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Archives of Trauma Research

Payman Salamati, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Elham Shafiei, Esmaeil Fakharian, Abdollah Omidi, Hossein Akbari, Ali Delpisheh
BACKGROUND: It is well-known that severe brain injury can make people susceptible to psychological symptoms. However, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is still open for discussion. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare psychological symptoms of MTBI patients with those without MTBI considering demographic auxiliary variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted on 50 MTBI patients and 50 healthy subjects aged 15 - 65 years...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Behrooz Hashemi, Saeed Safari, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Elham Erfani, Alireza Baratloo, Farhad Rahmati, Maryam Motamedi, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Iraj Najafi
CONTEXT: Crush syndrome and its potentially life-threatening complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI), are one of the most important medical problems of disaster victims. However, today, many unanswered questions abound about the potential risk factors of crush syndrome, predictive factors of AKI, proper amount of prophylactic hydration therapy, type of fluid, time of continuing fluid, intravenous versus oral hydration, etc. Therefore, this study was designed to review the findings on Iranian nephrologist experiences in diagnosis and management of traumatic rhabdomyolysis following the last two strong earthquakes of Bam (2003) and Manjil-Rudbar (1990)...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Ali Khorshidi, Elaheh Ainy, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Hamid Soori
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the main causes of death and disability in Iran. However, very few studies about the temporal variations of RTIs have been published to date. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the temporal pattern of RTIs in Iran in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All road traffic accidents (RTAs) reported to traffic police during a one-year period (March 21, 2012 through March 21, 2013) were investigated after obtaining permission from the law enforcement force of the Islamic Republic of Iran...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are more likely than other racial and ethnic groups to be obese. African American youth are also more likely to live in disadvantaged neighborhoods which increase their victimization, observation, and fear of violence. OBJECTIVES: This study tested if victimization, observation, and fear of violence in the neighborhood during adolescence predict trajectory of body mass index (BMI) in the 3rd decade of life in African Americans...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Sebastian Decker, Dietmar Otte, Christian Walter Muller, Mohamed Omar, Christian Krettek, Carl Haasper, Stephan Brand
BACKGROUND: While cyclists and pedestrians are known to be at significant risk for severe injuries when exposed to road traffic accidents (RTA) involving trucks, little is known about RTA injury risk for truck drivers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the injury severity in truck drivers following RTAs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our local accident research unit prospectively documented 43000 RTAs involving 582 trucks between 2000 and 2011...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Joseph A Posluszny, Lena M Napolitano
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of severe hemorrhagic shock due to acute blood loss from traumatic injuries in a Jehovah's witness (JW) trauma patient is very challenging since hemostatic blood product resuscitation is limited by refusal of the transfusion of allogeneic blood products. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a multifaceted approach to the clinical care of a severely anemic JW trauma patient including the early administration of a bovine hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) as a bridge to resolution of critical anemia (nadir hemoglobin 3...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Mohsen Mirzaei, Mahboobahsadat Mirzadeh, Hossein Shogaei Far, Mojtaba Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: Road traffic deaths are a considerable public health problem and a major source of lost financial and human resources. Most mortality occurs in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure road traffic fatality rates and years of lost life, and also to depict a view of trends in road traffic deaths from 2004 to 2010 in Yazd city, a province in central Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case study analyzed road traffic deaths that were classified under the V01 - V99 codes of the ICD-10 in Yazd province from March 2004 to March 2010, using data that were collected from the death registration system of the Yazd province health center...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Pallav Mahesh Patni, Pradeep Jain, Mona Jain Patni
INTRODUCTION: The fracture of front teeth is one of the routine presentations of traumatic injuries. The treatment of a fractured tooth involving the pulp includes root canal therapy and post placement followed by core build-up or by the extraction of the fractured tooth if it is not restorable. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of an adult male who had traumatized both his maxillary central incisors following a blow experienced during domestic violence. He had lost a fractured fragment of the right central incisor, while the left incisor had complicated fractures with fragments retained attached to the soft tissue...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Samad Ghiasi, Mehdi Banaei
INTRODUCTION: Although bilateral facial nerve palsy is a rare condition, its etiology is more detectable than the unilateral type. A temporal bone fracture is one cause of bilateral facial nerve palsy, contributing in 3% of the cases. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report the case of a 35-year-old man complaining of bilateral incomplete eye closure, two weeks after a closed head injury caused by a motor vehicle accident. CONCLUSIONS: The high resolution computed tomography findings revealed a bilateral temporal bone fracture line, which extended to the fallopian canal...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Kavin Khatri, Vijay Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Vivek Tiwari
BACKGROUND: Unstable distal end radius fractures are difficult to manage and so various treatment modalities have been described. The use of variable-angle locking plates is promoted for the management of these fractures. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes in unstable distal end radius fractures treated with variable-angle locking plates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 23 unstable distal end radius fractures that were treated at our institution with volar variable-angle locking plates...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Elaheh Ainy, Hamid Soori, Mojtaba Ganjali, Behzad Basirat, Mashyaneh Haddadi
