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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584785/cytomorphometric-analysis-on-the-effects-of-components-of-orthodontic-appliances-on-the-epithelial-cells-of-the-buccal-mucosa
#1
P G Francis, Mathai Thomas, Vincy Antony, Muhammed Shaloob, K Jubin Hassan, Gazanafer Roshan
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the epithelial cells of buccal mucosa in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group included 30 healthy patients who were advised orthodontic treatment. Applying sterile cement spatula, scrapping of exfoliated buccal epithelial cells was performed from the middle part of the inner cheeks before starting the orthodontic treatment and at 1(st) week, 2(nd) week, 1 month, and 45 days after the treatment, followed by smearing and staining with Papanicolaou stain...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584784/could-salivary-cyclosporine-dosage-replace-the-whole-blood-cyclosporine-measurements-in-renal-transplant-patients
#2
Samia Aboujaoude, Marwan Masri, Sylvana Rizk, Souleima Chamat, Jad Farha, Zeina Majzoub
BACKGROUND: Cyclosporin (CsA) has been extensively used as the immunosuppressant of choice in renal transplantation. Currently available approaches to assess CsA levels, both in serum and blood, fail to accurately reflect the concentration of the pharmacologically active drug fraction. Free CsA levels in biological fluids (blood or saliva) have been advocated to play an important role. Traditional salivary CsA monitoring tests are based on available archaic salivary techniques that are nonspecific and require large amounts of saliva...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584783/association-between-nutritional-status-and-early-childhood-caries-in-indian-children
#3
H V N Sai Krishna, E Manaswini, Vijay Y Kumar, Pavani Bellamkonda, A S Kalyana Bhargava, Ramvilas Reddy Jaidupally
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the body mass index (BMI) status and to correlate between nutritional status and early childhood caries among 3-6-year-old children in Vikarabad, Telangana, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 350 children attending the outpatient department of Pedodontia in Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad. Caries experience was recorded using dmft index (WHO 1997); various anthropometric measures, such as weight, BMI, and height, were recorded as per the standard guidelines...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584782/quantification-and-measurement-of-changes-in-anxiety-level-in-preschool-children-and-their-mothers-through-multiple-visit-dental-treatment
#4
Anandamoy Bagchi, Banibrata Lahiri, Md Jalaluddin, Gunjan Kumar, Sanjib Das, Kanika Singh Dhull
AIM: The aims of the present study were to quantify anxiety and find the level of anxiety in the very 1(st) day of dental treatment and the pattern of change in the following visits and to find possible impact of maternal anxiety during dental treatment of their wards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 297 children aged 3-6 years visiting the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry of Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital for treatment...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584781/clinicopathological-profile-and-malignant-transformation-in-oral-lichen-planus-a-retrospective-study
#5
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Shyam Sundar Behura, Roquaiya Nishat, Kailash Chandra Dash, Lipsa Bhuyan, Sujatha Ramachandra
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the histopathologically diagnosed cases of oral lichen planus (OLP) in terms of age, gender, clinical variant, site, hyperpigmentation, systemic illness, grade of dysplasia, and associated malignant transformation. This study also intended to do a review of reported cases of OLP with malignant transformation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-three cases of histopathologically diagnosed OLP between 2010 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584780/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-phone-based-education-program-in-educating-mothers-as-oral-health-providers-in-two-regions-of-saudi-arabia
#6
Saleh Ali AlKlayb, Mansour K Assery, AlJohara AlQahtani, Madawy AlAnazi, Sharat Chandra Pani
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The penetration of mobile phone devices is widespread across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Recently, there has been evidence of the success of phone-based applications in the provision of preventive oral health care to children and their parents. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a mobile phone-based application in educating mothers of children aged below 6 years of age in preventive dental care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile phone-based application (iTeethey™) was developed for iPhone and Android and made freely available on Google Play and App Store...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584779/evaluation-of-surface-roughness-of-different-direct-resin-based-composites
#7
Nashaat Mohammed Magdy, Mohammed Zaheer Kola, Hamod Hussain Alqahtani, Mubarak Daghash Alqahtani, Abdullah Saud Alghmlas
