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Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702205/association-of-arsenobetaine-with-beta-cell-function-assessed-by-homeostasis-model-assessment-homa-in-nondiabetic-koreans-data-from-the-fourth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2008-2009
#1
Kiook Baek, Namhoon Lee, Insung Chung
BACKGROUND: Arsenic is known as an endocrine disruptor that people are exposed to through various sources such as drinking water and indigestion of marine products. Although some epidemiological and animal studies have reported a correlation between arsenic exposure and diabetes development, there are limited studies regarding the toxic effects of organic arsenic including arsenobetaine on the human body. Here, we analyzed the association between urine arsenobetaine and the homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β), which is an index for predicting diabetes development and reflecting the function of pancreatic β-cells...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670460/factors-affecting-heat-related-diseases-in-outdoor-workers-exposed-to-extreme-heat
#2
Jungsun Park, Yangho Kim, Inbo Oh
BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study are to: (i) evaluate the effect of environmental and metabolic heat on heat-related illnesses in outdoor workers; and (ii) evaluate the effect of personal factors, including heat acclimation, on the risk of heat-related illnesses in outdoor workers. METHODS: We identified 47 cases of illnesses from exposure to environmental heat in outdoor workers in Korea from 2010 to 2014, based on review of workers' compensation data...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670459/the-associations-between-blood-mercury-levels-and-shark-meat-intake-among-workers-in-gyeongsangbuk-do
#3
Gun Il Park, Young Seok Byun, Man Joong Jeon, Joon Sakong
BACKGROUND: Shark meat is used as sacrificial food in Gyeongsangbuk-do, and is a major source of dietary mercury. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of shark meat intake or the ritual of Jesa on blood mercury levels within workers living in Gyeongsangbuk-do. METHODS: This study was conducted from September 2016 to October 2016 in two cities of Gyeongsangbuk-do. To compare the differences between urban and rural areas, two workplaces each in Daegu as the urban area and Yeongcheon as the rural area were selected...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670458/the-work-relatedness-at-a-case-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-a-radiation-oncologist
#4
Bong Hyun Kim, Young-Jun Kwon, Young-Su Ju, Bong Kyu Kim, Hyun Seok Lee, Sang-Gil Lee, Yun Kyung Chung
BACKGROUND: Clinicians who perform radiation therapy (RT) are exposed to radiation, which may negatively affect their health. The present study reports a case of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a healthcare provider who was exposed to radiation at work; we also present a literature review of this topic. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old patient, who had been a radiation oncologist and had been exposed to radiation while performing brachytherapy 10 years ago, complained of chest pain and was suspected of having leukemia based on the results of a blood test in an outpatient clinic...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670457/hazards-and-health-problems-in-occupations-dominated-by-aged-workers-in-south-korea
#5
Jungsun Park, Soo Geun Kim, Jong-Shik Park, Boyoung Han, Kab Bae Kim, Yangho Kim
BACKGROUND: South Korea's population is aging more rapidly than any other country. Aging of the productive population will lead to shortage of labor and the decreasing quality of the labor force in South Korea. South Korea needs health care strategies to support the establishment of work environments that are appropriate for elderly workers who have reduced physical capacity. This paper aims to identify occupations that are dominated by aged workers and assess the exposure to hazards and work-related health problems of aged workers in these occupations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670456/levels-of-blood-lead-and-urinary-cadmium-in-industrial-complex-residents-in-ulsan
#6
Sang Hoon Kim, Yang Ho Kim, Hyun Chan An, Joo Hyun Sung, Chang Sun Sim
