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Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Anoma Chandrasekara, Jurata Daugelaite, Fereidoon Shahidi
Phenolic compounds and other antioxidants have been implicated in protection against non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in which oxidative stress is a main contributor. The extracts of Bael ( Aegle marmelos) flower were examined for their phenolic content, free radical scavenging efficacy and inhibition of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol oxidation and DNA scission activities. The extracts of Bael flowers were prepared using different solvent systems and their total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) determined...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Shriniwas S Basaiyye, Pravin K Naoghare, Sanjeev Kanojiya, Amit Bafana, Patrizio Arrigo, Kannan Krishnamurthi, Saravanadevi Sivanesan
The present study demonstrates apoptosis-inducing potential and mechanism of action of Tribulus terristris alkaloid extract in Jurkat E6-1 cancer cell line. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry and High Resolution-Mass Spectrometry analysis identified the presence of four N -feruloyltyramine derivatives, namely trans- N -feruloyl-3-hydroxytyramine ( 1 ), trans- N -coumaroyltyramine ( 2 ), trans- N -feruloyltyramine ( 3 ) and trans- N -feruloyl-3-ethoxytyramine ( 4 ) in the alkaloid extract. Compounds 2 and 3 have not been yet reported in the alkaloid extract of T...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Ebunoluwa Racheal Asenuga, John Olusoji Abiola, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Arsenic acid is one of the abundant environmental pollutants present in soil, water and the air. Undoubtedly, it has found its way to the food chain in which humans and animals are the final targets thereby causing arrays of disease conditions including cardiovascular and renal dysfunction. Hence, the use of phytochemicals present in medicinal plants has gained global acceptance as chemotherapeutic agents that can prevent, ameliorate, reverse or treat diseases. From our study, arsenic acid intoxication led to significant increase in heart rate (HR), QRS, together with prolonged QT and QTc interval...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Mitra Tadayon, Somaneh Movahedi, Parvin Abedi, Amir Syahpoosh
Background: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of green tea extract on serum lipid level in postmenopausal women. Method: In this randomized controlled trial 100 postmenopausal women with an abnormality in at least one lipid profile were recruited and randomly assigned to one of the two groups: green tea extract (n = 50) and control group (n = 50). The intervention group received two capsules (400 mg) of green tea extract two times daily; the control group received a placebo for 4 weeks...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
E Soltani, A Jangjoo, M Afzal Aghaei, A Dalili
One of the most common postoperative problems is nausea and vomiting. Although using some anesthetic materials has been considered as the mainstay of this phenomenon, the exact factors are not known. Because of several morbidities associated with postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), its prevention and treatment has been a challenge for physicians, so several drugs have been recommended for this purpose. Based on the documented antiemetic specificity of ginger, we evaluated and compared the effects of preoperative administration of ginger on PONV with ondansetron administration as the standard medication...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
A Ruckmani, Vinayak Meti, R Vijayashree, R Arunkumar, Venugopala Rao Konda, Lakshmipathy Prabhu, E Madhavi, Sobita Devi
Sesamum indicum, one of the first recorded plants used for its seeds, is reported to have analgesic, antioxidant, anticancer, anti-obesity as well as hepato and nephro protective activities. The current study evaluated the effects of two doses (400 and 800 mg/kg) of ethanolic extract of S . indicum seeds in Freund's complete adjuvant induced arthritis in rats in comparison with diclofenac and methotrexate by the changes produced in body weight, body temperature, paw volume and spontaneous activity, hemoglobin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total white blood cells, red blood cells, Interleukin-6 and Tumor necrosis factor-α as well as joint changes in X-ray and histological changes in joint tissue...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Hira Choudhury, Manisha Pandey, Chua Kui Hua, Cheah Shi Mun, Jessmie Koh Jing, Lillian Kong, Liang Yee Ern, Nik Ahmad Ashraf, Soohg Wai Kit, Tan Sin Yee, Mallikarjuna Rao Pichika, Bapi Gorain, Prashant Kesharwani
