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Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

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[This corrects the article on p. 435 in vol. 7, PMID: 30090790.].
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
P Thangaraju, S Venkatesan, E Sivashanmugam, M K Showkath Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jogender Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Nitin Gupta, Ankit Mittal, Sharada V Kutty, Arvind Kumar, Naveet Wig
Context: There is a huge burden of patients with acute febrile illness (AFI) during the post-monsoon season in India. It is very important to have a functioning triage system, whereby patients with high likelihood of developing a severe illness are referred to higher levels of care. Aim: The objective of this study was to identify the alarm signs which would help in triaging of those patients with AFI without any specific diagnosis. Methods: This was a retrospective review of records, whereby clinical and laboratory parameters of patients with AFI admitted in our tertiary care center between July 2016 and October 2016 were reviewed...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Agam Bansal, Chandan Garg, Abhijith Pakhare, Samiksha Gupta
Background: Selfie deaths have become an emerging problem and we performed this study to assess the epidemiology of selfie-related deaths across the globe. Subject and Methods: We performed a comprehensive search for keywords such as "selfie deaths; selfie accidents; selfie mortality; self photography deaths; koolfie deaths; mobile death/accidents" from news reports to gather information regarding selfie deaths. Results: From October 2011 to November 2017, there have been 259 deaths while clicking selfies in 137 incidents...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Meshari Nawar Alotaibi, Osama Abdelhay
Background: In general, physicians and family physicians more specifically tend to treat themselves in an informal matter. The evidence suggests that family physicians have a tendency not to consult other physicians while they are sick and tend to self-treat. Health-related absenteeism among family physicians in primary care settings is an issue that needs to be addressed. Aim: The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence of health-related absenteeism among family physicians in Al-Wazarat Health Center and to investigate the medical causes associated with sickness absence...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Nikitha Dharmaraju, Sonam Shah Mauleshbhai, Nirupama Arulappan, Beeson Thomas, D Sam Marconi, Sherin Susan Paul, Venkat Raghava Mohan
Introduction: As we are moving from millennium development goals to sustainable development goals, food insecurity is imposing a formidable challenge to the policymakers, especially in developing countries such as India. A survey conducted in the urban slum areas of Vellore district, 6 years back, had reported food insecurity as high as 75%. The current study was a resurvey to assess the food security status in the aforementioned area. Materials and Methods: A community-based survey was conducted in which data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire from 150 households, selected through multistaged cluster sampling, who had given oral consent to be a part of the survey...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Satyendra Kumar Sonkar, Harendra Pratap Singh, Gyanendra Kumar Sonkar, Sant Pandey
Introduction: Anemia is common in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and diabetes is a major leading risk factor for it. In Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD), it worsens more, which further increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite of adequate iron stores anemia persist, which may be due to impaired iron release from body stores that is unable to meet the demand for erythropoiesis (also called reticuloendothelial cell iron blockade). High parathyroid hormone (PTH) along with vitamin D, may be attributable for anemia...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Yashneel Singh Rautela, B Venkatashiva Reddy, Amit Kumar Singh, Arti Gupta
Background: The rising burden of obesity is a threat to both developed and developing countries. Obesity is a killer lifestyle disease. Different aspects of the local environment play a key role in the occurrence of obesity. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of obesity among adult, its associated factors, and its relationship with retail food outlet density in Srikot, Uttarakhand. Materials and Methods: This study was a community-based cross-sectional study, carried out in Srikot, Uttarakhand, in 2016 among 155 adults systematically sampled, aged above 20 years...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Priyanka Negi, Aprajita Mishra, Pramesh Lakhera
Background: This study tried to find out the prevalence of menstrual abnormalities in adolescent girls and their association with dietary and exercise pattern in Garhwal region of India. Materials and Methods: In this study, cross-sectional questionnaires survey was conducted in different schools of Garhwal. These questionnaires were based on socioeconomic data, dietary and physical activities, and menstrual abnormalities. Results: The age of menarche was 13...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jagjivan Babu Geddam, Prasad Rao Kommu, Satyendra Nath Ponna, Raja Sriswan Mamidi, Suresh Babu Kokku, Shankar Reddy Dudala, Bontha Babu Veerraju
Background: The aim of this study is to assess the childhood immunization uptake and its determinants among the internal migrant population living in nonnotified slums of Hyderabad City, India. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study of 768 rural-urban migrant mothers with a child under 2 years of age residing for period minimum of 30 days, but not more than 10 years. Data were collected for sociodemographic details, health-seeking behavior, antenatal, postnatal services, and reception of vaccines appropriate for age...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan, Deepak K Raut, Anita Khokhar