BACKGROUND: Populations neighboring industrial complexes are at an increased health risk, due to constant exposure to various potentially hazardous compounds released during industrial production activity. Although there are many previous studies that focus on occupational exposure to heavy metals, studies that focused on environmental exposure to lead and cadmium are relatively rare. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent of the environmental exposure of heavy metals in residents of industrial area...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652922/the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-sleep-quality-in-fixed-day-indoor-field-workers-in-the-electronics-manufacturing-industry-in-korea
#7
Young Saeng Jung, Chang Ho Chae, Young Ouk Kim, Jun Seok Son, Chan Woo Kim, Hyoung Ouk Park, Jun Ho Lee, Young Hoo Shin, Ho Sung Kwak
BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have investigated the influence of vitamin D on sleep patterns, there is a lack of research on the relationship between vitamin D and sleep patterns in Korean workers. This study focused on the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and sleep in fixed day indoor field workers in the electronics manufacturing industry in Korea. METHODS: The 1472 subjects who were included in this study were selected from fixed day workers in the electronics manufacturing industry who had received a worker's special health examination at a hospital in Changwon, South Gyeongsang Province between January 2015 and December 2015...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652921/comparison-of-facet-joint-degeneration-in-firefighters-and-hospital-office-workers
#8
Dong Hyun Kim, Yon Soo An, Hyung Doo Kim, Kyoung Sook Jeong, Yeon-Soon Ahn, Kun-Hyung Kim, Youngki Kim, Han-Soo Song, Chul-Gab Lee, Young-Jun Kwon, Jin-Ha Yoon
BACKGROUND: There are few published studies on the relationship between occupational lumbar load and facet joint degeneration (FJD). This cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the effect of physical lumbar load on FJD by comparing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of firefighters (FFs) and hospital office workers (HOWs). METHODS: We randomly sampled 341 male FFs and 80 male HOWs by age stratification. A questionnaire and clinical examination, including MRI of the lumbar spine (T12-S1), were conducted...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652920/perception-of-and-attitude-toward-ethical-issues-among-korean-occupational-physicians
#9
Junghye Choi, Chunhui Suh, Jong-Tae Lee, Segyeong Lee, Chae-Kwan Lee, Gyeong-Jin Lee, Taekjoong Kim, Byung-Chul Son, Jeong-Ho Kim, Kunhyung Kim, Dae Hwan Kim, Ji Young Ryu
BACKGROUND: Occupational physicians (OPs) have complex relationships with employees, employers, and the general public. OPs may have simultaneous obligations towards third parties, which can lead to variable conflicts of interests. Among the various studies of ethical issues related to OPs, few have focused on the Korean OPs. The aim of the present survey was to investigate the ethical contexts, the practical resolutions, and the ethical principles for the Korean OPs. METHODS: An email with a self-administered questionnaire was sent to members of the Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, comprising 150 specialists and 130 residents...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649392/blood-cadmium-and-volume-of-uterine-fibroids-in-premenopausal-women
#10
Shinhee Ye, Hye Won Chung, Kyungah Jeong, Yeon-Ah Sung, Hyejin Lee, So Yun Park, Hyunjoo Kim, Eun-Hee Ha
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have found associations between heavy metals and uterine fibroids, but the results are inconsistent. Here, we conducted this research to demonstrate the relationships between blood heavy metal concentrations and uterine fibroid volume as well as the rate of uterine fibroid presence. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we collected data from 308 premenopausal women aged 30-49 years in Seoul; uterine fibroids are ascertained by past history of myomectomy and pelvic ultrasonography...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649391/erratum-to-practice-status-of-specialized-agencies-for-occupational-health-management-of-small-to-medium-size-enterprises-and-the-factors-improving-their-performance-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#11
Saerom Lee, Jun-Pyo Myong, Eun-A Kim, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Young Joong Kang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40557-017-0161-4.].
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649390/erratum-to-the-current-condition-of-the-workers-general-health-examination-in-south-korea-a-retrospective-study
#12
Young Joong Kang, Jun-Pyo Myong, Huisu Eom, Bowha Choi, Jong Heon Park, Eun-A L Kim
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40557-017-0157-0.].
