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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891319/hyaluronic-acid-hope-of-light-to-black-triangles
#1
Jyotsana Tanwar, Shital A Hungund
Interdental papilla construction, especially in the esthetic area, is one of the most challenging tasks. Interdental papilla loss might occur due to several reasons as a consequence of periodontal surgery or trauma. The purpose of this study is to report the reconstruction of lost interdental papilla using hyaluronic acid gel. Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan molecule with anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous properties on periodontal tissues invaded by submicrobial flora. It enhances wound healing and accelerates periodontal repair and regeneration...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891318/complication-of-improper-management-of-sodium-hypochlorite-accident-during-root-canal-treatment
#2
Fatemah Faras, Fawaz Abo-Alhassan, Abdullah Sadeq, Hisham Burezq
Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a common irrigation solution used in root canal treatment. It has strong antibacterial and tissue dissolving properties. Nevertheless, it has some serious complications, some of which are life-threatening. A young male presented with severe chemical burn of the right infraorbital area and partial necrosis of the hard palate resulting from extrusion of NaOCl during root canal treatment of the upper right 2(nd) molar tooth. The patient had a facial scar, and mucosal damage healed nearly completely...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891317/outcome-of-tobacco-cessation-in-workplace-and-clinic-settings-a-comparative-study
#3
Ramdas S Ransing, Dipak B Patil, Maruti B Desai, Asawari Modak
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Several biological, social, and cultural factors contribute to the poor outcome of tobacco cessation interventions. Inability to engage large number of participants is one of the major identifiable factors. The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of tobacco cessation interventions in the clinical and workplace settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we recruited 100 participants in tobacco cessation clinic (TCC) group and workplace group (50 participants in each)...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891316/histologic-and-histomorphometric-evaluation-of-two-grafting-materials-cenobone-and-itb-mba-in-open-sinus-lift-surgery
#4
Babak Amoian, Maryam Seyedmajidi, Hamidreza Safipor, Sediqe Ebrahimipour
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Alveolar ridge reduction caused after tooth extraction can be minimized through ridge preservation and application of graft materials. The aim of this study was to compare the histologic and histomorphometric aspects of bone particulated allografts, Cenobone and ITB-MBA, in the reconstruction of vertical alveolar ridge after maxillary sinus augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was performed among 20 patients. The participants were randomly divided into two groups of 10 participants...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891315/awareness-about-biomedical-waste-management-and-knowledge-of-effective-recycling-of-dental-materials-among-dental-students
#5
Rajeev Ranjan, Ruchi Pathak, Dhirendra K Singh, Md Jalaluddin, Shobha A Kore, Abhijeet R Kore
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Biomedical waste management has become a concern with increasing number of dental practitioners in India. Being health care professionals, dentists should be aware regarding safe disposal of biomedical waste and recycling of dental materials to minimize biohazards to the environment. The aim of the present study was to assess awareness regarding biomedical waste management as well as knowledge of effective recycling and reuse of dental materials among dental students...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891314/comparison-of-views-on-the-need-for-continuing-education-on-oral-cancer-between-general-dentists-and-oral-medicine-experts-a-delphi-survey
#6
S Leuci, M Aria, M Nicolò, G Spagnuolo, K Warnakulasuriya, M D Mignogna
OBJECTIVES: The role of dental professionals in screening for oral cancer has been limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the educational priorities of oral medicine specialists, general dental practitioners, and doctors of dental surgery with regards to the diagnosis and management of oral cancers and potential malignant disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This was a longitudinal survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Delphi survey was directed to a panel of 25 oral medicine specialists asking them to identify the major difficulties in diagnosing and managing patients with oral cancer or suspected malignancy...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891313/effect-of-oral-health-education-in-the-form-of-braille-and-oral-health-talk-on-oral-hygiene-knowledge-practices-and-status-of-12-17-years-old-visually-impaired-school-girls-in-pune-city-a-comparative-study
#7
K Bhor, V Shetty, V Garcha, G C Nimbulkar
