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IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems

Filippo Maria Bianchi, Lorenzo Livi, Cesare Alippi
In this paper, we elaborate over the well-known interpretability issue in echo-state networks (ESNs). The idea is to investigate the dynamics of reservoir neurons with time-series analysis techniques developed in complex systems research. Notably, we analyze time series of neuron activations with recurrence plots (RPs) and recurrence quantification analysis (RQA), which permit to visualize and characterize high-dimensional dynamical systems. We show that this approach is useful in a number of ways. First, the 2-D representation offered by RPs provides a visualization of the high-dimensional reservoir dynamics...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Luis A Vazquez, Francisco Jurado, Carlos E Castaneda, Victor Santibanez
This paper presents a continuous-time decentralized neural control scheme for trajectory tracking of a two degrees of freedom direct drive vertical robotic arm. A decentralized recurrent high-order neural network (RHONN) structure is proposed to identify online, in a series-parallel configuration and using the filtered error learning law, the dynamics of the plant. Based on the RHONN subsystems, a local neural controller is derived via backstepping approach. The effectiveness of the decentralized neural controller is validated on a robotic arm platform, of our own design and unknown parameters, which uses industrial servomotors to drive the joints...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Nian Liu, Junwei Han, Tianming Liu, Xuelong Li
Eye movements in the case of freely viewing natural scenes are believed to be guided by local contrast, global contrast, and top-down visual factors. Although a lot of previous works have explored these three saliency cues for several years, there still exists much room for improvement on how to model them and integrate them effectively. This paper proposes a novel computation model to predict eye fixations, which adopts a multiresolution convolutional neural network (Mr-CNN) to infer these three types of saliency cues from raw image data simultaneously...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Wen-Liang Hwang, Keng-Shih Lu, Jinn Ho
The blind source separation (BSS) problem extracts unknown sources from observations of their unknown mixtures. A current trend in BSS is the semiblind approach, which incorporates prior information on sources or how the sources are mixed. The constrained independent component analysis (ICA) approach has been studied to impose constraints on the famous ICA framework. We introduced an alternative approach based on the null space component (NCA) framework and referred to the approach as the c-NCA approach. We also presented the c-NCA algorithm that uses signal-dependent semidefinite operators, which is a bilinear mapping, as signatures for operator design in the c-NCA approach...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Filipe Alves Neto Verri, Paulo Roberto Urio, Liang Zhao
The emergence of collective dynamics in neural networks is a mechanism of the animal and human brain for information processing. In this paper, we develop a computational technique using distributed processing elements in a complex network, which are called particles, to solve semisupervised learning problems. Three actions govern the particles' dynamics: generation, walking, and absorption. Labeled vertices generate new particles that compete against rival particles for edge domination. Active particles randomly walk in the network until they are absorbed by either a rival vertex or an edge currently dominated by rival particles...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Jin-Liang Wang, Huai-Ning Wu, Tingwen Huang, Shun-Yan Ren, Jigang Wu
This paper considers a complex dynamical network model, in which the input and output vectors have different dimensions. We, respectively, investigate the passivity and the relationship between output strict passivity and output synchronization of the complex dynamical network with fixed and adaptive coupling strength. First, two new passivity definitions are proposed, which generalize some existing concepts of passivity. By constructing appropriate Lyapunov functional, some sufficient conditions ensuring the passivity, input strict passivity and output strict passivity are derived for the complex dynamical network with fixed coupling strength...
November 24, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Jia Wang, Lee-Ming Cheng, Tong Su
Designing secure and efficient multivariate public key cryptosystems [multivariate cryptography (MVC)] to strengthen the security of RSA and ECC in conventional and quantum computational environment continues to be a challenging research in recent years. In this paper, we will describe multivariate public key cryptosystems based on extended Clipped Hopfield Neural Network (CHNN) and implement it using the MVC (CHNN-MVC) framework operated in GF(p) space. The Diffie--Hellman key exchange algorithm is extended into the matrix field, which illustrates the feasibility of its new applications in both classic and postquantum cryptography...
November 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Xiaobing Pei, Chuanbo Chen, Weihua Gong
In this paper, a novel concept factorization (CF) method, called CF with adaptive neighbors (CFANs), is proposed. The idea of CFAN is to integrate an ANs regularization constraint into the CF decomposition. The goal of CFAN is to extract the representation space that maintains geometrical neighborhood structure of the data. Similar to the existing graph-regularized CF, CFAN builds a neighbor graph weights matrix. The key difference is that the CFAN performs dimensionality reduction and finds the neighbor graph weights matrix simultaneously...
November 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Ding-Xin He, Guang Ling, Zhi-Hong Guan, Bin Hu, Rui-Quan Liao
This paper focuses on the collective dynamics of multisynchronization among heterogeneous genetic oscillators under a partial impulsive control strategy. The coupled nonidentical genetic oscillators are modeled by differential equations with uncertainties. The definition of multisynchronization is proposed to describe some more general synchronization behaviors in the real. Considering that each genetic oscillator consists of a large number of biochemical molecules, we design a more manageable impulsive strategy for dynamic networks to achieve multisynchronization...
November 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Chaohua Wu, Ke Lin, Wei Wu, Xiaorong Gao
Recent years have witnessed brain-computer interface (BCI) as a promising technology for integrating human intelligence and machine intelligence. Currently, event-related potential (ERP)-based BCI is an important branch of noninvasive electroencephalogram (EEG)-based BCIs. Extracting ERPs from a limited number of trials remains challenging due to their low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and low spatial resolution caused by volume conduction. In this paper, we propose a probabilistic model for trial-by-trial concatenated EEG, in which the concatenated ERPs are expressed as a linear combination of a set of discrete sine and cosine bases...
