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Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911068/assessment-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-for-complex-mandibular-defects-rehabilitated-with-computer-guided-implant-restoration
#1
Parithimar Kalaignan, Jaya Shree Mohan, Arun Jayakumar
The individuals who have been afflicted with mandibular defects involving soft and hard tissue loss are subjected to functional, psychological and social consequences. Rehabilitation is of prime importance in restoring self confidence and improving the quality of life. Complex mandibular defects can be successfully rehabilitated with the three dimensional (3D) computerized diagnostic technique (Simplant-Dentsply sirona implant). one of the important tools for measuring the oral health status by scale knows as oral health impact profile (OHIP)...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911067/molar-protraction-using-miniscrews-temporary-anchorage-device-with-simultaneous-correction-of-lateral-crossbite-an-orthodontic-case-report
#2
Kavitha Odathurai Marusamy, Saravanan Ramasamy, Othman Wali
Early loss of permanent teeth, congenitally missing lateral incisors or second premolars, extremely displaced or impacted canines, all result in a reduced upper dentition. That leads to the development of crossbite in the maxillary dentition. Partial denture prosthesis, dental implants, and space closure by fixed orthodontics are the various means of treating the edentulous spaces. Protraction of molars is time taking and challenging. Temporary anchorage device (TAD) helps to protract molars without anchorage loss...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911066/the-evaluation-and-clinical-efficiency-of-power-scope-an-original-research
#3
Tony Antony, Vivek Amin, Shourya Hegde, Shreya Hegde, Deepa Shetty, Mohammadi Begum Khan
Aims and Objectives: Managing mild-to-moderate Class II malocclusion is one of the common and major challenges to orthodontists. Class II discrepancies with mandibular deficiency during active growth are usually treated using myofunctional appliances. Fixed functional appliances evolved due to the noncompliance with conventional myofunctional appliances. One of the latest Class II correctors is the PowerScope appliance. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount, time, and rate of molar correction and efficacy of PowerScope...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911065/three-dimensional-cone-beam-computed-tomography-assessment-of-additional-canals-of-permanent-first-molars-a-pinocchio-for-successful-root-canal-treatment
#4
Rayan Alswilem, Anas Abouonq, Azhar Iqbal, Sarah Sulaiman Alajlan, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
Aims and Objectives: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of additional canals in the first permanent molars of the participants of Saudi, Jordanian, and Egyptian population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, CBCT scans of 139 patients were collected who were implant treated at College of Dentistry, Al Jouf University, Saudi Arabia, from October 2016 to March 2017. The images were analyzed using On-Demand 3D software...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911064/evaluation-of-satisfaction-perceived-by-prosthetic-patients-compared-to-clinical-and-technical-variables
#5
Ettore Epifania, Roberto Sanzullo, Roberto Sorrentino, Pietro Ausiello
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to relate the clinical quality of the complete denture and specific anamnestic factors to the level of satisfaction perceived by patients. Also identifying possible prognostic parameters that could be predictive of future satisfaction. Materials and Methods: On the basis of a substantial existing literature, the most appropriate parameters to determine the prosthetic quality have been determined to evaluate the satisfaction perceived by patients about their denture; a completely new questionnaire has been drawn up...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911063/canal-straightening-following-overinstrumentation-with-three-nickel-titanium-rotary-instruments
#6
Salwa Yammine, Edgard Jabbour, Franck Diemer, Zeina Majzoub
Aim: The aim of the present in vitro study to compare canal straightening following shaping of curved canals with three types of new generation nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments-ProTaper Next (PTN)® , BT RaCe (BTR)® , and WaveOne Gold (WOG)® - and three different levels of protrusion beyond the major apical foramen. Materials and Methods: Forty-five extracted human maxillary and mandibular molars with at least one curved canal were distributed in three comparable groups of 15 canals each...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911062/prevalence-and-distribution-of-radix-paramolaris-in-the-mandibular-first-and-second-molars-of-an-iranian-population
#7
Maryam Kuzekanani, Reza Najafipour
Objectives: Inability to find supernumerary roots is one of the most important reasons for root canal therapy failures in molar teeth. This research aimed to determine the incidence and distribution of radix paramolaris in permanent mandibular molars of the population of Kerman. Iran over 2016-2017. Materials and Methods: This study was performed on a collection of 500 extracted permanent mandibular first and second molars selected by random from different dental centers in Kerman without recording the sex and age of the patients as inclusion criteria...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911061/orthodontic-treatment-need-in-higher-primary-schoolchildren-of-central-bengaluru-india
