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United European Gastroenterology Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228903/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2050640618756124.].
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228902/young-gi-angle-how-to-chair-a-session
#2
Henriette Heinrich, Rami Sweis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228901/adoption-of-colonoscopy-quality-measures-across-europe-by-riemann-et-al
#3
Michał F Kamiński, Marek Bugajski, Raf Bisschops
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228900/adoption-of-colonoscopy-quality-measures-across-europe-the-european-colonoscopy-quality-investigation-ecqi-group-experience
#4
Jürgen F Riemann, Anurag Agrawal, Pedro Amaro, Lene Brink, Wolfgang Fischbach, Mattias Hünger, Rodrigo Jover, Akiko Ono, Ervin Toth, Cristiano Spada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228899/leaving-colorectal-polyps-in-place-can-be-achieved-with-high-accuracy-using-blue-light-imaging-bli
#5
Helmut Neumann, Helmut Neumann Sen, Michael Vieth, Raf Bisschops, Florian Thieringer, Khan F Rahman, Thomas Gamstätter, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Peter R Galle
Objectives: A negative predictive value of more than 90% is proposed by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Preservation and Incorporation of Valuable Endoscopic Innovations (PIVI) statement for a new technology in order to leave distal diminutive colorectal polyps in place without resection. To our knowledge, no prior prospective study has yet evaluated the feasibility of the most recently introduced blue light imaging (BLI) system for real-time endoscopic prediction of polyp histology for the specific endpoint of leaving hyperplastic polyps in place...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228898/carbon-dioxide-insufflation-during-endoscopic-resection-of-large-colorectal-polyps-can-reduce-post-procedure-abdominal-pain-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Su Young Kim, Jun-Won Chung, Jung Ho Kim, Yoon Jae Kim, Kyoung Oh Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park
Background: Studies of the use of CO2 insufflation during endoscopic resection of large colorectal polyps (LCPs) are lacking. Objective: We evaluated the effect of CO2 insufflation on pain after endoscopic resection of LCPs. Methods: In a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT), 132 patients were randomly assigned to groups who underwent endoscopic resection with CO2 insufflation (CO2 group, n  = 66) or air insufflation (air group, n  = 66)...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228897/individual-invitation-letters-lead-to-significant-increase-in-attendance-for-screening-colonoscopies-results-of-a-pilot-study-in-northern-hesse-germany
#7
K Stratmann, H Bock, N Filmann, P Fister, C Weber, W Tacke, B Simonis, M Höftmann, O Schröder, J Hausmann, S Zeuzem, I Blumenstein
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cancer in Germany. Screening colonoscopies are considered an effective tool for early detection and prevention of CRC and are recommended in Germany for citizens over the age of 55. To increase the participation rate for screening colonoscopies, an invitation procedure was initiated in parts of Germany for patients between the ages of 55 and 75 who had never undergone a screening colonoscopy before. Methods: We examined the number of participating patients before, during, and after the invitation procedure and compared the number of the participating patients who received a cover letter with the participating patients from the control group...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228896/an-increased-bax-bcl-2-ratio-in-circulating-inflammatory-cells-predicts-primary-response-to-infliximab-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#8
Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Azade Amini Kadijani, Dario Sorrentino, Alireza Mirzaei, Shabnam Shahrokh, Hedieh Balaii, Marco Geraci, Mohammad Reza Zali
Background: Predicting the response of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients to infliximab (IFX) is an unmet clinical need. The expression and density of transmembrane tumor necrosis factor-α in circulating leukocytes maybe directly related to response by promoting apoptosis. Aim: We tested the hypothesis that direct apoptosis assessment by real-time polymerase chain reaction evaluation of pro-apoptotic (Bax) and anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2) proteins in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) might be associated with response to IFX...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228895/submucosal-fat-accumulation-in-human-colorectal-tissue-and-its-association-with-abdominal-obesity-and-insulin-resistance
#9
Seriko Wada, Yuichi Yasunaga, Kazumasa Oka, Naoki Dan, Eri Tanaka, Kaori Morita, Eriko Masuda, Kazunori Yanagawa, Hitoshi Matsumoto, Shinichi Yoshioka, Masaki Tsujie, Yoshiaki Inui, Sumio Kawata
