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Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800504/persian-traditional-medicine-and-ocular-health
#1
REVIEW
Hasan Namdar, Elham Emaratkar, Mohammad Bagher Hadavand
The Persian Traditional Medicine (PTM) system pays special attention to disease prevention. In PTM, physicians believe that overeating may cause accumulation of unhealthy substances in the body and diseases called "Emtela." With respect to ocular health, foods can be categorized as beneficial and harmful. Harmful foods such as beef, geese, eggplant, cauliflower, and cheese can cause reduced vision. Dehydrating foods such as walnut and salty fish and hot foods such as garlic, onion, and pepper can cause dry eye...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800503/single-injection-of-bupivacaine-for-correction-of-strabismus
#2
Kimia Ziahosseini, Ian Bruce Marsh
A retrospective review of 30 patients with eso/exodeviations less than 20 prism diopters (PD) who underwent one injection of BPX into their medial/lateral rectus was carried out. Preoperative deviations were recorded in PD, using the alternate prism cover test. Postoperative angles at 1 and 3 months were measured in the same manner. 11 out of 30 patients achieved an acceptable outcome and required no further intervention. The mean angle of deviation for near in all patients reduced significantly by 3.1 PD and 2...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800502/eye-and-periocular-skin-involvement-in-herpes-zoster-infection
#3
REVIEW
Chris D Kalogeropoulos, Ioannis D Bassukas, Marilita M Moschos, Khalid F Tabbara
Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) is a clinical manifestation of the reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection and is more common in people with diminished cell-mediated immunity. Lesions and pain correspond to the affected dermatomes, mostly in first or second trigeminal branch and progress from maculae, papules to vesicles and form pustules, and crusts. Complications are cutaneous, visceral, neurological, ocular, but the most debilitating is post-herpetic neuralgia. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus may affect all the ophthalmic structures, but most severe eye-threatening complications are panuveitis, acute retinal necrosis (ARN) and progressive outer retinal necrosis (PORN) as well...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800501/refractive-and-aberration-outcomes-after-customized-photorefractive-keratectomy-in-comparison-with-customized-femtosecond-laser
#4
Valleh Sajjadi, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpour
To compare the refractive and visual outcomes and higher order aberrations in patients with low to moderate myopia who underwent customized photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (Femto-LASIK) this research performed. This study includes data of 120 consecutive eyes of 60 patients with myopia between -3.00 D and -7.00 D with or without astigmatism in two surgery groups: PRK and Femto-LASIK. Refractive, visual, and aberration outcomes of the two methods of surgery were compared after 6 months of follow-up...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800500/diabetic-macular-edema-from-old-concepts-to-new-therapeutic-avenues
#5
REVIEW
Ahmad M Mansour, Jose S Pulido, J Fernando Arevalo
Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a significant cause of blindness in the working population and is currently challenging to treat. Current interventions include focal laser or intravitreal injections. This article outlines a new treatment protocol based on the theory that peripheral ischemia is the precursor to angiogenesis, which will ultimately gather its momentum at the fovea. Extreme peripheral light laser panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) back to the equator reduces excessive production of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the eye...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800499/anti-vegf-agents-for-the-treatment-of-pigment-epithelial-detachments-associated-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-an-evidence-based-approach
#6
EDITORIAL
Georgios D Panos, Zisis Gatzioufas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350953/mitochondria-targeted-antioxidant-ss-31-is-a-potential-novel-ophthalmic-medication-for-neuroprotection-in-glaucoma
