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International Journal of Health Policy and Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524938/including-health-in-environmental-assessments-of-major-transport-infrastructure-projects-a-documentary-analysis
#1
Emily Riley, Patrick Harris, Jennifer Kent, Peter Sainsbury, Anna Lane, Fran Baum
BACKGROUND: Transport policy and practice impacts health. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are regulated public policy mechanisms that can be used to consider the health impacts of major transport projects before they are approved. The way health is considered in these environmental assessments (EAs) is not well known. This research asked: How and to what extent was human health considered in EAs of four major transport projects in Australia. METHODS: We developed a comprehensive coding framework to analyse the Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) of four transport infrastructure projects: three road and one light rail...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626395/achieving-integrated-care-for-older-people-shuffling-the-deckchairs-or-making-the-system-watertight-for-the-future
#2
EDITORIAL
Gill Harvey, Joanne Dollard, Amy Marshall, Manasi Murthy Mittinty
Integrated care has been recognised as a key initiative to resolve the issues surrounding care for older people living with multi-morbidity. Multiple strategies and policies have been implemented to increase coordination of care globally however, evidence of effectiveness remains mixed. The reasons for this are complex and multifactorial, yet many strategies deal with parts of the problem rather than taking a whole systems view with the older person clearly at the centre. This approach of fixing parts of the system may be akin to shuffling the deckchairson the Titanic, rather than dealing with the fundamental reasons why the ship is sinking...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524948/bric-health-systems-and-big-pharma-a-challenge-for-health-policy-and-management
#3
EDITORIAL
Victor G Rodwin, Guilhem Fabre, Rafael F Ayoub
BRIC nations - Brazil, Russia, India, and China - represent 40% of the world's population, including a growing aging population and middle class with an increasing prevalence of chronic disease. Their healthcare systems increasingly rely on prescription drugs, but they differ from most other healthcare systems because healthcare expenditures in BRIC nations have exhibited the highest revenue growth rates for pharmaceutical multinational corporations (MNCs), Big Pharma. The response of BRIC nations to Big Pharma presents contrasting cases of how governments manage the tensions posed by rising public expectations and limited resources to satisfy them...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524934/what-enables-and-constrains-the-inclusion-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-inequities-in-government-policy-agendas-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Phillip Baker, Sharon Friel, Adrian Kay, Fran Baum, Lyndall Strazdins, Tamara Mackean
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of evidence gathering and calls for action, few countries have systematically attenuated health inequities (HI) through action on the social determinants of health (SDH). This is at least partly because doing so presents a significant political and policy challenge. This paper explores this challenge through a review of the empirical literature, asking: what factors have enabled and constrained the inclusion of the social determinants of health inequities (SDHI) in government policy agendas? METHODS: A narrative review method was adopted involving three steps: first, drawing upon political science theories on agenda-setting, an integrated theoretical framework was developed to guide the review; second, a systematic search of scholarly databases for relevant literature; and third, qualitative analysis of the data and thematic synthesis of the results...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626409/wind-of-change-brexit-and-european-rehabilitation
#5
LETTER
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Pablo Herrero, Pedro Berjano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626396/settling-ulysses-an-adapted-research-agenda-for-refugee-mental-health
#6
Yudit Namer, Oliver Razum
Refugees and asylum seekers arriving in Europe during the 2015/2016 wave of migration have been exposed to war conditions in their country of origin, survived a dangerous journey, and often struggled with negative reception in transit and host countries. The mental health consequence of such forced migration experiences is named the Ulysses syndrome. Policies regarding the right to residency can play an important role in reducing mental health symptoms. We propose that facilitating a sense of belonging should be seen as one important preventive mental healthcare intervention...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524935/towards-patient-centered-conflicts-of-interest-policy
#7
Peter D Young, Dawei Xie, Harald Schmidt
Financial conflicts of interest exist between industry and physicians, and these relationships have the power to influence physicians' medical practice. Transparency about conflicts matters for ensuring adequate informed consent, controlling healthcare expenditure, and encouraging physicians' reflection on professionalism. The US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) launched the Open Payments Program (OPP) to publicly disclose and bring transparency to the relationships between industry and physicians in the United States...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524949/the-urgency-to-mitigate-the-spread-of-hepatitis-c-in-pakistan-through-blood-transfusion-reform
#8
Kamiar Alaei, Mohammad Sarwar, Arash Alaei
Blood transfusions are contributing to a higher rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in Pakistan. Half of all blood transfusions in Pakistan are not screened for hepatitis C, hepatitis B or HIV. Family members donate blood that is likely not tested due to social stigma attached to HCV. Paid donations are also quite common in the country, especially by people who inject drugs (PWID), which increases the population's exposure to HCV. Most of the population utilizes the private sector for their health needs; this sector has lax regulation due to the lack of oversight by the government or any other regulatory body...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524933/trade-agreements-and-direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-pharmaceuticals
#9
Deborah Gleeson, David B Menkes
There is growing international concern about the risks posed by direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription pharmaceuticals, including via the internet. Recent trade agreements negotiated by the United States, however, incorporate provisions that may constrain national regulation of DTCA. Some provisions explicitly mention DTCA; others enable foreign investors to seek compensation if new regulations are seen to harm their investments. These provisions may thus prevent countries from restricting DTCA or put them at risk of expensive legal action from companies seeking damages due to restrictions on advertising...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626402/the-no-destination-ship-of-priority-setting-in-healthcare-a-call-for-more-democracy
