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Journal of Eating Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299311/feeding-and-eating-disorders-in-the-dsm-5-era-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-rates-in-non-clinical-male-and-female-samples
#1
REVIEW
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Line Wisting, Øyvind Rø
Objective: The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) during the DSM-5 era, and to report rates of point- and lifetime prevalence. Method: A PubMed search was conducted targeting articles on the epidemiology of EDs, in particular, reported rates of prevalence. The review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines, and was limited to DSM-5 based eating disorder diagnoses published between 2012 and 2017...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296280/effects-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-exposure-based-body-image-therapy-for-overweight-females-with-binge-eating-disorder-a-pilot-study
#2
Merle Lewer, Joachim Kosfelder, Johannes Michalak, Dorothea Schroeder, Nadia Nasrawi, Silja Vocks
Background: Although not part of the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-5, body image disturbance seems to be a relevant feature of Binge Eating Disorder (BED) as well as of other eating disorders such as Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or Bulimia Nervosa (BN). Hence, the aim of the present pilot study was to assess the changeability of body image disturbance in a sample of overweight females with BED by a cognitive-behavioral treatment, directly addressing body image disturbance. Method: Overweight females (N = 34) with BED were randomized to a manualized body image therapy or a waiting-list control group...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255605/how-does-family-functioning-effect-the-outcome-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-severe-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Andrew Wallis, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Sloane Madden, Paul Rhodes, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Stephen Touyz
Background: The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between family functioning, adolescent-parent attachment and remission, as well as changes in these variables over time for adolescents with severe anorexia nervosa treated with family based treatment (FBT). Understanding how families respond to treatment is important because the family will be the ongoing context for psychosocial development in the longer term. The relationship between family functioning and outcome is also an important variable because it is potentially modifiable during treatment and this may improve outcome...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214023/assessment-and-clinical-management-of-bone-disease-in-adults-with-eating-disorders-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Anne Drabkin, Micol S Rothman, Elizabeth Wassenaar, Margherita Mascolo, Philip S Mehler
Aim: To review current medical literature regarding the causes and clinical management options for low bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with eating disorders. Background: Low bone mineral density is a common complication of eating disorders with potentially lifelong debilitating consequences. Definitive, rigorous guidelines for screening, prevention and management are lacking. This article intends to provide a review of the literature to date and current options for prevention and treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214022/advancing-our-understanding-of-the-neurobiology-of-anorexia-nervosa-translation-into-treatment
#5
Lasse Bang, Janet Treasure, Øyvind Rø, Andreas Joos
A wealth of studies has investigated the neurobiological underpinnings of anorexia nervosa. In our letter to the editor, we point to a number of ways in which the advances in our understanding of the neurobiology of anorexia nervosa - focusing on neuroimaging studies of brain structure and function - can be translated into treatment. We point to how such advances can: inform psychological treatment, be implemented in psychoeducation, point to novel therapeutic targets, lead to the identification of biomarkers, and expand our vocabulary for how we think and talk about anorexia nervosa...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209500/examining-a-staging-model-for-anorexia-nervosa-empirical-exploration-of-a-four-stage-model-of-severity
#6
Sarah Maguire, Lois J Surgenor, Daniel Le Grange, Hubert Lacey, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, Kirsty M Fromholtz, Bryony Bamford, Stephen Touyz
Background: An illness staging model for anorexia nervosa (AN) has received increasing attention, but assessing the merits of this concept is dependent on empirically examining a model in clinical samples. Building on preliminary findings regarding the reliability and validity of the Clinician Administered Staging Instrument for Anorexia Nervosa (CASIAN), the current study explores operationalising CASIAN severity scores into stages and assesses their relationship with other clinical features...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201365/development-of-guidelines-for-giving-community-presentations-about-eating-disorders-a-delphi-study
#7
