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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430077/four-year-follow-up-of-increased-vertical-dimension-of-occlusion-using-resin-composites
#1
Cendrella Assaf, Jean Claude Fahd, Joseph Sabbagh
The objectives of this case report were to treat a severe loss of the vertical dimension of occlusion with indirect composite and to evaluate the durability of the restorations. A 55-year-old male complains from severe wear of teeth, leading to a change in normal occlusal plane. Two major treatment modalities were proposed to this patient; a conventional invasive crown placement with root canal treatments or a minimally invasive approach relying on adhesion. The latter was adopted and used to treat this patient...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430076/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-toward-impression-technique-and-materials-for-recording-impression-in-implant-placement-among-dental-practitioners-in-patna-city-bihar
#2
Ujjal Chatterjee, Ashish Srivastava, Abhinav Singh, Ankur Aggarwal, Chetan Jagdish, Akshat Sharma
Objectives: The present study is conducted to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards impression technique and materials for recording impression in implant placement among general dental practitioners. Materials and Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional questionnaire study. The study was conducted among general dental practitioners in Patna city in November-December 2017. Patna city was divided into five directions, which are north, south, east, west, and central...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430075/effect-of-recasting-on-physical-properties-of-base-metal-alloys-an-in-vitro-study
#3
Jittin James, Jose Julian, J Rahul, Gibi Babu Philip, Jinsa P Devassy, P B Reba
Aims and Objectives: This study aims to establish the outcome of recasting on tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and hardness of Nickel-chromium alloys. Materials and Methods: Fifty wax patterns were fabricated, using the lost wax technique, the measurements of which were standardized. They were categorized into five groups of ten each. Group I included samples casted with new alloy alone. Group II samples consisted of 75% new alloy and 25% once casted alloy...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430074/a-comparative-immunohistochemical-study-of-presence-and-distribution-pattern-of-stromal-myofibroblast-in-oral-dysplasia-and-in-different-grades-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Kalpajyoti Bhattacharjee, H C Girish, Sanjay Murgod, Alshame M J Alshame, K Shyamala, Vaidhehi N Nayak
Aims and Objectives: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common oral malignancy with a poor survival rate. Early tumorigenesis is marked by transdifferentiation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts (MFs), which is supported by growth factors and cytokines expressed by tumor cells. The expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) marker correlates with the activation of MFs. This study was undertaken to compare the frequency and distribution of αSMA immunoexpression in oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and OSCC...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430073/biomechanical-behavior-of-an-implant-system-using-polyether-ether-ketone-bar-finite-element-analysis
#5
Otávio Augusto Luitz Jaros, Geraldo Alberto Pinheiro De Carvalho, Aline Batista Gonçalves Franco, Simone Kreve, Paulo Augusto Batista Lopes, Sergio Cândido Dias
Aim and Objectives: This study assessed, through finite element analysis, the biomechanical behavior of an implant system using the All-on-Four® technique with nickel-chromium (M1) and polyether ether ketone (PEEK) bars (M2). Materials and Methods: Implants and components were represented in three-dimensional (3D) geometric models and submitted to three types of load: axial, oblique, and load on all teeth. The 3D models were exported to a computer-aided design-like software such as Solidworks 2016 (Dassault Systemes, Solidworks Corps, USA) for editing and Nonuniform Rational Basis Splines parametrization...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430072/comparison-of-cheiloscopy-and-rugoscopy-in-karnataka-kerala-and-manipuri-population
#6
Sangameshwar Manikya, V Sureka, M D Prasanna, Krantikiran Ealla, Sridhar Reddy, Padala Swetha Bindu
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare lip prints and palatal rugae pattern in Kerala, Karnataka, and Manipuri population. Materials and Methods: The study involved 180 individuals (60 each from Karnataka, Kerala, and Manipuri population). Lipstick was used to record lip prints, which were visualized by magnifying lens. Palatal rugae were recorded on maxillary casts of all subjects and analyzed following Kapali S et al .' s classification...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430071/factors-affecting-access-to-oral-health-care-among-adults-in-abha-city-saudi-arabia
#7
Mohammed Abdullah Almutlaqah, Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Navin Anand Ingle, Mansour K Assery, Majdah A Al Khadhari
Aims and Objectives: To investigate the self-reported access problems to dental care among adults in Abha city, KSA. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out among adults in Abha city, Saudi Arabia. A structured, close-ended, self-administered questionnaire elicited the access and utilization of dental care among a sample of adults. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 statistical software. The descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were performed to predict the variables associated with access and utilization of dental care...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430070/efficacy-of-a-self-designed-mobile-application-to-improve-child-dental-health-knowledge-among-parents
#8
Alaa Ahmad Alqarni, Haifa Musa Alfaifi, Najla Ahmed Aseeri, Thuraya Gadah, Rafi Ahmed Togoo
Objectives: The objective of the study is to develop a mobile-based application and assess its efficacy in improving child dental health knowledge of parents. Subjects and Methods: A mobile-based application (Your child's smile) was developed and made available on application-store and play store. This application provided all essential information to parents on child dental health prepartum and from infancy to adolescence. To assess improvement in parent's knowledge two similar pretested questionnaires were incorporated within the application, one to be filled at initial registration and other after the parents had utilized the application...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430069/histopathological-evaluation-of-dental-pulp-of-primary-teeth-pulpotomized-with-formocresol-with-without-a-capping-agent-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Fatemeh Kadkhodaei Oliadarani, Rosa Haghgoo, Fatemeh Mashhadiabbas, Mehrdad Kahvand
