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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630068/erratum-knowledge-attitude-and-awareness-among-diabetic-patients-in-davangere-about-the-association-between-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 381 in vol. 7, PMID: 29387625.].
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629334/surgical-management-of-double-triple-mandibular-fractures-involving-the-condylar-segment-our-perspective
#2
Sunil S Nayak, Abhay Taranath Kamath
A series of surgical cases operated in our unit are considered to analyze and evaluate the different techniques and sequencing employed in the surgical management of double/triple mandibular fractures involving a condylar fracture. Deviating from the normal sequence of reducing and fixing the dentate segment first, we addressed the condylar segment first. A combination of different approaches for different cases such as a periangular with a vestibular, a preauricular and a retromandibular with a vestibular were used according to the type of fractures...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629333/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-dental-students-toward-occupational-blood-exposure-accidents-at-the-end-of-the-dental-training-program
#3
Abdelhadi Hbibi, Jalal Kasouati, Reda Charof, Souad Chaouir, Karima El Harti
Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding occupational blood exposure accidents (OBEA) among dental students at the end of the whole dental education program. Materials and Methods: The survey was performed using a student self-administered questionnaire during July 2015 in the dental teaching hospital in Rabat. It was conducted on 117 dental students registered in the 5th year. The results were analyzed by SPSS Software, Version 13...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629332/extent-of-awareness-regarding-oral-health-and-dental-treatment-needs-among-individuals-with-hearing-and-speech-impairments-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Mohammed Mustafa, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Shahad AlGhannam, Ibrahim Ali Mohammed AlQarni, Mohammed Abdullah AlAteeg, Sukumaran Anil
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the awareness level of the individuals with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb individuals), in relation to their oral health and dental treatment needs. Materials and Methods: The approach of stratified randomization method of sampling was used for the selection of participants. About 240 people with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb) were selected from four cities of Saudi Arabia, which includes AlKharj, Riyadh, Dammam and Abha...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629331/a-scanning-electron-microscope-evaluation-of-smear-layer-removal-and-antimicrobial-action-of-mixture-of-tetracycline-acid-and-detergent-sodium-hypochlorite-ethylenediaminetetraacetic-acid-and-chlorhexidine-gluconate-an-in-vitro-study
#5
K M Charlie, M A Kuttappa, Liza George, K V Manoj, Bobby Joseph, Nishin K John
Objectives: The main objective is to evaluate the efficiency in removal of smear layer of mixture of tetracycline, acid and detergent (MTAD), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and chlorhexidine gluconate by scanning electron microscope (SEM) evaluation and also to evaluate the antimicrobial action of the same irrigants against standard culture strains of Enterococcus faecalis . Materials and Methods: This study included 60 extracted permanent teeth with single root canal...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629330/an-evaluation-of-shear-bond-strength-of-admira-ormocer-as-an-alternative-material-for-bonding-orthodontic-brackets-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Altaf Hussian Thekiya, K R Aileni, Madhukar Reddy Rachala, Sathun Dharmender Reddy, K Sena Devi, Md Yaser Ahmed Khan
Objective: To evaluate shear bond strength (SBS) of Ormocer-bonded orthodontic brackets with self-etching primer (SEP) and conventional adhesive system and also to assess the amount of adhesive remaining on the tooth surface after debonding using adhesive remnant index (ARI). Materials and Methods: The study was done on 90 extracted human upper first permanent maxillary premolars. The study sample was categorized into three groups of 30 each to assess the SBS using three adhesives, Ormocer, SEP, and conventional adhesive system...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629329/relationship-between-physicochemical-properties-of-saliva-and-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-among-female-teachers-living-in-central-iran
#7
Amene Hosseini-Yekani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Javad Zavvar Reza, Ali Golkari
Objectives: There are inconsistent data about the association between saliva properties, dental caries, and periodontal status. In this study, we tried to examine the association between dental caries and periodontal status with salivary viscosity, flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity in adults. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, 450 female teachers were randomly selected from schools located in Yazd, Iran. Oral examinations were conducted, and unstimulated saliva samples were collected...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629328/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-health-care-providers-regarding-zika-virus-infection
