Read by QxMD icon Read

Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports

Sean Robinson Smith, Jasmine Yiqian Zheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the delivery of rehabilitation care to cancer patients with relation to disease prognosis. This includes the evaluation when patients are referred for rehabilitation services and the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions across the cancer continuum. RECENT FINDINGS: Although prognosticating life expectancy is difficult, referrals for rehabilitation interventions appear to be affected by physician attitudes towards patients with advanced disease, in part because of misconceptions about the nature of rehabilitation for oncology patients...
2017: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Tamara L Vos-Draper, Melissa M B Morrow
A PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to (1) assess the factors related to the occurrence of pressure injuries in people with a spinal cord injury (SCI), (2) review methods of pressure injury prevention, and (3) examine compensatory technologies developed to promote in-seat movement to reduce the risk of pressure injuries. B RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors for seating-related pressure injuries are well documented, yet, ulceration remains a daily concern for individuals with SCI...
December 2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Jeffrey Laut, Maurizio Porfiri, Preeti Raghavan
Robotic technology designed to assist rehabilitation can potentially increase the efficiency of and accessibility to therapy by assisting therapists to provide consistent training for extended periods of time, and collecting data to assess progress. Automatization of therapy may enable many patients to be treated simultaneously and possibly even remotely, in the comfort of their own homes, through telerehabilitation. The data collected can be used to objectively assess performance and document compliance as well as progress...
December 2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Stephanie A Watts, Lauren Tabor, Emily K Plowman
PURPOSE: The clinical swallowing evaluation (CSE) represents a critical component of a comprehensive assessment of deglutition. Although universally utilized across clinical settings, the CSE demonstrates limitations in its ability to accurately identify all individuals with dysphagia. There exists a need to improve assessment and screening techniques to improve health outcomes, treatment recommendations and ultimately mortality in individuals at risk for dysphagia. The following narrative review provides a summary of currently used validated CSE's and examines the potential role of cough testing and screening in the CSE...
December 2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Nathan K Evanson, Andrea L Paulson, Brad G Kurowski
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of long-term disability in the United States. A significant proportion of children who experience a TBI will have moderate or severe injuries, which includes a period of decreased responsiveness. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological modalities are used for treating disorders of consciousness after TBI in children. However, the evidence supporting the use of potential therapies is relatively scant, even in adults, and overall, there is a paucity of study in pediatrics...
March 2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
David G Smithard
Dysphagia is one of the many complications of stroke. It is common and is an independent marker of outcome. Dysphagia management is important. Although the speech and language pathologist is the key worker in dysphagia management, they are supported by all members of the multi-disciplinary team. Stroke patients should be screened on admission for the presence of dysphagia and assessed by the speech and language therapist (or appropriate professional), where indicated investigation should be undertaken to understand the swallowing physiology and to guide treatment...
2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Alicja Raginis-Zborowska, Neil Pendleton, Shaheen Hamdy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Here we review the latest literature and evidence in the field of genetics and determinants of swallowing and its treatments-specifically, this is a very recent concept in the field of oropharyngeal dysphagia, with only now an emerging research interest in the relationship between our genetic makeup and the effect this has on swallowing function and dysfunction. As such our review will look at preclinical, clinical and hypothesis generating research covering all aspects of the genetics of swallowing, giving new importance to the genotype-phenotype influences pertaining to dysphagia and its recovery...
2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spasticity is a part of the upper motor neuron syndrome and can result in reduced function. Reduction of the complications may be facilitated by early intervention, making identification of stroke patients at high risk for developing spasticity essential. RECENT FINDING: Different predictors of poststroke spasticity (PSS) have been suggested in different studies, including development of increased muscle tone, greater severity of paresis, sensory impairment, and low Barthel Index score...
2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Hermano Igo Krebs, Bruce T Volpe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Elizabeth R Skidmore
One of the major foci of rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury is the design and implementation of interventions to train individuals to learn new knowledge and skills or new ways to access and execute previously acquired knowledge and skills. To optimize these interventions, rehabilitation professionals require a clear understanding of how traumatic brain injury impacts learning, and how specific approaches may enhance learning after traumatic brain injury. This brief conceptual review provides an overview of learning, the impact of traumatic brain injury on explicit and implicit learning, and the current state of the science examining selected training approaches designed to advance learning after traumatic brain injury...
June 1, 2015: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Dai Sugimoto, Gregory D Myer, Lyle J Micheli, Timothy E Hewett
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a major concern in physically active females. Although ACL reconstruction techniques have seen significant advances in recent years, risk associated with re-injury and future osteoarthritis remains a major concern. Thus, prevention of ACL injury is a logical step to protect and preserve healthy knee joints in young athletes. The current report aims to summarize a list of evidence-based prevention strategies to reduce ACL injury in female athletes. A list of six critical principles, which come from documented, large scale clinical trial studies and further analyses, were presented with ABC format including age, biomechanics, compliance, dosage, exercise, and feedback...