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surface roughness of different resin-based composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three resin composites, one nanohybrid, one nanoceramic, and one bulk-fill resin-based composite, were used in this study. Cylindrical Teflon mold and 8 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness disc specimens were prepared. For each composite material, 15 discs were fabricated, with a total of sixty discs were obtained (n = 60). A glass slide 1-2 mm thick was placed over the strip before curing with the light-curing unit to flatten the surfaces...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584778/temporomandibular-joint-pain-clinical-presentations-and-response-to-conservative-treatments-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#8
Elijah Olufemi Oyetola, Olufunlola Motunrayo Adesina, Adeniyi Oluwadaisi, Adedotun Adewale, Opeyemi Adewole, E Anizoba
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to determine the prevalence, pattern of presentation, and response to conservative (medical) interventions among patients who presented with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain in a Nigerian teaching hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who presented in Oral Medicine and Periodontology Clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex on account of TMJ pain from January 2015 to December 2015 were recruited for the study...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584777/dental-and-skeletal-age-estimations-in-lebanese-children-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#9
Antoine Saadé, Pascal Baron, Ziad Noujeim, Dany Azar
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Assessing dental and bone ages is frequently required in a wide range of fields such as odontology, forensic science, as well as orthopedics. The aim of this study was to evaluate applicability of two methods of bone age assessment and two methods of dental age (DA) assessment for Lebanese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Skeletal age (SA) of 260 orthodontic patients (124 males, 136 females divided into four groups each) was consecutively assessed using Greulich and Pyle and Fishman's SMI methods...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584776/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-scale-of-oral-health-related-outcomes-for-5-year-old-children-with-a-low-income-sample-from-the-dominican-republic
#10
Ninoska Abreu-Placeres, Luis Eduardo Garrido, Leandro Edgardo Féliz-Matos
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct a thorough psychometric assessment and validation of a Spanish-adapted version of the Scale of Oral Health-Related Outcomes for 5-Year-Old-Children (SOHO-5). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 69 children aged 6 and 7 years attending a public school from a low-income community in the Dominican Republic. Outcomes consisted of SOHO-5 test scores and caries lesion severity scores, with the latter measured according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System criteria...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584775/evaluation-of-periodontal-status-and-treatment-needs-of-institutionalized-intellectually-disabled-individuals-in-lebanon
#11
Hicham A Diab, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Fouad Ayoub
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: No reported data is available on the periodontal health and treatment needs of the intellectually disabled in Lebanon. To evaluate the periodontal condition and treatment needs of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 272 individuals (141 males and 131 females) aged 15 years and 35-44 years were examined. Periodontal health was recorded following the community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN), and treatment need was assigned accordingly...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584774/nonthermal-plasma-in-dentistry-an-update
#12
REVIEW
Rajeev Ranjan, P V Krishnamraju, Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd
The recent enormous progress in understanding of plasma physics and development of plasma jet has attracted focus on the application of plasma in medicine and dentistry. Active plasma ions, electrons, and photons have the ability to activate and control various biochemical procedures. Nonthermal plasma (NTP) is widely used for various therapeutic applications in health care. Particularly in dentistry, NTP holds big potential such as for bacterial inactivation, efficient sterilization, and treatment of dental caries...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462186/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-hiv-patients-among-dentists
#13
R S Dhanya, Vijaya Hegde, S Anila, George Sam, Rajat R Khajuria, Rishav Singh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Discrimination by some health care workers, including dentists, against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons has been noted. The main aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards HIV patients among the dentists of Trichur district, Kerala. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 206 dentists practicing in Trichur district of Kerala. Data was collected using a pretested, self-administered 26-item questionnaire and was statistically analyzed using SPSS software version 20...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462185/a-survey-of-oral-health-in-institutionalized-population-with-intellectual-disabilities-comparison-with-a-national-oral-health-survey-of-the-normal-population
#14
Hicham A Diab, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Fouad Ayoub