AIM: To assess the effect of oral health education (OHE) in the form of Braille and combination with Oral health talk (OHT) on oral hygiene knowledge, practices, and status of 12-17 years old visually impaired school girls in Pune city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6-week comparative study was conducted among 74 residential visually impaired school girls aged 12-17 years, who were trained to read Braille. The participants were divided into two groups, namely, Group A (n = 37) receiving OHE only in the form of Braille and Group B (n = 37) receiving OHE in form of Braille and OHT at baseline, 2, and 4-week interval...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891312/evaluation-of-moyer-s-mixed-dentition-space-analysis-in-indian-children
#8
Kamalshikha Baheti, Prashant Babaji, Meer J Ali, Ashish Surana, Samvit Mishra, Madhulika Srivastava
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Tooth size prediction values are not universal for all ethnic and racial groups. The present study evaluated the applicability of Moyer's mixed dentition space analysis in the Marwari community of Rajasthan, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mesiodistal dimension of permanent mandibular incisors, maxillary and mandibular canine, and premolars of both sides were measured and averaged in 200 adolescents (100 males and 100 females) of the Marwari population in Rajasthan using digital Vernier caliper...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891311/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-coconut-oil-and-chlorhexidine-on-streptococcus-mutans-an-in-vivo-study
#9
Faizal C Peedikayil, Vimal Remy, Seena John, T P Chandru, Prathima Sreenivasan, Gufran Ahmed Bijapur
AIMS: Streptococcus mutans is the most common organism causing dental caries. Various chemotherapeutic agents are available that help in treating the bacteria, with each having their own merits and demerits. Recent research has shown that coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Therefore, the present was conducted to determine the antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and to compare it with chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of fifty female children aged 8-12 years were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891310/assessment-of-oral-health-attitudes-and-behavior-among-students-of-kuwait-university-health-sciences-center
#10
Dena A Ali
AIM: The aims of this study were to assess attitudes and behavior of oral health maintenance among students in four faculties (Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Allied Health) and to compare oral health attitudes and behavior of all students at Kuwait University Health Sciences Center (KUHSC) based on their academic level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students enrolled in the Faculties of Dentistry, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Allied Health at KUHSC were evaluated regarding their oral health attitudes and behavior by an e-mail invitation with a link to the Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory survey that was sent to all 1802 students with Kuwait University Health Sciences Center e-mail addresses...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891309/evaluation-of-dental-and-bone-age-in-iron-deficient-anemic-children-of-south-india
#11
Vinod Kumar, Harish Haridas, Prahlad Hunsigi, Umar Farooq, Sridhar R Erugula, Kranti K R Ealla
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Dental and bone age is very essential for the dental practitioner in planning treatments and is an extra source of information for the pediatrician, orthopedician, and endocrinologist. There are few published data regarding collation between dental age, bone age, and chronological age in iron-deficiency anemic children. This study has been undertaken to evaluate and compare dental age, bone age, and chronological age in children with iron-deficiency anemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred iron-deficiency anemic children were selected in the age group of 8-14 years...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891308/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-fluoride-varnish-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-in-reducing-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaque-of-children-an-in-vivo-study
#12
Shweta Chandak, Ashish Bhondey, Amit Bhardwaj, Jitesh Pimpale, Manisha Chandwani
AIM: To assess the comparative efficacy of fluoride varnish and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) complex visa viz. Streptococcus mutans in plaque, and thereby the role that these two agents could play in the prevention of dental caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cluster sample of 120 caries inactive individuals belonging to moderate and high caries risk group were selected from 3-5-year-old age group based on the criteria given by Krassee and were randomized to four groups, namely, fluoride varnish - Group I, CPP-ACP complex - Group II, mixture of CPP-ACP complex -Gourp III, and fluoride and routine oral hygiene procedures as control - Group IV...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891307/morphological-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-central-indian-population
#13
Neha Dwivedi, Anil Kumar Nagarajappa
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological study of palatal rugae pattern in a central Indian population and to determine sex differentiation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distinctive rugae patterns of the study population and determine the contribution of rugae patterns in gender identification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among a Central Indian population with a sample size of 500 participants...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891306/forces-in-initial-archwires-during-leveling-and-aligning-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Rajesh Kumar Reddy, Pavan K Katari, Tarun T Bypureddy, Venkata Naga Sri Harsha Anumolu, Yenugupalli Kartheek, Nemala R V Sairam
