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Fenhong Song, Long Ma, Jing Fan, Qicheng Chen, Lihui Zhang, Ben Q Li
Molecular dynamic simulations were adopted to study the wetting properties of nanoscale droplets on rough silicon solid substrate subject to perpendicular electric fields. The effect of roughness factor and electric field strength on the static and dynamic wetting behaviors of a nano-droplet on a solid surface was investigated at the molecular level. Results show that the static contact angle tends to decrease slightly and show small difference with the increase of roughness factor, while it shows an obvious increase for the ramp-shaped surface because the appearing bottom space reduces the wettability of solid surface...
May 17, 2018: Nanomaterials
Siyam M Ansar, Saptarshi Chakraborty, Christopher L Kitchens
Mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNP-MUA) were synthesized and demonstrated to possess pH-triggered aggregation and re-dispersion, as well as the capability of phase transfer between aqueous and organic phases in response to changes in pH. The pH of aggregation for AuNP-MUA is consistent with the pKa of MUA (pH ~4) in solution, while AuNP-MUA phase transition between aqueous and organic phases occurs at pH ~9. The ion pair formation between the amine group in octadecylamine (ODA), the carboxylate group in MUA, and the hydrophobic alkyl chain of ODA facilitates the phase transfer of AuNP-MUA into an organic medium...
May 17, 2018: Nanomaterials
Nasser A M Barakat, Mohannad Alajami, Zafar Khan Ghouri, Saeed Al-Meer
The internal resistances of fuel cells strongly affect the generated power. Basically, in the fuel cell, the anode can be prepared by deposition of a film from the functional electrocatalyst on a proper gas diffusion layer. Accordingly, an interfacial resistance for the electron transport is created between the two layers. Electrocatalyst-functionalized gas diffusion layer (GDL) can distinctly reduce the interfacial resistance between the catalyst layer and the GDL. In this study, NiMn nanoparticles-decorated carbon felt is introduced as functionalized GDL to be exploited as a ready-made anode in a direct urea fuel cell...
May 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Fareeha Batool, Marion Strub, Catherine Petit, Isaac Maximiliano Bugueno, Fabien Bornert, François Clauss, Olivier Huck, Sabine Kuchler-Bopp, Nadia Benkirane-Jessel
This review encompasses different pre-clinical bioengineering approaches for periodontal tissues, maxillary jaw bone, and the entire tooth. Moreover, it sheds light on their potential clinical therapeutic applications in the field of regenerative medicine. Herein, the electrospinning method for the synthesis of polycaprolactone (PCL) membranes, that are capable of mimicking the extracellular matrix (ECM), has been described. Furthermore, their functionalization with cyclosporine A (CsA), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), or anti-inflammatory drugs' nanoreservoirs has been demonstrated to induce a localized and targeted action of these molecules after implantation in the maxillary jaw bone...
May 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Xiong Cao, Peng Deng, Shuangqi Hu, Lijun Ren, Xiaoxia Li, Peng Xiao, Yu Liu
The spherization of nanoenergetic materials is the best way to improve the sensitivity and increase loading densities and detonation properties for weapons and ammunition, but the preparation of spherical nanoenergetic materials with high regularization, uniform size and monodispersity is still a challenge. In this paper, nanoenergetic hollow spherical hexanitrostibene (HNS) derivatives were fabricated via a one-pot copolymerization strategy, which is based on the reaction of HNS and piperazine in acetonitrile solution...
May 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Xing Gao, Lei Zu, Xiaomin Cai, Ce Li, Huiqin Lian, Yang Liu, Xiaodong Wang, Xiuguo Cui
Insufficient energy density and poor cyclic stability is still challenge for conductive polymer-based supercapacitor. Herein, high performance electrochemical system has been assembled by combining poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT):poly (styrene sulfonate) (PSS) redox electrode and potassium iodide redox electrolyte, which provide the maximum specific capacity of 51.3 mAh/g and the retention of specific capacity of 87.6% after 3000 cycles due to the synergic effect through a simultaneous redox reaction both in electrode and electrolyte, as well as the catalytic activity for reduction of triiodide of the PEDOT:PSS...