March 1, 2015: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Alicia Vose, Jodi Nonnenmacher, Michele L Singer, Marlís González-Fernández
Swallowing dysfunction is common after stroke. More than 50% of the 665 thousand stroke survivors will experience dysphagia acutely of which approximately 80 thousand will experience persistent dysphagia at 6 months. The physiologic impairments that result in post-stroke dysphagia are varied. This review focuses primarily on well-established dysphagia treatments in the context of the physiologic impairments they treat. Traditional dysphagia therapies including volume and texture modifications, strategies such as chin tuck, head tilt, head turn, effortful swallow, supraglottic swallow, super-supraglottic swallow, Mendelsohn maneuver and exercises such as the Shaker exercise and Masako (tongue hold) maneuver are discussed...
December 1, 2014: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Amy A Blank, James A French, Ali Utku Pehlivan, Marcia K O'Malley
Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability today; therefore, many research efforts are focused on designing maximally effective and efficient treatment methods. In particular, robotic stroke rehabilitation has received significant attention for upper-limb therapy due to its ability to provide high-intensity repetitive movement therapy with less effort than would be required for traditional methods. Recent research has focused on increasing patient engagement in therapy, which has been shown to be important for inducing neural plasticity to facilitate recovery...
September 2014: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Maria T Schultheis, Elizabeth Whipple
The ability to return to driving is a common goal for individuals who have sustained a traumatic brain injury. However, specific and empirically validated guidelines for clinicians who make the return-to-drive decision are sparse. In this article, we attempt to integrate previous findings on driving after brain injury and detail the cognitive, motor, and sensory factors necessary for safe driving that may be affected by brain injury. Various forms of evaluation (both in clinic and behind-the-wheel) are discussed, as well as driver retraining and modifications that may be necessary...
September 2014: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Elizabeth E Galletta, A M Barrett
Aphasia, a cognitive-linguistic disorder secondary to stroke, is a frequent and often chronic consequence of stroke with detrimental effects on autonomy and health-related quality of life. Treatment of aphasia can be approached in a number of ways. Impairment-based approaches that focus on training a specific linguistic form can be implemented. Additionally, functionally oriented intervention such as supported conversation and aphasia groups are also frequently utilized when providing a treatment program for an individual with aphasia...
June 1, 2014: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Gerard E Francisco, Jose L Contreras-Vidal
Stroke is a leading cause of disability, significantly impacting the quality of life (QOL) in survivors, and rehabilitation remains the mainstay of treatment in these patients. Recent engineering and technological advances such as brain-machine interfaces (BMI) and robotic rehabilitative devices are promising to enhance stroke neu-rorehabilitation, to accelerate functional recovery and improve QOL. This review discusses the recent applications of BMI and robotic-assisted rehabilitation in stroke patients. We present the framework for integrated BMI and robotic-assisted therapies, and discuss their potential therapeutic, assistive and diagnostic functions in stroke rehabilitation...
June 1, 2014: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Paul F Pasquina, Matthew Miller, A J Carvalho, Michael Corcoran, James Vandersea, Elizabeth Johnson, Yin-Ting Chen
It has been estimated that more than 1.6 million individuals in the United States have undergone at least one amputation. The literature abounds with research of the classifications of such injuries, their etiologies, epidemiologies, treatment regimens, average age of onset (average age of amputation), and much more. The subpopulation that is often overlooked in these evaluations, however, is comprised of individuals who have suffered multiple limb loss. The challenges faced by those with single-limb loss are amplified for those with multiple limb loss...
2014: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Marlís González-Fernández, Maggi-Lee Huckabee, Sebastian H Doeltgen, Yoko Inamoto, Hitoshi Kagaya, Eichii Saitoh
Although the goal of dysphagia rehabilitation is the same, population needs, clinical practice patterns, availability of resources, and dysphagia research varies greatly around the world. The goal of this review is to introduce the reader to the context in which dysphagia rehabilitation is practiced, to describe practice patterns, and to highlight the dysphagia research being performed in three distinct regions of the world: North America, New Zealand and Australia, and Japan.
December 2013: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Teresa C Drulia, Christy L Ludlow
Clinical trials published in 2012 and the first six months of 2013 were reviewed. These involved either traditional dysphagia therapy, indirect methods not involving dysphagia therapy or a combination of direct and indirect methods. Of 27 studies, 7 were RCTs, 5 were controlled clinical trials and the remainder were uncontrolled case series. Sixteen studies combined an indirect treatment with traditional dysphagia therapy; only one study examined one technique for direct swallowing therapy. Effect sizes were computed and contrasted for each trial...
December 2013: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Ann Parker, Thiti Sricharoenchai, Dale M Needham
Survivors of critical illness often experience new or worsening impairments in physical, cognitive and/or mental health, referred to as post-intensive care syndrome (PICS). Such impairments can be long-lasting and negatively impact survivors' quality of life. Early rehabilitation in the intensive care unit (ICU), while patients remain on life-support therapies, may reduce the complications associated with PICS. This article addresses evidence-based rehabilitation interventions to reduce the physical and mental health impairments associated with PICS...
December 2013: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"