AIM: This in-vitro study measured the force deflection behavior of selected initial alignment archwires by conducting three-point bending tests under controlled tests. The study tested three wire designs, namely, co-axial multistranded stainless steel wires, nickel-titanium, and copper-nickel-titanium archwires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The archwires were ligated to a specially designed metal jig, simulating the arch. A testing machine (Instron) recorded activation and deactivation forces of different deflections at 37°C...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891305/single-file-reciprocating-systems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature-comparison-of-reciproc-and-waveone
#15
REVIEW
Rana Alsilani, Fatima Jadu, Dania F Bogari, Ahmed M Jan, Turki Y Alhazzazi
The introduction of single-file nickel-titanium (NiTi) reciprocating systems has been a major breakthrough in the field of endodontics. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the available reciprocating systems, Reciproc and WaveOne, using a meta-analysis with different parameters. A comprehensive electronic literature search for Reciproc and WaveOne using PubMed and Google scholar was initially conducted in September 2014 and updated in September 2016. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were then established...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891304/metastasis-to-the-oral-soft-tissues-a-review-of-412-cases
#16
REVIEW
Soussan Irani
The present review article analyzes the characteristics of metastases to the oral soft tissues from 1937 to 2015. An extensive literature search was performed. All variables such as age, gender, and primary and secondary tumor sites were analyzed. Metastases to the major salivary glands were not included in this review. In general, there were 412 metastatic lesions developed in the oral soft tissues. The male-to-female ratio was approximately 1.8:1. The mean age of the patients at diagnosis was 58. The lung was the most common primary site and the gingiva was the most common metastatic site...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652254/vertical-root-fracture-biological-effects-and-accuracy-of-diagnostic-imaging-methods
#17
REVIEW
Turki M Baageel, Emad Habib Allah, Ghaida T Bakalka, Fatima Jadu, Ibrahim Yamany, Ahmed M Jan, Dania F Bogari, Turki Y Alhazzazi
This review assessed the most up-to-date literature on the accuracy of detecting vertical root fractures (VRFs] using the currently available diagnostic imaging methods. In addition, an overview of the biological and clinical aspects of VRFs will also be discussed. A systematic review of the literature was initiated in December of 2015 and then updated in May of 2016. The electronic databases searched included PubMed, Emabse, Ovid, and Google Scholar. An assessment of the methodological quality was performed using a modified version of the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies tool...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652253/computed-tomography-will-the-slices-reveal-the-truth
#18
REVIEW
Harish Haridas, Abarajithan Mohan, Sravanthi Papisetti, Kranti K R Ealla
With the advances in the field of imaging sciences, new methods have been developed in dental radiology. These include digital radiography, density analyzing methods, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and nuclear imaging techniques, which provide high-resolution detailed images of oral structures. The current review aims to critically elaborate the use of CBCT in endodontics.
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652252/osteosarcoma-of-the-posterior-maxilla
#19
K Prabhusankar, Amol Karande, Jeethu J Jerry, Yousef Rishal
Osteosarcoma is a very uncommon tumor of the maxillofacial region. Due to the occurrence of the tumor at a young age and its aggressive nature, radical surgery forms the only modality of treatment. A combination of radiotherapy and postoperative chemotherapy has been used for the management of this tumor. A case report of osteosarcoma of the posterior maxilla in an adolescent with a 1-year disease-free follow-up is presented in this report.
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652251/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-different-polishing-systems-on-surface-roughness-of-composite-resin-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Rashmi G Chour, Aman Moda, Arpana Arora, Muhmmed Y Arafath, Vikram K Shetty, Yousef Rishal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Satisfactory composite restoration depends upon its smooth finish, quality of polishing agents, type of composite material used, and its composition. The present study evaluated the effect of different polishing systems on the surface roughness of composite resin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty discs of composite were prepared and equally subjected to different finishing and polishing procedures; (i) unpolished control group, (ii) sof-lex discs, (iii) diamond tips, and (iv) Astrobrush groups...
August 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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