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649389/cases-of-acute-mercury-poisoning-by-mercury-vapor-exposure-during-the-demolition-of-a-fluorescent-lamp-factory
#13
Sang Yoon Do, Chul Gab Lee, Jae Yoon Kim, Young Hoon Moon, Min Sung Kim, In Ho Bae, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: In 2015, workers dismantling a fluorescent lamp factory in Korea were affected by mercury poisoning from exposure to mercury vapor. CASE PRESENTATION: Eighteen out of the 21 workers who participated in the demolition project presented with symptoms of poisoning and, of these, 10 had persistent symptoms even at 18 months after the initial exposure to mercury vapor. Early symptoms of 18 workers included a general skin rash, pruritus, myalgia, sleep disturbance, and cough and sputum production...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649388/systemic-sclerosis-due-to-crystalline-silica-exposure-among-jewelry-workers-in-korea-two-case-reports
#14
Jae Yoon Kim, Sang Yoon Do, Young Hoon Moon, Chul Gab Lee, Yun Sung Kim, Byung Soon Choi, Eun-A Kim, Han Soo Song
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to crystalline silica is a potential risk factor for various systemic autoimmune diseases including systemic sclerosis. The etiology of systemic sclerosis is not conclusively known, but there are epidemiological studies that show the relationship between exposure to crystalline silica and risk of systemic sclerosis. Here we report, for the first time, two cases of crystalline silica-related systemic sclerosis in patients who worked in crystal processing in the jewelry-manufacturing field...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616243/a-global-cross-cultural-study-examining-the-relationship-between-employee-health-risk-status-and-work-performance-metrics
#15
Ana Howarth, Jose Quesada, Peter R Mills
BACKGROUND: Health risk assessments (HRA) are used by many organisations as a basis for developing relevant and targeted employee health and well-being interventions. However, many HRA's have a western-centric focus and therefore it is unclear whether the results can be directly extrapolated to those from non-western countries. More information regarding the differences in the associations between country status and health risks is needed along with a more global perspective of employee health risk factors and well-being overall...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588897/a-physical-fitness-profile-of-state-highway-patrol-officers-by-gender-and-age
#16
J Jay Dawes, Robin M Orr, Richard R Flores, Robert G Lockie, Charlie Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes
BACKGROUND: Law enforcement officers perform physically demanding tasks that generally remain constant as they age. However, there is limited population-specific research on age, gender and normative fitness values for law enforcement officers as opposed to those of the general population. The purpose of this study was to profile the current level of fitness for highway patrol officers based on age and gender and provide percentile ranking charts unique to this population. METHODS: Retrospective data for six-hundred and thirty-one state troopers (♂ = 597; mean age = 39...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#17
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515947/the-impact-of-body-armor-on-physical-performance-of-law-enforcement-personnel-a-systematic-review
#18
Colin Tomes, Robin Marc Orr, Rodney Pope
BACKGROUND: The law enforcement officer profession requires performance of arduous occupational tasks while carrying an external load, consisting of, at minimum, a chest rig, a communication system, weaponry, handcuffs, personal protective equipment and a torch. The aim of this systematic review of the literature was to identify and critically appraise the methodological quality of published studies that have investigated the impacts of body armour on task performance and to synthesize and report key findings from these studies to inform law enforcement organizations...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515946/the-responses-of-subjective-feeling-task-performance-ability-cortisol-and-hrv-for-the-various-types-of-floor-impact-sound-a-pilot-study
#19
Seok Hyeon Yun, Sang Jin Park, Chang Sun Sim, Joo Hyun Sung, Ahra Kim, Jang Myeong Lee, Sang Hyun Lee, Jiho Lee
BACKGROUND: Recently, noise coming from the neighborhood via floor wall has become a great social problem. The noise between the floors can be a cause of physical and psychological problems, and the different types of floor impact sound (FIS) may have the different effects on the human's body and mind. The purpose of this study is to assess the responses of subjective feeling, task performance ability, cortisol and HRV for the various types of floor impact. METHODS: Ten men and 5 women were enrolled in our study, and the English listening test was performed under the twelve different types of FIS, which were made by the combinations of bang machine (B), tapping machine (T), impact ball (I) and sound-proof mattress (M)...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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