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Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410761/binge-eating-disorder-and-night-eating-syndrome-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Sally Abbott, Naomi Dindol, Abd A Tahrani, Milan K Piya
Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasing in prevalence worldwide, and is closely linked to obesity. Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Night Eating Syndrome (NES) are eating disorders that are common in obesity, and may affect the management as well as long term outcomes of T2DM. Therefore, the aim of this review was to assess the prevalence and associations of BED or NES in adults with T2DM. Methods: We conducted a systematic review. The databases MEDLINE, CINAHL and AMED were searched for articles which met the inclusion criteria; including patients > 18 years old, with T2DM, and BED and/or NES...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410760/psychometric-properties-of-the-iranian-version-of-mindful-eating-questionnaire-in-women-who-seeking-weight-reduction
#2
Zahra Abbaspoor, Nahid Javadifar, Mahsa Miryan, Parvin Abedi
Background: The aim of the present study was to test the validity, reliability and factor structure of the original Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ) for use in an Iranian population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 150 women who attended four athletic gyms and met the inclusion criteria in Ahvaz city in July of 2015. After linguistic validation of the Iranian version of the MEQ, the content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were assessed by an expert panel...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410759/themes-arising-during-implementation-consultation-with-teams-applying-family-based-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jennifer Couturier, Melissa Kimber, Melanie Barwick, Tracy Woodford, Gail McVey, Sheri Findlay, Cheryl Webb, Alison Niccols, James Lock
Background: This study describes themes arising during implementation consultation with teams providing Family-Based Treatment (FBT) to adolescents with eating disorders. Methods: Participants were implementation teams (one lead therapist, one medical practitioner and one administrator) at four sites. These teams agreed to support the implementation of FBT, and participated in monthly consultation calls which were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and coded for themes...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410758/what-can-food-image-tasks-teach-us-about-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
E Caitlin Lloyd, Joanna E Steinglass
A salient feature of anorexia nervosa (AN) is the persistent and severe restriction of food, such that dietary intake is inadequate to maintain a healthy body weight. Experimental tasks and paradigms have used illness-relevant stimuli, namely food images, to study the eating-specific neurocognitive mechanisms that promote food avoidance. This systematic review, completed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines, identified and critically evaluated paradigms involving images of food that have been used to study AN...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386599/eating-disorders-in-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-a-neuroendocrinological-pathway-to-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-binge-eating
#5
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Erik Qvigstad
Background: This case report details the presentation, treatment and post-operative outcome of an adult female with co-occurring binge eating disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Case presentation: The patient, self-presenting for treatment, reported having struggled with severe, debilitating physical and psychological PMDD symptoms for nearly a decade. After having taken part in a number of unsuccessful first- and second line treatments in primary and secondary care, the patient was referred to tertiary care at the Department of Gynecology at Oslo University Hospital in Norway...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30356908/the-case-for-a-national-survey-of-eating-disorders-in-australia
#6
EDITORIAL
L M Hart, D Mitchison, P J Hay
In this Commentary we outline the case for a national survey of eating disorders in Australia. Given the recent focus of the federal government to provide further funding for mental health research, we call for a national survey to be made a key priority. Such high-quality, nationally representative data are critically important to informing all other domains of eating disorders research in the Australian context, and to informing the research agenda internationally.