November 17, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Li Bu, Cesare Alippi, Dongbin Zhao
The ability to detect online changes in stationarity or time variance in a data stream is a hot research topic with striking implications. In this paper, we propose a novel probability density function-free change detection test, which is based on the least squares density-difference estimation method and operates online on multidimensional inputs. The test does not require any assumption about the underlying data distribution, and is able to operate immediately after having been configured by adopting a reservoir sampling mechanism...
November 16, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Kai Zhao, Yongduan Song, Zhixi Shen
In this paper, a neuroadaptive fault-tolerant tracking control method is proposed for a class of time-delay pure-feedback systems in the presence of external disturbances and actuation faults. The proposed controller can achieve prescribed transient and steady-state performance, despite uncertain time delays and output constraints as well as actuation faults. By combining a tangent barrier Lyapunov-Krasovskii function with the dynamic surface control technique, the neural network unit in the developed control scheme is able to take its action from the very beginning and play its learning/approximating role safely during the entire system operational envelope, leading to enhanced control performance without the danger of violating compact set precondition...
November 8, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Son N Tran, Artur S d'Avila Garcez
Developments in deep learning have seen the use of layerwise unsupervised learning combined with supervised learning for fine-tuning. With this layerwise approach, a deep network can be seen as a more modular system that lends itself well to learning representations. In this paper, we investigate whether such modularity can be useful to the insertion of background knowledge into deep networks, whether it can improve learning performance when it is available, and to the extraction of knowledge from trained deep networks, and whether it can offer a better understanding of the representations learned by such networks...
November 8, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Shanmugam Lakshmanan, Mani Prakash, Chee Peng Lim, Rajan Rakkiyappan, Pagavathigounder Balasubramaniam, Saeid Nahavandi
In this paper, synchronization of an inertial neural network with time-varying delays is investigated. Based on the variable transformation method, we transform the second-order differential equations into the first-order differential equations. Then, using suitable Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals and Jensen's inequality, the synchronization criteria are established in terms of linear matrix inequalities. Moreover, a feedback controller is designed to attain synchronization between the master and slave models, and to ensure that the error model is globally asymptotically stable...
November 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Ming Sun, Kwang Y Lee, Yaoqun Xu, Wenlei Bai
This paper addresses two-stage resource allocation in the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing access system. In the subcarrier allocation stage, hysteretic noisy chaotic neural network (HNCNN) with a newly established energy function is proposed for subcarrier allocation to improve the optimization performance and reduce the computational complexity. Activation functions with both anticlockwise and clockwise hysteretic loops are applied to the HNCNN. A new energy function is established for an objective function, which can be calculated offline, resulting in a lower computational complexity in solving subcarrier allocation than the previous energy function...
November 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Li Niu, Wen Li, Dong Xu, Jianfei Cai
In this paper, we propose a new exemplar-based multi-view domain generalization (EMVDG) framework for visual recognition by learning robust classifier that are able to generalize well to arbitrary target domain based on the training samples with multiple types of features (i.e., multi-view features). In this framework, we aim to address two issues simultaneously. First, the distribution of training samples (i.e., the source domain) is often considerably different from that of testing samples (i.e., the target domain), so the performance of the classifiers learnt on the source domain may drop significantly on the target domain...
November 3, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Baoguang Shi, Xiang Bai, Wenyu Liu, Jingdong Wang
In this paper, we present a deep regression approach for face alignment. The deep regressor is a neural network that consists of a global layer and multistage local layers. The global layer estimates the initial face shape from the whole image, while the following local layers iteratively update the shape with local image observations. Combining standard derivations and numerical approximations, we make all layers able to backpropagate error differentials, so that we can apply the standard backpropagation to jointly learn the parameters from all layers...
November 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Xuhui Bu, Zhongsheng Hou
This brief presents a novel adaptive iterative learning control (ILC) algorithm for a class of single parameter systems with binary-valued observations. Using the certainty equivalence principle, the adaptive ILC algorithm is designed by employing a projection identification algorithm along the iteration axis. It is shown that, even though the available system information is very limited and the desired trajectory is iteration-varying, the proposed adaptive ILC algorithm can guarantee the convergence of parameter estimation over a finite-time interval along the iterative axis; meanwhile, the tracking error is pointwise convergence asymptotically...
November 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Laurens Bliek, Hans R G W Verstraete, Michel Verhaegen, Sander Wahls
This paper analyzes data-based online nonlinear extremum-seeker (DONE), an online optimization algorithm that iteratively minimizes an unknown function based on costly and noisy measurements. The algorithm maintains a surrogate of the unknown function in the form of a random Fourier expansion. The surrogate is updated whenever a new measurement is available, and then used to determine the next measurement point. The algorithm is comparable with Bayesian optimization algorithms, but its computational complexity per iteration does not depend on the number of measurements...
November 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Bin Hu, Shigang Yue, Zhuhong Zhang
All complex motion patterns can be decomposed into several elements, including translation, expansion/contraction, and rotational motion. In biological vision systems, scientists have found that specific types of visual neurons have specific preferences to each of the three motion elements. There are computational models on translation and expansion/contraction perceptions; however, little has been done in the past to create computational models for rotational motion perception. To fill this gap, we proposed a neural network that utilizes a specific spatiotemporal arrangement of asymmetric lateral inhibited direction selective neural networks (DSNNs) for rotational motion perception...
October 31, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
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