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International Journal of Health Policy and Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524938/including-health-in-environmental-assessments-of-major-transport-infrastructure-projects-a-documentary-analysis
#1
Emily Riley, Patrick Harris, Jennifer Kent, Peter Sainsbury, Anna Lane, Fran Baum
BACKGROUND: Transport policy and practice impacts health. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are regulated public policy mechanisms that can be used to consider the health impacts of major transport projects before they are approved. The way health is considered in these environmental assessments (EAs) is not well known. This research asked: How and to what extent was human health considered in EAs of four major transport projects in Australia. METHODS: We developed a comprehensive coding framework to analyse the Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) of four transport infrastructure projects: three road and one light rail...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764102/assessment-of-the-effects-of-economic-sanctions-on-iranians-right-to-health-by-using-human-rights-impact-assessment-tool-a-systematic-review
#2
Fatemeh Kokabisaghi
BACKGROUND: Over the years, economic sanctions have contributed to violation of right to health in target countries. Iran has been under comprehensive unilateral economic sanctions by groups of countries (not United Nations [UN]) in recent years. They have been intensified from 2012 because of international community's uncertainty about peaceful purpose of Iran's nuclear program and inadequacy of trust-building actions of this country. This review aimed to identify the humanitarian effects of the sanctions on the right of Iranians to health and the obligations of Iran and international community about it...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764101/shaping-policy-change-in-population-health-policy-entrepreneurs-ideas-and-institutions
#3
Daniel Béland, Tarun R Katapally
Political realities and institutional structures are often ignored when gathering evidence to influence population health policies. If these policies are to be successful, social science literature on policy change should be integrated into the population health approach. In this contribution, drawing on the work of John W. Kingdon and related scholarship, we set out to examine how key components of the policy change literature could contribute towards the effective development of population health policies...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626395/achieving-integrated-care-for-older-people-shuffling-the-deckchairs-or-making-the-system-watertight-for-the-future
#4
EDITORIAL
Gill Harvey, Joanne Dollard, Amy Marshall, Manasi Murthy Mittinty
Integrated care has been recognised as a key initiative to resolve the issues surrounding care for older people living with multi-morbidity. Multiple strategies and policies have been implemented to increase coordination of care globally however, evidence of effectiveness remains mixed. The reasons for this are complex and multifactorial, yet many strategies deal with parts of the problem rather than taking a whole systems view with the older person clearly at the centre. This approach of fixing parts of the system may be akin to shuffling the deckchairson the Titanic, rather than dealing with the fundamental reasons why the ship is sinking...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524948/bric-health-systems-and-big-pharma-a-challenge-for-health-policy-and-management
#5
EDITORIAL
Victor G Rodwin, Guilhem Fabre, Rafael F Ayoub
BRIC nations - Brazil, Russia, India, and China - represent 40% of the world's population, including a growing aging population and middle class with an increasing prevalence of chronic disease. Their healthcare systems increasingly rely on prescription drugs, but they differ from most other healthcare systems because healthcare expenditures in BRIC nations have exhibited the highest revenue growth rates for pharmaceutical multinational corporations (MNCs), Big Pharma. The response of BRIC nations to Big Pharma presents contrasting cases of how governments manage the tensions posed by rising public expectations and limited resources to satisfy them...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764115/eating-or-feeding-our-young-a-response-to-recent-commentaries
#6
Terrence Sullivan, Vidhi Thakkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524934/what-enables-and-constrains-the-inclusion-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-inequities-in-government-policy-agendas-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Phillip Baker, Sharon Friel, Adrian Kay, Fran Baum, Lyndall Strazdins, Tamara Mackean
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of evidence gathering and calls for action, few countries have systematically attenuated health inequities (HI) through action on the social determinants of health (SDH). This is at least partly because doing so presents a significant political and policy challenge. This paper explores this challenge through a review of the empirical literature, asking: what factors have enabled and constrained the inclusion of the social determinants of health inequities (SDHI) in government policy agendas? METHODS: A narrative review method was adopted involving three steps: first, drawing upon political science theories on agenda-setting, an integrated theoretical framework was developed to guide the review; second, a systematic search of scholarly databases for relevant literature; and third, qualitative analysis of the data and thematic synthesis of the results...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626409/wind-of-change-brexit-and-european-rehabilitation
#8
LETTER
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pablo Herrero, Pedro Berjano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626396/settling-ulysses-an-adapted-research-agenda-for-refugee-mental-health
#9
Yudit Namer, Oliver Razum
Refugees and asylum seekers arriving in Europe during the 2015/2016 wave of migration have been exposed to war conditions in their country of origin, survived a dangerous journey, and often struggled with negative reception in transit and host countries. The mental health consequence of such forced migration experiences is named the Ulysses syndrome. Policies regarding the right to residency can play an important role in reducing mental health symptoms. We propose that facilitating a sense of belonging should be seen as one important preventive mental healthcare intervention...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764114/accelerating-the-worldwide-adoption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-strengthening-commitment-and-capacity-comment-on-the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#10
Phillip Baker, Alexandra Jones, Anne Marie Thow
In their recent article Roache and Gostin outline why governments and public health advocates should embrace soda taxes. The evidence is strong and continues to grow: such taxes can change consumer behavior, generate significant revenue and incentivize product reformulation. In essence, such taxes are an important and now well-established instrument of fiscal and public health policy. In this commentary we expand on their arguments by considering how the worldwide adoption of such taxes might be further accelerated...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524935/towards-patient-centered-conflicts-of-interest-policy
