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Gastroenterology Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431625/erratum-the-role-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-on-improvement-in-insulin-sensitivity-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-study-in-chinese-diabetic-patients-with-mild-and-central-obesity
#1
Lei Zhao, Liyong Zhu, Zhihong Su, Weizheng Li, Pengzhou Li, Yong Liu, Shengping Liu, Shaihong Zhu
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/gastro/goy024.].
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430022/erratum-radiation-therapy-induced-aortoesophageal-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Malav P Parikh, Muhammed Sherid, Sreelakshmi Panginikkod, Harsh A Rawal, Venu Gopalakrishnan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/gastro/gou081.].
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430021/morbidity-and-mortality-of-elderly-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-after-laparoscopy-assisted-or-open-distal-gastrectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jun Luo, Yu Zhu, Hao Liu, Yan-Feng Hu, Tuan-Jie Li, Tian Lin, Tao Chen, Hao Chen, Xin-Hua Chen, Jiang Yu, Guo-Xin Li
Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LDG) combined with D2 lymphadenectomy may be safely performed in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) by experienced surgeons at specialized high-volume institutions as shown in the Chinese Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (CLASS)-01. However, studies focusing on the use of LDG in patients with gastric cancer older than 65 years are rare. This study was designed to investigate the morbidity and mortality of elderly patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic-assisted or open distal gastrectomy (ODG)...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430020/serum-zinc-level-is-associated-with-liver-dysfunction-caused-by-white-smoke-inhalation
#4
Fei Xie, Lixin Xie
Background: White smoke bomb exposure in the military setting could result in organ injuries, which is uncommon and has been rarely described in previous studies. The aim of this study is to observe whether serum zinc levels are associated with liver function after white smoke inhalation. Methods: Fifteen patients with white smoke exposure were the subjects in this study. The clinical manifestations, liver function tests and the serum zinc levels were analysed. Results: The level of serum zinc was increased in the moderate or severe group ( n  = 4) compared with that in the mild group ( n  = 11)...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430019/the-role-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-on-improvement-in-insulin-sensitivity-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-study-in-chinese-diabetic-patients-with-mild-and-central-obesity
#5
Lei Zhao, Liyong Zhu, Zhihong Su, Weizheng Li, Pengzhou Li, Yong Liu, Shengping Liu, Shaihong Zhu
Background: Most Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have mild obesity and central obesity. Central obesity is combined with insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of abdominal adipose tissue on insulin-sensitivity improvement after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in Chinese diabetic patients with mild and central obesity. Methods: Seventeen T2DM patients with a mean body mass index of 30.3 kg/m2 were scheduled for laparoscopic RYGB...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430018/ileal-transposition-rapidly-improves-glucose-tolerance-and-gradually-improves-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-type-2-diabetic-rats
#6
Hengliang Zhu, Huaiming Wang, Zhihai Zheng, Bailiang Ye, Xiaojiao Ruan, Xiaofeng Zheng, Guoxin Li
Background: Many studies have confirmed that ileal transposition can improve type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), accompanied by increased glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). We performed the experiment on diabetic rats to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of ileal transposition on the glycemic metabolism. Methods: Twenty Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats were randomly divided into the ileal transposition group (IT group) and the sham operation group (Sham group). Weight, food intake, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting insulin (F-ins), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and GLP-1 were determined at baseline and 1, 4, 8, 16 and 24 weeks post-operatively...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430017/well-controlled-autoimmune-hepatitis-treatment-withdrawal-may-be-safely-accomplished-without-liver-biopsy-guidance
#7
John Guirguis, Yilien Alonso, Rocio Lopez, William Carey
Background: Autoimmune hepatitis may flare up after treatment withdrawal, especially in those who had not achieved histological remission but had normal liver enzymes. The European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) and the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) Guidelines recommend performing liver biopsy before treatment withdrawal. The aim of the study is to define the outcome of treatment withdrawal in adults with well-controlled disease for 2 years with and without liver-biopsy guidance...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430016/is-adjuvant-chemotherapy-necessary-for-patients-with-ypt0-2n0-rectal-cancer-treated-with-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-and-curative-surgery
#8
Zhao Lu, Pu Cheng, Ming-Guang Zhang, Xi-Shan Wang, Zhao-Xu Zheng
Background and objective: The benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) and curative surgery remains controversial, particularly among those responding well to NCRT. This retrospective study aimed to clarify the benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy in terms of the oncological outcomes of patients with ypT0-2N0 rectal cancer after NCRT and curative surgery. Methods: All patients with ypT0-2N0 rectal cancer after NCRT and curative resection between 2005 and 2014 were examined...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430015/prognostic-and-predictive-value-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-populations-following-stapled-transanal-rectal-resection-starr-in-patients-with-obstructed-defecation-syndrome
#9
Hong-Cheng Lin, Hua-Xian Chen, Liang Huang, Ya-Xi Zhu, Qian Zhou, Juan Li, Yu-Jie Xu, Dong-Lin Ren, Jian-Ping Wang
Objective: The present study was designed to evaluate the functional outcome of stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and to examine the relationship between the population density of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and the efficacy of the STARR operation in the management of obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS) patients. Methods: Full-thickness rectal samples were obtained from 50 ODS patients who underwent STARR. Samples were analysed using ICC immunohistochemistry...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430014/colorectal-cancer-resection-rates-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-population-based-study
#10
Udayakumar Navaneethan, Xiang Zhu, Dennisdhilak Lourdusamy, Vennisvasanth Lourdusamy, Bo Shen, Ravi Kiran
Background and objective: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to analyse the trends in rates of resection for IBD-related CRC in the USA. Methods: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1995 to 2012. Temporal trends in age-adjusted rates of resection for CRC in the setting of IBD were analysed using multivariate Joinpoint regression models. The primary outcome was surgical resection of CRC in the setting of IBD...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430013/management-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-during-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Aysha Aslam, Karen Joanie Campoverde Reyes, Vijayram Reddy Malladi, Rizwan Ishtiaq, Daryl T Y Lau
Chronic hepatitis B is globally prevalent and is a major cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite immunoprophylaxis against hepatitis B in pregnancy, perinatal transmission still occurs in at least 10% of the children born to a mother with high level of viremia. Decisions regarding hepatitis B therapy during pregnancy must take into account the benefits and safety for both the mother and the unborn baby. In this review, we summarize the current treatment options for chronic hepatitis B with a focus on management during pregnancy and the evidence-based strategies to prevent vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV)...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430012/diagnosis-and-management-of-floppy-pouch-complex
#12
REVIEW
Freeha Khan, Tracy L Hull, Bo Shen
Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis has become the surgical treatment of choice for patients with refractory ulcerative colitis, colitis-associated dysplasia or familial adenomatous polyposis. There are various pouch disorders and associated complications. Floppy pouch complex is defined as the presence of pouch prolapse, afferent limb syndrome, enterocele, redundant loop and folding pouch on pouchoscopy, gastrografin pouchogram or defecography. Common clinical presentation includes dyschezia, bloating, abdominal pain, straining or the sense of incomplete evacuation...