May 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Antonio Turco, Anna Grazia Monteduro, Elisabetta Mazzotta, Giuseppe Maruccio, Cosimino Malitesta
Energy efficient, low-cost, user-friendly, and green methods for the removal of toxic phenolic compounds from aqueous solution are necessary for waste treatment in industrial applications. Herein we present an interesting approach for the utilization of oxidized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the removal of phenolic compounds from aqueous solution. Dried pristine CNTs were stably incorporated in a solid porous support of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) facilitating the handling during both oxidation process of the nanomaterial and uptake of phenolic compounds, and enabling their safe disposal, avoiding expensive post-treatment processes...
May 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
Zhongyi Guo, Haisheng Xu, Kai Guo, Fei Shen, Hongping Zhou, Qingfeng Zhou, Jun Gao, Zhiping Yin
Metasurfaces are capable of tailoring the amplitude, phase, and polarization of incident light to design various polarization devices. Here, we propose a metasurface based on the novel dielectric material gallium nitride (GaN) to realize high-efficiency modulation for both of the orthogonal linear polarizations simultaneously in the visible range. Both modulated transmitted phases of the orthogonal linear polarizations can almost span the whole 2π range by tailoring geometric sizes of the GaN nanobricks, while maintaining high values of transmission (almost all over 90%)...
May 15, 2018: Nanomaterials
Li Wang, Huan Qi, Lei Chen, Yantao Sun, Zhuang Li
We employ a facile and novel route to synthesize multifunctional Ag-Cu₂O nanocomposite films through the self-assembly of nanoparticles at an air-liquid interface. In the ethanol-water phase, AgNO₃ and Cu(NO₃)₂ were reduced to Ag-Cu₂O nanoparticles by NaBH₄ in the presence of cinnamic acid. The Ag-Cu₂O nanoparticles were immediately trapped at the air-liquid interface to form two-dimensional nanocomposite films after the reduction reaction was finished. The morphology of the nanocomposite films could be controlled by the systematic regulation of experimental parameters...
May 15, 2018: Nanomaterials
Zisheng Zhang, Shuanglong Lin, Xingang Li, Hong Li, Tong Zhang, Wenquan Cui
Novel carbon quantum dots (CQDs) modified with Bi₂O₂CO₃ (CQDs/Bi₂O₂CO₃) were prepared using a simple dynamic-adsorption precipitation method. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to test the material composition, structure, and band structures of the as-prepared samples. Methylene blue (MB) and colorless phenol, as target organic pollutants, were used to evaluate the photocatalytic performance of the CQDs/Bi₂O₂CO₃ hybrid materials under visible light irradiation...
May 15, 2018: Nanomaterials
Tao Wang, Juhong Zhou, Yan Wang
Ag⁻Pt nanoparticles, grafted on Ge wafer, were synthesized by the galvanic replacement reaction based on their different potentials. Detailed characterization through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) and X-ray photo-elelctron spectroscopy (XPS) proved that Ag⁻Pt nanoparticles are composed of large Ag nanoparticles and many small Pt nanoparticles instead of an Ag⁻Pt alloy. When applied as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates to detect Rhodamine 6G (1 × 10-8 M) or Crystal violet (1 × 10-7 M) aqueous solution in the line mapping mode, all of the obtained relative standard deviation (RSD) values of the major characteristic peak intensities, calculated from the SERS spectra of 100 serial spots, were less than 10%...
