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Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#1
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515947/the-impact-of-body-armor-on-physical-performance-of-law-enforcement-personnel-a-systematic-review
#2
Colin Tomes, Robin Marc Orr, Rodney Pope
BACKGROUND: The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515946/the-responses-of-subjective-feeling-task-performance-ability-cortisol-and-hrv-for-the-various-types-of-floor-impact-sound-a-pilot-study
#3
Seok Hyeon Yun, Sang Jin Park, Chang Sun Sim, Joo Hyun Sung, Ahra Kim, Jang Myeong Lee, Sang Hyun Lee, Jiho Lee
BACKGROUND: Recently, noise coming from the neighborhood via floor wall has become a great social problem. The noise between the floors can be a cause of physical and psychological problems, and the different types of floor impact sound (FIS) may have the different effects on the human's body and mind. The purpose of this study is to assess the responses of subjective feeling, task performance ability, cortisol and HRV for the various types of floor impact. METHODS: Ten men and 5 women were enrolled in our study, and the English listening test was performed under the twelve different types of FIS, which were made by the combinations of bang machine (B), tapping machine (T), impact ball (I) and sound-proof mattress (M)...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400961/effect-of-shift-work-on-hypertension-cross-sectional-study
#5
Jeong Han Yeom, Chang Sun Sim, Jiho Lee, Seok Hyeon Yun, Sang Jin Park, Cheol-In Yoo, Joo Hyun Sung
BACKGROUND: The need of efficient resource management and full-time accessibility to resources has increased with the development of industry, resulting in the increase of shift workers. Previous researches of past decades show that there are various health effects on shift workers. However, the definition and the form of shift work have varied from each research and occupational harmful factors except for shift work have not been excluded completely in previous researches. Therefore, in this research, we tried to find out the effect of shift work focusing on the hypertension...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396797/validation-of-general-job-satisfaction-in-the-korean-labor-and-income-panel-study
#6
Shin Goo Park, Sang Hee Hwang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of general job satisfaction (JS) in the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS). METHODS: We used the data from the 17th wave (2014) of the nationwide KLIPS, which selected a representative panel sample of Korean households and individuals aged 15 or older residing in urban areas. We included in this study 7679 employed subjects (4529 males and 3150 females). The general JS instrument consisted of five items rated on a scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361005/respiratory-symptoms-and-illnesses-related-to-the-concentration-of-airborne-particulate-matter-among-brick-kiln-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#7
Seshananda Sanjel, Sanjay N Khanal, Steven M Thygerson, William S Carter, James D Johnston, Sunil K Joshi
BACKGROUND: Bricks have been manufactured in Nepal for hundreds of years and are seen as a component of Nepalese sculpture and architecture. Large quantities of hazardous materials including high concentrations of particulate matter are emitted on a daily basis from brick kilns. Exposure to these hazardous materials can lead to adverse consequences on the environment and human health. This study was conducted to  estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms/illnesses and the magnitude of respirable and total dust exposures among Nepalese brick kiln workers...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344816/vibration-upshot-of-operating-mechanical-sewing-machine-an-insight-into-common-peroneal-nerve-conduction-study
#8
Prakash Kumar Yadav, Ram Lochan Yadav, Deepak Sharma, Dev Kumar Shah, Niraj Khatri Sapkota, Dilip Thakur, Nirmala Limbu, Md Nazrul Islam
BACKGROUND: Most of the people associated with tailoring occupation in Nepal are still using mechanical sewing machine as an alternative of new technology for tailoring. Common peroneal nerves of both right and left legs are exposed to strenuous and chronic stress exerted by vibration and paddling of mechanical sewing machine. METHODS: The study included 30 healthy male tailors and 30 healthy male individuals. Anthropometric variables as well as cardio respiratory variables were determined for each subject...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344815/occupational-exposure-to-sharps-injury-among-healthcare-providers-in-ethiopia-regional-hospitals
#9
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Getaneh Baye Mulu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Kefyalew Dagne Gizachew
BACKGROUND: Sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. According to World Health Organization pooled estimate, the annual incidence of sharps injury in Africa was ranged from 2.10 to 4.68 per person per year, but research data in Ethiopia is limited. The aim of the study was to investigate sharps injury prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 healthcare providers (HCP) in Northeast Ethiopia...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286659/the-current-condition-of-the-workers-general-health-examination-in-south-korea-a-retrospective-study
#10
Young Joong Kang, Jun-Pyo Myong, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Jong Heon Park, Eun-A L Kim
BACKGROUND: Business owners in the Republic of Korea must take part in the workers' general health examination. However, there have been few formal analyses of the uptake of this examination by employees. In the present study, we examined the rates of participation in medical examinations according to age group, health insurance type, and enterprise size, and then compared these results with those of the national general health screening. Furthermore, we determined the distribution of patients with abnormal results for diabetes and hypertension, and outlined the significance and history of domestic health examinations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265414/pesticide-metabolite-and-oxidative-stress-in-male-farmers-exposed-to-pesticide
#11
Kang Myoung Lee, Sang-Yoo Park, Kyungsuk Lee, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang Baek Ko