#10
Brayan V Seixas
In dealing with scarcity of resources within healthcare systems, decision-makers inevitably have to make choices about which services to fund. Setting priorities represents a challenging task that requires systematic, explicit and transparent methodologies with focus on economic efficiency. In addition, the engagement of the general public in the process of decision-making has been regarded as one of the most important aspects of the management of publicly-funded health systems in liberal democracies. In the current essay, we aim to discuss the problematics of public engagement in the process of resource allocation and priority-setting within the context of publiclyfunded health systems...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626408/the-politics-and-power-of-populism-a-response-to-the-recent-commentaries
#11
Ewen Speed, Russell Mannion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524961/why-learning-how-to-chase-butterflies-matters-a-response-to-recent-commentaries
#12
Pascale Lehoux, Fiona A MilleR, Geneviève Daudelin, Jean-Louis Denis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172374/false-dawns-and-new-horizons-in-patient-safety-research-and-practice
#13
EDITORIAL
Russell Mannion, Jeffrey Braithwaite
In response to a weight of evidence that patients are frequently harmed as a result of their care, there have been concerted efforts to make healthcare safer, with health systems across the globe investing significant resources in policies and programmes designed to reduce adverse events. Yet, despite extensive efforts, improvements in safety have proved difficult to sustain and spread, with studies confirming there has been no measurable, systems-level improvement in the overall rates of preventable harm. Here, we highlight the limitations of the thinking which underpins current efforts to make healthcare systems safer and point to new and emerging approaches to understanding and addressing patient safety in complex, dynamic health systems...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626407/additional-insights-into-problem-definition-and-positioning-from-social-science-comment-on-four-challenges-that-global-health-networks-face
#14
Kathryn Quissell
Commenting on a recent editorial in this journal which presented four challenges global health networks will have to tackle to be effective, this essay discusses why this type of analysis is important for global health scholars and practitioners, and why it is worth understanding and critically engaging with the complexities behind these challenges. Focusing on the topics of problem definition and positioning, I outline additional insights from social science theory to demonstrate how networks and network researchers can evaluate these processes, and how these processes contribute to better organizing, advocacy, and public health outcomes...
September 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524947/tackling-hiv-in-mena-talk-is-not-enough-it-is-time-for-bold-actions-a-response-to-recent-commentaries
#15
Mohammad Karamouzian, Navid Madani, Fardad Doroudi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524962/how-political-science-can-contribute-to-public-health-a-response-to-gagnon-and-colleagues
#16
LETTER
Anita Kothari, Ruta Valaitis, Vera Etches, Marc Lefebvre, Cal Martell, Sinéad McElhone, Ruth Sanderson, Louise Simmons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626401/improving-the-distribution-of-rural-health-houses-using-elicitation-and-gis-in-khuzestan-province-the-southwest-of-iran
#17
Ali Mohammadi, Ali Valinejadi, Sara Sakipour, Morteza Hemmat, Javad Zarei, Hesamedin Askari Majdabadi
BACKGROUND: Rural health houses constitute a major provider of some primary health services in the villages of Iran. Given the challenges of providing health services in rural areas, health houses should be established based on the criteria of health network systems (HNSs). The value of these criteria and their precedence over others have not yet been thoroughly investigated. The present study was conducted to propose a model for improving the distribution of rural health houses in HNSs...
August 27, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626400/assessing-and-improving-performance-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-priority-setting-and-resource-allocation-in-a-canadian-health-region
#18
William Hall, Neale Smith, Craig Mitton, Bonnie Urquhart, Stirling Bryan
BACKGROUND: In order to meet the challenges presented by increasing demand and scarcity of resources, healthcare organizations are faced with difficult decisions related to resource allocation. Tools to facilitate evaluation and improvement of these processes could enable greater transparency and more optimal distribution of resources. METHODS: The Resource Allocation Performance Assessment Tool (RAPAT) was implemented in a healthcare organization in British Columbia, Canada...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626406/competing-logics-and-healthcare-comment-on-re-making-the-procrustean-bed-standardization-and-customization-as-competing-logics-in-healthcare
#19
Mike Saks
This paper offers a short commentary on the editorial by Mannion and Exworthy. The paper highlights the positive insights offered by their analysis into the tensions between the competing institutional logics of standardization and customization in healthcare, in part manifested in the conflict between managers and professionals, and endorses the plea of the authors for further research in this field. However, the editorial is criticized for its lack of a strong societal reference point, the comparative absence of focus on hybridization, and its failure to highlight structural factors impinging on the opposing logics in a broader neo-institutional framework...
August 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626405/best-of-both-worlds-comment-on-re-making-the-procrustean-bed-standardization-and-customization-as-competing-logics-in-healthcare
#20
Catherine Needham
This article builds on Mannion and Exworthy's account of the tensions between standardization and customization within health services to explore why these tensions exist. It highlights the limitations of explanations which root them in an expression of managerialism versus professionalism and suggests that each logic is embedded in a set of ontological, epistemological and moral commitments which are held in tension. At the front line of care delivery, people cannot resolve these tensions but must navigate and negotiate them...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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