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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387625/knowledge-attitude-and-awareness-among-diabetic-patients-in-davangere-about-the-association-between-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease
#1
Shruthi Mavinahally Shanmukappa, Priyadarshini Nadig, Rekha Puttannavar, Zeenath Ambareen, Triveni Mavinkote Gowda, Dhoom Singh Mehta
Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major public health problems. Association of diabetes and periodontitis is widely proven and can influence each other in the development and progression of the disease and its complications, which are largely preventable. Hence, if data could be collected on the knowledge and awareness about the association between DM and periodontal disease, the results could be applied in creating public health campaigns and can bring about lifestyle modification among people...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387624/pain-perception-and-personality-trait-toward-orthodontic-treatment
#2
Jaideep Singh, Pankaj Dixit, Prerana Singh, Neal Bharat Kedia, Manish Kumar Tiwari, Amit Kumar
Aim: The study was done to evaluate the pain perception, attitude, and personality trait of the patient toward orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional questionnaire survey, 100 patients were divided into Group 1, 150 (75 males and 75 females) as untreated group and Group 2, 150 as treated group (75 males and 75 females). Evaluation of the patients was done based on pain perception, attitude, and personality trait. Set of questionnaire was used to assess attitude and pain perception on visual analog scale...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387623/effect-of-popping-chocolate-and-candy-on-enamel-microhardness-of-primary-and-permanent-teeth
#3
Mitra Tabari, Homayoon Alaghemand, Durdi Qujeq, Elahe Mohammadi
Aims and Objectives: Dental erosion is a common disease in children. Food diets, due to high amounts of juice, soft drinks, chewing gum, and acidic chocolate, are one of the most important risk factors in erosive processes among children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of candy and chocolate on the microhardness of tooth enamel. Materials and Methods: Two types of popping candy and one type of popping chocolate were used in this study. Thirty-three healthy permanent premolar teeth and 33 primary incisor teeth (A or B) were selected...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387622/knowledge-attitude-and-perceived-confidence-in-the-management-of-medical-emergencies-in-the-dental-office-a-survey-among-the-dental-students-and-interns
#4
Haifa Fahad Albelaihi, Athar Ibrahim Alweneen, Abeer Ettish, Faleh Ali Alshahrani
Aims and Objectives: Many situations in the dental office can provoke medical emergencies. Lack of training and inability to overcome the medical emergencies can lead to serious consequences and legal actions. The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the knowledge, attitude, and perceived confidence of dental students and interns in the management of medical emergency. Materials and Methods: A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed to 153 of the undergraduate dental students and interns in Qassim province...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387621/the-relationship-between-number-of-natural-teeth-and-chewing-qat-habit-among-adult-yemeni-people-in-sana-a-a-pilot-study
#5
Sakhr A Murshid, Mohammed A Al-Labani
Aims and Objectives: Several studies have reported associations between the habit of chewing qat and the deterioration of periodontal health among adults in Yemen; however, qat's effect on the number of teeth has not yet been evaluated. The purpose of this observational study was to examine the relationship between the number of natural teeth and qat-chewing status among Yemeni participants. Materials and Methods: The participants were interviewed with a structured questionnaire by a researcher on the day of the dental check-up...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387620/comparative-evaluation-of-fracture-resistance-of-different-post-systems
#6
Mavari Karibasappa Saritha, Uttam Paul, Kiran Keswani, Ashu Jhamb, Swapnil Haribhau Mhatre, Pradyumna Kumar Sahoo
Aim: The study was done to evaluate the fracture resistance of carbon, glass fiber, and zirconia posts. Materials and Methods: Forty-five human premolars indicated for orthodontic extraction were subjected to root canal treatment and obturated with gutta-percha. All the teeth were decoronated and mounted in acrylic block. Then, teeth were equally divided into three groups: (a) carbon, (b) glass fiber, and (c) zirconia post group. Post space was prepared and particular post was cemented in post space...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387619/factors-affecting-the-survival-rate-of-dental-implants-a-retrospective-study
#7
Sonal Raikar, Pratim Talukdar, Sarala Kumari, Sangram Kumar Panda, Vinni Mary Oommen, Arvind Prasad