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430011/patient-derived-organoids-a-promising-model-for-personalized-cancer-treatment
#13
EDITORIAL
Huayu Yang, Lejia Sun, Meixi Liu, Yilei Mao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151210/erratum-selection-of-a-cut-off-for-high-and-low-methane-producers-using-a-spot-methane-breath-test-results-from-a-large-north-american-dataset-of-hydrogen-methane-and-carbon-dioxide-measurements-in-breath
#14
Klaus Gottlieb, Chenxiong Le, Vince Wacher, Joe Sliman, Christine Cruz, Tyler Porter, Stephen Carter
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/gastro/gow048.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/gastro/gow048.].
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151209/soft-tissue-segmentation-methods-during-image-guided-precision-liver-surgery
#15
EDITORIAL
Yongchang Zheng, Li He, Huayu Yang, Yi Bai, Fucun Xie, Kai Kang, Xuehu Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151208/a-novel-anti-reflux-reconstruction-after-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-jejunal-pouch-esophageal-anti-reflux-anastomosis
#16
Shi Chen, Xi-Jie Chen, Dong-Wen Chen, Jun Xiang, Jun-Sheng Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151207/three-cavity-clearance-tcc-can-decrease-the-fistula-rate-after-drainage-of-a-perianal-abscess-a-case-control-study
#17
Heiying Jin, Yan Chen, Bei Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of three-cavity clearance (TCC) used for the treatment of perianal abscess. Methods: A case-control study of patients with perianal abscess was conducted at the Second and Third Affiliated Hospitals of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from June 2013 to March 2016. Clinical data from 46 patients who had TCC were analysed. At the same time, 46 patients had simple incision and drainage and 46 patients had abscess drainage and cutting seton (radical abscess incision); the data from these patients were also analysed...
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151206/unexplained-iron-deficiency-anemia-does-helicobacter-pylori-have-a-role-to-play
#18
Savio John, Juan Diego Baltodano, Nilesh Mehta, Katherine Mark, Uma Murthy
Background and aim: Testing for Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is recommended for work-up of unexplained iron deficiency anemia (IDA), although the evidence supporting this recommendation is scant. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between Hp infection and unexplained iron deficiency (ID) or IDA in the older adult population without significant upper gastrointestinal source of blood loss. Methods: Retrospective single-center cohort study; 523 out of 1253 consecutive patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy with no significant upper and/or lower gastrointestinal source for blood loss or risk factors for IDA...
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151205/extra-pancreatic-complications-especially-hemodialysis-predict-mortality-and-length-of-stay-in-icu-patients-admitted-with-acute-pancreatitis
#19
Darshan Kothari, Maarten R Struyvenberg, Michael C Perillo, Ghideon Ezaz, Steven D Freedman, Sunil G Sheth
Background and aims: Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) with acute pancreatitis (AP) are at risk for extra-pancreatic complications given their severe illness and prolonged length of stay. We sought to determine the rate of extra-pancreatic complications and its effect on length of stay (LOS) and mortality in ICU patients with AP. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of ICU patients admitted to a tertiary-care center with a diagnosis of AP. A total of 287 ICU patients had a discharge diagnosis of AP, of which 163 met inclusion criteria...
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151204/oxaliplatin-containing-adjuvant-chemotherapy-improves-the-survival-of-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-patients-with-pathological-complete-response-after-pre-operative-chemoradiotherapy
#20
Jian-Hong Peng, Jun-Zhong Lin, Yu-Ming Rong, Ying Zhu, Yu-Xiang Deng, Yu-Jie Zhao, Zhen-Hai Lu, Xiao-Jun Wu, Zhi-Zhong Pan
Background: The necessity for adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients who achieve pathological complete response (pCR) after pre-operative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is still not identified. We aimed to investigate the therapeutic value of ACT in these patients. Methods: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from 105 consecutive LARC patients who achieved pCR after pre-operative CRT and underwent radical tumor resection between December 2008 and April 2014 in a comprehensive cancer center...
August 2018: Gastroenterology Report
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