Herbal medicine, phytomedicine or botanical medicine are synonymous, utilizes plants intended for medicinal purposes. Medicinal use of herbal medicine in the treatment and prevention of diseases including diabetes has a long history compared to conventional medicine. Diabetes is one of the major public health concerns over the world. Diabetes or hyperglycemia is considered to be one of the common public health hazard; optimal control of which is still not possible. Persistent hyperglycemia or uncontrolled diabetes has the potential to cause serious complications such as kidney disease, vision loss, cardiovascular disease, and lower-limb amputations which contributed towards morbidity and mortality in diabetes...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Uzma Latief, Riaz Ahmad
Liver fibrosis is a dynamic pathological condition which can be slowed down in its initial phases. Without proper clinical management of fibrosis, progressive liver damage may lead to cirrhosis and ultimately to liver failure or primary liver cancer, which are irreversible conditions. Therefore, in order to cure fibrotic damage to liver, its early stages should be the centre of attention. In this context, some supplements and 'complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)' deserve specific mention, because of their already recognized natural way of healing and long lasting curative effects...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Ratih Pangestuti, Zainal Arifin
Sea cucumbers have long been used as food and traditional medicine in Asian countries with Stichopus hermanni , Thelenota ananas, Thelenota anax, Holothuria fuccogilva, and Actinopyga mauritiana as most highly-valued species. These organisms are potential source of high value-added compounds with therapeutic properties such as triterpene glycosides, carotenoids, bioactive peptides, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, collagens, gelatins, chondroitin sulfates, amino acids. In the recent years, health benefit effects of sea cucumbers have been validated through scientific research and have shown medicinal value such as wound healing, neuroprotective, antitumor, anticoagulant, antimicrobial, and antioxidant...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Suzanne A Maiolo, Peihong Fan, Larisa Bobrovskaya
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are two factors that are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), a debilitating progressive neurodegenerative disorder that results in the loss of catecholamine producing cells throughout specific regions of the brain. In this study we aimed to compare the effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and rotenone (a pesticide and mitochondrial complex 1 inhibitor) on cell viability and the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in a cellular model of PD...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Dorian Caudal, Isabelle Guinobert, Aude Lafoux, Valérie Bardot, César Cotte, Isabelle Ripoche, Pierre Chalard, Corinne Huchet
Valeriana officinalis L. root extracts are traditionally taken for their sedative and anxiolytic properties and are also used for muscle relaxation. Relaxant effects were clearly observed on smooth muscle whereas data on effects on skeletal muscle are scarce and inconsistent. The aim of this study was to assess whether a standardized extract (SE) of V. officinalis had myorelaxant effects by decreasing skeletal muscle strength and/or neuromuscular tone in mice. Mice received an acute dose of V. officinalis SE (2 or 5 g/kg per os) or tetrazepam (10 mg/kg ip), a standard myorelaxant drug...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Oluwafemi Adeleke Ojo, Adebola Busola Ojo, Olayinka Awoyinka, Basiru Olaitan Ajiboye, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Olukemi Adetutu Osukoya, Israel Idowu Olayide, Adejoke Ibitayo
In Africa, the fruit, leaf, seed and roots of Carica papaya Linn. are generally used to treat a variety of diseases such as malaria, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the protective potentials of aqueous extract of C. papaya roots on arsenic-induced biochemical and genotoxic effects in Wistar rats. Rats were induced intraperitoneal with sodium arsenate (dissolved in distilled water at 3 mg/kg body weight) for 21 days and the animals were administered simultaneously with 200 mg/kg body weight vitamin C, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight of the C...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
S Balamurugan, S Vijayakumar, S Prabhu, J E Morvin Yabesh
Gynaecological disorder is one of the most severe conditions under reproductive health. So we investigate and collect information from traditional practitioners on the use of medicinal plants for treatment of Gynaecological disorder in Vedaranyam taluk, Nagappattinam district of South India. The field study was carried out for a period of January 2014-January 2015 in Vedaranyam taluk, Nagappattinam district of South India. This is the first traditional medicine study in which statistical calculations about plants are done by RFC, CI, UV and ICF in the study area...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Antara Ghosh, Sujan Banik, Mohammad Nurul Amin, Jamiuddin Ahmed
