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United European Gastroenterology Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238594/young-gi-angle-the-role-of-bibliometrics-in-scientist-s-career-development
#1
Hubert Zatorski, Jakub Fichna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238593/severity-assessment-of-acute-pancreatitis-using-four-prognostic-factors-a-nationwide-multicenter-study-of-3682-cases-in-japan
#2
Shin Hamada, Atsushi Masamune, Kazuhiro Kikuta, Tooru Shimosegawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238592/predictors-and-characteristics-of-angioectasias-in-patients-with-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-identified-by-video-capsule-endoscopy
#3
Simon Nennstiel, Annkathrin Machanek, Stefan von Delius, Bruno Neu, Bernhard Haller, Mohamed Abdelhafez, Roland M Schmid, Christoph Schlag
Background: In obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, angioectasias are common findings in video capsule endoscopy (VCE). Objective: The objective of this study was to identify predictors and characteristics of small bowel angioectasias. Methods: Video capsule examinations between 1 July 2001 and 31 July 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding were identified, and those with small bowel angioectasia were compared with patients without a definite bleeding source...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238591/menopausal-hormone-therapy-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-in-women-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#4
Omid Sadr-Azodi, Peter Konings, Nele Brusselaers
Background: The role of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) in the development of pancreatic cancer is inconclusive owing to small studies and lack of proper study design. Methods: This population-based matched cohort study included all Swedish women who used systemic MHT between 1 July 2005 and 31 December 2012. For each user of MHT, three never-users of MHT were randomly selected, matched for childbirth, history of thromboembolic events, and previous hysterectomy, as well as for year of birth, diabetes, obesity, and smoking- or alcohol-related disorders...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238590/the-learning-curve-for-needle-knife-precut-sphincterotomy-revisited
#5
James Weiquan Li, Tiing Leong Ang, Jia Wen Kam, Andrew Boon Eu Kwek, Eng Kiong Teo
Background: There is no consensus on what constitutes adequate training for needle knife precut sphincterotomy. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the number of procedures required before effective and safe precut sphincterotomy can be achieved. Methods: This retrospective study examined the cumulative experience of a single endoscopist from January 2006-December 2015. Precut sphincterotomy success and complication rates were analyzed as a function of number of procedures performed...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238589/cannabidiol-restores-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-and-inhibits-the-apoptotic-process-induced-by-clostridium-difficile-toxin-a-in-caco-2-cells
#6
Stefano Gigli, Luisa Seguella, Marcella Pesce, Eugenia Bruzzese, Alessandra D'Alessandro, Rosario Cuomo, Luca Steardo, Giovanni Sarnelli, Giuseppe Esposito
Background: Clostridium difficile toxin A is responsible for colonic damage observed in infected patients. Drugs able to restore Clostridium difficile toxin A-induced toxicity have the potential to improve the recovery of infected patients. Cannabidiol is a non-psychotropic component of Cannabis sativa, which has been demonstrated to protect enterocytes against chemical and/or inflammatory damage and to restore intestinal mucosa integrity. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate (a) the anti-apoptotic effect and (b) the mechanisms by which cannabidiol protects mucosal integrity in Caco-2 cells exposed to Clostridium difficile toxin A...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238588/the-role-of-tips-in-the-management-of-liver-transplant-candidates
#7
Lukas W Unger, Theresa Stork, Theresa Bucsics, Susanne Rasoul-Rockenschaub, Katharina Staufer, Michael Trauner, Svenja Maschke, Max Pawloff, Thomas Soliman, Thomas Reiberger, Gabriela A Berlakovich
Background: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) implantation is used for treatment of several complications in patients with liver cirrhosis. Recent studies have identified a survival benefit for patients on the waiting list after TIPS implantation, but the optimal time point for TIPS implantation prior to orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has not been established. Study: This study retrospectively assessed patients undergoing TIPS implantation before or after listing for OLT at the Medical University of Vienna...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238587/bacterial-infections-in-acute-variceal-hemorrhage-despite-antibiotics-a-multicenter-study-of-predictors-and-clinical-impact
#8
Stephen Lee, Lynora Saxinger, Mang Ma, Verónica Prado, Joaquin Fernández, Deepali Kumar, Juan Gonzalez-Abraldes, Adam Keough, Ravin Bastiampillai, Michelle Carbonneau, Javier Fernandez, Puneeta Tandon