#11
Peter D Young, Dawei Xie, Harald Schmidt
Financial conflicts of interest exist between industry and physicians, and these relationships have the power to influence physicians' medical practice. Transparency about conflicts matters for ensuring adequate informed consent, controlling healthcare expenditure, and encouraging physicians' reflection on professionalism. The US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) launched the Open Payments Program (OPP) to publicly disclose and bring transparency to the relationships between industry and physicians in the United States...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764113/soda-taxes-the-importance-of-analysing-policy-processes-comment-on-the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivising-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behaviours
#12
Yann Le Bodo, Philippe De Wals
Sarah A. Roache and Lawrence O. Gostin's recent editorial comprehensively presents soda taxation rationales from a public health perspective. While we essentially agree that soda taxes are gaining momentum, this commentary expands upon the need for a better understanding of the policy processes underlying their development and implementation. Indeed, the umbrella concept of soda taxation actually covers a diversity of objectives and mechanisms, which may not only condition the feasibility and acceptability of a proposal, but also alter its impact...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764108/factors-that-influence-enrolment-and-retention-in-ghana-national-health-insurance-scheme
#13
Agnes Millicent Kotoh, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Sjaak Van der Geest
BACKGROUND: The government of Ghana introduced the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2004 with the goal of achieving universal coverage within 5 years. Evidence, however, shows that expanding NHIS coverage and especially retaining members have remained a challenge. A multilevel perspective was employed as a conceptual framework and methodological tool to examine why enrolment and retention in the NHIS remains low. METHODS: A household survey was conducted after 20 months educational and promotional activities aimed at improving enrolment and retention rates in 15 communities in the Central and Eastern Regions (ERs) of Ghana...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524949/the-urgency-to-mitigate-the-spread-of-hepatitis-c-in-pakistan-through-blood-transfusion-reform
#14
Kamiar Alaei, Mohammad Sarwar, Arash Alaei
Blood transfusions are contributing to a higher rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Pakistan. Half of all blood transfusions in Pakistan are not screened for hepatitis C, hepatitis B or HIV. Family members donate blood that is likely not tested due to social stigma attached to HCV. Paid donations are also quite common in the country, especially by people who inject drugs (PWID), which increases the population's exposure to HCV. Most of the population utilizes the private sector for their health needs; this sector has lax regulation due to the lack of oversight by the government or any other regulatory body...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524933/trade-agreements-and-direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-pharmaceuticals
#15
Deborah Gleeson, David B Menkes
There is growing international concern about the risks posed by direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription pharmaceuticals, including via the internet. Recent trade agreements negotiated by the United States, however, incorporate provisions that may constrain national regulation of DTCA. Some provisions explicitly mention DTCA; others enable foreign investors to seek compensation if new regulations are seen to harm their investments. These provisions may thus prevent countries from restricting DTCA or put them at risk of expensive legal action from companies seeking damages due to restrictions on advertising...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626402/the-no-destination-ship-of-priority-setting-in-healthcare-a-call-for-more-democracy
#16
Brayan V Seixas
In dealing with scarcity of resources within healthcare systems, decision-makers inevitably have to make choices about which services to fund. Setting priorities represents a challenging task that requires systematic, explicit and transparent methodologies with focus on economic efficiency. In addition, the engagement of the general public in the process of decision-making has been regarded as one of the most important aspects of the management of publicly-funded health systems in liberal democracies. In the current essay, we aim to discuss the problematics of public engagement in the process of resource allocation and priority-setting within the context of publiclyfunded health systems...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626408/the-politics-and-power-of-populism-a-response-to-the-recent-commentaries
#17
LETTER
Ewen Speed, Russell Mannion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764112/human-rights-treaties-are-an-important-part-of-the-international-health-instrumentariam-comment-on-the-legal-strength-of-international-health-instruments-what-it-brings-to-global-health-governance
#18
Lisa Forman
In their commentary, Haik Nikogosian and Ilona Kickbusch argue for the necessity of new binding international legal instruments for health to address complex health determinants and offer a cogent analysis of the implications of such treaties for future global health governance. Yet in doing so they pay no attention to the existing instrumentarium of international legally binding treaties relevant to health, in the form of human rights treaties. International human rights law has entrenched individual entitlements and state obligations in relation to individual and public health through iterative human rights treaties since 1946...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764107/the-global-health-policies-of-the-eu-and-its-member-states-a-common-vision
#19
Lies Steurs, Remco Van de Pas, Sarah Delputte, Jan Orbie
BACKGROUND: This article assesses the global health policies of the European Union (EU) and those of its individual member states. So far EU and public health scholars have paid little heed to this, despite the large budgets involved in this area. While the European Commission has attempted to define the 'EU role in Global Health' in 2010, member states are active in the domain of global health as well. Therefore, this article raises the question to what extent a common 'EU' vision on global health exists...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524961/why-learning-how-to-chase-butterflies-matters-a-response-to-recent-commentaries
#20
LETTER
Pascale Lehoux, Fiona A MilleR, Geneviève Daudelin, Jean-Louis Denis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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