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the reaction of dental pulp of pulpotomized teeth with/without applying a capping agent. This study was performed as randomized clinical trial. Materials and Methods: This split-mouth clinical trial was conducted on eight pairs of primary canine teeth scheduled for extraction as part of orthodontic treatment. The teeth were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, canine teeth were restored with amalgam after pulpotomy with formocresol...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430068/bite-force-evaluation-in-complete-denture-wearer-with-different-denture-base-materials-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Mostafa I Fayad, Hussam Hakem T Alruwaili, Muhammad Sartaj Khan, Muhammad Nadeem Baig
Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the maximum bite force (MBF) with different denture base materials in completely edentulous patients. Materials and Methods: MBF was evaluated in randomly selected 100 completely edentulous patients. Patients were selected from the Outpatient Clinic, College of Dentistry, Aljouf University, Saudi Arabia. The patients were randomly divided into two equal groups: Group I (control group): Patient received a conventional heat-cured acrylic complete denture (Vertex™ Regular, Vertex-Dental B...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430067/comparison-of-light-emitting-diode-curing-unit-and-halogen-based-light-curing-unit-for-the-polymerization-of-orthodontic-resins-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Guneet Guram, Junaid Ahmed Shaik
Aims and Objectives: Conventionally, composites are cured using halogen-based light-curing units (LCUs). However, recently, light-emitting diode (LED) LCUs have been introduced commercially, claiming many advantages, yet producing comparable bond strength even when cured with single LED LCUs. This present study was undertaken to compare the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets bonded to teeth with conventional halogen LCU (3M ESPE Elipar 2500) and LED LCU (3M ESPE Elipar FreeLight 2) and to determine the site of bond failure...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430066/a-preliminary-investigation-into-the-dietary-and-oral-practices-associated-with-fractured-teeth-and-prostheses-in-a-trinidadian-population
#12
Shivaughn Maria Marchan, William Adam Joseph Smith
Objectives: This preliminary study seeks to determine the relationship between fractured teeth, restorations, prostheses, and specific dietary practices. Methodology: Anonymous questionnaires were randomly distributed to a convenience sample of Trinidadian adults at various locations around the country, after gaining consent. Data were analyzed using the software; Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for significant associations between various types of food and broken teeth or prosthesis using odds ratios...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430065/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-a-population-of-eastern-coast-of-south-india
#13
M Krishna Priya, P Srinivas, T Devaki
Objective/Aim: The aim of this study is to measure the association between oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) and habit of tobacco and alcohol in the population of Guntur city, Andhra Pradesh, South India. Material and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 participants in Guntur city with the habit of tobacco and alcohol consumption in various forms who were selected by stratified cluster random sampling technique. Guntur city was divided into four zones, that is, North, East, South, and West; and two administrative wards were randomly selected from each zone as clusters...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430064/effect-of-hyaluronic-acid-added-to-suture-material-and-its-relationship-with-bacterial-colonization-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Varma Rama Sudhir, Thomas Biju, Amitha Ramesh, Suleiman Ergieg, Salim Abou Fanas, Vijay Desai, Afrah Aldhanhani Mohammed, Malaz Abdulaziz Ahmed
Aims and Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli , in polyglycolic acid (PGA) 4-0 and silk sutures, with or without hyaluronic acid (HA) treatment. Materials and Methods: This in vitro study measured S. aureus and E. coli growth on PGA and silk sutures, through incubation in agar media for 24 h. The suture length was 10 cm and divided into three parts: A (8 h), B (16 h), and C (24 h), which were observed every 8 h, followed by suspension on a microscopic slide...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430063/nickel-titanium-rotary-instruments-development-of-the-single-file-systems
#15
REVIEW
Maryam Kuzekanani
Over the past two decades, the nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments have highly improved the quality of the cleaning and shaping of the root canals. The superelasticity and shape memory of these instruments reduce the possibility of the canal transportation along with saving the time for both the patients and the clinicians. Several commercial types of these instruments, produced by different manufacturers, have currently become available by modifying the characteristics of the wonder NiTi alloy and also the cross-sectional shapes, cutting edges, tapering and numbers and distances of the flutes of the instruments...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430062/the-relationship-between-salivary-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-dental-caries-in-children-a-meta-analysis-with-assessment-of-moderators
#16
REVIEW
Sharat Chandra Pani
Objective: There has been variation reported in literature examining the relationship between dental caries and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of saliva in children. This study aimed to systematically review the literature and conduct a meta-analysis of the association between dental caries and TAC in children. Methodology: A systematic review of literature was done using the PubMed, Medline, and EBSCO libraries. Of the total of 68 records found, 11 studies were qualitatively assessed in the final analysis...
