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Journal of Eating Disorders

Phillip Aouad, Phillipa Hay, Nerissa Soh, Stephen Touyz
BACKGROUND: This systematic review is an evaluation of the empirical literature relating to the disordered eating behaviour Chew and Spit (CHSP). Current theories postulate that CHSP is a symptom exhibited by individuals with recurrent binge eating and Bulimia Nervosa. AIMS: The review aimed to identify and critically assess studies that have examined the distribution of CHSP behaviour, its relationship to eating disorders, its physical and psychosocial consequences and treatment...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Caroline Meyer, Carolyn R Plateau, Lorin Taranis, Nicola Brewin, Jackie Wales, Jon Arcelus
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) among an adult sample of patients with eating disorders. METHOD: Three hundred and fifty six patients and 360 non-clinical control women completed the CET and the Eating Disorders Examination questionnaire (EDE-Q). RESULTS: A confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the clinical data showed a moderate fit to the previously published five factor model derived from a community sample (Taranis L, Touyz S, Meyer C, Eur Eat Disord Rev 19:256-268, 2011)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Erin C Accurso, Jocelyn Lebow, Stuart B Murray, Andrea E Kass, Daniel Le Grange
BACKGROUND: Weight suppression (WS), which is the difference between a patient's highest and current weight, has been associated with bulimic symptom severity in adults with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, the impact of WS on eating disorder psychopathology in youth with BN is unknown. METHODS: Participants included 85 youth with DSM-5 BN who presented for outpatient treatment. Current WS was calculated as the difference between highest and current body mass index z-score (BMIz), while greatest WS was the difference between highest and lowest BMIz, both assessed at participants' current height...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Úna Mulkerrin, Bryony Bamford, Lucy Serpell
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing clinical interest in the use of personal values as a motivational tool in psychological therapies for Anorexia Nervosa (AN), research is limited. This study explored personal values among individuals with AN, with a particular focus on the 'fit' between participants' values and their AN. METHODS: A qualitative research design was employed in this study. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out among eight female outpatients and inpatients with a diagnosis of AN or Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified - AN type (EDNOS-AN type)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Joanna E Steinglass, B Timothy Walsh
Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is characterized by the maintenance of an undernourished, or starved, state. Persistent restrictive eating, or the recurrent intake of a diet that is inadequate to sustain a healthy weight, is the central behavior maintaining AN. To understand this disturbance, we need to understand the neural mechanisms that allow or promote the persistent choice of inadequate caloric intake. While a range of neural disturbances have been reported in AN, abnormalities in systems relevant to reward processing and the development of habit systems have been consistently described in both structural and functional neuroimaging studies...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Sarah Fogarty, Lucie M Ramjan
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterised by restriction of energy intake, fear of gaining weight and severe disturbances in weight or shape. Recovery from AN is a complicated and often multifaceted experience that can take many years to achieve. Qualitative research has found that support, being understood, hope, desire for recovery, positive experiences in treatment, self-efficacy, motivation and relationships are important in recovery from AN. The experience of treatment for patients with an eating disorder is an important aspect of recovery with the potential to enhance recovery or hinder it...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Marsha Rowsell, Danielle E MacDonald, Jacqueline C Carter
BACKGROUND: Difficulties with emotion regulation have been established as a core deficit in anorexia nervosa (AN). However, limited research has evaluated whether weight gain is associated with improvements in emotion regulation difficulties in AN and whether improvements in emotion regulation are associated with reductions in eating disorder psychopathology. The aims of this study were threefold: 1) to examine the nature and extent of emotion regulation difficulties in AN; 2) to determine whether these difficulties improved during intensive treatment for the eating disorder; and 3) to study whether improvements in emotion regulation were associated with improvements in eating disorder psychopathology...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Anna Brytek-Matera, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Magdalena Krupa, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Phillipa Hay
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40337-015-0038-2.].