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323929/how-certainty-appraisal-might-improve-both-body-dissatisfaction-and-body-overestimation-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-report
#7
M Metral, M Mailliez
Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa often report a conscious alteration of body image representation, with both body overestimation and body dissatisfaction. Cognitive and behavioural therapy is effective for treating many psychiatric disorders but often fails to treat anorexia nervosa and body image distortions. Although patients are aware of their weight loss, they continue to feel overweight - as if there were a conflict between a previous (maybe already false) body representation and the new one...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305903/self-injurious-behaviour-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-quantitative-study
#8
Linda Smithuis, Nienke Kool-Goudzwaard, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Harmieke van Os-Medendorp, Tamara Berends, Alexandra Dingemans, Laurence Claes, Annemarie A van Elburg, Berno van Meijel
Background: Many patients with an eating disorder report difficulties in regulating their emotions and show a high prevalence of self-injurious behaviour. Several studies have stated that both eating disorder and self-injurious behaviour help emotion regulation, and are thus used as coping mechanisms for these patients. We aimed to determine the prevalence of self-injurious behaviour, its characteristics and its emotion-regulation function in patients with anorexia nervosa or an eating disorder not otherwise specified ( n  = 136)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305902/from-bingeing-to-cutting-the-substitution-of-a-mal-adaptive-coping-strategy-after-bariatric-surgery
#9
Louise Tækker, Bodil Just Christensen, Susanne Lunn
Background: An increase in self-harm emergencies after bariatric surgery have been documented, but understanding of the phenomenon is missing. Case presentation: The following case report describes a 26-year-old woman with obesity, who initiated self-harm behaviour after bariatric surgery. The patient reported that the self-harm was a substitute for binge eating, which was anatomically impeded after bariatric surgery.Pre-surgical psychosocial assessment revealed Anorexia Nervosa in youth, which had later migrated to Binge Eating Disorder...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263118/a-survey-of-physician-practices-on-the-inpatient-medical-stabilization-of-patients-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#10
Carly E Guss, Tracy K Richmond, Sara Forman
Background: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition in 2013. ARFID can result in impaired growth and significant nutritional deficiency; individuals with ARFID may be so nutritionally compromised that they require medical stabilization in a hospital. Prior to the new diagnostic criteria, it is unclear how patients now diagnosed with ARFID may have been medically stabilized when hospitalized...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258631/how-to-integrate-physical-activity-and-exercise-approaches-into-inpatient-treatment-for-eating-disorders-fifteen-years-of-clinical-experience-and-research
#11
Marit Danielsen, Øyvind Rø, Sigrid Bjørnelv
Background: The importance of physical activity and exercise among patients with eating disorders (EDs) is acknowledged among clinicians and researchers. The lack of clinical guidelines, the differing attitudes towards exercise approaches in treatment, and the lack of specialized competence all influence the management of ED symptoms in specialist ED treatment units. The purpose of the study was to examine 15 years of clinical experience with exercise approaches as an integrated part our inpatients treatment program...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221003/inhibition-of-return-for-body-images-in-individuals-with-shape-weight-based-self-worth
#12
Alexandra Cobb, Elizabeth Rieger, Jason Bell
Background: Attentional biases for body shape and weight information have been found in people with eating disorders, indicating disorder-specific changes in the way this information is processed. To date, the literature has focused on the initial capture of attention, with little research on the maintenance of attention to shape/weight-related information. The current study aims to investigate the occurrence of attentional maintenance through the use of an Inhibition of Return task to shape and weight stimuli in those with and without an eating disorder...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221002/emotional-eating-and-weight-regulation-a-qualitative-study-of-compensatory-behaviors-and-concerns
#13
Mallory Frayn, Simone Livshits, Bärbel Knäuper
Background: Emotional eating, or overeating in response to negative emotions, is a behavior endorsed by both normal weight and people with overweight/obesity. For some individuals, emotional eating contributes to weight gain and difficulties losing weight. However, there are also many who engage in emotional eating who maintain a normal weight. Little is known about the mechanisms by which these individuals are able to regulate their weight. Methods: The present study seeks to gain insight into the behaviors of individuals of normal weight who engage in emotional eating through a series of one-on-one, 1-h long, qualitative interviews...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214804/prevalence-of-disturbed-eating-behavior-and-associated-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-adult-males-and-females-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Line Wisting, Torild Skrivarhaug, Knut Dahl-Jørgensen, Øyvind Rø
