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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703620/multidisciplinary-surgical-management-of-cowden-syndrome-report-of-a-case
#1
Romeo Patini, Edoardo Staderini, Patrizia Gallenzi
Cowden's Syndrome (CS) is a rare congenital autosomal dominant disorder that affects around 1/200000 patients with an incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity, characterized by alterations in a tumor suppressor gene. A 14-year-old Caucasian male patient came to the attention of the authors complaining of palm nodules, gingival bleeding and painful pedunculated lesions on the lips and on the labial side of anterior sextants. After genetic investigation the final diagnosis of a Cowden Syndrome was made...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703619/meningitis-and-subdural-empyema-as-complication-of-pterygomandibular-space-abscess-upon-tooth-extraction
#2
Paolo Cariati, Almudena Cabello-Serrano, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias, Maria Roman-Ramos, Blas Garcia-Medina
Complication of dental infections might be various and heterogeneous. The most common complications are represented by maxilar celulitis, canine space celulitis, infratemporal space celulitis, temporal celulitis and bacteremia. Among rarest complications we found: sepsis, bacterial endocarditis, mediastinitis, intracranial complications, osteomyelitis, etc. Although dental infections are often considered trivial entities, sometimes they can reach an impressive gravity. In this regard, the present study describes a case of dental infection complicated by meningitis, subdural empiema and cerebral vasculitis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703618/mandibular-destructive-radiolucent-lesion-the-first-sign-of-multiple-myeloma
#3
Eduardo-Rodrigues Fregnani, Amanda-Almeida Leite, Claudia-Joffily Parahyba, Ana-Cristina-Alo Nesrallah, Flávia-Maria-de Moraes Ramos-Perez, Danyel-Elias-da Cruz Perez
The occurrence of a mandibular lesion as the first sign of multiple myeloma (MM) is uncommon. This report describes a case of MM diagnosed because of a mandibular lesion. A 62-year-old woman presented a destructive radiolucent lesion in the right mandibular ramus. The lesion caused rupture of the anterior cortical bone and extended from the retromolar area to the coronoid process. An incisional biopsy was performed. Histopathological examination revealed numerous pleomorphic plasma cells, some with binucleated nuclei...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703617/stunted-root-development-a-rare-dental-complication-of-stevens-johnson-syndrome
#4
Aditi Sangwan, Hans-Raj Saini, Pankaj Sangwan, Parveen Dahiya
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a severe cutaneous reaction seen rarely in clinical practice. Most often, it occurs as an adverse reaction to certain drugs. When it affects children at a very young age, arrested tooth root development may also be seen. We present a case of a 13 year old boy who suffered from SJ syndrome at the age of 7 years. Incomplete root development was observed in all teeth, as demonstrated by panaromic radiography. Clinical features of this condition and its management are further discussed...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703616/accidental-displacement-of-a-dental-implant-into-the-sublingual-space-a-case-report
#5
Paolo Cariati, José Fernández-Solís, Ana-Belén Marín-Fernández, Alfredo Valencia-Laseca, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias
Dental implant surgery is continuously expanding. In fact, every day more and more surgeons are choosing dental implants for allowing great results in the field of oral rehabilitation. However, these procedures are not exempt from complications. This report presents the case of a 66 years old man underwent implant surgery by a specialized dentist. No problems were reported during implant placement. Despite this, three months later, it was displaced into the sublingual space at the time of uncovering. Against this backdrop, the patient was referred to an expert maxillofacial surgeon...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703615/clinical-value-of-diascopy-and-other-non-invasive-techniques-on-differential-diagnosis-algorithms-of-oral-pigmentations-a-systematic-review
#6
Daniel Pérez-López, Maite Pena-Cristóbal, Eva-María Otero-Rey, Inmaculada Tomás, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic value of diascopy and other non-invasive clinical aids on recent differential diagnosis algorithms of oral mucosal pigmentations affecting subjects of any age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data Sources: this systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed, Scopus, Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source and the Cochrane Library (2000-2015); Study Selection: two reviewers independently selected all types of English articles describing differential diagnosis algorithms of oral pigmentations and checked the references of finally included papers; Data Extraction: one reviewer performed the data extraction and quality assessment based on previously defined fields while the other reviewer checked their validity...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703614/comparative-efficacy-of-aloe-vera-mouthwash-and-chlorhexidine-on-periodontal-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Swathi Vangipuram, Abhishek Jha, Mamtha Bhashyam