Joanna Rachel Doley, Laura Merilyn Hart, Arthur Anthony Stukas, Amy Joanna Morgan, Danielle Lisa Rowlands, Susan Jessica Paxton
Background: Concerns exist around how to talk about eating disorders (EDs) due to evidence that suggests discussing ED symptoms and behaviours may cause or worsen symptoms in vulnerable people. Using expert consensus, we developed a set of guidelines for giving safe community presentations about EDs. Methods: Participants with professional ED expertise, and people with lived experience of an ED, were recruited for a Delphi study. N = 26 panel members rated 367 statements for both a) inclusion in guidelines, and b) their potential to be helpful (increase knowledge, reduce stigma) or harmful (increase stigma, cause/worsen ED symptoms)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201364/the-association-between-interpersonal-problems-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#8
Elise Meyn Ung, Cecilie Birkmose Erichsen, Stig Poulsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Sebastian Simonsen, Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen
Background: Interpersonal problems are thought to play an essential role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a specific interpersonal profile could be identified in a group of patients diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, or Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, and to explore if specific types of interpersonal problems were systematically related to treatment outcome in this group of patients...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201363/development-and-validation-of-makeup-and-sexualized-clothing-questionnaires
#9
Haylie Smith, Marisol Perez, Michael R Sladek, Carolyn Black Becker, Tara K Ohrt, Amanda B Bruening
Background: Body acceptance programs on college campuses indicated that collegiate women often report feeling pressure to dress in a sexualized manner, and use makeup to enhance beauty. Currently, no quantitative measures exist to assess attitudes and daily behaviors that may arise in response to perceived pressure to wear makeup or dress in a provocative manner. The goal of the current studies was to develop brief self-report questionnaires aimed at assessing makeup and sexualized clothing use and attitudes in young women...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177049/a-10-year-follow-up-study-of-completers-versus-dropouts-following-treatment-with-an-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-eating-disorders
#10
Yuri Okamoto, Yoshie Miyake, Ichie Nagasawa, Kazuhiro Shishida
Background: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been recommended for the treatment of eating disorders, and group therapy is known to have certain advantages over individual therapy. The aim of the current study was to compare the 10-year prognosis of patients who completed integrated group CBT with those who dropped out and to examine the effect of completion of group CBT on the prognosis. Methods: The participants were 65 adult patients with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163941/exploring-the-effects-of-a-family-admissions-program-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Keren Fink, Paul Rhodes, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Stephen Touyz, Julian Baudinet, Sloane Madden
Background: This study investigated patient experience in a Family Admissions Program (FAP) - a pilot treatment program for adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa at the Children's Hospital, Westmead. Based on Maudsley Family Based Treatment (FBT), the FAP involves an adolescent and his/her family undergoing a two-week family-based hospital admission at the outset of treatment. The program aims to increase intensity and support to a level needed by some families struggling to engage with or access FBT...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158898/an-evaluation-of-the-predictive-validity-of-the-urica-and-ansocq-scales-for-weight-gain-in-adults-with-an-in-an-outpatient-eating-disorders-program-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Jessica Green, Andrea Philipou, David Castle, Leonardo Cistullo, Richard Newton
Background: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) which focuses on stage of change has been the main conceptual model used in understanding the lack of motivation to change in patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Whilst there is evidence to support the prognostic value of the TTM in AN, this evidence base sufferers from limitations including limited studies in adults and none in outpatient populations. The primary aim of this study was to clarify whether readiness to change, as measured by the University Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale (URICA) and the Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire (ANSOCQ) could predict weight gain in adults with AN following treatment in an outpatient setting...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158897/feminist-approaches-to-anorexia-nervosa-a-qualitative-study-of-a-treatment-group
#13
Su Holmes, Sarah Drake, Kelsey Odgers, Jon Wilson
