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Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053900/the-possible-mode-of-antitussive-and-expectorant-activity-of-the-ethanol-seed-extracts-of-picralima-nitida-stapf-th-h-durand
#1
Gabriel Dapaah, George Asumeng Koffuor, Priscilla Kolibea Mante, Inemesit Okon Ben
It has been established that Picralima nitida has antitussive effect. This study therefore aimed at determining the possible mode of antitussive and expectorant activity of an ethanolic seed extract of P. nitida (PNE). The muco-suppressant, mast cell stabilization, and the anxiolytic effects of PNE were ascertained using ammonium chloride-induced phenol red secretion in BALB/c mice; compound 48/80-induced mesenteric mast cell degranulation assay; and the open field and the elevated plus maze models respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053899/unconventional-medical-practices-among-ghanaian-students-a-university-based-survey
#2
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Francis Arthur, Roselyn Torkornoo, Padmore Adusei Amoah
Research on unconventional medical practices among students has proliferated lately in the global space, hitherto, little is known explicitly in Ghana. This paper teases out insights for recent utilisation patterns of traditional medical therapies at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. A sample of 754, randomly selected undergraduates were involved in a retrospective cross-sectional survey. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression and Pearson's χ(2) test with p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053898/aromatherapy-with-two-essential-oils-from-satureja-genre-and-mindfulness-meditation-to-reduce-anxiety-in-humans
#3
Marilú Roxana Soto-Vásquez, Paúl Alan Arkin Alvarado-García
The goal of this study was to verify whether association of aromatherapy with essential oils of Satureja brevicalyx or Satureja boliviana and mindfulness meditation can reduce anxiety levels in humans. A randomized experimental trial was carried out with 108 participants who were divided into 6 groups, comprising a waiting list control group and five experimental groups. Aromatherapy was carried out by inhalation of essential oils while mindfulness intervention program was focused on "flow meditation". The anxiety index was evaluated by State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053897/effects-of-a-supplement-combining-pycnogenol-%C3%A2-and-l-arginine-aspartate-on-lower-urinary-dysfunction-compared-with-saw-palmetto-extract
#4
Hiroshi Yagi, Ryo Sato, Kojiro Nishio, Gaku Arai, Shigehiro Soh, Hiroshi Okada
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction (SDys) are common problems that affect quality of life (QOL) in elderly men. In addition to prescribed drugs, many over-the-counter medications including supplements are used to treat QOL diseases. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors are reported to be effective for both LUTS and SDys by increasing nitric oxide levels. French maritime pine bark extract Pycnogenol(®), which is a potent nitric oxide donor, is reported to be effective for SDys...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053896/effects-of-4-week-continuous-ingestion-of-champignon-extract-on-halitosis-and-body-and-fecal-odor
#5
Jun Nishihira, Mie Nishimura, Aiko Tanaka, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Toshio Taira
This was placebo-controlled double-blind parallel-group comparative clinical trial targeting 80 men and women aged 50-79 years with halitosis and body and fecal odor. We investigated whether daily champignon extract ingestion for 4 weeks improved these conditions. Subjects were divided into four groups: a placebo group and 50, 500, and 1000 mg/day ingestion groups. No severe adverse events or side effects were noted during the study period. Compared with the placebo group, all champignon extract ingestion groups showed improvement or tendency toward improvement in halitosis and body and fecal odor...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053895/oil-pulling-for-maintaining-oral-hygiene-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Vagish Kumar L Shanbhag
Oil pulling is a traditional folk remedy practiced in ancient India. It is believed to cure more than thirty systemic diseases when practiced regularly and as directed. Due to occurrence of side effects to modern medicines and oral hygiene products, people are increasingly attracted towards complementary and traditional practices. Oil pulling in addition to offering several oral health benefits has also beneficial effects on overall health. The present article attempts to review and discuss this ancient practice...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053894/effect-of-yoga-program-on-executive-functions-of-adolescents-dwelling-in-an-orphan-home-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Satya Prakash Purohit, Balaram Pradhan
Executive function (EF) is important for physical and mental health of children. Studies have shown that children with poverty and early life stress have reduced EF. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Yoga program on the EF of orphan adolescents. Seventy two apparently healthy orphan adolescents randomized and allocated into two groups as Yoga group (n = 40; 14 girls, age = 12.69 ± 1.35 yrs) and Wait List Control (WLC) group (n = 32, 13 girls, age = 12.58 ± 1.52 yrs). Yoga group underwent three months of Yoga program in a schedule of 90 min per day, four days per week whereas the WLC group followed the routine activities...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053893/bryophytes-hoard-of-remedies-an-ethno-medicinal-review
#8
REVIEW
