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Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078085/comparing-effects-a-reanalysis-of-two-studies-on-season-of-birth-bias-in-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Eirin Winje, Anne-Kari Torgalsbøen, Cathrine Brunborg, Kristin Stedal
BACKGROUND: Outcomes from studies on season of birth bias in eating disorders have been inconsistent. This inconsistency has been explained by differences in methodologies resulting in different types of effect sizes. The aim of the current study was to facilitate comparison by using the same methodology on samples from two studies with differing conclusions. METHODS: The statistical analyses used in each study were applied to the samples from the other study and the resulting effect sizes, Cramêr's V and odds ratio (OR), were compared and discussed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053702/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-refeeding-protocol-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa-rady-children-s-hospital-san-diego-university-of-california-san-diego
#2
Tamara R Maginot, Maya M Kumar, Jacqueline Shiels, Walter Kaye, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for nutritional rehabilitation in hospitalized restrictive eating disorder patients recommend a cautious approach to refeeding. Several studies suggest that higher calorie diets may be safe and effective, but have traditionally excluded severely malnourished patients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of a higher calorie nutritional rehabilitation protocol (NRP) in a broad sample of inpatients with restrictive eating disorders, including those who were severely malnourished...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018597/associations-between-unhealthy-dieting-behaviors-and-tobacco-use-among-adolescents
#3
Megan E Sutter, Aashir Nasim, Susan Veldheer, Caroline O Cobb
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for unhealthy dieting behaviors (UDBs) in youth. The role of alternative tobacco products and UDB engagement has yet to be examined empirically despite concerning trends in use. This study aimed to examine UDB prevalence in a U.S. geographic region-specific adolescent sample and associations with a variety of tobacco use behaviors and perceptions. METHODS: Weighted data from the 2013 Virginia Youth Survey were analyzed (n = 6903)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018596/developing-shared-understandings-of-recovery-and-care-a-qualitative-study-of-women-with-eating-disorders-who-resist-therapeutic-care
#4
Connie Musolino, Megan Warin, Tracey Wade, Peter Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the differing perspectives of recovery and care of people with disordered eating. We consider the views of those who have not sought help for their disordered eating, or who have been given a diagnosis but have not engaged with health care services. Our aim is to demonstrate the importance of the cultural context of care and how this might shape people's perspectives of recovery and openness to receiving professional care. METHOD: This study utilised a mixed methods approach of ethnographic fieldwork and psychological evaluation with 28 women from Adelaide, South Australia...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018595/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-refeeding-protocol-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-atypical-anorexia-nervosa-at-children-s-hospitals-and-clinics-of-minnesota
#5
Kathryn Smith, Julie Lesser, Beth Brandenburg, Andrew Lesser, Jessica Cici, Robert Juenneman, Amy Beadle, Sarah Eckhardt, Elin Lantz, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
BACKGROUND: Historically, inpatient protocols have adopted relatively conservative approaches to refeeding in Anorexia Nervosa (AN) in order to reduce the risk of refeeding syndrome, a potentially fatal constellation of symptoms. However, increasing evidence suggests that patients with AN can tolerate higher caloric prescriptions during treatment, which may result in prevention of initial weight loss, shorter hospital stays, and less exposure to the effects of severe malnutrition. Therefore the present study sought to examine the effectiveness of a more accelerated refeeding protocol in an inpatient AN and atypical AN sample...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999670/a-qualitative-analysis-of-participants-reflections-on-body-image-during-participation-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#6
Maria Fogelkvist, Thomas Parling, Lars Kjellin, Sanna Aila Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Negative body image is a risk factor for development and relapse in eating disorders (ED). Many patients continue to be dissatisfied with their body shape or weight after treatment. This study presents a qualitative analysis of written reflections on body image from patients with an ED and a negative body image before and after an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy group treatment at a specialized ED-unit. METHOD: Before and after the treatment participants (n = 47) answered a questionnaire with open ended questions on their thoughts on body image...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980773/use-of-yoga-in-outpatient-eating-disorder-treatment-a-pilot-study
#7
Allison Hall, Nana Ama Ofei-Tenkorang, Jason T Machan, Catherine M Gordon