September 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123773/a-self-reported-association-between-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-headaches-and-stress
#17
May Wathiq Alkhudhairy, Fatima Al Ramel, Ghufran Al Jader, Layla Al Saegh, Areej Al Hadad, Tumadhir Alalwan, Dhuha Al Shaikh, Malak Al Bandar
Aims and Objectives: Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is an umbrella term for a number of conditions in the area of the joint, temple, and masticatory system. Many of those with TMD also suffer from headaches and anxiety. The aims and objectives of this study were to determine if there exists an association between the Diagnostic Criteria of TMD (DC/TMD) symptom questionnaire and report of headaches as well as stress. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was implemented via the use of the DC/TMD symptom questionnaire and the perceived stress scale (PSS)...
July 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123772/comparative-study-using-papanicolaou-stain-and-silver-stained-nucleolar-organizer-region-counts-in-exfoliative-smear-of-oral-mucosa-in-bidi-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#18
Sheetal Prabhakar Mhaske, Kirti Pattanshetti, Kiran Jagtap, Priyanka Debta, Archana Lanje Misurya, Jaladhi Hemantkumar Patel
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the proliferative activity of exfoliated cells in bidi smoker's and nonsmoker's oral mucosa. Materials and Methods: The oral mucosal exfoliate smears were prepared from 40 individuals (20 nonsmokers and 20 smokers) with the age group ranging from 25 to 70 years, in and around Akola (Maharashtra). The Papanicolaou (PAP) stain and silver-stained nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) were used to prepare cytogenic smear to evaluate the presence of cytological alterations, suggestive of inflammation, dysplasia, keratinization, and proliferative activity of epithelial cells...
July 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123771/evaluation-of-clinical-parameters-in-implant-maintenance-phase-for-prevention-of-peri-implantitis
#19
Baburajan Kandasamy, Emmanuel P Samson, Ashfaq Yaqoob, Pragya Pandey, S Deenadayalan, Indrani Das
Aims and Objectives: Peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis are one of the common biological complications affecting implant success. The present study aimed to evaluate various clinical parameters during implant maintenance phase. Materials and Methods: The study included patients undergoing implant maintenance phase for 1-year follow-up. The study consists of a total of forty individuals with age ranging from 35 to 65 years. They were further categorized into two subgroups on the basis of their history, i...
July 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123770/to-determine-the-effect-of-chewing-gum-containing-xylitol-and-sorbitol-on-mutans-streptococci-and-lactobacilli-count-in-saliva-plaque-and-gingival-health-and-to-compare-the-efficacy-of-chewing-gums
#20
Swapnil Oza, Kreta Patel, Satish Bhosale, Ruchi Mitra, Rupam Gupta, Divya Choudhary
Aims and Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the effect of chewing gum containing xylitol and sorbitol on mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli count in saliva, plaque, and gingival health and to compare the efficacy of chewing gums. Materials and Methods: The study was designed as a double-blinded randomized uncontrolled clinical trial with two parallel arms. A total of 80 students consented and completed the study. The test group (X) received corresponding pellets with xylitol and the control group (S) was given pellets containing sorbitol and maltitol three times daily for 30 days...
July 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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