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Biodiversity Data Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308048/20th-century-betula-pubescens-subsp-czerepanovii-tree-and-forest-lines-in-norway
#1
Anders Bryn, Kerstin Potthoff
Background: Georeferenced tree- and forest line data has a wide range of applications and are increasingly used for e.g. monitoring of climate change impacts and range shift modelling. As part of a research project, registrations of previously re-mapped tree- and forest lines have been georeferenced. The data described in this paper contains 100 re-mapped registrations of Betula pubescens subsp. czerepanovii throughout Norway. All of the re-mapped tree- and forest line localities are georeferenced, elevation and aspect are given, elevational and spatial uncertainty are provided, and the re-mapping methods are explained...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308047/on-the-absence-of-the-green-tailed-trainbearer-lesbia-nuna-trochilidae-from-venezuela-an-analysis-based-on-environmental-niche-modelling
#2
Paolo Ramoni Perazzi, Karl L Schuchmann, Magdiel Ablan Bortone, Alejandra Soto Werschitz
Background: Lesbia nuna, a hummingbird distributed in the tropical Andes, has been included in Venezuela's bird list on the basis of a specimen collected in 1873 at Sierra Nevada, Mérida and deposited in the Natural History Museum, London, with no further records for this country since then. This record, largely considered as valid by most authors, has been questioned by others, although without formal analyses. New information: The potential habitat range of the Green-Tailed Trainbearer, Lesbia nuna gouldii (Trochilidae), in the northern Andes from Ecuador to Venezuela was modelled, using maximum entropy niche modelling, environmental covariates and records from locations across the Colombian Andes...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308046/three-new-minute-leaf-litter-beetles-discovered-by-citizen-scientists-in-maliau-basin-malaysian-borneo-coleoptera-leiodidae-chrysomelidae
#3
Menno Schilthuizen, Lilian A Seip, Sean Otani, Jadda Suhaimi, Iva Njunjić
Background: We coin the term "taxon expeditions" for citizen scientists' field courses to carry out publishable taxonomic work in close association with trained taxonomists. New information: During the first-ever taxon expedition, in Maliau Basin Studies Centre, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, the participants sampled leaf litter beetles from lowland dipterocarp forest using the Winkler apparatus. The collected material proved to contain at least three undescribed species of small-bodied (ca...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308045/a-crowdsourcing-approach-to-collecting-photo-based-insect-and-plant-observation-records
#4
Takeshi Osawa, Takehiko Yamanaka, Yukinobu Nakatani, Jun Nishihiro, Shiori Takahashi, Suzuki Mahoro, Hironobu Sasaki
Background: Scientific field observation by members of the public is known as citizen science and has become popular all across the world. Citizen science is advantageous for collecting large amounts of scientific data and can be seen as a crowdsourcing approach to data collection. Information and communications technology is enhancing the availability of citizen science. Mobile devices, such as mobile phones, that have a digital camera with a global positioning system (GPS) are necessities for contemporary life and can be utilised as powerful observation tools in citizen science...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308044/first-observations-on-the-life-cycle-and-mass-eclosion-events-in-a-mantis-fly-family-mantispidae-in-the-subfamily-drepanicinae
#5
James B Dorey, David J Merritt
Background: The Mantispidae are a distinctive group of Neuroptera known for the adults' possession of raptorial forelegs. There are four recognised, extant subfamilies of Mantispidae: the Mantispinae, Symphrasinae, Calomantispinae and Drepanicinae. The life history and larval behaviour of the subfamily Mantispinae is best known: the immatures are spider egg predators. Among the three remaining subfamilies, larval Symphrasinae and Calomantispinae most likely predate on other small arthropods, while the immature life history of Drepanicinae, until now, remained completely unknown...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308043/surveys-of-forest-birds-on-puerto-rico-2015
#6
John D Lloyd, Christopher C Rimmer
Background: The island of Puerto Rico supports a diverse assemblage of breeding birds, including 16 endemic species (Raffaele et al. 1998), and provides critical wintering habitat for many North American migratory birds (Wunderle and Waide 1994). Despite being a hotspot of avian biodiversity, spatially extensive data on the distribution and abundance of birds on the island are scarce. Breeding-bird assemblages were sampled by the North American Breeding Bird Survey from 1997-2007 (Sauer et al...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308042/understory-dominance-and-the-new-climax-impacts-of-japanese-knotweed-fallopia-japonica-invasion-on-native-plant-diversity-and-recruitment-in-a-riparian-woodland
#7
Matthew J Wilson, Anna E Freundlich, Christopher T Martine
Riparian forests exhibit levels of ecological disturbance that leave them especially prone to biological invasions. Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) is particularly suited to these habitats and is an aggressive invader along watercourses throughout its now-global range as an exotic invader. Using one of the few Silver Maple Floodplain Forest communities that has not been invaded by F. japonica in the West Branch Susquehanna River valley (Pennsylvania, USA) as a baseline, this study examines whether and how this primarily intact riparian forest community differs from nearby invaded communities in terms of 1) native species richness, 2) native species density, and 3) riparian forest tree recruitment...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308041/abundance-indices-and-biological-traits-of-juvenile-salmon-salmo-salar-sampled-in-three-rivers-on-the-atlantic-and-channel-coasts-france
