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Archives of Trauma Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800469/the-serum-changes-of-neuron-specific-enolase-and-intercellular-adhesion-molecule-1-in-patients-with-diffuse-axonal-injury-following-progesterone-administration-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Nader Shahrokhi, Zahra Soltani, Mohammad Khaksari, Saeid Karamouzian, Behshad Mofid, Gholamreza Asadikaram
BACKGROUND: Improvement of neurologic outcome in progesterone-administered patients with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) has been found in a recent study. Also, there has been interest in the importance of serum parameters as predictors of outcome in traumatic brain injury. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of progesterone administration on serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in clinical DAI...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800468/effectiveness-of-chitosan-films-impregnated-with-ciprofloxacin-for-the-prophylaxis-of-osteomyelitis-in-open-fractures-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#2
Lincoln Paiva Costa, Luiz Eduardo Moreira Teixeira, Gustavo Silame Maranhão Lima, Marcelo Mendes Ferreira, Mateus Antunes de Andrade, Paula Vieira Teixeira Vidigal, André Augusto Gomes Faraco, Eduardo Frois Temponi, Ivana Duval de Araújo
BACKGROUND: The systemic antimicrobial prophylaxis is the standard treatment in the prevention of osteomyelitis after open fractures, with topical application of antimicrobials as an alternative due to their high concentrations at the site of the fracture, low systemic concentrations and fewer side effects. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of prophylaxis of osteomyelitis through experimental model of open fractures with the use of chitosan films, whether or not impregnated with ciprofloxacin...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800467/a-time-series-model-for-assessing-the-trend-and-forecasting-the-road-traffic-accident-mortality
#3
Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Fatemeh Ranjbar-Taklimie, Reza Malekpouri, Alireza Razzaghi
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accident (RTA) is one of the main causes of trauma and known as a growing public health concern worldwide, especially in developing countries. Assessing the trend of fatalities in the past years and forecasting it enables us to make the appropriate planning for prevention and control. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the trend of RTAs and forecast it in the next years by using time series modeling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this historical analytical study, the RTA mortalities in Zanjan Province, Iran, were evaluated during 2007 - 2013...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800466/emerging-carbapenem-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-carrying-blaimp-among-burn-patients-in-isfahan-iran
#4
Mohsen Radan, Rezvan Moniri, Ahmad Khorshidi, Hamidreza Gilasi, Zohreh Norouzi, Fahimeh Beigi, Yasaman Dasteh Goli
BACKGROUND: Metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a significant pathogen in burn patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates, including those resistant to imipenemase (IMP), in a burn unit in Isfahan, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty P. aeruginosa isolates from burn patients were tested for antibiotic susceptibility by the disc diffusion method in accordance with CLSI guidelines...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800465/modeling-of-individual-and-organizational-factors-affecting-traumatic-occupational-injuries-based-on-the-structural-equation-modeling-a-case-study-in-large-construction-industries
#5
Iraj Mohammadfam, Ahmad Soltanzadeh, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Mehdi Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Individual and organizational factors are the factors influencing traumatic occupational injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was the short path analysis of the severity of occupational injuries based on individual and organizational factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional analytical study was implemented on traumatic occupational injuries within a ten-year timeframe in 13 large Iranian construction industries...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800464/traumatic-globe-subluxation-and-intracranial-injury-caused-by-bicycle-brake-handle
#6
Ceren Poroy, Cansu Cibik, Bulent Yazici
INTRODUCTION: Penetration of a bicycle brake handle into the orbit is a rare and serious type of trauma. Globe subluxation due to such trauma has not been previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 10-year-old girl presented after falling from a bicycle, which resulted in the handbrake penetrating her right upper eyelid. On examination, the globe was subluxated anteriorly, there was no light perception, and the pupilla was fixed and dilated. Radiologic studies revealed orbitonasal fractures, hemorrhage, emphysema in the orbit and cranium, and rupture of the extraocular muscles...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800463/hemiprosthesis-for-femoral-neck-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-retrospective-study-of-319-patients
#7
Axel Prokop, Marc Chmielnicki