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Sarah Greer, Myra Cooper
BACKGROUND: The processing of schema-related information is important in the maintenance of specific eating disorder (ED)-related belief systems and psychopathology. To date, most research on differences in the processing of ED schematic information has used interview or self-report questionnaire measures. Dieting is a known risk factor for EDs and dieters have been included in some studies. However, they have not been compared with non-dieters on a novel, objective measure of ED related schema processing...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Franzisca V Froreich, Lenny R Vartanian, Jessica R Grisham, Stephen W Touyz
BACKGROUND: Issues of personal control have been proposed to play a central role in the aetiology and maintenance of eating disorders. Empirical evidence supporting this relationship is inconsistent, partly due to the multiplicity of constructs used to define "control". This study compares six commonly used measures of control with the aim of determining which operationalisation of control is most centrally relevant to eating pathology. Given the high level of comorbidity between eating disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder and the potentially common risk/maintenance factors for the two disorders, we also examine the relationship between control and obsessive-compulsive symptomatology...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Colleen Stiles-Shields, Bryony H Bamford, Stephen Touyz, Daniel Le Grange, Phillipa Hay, Hubert Lacey
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic alliance (TA) has been found to be a significant predictor of outcome for patients with severe and enduring anorexia nervosa (SE-AN), accounting for more variance than treatment type. To better understand how to promote TA for this population, the aim of the current study was to investigate predictors of TA in adults with SE-AN. METHODS: Participants were 63 adult females with SE-AN presenting to an outpatient, multi-site randomized controlled trial conducted at two clinical sites...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Kinga Sałapa, Barbara Józefik
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between sociocultural factors and clinical eating disorders during the intensive process of Westernisation in Poland that occurred after 1989. The study population included girls diagnosed with an eating disorder according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 47 anorexia nervosa restrictive type [ANR], n = 16 anorexia binge/purge type [ANBP], n = 34 bulimia nervosa [BN], n = 19 eating disorder not otherwise specified [EDNOS]) who received consultation for the first time between 2002 and 2004 in the Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital, Kraków, Poland...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Emily Griffiths, Nicholas Hawkes, Sam Gilbert, Lucy Serpell
BACKGROUND: This study compares the effects of different cognitive tasks on post-meal negative affect, positive affect, intrusive thoughts and intrusive images of hospitalised patients with eating disorders. METHODS: Twenty-five participants were recruited from an eating disorder service. Using a within-subjects design, participants performed one of the following tasks for 15 min: the game 'Tetris' (visuospatial), a general knowledge 'Quiz' (verbal), 'Braille' translation (somatic) and 'Sitting Quietly' (control)...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Rachel S Brownlow, Sarah Maguire, Adrienne O'Dell, Catia Dias-da-Costa, Stephen Touyz, Janice Russell
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40337-015-0078-7.].
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Marit Danielsen, Øyvind Rø, Ulla Romild, Sigrid Bjørnelv
BACKGROUND: The link between compulsive exercise and eating disorders is well known, but research with clinical samples has been limited. The purpose of the study was to investigate changes in attitudes towards compulsive exercise and its impact on outcome at follow-up in female adult hospitalised patients with eating disorders. METHODS: The sample consisted of 78 patients: Diagnostic distribution: anorexia nervosa 59 % (n = 46), approximately 22 % (n = 16) in bulimia nervosa, and Eating Disorder not Otherwise Specified respectively...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes
BACKGROUND: Individuals with anorexia nervosa frequently feel ambivalent about treatment and weight restoration, and drop out and relapse rates in treatment are high. Increased insight into the function of the eating disorder is considered essential for achieving long-lasting, meaningful change. However, research investigating the functions of anorexia nervosa tends to focus on the role of the disease per se. Distinctions are rarely made across features. In particular, the subjective experience, understanding and sense making of the engagement in compulsive exercise in individuals with anorexia nervosa has received little attention...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Stephen P Lewis, Laura Klauninger, Ivana Marcincinova
Pro eating disorder websites often contain celebrity-focused content (e.g., images) used as thinspiration to engage in unhealthy eating disorder behaviours. The current study was conducted to examine whether news media stories covering eating disorder disclosures of celebrities corresponded with increases in Internet searches for pro eating disorder material. Results indicated that search volumes for pro eating disorder terms spiked in the month immediately following such news coverage but only for particularly high-profile celebrities...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz
The Journal of Eating Disorders editorial team would like to thank all reviewers who have contributed to the journal in 2015.
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
Kelly Ann Zainal, Beth Renwick, Alexandra Keyes, Anna Lose, Martha Kenyon, Hannah DeJong, Hannah Broadbent, Lucy Serpell, Lorna Richards, Eric Johnson-Sabine, Nicky Boughton, Linette Whitehead, Janet Treasure, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a series of process evaluations within the MOSAIC Trial (Maudsley Outpatient Study of Treatments for Anorexia Nervosa and Related Conditions). This randomised controlled trial (RCT) compared two psychological treatments, the Maudsley Model for Treatment of Adults with Anorexia Nervosa (MANTRA) and Specialist Supportive Clinical Management (SSCM) for adult outpatients with Anorexia Nervosa. The present process study integrates quantitative (treatment acceptability and credibility) and qualitative (written) feedback to evaluate patients' treatment experiences...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
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