#7
Yu Pang, Chao Wang, Ling Yu
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of irreversible blindness and a neurodegenerative disease with a complex pathogenesis. Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction have crucial roles in most neurodegenerative diseases such as glaucoma. The conventional clinical treatment for glaucoma is lowering the intraocular pressure (IOP). Some patients have normal IOP, whereas other patients appear to obtain adequate control of IOP after filtration surgery or medication. However, these patients still experience progressive visual field loss...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350952/results-of-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-necessity-of-teamwork-and-patient-selection
#8
Reza Erfanian Salim, Shabahang Mohammadi
Our aim was to evaluate the clinical results of endoscopic endonasal surgical dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) as team work by an ophthalmologist and an ear-nose-throat (ENT) surgeon and the appropriate selection of the patients. All candidates for DCR underwent computed tomography (CT) scan of the paranasal sinuses (PNS). Patients who did not want a scar on the medial canthus skin or who had intranasal problems received EES-DCR, which was performed as team work by an ophthalmologist and an ENT surgeon. Surgical success was the resolution of epiphora (i...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350951/impression-cytology-in-different-types-of-contact-lens-users
#9
Guzin Iskeleli, Ceyhun Arici, Mustafa Deger Bilgec, Cuyan Demirkesen, Hilal Serap Arslan
This study compared tear function tests and cytologic changes on the conjunctival surface in asymptomatic patients wearing contact lens of different materials. Included in this study were 40 eyes wearing daily wear 4 week replacement hydrogel (H) lenses, 32 eyes wearing silicone hydrogel (SiH) lenses, 18 eyes wearing rigid gas-permeable (RGP) lenses, and 21 healthy eyes (no lenses) as the control group. Epithelial morphology of the conjunctival surface was evaluated, based on Nelson classification with conjunctival impression cytology (CIC), after the tear break-up time (TBUT) and Schirmer test were performed...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350950/cataract-surgery-in-anterior-megalophthalmos-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Virgilio Galvis, Alejandro Tello, Carlos M Rangel
Anterior megalophthalmos is characterized by megalocornea associated with a very broad anterior chamber and ciliary ring elongation. It is also called X-linked megalocornea. It is accompanied by early development of cataracts, zonular anomalies, and, rarely, vitreoretinal disorders. Subluxation of a cataract can occur in cataract surgery because of zonular weakness. In addition, in most patients, standard intraocular lens (IOL) decentration is a risk because of the enlarged sulcus and capsular bag. These unique circumstances make cataract surgery challenging...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350949/scientometric-analysis-and-mapping-of-scientific-articles-on-diabetic-retinopathy
#11
Shahrokh Ramin, Reza Gharebaghi, Fatemeh Heidary
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the major cause of blindness among the working-age population globally. No systematic research has been previously performed to analyze the research published on DR, despite the need for it. This study aimed to analyze the scientific production on DR to draw overall roadmap of future research strategic planning in this field. A bibliometric method was used to obtain a view on the scientific production about DR by the data extracted from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350948/intracranial-pressure-and-its-relationship-to-glaucoma-current-understanding-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Uttio Roy Chowdhury, Michael P Fautsch
Retrospective and prospective studies looking at the role of cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP)/intracranial pressure (ICP) have stimulated new theories and hypotheses regarding the underlying causal events for glaucoma. Most recently, studies supporting a low CSFP/ICP as a risk factor for glaucoma have been published. This review summarizes the current understanding of CSFP/ICP and its potential role in the pathogenicity of the disease.