Satish Chandra, Dinesh Chandra, Anupam Barh, Pankaj, Raj Kumar Pandey, Ishwar Prakash Sharma
Bryophytes are the second largest group of land plants after angiosperms. There is very less knowledge available about medicinal properties of these plants. Bryophytes are popular remedy among the tribal people of different parts of the world. Tribal people use these plants to cure various ailments in their daily lives. Bryophytes are used to cure hepatic disorders, skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases, used as antipyretic, antimicrobial, wound healing and many more other ailments by different tribal communities of Africa, America, Europe, Poland, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, Japan, Taiwan, Pakistan, China, Nepal and different parts of South, North and Eastern India...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053892/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-bartogenic-acid-containing-fraction-of-fruits-of-barringtonia-racemosa-roxb-in-acute-and-chronic-animal-models-of-inflammation
#9
Kalpesh R Patil, Chandragouda R Patil
The fruits of Barringtonia racemosa are traditionally used in Indian medicine for the treatment of pain and inflammatory conditions. In this study, a fraction of ethyl acetate extract of fruits of B. racemosa (BREAF) was investigated for anti-inflammatory activity in experimental models of acute and chronic inflammation. Activity against acute inflammation was evaluated in inflammogens induced rat paw edema models. Whereas, effect in chronic inflammation was evaluated in cotton pellet granuloma and oxazolone induced delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) model in mice...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053891/evaluation-of-wound-healing-anti-microbial-and-antioxidant-potential-of-pongamia-pinnata-in-wistar-rats
#10
Deepak Dwivedi, Mona Dwivedi, Sourabh Malviya, Vinod Singh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate wound healing, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of leaf extract of Pongamia Pinnata. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methanolic extracts of P. pinnata leaf were studied for wound healing efficiency, and was assessed by the rate of wound contraction, tensile strength, breaking strength, hydroxyproline and hexosamine content, along with its effect on pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines was assessed using excision and incision model of wound repair in Wistar rats...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053890/medicinal-properties-of-terminalia-arjuna-roxb-wight-arn-a%C3%A2-review
#11
REVIEW
Augustine Amalraj, Sreeraj Gopi
Medicinal plants have been a main source of therapeutic agents from ancient time to cure diseases. Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. (T. arjuna) is one of the most accepted and beneficial medicinal plants in indigenous system of medicine for the treatment of various critical diseases. This comprehensive review provides various aspects of its ethnomedical, phytochemical, pharmacognostical, pharmacological and clinical significance to different diseases particularly in cardiovascular conditions. This plant has a good safety outline when used in combination with other conventional drugs...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053889/antioxidant-antiglycation-and-insulinotrophic-properties-of-coccinia-grandis-l-in%C3%A2-vitro-possible-role-in-prevention-of-diabetic-complications
#12
Packirisamy Meenatchi, Ayyakkanuu Purushothaman, Sivaprakasam Maneemegalai
In an attempt to develop Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) for the treatment of diabetes and related complications, the antidiabetic potential of the mature unripe fruits of Coccinia grandis (CGF) was evaluated. Oxidative stress and glycation plays an important role in manifesting of diabetes and vascular complications. Agents with antioxidant and antiglycation properties may retard these pathological alterations. In this study, the edible plant Coccinia grandis was assessed for in vitro estimation of antioxidant and antiglycation potential and its insulinotrophic properties in RINm5F cells...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053888/a-glimpse-of-ayurveda-the-forgotten-history-and-principles-of-indian-traditional-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Yogini S Jaiswal, Leonard L Williams
Ayurveda is considered as one of the oldest of the traditional systems of medicine (TSMs) accepted worldwide. The ancient wisdom in this traditional system of medicine is still not exhaustively explored. The junction of the rich knowledge from different traditional systems of medicine can lead to new avenues in herbal drug discovery process. The lack of the understanding of the differences and similarities between the theoretical doctrines of these systems is the major hurdle towards their convergence apart from the other impediments in the discovery of plant based medicines...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053887/components-in-aqueous-hibiscus-rosa-sinensis-flower-extract-inhibit-in%C3%A2-vitro-melanoma-cell-growth
#14
Karina H Goldberg, Ariel C Yin, Archana Mupparapu, Edward P Retzbach, Gary S Goldberg, Catherine F Yang
Skin cancer is extremely common, and melanoma causes about 80% of skin cancer deaths. In fact, melanoma kills over 50 thousand people around the world each year, and these numbers are rising. Clearly, standard treatments are not effectively treating melanoma, and alternative therapies are needed to address this problem. Hibiscus tea has been noted to have medicinal properties, including anticancer effects. Extracts from Hibiscus have been shown to inhibit the growth of a variety of cancer cells. In particular, recent studies found that polyphenols extracted from Hibiscus sabdariffa by organic solvents can inhibit melanoma cell growth...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053886/yokukansan-enhances-the-proliferation-of-b65-neuroblastoma