#8
Swati Sharma, Apurva Tyagi, Sujatha Ramachandra, Lipsa Bhuyan, Kailash Chandra Dash, Malvika Raghuvanshi
Aims and Objectives: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys. The study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding ZIKV infection among rural health-care providers in Aligarh district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: A total of 600 health-care providers were selected through stratified random sampling in an interventional survey. A self-structured, closed-ended questionnaire was administered to each participant in two phases to record their demographic, professional characteristics, knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding ZIKV...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629327/fracture-resistance-of-ceramic-crowns-supported-with-indirect-chair-side-composite-cores
#9
Khalid M Abdelaziz, Cinderella K Keshk, Abdulkhaliq Alshadidi, Salman Mafraq, David F Murchison
Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the influence of indirect chair-side polymerization of resin composite cores on the fracture resistance of overlaying IPS e.max Press crowns. Materials and Methods: Root canals of 60 extracted premolars were prepared to receive #2 fiber posts after the crowns were sectioned 2 mm above the cervical line. In Groups 1-3 ( n = 10 each), posts were luted to the prepared dowel spaces using self-adhesive resin cement. Resin composite cores were then bonded and incrementally built-up using Filtek Z250 XT, Filtek P60, and Filtek P90 resin composites...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629326/association-of-anxiety-with-pain-perception-following-periodontal-flap-surgery
#10
Maryam Ahmadi, Amir Kiakojori, Sussan Moudi
Aims and Objectives: Dental pain and anxiety are important factors that prevent patients from seeking dental care. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between trait anxiety and state anxiety and also to determine the effects of age and sex on pain perception after periodontal flap surgery. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 50 patients who need periodontal flap surgery were assessed in a private periodontal specialty clinic in Babol city...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629325/the-antiplaque-efficacy-of-two-herbal-based-toothpastes-a-clinical-intervention
#11
Sudhir Rama Varma, Husam Sherif, Ahmed Serafi, Salim Abu Fanas, Vijay Desai, Eiyas Abuhijleh, Ahmad Al Radaidah
Aims: This study is the first of its kind in the United Arab Emirates, where these herbal plant extracts are commonly incorporated into toothpaste. The present study compares two herbal toothpastes (Meswak extract and tea tree oil [TTO]) and analyses their efficiency in reducing plaque accumulation. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 patients were examined for plaque and assigned a plaque score. They were then randomly assigned to use either Meswak-based toothpaste or TTO-based toothpaste...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629324/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-the-role-connective-tissue-growth-factor-in-drug-induced-gingival-overgrowth-in-response-to-phenytoin-cyclosporine-and-nifedipine
#12
A J Anand, Sivaram Gopalakrishnan, R Karthikeyan, Debasish Mishra, Shreeyam Mohapatra
Objective: To evaluate for the presence of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in drug (phenytoin, cyclosporine, and nifedipine)-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) and to compare it with healthy controls in the absence of overgrowth. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients were chosen for the study and segregated into study (25) and control groups (10). The study group consisted of phenytoin-induced (10), cyclosporine-induced (10), and nifedipine-induced (5) gingival overgrowth...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629323/anchorage-in-orthodontics-three-dimensional-scanner-input
#13
Fidele Nabbout, Pascal Baron
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this article is to re-evaluate anchorage coefficient values in orthodontics and their influence in the treatment decision through the usage of three-dimensional (3D) scanner. Materials and Methods: A sample of 80 patients was analyzed with the 3D scanner using the C2000 and Cepha 3DT softwares (CIRAD Montpellier, France). Tooth anatomy parameters (linear measurements, root, and crown volumes) were then calculated to determine new anchorage coefficients based on root volume...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629322/oral-pathology-in-forensic-investigation
#14
REVIEW
Thorakkal Shamim