INTRODUCTION: Compared to the general population, the intellectually-disabled (ID) experience poor health and inferior access to high quality health services. AIM: To compare the oral health of institutionalized ID Lebanese individuals to that of the normal Lebanese population (NLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caries and periodontal indices were recorded in 652 ID individuals (aged 6, 12, 15, and 35-44 years) residing in the 5 major Lebanese governorates...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462184/the-effects-of-economic-crisis-on-the-demand-and-supply-of-the-dental-services-in-greece
#15
Diamantopoulos Kostas, Niakas Dimitris
OBJECTIVES: This paper attempts to explore the impact of the economic crisis on the supply and demand of dental care services by listing the changes in costs for dental care as well as by the use of a questionnaire administered to dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Health Accounts System, the Household Budget Surveys of the Greek Statistical Authority, and a questionnaire distributed to dentists working as self-employed were used as analysis tools. The survey involved a total of 361 dentists from all the regions of the country...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462183/antibacterial-efficacy-of-tender-coconut-water-cocos-nucifera-l-on-streptococcus-mutans-an-in-vitro-study
#16
J N Rukmini, Sunkari Manasa, Chenna Rohini, Lavanya Putchla Sireesha, Sachan Ritu, G K Umashankar
OBJECTIVE: The antibacterial property of coconut, the presence of lauric acid, and the ability to extract antimicrobial peptides Cn-AMP (1, 2, and 3) from tender coconut water has drawn attention on its effectiveness in normal consumption. An in-vitro experimental study was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of tender coconut water in its natural state on Streptococcus mutans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh tender coconut water and pasteurized tender coconut water were taken as test samples, dimethyl formamide was used as the negative control, and 0...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462182/evaluation-of-temporomandibular-disorders-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery-therapeutic-considerations-on-a-sample-of-76-patients
#17
Carlo di Paolo, Giorgio Pompa, Paolo Arangio, Anna di Nunno, Stefano Di Carlo, Daniele Rosella, Piero Papi, Piero Cascone
OBJECTIVES: Temporomandibular disorders may be associated with dental and facial malformations. The aim of this study is to record the prevalence of TMDs in patients scheduled for orthognathic surgery, reporting the development of TMDs and symptoms during the entire period of the treatment, and demonstrating the benefits of a team effort on this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of temporomandibular status was performed using the RDC/TMD criteria at T0 (prior to orthodontic therapy), T1 (3 months after the surgery), and T2 post-therapeutic cycle (6 to 12 months postoperatively)...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462181/estimation-of-serum-triglycerides-serum-cholesterol-total-protein-igg-levels-in-chronic-periodontitis-affected-elderly-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
A V Saravanan, P L Ravishankar, Pradeep Kumar, K Rajapandian, V Kalaivani, M Prem Blaisie Rajula
AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the serum triglycerides, serum cholesterol, total protein, and IgG levels in elderly patients who were affected by periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital in the periodontics division. The study was conducted for a period of 3 months. This study is a prospective analytical study. Sixty individuals who were systemically healthy in the age group of 50 and above were included in this study...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462180/prevalence-of-dentinogenesis-imperfecta-in-a-french-population
#19
Antoine Cassia, Georges Aoun, Abbass El-Outa, Gérard Pasquet, Robert Cavézian
BACKGROUND: Dentinogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder of the dentin occurring during the tooth development. It leads to many structural changes that can be identified clinically (brownish colored teeth, cracked enamel) and radiologically (globular crown, cervical constriction, short roots, and obliterated pulp chamber and/or root canals). The aim of this study was to determine by panoramic radiographs assessment the incidence of dentinogenesis imperfecta in a group of patients attending a specialized maxillofacial imaging center in Paris, France...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462179/use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-management-of-periodontal-intra-osseous-defects-a-clinical-study
#20
Md Jalaluddin, Dhirendra K Singh, Ipsita Jayanti, Prasad Kulkarni, Mohamed Faizuddin, Fouzia Tarannum
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is characterized by the presence of gingival inflammation, periodontal pocket formation, loss of connective tissue attachment, and alveolar bone around the affected tooth. Alveolar bone support and attachment apparatus regeneration has been achieved through various processes and have given elusive results. An expedient and cost-effective approach to obtain autologous platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP)...
March 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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