BACKGROUND: In geriatric patients with Pauwels types II and III femoral neck fractures, hemiprosthesis is the therapy of choice. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to analyze the results after cemented hemiprosthesis placement, the first year after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 319 patients over 70 years with displaced femoral neck fractures treated surgically at our hospital from 2007 to 2012. All medical information was available including retrospective posthospital discharge records as well as inpatient course and one-year mortality...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800462/nightmare-frequency-nightmare-distress-and-the-efficiency-of-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Katia Levrier, Andre Marchand, Genevieve Belleville, Beaulieu-Prevost Dominic, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Up to 71% of trauma victims diagnosed with PTSD have frequent nightmares (NM), compared to only 2% to 5% of the general population. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined whether nightmares before the beginning of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) could influence overall PTSD symptom reduction for 71 individuals with PTSD and different types of traumatic events. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants received a validated CBT of 20 weekly individual sessions...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800461/epidemiological-patterns-of-road-traffic-crashes-during-the-last-two-decades-in-iran-a-review-of-the-literature-from-1996-to-2014
#9
REVIEW
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Erfan Ayubi, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Leila Abedi, Alireza Zemestani, Louiz Amanati, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Naeema Syedi, Saeid Safiri
CONTEXT: Despite considerable attention given to health statistics of road traffic crashes (RTCs), the epidemiological aspects of injuries resulting from RTCs are not fully understood in Iran and other developing countries. The aim of this review was to study the epidemiological pattern and issues arising due to RTCs in Iran. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The scope of this study involves data from a broad range of published literature on RTCs in Iran. Data collection for this study was conducted by searching for keywords such as traffic accidents, traffic crashes, motorcycle accidents, motorcycle crashes, motorcycle injury, motor vehicle injury, motor vehicle crashes and motor vehicle accidents, Iran and Iranian in various databases such as Embase, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Iranian scientific information database (SID) and IranMedex...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800460/metacarpal-neck-fractures-a-review-of-surgical-indications-and-techniques
#10
REVIEW
Eric M Padegimas, William J Warrender, Christopher M Jones, Asif M Ilyas
CONTEXT: Hand injuries are a common emergency department presentation. Metacarpal fractures account for 40% of all hand fractures and can be seen in the setting of low or high energy trauma. The most common injury pattern is a metacarpal neck fracture. In this study, the authors aim to review the surgical indications for metacarpal neck fractures, the fixation options available along with the risk and benefits of each. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature review of the different treatment modalities for metacarpal neck fractures...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800459/effectiveness-of-bicycle-safety-helmets-in-preventing-facial-injuries-in-road-accidents
#11
Rebecca Stier, Dietmar Otte, Christian Müller, Maximilian Petri, Ralph Gaulke, Christian Krettek, Stephan Brand
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets in preventing head injuries is well- documented. Recent studies differ regarding the effectiveness of bicycle helmets in preventing facial injuries, especially those of the mid-face and the mandible. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the protective effect of a bicycle helmet in preventing mid-face and mandibular fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from an accident research unit were analyzed to collect technical collision details (relative collision speed, type of collision, collision partner, and use of a helmet) and clinical data (type of fracture)...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703961/hajj-stampede-in-mina-2015-need-for-intervention
#12
Payman Salamati, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703960/effect-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-demographic-factors-on-psychological-outcome
#13
Elham Shafiei, Esmaeil Fakharian, Abdollah Omidi, Hossein Akbari, Ali Delpisheh
BACKGROUND: It is well-known that severe brain injury can make people susceptible to psychological symptoms. However, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is still open for discussion. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare psychological symptoms of MTBI patients with those without MTBI considering demographic auxiliary variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted on 50 MTBI patients and 50 healthy subjects aged 15 - 65 years...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703959/a-systematic-review-of-iranian-experiences-in-seismo-nephrology
#14
Behrooz Hashemi, Saeed Safari, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Elham Erfani, Alireza Baratloo, Farhad Rahmati, Maryam Motamedi, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Iraj Najafi
