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Journal of Nephropathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042551/incidence-and-mortality-of-kidney-cancers-and-human-development-index-in-asia-a-matter-of-concern
#1
Masoumeh Arabsalmani, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Mahshid Ghoncheh, Fatemeh Hadadian, Farhad Towhidi, Kamran Vafaee, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality of kidney cancer have steadily increased by 2%- 3% per decade worldwide, and an increased risk of kidney cancer has been observed in many Asian countries. The information on the incidence and mortality of a disease and its distribution is essential for better planning for prevention and further studies. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the incidence and mortality of kidney cancer and their correlation with the human development index (HDI) in Asia...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042550/pure-red-cell-aplasia-due-to-antibody-against-erythropoietin-in-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Maryam Rahbar, Zahra Chitsazian, Firoozeh Abdoli, Seyed-Masoud Moeini Taba, Hosein Akbari
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common complication of chronic renal failure due to reduce erythropoietin production by kidneys. Anemia treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHu-EPO). Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) due to antibody productionagainst rHu-EPO is a rare but major complication of this drug. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PRCA due to antibodies in dialysis patients with resistant anemia who received erythropoietin...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042549/relationship-between-il-17-serum-level-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Alireza Soleimani, Elham Arbab, Mansooreh Samimi, Mohammad Reza Tamadon
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders with an inflammatory basis. It is associated with hyperandrogenism in women and can be also associated with increased activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Approximately 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age are affected by this disease. This syndrome is the main cause of infertility. Blood pressure may be one of the complications of the syndrome. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to assess the role of the IL-17 inflammatory cytokine in increasing blood pressure in patients with PCOS...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042548/effect-of-vitamin-d-on-proteinuria-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#4
Ali Momeni, Mahmood Mirhosseini, Mohsen Kabiri, Soleiman Kheiri
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (Vit D) deficiency is a common disorder in diabetic patients and may be a risk factor for ischemic heart disease and exacerbation of diabetic nephropathy(DN). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Vit D3 therapy on protein uriain type 2 diabetic patients with deficient or insufficient serum Vit D. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a double blind clinical trial, 60 type 2 diabetic patients with proteinuria greater than 150 mg/day who had Vit D deficiency or insufficiency were randomly enrolled in two equal groups...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042547/simvastatin-attenuates-chromium-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#5
Zahra Goodarzi, Esmaeil Karami, Massumeh Ahmadizadeh
BACKGROUND: Hexavalent Chromium (Cr (VI)) compounds are extremely toxic and have been demonstrated to induce nephrotoxicity associated with oxidative stress in humans and animals. The wide environmental distribution of these agents lead to an increase interest of preventive effects of its adverse effects. OBJECTIVES: The propose of the present study was to determine the potential protective effects of simvastatin (SIMV) on Cr (VI)-induced nephrotoxicity in rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight adult male Wistar rats (180-220 g BW) were randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 6)...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042546/tempol-effect-on-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-induced-by-hyperglycemia
#6
Mohammad Jafari, Farahnaz Dadras, Hamid Reza Ghadimipour, Mohamad Ali Seif Rabiei, Farhad Khoshjou
BACKGROUND: One of common mechanisms in pathophysiology of chronic kidney diseases is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). On the other hand oxidative stress has been known to participate in kidney damage of diabetic nephropathy (DN). OBJECTIVES: We studied if tempol, a well-known antioxidant agent, can ameliorate EMT in DN induced in male rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven male rats were equally divided in to 4 groups. Group I (control or C), group II (diabetic or D), group III (T) rats which was given tempol (100 mg/kg/day) by gavages for 28 days and group IV (D&T) was diabetic rats that also received same dose of tempol...