#15
Yoshihiko Nakatani, Taku Amano, Hikaru Yamamoto, Norio Sakai, Minoru Tsuji, Hiroshi Takeda
Yokukansan, a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, has been considered to be a novel alternative treatment for several neurological diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders, as well as neurosis, insomnia, and behavioral and psychological symptoms in Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, it has been shown that yokukansan has antidepressant-like and pain-relieving effects in animal models. Recently, several studies have shown that yokukansan has a neuroprotective effect. In this study, we focused on whether or no yokukansan influences cell proliferation related to cell-cycle progression by using B65 neuroblastoma cells derived from monoaminergic neurons...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053885/shakuyakukanzoto-attenuates-oxaliplatin-induced-cold-dysesthesia-by-inhibiting-the-expression-of-transient-receptor-potential-melastatin-8-in-mice
#16
Tsugunobu Andoh, Shizuka Mizoguchi, Yasushi Kuraishi
Oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy characterized especially as cold dysesthesia is a major dose-limiting side effect of the drug and is very difficult to control. In the present study, we examined whether the traditional herbal formulation Shakuyakukanzoto (SKT: Sháo Yào Gān Cǎo Tāng) could relieve oxaliplatin-induced cold dysesthesia in mice. The inhibitory mechanisms were also investigated. Repetitive administration of SKT (0.1-1.0 g/kg) starting from the day after oxaliplatin injection inhibited cold dysesthesia in a dose-dependent manner...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053884/russian-olive-elaeagnus-angustifolia-l-from-a-variety-of-traditional-medicinal-applications-to-its-novel-roles-as-active-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-anti-mutagenic-and-analgesic-agent
#17
REVIEW
Rafie Hamidpour, Soheila Hamidpour, Mohsen Hamidpour, Mina Shahlari, Mahnaz Sohraby, Nooshin Shahlari, Roxanna Hamidpour
Elaeagnus angustifolia L., which is commonly known as oleaster or Russian olive, is a deciduous plant from Elaeagnacea family. This plant can tolerate and survive a wide variety of environmental conditions. Different parts of E. angustifolia plant, especially the fruits and flowers, have been used traditionally in treating a variety of common illnesses such as nausea, cough, asthma, fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. The use of fruit powder and extract of E. angustifolia L. have shown to be effective in alleviating pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and also in reducing the healing time of wounds in injured person...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053883/curcumin-reverses-neurochemical-histological-and-immuno-histochemical-alterations-in-the-model-of-global-brain-ischemia
#18
Glaura Fernandes Teixeira de Alcântara, Eudes Simões-Neto, Giovany Michely Pinto da Cruz, Maria Elizabeth Pereira Nobre, Kelly Rose Tavares Neves, Geanne Matos de Andrade, Gerly Anne de Castro Brito, Glauce Socorro de Barros Viana
Curcumin, a curcuminoid from Curcuma longa, presents antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions and, among pathological changes of cerebral ischemic injury, inflammation is an important one. The objectives were to study the neuroprotective action of curcumin, in a model of global ischemia. Male Wistar rats (sham-operated, ischemic untreated and ischemic treated with curcumin, 25 or 50 mg/kg, p.o.) were anesthesized and their carotid arteries occluded, for 30 min. The SO group had the same procedure, except for carotid occlusion...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053882/hepatoprotective-potential-of-ethanolic-extract-of-aquilaria-agallocha-leaves-against-paracetamol-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-sd-rats
#19
Janey Alam, Md Mujahid, Badruddeen, Yasmeen Jahan, Paramdeep Bagga, Md Azizur Rahman
Many traditional systems of medicines employ herbal drugs for the hepatoprotection. Aim of the study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of 'ethanolic extract of Aquilaria agallocha ( Chen Xiang) leaves' (AAE) against paracetamol (PCM) induced hepatotoxicity in SD rats. Group I animals were treated with 1% CMC for 8 days. Group II, III, IV and V animals were first treated with '1% CMC' 1 ml/kg/day, AAE 200 mg/kg/day, AAE 400 mg/kg/day and silymarin 100 mg/kg/day respectively for 7 days and then, orally administered with PCM 3 g/kg b...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053881/effect-of-novel-dietary-supplement-on-metabolism-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo
#20
Roger A Vaughan, Ailish C White, Jason R Beam, Nicholas P Gannon, Randi Garcia-Smith, Roy M Salgado, Marco Bisoffi, Kristina A Trujillo, Carole A Conn, Christine M Mermier
Obesity is an increasingly prevalent and preventable morbidity with multiple behavioral, surgical and pharmacological interventions currently available. Commercial dietary supplements are often advertised to stimulate metabolism and cause rapid weight and/or fat loss, although few well-controlled studies have demonstrated such effects. We describe a commercially available dietary supplement (purportedly containing caffeine, catechins, and other metabolic stimulators) on resting metabolic rate in humans, and on metabolism, mitochondrial content, and related gene expression in vitro...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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