BACKGROUND: Individuals with restrictive eating disorders present with co-morbid psychiatric disorders and many attempt to control symptoms using strenuous exercises that increase caloric expenditure. Yoga offers a safe avenue for the engagement in physical activity while providing an outlet for disease-associated symptoms. This study sought to examine use of yoga practice in an outpatient setting and its impact on anxiety, depression and body image disturbance in adolescents with eating disorders...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980772/risk-factors-for-elevated-liver-enzymes-during-refeeding-of-severely-malnourished-patients-with-eating-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Miho Imaeda, Satoshi Tanaka, Hiroshige Fujishiro, Saki Kato, Masatoshi Ishigami, Naoko Kawano, Hiroto Katayama, Kunihiro Kohmura, Masahiko Ando, Kazuo Nishioka, Norio Ozaki
BACKGROUND: There are few previous reports regarding the cause and evolution of liver injury in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) during the refeeding process, and its management remains controversial. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for elevated liver enzymes during refeeding and their effect on the therapeutic process in severely malnourished patients with eating disorders. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 167 female inpatients in a single hospital from January 2004 to March 2015, 67 who had normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels on admission were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of elevated ALT levels during refeeding, and then compared...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980771/applying-neurobiology-to-the-treatment-of-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#9
Laura Hill, Stephanie Knatz Peck, Christina E Wierenga, Walter H Kaye
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is a severe, biologically based brain disorder with significant medical complications. It is critical that new, effective treatments are developed to interrupt the persistent course of the illness due to the medical and psychological sequelae. Several psychosocial, behavioral and pharmacologic interventions have been investigated in adult anorexia nervosa; however, evidence shows that their impact is weak and treatment effects are generally small. METHOD: This paper describes a new neurobiological anorexia nervosa model that shifts focus from solely external influences, such as social and family, to include internal influences that integrate genetic and neurobiological contributions, across the age span...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933159/functional-brain-alterations-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
Tone Seim Fuglset, Nils Inge Landrø, Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging allows for the identification of brain abnormalities and alterations that are associated with anorexia nervosa (AN). We performed a scoping review to map out the extent and nature of recent research activity on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in individuals diagnosed with, or recovered from, AN (AN-REC). MAIN TEXT: A literature search of PubMed, Psychinfo and Embase was conducted using the search terms "anorexia nervosa" AND "functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895913/listening-in-the-dark-why-we-need-stories-of-people-living-with-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa
#11
EDITORIAL
Janet Conti, Paul Rhodes, Heather Adams
A bold step forward in our approach to Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa invites new paradigms for research and practice. It provides an opportunity for us to explore fault lines, both in our communities of practice and the social structures that inform them. This paper serves to question the medical metaphors on which treatment has been based, in favour of alternative perspectives that resonate more clearly with the lived experience of those for whom it has failed. We invite the consideration of alternative metaphors, which can disrupt the notion of heroic patients (and therapists), mediate against acts of self-silencing and sensitising us to more radical acts of listening...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895912/the-measurement-of-media-literacy-in-eating-disorder-risk-factor-research-psychometric-properties-of-six-measures
#12
Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton, Eleanor H Wertheim
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of media literacy-based interventions for the prevention of eating disorder risk is limited by the lack of appropriate measures with established psychometric properties with which to assess change in media literacy. This study aims to fill this gap by examining the psychometric properties and use in eating disorders risk factor research of six measures of media literacy that assess media processing and critical thinking about general media and critical thinking about appearance-focused media...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826445/weight-bias-a-call-to-action
#13
Angela S Alberga, Shelly Russell-Mayhew, Kristin M von Ranson, Lindsay McLaren
Weight-related issues (including excess weight, disordered eating and body concerns) are often considered as comprising distinct domains of 'obesity' and 'eating disorders'. In this commentary we argue that the concept of weight bias is an important variable when considering wellbeing across the spectrum of weight-related issues. We make the following six points in support of this argument: i) weight bias is common and has adverse health consequences, ii) shaming individuals for their body weight does not motivate positive behaviour change, iii) internalized weight bias is particularly problematic, iv) public health interventions, if not carefully thought out, can perpetuate weight bias, v) weight bias is a manifestation of social inequity, and vi) action on weight bias requires an upstream, population-level approach...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822375/typical-patterns-of-disordered-eating-among-swedish-adolescents-associations-with-emotion-dysregulation-depression-and-self-esteem