#8
Frédéric Marchand, Laurent Beaulaton, Etienne Prévost, Richard Delanoë, Jean-Pierre Destouches, François Gueraud, Yoann Guilloux, Nicolas Jeannot, Emmanuel Huchet, Frédéric Lange, Jacques Rives, Julien Tremblay, Nadine Herrard, Didier Azam
Background: Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) is an anadromous migratory species adapted to cool temperatures. It is protected by the Bern convention and by the European Habitats Directive. It has been listed as vulnerable by the French IUCN Red List. Salmon decline is the result of combined and cumulated, mainly anthropic, causes: climate change, increasingly high number of impoundments, degradation of water quality and habitat and over-exploitation by fisheries. Monitoring of this species has been carried out on three rivers in France (Southern part of the distribution area) to produce data and knowledge (growth, precocious maturity, survival) for stock management...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200929/applications-of-deep-convolutional-neural-networks-to-digitized-natural-history-collections
#9
Eric Schuettpelz, Paul B Frandsen, Rebecca B Dikow, Abel Brown, Sylvia Orli, Melinda Peters, Adam Metallo, Vicki A Funk, Laurence J Dorr
Natural history collections contain data that are critical for many scientific endeavors. Recent efforts in mass digitization are generating large datasets from these collections that can provide unprecedented insight. Here, we present examples of how deep convolutional neural networks can be applied in analyses of imaged herbarium specimens. We first demonstrate that a convolutional neural network can detect mercury-stained specimens across a collection with 90% accuracy. We then show that such a network can correctly distinguish two morphologically similar plant families 96% of the time...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134041/a-streamlined-collecting-and-preparation-protocol-for-dna-barcoding-of-lepidoptera-as-part-of-large-scale-rapid-biodiversity-assessment-projects-exemplified-by-the-indonesian-biodiversity-discovery-and-information-system-indobiosys
#10
Olga Schmidt, Axel Hausmann, Bruno Cancian de Araujo, Hari Sutrisno, Djunijanti Peggie, Stefan Schmidt
Here we present a general collecting and preparation protocol for DNA barcoding of Lepidoptera as part of large-scale rapid biodiversity assessment projects, and a comparison with alternative preserving and vouchering methods. About 98% of the sequenced specimens processed using the present collecting and preparation protocol yielded sequences with more than 500 base pairs. The study is based on the first outcomes of the Indonesian Biodiversity Discovery and Information System (IndoBioSys). IndoBioSys is a German-Indonesian research project that is conducted by the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin and the Zoologische Staatssammlung München, in close cooperation with the Research Center for Biology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (RCB-LIPI, Bogor)...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104443/corrigendum-to-%C3%A2-contrasting-morphology-with-molecular-data-an-approach-to-revision-of-species-complexes-based-on-the-example-of-european-cyprinidae-%C3%A2-by-palanda%C3%A4-i%C3%A4-et-al-2017
#11
Anja Palandacic, Alexander M Naseka, David Ramler, Harald Ahnelt
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12862-017-1032-x.].
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104442/icollections-methodology-workflow-results-and-lessons-learned
#12
Vladimir Blagoderov, Malcolm Penn, Mike Sadka, Adrian Hine, Stephen Brooks, Darrell J Siebert, Chris Sleep, Steve Cafferty, Elisa Cane, Geoff Martin, Flavia Toloni, Peter Wing, John Chainey, Liz Duffell, Rob Huxley, Sophie Ledger, Caitlin McLaughlin, Gerardo Mazzetta, Jasmin Perera, Robyn Crowther, Lyndsey Douglas, Joanna Durant, Elisabetta Scialabba, Martin Honey, Blanca Huertas, Theresa Howard, Victoria Carter, Sara Albuquerque, Gordon Paterson, Ian J Kitching
The Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK) has embarked on an ambitious programme to digitise its collections. The first phase of this programme was to undertake a series of pilot projects to develop the workflows and infrastructure needed to support mass digitisation of very large scientific collections. This paper presents the results of one of the pilot projects - iCollections. This project digitised all the lepidopteran specimens usually considered as butterflies, 181,545 specimens representing 89 species from the British Isles and Ireland...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104441/species-conservation-profiles-of-endemic-spiders-araneae-from-madeira-and-selvagens-archipelagos-portugal
#13
Pedro Cardoso, Luís C Crespo, Isamberto Silva, Paulo Av Borges, Mário Boieiro
Background: The North Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and Selvagens present a unique biological diversity including, presently, 56 endemic spider species. Several recent projects provide valuable information on their distribution across most islands and habitats. To date, the only endemic spider assessed according to the IUCN Red List criteria is Hogna ingens. The objective of this paper is to assess all remaining endemic species and advise on possible future conservation actions critical for the survival of endangered species...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104440/an-upgrade-pinning-block-a-mechanical-practical-aid-for-fast-labelling-of-the-insect-specimens
#14
Mohammad Hossein Ghafouri Moghaddam, Mostafa Ghafouri Moghaddam, Ehsan Rakhshani, Azizollah Mokhtari