#8
Jyothi Shashidhar, Shashidhar Chandrashekhar
Aims and Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the orthodontic treatment need in 11-14-year-old schoolchildren of Central Bengaluru, India, using the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) and to analyze the treatment needs between males and females and correlation between the esthetic to aesthetic (AC) and dental health component (DHC) of IOTN. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 500 schoolchildren (187 females and 313 males) who had not undergone orthodontic treatment...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911060/salivary-and-serum-aspartate-aminotransferases-and-alanine-aminotransferases-in-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus-and-normal-children-a-comparative-study
#9
K S Vinod, Lal P Madathil, Pushparaja Shetty, Harsimran Kaur, Mimansha Patel, Abhishek Gouraha
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to estimate and compare aspartate aminotransferases (AST) and alanine aminotransferases (ALT) levels in saliva and serum of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and normal children, and the objective was to evaluate the significance of these enzymes in assessing the salivary gland injury in IDDM children. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of thirty children clinically and biochemically diagnosed for IDDM and thirty healthy children of similar age in the control group...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911059/comparison-between-growth-patterns-and-pharyngeal-widths-in-different-skeletal-malocclusions-in-south-indian-population
#10
K Bhagya Lakshmi, Sri Harsha Yelchuru, V Chandrika, O G Lakshmikar, V Lakshmi Sagar, G Vivek Reddy
Aim: The main aim is to determine whether growth pattern had an effect on the upper airway by comparing different craniofacial patterns with pharyngeal widths and its importance during the clinical examination. Methodology: Sixty lateral cephalograms of patients aged between 16 and 24 years with no pharyngeal pathology or nasal obstruction were selected for the study. These were divided into skeletal Class I ( n = 30) and skeletal Class II ( n = 30) using ANB angle subdivided into normodivergent, hyperdivergent, and hypodivergent facial patterns based on SN-GoGn angle...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911058/prevalence-of-soft-tissue-lesions-among-women-in-sex-work-in-the-red-light-area-of-pune-india-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Sanaa Wadwan, Noopur Rajiv Joglekar, Shanthi Margabandhu
Aim and Objective: The women in sex work have no felt need for oral health and much of the stress has always been on sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is a need for a baseline data for the oral lesions of these women to further assist in the policy formulations and training of personnel for the identification of the oral conditions which need treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of oral lesions among female sex workers in the red light area of Pune, India...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911057/antifungal-efficacy-and-the-mechanical-properties-of-soft-liners-against-candida-albicans-after-the-incorporation-of-garlic-and-neem-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Seenivasan Madhan Kumar, V Anand Kumar, Parathasarthy Natarajan, Gayathri Sreenivasan
Objectives: To evaluate the in vitro growth inhibition of Candida albicans , in the soft-liner material and Shore A hardness from resin-based denture soft lining materials modified by neem or garlic incorporation. Materials and Methods: Resin discs were prepared with poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and soft liners incorporated with varying concentrations of neem or garlic. For antifungal activity, resin discs were placed on agar plates inoculated with C. albicans and were evaluated after 2, 4, and 7 days using the streaking method...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911056/the-public-dental-service-in-sweden-an-interview-study-of-chief-dental-officers
#13
Raimo Pälvärinne, Dowen Birkhed, Eeva Widström
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate how the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Sweden has managed to maintain a market position at a time of change in political ideologies and increased competition from a growing private sector. Materials and Methods: All Chief Dental Officers (CDOs), who had held this leading position for at least 5 years ( n = 22), were asked to participate in a semi-structured telephone interview. Sixteen of the 22 CDOs participated in this study...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911055/knowledge-and-practices-related-to-hepatitis-b-infection-among-dental-and-oral-hygiene-students-at-a-university-in-pretoria
#14
Thomas Khomotjo Madiba, Ntombizodwa Rosemary Nkambule, Tsholofelo Kungoane, Ahmed Bhayat