Aims and Objectives: Dental implants have emerged as new treatment modality for the majority of patients and are expected to play a significant role in oral rehabilitation in the future. The present study was conducted to assess various factors affecting the survival rate of dental implants. Materials and Methods: The present retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Prosthodontics. In this study, 5200 patients with dental implants which were placed during June 2008-April 2015 were included...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387618/fracture-resistance-of-tilted-premolars-restored-with-different-post-core-systems
#8
Khalid M Abdelaziz, Ashraf A Khalil, Ibrahim Y Alsalhi, Ali J Almufarrij, Ahmed Y Mojathel
Aims and Objective: To assess the effect of root tilt on the fracture resistance and failure pattern of endodontically-treated premolars restored with different post-core systems. Materials and Methods: Ninety endodontically-treated premolars were mounted in acrylic blocks with 0°, 12°, and 24° axial root tilt. Teeth in each group were restored in three subgroups with cast post-core, readymade metal posts and composite cores, and fiber post and composite cores...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387617/the-effect-of-health-education-program-based-on-health-belief-model-on-oral-health-behaviors-in-pregnant-women-of-fasa-city-fars-province-south-of-iran
#9
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Hassan Jamshidi, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Abolghasem Avand, Zahra Khiyali
Aims and Objectives: Pregnant women are at risk of dental caries and periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of health education program based on health belief model (HBM) on oral and dental hygiene behaviors in pregnant women in Fasa city. Materials and Methods: This is a clinical trial study carried out on 110 pregnant women selected using random sampling method from health centers in Fasa city in 2016 (55 patients in the experimental group and 55 individuals in control group)...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387616/perception-of-professional-female-college-students-towards-smile-arc-types-and-outlook-about-their-appearance
#10
Ibrahim AlShahrani
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the perception of female students about the type of smile arc as well as their outlook about different parameters of esthetics. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted among female students of King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia. One section of the questionnaire contained pictures having three types of smile arc wherein the respondents had to select any response ranging from 1 to 4 (1 for beautiful, 2 for good, 3 for average, and 4 for poor); besides it included 12 questions regarding the viewpoints of respondents about their smile and dental esthetics...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387615/orthodontics-and-dental-anatomy-three-dimensional-scanner-contribution
#11
Fidele Nabbout, Pascal Baron
Aims and Objectives: The objective of this article is to focus on the dental anatomy, its influence on therapeutic choices, and decision in orthodontics. Materials and Methods: A sample of 80 subjects was selected and analyzed. Through the usage of the three-dimensional scanner with the C2000-Cepha and Cepha3DT software, it is now possible to calculate the volume and the dimensions of both crown and root of each tooth and compare them to the literature. Data were collected and statistically evaluated with the StatView software (version 5...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387614/effectiveness-of-intellectual-distraction-on-gagging-and-anxiety-management-in-children-a-prospective-clinical-study
#12
Nahla Nassif Debs, Samia Aboujaoude
Objectives: The aim of the present prospective study is to determine the effect of an intellectual colored game (ICG) on the severity of gag reflex (GR) and anxiety in children during dental alginate impression. Materials and Methods: Forty-one children, aging between 5 and 11 years, having a GR varying from normal to moderate had upper alginate impressions. The children's anxiety was evaluated with a facial image scale (FIS) before (T0) and after first failed impression (T1), then, after playing an intellectual colored game (ICG) at T2, while taking an upper alginate impression...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387613/oral-health-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-sharjah-mothers-of-preschool-children-united-arab-emirates
#13
Noura Mahmoud, Mawlood Kowash, Iyad Hussein, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objective: The improvement of children's oral health, a world global health target, is essential to general health and quality of life. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of mothers toward their children's oral health in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional interview-based study was conducted among 383 mothers of preschool children (average age 3.49 [+1.63 years]) attending Sharjah Dental Center, UAE...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387612/expression-of-vascular-endothelial-cadherin-in-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-role-in-cancer-development
#14
Soussan Irani, Arash Dehghan