Background: HIV counseling and testing services are a key entry point in prevention of HIV infection, treatment, and care of people with HIV. Evaluation of counseling, testing, and referral services help to increase the effectiveness, efficiency, and quality of services delivered by providers by improving any deficiencies in availability, accessibility, and acceptability of testing and counseling services. The objective of this study was to evaluate the integrated counseling and testing centers (ICTC) in New Delhi...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
John Titus George, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Ramya Iyadurai
Introduction: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious acute metabolic complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). It is classified into mild, moderate, and severe based on severity as per the American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines. There are limited data on the correlation between the severity of DKA and its outcomes using this classification system. The aim is to study the correlation between the outcomes and severity of DKA in a tertiary care center in India. Methodology: In this retrospective pilot study, 1527 patients with DM were identified over a span of 3 years, of which 63 had a discharge diagnosis of DKA and 37 fulfilled the ADA criteria for DKA...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Sanjeev Davey, Chaitanya Maheshwari, Santosh Kumar Raghav, Nirankar Singh, Khursheed Muzammil, Prakhar Pandey
Introduction: In National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD), the management of ear diseases of rural India is now guided by Revised Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) for Rural Health Facilities for providing quality ear care. However, despite the IPHS existence, coverage and quality ear care is questionable. Moreover, this issue has not yet been studied till now in the Indian context. The objective of the study was to assess the role of Private Medical College Training Center (Rural Health Training Centre [RHTC]) in augmenting quality of ear care services in NPPCD at district level by adopting IPHS Standards...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Preeti Gaddad, Harish Kumar Pemde, Srikanta Basu, Mukesh Dhankar, Sathya Rajendran
Aim: To Study Relationship of physical activity (PA) with body image, self-esteem, body mass index (BMI), sedentary lifestyle and eating attitude in adolescents. Methods: An observational cross-sectional study done at the Centre for Adolescent Health, Kalawati Saran Children Hospital, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India. Volunteering adolescents between the age group of 13 and 18 years were included and assessed using PA questionnaire for adolescents Score, Body Shape Questionnaire-34 Score, Rosenberg self esteem Score, adolescent sedentary activity questionnaire score, eating attitude test (EAT-26) and BMI Z-score...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Mohammed Abadi Alsaleem
Background: Dysmenorrhoea is a common health problem among females in their reproductive years. Available information on dysmenorrhoea in university student in abah, Saudi Arabia is limited. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and associated menstrual symptoms and their self-management techniques among female university students of King Khalid University (KKU). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at College of health science in KKU, Saudi Arabia...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Partha Haldar, Shashi Kant, Vikas Yadav, Jitendra Majhi, Sumit Malhotra, Ravneet Kaur, Rakesh Kumar, Arvind Kumar Singh, Siddaiah Archana, Ayush Lohia, Ramashankar Rath, Farhad Ahamed
Introduction: To combat anemia among pregnant women, in Haryana, Northern India, administration of intravenous iron sucrose (IVIS) was initiated in 2014 as a public-health measure. We assessed the effect of IVIS on hemoglobin (Hb) levels among the pregnant anemic women. Methods: Pregnant women identified as moderately or severely anemic (Hb <10.0 g/dL) in the second or third trimester during routine antenatal care were prescribed IVIS in a standard-dose of 400 mg given as 100 mg on alternate days...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Nan Nitra Than, Htay Lwin, Khine Lynn Phyu, Mila Nu Nu Htay, Soe Moe, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
Background: Disease surveillance is one of the major components to combat against infectious diseases. As health-care professionals are indispensable to mandatory notifiable disease surveillance, their knowledge and attitudes toward infectious disease notification played an important role for timely and effective reporting to the surveillance system. Therefore, we aimed to determine the knowledge of mandatory notifiable infectious diseases in Malaysia and attitude towards infectious disease reporting among final year medical students...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Happy Chutia, Himashree Bhattacharyya, Alice Abraham Ruram, Kaustubh Bora, Montosh Chakraborty
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and thyroid dysfunctions are the two most common endocrine disorders to come across in any clinical practice. Both thyroid hormones and insulin act antagonistically in metabolic pathways or cycles of cells. The aim of our study is to look for thyroid dysfunction in patients with type 2 DM and its correlation with insulin resistance (IR). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 80 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Salma Hussain Abu-Grain, Sanaa Sadiq Alsaad, Dalia Yahia El Kheir
Background: Being the first in-line care providers, primary health-care (PHC) physicians may encounter all forms of emergencies, ranging from minor complaints to life-threatening events. This wide variation of cases challenges the physicians to be competent in emergency medicine. Informative literature describing and assessing the factors affecting PHC physicians' emergency medical services (EMS)-related practice is deficient (nationally and internationally). The aim of this study is to assess PHC physicians' practice related to EMS, the factors affecting it, as well as their learning needs and preferred methods of continuous training in emergency medicine...
July 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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