Background: The increased prevalence of disturbed eating behaviors (DEB), depression, and anxiety in type 1 diabetes (T1D) is generally well established; however the majority of existing research to date has focused on female adolescents and young adults. Data on males and older females is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of DEB and symptoms of depression and anxiety among adult males and females with type 1 diabetes, to investigate differences between individuals scoring below and above the cut-off on psychopathology, and to examine patterns of eating disorder psychopathology by age and weight...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214803/specialized-group-intervention-for-compulsive-exercise-in-inpatients-with-eating-disorders-feasibility-and-preliminary-outcomes
#15
Nina Dittmer, Ulrich Voderholzer, Mareike von der Mühlen, Michael Marwitz, Markus Fumi, Claudia Mönch, Katharina Alexandridis, Ulrich Cuntz, Corinna Jacobi, Sandra Schlegl
Background: Patients with eating disorders (ED) often suffer from compulsive exercise behavior, which is associated with lower short-term response to treatment and poorer long-term outcome. Evidence-based interventions specifically targeting compulsive exercise behavior have been scarce so far. We developed a manualized group therapeutic approach integrating cognitive-behavioral therapy, exercise therapy and exposure with response management to promote healthy exercise behavior. Our objective was to examine the feasibility and acceptance of this new approach as add-on to regular inpatient treatment in a pilot study...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186605/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-eating-disorders-how-do-clinician-characteristics-impact-on-treatment-fidelity
#16
C E Brown, K Nicholson Perry
Background: Clinicians routinely report not practising evidence-based treatments with eating disorders. There has been limited research investigating the impact of adaptable clinician characteristics such as self-efficacy and therapeutic optimism in this area. This study evaluated if there is a relationship between clinician therapeutic optimism, self-efficacy and the provision of evidence-based practice in the treatment of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Method: A survey developed for this study was administered to 100 psychologists who were recruited online via a range of organisations affiliated with psychology and/or eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128153/are-recovery-stories-helpful-for-women-with-eating-disorders-a-pilot-study-and-commentary-on-future-research
#17
Lisa Dawson, Barbara Mullan, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
Background: Anecdotally it is well known that eating disorder memoirs are popular with people with anorexia nervosa and recovery stories are readily available online. However, no research to date has empirically explored whether such stories are helpful for current sufferers. The aim of the current pilot study was to explore the efficacy of recovery narratives as a means of improving motivation and self-efficacy and to qualitatively explore patient perspectives of such stories. Method: Fifty-seven women with anorexia nervosa and subclinical anorexia nervosa participated in this online study...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123505/treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-case-series-examining-the-feasibility-of-family-therapy-and-adjunctive-treatments
#18
Wendy Spettigue, Mark L Norris, Alexandre Santos, Nicole Obeid
Background: To date, little research has examined the effectiveness of either modified Family-Based Therapy or psychopharmacological treatments for patients diagnosed with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), and there is little evidence to guide clinicians treating children and adolescents with ARFID. This case series describes the clinical presentations, treatments and outcomes of six patient diagnosed with ARFID who were treated sequentially by a child psychiatrist and adolescent medicine physician in a hospital-based eating disorder program...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123504/role-of-gender-in-the-treatment-experiences-of-people-with-an-eating-disorder-a-metasynthesis
#19
Priyanka Thapliyal, Phillipa Hay, Janet Conti
Background: Traditionally perceived as a disorder of women, Eating Disorders (EDs) are known to have impacts on people irrespective of their gender. This study is designed to synthesise the available qualitative research studies to more broadly understand the diverse experiences of ED and their treatment, specifically in relationship to issues of gender. Methods: The methodology involved a systematic search and quality appraisal of the literature published after 1980 using terms that aimed to represent the primary concepts of "role of gender" and "treatment experiences" and "eating disorders"...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083319/disordered-eating-attitudes-in-female-students-of-an-najah-national-university-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Raghad N Saleh, Razan A Salameh, Heba H Yhya, Waleed M Sweileh
Background: Eating disorders (ED) are serious psychiatric disorders characterized by unhealthy eating habits. There is a limited number of studies on eating disorders among female university students in Arab countries. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes (EA) among female students at An-Najah National University, Palestine. Methods: A survey study on 2001 female students at An-Najah National University was carried out...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
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