Background: In addition to visceral fat, peripheral ectopic fat accumulation is suggested to play a role in the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome, which is known to be associated with not only cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus but also colorectal cancer. Objective: This study aims to clarify whether there is ectopic fat accumulation in human colorectal tissue in association with metabolic syndrome or its components such as abdominal obesity and insulin resistance...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228894/dietary-supplementation-of-vitamin-d-prevents-the-development-of-western-diet-induced-metabolic-hepatic-and-cardiovascular-abnormalities-in-rats
#10
Giovanna Mazzone, Carmine Morisco, Vincenzo Lembo, Giuseppe D'Argenio, Maria D'Armiento, Antonella Rossi, Carmine Del Giudice, Bruno Trimarco, Nicola Caporaso, Filomena Morisco
Background: The western diet high in fat and fructose may cause metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Objective: To evaluate whether long-term daily vitamin D3 supplementation prevents hepatic steatosis and cardiovascular abnormalities and restores insulin sensitivity caused by fat diet in rats without vitamin D deficiency. Methods: Three groups of rats were fed for 6 months with standard diet (SD), western diet (WD) or WD containing 23 IU/day/rat vitamin D3 , respectively...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228893/impact-of-nutritional-status-on-pulmonary-function-after-lung-transplantation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Katharina Staufer, Emina Halilbasic, Peter Hillebrand, Solveig Harm, Stefan Schwarz, Peter Jaksch, Danijel Kivaranovic, Walter Klepetko, Michael Trauner, Lili Kazemi-Shirazi
Background: Nutritional status is an important prognostic factor in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) prior to lung transplantation. Objective: To investigate the impact of nutritional status on pulmonary function in CF transplant recipients. Methods: Adult double lung transplanted CF patients were consecutively included. The predictive value of nutritional status on lung function - measured by spirometry - was longitudinally assessed by body composition serially evaluated by a three-compartment model bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in comparison to body mass index (BMI)...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228892/sarcopenia-is-associated-with-reduced-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-undergoing-sorafenib-treatment
#12
Giulio Antonelli, Elia Gigante, Massimo Iavarone, Paola Begini, Angelo Sangiovanni, Elsa Iannicelli, Piero Biondetti, Adriano M Pellicelli, Lucia Miglioresi, Paolo Marchetti, Pietro Lampertico, Massimo Marignani
Background: Sarcopenia has been associated with poor outcomes in patients with cirrhosis and solid tumours. Objective: Analyse the influence of sarcopenia on survival and treatment duration in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with sorafenib. Methods: We conducted a multicentre, retrospective study on 96 patients with advanced HCC treated with sorafenib, all with available abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan within 30 days from treatment start...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228891/real-world-management-of-juvenile-autoimmune-liver-disease
#13
Y S de Boer, R Liberal, D Vergani, G Mieli-Vergani
Background and aims: Juvenile autoimmune liver disease (JAILD) includes paediatric forms of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC). Since evidence is scarce, there are currently no evidence-based management guidelines for juvenile AIH. This survey was carried out amongst the paediatric members of the International AIH Group (IAIHG) to describe their practices in the management of JAILD. Methods: An online survey questionnaire was distributed to members of the IAIHG with active practice (https://www...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228890/long-term-health-and-treatment-outcomes-in-adult-coeliac-disease-patients-diagnosed-by-screening-in-childhood
#14
Laura Kivelä, Alina Popp, Taina Arvola, Heini Huhtala, Katri Kaukinen, Kalle Kurppa
Background: The diagnostic yield of coeliac disease could be improved by screening in at-risk groups, but long-term benefits of this approach are obscure. Objective: To investigate health, quality of life and dietary adherence in adult coeliac patients diagnosed in childhood by screening. Methods: After thorough evaluation of medical history, follow-up questionnaires were sent to 559 adults with a childhood coeliac disease diagnosis. The results were compared between screen-detected and clinically-detected patients, and also between originally asymptomatic and symptomatic screen-detected patients...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228889/endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-of-duodenal-lesions-a-retrospective-analysis-of-20-ftrd-cases
#15
Markus Bauder, Arthur Schmidt, Karel Caca