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to measure malondialdehyde (MDA) and isoprostane which has been used as an index of lipid injury, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), which has been used as an index of DNA damage, and dialkyl-phosphate (DAP), which has been used to quantify pesticide exposure, and to investigate the relationship between pesticide exposure and oxidative stress. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study that evaluated 84 male farmers exposure to pesticide...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261489/practice-status-of-specialized-agencies-for-occupational-health-management-of-small-to-medium-size-enterprises-and-the-factors-improving-their-performance-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#12
Saerom Lee, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Young Joong Kang
BACKGROUND: We examined the current status of specialized agencies for occupational health management (SAs) and their workforce. Furthermore, we aimed to clarify the current practice status of SA healthcare professionals and factors that influence their performance. METHODS: To examine the current SA workforce, we analyzed data from the 2014 Survey of Current Status of SA and their Workforce from the Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL). Furthermore, we mailed out an original questionnaire to SA professionals to determine their current health management status and factors that affect their performance...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250959/participation-inequality-in-the-national-general-health-examination-based-on-enterprise-size
#13
Young Joong Kang, Jong Heun Park, Huisu Eom, Bohwa Choi, Seyoung Lee, Ji-Won Lee, Jun-Pyo Myong
BACKGROUND: Health examinations are performed so that diseases can be identified and treated earlier. Several studies have evaluated the determinants of participation in health examinations including cancer screening, but few have evaluated the relationship between the size of the enterprise and their participation in Workers' General Health Examinations (WGHE). The aim of the present study was to estimate the association of WGHE participation with the size of the enterprise and the type of policyholder...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239481/effectiveness-of-workers-general-health-examination-in-korea-by-health-examination-period-and-compliance-retrospective-cohort-study-using-nationwide-data
#14
Huisu Eom, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Bohwa Choi, Soon Woo Park, Young Joong Kang
BACKGROUND: Our study evaluated the effectiveness of the Workers' General Health Examination by health examination period and compliance. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of the health examination participants in 2006 (baseline year: N = 6,527,045) was used. We identified newly occurring cardio-cerebrovascular disease over 7 years (from 2007 to 2013). After stratification by age, sex, and national health insurance type, we identified 7 years' cumulative incidence of cardio-cerebrovascular disease by health examination compliance and estimated its relative risk by health examination period and compliance...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203379/the-first-evaluation-of-workers-general-health-examination-in-korea
#15
EDITORIAL
Eun-A Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042476/erratum-to-trends-in-research-on-indoor-radon-exposure-and-lung-cancer-in-south-korea
#16
Dae Ryong Kang, Dongmug Kang, Kyoung-Bok Min, Changsoo Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40557-016-0100-9.].
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042475/erratum-to-an-updated-review-of-case-control-studies-of-lung-cancer-and-indoor-radon-is-indoor-radon-the-risk-factor-for-lung-cancer
#17
Seungsoo Sheen, Keu Sung Lee, Wou Young Chung, Saeil Nam, Dae Ryong Kang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40557-016-0094-3.].
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980794/effects-of-shift-work-on-abdominal-obesity-among-20-39-year-old-female-nurses-a-5-year-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#18
Gyeong-Jin Lee, Kunhyung Kim, Se-Yeong Kim, Jeong-Ho Kim, Chunhui Suh, Byung-Chul Son, Chae-Kwan Lee, Junghye Choi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of shift work on abdominal obesity among young and middle-aged female nurses during a 5-year retrospective study. METHODS: This retrospective study included female nurses (20-39 years old) who worked at a university hospital in Korea and had available health screening results from 2010-2015. Among 2,611 employees, 934 healthy 20-39-year-old female nurses were identified, and data regarding their demographic information (age and date of employment), waist circumferences (WC), and lifestyle factors (alcohol and exercise) were obtained...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980793/environmental-health-centers-for-asbestos-and-their-health-impact-surveys-and-activities
#19
Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Yong-Jin Lee, Hyun-Hee Lee, Chang-Yeol Lee, Seong-Jae Moon, Min-Sung Kang
In 2009, Korea banned the import, transport, and use of asbestos, and the Asbestos Injury Relief Act (AIRA) was promulgated in 2011. Two environmental health centers for asbestos (EHCA), including Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital (PNUYH) and SoonChunHyang University Cheonan Hospital (SCHUCH), were adapted to find environmental asbestos-related diseases (ARDs) and to support the purposes of AIRA. EHCA conducted a health impact survey (HIS) on persons who resided or reside near asbestos factories or mines...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895924/urinary-arsenic-species-concentration-in-residents-living-near-abandoned-metal-mines-in-south-korea
#20
Jin-Yong Chung, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Byung-Kook Lee, Jai-Dong Moon, Joon Sakong, Man Joong Jeon, Jung-Duck Park, Byung-Sun Choi, Nam-Soo Kim, Seung-Do Yu, Jung-Wook Seo, Byeong-Jin Ye, Hyoun-Ju Lim, Young-Seoub Hong
BACKGROUND: Arsenic is a carcinogenic heavy metal that has a species-dependent health effects and abandoned metal mines are a source of significant arsenic exposure. Therefore, the aims of this study were to analyze urinary arsenic species and their concentration in residents living near abandoned metal mines and to monitor the environmental health effects of abandoned metal mines in Korea. METHODS: This study was performed in 2014 to assess urinary arsenic excretion patterns of residents living near abandoned metal mines in South Korea...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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