January 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921027/nutcracker-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-hematuria
#7
Azar Nickavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921026/a-study-on-the-association-of-diabetic-dermopathy-with-nephropathy-and-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Mahmoud Mirhoseini, Nasrin Saleh, Ali Momeni, Fatemeh Deris, Majid Asadi-Samani
BACKGROUND: Diabetic dermopathy is one of the most prevalent skin complications in diabetes patients. Some studies have pointed to association of diabetic dermopathy with retinopathy and nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes as microangiopathy presentations, but no rigorous study has been conducted to confirm this association. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated association of diabetic dermopathy with nephropathy and retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes referring specialty clinic of Shahrekord...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921025/prostate-specific-antigen-rising-in-iranian-men-in-correlation-with-body-mass-index-fasting-blood-sugar-and-blood-lipid-profile
#9
Davood Arab, Arash Ardestani Zadeh, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Azadeh Beiglarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a serine protease that is secreted by prostate cells and it is useful as a tumor marker for prostate cancer. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the relationship between some of metabolic factors and serum PSA level was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with urinary symptoms or for screening of the prostate cancer (after 50 years of age or 40 years with a family history of prostate cancer), were evaluated...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921024/preventive-effects-of-betulinic-acid-on-streptozotocinnicotinamide-induced-diabetic-nephropathy-in-male-mouse
#10
Akram Ahangarpour, Ali Akbar Oroojan, Layasadat Khorsandi, Razieh Shabani, Shahnaz Mojaddami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921023/effects-of-hydrophilic-extract-of-nasturtium-officinale-on-prevention-of-ethylene-glycol-induced-renal-stone-in-male-wistar-rats
#11
Sadrollah Mehrabi, Eslam Askarpour, Farhad Mehrabi, Ramin Jannesar
BACKGROUND: Nasturtium officinale is a traditional herb that is used for diuresis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the effects of hydrophilic extract of Nasturtium officinale on ethylene glycol-induced renal stone in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 32 male Wistar rats were randomly divided in six groups and studied during 30 days. Two groups of negative and healthy control received 1% ethylene glycol in water respectively...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921022/the-protective-effect-of-hydro-alcoholic-extract-of-mangrove-avicennia-marina-l-leaves-on-kidney-injury-induced-by-carbon-tetrachloride-in-male-rats
#12
Naser Mirazi, Seyedeh-Nahid Movassagh, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: Materials can cause liver and kidney damage which carbon tetrachloride is one of these substances. Medicinal plants and their essential oils and extracts have been used to a large extent as drugs to better control and management of kidney diseases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Avicennia marina leaves in the treatment of renal toxicity induced by carbon tetrachloride. METHODS: Forty-two male rats were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 7): control (taking normal saline, 0...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921021/treatment-of-henoch-schonlein-nephritis-new-trends
#13
EDITORIAL
Azar Nickavar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540539/the-effect-of-the-various-doses-of-atorvastatin-on-renal-tubular-cells-an-experimental-study
#14
Hamid Nasri, Zahra Hasanpour, Mehdi Nematbakhsh, Ali Ahmadi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: Recent retrospective observational studies suggest that high-potency statin therapy might increase the risk of acute kidney injury, however data on this subject is scares. OBJECTIVES: This study, was designed to investigate the renal tubular cell effect of different doses of atorvastatin to detect the possible aggravation of renal function or morphology of the kidney. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study 24 male Wistar rats were designated into 4 equal groups and treated as follows...
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540538/value-of-foxp3-expressing-t-regulatory-cells-in-renal-tissue-in-lupus-nephritis-an-immunohistochemical-study
#15
Marwa M Shakweer, Maha Behairy, Nadia G Elhefnawy, Tamer W Elsaid
BACKGROUND: Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) functions as a master regulator in the development and function of T-regulatory (Treg) cells. Recent studies have shown that autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are associated with an imbalance with the Treg cells and T helper (Th) subtypes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate immunohistochemical expression of Foxp3 positive Treg cells in lupus nephritis (LN) and analyze its association with clinicopathologic parameters...
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540537/the-association-between-atorvastatin-administration-and-plasma-total-homocysteine-levels-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#16
Ali Monfared, Seyyede Zeinab Azimi, Ehsan Kazemnezhad
BACKGROUND: Statins improve prognosis in patients with coronary heart diseases by decreasing the incidence of vascular events. Excess prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, has been observed in stable renal transplant recipients (RTRs). OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to evaluate the association between atorvastatin administration and plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels in RTRs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study in 148 cyclosporine A (CsA) treated stable RTRs...
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540536/treatment-of-large-plasma-volumes-using-specific-immunoadsorption-to-desensitize-abo-incompatible-kidney-transplant-candidates
#17
Lionel Rostaing, Asma Allal, Arnaud Del Bello, Federico Sallusto, Laure Esposito, Nicolas Doumerc, Bénédicte Debiol, Audrey Delas, Xavier Game, Nassim Kamar
BACKGROUND: ABO-incompatible (ABOi) kidney-transplantation has very good long-term results, i.e. similar to those observed for living-kidney ABO-compatible transplantation. This is because patients are desensitized at pretransplant using apheresis and rituximab therapy, with tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a single, pretransplant (Day -1), specific immunoadsorption session using Glycosorb® columns (anti-A or anti-B; Glycorex Sweden) to treat large volumes of plasma (up to 18 L)...
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540535/it-s-time-to-reward-the-gift-of-life
#18
Bahar Bastani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152295/belatacept-and-mediastinal-histoplasmosis-in-a-kidney-transplant-patient
#19
Hernán Trimarchi, Tatiana Rengel, José Andrews, Matías Paulero, Alejandro Iotti, Agustina Forastiero, Fernando Lombi, Vanesa Pomeranz, Mariano Forrester, Romina Iriarte, Iris Agorio
BACKGROUND: In transplantation immunosuppression enhances the appearance of opportunist infections. An ideal balance between the prevention of rejection, the lowest risk of infections and the highest rates of graft survival is a continuous challenge. Lower doses of immunosuppression may diminish the risk of infections, metabolic and hemodynamic complications or even of malignancy, but may expose patients to episodes of acute rejection. New drugs are being developed to improve graft survival at the lowest risk of side effects...
April 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152294/acute-oxalate-nephropathy-associated-with-orlistat
#20
Youshay Humayun, Kenneth C Ball, Jack R Lewin, Anna A Lerant, Tibor Fülöp
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major world-wide epidemic which has led to a surge of various weight loss-inducing medical or surgical treatments. Orlistat is a gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor used as an adjunct treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus to induce clinically significant weight loss via fat malabsorption. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 76-year-old female with past medical history of chronic kidney disease (baseline serum creatinine was 1...
April 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
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