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and practices of dental and oral hygiene (OH) students related to the transmission and prevention of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods: A cross-sectional analytical design was used and all dental and OH students registered at a university in Pretoria in 2017 were asked to participate. Students were classified as either clinical (senior students who were treating patients) or nonclinical (junior students who had not yet started treating patients) depending on their year of study...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911054/is-silver-diamine-fluoride-effective-in-preventing-and-arresting-caries-in-elderly-adults-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Gireesh Kumar Subbiah, Nithin Manchery Gopinathan
Aim: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has invoked interest in recent times due to its remineralization capacity and non-invasive application procedure. The aim of this systematic review was to report the findings concerning the effectiveness of SDF in managing caries in the elderly adults. Materials and Methods: A systematic search of publications was conducted using four databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and CENTRAL. The key MeSH term combinations used were (silver diamine fluoride) AND (caries) AND (elderly)...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780746/a-novel-herbal-formulation-versus-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-in-efficacy-against-oral-microflora
#16
K S Vinod, K S Sunil, Priyanka Sethi, Ram Chand Bandla, Subhasini Singh, Deepak Patel
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare and to analyze the antimicrobial efficacy of 0.12% chlorhexidine and new formulated herbal mouthwash after using for 14 days. The objective was to signify whether the noval herbal combination could be a better alternative mouthwash to Chlorhexidine (CHX). Materials and Methods: This is a double-blinded, random controlled research study conducted in the Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology. A total of 200 dental students were selected randomly, comprising of two groups, 100 in each, aged between 18 and 22 years with gingival index of score II...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780745/impact-of-minimal-root-canal-taper-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-bicuspids
#17
Carla Zogheib, Germain Sfeir, Gianluca Plotino, Gustavo De Deus, Maha Daou, Issam Khalil
Objective: Minimal invasive endodontics preserve coronal and radicular tooth structure to increase the fracture resistance of teeth. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of final preparation taper on the fracture resistance of maxillary premolars. Materials and Methods: Sixty maxillary premolars were selected and divided into 2 groups: 30 were shaped with a final apical diameter 30 and a 4% taper and 30 with 6% taper using iRaCe® instrument (FKG dentaire, Switzerland)...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780744/employing-dimensional-disparity-of-teeth-to-establish-the-gender-in-odisha-population-a-dimorphic-study
#18
Kailash Chandra Dash, Abikshyeet Panda, Shyam Sundar Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Lipsa Bhuyan, Alokenath Bandopadhyay
Aims and Objectives: Determination of sex is one of the most important and crucial steps in forensic science. Sexual dimorphism using odontometric analysis is found to vary in different populations making it necessary to attain values of a specific population which helps the identification possible. This present study attempts to establish sexual dimorphism using odontometric analysis in Odisha population. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 subjects (100 male and 100 female) between ages 18 and 25 years were included in the study...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780743/detection-of-ostecalcin-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-in-a-group-of-orthodontic-patients
#19
Najwa Adeeb Nassrawin
Aim: To detect osteocalcin (OC) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and to monitor the concentration of OC at what stage inflammation and bone resorption reaches their maximum following orthodontic activation. Materials and Methods: GCF samples were collected from six adult orthodontic patients (mean age = 22.3, range 20-24 years) on 3, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days after activation of orthodontic appliance, from the tooth surface where bone resorption was expected to occur...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780742/caries-risk-assessment-of-12-13-year-old-government-and-private-school-going-children-of-mysore-city-using-cariogram-a-comparative-study
#20
Sandhya P Naik, Shabna Moyin, Bhakti Patel, Lata Prabhu Warad, Sameer Punathil, C B Sudeep
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the caries risk assessment of 12-13-year-old government and private school going children of Mysore city using Cariogram. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional examination was carried out on a total of 104 government and private schoolchildren aged 12-13 years. Ten factors from the Cariogram software(D Bratthall, Computer software, Malmo, Sweden) were included from study participant's records to complete the Cariogram. The percentage of "chances of avoiding new lesions" (caries risk) among government and private school study participants were obtained from Cariogram, and the participants were classified into five risk groups...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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