A new mechanical innovation is described to deal with standard labelling of dried specimens on triangular cards and/or pinned specimens in personal and public collections. It works quickly, precisely, and easily and is very useful for maintaining label uniformity in collections. The tools accurately sets the position of labels in the shortest possible time. This tools has advantages including rapid processing, cost effectiveness, light weight, and high accuracy, compared to conventional methods. It is fully customisable, compact, and does not require specialist equipment to assemble...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104439/red-an-r-package-to-facilitate-species-red-list-assessments-according-to-the-iucn-criteria
#15
Pedro Cardoso
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List is the most useful database of species that are at risk of extinction worldwide, as it relies on a number of objective criteria and is now widely adopted. The R package red - IUCN Redlisting Tools - performs a number of spatial analyses based on either observed occurrences or estimated ranges. Functions include calculating Extent of Occurrence (EOO), Area of Occupancy (AOO), mapping species ranges, species distribution modelling using climate and land cover and calculating the Red List Index for groups of species...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104438/-my-naturesound-nature-observations-with-sound-recordings
#16
Veljo Runnel, Marko Peterson, Allan Zirk
Background: Online systems for observation reporting by citizen scientists have been operating for many years. iNaturalist (California Academy of Sciences 2016), eBird (Cornell Lab of Ornithology 2016) and Observado (Observation International 2016) are well-known international systems, Artportalen (Swedish Species Information Centre 2016) and Artsobservasjoner (Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre 2016) are Scandinavian. In addition, databases and online solutions exist that are more directly research-oriented but still offer participation by citizen scientists, such as the PlutoF (University of Tartu Natural History Museum 2016) platform...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104437/structure-and-tree-species-composition-in-different-habitats-of-savanna-used-by-indigenous-people-in-the-northern-brazilian-amazon
#17
Rodrigo Leonardo Costa de Oliveira, Hugo Leonardo Sousa Farias, Ricardo de Oliveira Perdiz, Veridiana Vizoni Scudeller, Reinaldo Imbrozio Barbosa
Background: Woody plant diversity from the Amazonian savannas has been poorly quantified. In order to improve the knowledge on wood plants of these regional ecosystems, a tree inventory was carried out in four different habitats used by indigenous people living in the savanna areas of the Northern Brazilian Amazon. The habitats were divided into two types (or groups) of vegetation formations: forest (riparian forest, forest island, and buritizal = Mauritia palm formation) and non-forest (typical savanna)...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104436/taxonomy-and-biogeography-without-frontiers-whatsapp-facebook-and-smartphone-digital-photography-let-citizen-scientists-in-more-remote-localities-step-out-of-the-dark
#18
Nano Suprayitno, Raden Pramesa Narakusumo, Thomas von Rintelen, Lars Hendrich, Michael Balke
Background: Taxonomy and biogeography can benefit from citizen scientists. The use of social networking and open access cooperative publishing can easily connect naturalists even in more remote areas with in-country scientists and institutions, as well as those abroad. This enables taxonomic efforts without frontiers and at the same time adequate benefit sharing measures. New information: We present new distribution and habitat data for diving beetles of Bali island, Indonesia, as a proof of concept...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104435/icollections-methodology-workflow-results-and-lessons-learned
#19
Vladimir Blagoderov, Malcolm Penn, Mike Sadka, Adrian Hine, Stephen Brooks, Darrell J Siebert, Chris Sleep, Steve Cafferty, Elisa Cane, Geoff Martin, Flavia Toloni, Peter Wing, John Chainey, Liz Duffell, Rob Huxley, Sophie Ledger, Caitlin McLaughlin, Gerardo Mazzetta, Jasmin Perera, Robyn Crowther, Lyndsey Douglas, Joanna Durant, Martin Honey, Blanca Huertas, Theresa Howard, Victoria Carter, Sara Albuquerque, Gordon Paterson, Ian J Kitching
The Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK) has embarked on an ambitious programme to digitise its collections. The first phase of this programme was to undertake a series of pilot projects to develop the workflows and infrastructure needed to support mass digitisation of very large scientific collections. This paper presents the results of one of the pilot projects - iCollections. This project digitised all the lepidopteran specimens usually considered as butterflies, 181,545 specimens representing 89 species from the British Isles and Ireland...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104434/the-bee-family-halictidae-hymenoptera-apoidea-from-central-asia-collected-by-the-kyushu-and-shimane-universities-expeditions
#20
Ryuki Murao, Osamu Tadauchi, Ryoichi Miyanaga
Background: Central Asia is one of the important centers of bee diversity in the Palearctic Region. However, there is insufficient information for many taxa in the central Asian bee fauna. The Kyushu and Shimane Universities (Japan) Expeditions to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Xinjiang Uyghur of China were conducted in the years 2000 to 2004 and 2012 to 2014. New information: Eighty-eight species of the bee family Halictidae Thomson, 1869 are enumerated including new localities in central Asia...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
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