BACKGROUND: With introduction of many herbal medicines, dentistry has recently evidenced shift of approach for treating many inflammatory oral diseases by using such modalities. Aloe vera is one such product exhibiting multiple benefits and has gained considerable importance in clinical research recently. AIM: To compare the efficacy of Aloevera and Chlorhexidine mouthwash on Periodontal Health. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty days randomized controlled trial was conducted among 390 dental students...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703613/in-vitro-comparison-of-passive-and-continuous-ultrasonic-irrigation-in-curved-root-canals
#8
Pablo Castelo-Baz, Purificación Varela-Patiño, Giuseppe Cantatore, Ana Domínguez-Perez, Manuel Ruíz-Piñón, Ramón Miguéns-Vila, Benjamín Martín-Biedma
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of endodontic irrigation procedures can be compromised by the complexity of the root canal system. Delivering irrigants to the apical third of curved canals presents a particular challenge to endodontists. This study compared the effects of two ultrasonic irrigation techniques on the penetration of sodium hypochlorite into the main canal and simulated lateral canals of curved roots in extracted teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sets of simulated lateral canals were created at 2, 4, and 6 mm from the working length in 60 single-rooted teeth (6 canals/tooth, n = 360 canals)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703612/occurrence-and-timing-of-complications-following-traumatic-dental-injuries-a-retrospective-study-in-a-dental-trauma-department
#9
Shaul Lin, Nir Pilosof, Munir Karawani, Ronald Wigler, Arieh Y Kaufman, Sorin T Teich
BACKGROUND: This study explores the pattern of complications occurrence resulting from traumatic dental injuries, the relation of this pattern to the number of years from the time of the injury to its first diagnosis, and other contributing characteristics such as root development and trauma characteristic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients' data treated following dental trauma from 2002 to 2014 were classified and grouped according to age, gender, tooth type, injury type, diagnosis and the time that elapsed between the traumatic event and the diagnosis of complications (TIC)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703611/are-different-generations-of-cad-cam-milling-machines-capable-to-produce-restorations-with-similar-quality
#10
Renato Roperto, Hussein Assaf, Thiago Soares-Porto, Lisa Lang, Sorin Teich
BACKGROUND: Different CAD/CAM machines' generation may impact the restoration overall quality. The present study evaluated the marginal fit of CAD/CAM restorations manufactured with different generations of CEREC milling unit systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen typodont teeth were divided into two groups (n=8) according to the machine's generation assigned. These are control group (G1): Cerec AC with Bluecam/Cerec 3 milling unit and (G2): Cerec AC with Bluecam/MC XL Premium Package milling unit...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703610/silver-nanoparticles-in-resin-luting-cements-antibacterial-and-physiochemical-properties
#11
Ana-Paula-Rodrigues Magalhães, Francine-Couto-Lima Moreira, Denise-Ramos-Silveira Alves, Cyntia-Rodrigues-Araújo Estrela, Carlos Estrela, Marcus-Santos Carrião, Andris-Figueiroa Bakuzis, Lawrence-Gonzaga Lopes
BACKGROUND: Silver has a long history of use in medicine as an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory agent. Silver nanoparticles (NAg) offer the possibility to control the formation oral biofilms through the use of nanoparticles with biocidal, anti-adhesive, and delivery abilities. This study aims to evaluate the antibacterial effect of resin luting cements with and without NAg, and their influence on color, sorption and solubility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: NAg were incorporated to two dual-cured resin cements (RelyX ARC (RA) color A1 and RelyX U200 (RU) color A2) in two concentrations (0...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703609/does-hybridized-dentin-affect-bond-strength-of-self-adhesive-resin-cement
#12
Saulo Pamato, Accácio-Lins do Valle, Gustavo-Henrique-Barbosa de Andrade, Hugo-Alberto Vidotti, Marcus-Vinícius-Reis Só, Jefferson-Ricardo Pereira
