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Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895924/urinary-arsenic-species-concentration-in-residents-living-near-abandoned-metal-mines-in-south-korea
#1
Jin-Yong Chung, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Byung-Kook Lee, Jai-Dong Moon, Joon Sakong, Man Joong Jeon, Jung-Duck Park, Byung-Sun Choi, Nam-Soo Kim, Seung-Do Yu, Jung-Wook Seo, Byeong-Jin Ye, Hyoun-Ju Lim, Young-Seoub Hong
BACKGROUND: Arsenic is a carcinogenic heavy metal that has a species-dependent health effects and abandoned metal mines are a source of significant arsenic exposure. Therefore, the aims of this study were to analyze urinary arsenic species and their concentration in residents living near abandoned metal mines and to monitor the environmental health effects of abandoned metal mines in Korea. METHODS: This study was performed in 2014 to assess urinary arsenic excretion patterns of residents living near abandoned metal mines in South Korea...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891240/differences-in-the-clinical-manifestations-and-short-term-prognosis-of-acute-cerebral-infarction-after-exposure-to-agent-orange
#2
SangWoo Han, Inha Hwang, Seung Min Kim, Young Soon Yang, SangWon Ha, Jeong Ho Han, Tae Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: Agent Orange (AO) is the code name for one of the herbicides and defoliants used in the Vietnam War. Studies conducted thus far show a significant correlation between AO and the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. But there is little data on the association between AO and stroke, and limited studies have targeted patient groups exposed to AO. METHOD: Bohun medical center Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved the study. (ID: 341) We studied patients with acute ischemic stroke within 7 days of onset in VHS medical center and 4 other general hospitals...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891239/two-cases-of-methyl-alcohol-intoxication-by-sub-chronic-inhalation-and-dermal-exposure-during-aluminum-cnc-cutting-in-a-small-sized-subcontracted-factory
#3
Jia Ryu, Key Hwan Lim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyang Woon Lee, Ji Young Yun, Seoung-Wook Kim, Ji-Hoon Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Methyl alcohol poisoning has been mainly reported in community. Two cases of methyl alcohol poisoning occurred in a small-sized subcontracted factory which manufactured smartphone parts in Korea. CASE PRESENTATION: One young female patient presented with dyspnea and visual disturbance. Another young male patient presented with visual disturbance and myalgia. They treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion and hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis. In addition, he received ethyl alcohol per oral treatment...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891238/the-effect-of-long-working-hours-on-10-year-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-the-korean-population-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2007-to-2013
#4
Dong-Wook Lee, Yun-Chul Hong, Kyoung-Bok Min, Tae-Shik Kim, Min-Seok Kim, Mo-Yeol Kang
BACKGROUND: Recently, the emergence of long working hours and the associated conditions such as coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke have gained attention. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between long working hours and the 10-year-risk of CHD and stroke, estimated by Jee's health risk-appraisal model for ischemic heart disease. METHODS: We analyzed data from Koreans who randomly enrolled in Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2012 and finally included 13,799 participants...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891237/the-impact-of-fire-suppression-tasks-on-firefighter-hydration-a-critical-review-with-consideration-of-the-utility-of-reported-hydration-measures
#5
REVIEW
Adam Walker, Rodney Pope, Robin Marc Orr
BACKGROUND: Firefighting is a highly stressful occupation with unique physical challenges, apparel and environments that increase the potential for dehydration. Dehydration leaves the firefighter at risk of harm to their health, safety and performance. The purpose of this review was to critically analyse the current literature investigating the impact of fighting 'live' fires on firefighter hydration. METHODS: A systematic search was performed of four electronic databases for relevant published studies investigating the impact of live fire suppression on firefighter hydration...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891236/morbidity-patterns-among-the-welders-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Suman Bahadur Singh, Surya Raj Niraula, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Welding process has many hazards that the welders are exposed to resulting in numbers of health effects and diseases. Safety measures and practices among welders are important ways of preventing or reducing the health hazards associated with this occupation. We conducted this study to find out the morbidity patterns among the welders working in eastern Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among 300 welders using semi structured questionnaire...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777785/descriptive-study-of-claims-for-occupational-mental-disorders-or-suicide
#7
Jihoon Lee, Inah Kim, Sooyong Roh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of claimed mental disorders. Because the workers believed the cause of the mental disorders was work-related stress or a specific event, we could identify the major work-related stressor for claimed cases. METHODS: We included claimed cases of occupational mental disorder or suicide reported during 2010-2014 to the Korea Workers Compensation and Welfare Service (KCOMWEL), established by Industrial Accidents Insurance (IACI) Act...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777784/relating-factors-to-wearing-personal-radiation-protectors-among-healthcare-professionals