May 15, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yuzhu He, Yahui Jin, Xiumei Wang, Shenglian Yao, Yuanyuan Li, Qiong Wu, Guowu Ma, Fuzhai Cui, Huiying Liu
Guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique is widely used in the treatment of bone defects caused by peri-implantitis, periodontal disease, etc. However, the GBR membranes commonly used in clinical treatments currently have no antibacterial activity. Therefore, in this study, sequential layer-by-layer electrospinning and electrospraying techniques were utilized to prepare a gelatin (Gln) and chitosan (CS) composite GBR membrane containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHAp) and antimicrobial peptide (Pac-525)-loaded PLGA microspheres (AMP@PLGA-MS), which was supposed to have osteogenic and antibacterial activities...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yang Liu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Qiangwei Kou, Yue Chen, Yantao Sun, Donglai Han, Dandan Wang, Ziyang Lu, Lei Chen, Jinghai Yang, Scott Guozhong Xing
Nowadays, synthetic organic dyes and pigments discharged from numerous industries are causing unprecedentedly severe water environmental pollution, and conventional water treatment processes are hindered due to the corresponding sophisticated aromatic structures, hydrophilic nature, and high stability against light, temperature, etc. Herein, we report an efficient fabrication strategy to develop a new type of highly efficient, low-cost, and magnetically recoverable nanocatalyst, i.e., FePt⁻Ag nanocomposites, for the reduction of methyl orange (MO) and rhodamine B (RhB), by a facile seed deposition process...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Chang-Hyun Kim
Nanostructured and chemically modified graphene-based nanomaterials possess intriguing properties for their incorporation as an active component in a wide spectrum of optoelectronic architectures. From a technological point of view, this aspect brings many new opportunities to the now well-known atomically thin carbon sheet, multiplying its application areas beyond transparent electrodes. This article gives an overview of fundamental concepts, theoretical backgrounds, design principles, technological implications, and recent advances in semiconductor devices that integrate nanostructured graphene materials into their active region...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Wu Wen, Biao Han, Feng Yan, Liang Ding, Bojie Li, Liansheng Wang, Lei Zhu
We describe here the preparation of copper nanoparticles stabilized on a chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) composite film. This material could catalyze the borylation of α,β-unsaturated acceptors in aqueous media under mild conditions. The corresponding organoboron compounds as well as their converted β-hydroxyl products were all obtained in good to excellent yields. It is noteworthy that this catalyst of copper nanoparticles can be easily recycled eight times and remained catalytically reactive. This newly developed methodology provides an efficient and sustainable pathway for the synthesis of organoboron compounds and application of copper nanoparticles...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Andrea Lamberti
Transition-metal oxide (TMO) nanostructures are the focus of current research efforts in nanotechnology since they are the most common minerals on Earth, and also thanks to their special shapes, compositions, and chemical and physical properties.[...].
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yu Wang, Chunyan Dou, Guidong He, Litong Ban, Liang Huang, Zheng Li, Jixian Gong, Jianfei Zhang, Peng Yu
In wound care management, the prevention of wound infection and the retention of an appropriate level of moisture are two major challenges. Therefore, designing an excellent antibacterial hydrogel with a suitable water-adsorbing capacity is very important to improve the development of wound dressings. In this paper, a novel silver nanoparticles/poly (gamma-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) composite dressing was prepared for biomedical applications. The promoted wound-healing ability of the hydrogels were systematically evaluated with the aim of attaining a novel and effective wound dressing...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
Jinhyeong Kwon, Hyunmin Cho, Jinwook Jung, Habeom Lee, Sukjoon Hong, Junyeob Yeo, Seungyong Han, Seung Hwan Ko
To date, solar energy generation devices have been widely studied to meet a clean and sustainable energy source. Among them, water splitting photoelectrochemical cell is regarded as a promising energy generation way for splitting water molecules and generating hydrogen by sunlight. While many nanostructured metal oxides are considered as a candidate, most of them have an improper bandgap structure lowering energy transition efficiency. Herein, we introduce a novel wet-based, successive photoreduction process that can improve charge transfer efficiency by surface plasmon effect for a solar-driven water splitting device...
May 12, 2018: Nanomaterials
Tamara Krajnović, Danijela Maksimović-Ivanić, Sanja Mijatović, Dijana Drača, Katharina Wolf, David Edeler, Ludger A Wessjohann, Goran N Kaluđerović
In this study mesoporous silica SBA-15 was evaluated as a vehicle for the transport of cytotoxic natural product emodin (EO). SBA-15 was loaded with different quantities of EO (SBA-15|EO1⁻SBA-15|EO5: 8⁻36%) and characterized by traditional methods. Several parameters (stabilities) and the in vitro behavior on tumor cell lines (melanoma A375, B16 and B16F10) were investigated. SBA-15 suppresses EO release in extremely acidic milieu, pointing out that EO will not be discharged in the stomach. Furthermore, SBA-15 protects EO from photodecomposition...
May 12, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yoon-Mi Kim, Bu-Yeon Hwang, Ki-Wook Lee, Jin-Yeol Kim
Highly stable and durable conductive silver nanowire (Ag NW) network electrode films were prepared through decoration with a 5-nm-thick Ti layer. The Ag NW network 2-D films showed sheet resistance values as low as 32 ohm/sq at 88% transparency when decorated with Ti. These 2-D films exhibited a 30% increase in electrical conductivity while maintaining good stability of the films through enhanced resistance to moisture and oxygen penetration as a result of the protective effect of the Ti layer.
May 11, 2018: Nanomaterials
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