Background and aims: Current guidelines recommend antibiotic prophylaxis in all patients presenting with cirrhosis and acute variceal hemorrhage (AVH). We aimed to evaluate the characteristics and clinical impact of "early" infections (developing within 14 days) of AVH in a real-world setting. Methods: We analyzed retrospective data from a cohort of 371 adult patients with cirrhosis and AVH all of whom had received antibiotic prophylaxis (74% men; mean age 56 years), admitted to tertiary care hospitals in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and Barcelona, Spain...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238586/international-prospective-observational-study-of-upper-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-does-weekend-admission-affect-outcome
#9
Iain A Murray, Harry R Dalton, Adrian J Stanley, Jing H Ngu, Brian Maybin, Mahmoud Eid, Kenneth G Madsen, Rozeta Abazi, Hamad Ashraf, Mohamed Abdelrahim, Rebecca Lissmann, Jenny Herrod, Christopher Jl Khor, Hock S Ong, Doreen Sc Koay, Yung K Chin, Stig B Laursen
Introduction: Out of hours admissions have higher mortality for many conditions but upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage studies have produced variable outcomes. Methods: Prospective study of 12 months consecutive admissions of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage from four international high volume centres. Admission period (weekdays, weeknights or weekends), demographics, haemodynamic parameters, laboratory results, endoscopy findings, further procedures and 30-day mortality were recorded...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238585/human-intestinal-epithelium-in-a-dish-current-models-for-research-into-gastrointestinal-pathophysiology
#10
REVIEW
Manuel Noben, Wiebe Vanhove, Kaline Arnauts, Anabela Santo Ramalho, Gert Van Assche, Séverine Vermeire, Catherine Verfaillie, Marc Ferrante
Determining the exact pathogenesis of chronic gastrointestinal diseases remains difficult due to the complex in vivo environment. In this review we give an overview of the available epithelial cell culture systems developed to investigate pathophysiology of gastrointestinal diseases. Traditionally used two-dimensional (2D) immortalised (tumour) cell lines survive long-term, but are not genetically stable nor represent any human in particular. In contrast, primary cultures are patient unique, but short-lived...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238584/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-performance-of-nurses-in-small-bowel-capsule-endoscopy-reading
#11
Diana E Yung, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien, Sarah Douglas, John N Plevris, Reena Sidhu, Mark E McAlindon, Simon Panter, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
Introduction: Increasing demands on healthcare systems mean that nurses are taking on more roles as physician extenders. Capsule endoscopy (CE) is a laborious procedure where specialist nurses could reduce physician workload and rationalise resource utilisation. The aim of this review and meta-analysis is to consolidate data on nurses' performance in small bowel CE (SBCE). Materials and methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted for randomised controlled trials and comparative studies on nurses in SBCE reading compared to physicians...
December 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163974/major-advances-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-over-the-last-25-years-review-of-25th-ueg-week-anniversary-session
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163973/young-gastrointestinal-angle-study-design-in-gastroenterology
#13
Tomer Adar, Kate Fleming
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163972/prevalence-of-fecal-incontinence-in-a-cohort-of-systemic-sclerosis-patients-within-a-regional-referral-network
#14
A Garros, S Marjoux, C Khouatra, B Coppere, C Grange, A Hot, S Roman, H Damon, F Mion
Background: The prevalence of gastrointestinal involvement in systemic sclerosis is higher than 75%. The estimated prevalence of fecal incontinence varies from 22% to 77%, but suffers from recruitment bias and patient reluctance. Our goal was to evaluate the prevalence of fecal incontinence in systemic sclerosis, and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: Patients were recruited in the referral systemic sclerosis network of the Lyon University Hospitals, using self-administered questionnaires including constipation, fecal incontinence and Bristol Stool scales, quality of life, anxiety and depression...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163971/dexmedetomidine-vs-propofol-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Toshihiro Nishizawa, Hidekazu Suzuki, Naoki Hosoe, Haruhiko Ogata, Takanori Kanai, Naohisa Yahagi
