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Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417096/regulation-of-herbal-medicine-use-based-on-speculation-a-case-from-sri-lanka
#1
Wathsala Wijesinghe, Senaka Pilapitiya, Priyani Hettiarchchi, Buddhika Wijerathne, Sisira Siribaddana
Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown aetiology is a significant public health problem in Sri Lanka. The final report by the WHO mission recommended regulation of herbal medicines containing aristolochic acid, which is an established nephrotoxin. The use of Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has a history of more than 2500 years in Sri Lanka. Aristolochia species are rarely used in Ayurveda and traditional medicine in Sri Lanka. Before regulating the analysis of herbal preparations using Aristolochia, collecting data from CAM practitioners regarding the use of Aristolochia is necessary...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417095/a-visual-grid-to-digitally-record-an-ayurvedic-prakriti-assessment-a-first-step-toward-integrated-electronic-health-records
#2
Andrew Stranieri, Kerryn Butler-Henderson, Tony Sahama, Pathirage Kamal Perera, Jonas Lima Da Silva, Danwin Pelonio, Sai Suman Manjunath, Dharini Raghavachar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417094/contemporary-acupressure-therapy-adroit-cure-for-painless-recovery-of-therapeutic-ailments
#3
REVIEW
Piyush Mehta, Vishwas Dhapte, Shivajirao Kadam, Vividha Dhapte
Since time immemorial, complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) have played a significant role in human health care. CAM is known to have a strong reputation and reliability within every culture to provide basic health care treatment for patients. CAM acts as a better therapeutic option in human being for treating various diseases and improving quality of life with apt consideration to the economic aspects. Acupressure, one of the known CAM, originated in ancient China is based on the principal of acupoints activation across the meridians which correct the imbalance between Qi...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417093/instability-resistance-training-for-health-and-performance
#4
REVIEW
Erika Zemková
Recently, resistance exercises performed on an unstable surface have become part of athletic training and rehabilitation. Accordingly, their role in performance and health-oriented strength training has increasingly emerged as a matter of interest to researchers and conditioning specialists. A more pronounced activation of stabilizing muscles is assumed to be the main feature of instability resistance exercises. This assumption has been proven by EMG studies, which have highlighted significantly greater electromyographic activity of trunk-stabilizing muscles during exercises under unstable as compared to stable conditions...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417092/revival-modernization-and-integration-of-indian-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-clinical-practice-importance-challenges-and-future
#5
REVIEW
Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty
In spite of incredible advances in modern science, technology and allopathic medicine a large we are unable to provide quality healthcare to all. Traditional medicine particularly herbal medicine considered as a major healthcare provider around the globe particularly in rural and remote areas. A large section of people depends on such medicine for their primary healthcare mainly in underdeveloped or developing countries. Indian traditional medicinal system like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani has a very rich history of their effectiveness; modern research also acknowledged the importance of such medicine...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417091/biological-activities-of-curcuminoids-other-biomolecules-from-turmeric-and-their-derivatives-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Augustine Amalraj, Anitha Pius, Sreerag Gopi, Sreeraj Gopi
In recent years, several drugs have been developed deriving from traditional products and current drug research is actively investigating the possible therapeutic roles of many Ayruvedic and Traditional Indian medicinal therapies. Among those being investigated is Turmeric. Its most important active ingredient is curcuminoids. Curcuminoids are phenolic compounds commonly used as a spice, pigment and additive also utilized as a therapeutic agent used in several foods. Comprehensive research over the last century has revealed several important functions of curcuminoids...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417090/role-of-traditional-islamic-and-arabic-plants-in-cancer-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Adeeb Shehzad, Mastour Safer Al-Ghamdi
ETHNO PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This review article underlines individual Traditional Islamic and Arabic plant (TAI) and their role in treating cancer. The aim of the study is to specifically evaluate the progress of herbs, Arabic and Islamic traditional herbs in particular, applied in cancer treatment, so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Islamic and Arabic plants were selected and identified through different literature survey using "Google scholar", "Web of science", "Scopus" and "PubMed"...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417089/demographic-and-medication-characteristics-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-users-among-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-nationwide-database-study-in-taiwan