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060832/ocular-effects-of-niacin-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Daniela Domanico, Francesca Verboschi, Simona Altimari, Luigi Zompatori, Enzo Maria Vingolo
Cystoid macular edema is a condition that involves the macula, caused by an accumulation of extracellular fluid in the macular region with secondary formation of multiple cystic spaces. This condition is provoked by a variety of pathological conditions such as intraocular inflammation, central or branch retinal vein occlusion, diabetic retinopathy and most commonly following cataract extraction, hereditary retinal dystrophies, and topical or systemic assumption of drugs. Niacin is a vitamin preparation usually used for the treatment of lipid disorders...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060831/cutting-edge-of-traumatic-maculopathy-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Sílvia Mendes, António Campos, Joana Campos, Arminda Neves, Diana Beselga, Cristina Fernandes, João Paulo Castro Sousa
This article reviews clinically relevant data regarding traumatic maculopathy (TM), frequently observed in clinical practice, especially due to sport or traffic accident injuries. It is characterized by transient gray-whitish retinal coloration and reduction of visual acuity (VA) with closed, blunt object globe trauma of their prior. It may be limited to the posterior pole (Berlin's edema), or peripheral areas of the retina. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) provides detail insight using high resolution cross-sectional tomographs of the ocular tissue...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060830/psychosis-mood-and-behavioral-disorders-in-usher-syndrome-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Daniela Domanico, Serena Fragiotta, Alessandro Cutini, Pier Luigi Grenga, Enzo Maria Vingolo
The aim of this review is to focus the current knowledge about mental and behavioral disorders in Usher syndrome. Previous studies described the presence of various mental disorders associated with Usher syndrome, suggesting possible mechanisms of association between these disorders. The most common manifestations are schizophrenia-like disorder and psychotic symptoms. Mood and behavioral disorders are rarely described, and often are associated with more complex cases in co-occurrence with other psychiatric disorders...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060829/age-related-macular-degeneration-a-scientometric-analysis
#16
Shahrokh Ramin, Masoud Soheilian, Gholamreza Habibi, Roghayeh Ghazavi, Reza Gharebaghi, Fatemeh Heidary
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is a major cause of central blindness among working aged adults across the world. Systematic research planning on any subject, including ARMD is in need of solid data regarding previous efforts in this field and to identify the gaps in the research. This study aimed to elucidate the most important trends, directions, and gap in this subject. The data extracted from the Institute for Scientific Information were used to perform a bibliometric analysis of the scientific productions (1993-2013) about ARMD...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060828/smartphone-based-video-of-demodex-folliculorum-in-biopsied-human-eyelash-follicles
#17
Mithaq Vahedi, Gavin Davis, Michael James Coleman, Brian Steven Garrett, Allen Omid Eghrari
The ability of smartphone technology to document static microscopy images has been well documented and is gaining widespread use in ophthalmology, where slit-lamp biomicroscopy is frequently utilized. However, little has been described regarding the use of smartphone technology to relay video of tissue microscopy results to patients, particularly when a tissue sample integrates motility of organisms as a characteristic feature of the disease. Here, we describe the method to use smartphone video to document motility of Demodex folliculorum in human eyelashes, individual results of which can be shown to patients for education and counseling purposes...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060827/advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hpv-ocular-surface-infections
#18
Chris D Kalogeropoulos, Marilita M Moschos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25861672/incidence-of-vertical-phoria-on-postural-control-during-binocular-vision-what-perspective-for-prevention-to-nonspecific-chronic-pain-management
#19
Eric Matheron, Zoï Kapoula
Vertical heterophoria (VH) is the latent vertical misalignment of the eyes when the retinal images are dissociated, vertical orthophoria (VO) when there is no misalignment. Studies on postural control, during binocular vision in upright stance, reported that healthy subjects with small VH vs. VO are less stable, but the experimental cancellation of VH with an appropriate prism improves postural stability. The same behavior was recorded in nonspecific chronic back pain subjects, all with VH. It was hypothesized that, without refraction problems, VH indicates a perturbation of the somaesthetic cues required in the sensorimotor loops involved in postural control and the capacity of the CNS to optimally integrate these cues, suggesting prevention possibilities...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25861671/erk5-mediated-signalling-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#20
REVIEW
Yuexiu Wu, Subrata Chakrabarti
Diabetic retinopathy is the lead among causes of blindness in North America. Glucose-induced endothelial injury is the most important cause of diabetic retinopathy and other vascular complications. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5), also known as big mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (BMK1), is a member of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) family. Physiologically, it is critical for cardiovascular development and maintenance of the endothelial cell integrity. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 is protective for endothelial cells under stimulation and stress...
2015: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
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