#8
Yunjeong Heo, Hosun Chun, Seonghoon Kang, Wonjin Lee, Taewon Jang, Jongtae Park
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of medical radiologic procedures, wearing proper protector should be emphasized to reduce occupational radiation exposures. This research describes the rates of lead apron wearing for radiation protection and assessed occupational factors related to wearing rates for various types of healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey through a website, on-site visits, fax, and mail. Of the 13,489 participants, 8858 workers who could not completely separate themselves from radiological procedure areas...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777783/relationship-of-workplace-violence-and-perpetrators-on-sleep-disturbance-data-from-the-4th-korean-working-conditions-survey
#9
Taejun Yoo, Byeongjin Ye, Jung-Il Kim, Siwoo Park
OBJECTIVE: The present study analyzed relationship of workplace violence and perpetrators of violence on sleep disturbance among wage workers in Korea. METHODS: The present study used data from the 4th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS) of 2014 in selecting a total of 25,138wage workers as the study population, which excluded those who failed or refused to respond to questions required for the present study. The workplace violence experience group included people who satisfied at least one of six relevant criteria (verbal abuse, unwanted sexual attention, threatening or humiliating behavior, physical violence, bullying/harassment, and sexual harassment) and the group was divided according to whether the perpetrator of violence was a client or colleague...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777782/self-resilience-as-a-protective-factor-against-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-police-officers
#10
Jong-Ku Lee, Hyeon-Gyeong Choi, Jae-Yeop Kim, Juhyun Nam, Hee-Tae Kang, Sang-Baek Koh, Sung-Soo Oh
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to check whether self-resilience, one of the characteristics known to affect the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing traumatic events, could serve as a protective factor for police officers whose occupational factors are corrected. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which 112 male police officers in Gangwon Province participated. They visited the Wonju Severance Christian Hospital Occupational Environment Center for medical check-ups from June to December 2015...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766160/risk-factors-for-lesions-of-the-knee-menisci-among-workers-in-south-korea-s-national-parks
#11
Donghee Shin, Kanwoo Youn, Eunja Lee, Myeongjun Lee, Hweemin Chung, Deokweon Kim
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of the menisci lesions in national park workers and work factors affecting this prevalence. METHODS: The study subjects were 698 workers who worked in 20 Korean national parks in 2014. An orthopedist visited each national park and performed physical examinations. Knee MRI was performed if the McMurray test or Apley test was positive and there was a complaint of pain in knee area. An orthopedist and a radiologist respectively read these images of the menisci using a grading system based on the MRI signals...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761267/the-association-between-long-working-hours-and-hearing-impairment-in-noise-unexposed-workers-data-from-the-5th-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2010-2012
#12
Jung-Woo Park, Jin-Soo Park, Seyoung Kim, Minkyu Park, Hyunrim Choi, Sinye Lim
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed at finding out the relationship between long working hours, one of major job stress elements, and hearing impairment in unexposed workers to occupational and environmental noise. METHODS: This study was performed on 1628 regular, full-time wage workers between the age of 25-64 who indicated in the survey of having no experience of exposure to noise, normal otoscopic findings, and not suffering from diabetes based on the data from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2010-2012)...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761266/ambulatory-heart-rate-of-professional-taxi-drivers-while-driving-without-their-typical-psychosocial-work-stressors-a-pilot-study
#13
BongKyoo Choi, SangJun Choi, JeeYeon Jeong, JiWon Lee, Shi Shu, Nu Yu, SangBaek Ko, Yifang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined ambulatory cardiovascular physiological parameters of taxi drivers while driving in relation to their occupational hazards. This study aims to investigate and quantify the impact of worksite physical hazards as a whole on ambulatory heart rate of professional taxi drivers while driving without their typical worksite psychosocial stressors. METHODS: Ambulatory heart rate (HRdriving) of 13 non-smoking male taxi drivers (24 to 67 years old) while driving was continuously assessed on their 6-hour experimental on-road driving in Los Angeles...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761265/relationship-between-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-night-shift-work
#14
So-Hyun Moon, Bum-Joon Lee, Seong-Jin Kim, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Night shift work has well-known adverse effects on health. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between thyroid diseases and night shift work. This study aimed to examine night shift workers and their changes in thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) levels over time. METHODS: Medical check-up data (2011-2015) were obtained from 967 female workers at a university hospital in Incheon, Korea. Data regarding TSH levels were extracted from the records, and 2015 was used as a reference point to determine night shift work status...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752325/computer-use-at-work-is-associated-with-self-reported-depressive-and-anxiety-disorder