Background: Endoscopic resections in the duodenum harbor a significant risk of complications. The full-thickness resection device (FTRD) has shown favorable results concerning efficacy and safety in the resection of colorectal lesions. Data of its use in the duodenum are limited to a single, small case series ( n  = 4). Methods: Data of all consecutive patients scheduled for endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) of duodenal lesions by FTRD in our institution were collected and analyzed retrospectively...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228888/the-vampire-study-significant-elevation-of-faecal-calprotectin-in-healthy-volunteers-after-300-ml-blood-ingestion-mimicking-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#16
Stephan R Vavricka, Henriette Heinrich, Simon Buetikofer, Flavia Breitenmoser, Emanuel Burri, Xiaoye Schneider-Yin, Jasmin Barman-Aksoezen, Luc Biedermann, Michael Scharl, Jonas Zeitz, Gerhard Rogler, Benjamin Misselwitz, Matthias Sauter
Background: Faecal calprotectin correlates with histological and clinical activity in inflammatory bowel disease. Gastrointestinal bleeding might also increase faecal calprotectin levels, erroneously implying intestinal inflammation; however, this possibility has not been systematically assessed. Methods: Sixteen healthy volunteers without gastrointestinal disease and normal faecal calprotectin baseline values ingested their own blood twice, either by drinking or via nasogastric tube...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228887/giant-gastric-ulcers-malignancy-yield-and-predictors-from-a-10-year-retrospective-single-centre-cohort
#17
Richard Lord, Mohammed El-Feki, Lea Tomos, Noor Mohammed, Venkat Subramanian, Bjorn J Rembacken
Background and study aims: Gastric cancer is known to reside in some gastric ulcers but what predicts this association is still unclear. Historically it has been thought that the increasing size of gastric ulcers may be a predictor for harbouring malignancy. Giant gastric ulcers are arbitrarily defined as ≥3 cm. The aim of this retrospective study was to examine patients with giant gastric ulcers within a single tertiary centre over a 10-year period. Our primary outcomes included the malignancy yield in giant gastric ulcers and to determine if any demographic, clinical or endoscopic predictors for malignancy exist...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228886/a-single-step-sizing-and-radiofrequency-ablation-catheter-for-circumferential-ablation-of-barrett-s-esophagus-results-of-a-pilot-study
#18
K Belghazi, R E Pouw, Cmt Sondermeijer, S L Meijer, E J Schoon, A D Koch, Blam Weusten, Jjghm Bergman
Background: The 360 Express balloon catheter (360 Express) has the ability to self-adjust to the esophageal lumen, ensuring optimal tissue contact. Objective: The objective of this article is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the 360 Express for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Methods: BE patients with low-grade dysplasia (LGD), high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or early cancer (EC) were included. Visible lesions were removed by endoscopic resection (ER) prior to RFA...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228885/high-resolution-manometry-is-superior-to-endoscopy-and-radiology-in-assessing-and-grading-sliding-hiatal-hernia-a-comparison-with-surgical-in-vivo-evaluation
#19
Salvatore Tolone, Edoardo Savarino, Giovanni Zaninotto, C Prakash Gyawali, Marzio Frazzoni, Nicola de Bortoli, Leonardo Frazzoni, Gianmattia Del Genio, Giorgia Bodini, Manuele Furnari, Vincenzo Savarino, Ludovico Docimo
Background: Hiatal hernia is diagnosed by barium-swallow esophagogram or esophagogastroduodenoscopy, with possible suboptimal results. High-resolution manometry clearly identifies crural diaphragm and lower esophageal sphincter. Objectives: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of high-resolution manometry in detecting hiatal hernia compared to esophagogram and esophagogastroduodenoscopy, using as reference the surgical in vivo measurement. Methods: Patients were studied with esophagogram, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, high-resolution manometry and in vivo evaluation of the esophago-gastric junction...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228884/foreign-body-ingestion-and-food-impaction-in-adults-better-to-scope-than-to-wait
#20
Diogo Libânio, Mónica Garrido, Filipa Jácome, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Isabel Pedroto, Ricardo Marcos-Pinto
Background and objective: To assess clinical outcomes after foreign body ingestion and food impaction; to identify predictors of foreign body presence at the time of endoscopy. Methods: A prospective study including consecutive adult patients with foreign body ingestion or suspected food impaction between May 2014 and August 2016. Results: In total, 521 patients were included, 320 with foreign body ingestion and 201 with suspected food impaction...
August 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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