#8
Chien-Tung Wu, Yueh-Ting Tsai, Jung-Nien Lai
Chinese herbal product (CHP) is the major type of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and widely used to relief the symptom of colorectal cancer. The aim of the study was to analyze the utilization of CHP for treating patients with colorectal cancer in Taiwan. The usage of CHP, frequency of services, and prescription pattern for colorectal cancer were analyzed from a randomly sampled cohort of 1 million beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance Research Database. The odds ratios for utilization of CHP were estimated with logistic regression model...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417088/boiling-induced-nanoparticles-and-their-constitutive-proteins-from-isatis-indigotica-fort-root-decoction-purification-and-identification
#9
Jianwu Zhou, Jie Liu, Dai Lin, Guanzhen Gao, Huiqin Wang, Jingke Guo, Pingfan Rao, Lijing Ke
Colloidal particles are essential components of sun-dried Isatis indigotica Fort. roots (Ban-Lan-Gen in Chinese, BLG) decoction. Nanoparticles (NPs) were isolated from BLG decoction with size exclusion chromatography and characterized. Their average diameter is ∼120 nm, reversibly responding to pH and temperature changes. They promoted the growth of normal cells but suppressed that of cancerogenic cells and macrophages. Two constitutive glycated proteins were identified from the NPs, namely BLGP1 and BLGP2...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417087/screening-for-antibacterial-and-antibiofilm-activity-in-thai-medicinal-plant-extracts-against-oral-microorganisms
#10
Rawee Teanpaisan, Pajaree Kawsud, Nuntiya Pahumunto, Jindaporn Puripattanavong
To evaluate the antibacterial activity of 12 ethanol extracts of Thai traditional herb against oral pathogens. The antibacterial activities were assessed by agar well diffusion, broth microdilution, and time-kill methods. Antibiofilm activity was investigated using a 3-[4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl]-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium-bromide (MTT) assay. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), thin layer chromatography (TLC) fingerprinting, and TLC-bioautography were used to determine the active antibacterial compounds...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417086/blood-immune-function-parameters-in-response-to-combined-aerobic-dance-exercise-and-honey-supplementation-in-adult-women
#11
Marhasiyah Rahim, Foong Kiew Ooi, Wan Zuraida Wan Abdul Hamid
To date, information on the effectiveness of combined aerobic dance exercise with honey supplementation on immune function in women is lacking. The present study investigated the effects of 8 weeks of combined aerobic dance exercise and honey supplementation on blood immune function parameters in adult women. In this study, forty four healthy sedentary women (25-40 year-old) were assigned into four groups with n = 11 per group: sedentary without supplementation control (Con), honey supplementation (H), aerobic dance exercise (D) and combined aerobic dance exercise with honey supplementation (HD) groups...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417085/hepatoprotective-standardized-etoh-water-extract-from-the-seeds-of-fraxinus-rhynchophylla-hance
#12
Sen Guo, Tiantian Guo, Ni Cheng, Qingchao Liu, Yunting Zhang, Lu Bai, Li Zhang, Wei Cao, Chi-Tang Ho, Naisheng Bai
Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance (Oleaceae), its stem barks are known as Cortex fraxini ( qín pí) listed in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Phytochemical study has indicated that methanol extracts from Qinpi has protective effect on acute liver injury. The present study investigates the hepatoprotective activity of EtOH-water extract from the seeds of F. rhynchophylla Hance against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in mice. The EtOH-water extract significantly alleviated liver damage as indicated by the decreased levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), the malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and increased the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and reduced the pathological tissue injury induced by CCl4...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417084/antioxidant-antimicrobial-activity-and-bioactive-compounds-of-bergenia-ciliata-sternb-a-valuable-medicinal-herb-of-sikkim-himalaya
#13
Mithilesh Singh, Neha Pandey, Vasudha Agnihotri, K K Singh, Anita Pandey
Bergenia ciliata Sternb., commonly known as Paashaanbhed, is a well known herb of Sikkim Himalaya with various pharmaceutical properties. However, scientific exploration of B. ciliata, growing in the Sikkim Himalaya, for phytochemicals and pharmacological properties is in infancy. With this view, the present study was undertaken to investigate B. ciliata leaf extracts for antioxidant, antimicrobial activity and bioactive compounds. Three solvents viz., methanol, ethyl acetate and hexane were used for extraction and the respective leaf extracts were analyzed for total phenolic and flavonoid contents along with the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417083/effects-of-turmeric-curcuminoids-and-metformin-against-central-sensitivity-to-pain-in-mice