CONTEXT: Crush syndrome and its potentially life-threatening complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI), are one of the most important medical problems of disaster victims. However, today, many unanswered questions abound about the potential risk factors of crush syndrome, predictive factors of AKI, proper amount of prophylactic hydration therapy, type of fluid, time of continuing fluid, intravenous versus oral hydration, etc. Therefore, this study was designed to review the findings on Iranian nephrologist experiences in diagnosis and management of traumatic rhabdomyolysis following the last two strong earthquakes of Bam (2003) and Manjil-Rudbar (1990)...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703958/temporal-patterns-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-iran
#15
Ali Khorshidi, Elaheh Ainy, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Hamid Soori
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the main causes of death and disability in Iran. However, very few studies about the temporal variations of RTIs have been published to date. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the temporal pattern of RTIs in Iran in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All road traffic accidents (RTAs) reported to traffic police during a one-year period (March 21, 2012 through March 21, 2013) were investigated after obtaining permission from the law enforcement force of the Islamic Republic of Iran...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679791/fear-of-neighborhood-violence-during-adolescence-predicts-development-of-obesity-a-decade-later-gender-differences-among-african-americans
#16
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are more likely than other racial and ethnic groups to be obese. African American youth are also more likely to live in disadvantaged neighborhoods which increase their victimization, observation, and fear of violence. OBJECTIVES: This study tested if victimization, observation, and fear of violence in the neighborhood during adolescence predict trajectory of body mass index (BMI) in the 3rd decade of life in African Americans...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679790/road-traffic-related-injury-severity-in-truck-drivers-a-prospective-medical-and-technical-analysis-of-582-truck-crashes
#17
Sebastian Decker, Dietmar Otte, Christian Walter Muller, Mohamed Omar, Christian Krettek, Carl Haasper, Stephan Brand
BACKGROUND: While cyclists and pedestrians are known to be at significant risk for severe injuries when exposed to road traffic accidents (RTA) involving trucks, little is known about RTA injury risk for truck drivers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the injury severity in truck drivers following RTAs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our local accident research unit prospectively documented 43000 RTAs involving 582 trucks between 2000 and 2011...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679789/hemoglobin-based-oxygen-carrier-for-traumatic-hemorrhagic-shock-treatment-in-a-jehovah-s-witness
#18
Joseph A Posluszny, Lena M Napolitano
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of severe hemorrhagic shock due to acute blood loss from traumatic injuries in a Jehovah's witness (JW) trauma patient is very challenging since hemostatic blood product resuscitation is limited by refusal of the transfusion of allogeneic blood products. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a multifaceted approach to the clinical care of a severely anemic JW trauma patient including the early administration of a bovine hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) as a bridge to resolution of critical anemia (nadir hemoglobin 3...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679788/trends-in-road-traffic-deaths-in-yazd-iran-2004-2010
#19
Mohsen Mirzaei, Mahboobahsadat Mirzadeh, Hossein Shogaei Far, Mojtaba Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: Road traffic deaths are a considerable public health problem and a major source of lost financial and human resources. Most mortality occurs in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure road traffic fatality rates and years of lost life, and also to depict a view of trends in road traffic deaths from 2004 to 2010 in Yazd city, a province in central Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective case study analyzed road traffic deaths that were classified under the V01 - V99 codes of the ICD-10 in Yazd province from March 2004 to March 2010, using data that were collected from the death registration system of the Yazd province health center...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679787/a-conservative-approach-to-the-management-of-a-dental-trauma-for-immediate-natural-esthetics
#20
Pallav Mahesh Patni, Pradeep Jain, Mona Jain Patni
INTRODUCTION: The fracture of front teeth is one of the routine presentations of traumatic injuries. The treatment of a fractured tooth involving the pulp includes root canal therapy and post placement followed by core build-up or by the extraction of the fractured tooth if it is not restorable. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of an adult male who had traumatized both his maxillary central incisors following a blow experienced during domestic violence. He had lost a fractured fragment of the right central incisor, while the left incisor had complicated fractures with fragments retained attached to the soft tissue...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
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