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Biologics in Therapy

Helen Fowler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Biologics in Therapy
Nazia Rashid, Paul Saenger, Yi-Lin Wu, Heike Woehling, Matthew Frankel, Fima Lifshitz, Michael Muenzberg, Robert Rapaport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Gert-Jan Braunstahl, Janice Canvin, Guy Peachey, Chien-Wei Chen, Panayiotis Georgiou
INTRODUCTION: Inadequately controlled asthma is associated with increased healthcare resource utilization. The eXpeRience registry was initiated to evaluate real-world outcomes in patients receiving omalizumab for uncontrolled persistent allergic asthma. The current analysis of data from the eXpeRience registry focuses on healthcare resource utilization and on absences from work or school. METHODS: The eXpeRience was a 2-year, multinational, non-interventional, observational registry conducted to investigate real-world outcomes among patients receiving omalizumab in accordance with country-specific prescribing criteria for the treatment of uncontrolled persistent allergic asthma...
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Jagdev Sidhu, Mikhail Rojavin, Marc Pfister, Jonathan Edelman
INTRODUCTION: Standard treatment for patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) is monthly intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), or weekly/biweekly subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) infusion. We used population pharmacokinetic modeling to predict immunoglobulin G (IgG) exposure following a broad range of SCIG dosing regimens for initiation and maintenance therapy in patients with PID. METHODS: Simulations of SCIG dosing were performed to predict IgG concentration-time profiles and exposure metrics [steady-state area under the IgG concentration-time curve (AUC), IgG peak concentration (C max), and IgG trough concentration (C min) ratios] for various infusion regimens...
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Nazia Rashid, Paul Saenger, Yi-Lin Wu, Heike Woehling, Matthew Frankel, Fima Lifshitz, Michael Muenzberg, Robert Rapaport
INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted using an integrated retrospective database to evaluate the effectiveness of Omnitrope(®) (Sandoz) on children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), idiopathic short stature (ISS), and Turner Syndrome (TS) who switched from a non-Omnitrope recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) preparation during routine clinical care. METHODS: This was a retrospective study which identified patients with GHD, ISS, and TS during the study time period of January 1, 2006 and July 31, 2011...
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Brigitte Siani, Katharina Willimann, Sandra Wymann, Adriano A Marques, Eleonora Widmer
INTRODUCTION: Hemolysis is considered a class effect and a rare adverse event that can occur following therapy with human normal immunoglobulin for intravenous administration [i.e., intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)]. Anti-A/B isoagglutinins (also referred to as isohemagglutinins) originating from donor plasma are present in polyvalent immunoglobulin G (IgG) products and are considered a probable risk factor for hemolysis. We hypothesized that, by excluding plasma from donors with high isoagglutinin titers, the final IVIG product would have a meaningful reduction in anti-A/B isoagglutinin titers...
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Mats Ekelund, Christopher Bidad, Roy Gomez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Hans-Peter Schwarz, Dorota Birkholz-Walerzak, Mieczyslaw Szalecki, Mieczyslaw Walczak, Corina Galesanu, David Metreveli, Jasmin Khan-Boluki, Ellen Schuck
BACKGROUND: This prospective, open-label, non-comparative, multicentre, long-term phase IV study is examining the efficacy and safety of somatropin [recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH)] in short children born small for gestational age (SGA) and its impact on the incidence of diabetes. This report is the first interim analysis of patients who have completed 1 year of treatment. METHODS: A total of 278 pre-pubertal patients were enrolled. Key eligibility criteria included height standard deviation score (HSDS) <-2...
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Fumio Fukuda, Naoaki Kurinomaru, Akihiko Hijioka
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of atypical femur fractures (AFFs) in patients on prolonged bisphosphonate treatment has been gaining medical attention, but the use of pharmacotherapy for these fractures has not been explored in detail. The authors describe a case of AFFs successfully treated with once-weekly administration of 56.5 μg teriparatide (TPTD). CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 74-year-old female patient who had been taking alendronate for approximately 6 years and who suffered with a fall while walking...
December 2014: Biologics in Therapy
Mohammad A Chaudhary, Tao Fan
INTRODUCTION: Infliximab is registered for the treatment of moderate-to-severe active ulcerative colitis (UC) adult patients who have had an inadequate response, or are intolerant, or have medical contraindications to therapy including corticosteroids and 5-aminosalicylates or thiopurines (6-mercaptopurine [6-MP] or azathioprine [AZA]). The authors estimate the costs and effects and evaluate the cost-effectiveness of infliximab at the licensed dose of 5 mg/kg versus cyclosporine or surgery for the treatment of adult Dutch patients hospitalized with acute exacerbations of UC, refractory to intravenous steroids...