Forensic odontology is the subdiscipline of dentistry which analyses dental evidence in the interest of justice. Oral pathology is the subdiscipline of dentistry that deals with the pathology affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. This subdiscipline is utilized for identification through oral and maxillofacial pathologies with associated syndromes, enamel rod patterns, sex determination using exfoliative cytology, identification from occlusal morphology of teeth, and deoxyribonucleic acid profiling from teeth...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387625/knowledge-attitude-and-awareness-among-diabetic-patients-in-davangere-about-the-association-between-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease
#15
Shruthi Mavinahally Shanmukappa, Priyadarshini Nadig, Rekha Puttannavar, Zeenath Ambareen, Triveni Mavinkote Gowda, Dhoom Singh Mehta
Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major public health problems. Association of diabetes and periodontitis is widely proven and can influence each other in the development and progression of the disease and its complications, which are largely preventable. Hence, if data could be collected on the knowledge and awareness about the association between DM and periodontal disease, the results could be applied in creating public health campaigns and can bring about lifestyle modification among people...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387624/pain-perception-and-personality-trait-toward-orthodontic-treatment
#16
Jaideep Singh, Pankaj Dixit, Prerana Singh, Neal Bharat Kedia, Manish Kumar Tiwari, Amit Kumar
Aim: The study was done to evaluate the pain perception, attitude, and personality trait of the patient toward orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional questionnaire survey, 100 patients were divided into Group 1, 150 (75 males and 75 females) as untreated group and Group 2, 150 as treated group (75 males and 75 females). Evaluation of the patients was done based on pain perception, attitude, and personality trait. Set of questionnaire was used to assess attitude and pain perception on visual analog scale...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387623/effect-of-popping-chocolate-and-candy-on-enamel-microhardness-of-primary-and-permanent-teeth
#17
Mitra Tabari, Homayoon Alaghemand, Durdi Qujeq, Elahe Mohammadi
Aims and Objectives: Dental erosion is a common disease in children. Food diets, due to high amounts of juice, soft drinks, chewing gum, and acidic chocolate, are one of the most important risk factors in erosive processes among children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of candy and chocolate on the microhardness of tooth enamel. Materials and Methods: Two types of popping candy and one type of popping chocolate were used in this study. Thirty-three healthy permanent premolar teeth and 33 primary incisor teeth (A or B) were selected...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387622/knowledge-attitude-and-perceived-confidence-in-the-management-of-medical-emergencies-in-the-dental-office-a-survey-among-the-dental-students-and-interns
#18
Haifa Fahad Albelaihi, Athar Ibrahim Alweneen, Abeer Ettish, Faleh Ali Alshahrani
Aims and Objectives: Many situations in the dental office can provoke medical emergencies. Lack of training and inability to overcome the medical emergencies can lead to serious consequences and legal actions. The aim of the study is to investigate and assess the knowledge, attitude, and perceived confidence of dental students and interns in the management of medical emergency. Materials and Methods: A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed to 153 of the undergraduate dental students and interns in Qassim province...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387621/the-relationship-between-number-of-natural-teeth-and-chewing-qat-habit-among-adult-yemeni-people-in-sana-a-a-pilot-study
#19
Sakhr A Murshid, Mohammed A Al-Labani
Aims and Objectives: Several studies have reported associations between the habit of chewing qat and the deterioration of periodontal health among adults in Yemen; however, qat's effect on the number of teeth has not yet been evaluated. The purpose of this observational study was to examine the relationship between the number of natural teeth and qat-chewing status among Yemeni participants. Materials and Methods: The participants were interviewed with a structured questionnaire by a researcher on the day of the dental check-up...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387620/comparative-evaluation-of-fracture-resistance-of-different-post-systems
#20
Mavari Karibasappa Saritha, Uttam Paul, Kiran Keswani, Ashu Jhamb, Swapnil Haribhau Mhatre, Pradyumna Kumar Sahoo
Aim: The study was done to evaluate the fracture resistance of carbon, glass fiber, and zirconia posts. Materials and Methods: Forty-five human premolars indicated for orthodontic extraction were subjected to root canal treatment and obturated with gutta-percha. All the teeth were decoronated and mounted in acrylic block. Then, teeth were equally divided into three groups: (a) carbon, (b) glass fiber, and (c) zirconia post group. Post space was prepared and particular post was cemented in post space...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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