#15
Taeshik Kim, Mo-Yeol Kang, Min-Sang Yoo, Dongwook Lee, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: With the development of technology, extensive use of computers in the workplace is prevalent and increases efficiency. However, computer users are facing new harmful working conditions with high workloads and longer hours. This study aimed to investigate the association between computer use at work and self-reported depressive and anxiety disorder (DAD) in a nationally representative sample of South Korean workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on the third Korean Working Conditions Survey (2011), and 48,850 workers were analyzed...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708787/air-pollution-and-urinary-n-acetyl-b-glucosaminidase-levels-in-residents-living-near-a-cement-plant
#16
Min Soo Jung, Jae Yoon Kim, Hyun Seung Lee, Chul Gab Lee, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: To identify adverse renal effects due to air pollution derived from a cement plant in Korea. Urinary n-acetyl-B-glucosaminidase (U-NAG) levels in residents living near a cement plant were compared to those in a group who lived farther away from the plant. METHODS: From June to August 2013 and from August to November 2014, laboratory tests for U-NAG and heavy metal were conducted on 547 study participants. Based on the level of air pollution exposure, subjects were divided into the "less exposed group," (LEG) which consisted of 66 persons who lived more than 5 km away from the cement plant, the "more exposed group from the rural area" (MEG-R), which consisted of 272 persons, and the "more exposed group from downtown area" (MEG-D), which consisted of 209 persons who lived within a 1 km radius of the cement plant...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688888/comparisons-of-hearing-threshold-changes-in-male-workers-with-unilateral-conductive-hearing-loss-exposed-to-workplace-noise-a-retrospective-cohort-study-for-8%C3%A2-years
#17
Sang Jin Park, Joo Hyun Sung, Chang Sun Sim, Seok Hyeon Yun, Jeong Han Yeom, Joong-Keun Kwon, Jiho Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate hearing threshold changes of workers with unilateral conductive hearing loss who were exposed to workplace noise for 8-years. METHODS: Among 1819 workers at a shipyard in Ulsan, 78 subjects with an air-bone gap ≥10 dBHL in unilateral ears were selected. Factors that could affect hearing were acquired from questionnaires, physical examinations, and biochemistry examinations. Paired t-test was conducted to compare the hearing threshold changes over time between conductive hearing loss (CHL) ear and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) ear...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660717/gender-differences-in-reasons-for-sickness-presenteeism-a-study-among-gps-in-a-swedish-health-care-organization
#18
Marie Gustafsson Sendén, Karin Schenck-Gustafsson, Ann Fridner
BACKGROUND: It is common that physicians go to work while sick and therefore it is important to understand the reasons behind. Previous research has shown that women and men differ in health and health related behavior. In this study, we examine gender differences among general practitioners who work while sick. METHODS: General practitioners (GP's) working in outpatient care in a Swedish city participated in the study (n = 283; women = 63 %; response rate = 41 %)...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660716/association-between-second-hand-smoke-and-psychological-well-being-amongst-non-smoking-wageworkers-in-republic-of-korea
#19
Seong-Jin Kim, Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Shin-Goo Park, Bum-Joon Lee, So-Hyun Moon, Sung-Min Park, Hyun-Suk Jang, Hwan-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) has been responsible for more than 0.6 million deaths and 10.9 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYS) lost in never smokers in 2004. The world health organization (WHO) reported smoking-related death of 58,000 per year in South Korea. There is recent emerging evidence of the associations of SHS exposure with anxiety or depression and poor mental health. Although exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) has been associated with various physical health conditions and mental health, we are unaware of any studies examining its association with psychological well-being as mental factor...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660715/night-shift-work-and-inflammatory-markers-in-male-workers-aged-20-39-in-a-display-manufacturing-company
#20
Seong-Woo Kim, Eun-Chul Jang, Soon-Chan Kwon, Wook Han, Min-Sung Kang, Young-Hyeon Nam, Yong-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the association between shift work and inflammatory markers, which are independent risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, in male manual workers at a display manufacturing company. METHODS: This study was conducted between June 1 and July 31, 2015 on 244 male manual workers aged 20-39 years old at a display manufacturing company and investigated age, marital status, education level, alcohol consumption habit, smoking habit, regular exercise habit, sleep duration, sleep debt, sleep insufficiency, past medical history, current and past shift work experience, duration of shift work, and weekly work hours through face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires and performed blood tests...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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