2013: Biologics in Therapy
Carl-Erik Flodmark, Katarina Lilja, Heike Woehling, Kajsa Järvholm
INTRODUCTION: A new treatment plan was implemented at Skåne University Hospital, on economic grounds, for children requiring recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) treatment. This involved switching patients from treatment with originator rhGHs to treatment with a biosimilar rhGH, somatropin (Omnitrope(®)), using a Dialogue Teamwork approach. The feasibility of using this approach to implement the switch of treatment was assessed, as well as the impact of the switch on treatment efficacy and cost of therapy...
2013: Biologics in Therapy
Maria H P Dietvorst, Ferry A L M Eskens
Worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most frequently diagnosed cancer in men and the second in women. Metastatic disease develops in more than half of the patients and carries a poor prognosis. Over the past three decades, significant advances have been made in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The development of new cytotoxic agents and the incorporation of target-specific agents in first-, second-, third-, and nowadays even fourth-line treatment has prolonged median overall survival up to 24-28 months...
2013: Biologics in Therapy
Guilherme Fleury Perini, Barbara Pro
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have become an effective treatment strategy for hematologic malignancies. CD30 is a rational target for therapy due to its limited expression on normal tissues and the strong and uniform expression on malignant cells in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL) and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). Brentuximab vedotin, an anti-CD30 antibody-drug conjugate, utilizes the targeting properties of mAb to deliver a cytotoxic agent inside the malignant cell. Brentuximab vedotin has significant clinical activity in patients with relapsed or refractory cHL and relapsed or refractory ALCL, and has the potential to represent a significant advance in modern oncology...
2013: Biologics in Therapy
Pamela R Puthoor, Edwin F de Zoeten
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that has significant morbidities in the pediatric population. Goals of medical therapy include induction and maintenance of remission while preserving the colon and it's function, while minimizing the risk of treatment related morbidities. For those children who do not respond to initial therapies and progress to develop moderately-to-severely active UC, there has been a dearth of available treatments to help induce remission, necessitating long-term corticosteroid usage, with associated comorbidities of chronic steroid treatment...
2013: Biologics in Therapy
Henriette Farkas, Lilian Varga
Hereditary angioedema resulting from the deficiency of the C1 inhibitor (HAE-C1-INH) is a rare, but potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by paroxysmal episodes of subcutaneous or submucosal edema. Early diagnosis is essential. Management is aimed at the prompt elimination of full-fledged attacks, as well as at the prevention of edematous episodes. The most straightforward means for therapy is supplementation with the deficient C1-INH protein. Placebo-controlled and open clinical studies have established that nanofiltered, human C1-INH concentrate, Cinryze® (ViroPharma Inc...
2012: Biologics in Therapy
Kriti Mittal, Laura S Wood, Brian I Rini
Targeted agents have revolutionized the management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Axitinib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), has been an important addition to currently available therapies for advanced RCC. Its ability to inhibit VEGFRs at nanomolar concentrations distinguishes it as a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with increased selectivity for VEGFR-1, 2, and 3 at clinically applicable concentrations. The phase 3 AXIS trial has established its superiority in prolonging progression-free survival (PFS) in previously treated RCC patients (median PFS 6...
2012: Biologics in Therapy
Raafay Sophie, Abeer Akhtar, Yasir J Sepah, Mohamed Ibrahim, Millena Bittencourt, Diana V Do, Quan Dong Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: In the western hemisphere, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual loss in the elderly. Currently approved therapies for AMD include argon laser, photodynamic therapy, and antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy. The index review discusses aflibercept (VEGF Trap-Eye) in the context of current anti-VEGF therapies for neovascular AMD and other retinal vascular diseases. It highlights important differences between VEGF Trap-Eye and currently used anti-VEGF therapies for neovascular AMD; and discusses the efficacy of these treatments utilizing information from landmark clinical trials...
2012: Biologics in Therapy
Andreas Reiff
With the recent approval of tocilizumab as the first biologic for the treatment of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), an important unmet medical need for this historically challenging disease has now been met. The purpose of this review article is to revisit the established therapeutic options for sJIA, to summarize the history of the clinical trials with tocilizumab, and to discuss its role in the treatment of sJIA.
2012: Biologics in Therapy
Tomasz Romer, Markus Zabransky, Mieczyslaw Walczak, Mieczyslaw Szalecki, Sigrid Balser
INTRODUCTION: Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) is effective and safe when used to treat growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in children. However, it has been suggested that switching between different types of rhGH can have a detrimental effect on patients. METHODS: The current analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of rhGH in children who received continuous Omnitrope® (Sandoz GmbH, Kundl, Austria) therapy either with lyophilized powder for solution or ready-to-use solution, with children who received 9 months of treatment with Genotropin® (Pfizer Limited, Sandwich, UK) followed by Omnitrope solution thereafter...
2011: Biologics in Therapy
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