#14
Erika Hansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Per Johnsson
BACKGROUND: Using the person-oriented approach, we determined the relationships between four indicators (restraint and eating, shape, and weight concerns) of disordered eating (DE), as measured by the self-reported Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), to identify typical DE patterns. We then related these patterns to clinical EDE-Q cut-off scores and emotion dysregulation, depression, self-esteem, and two categories of DE behaviors (≥2 or ≤1 "yes" responses on the SCOFF questionnaire)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822374/do-dysfunctional-coping-modes-mediate-the-relationship-between-perceived-parenting-style-and-disordered-eating-behaviours
#15
Jessica M Brown, Stephanie Selth, Alexander Stretton, Susan Simpson
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest that both childhood experiences and coping behaviours may be linked to eating disorder symptoms. METHODS: In this study maladaptive schema coping modes were investigated as mediators in the relationship between perceived negative parenting and disordered eating. A total of 174 adults with eating and/or body image concerns completed questionnaires measuring parenting experiences, schema modes, and disordered eating behaviours...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800160/adult-picky-eaters-with-symptoms-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-comparable-distress-and-comorbidity-but-different-eating-behaviors-compared-to-those-with-disordered-eating-symptoms
#16
Hana F Zickgraf, Martin E Franklin, Paul Rozin
BACKGROUND: One presentation of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is characterized by picky eating, i.e., selective eating based on the sensory properties of food. The present study has two aims. The first is to describe distress and impairment in individuals with ARFID secondary to picky eating. The second is to determine whether eating behaviors hypothesized to be specific to picky eating can differentiate picky eaters with and without ARFID from typical eaters (e.g...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800159/case-management-at-an-outpatient-unit-for-severe-and-enduring-eating-disorder-patients-at-stockholm-centre-for-eating-disorders-a-study-protocol
#17
M Molin, Y von Hausswolff-Juhlin, C Norring, L Hagberg, S A Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe and enduring eating disorders (SEED) are seriously ill and have a low quality of life. Case management (CM), originally developed for adult patients with severe mental disabilities, has been shown to enhance social functioning and improve quality of life, while reducing the number and length of hospitalizations. In 2014, a special unit based on CM, for patients with SEED (the Eira unit) was started at Stockholm Centre for Eating Disorders, Sweden. METHOD/DESIGN: This study aims to investigate if CM can improve SEED patients' quality of life, and reduce their eating disorder symptoms as well as their health care consumption...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795829/binge-eating-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-in-participants-of-the-elsa-brazil
#18
Thamyres Souza da Silva, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Maria Angélica Antunes Nunes, Carolina Perim de Faria, Nagela Valadão Cade
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the relationship between recurrent binge eating episodes and nutritional and food profiles and lifestyle in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (Estudo Longitudinal da Saúde do Adulto - ELSA-Brazil) cohort. RESULTS: Recurrent binge eating episodes were associated with obesity (OR 5.188; confidence interval [CI] 4.051-6.645), overweight (OR 2.534; CI 1.980-3.243), female sex (OR 1.918; CI 1.573-2.338), age between 34 and 54 years old (OR 1...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555914/chew-and-spit-chsp-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Phillip Aouad, Phillipa Hay, Nerissa Soh, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: This systematic review is an evaluation of the empirical literature relating to the disordered eating behaviour Chew and Spit (CHSP). Current theories postulate that CHSP is a symptom exhibited by individuals with recurrent binge eating and Bulimia Nervosa. AIMS: The review aimed to identify and critically assess studies that have examined the distribution of CHSP behaviour, its relationship to eating disorders, its physical and psychosocial consequences and treatment...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547403/the-compulsive-exercise-test-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-links-with-eating-psychopathology-among-women-with-clinical-eating-disorders
#20
Caroline Meyer, Carolyn R Plateau, Lorin Taranis, Nicola Brewin, Jackie Wales, Jon Arcelus
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) among an adult sample of patients with eating disorders. METHOD: Three hundred and fifty six patients and 360 non-clinical control women completed the CET and the Eating Disorders Examination questionnaire (EDE-Q). RESULTS: A confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the clinical data showed a moderate fit to the previously published five factor model derived from a community sample (Taranis L, Touyz S, Meyer C, Eur Eat Disord Rev 19:256-268, 2011)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
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