Background: Eating disorders (EDs) are now often approached as biopsychosocial problems. But it has been suggested by scholars interested in sociocultural factors that all is not equal within this biospsychosocial framework, with the 'social' aspects of the equation relegated to secondary factors within ED treatment contexts. Although sociocultural influences are well-established as risk factors for EDs, the exploration of whether or how such perspectives are useful in treatment has been little explored...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142754/inviting-eating-disorder-patients-to-discuss-the-academic-literature-a-model-program-for-psychoeducation
#14
Lauren Belak, Tara Deliberto, Matthew Shear, Sean Kerrigan, Evelyn Attia
Background: Psychoeducation initiatives in which patients read primary scientific literature have not yet been studied as a treatment intervention for eating disorders. In this paper, we discuss and evaluate the acceptability of a novel psychoeducational journal club for individuals with anorexia and bulimia nervosa in inpatient and partial hospitalization program settings. Primary literature about eating disorders is presented and discussed with patients. By presenting scientifically-supported information, our "Psychoeducational Research Group" is designed to help patients restructure disordered thoughts and encourage adherence to evidence-based treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118983/identifying-fundamental-criteria-for-eating-disorder-recovery-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jan Alexander de Vos, Andrea LaMarre, Mirjam Radstaak, Charlotte Ariane Bijkerk, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Gerben J Westerhof
Background: Outcome studies for eating disorders regularly measure pathology change or remission as the only outcome. Researchers, patients and recovered individuals highlight the importance of using additional criteria for measuring eating disorder recovery. There is no clear consensus on which additional criteria are most fundamental. Studies focusing on the perspectives of recovered patients show criteria which are closely related to dimensions of positive functioning as conceptualized in the complete mental health model...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093817/eating-behaviour-disorders-among-adolescents-in-a-middle-school-in-dongfanghong-china
#16
Tingting Feng, Dawit Shawel Abebe
Background: Disordered eating behaviours (DEB) are significant public health challenges among adolescents. DEB are prevalent among Chinese young people and replication epidemiological studies in DEB are needed due to ongoing rapid modernization and socio-economic change. In addition, there has been no prevention or intervention programs for DEB in most of rural areas in China and research in DEB in rural China is limited. More research in DEB in rural China is needed for increased awareness of prevention strategies...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090097/erratum-to-evaluation-of-a-multiprofessional-nonsurgical-obesity-treatment-program-which-parameters-indicated-life-style-changes-and-weight-loss
#17
Irena Pjanic, Roland Müller, Markus Laimer, Niels Hagenbuch, Kurt Laederach, Zeno Stanga
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40337-017-0144-4.].
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075495/an-exploratory-study-of-creativity-and-eating-disorders
#18
Bruce D Burns, Yichelle Zhang, Mareike Wieth, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: We examined whether cognitive rigidity associated with having an eating disorder generalized to creativity. METHOD: One hundred twelve participants from the participant pool of an Australian university were given a measure of disordered eating (EDE-Q), asked if they had ever had a diagnosis of an eating disorder (16 reported yes), and given 3 min to generate alternative uses for a paper-clip. The alternative uses task yielded measures of creative fluency, originality, elaboration and flexibility...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075494/the-role-of-personality-in-body-image-dissatisfaction-and-disordered-eating-discrepancies-between-men-and-women
#19
L P MacNeill, L A Best, L L Davis
BACKGROUND: Body image and disordered eating research has focused mostly on the female experience. The present study examined gender differences in the relationship between personality, disordered eating, and body image dissatisfaction. METHODS: Participants were 238 female and 85 male undergraduates (Mage = 20.52 years, SD = 4.22) at a Canadian university. Materials included a battery of self-report questionnaires pertaining to personality, body image, and disordered eating...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075493/perceptions-of-eating-disorder-diagnoses-and-body-image-issues-in-four-male-cases-in-singapore
#20
Evelyn Boon, Kelly Ann Zainal, Stephen W Touyz
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing number of patients presenting for treatment, little is still known about male eating disorders cases. The current study presents four male eating disorder cases presented to our specialized treatment facility in Singapore. CASE PRESENTATION: Cases 1, 2 and 3 are homosexual males in their twenties and thirties who presented with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Case 4 is a heterosexual male in his twenties diagnosed with binge eating disorder...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
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