BACKGROUND: Motorcycle riders are amongst some of the most vulnerable road users. The burden of motorcycles injuries from low and middle income countries is under-reported. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the cost of traffic injuries among motorcyclists was calculated using the willingness to pay (WTP) method in Iran in 2013. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 143 motorcyclists were randomly selected. The research questionnaire was prepared based on the standard WTP method [stated preference (SP), contingent value (CV) and revealed preference (RP) models] taking into consideration perceived risks, especially those in Iran...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Majid Pourshaikhian, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davood Khorasani-Zavareh, Ahmad Barati
CONTEXT: In spite of the high prevalence and consequences of much workplace violence against emergency medical services personnel, this phenomenon has been given insufficient attention. A systematic review can aid the development of guidelines to reduce violence. OBJECTIVES: The research question addressed by this paper is, "What are the characteristics and findings of studies on workplace violence against emergency medical services personnel"? DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature review was conducted using online databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Magiran) with the help of experienced librarians...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Ali Saber, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Goodarz Akasheh, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Zanjani, Bagher Larijani
BACKGROUND: According to general ethical and legal principles, valid consent must be obtained before starting any procedure. OBJECTIVES: Due to the lack of a standard tool for assessing patients' capacity to consent to medical treatment in Iran, the present study was carried out aiming to devise a Persian version of a cross-cultural adaptation of the MacArthur competence assessment tool. PATIENTS AND METHODS: By reviewing different methods of cultural translation and adaptation for assessment tools, and due to the lack of consensus on its processes, we selected Wild's model as one of the most comprehensive methods in this regard...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Paul S Whiting, Gabrielle A White-Dzuro, Sarah E Greenberg, Jacob P VanHouten, Frank R Avilucea, William T Obremskey, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are recognized as major causes of morbidity and mortality in orthopaedic trauma patients. Despite the high incidence of these complications following orthopaedic trauma, there is a paucity of literature investigating the clinical risk factors for DVT in this specific population. As our healthcare system increasingly emphasizes quality measures, it is critical for orthopaedic surgeons to understand the clinical factors that increase the risk of DVT following orthopaedic trauma...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Ali Najefi, Lucksmana Jeyaseelan, Anand Patel, Akhil Kapoor, Sunil Auplish
INTRODUCTION: Simultaneous contraction of the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) with forced hyperflexion of the wrist can result in avulsion of the tendon and its bony attachment at its insertion at the dorsum of the base of the second metacarpal. This is a rare and often unreported fracture pattern. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 31- year- old male who sustained a hyperflexion injury. He was managed surgically and had good post-operative outcomes. A literature search revealed 16 papers covering 18 cases of similar injuries...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Ismael Aunon-Martin, Alfonso Prada-Canizares, Veronica Jimenez-Diaz, Carlos Vidal-Bujanda, Jose Luis Leon-Baltasar
INTRODUCTION: The distal triceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury. The acute treatment is well-defined, but when a delayed diagnosis is made or when a tendon retraction is present the alternatives or reconstruction are limited and sometimes complex. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case, we report on a 28-year-old man who presented with a chronic disruption of the distal triceps tendon with a gap of approximately 15 cm. The patient was diagnosed in another center with an inveterate breakage of the distal triceps tendon and was initially treated with an Achilles allograft that was complicated by a wound infection and required more than ten surgeries...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Ayman El-Menyar, Husham Abdelrahman, Ammar Al-Hassani, Mohammad Ellabib, Mohammad Asim, Ahmad Zarour, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: Blunt chest trauma (BCT) poses significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the clinical presentation and outcome of BCT related to road traffic accidents (RTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational analysis for patients who sustained BCT secondary to RTA in terms of motor vehicle crash (MVC) and pedestrian-motor vehicle accidents (PMVA) who were admitted to the trauma center at Hamad general hospital, Doha, Qatar, between 2008 and 2011...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Masoud Yavari, Seyed Esmail Hassanpour, Mohammad Khodayari
BACKGROUND: In the restoration of elbow flexion, the phrenic nerve has proven to be a good donor, but considering the role of the phrenic nerve in respiratory function, we cannot disregard the potential dangers of this method. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we reviewed the results of pulmonary function tests (PFT) in four patients who underwent phrenic nerve transfer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the results of serial spirometry tests, which were performed before and after phrenic nerve transfer surgery...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
INTRODUCTION: The nasolabial flap (NLF) has many advantages in oromaxillary reconstruction, but the majority of cases are reconstructions after pathologic resections. Its usage in trauma surgery, especially in the management of gunshot wounds, is rarely mentioned. CASE PRESENTATION: Three cases involving gunshot injuries to the face are presented: one for reconstruction of the nasal ala, another for bone graft coverage in mandibular reconstruction, and the third for the repair of premaxillary hard and soft tissue avulsive defects...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
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