#14
Suruchi Verma, Deepak Mundkinajeddu, Amit Agarwal, Shyam Sunder Chatterjee, Vikas Kumar
The reported experimental study was conducted to compare the effects of repeated daily oral doses of curcuminoids (CLE) with metformin as potential antidepressants and analgesics. Effects of a single and ten daily oral doses of CLE (5, 20, 80 mg/kg/day) and of 50 mg/kg/day metformin (MET) were compared in mice hot plate test (HPT) for analgesics. On the 11th treatment day, all animals were subjected to foot shock stress triggered hyperthermia test, and on the 12th treatment day to tail suspension test (TST) for antidepressants...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417082/improving-glucose-tolerance-by-muscle-damaging-exercise
#15
Chien-Te Ho, Machiko Otaka, Chia-Hua Kuo
Tissue damage is regarded as an unwanted medical condition to be avoided. However, introducing tolerable tissue damages has been used as a therapeutic intervention in traditional and complementary medicine to cure discomfort and illness. Eccentric exercise is known to cause significant necrosis and insulin resistance of skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of muscle damage and blood glucose responses during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) after eccentric training in 21 young participants...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053900/the-possible-mode-of-antitussive-and-expectorant-activity-of-the-ethanol-seed-extracts-of-picralima-nitida-stapf-th-h-durand
#16
Gabriel Dapaah, George Asumeng Koffuor, Priscilla Kolibea Mante, Inemesit Okon Ben
It has been established that Picralima nitida has antitussive effect. This study therefore aimed at determining the possible mode of antitussive and expectorant activity of an ethanolic seed extract of P. nitida (PNE). The muco-suppressant, mast cell stabilization, and the anxiolytic effects of PNE were ascertained using ammonium chloride-induced phenol red secretion in BALB/c mice; compound 48/80-induced mesenteric mast cell degranulation assay; and the open field and the elevated plus maze models respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053899/unconventional-medical-practices-among-ghanaian-students-a-university-based-survey
#17
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Francis Arthur, Roselyn Torkornoo, Padmore Adusei Amoah
Research on unconventional medical practices among students has proliferated lately in the global space, hitherto, little is known explicitly in Ghana. This paper teases out insights for recent utilisation patterns of traditional medical therapies at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. A sample of 754, randomly selected undergraduates were involved in a retrospective cross-sectional survey. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression and Pearson's χ(2) test with p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053898/aromatherapy-with-two-essential-oils-from-satureja-genre-and-mindfulness-meditation-to-reduce-anxiety-in-humans
#18
Marilú Roxana Soto-Vásquez, Paúl Alan Arkin Alvarado-García
The goal of this study was to verify whether association of aromatherapy with essential oils of Satureja brevicalyx or Satureja boliviana and mindfulness meditation can reduce anxiety levels in humans. A randomized experimental trial was carried out with 108 participants who were divided into 6 groups, comprising a waiting list control group and five experimental groups. Aromatherapy was carried out by inhalation of essential oils while mindfulness intervention program was focused on "flow meditation". The anxiety index was evaluated by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053897/effects-of-a-supplement-combining-pycnogenol-%C3%A2-and-l-arginine-aspartate-on-lower-urinary-dysfunction-compared-with-saw-palmetto-extract
#19
Hiroshi Yagi, Ryo Sato, Kojiro Nishio, Gaku Arai, Shigehiro Soh, Hiroshi Okada
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction (SDys) are common problems that affect quality of life (QOL) in elderly men. In addition to prescribed drugs, many over-the-counter medications including supplements are used to treat QOL diseases. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are reported to be effective for both LUTS and SDys by increasing nitric oxide levels. French maritime pine bark extract Pycnogenol(®), which is a potent nitric oxide donor, is reported to be effective for SDys...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053896/effects-of-4-week-continuous-ingestion-of-champignon-extract-on-halitosis-and-body-and-fecal-odor
#20
Jun Nishihira, Mie Nishimura, Aiko Tanaka, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Toshio Taira
This was placebo-controlled double-blind parallel-group comparative clinical trial targeting 80 men and women aged 50-79 years with halitosis and body and fecal odor. We investigated whether daily champignon extract ingestion for 4 weeks improved these conditions. Subjects were divided into four groups: a placebo group and 50, 500, and 1000 mg/day ingestion groups. No severe adverse events or side effects were noted during the study period. Compared with the placebo group, all champignon extract ingestion groups showed improvement or tendency toward improvement in halitosis and body and fecal odor...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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