Background and aim: Several randomized controlled trials have compared sedation with dexmedetomidine and propofol in gastrointestinal endoscopy, with contradictory results. We conducted a meta-analysis of data from randomized controlled trials that compared dexmedetomidine with propofol. Methods: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane library, and the Igaku-chuo-zasshi database for randomized trials eligible for inclusion in our meta-analysis. We identified six eligible randomized trials from the database search, and compared the effect of propofol versus dexmedetomidine with respect to: (a) patient's satisfaction level, (b) body movement or gagging, (c) cardiopulmonary complications, and (d) change in heart rate...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163970/effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-use-on-pancreatic-cancer-development-and-morphological-changes-on-imaging-in-ipmn-a-long-term-cohort-study
#16
Yusuke Takasaki, Naoyoshi Nagata, Koh Imbe, Yuya Hisada, Katsunori Sekine, Tsuyoshi Tajima, Mikio Yanase, Kazuma Fujimoto, Junichi Akiyama, Naomi Uemura
Background: Aspirin use may reduce the incidence of pancreatic cancer (PC), but no data are available regarding its chemopreventive effects on intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). We aimed to determine whether low-dose aspirin (LDA) reduces PC development and morphological changes on imaging in IPMN patients. Methods: A cohort of 448 IPMN patients periodically followed up with imaging tests was analyzed. We used one-to-two propensity score matching to adjust for differences between an LDA group (n = 63) and a non-LDA group (n = 385)...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163969/ercp-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-is-feasible-and-safe-results-from-a-tertiary-care-center
#17
Jasmin Felux, Ekkehard Sturm, Andreas Busch, Emanuel Zerabruck, Florian Graepler, Dietmar Stüker, Andreas Manger, Hans-Joachim Kirschner, Gunnar Blumenstock, Nisar P Malek, Martin Goetz
Background: Indications for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in children differ from adults. Paucity of data and concerns about potential lower effectiveness and more side effects limit its use even in high volume centers. We retrospectively analyzed indications, success rates, limitations, and side effects of ERCPs in children <18 years. Methods: From January 2012 to March 2015, 54 ERCPs were performed in 31 children (median age 11 (0-17) years; median weight 22 (3...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163968/brushing-the-distal-biliary-stricture-in-the-surrounding-of-the-papilla-increased-the-risk-of-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-a-retrospective-study-using-propensity-score-analysis
#18
Kunihiro Kato, Satoshi Sugimori, Yuki Kakiya, Hirotsugu Maruyama, Shusei Fukunaga, Yasuaki Nagami, Masatsugu Shiba, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Toshio Watanabe, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
Background and aims: Brushing cytology is useful for diagnosing biliary strictures. With regard to biliary stricture brushing at the distal common bile duct in the surrounding of the papilla, the risk of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis is unknown. Our study aimed to evaluate the risk of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis by using this procedure. Methods: A total of 150 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-naïve patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography including biliary stricture brushing were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163967/the-prevalence-of-pancreatic-cystic-lesions-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-is-double-that-in-controls
#19
Giulia Zerboni, Gabriele Capurso, Marco Di Pietropaolo, Francesco Carbonetti, Elsa Iannicelli, Massimo Marignani, Gianfranco Delle Fave
Background and aims: Pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) are commonly diagnosed incidentally and are often preneoplastic. Their presence may influence the management of patients with chronic diseases such as liver cirrhosis (LC). This study evaluated the prevalence and nature of PCLs in LC patients. Methods: The images of 192 LC patients and 192 controls who underwent either computed tomography scan or nuclear magnetic resonance were reviewed for the presence and nature of PCLs...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163966/risk-factors-and-survival-outcomes-of-biliary-complications-after-adult-to-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#20
Seogsong Jeong, Xin Wang, Ping Wan, Meng Sha, Jianjun Zhang, Lei Xia, Ying Tong, Yi Luo, Qiang Xia
The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and survival outcomes of biliary complications (BCs) after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) based on our single-center experience. From 2007 to 2010, 112 adult patients were assessed. Forty-nine patients (43.8%) experienced at least one episode of BCs, including biliary stricture and bile leak, occurring in 37.5% and 16.1% of the patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated that hepatic artery thrombosis (relative risk (RR), 5...
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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