Objectives: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) accounts for 35% of all malignant salivary gland tumors. Previous investigations have shown that vasculogenic mimicry (VM) exists in many cancers which can be used as a prognostic factor of poor prognosis. Elevated expression level of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin has been implicated in cancer neovascularization, growth, and progression. The current study aimed to study the presence of VE-cadherin in VM channels and tumor cells in different grades of MEC...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285475/impact-of-oral-health-education-on-oral-health-knowledge-of-private-school-children-in-riyadh-city-saudi-arabia
#15
Abdulrahman Dahham Al Saffan, Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Abdul Aziz Alshammary, Mansour Assery, Ashraf Kamel, Ghousia Rahman
Aims and Objectives: To assess the early effect of oral health education on oral health knowledge of primary and intermediate school students of private schools by utilizing pre/post questionnaires data from oral health educational projects in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Second, to examine topic-specific knowledge differences between genders, nationalities, and educational levels of the students. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional oral health educational data of private school students (n = 1279) in primary and intermediate levels were extracted from the King Salman Centre for Children's Health (KSCCH) projects undertaken by Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285474/an-assessment-of-teaching-and-learning-practices-a-questionnaire-study-for-dental-educators-of-karnataka
#16
S Meenakshi, N Raghunath, H S Shreeshyla
Aims and Objectives: Faculty members of dental institutions are being asked to assume new academic duties for which they have received no formal training. To succeed in new teaching tasks, faculty development through assessment of teaching skills is essential. Materials and Methods: A Self-Assessment Questionnaire consisting 18 closed-ended questions was sent to various faculty members of dental colleges of Karnataka. A total of 210 faculty members volunteered to participate in the study...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285473/mother-s-work-status-on-children-s-bruxism-in-a-subset-of-saudi-population
#17
Rana Alouda, Maram Alshehri, Shoog Alnaghmoosh, Maryam Shafique, May Wathiq Al-Khudhairy
Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to determine if an association exists between mothers work status and her children's incidence of bruxism and habits related to bruxism. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through data collection of a questionnaire answered by 561 mothers' about their working status and their child's habits and behaviors. The survey consisted of 5 parts with a total of 34 questions: mother's information, child's behavior, child's sleeping pattern, mother's knowledge about bruxism, and child's medical history...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285472/screening-projects-for-oral-carcinoma-in-relation-to-health-education-and-patients-compliance-study-on-600-participants
#18
Stefania Leuci, Massimo Amato, Elena Calabria, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Michele Masucci, Michele Mignogna Davide
Aims and Objectives: The lack of information among the population regarding the existence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and the lack of attention and expertise in examining the oral cavity of dentists and clinicians still remain very worrying and could explain the high incidence of OSCC. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of awareness of OSCC among 600 participants from Southern Italy. Materials and Methods: A 13-question survey was prepared and distributed to 600 participants divided into two subgroups, the first one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive, and Odontostomatological Sciences, University Federico II of Naples, for the treatment of dental pathologies, and the second one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Internal Medicine of the Second University of Naples for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285471/brca1-2-mutations-in-salivary-pleomorphic-adenoma-and-carcinoma-ex-pleomorphic-adenoma
#19
Soussan Irani, Farahnaz Bidari-Zerehpoush
Objectives: It is hypothesized that carcinoma-ex-pleomorphic adenoma (Ca-ex-PA) is malignant from the beginning or is a malignant transformation of a recurrent or a long-standing pleomorphic adenoma (PA). The accumulation of genetic instabilities is suggested to be the main reason for malignant transformation in PA. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations in PA and Ca-ex-PA. Materials and Methods: A total of ninety salivary gland tumors (45 Ca ex-PA and 45 PA) were selected...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285470/oral-health-status-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates
#20
Haifa Al Hashmi, Mawlood Kowash, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four CP and 125 healthy children were recruited from special needs centers and private/public schools in Dubai. A dental examination for decayed-missing-filled teeth in primary dentition (dmft)/Decayed-Missing-Filled teeth in permanent dentition (DMFT) indices, simplified oral hygiene index, calculus index (CI), and oral debris index was conducted...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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