This study was undertaken to examine the antinociceptive, antihyperglycemic, and membrane stabilizing activity with phytochemical screening of methanolic extract of Garcinia lanceifolia whole plant. The extracts were subjected to in-vivo antinociceptive, antihyperglycemic activity in laboratory animals and in-vitro membrane stabilizing activity. In peripheral antinociceptive activity, G. lanceifolia (400 and 200 mg/kg) exhibited significant (P < 0.001) inhibition of writhing with 59.15% and 49.30% respectively comparable to standard Diclofenac (54...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Aline Gillet, Nicole Malaise, Irène Salamun, Stéphanie Grosdent, Didier Maquet, Anne-Sophie Nyssen, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
Background: Patients' changing attitudes and beliefs about pain are considered as improvements in the treatment of chronic pain. Multidisciplinary approaches to pain allow modifications of coping strategies of patients, from passive to active. Methods: We investigate how two therapeutic treatments impact patients' attitudes and beliefs regarding pain, as measured with the Survey of Pain Attitudes (SOPA). We allocated 415 patients with chronic pain either to psychoeducation combined with physiotherapy, self-hypnosis combined with self-care learning, or to control groups...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Lei Zhang, Paul Chan, Zhong Min Liu, Yi Li Tseng, C Will Chen, Ming Tse Lin, Wing P Chan, Ting-Kai Leung
Under the concept of meridian channels that belongs to traditional Chinese medicine, BIOCERAMIC Resonance (BR) has already been applied to many clinical medical research projects with functions mimicking of traditional acupuncture. Forty-five patients were recruited with chronic sleep disorders; 36 patients were given, applied to the device with BIOCERAMIC material and sound rhythm on chest skin surface; 9 patients were included as controls. All study participants completed a sleep pattern and quality of life questionnaire (assessment on psychological and physical causes of sleep disturbances), which was repeated before, during and after treatment...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
J B Minari, C A Okelola, N C Ugochukwu
Objective: To analyze K-ras gene from induced pancreatic cancer rats administered with Momordica charantia and Ocimum basilicum leaf extracts. Methods: Twenty-five (25) adult rats weighing between 90-120 g were divided into 5 groups namely RA, RB, RC, NC and PC, each group had 5 rats. The PC which served as the control was fed with normal fish meal and water ad libitum; the NC which is the negative control received 20 mg/ml/week of Nitrosamines only while other groups received different concentrations of aqueous extract of both M ...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Sutrisno Sutrisno, Hardianti Aprina, Happy Marthalena Simanungkalit, Asti Andriyani, Wisnu Barlianto, Hidayat Sujuti, Sanarto Santoso, Pande Made Dwijayasa, Endang Sri Wahyuni, Edy Mustofa
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of genistein administration on the modulation of the estrogen receptor, inhibition of inflammation and angiogenesis in the murine model of peritoneal endometriosis. A total of thirty-six mice ( Mus musculus ) were divided into six groups (n = 6), including the control group, endometriosis group, endometriosis group treated with various doses of genistein (0.78; 1.04; 1.3 mg/day), and endometriosis group treated with leuprolide acetate (0.00975 mg/day every 5 days for 15 days)...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
P Annécie Benatrehina, Li Pan, C Benjamin Naman, Jie Li, A Douglas Kinghorn
In view of the continuous growth of the botanical dietary supplement industry and the increased popularity of lesser known or exotic botanicals, recent findings are described on the phytochemical composition and biological activities of five selected fruits consumed in the United States, namely, açaí, noni, mangosteen, black chokeberry, and maqui berry. A review of the ethnomedicinal uses of these plants has revealed some similarities ranging from wound-healing to the treatment of fever and infectious diseases...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Yuka Miyahara, Onanong Jitkritsadakul, Jirada Sringean, Nicharee Aungkab, Surasa Khongprasert, Roongroj Bhidayasiri
Muscle weakness is a frequent complaint amongst Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. However, evidence-based therapeutic options for this symptom are limited. We objectively measure the efficacy of therapeutic Thai massage (TTM) on upper limb muscle strength, using an isokinetic dynamometer. A total of 60 PD patients with muscle weakness that is not related to their 'off' periods or other neurological causes were equally randomized to TTM intervention (n = 30), consisting of six TTM sessions over a 3-week period, or standard medical care (no intervention, n = 30)...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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