BACKGROUND: Evaluate the influence of different hybridization bonding techniques of a self-adhesive resin cement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 30 human health molars were divided into six groups (n=10). The specimens received three longitudinal sections, allowing insertion of central cuts in PVC matrices. Each group received a different dentin pretreatment according to the manufacturer's recommendations, except the control group (G1), as follows. G2 - a 3-step total-etch adhesive system (Optibond™ FL, Kerr); G3 - a 3-step total-etch adhesive system (Adper™ Scotchbond™ Multi-Purpose, 3M ESPE); G4 - a 2-step total-etch adhesive system (Adper™ Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE); G5 - a single-step self-etching system (Bond Force, Tokuyama); and G6 - universal bonding system (Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703608/arch-width-changes-in-patients-with-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion-treated-with-maxillary-first-premolar-extraction-and-non-extraction-method
#13
Sajjad Shirazi, Mojgan Kachoei, Naiemeh Shahvaghar-Asl, Samaneh Shirazi, Reza Sharghi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine arch width changes during maxillary first premolars extraction and non-extraction treatment in patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dental casts of 91 Class II division 1 patients (36 males and 55 females) were evaluated. The minimum age of the subjects at the beginning of treatment was above 16 years. 48 patients were treated with extraction of the maxillary first premolars and 43 patients were treated without extraction...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703607/assessment-of-non-carious-root-surface-defects-in-areas-of-gingival-recession-a-descriptive-study
#14
Vanaja-Krishna Naik, Caroline-Annette Jacob, Deepavalli-Arumuga Nainar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this descriptive study was to observe the distribution of four different classes of non-carious cervical root surface discrepancies in teeth with gingival recession. Additionally to explore the different treatment modalities in the literature for each of these defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 150 subjects with at least one labial gingival recession were included in the study. 1400 teeth were evaluated using 2.5 X magnification loupes and UNC -15 probe for the presence of the cemento-enamel junction and step like defects according to Pini-Prato's classification: A-, identifiable CEJ without defect; A+, identifiable CEJ with defect; B-, unidentifiable CEJ without defect, B+, unidentifiable CEJ with defect...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703606/in-vitro-histological-evaluation-of-the-surgical-margins-made-by-different-laser-wavelengths-in-tongue-tissues
#15
Ana-Salvaterra Azevedo, Luís-Silva Monteiro, Fernando Ferreira, Maria-Leonor Delgado, Fernanda Garcês, Sofia Carreira, Marco Martins, Juan Suarez-Quintanilla
BACKGROUND: Lasers have become standard tools for the surgical treatment of oral lesions. The purpose of this study is to determine the surgical margins and histologically evaluate the tissue thermal effects induced by different types of surgical instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cuts were made in pork tongues' mucosa with different lasers (Er:YAG at 2W with and without air / water spray and at 4W with and without air / water spray; CO2 at 3.5W and 7W in pulsed mode and at 7W in continuous mode; the diode laser at 3...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703605/awareness-of-droplet-and-airborne-isolation-precautions-among-dental-health-professionals-during-the-outbreak-of-corona-virus-infection-in-riyadh-city-saudi-arabia
#16
Mohammad-Abdul Baseer, Shahzeb-Hasan Ansari, Sultan-Saleh AlShamrani, Abdul-Rahman Alakras, Raif Mahrous, Abdul-Majeed Alenazi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine knowledge, attitude and practice of airborne and droplet isolation precautions among Dental Health Professionals (DHPs) (dental students, interns, practitioners and auxiliaries) during the outbreak of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), corona virus infection in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 406 dental health professionals (DHPs) working in selected dental facilities in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia during the outbreak of MERS (April-June 2013)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703604/effect-of-pre-heating-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-silorane-based-and-methacrylate-based-composites
#17
Narmin Mohammadi, Elmira Jafari-Navimipour, Soodabeh Kimyai, Amir-Ahmad Ajami, Mahmoud Bahari, Mohammad Ansarin, Mahsa Ansarin
BACKGROUND: The use of composites in dental restoration has been commonly criticized, due to their underwhelming mechanical properties. This problem may be solved partially by preheating. The present research aims to determine the effect of preheating on the mechanical properties of two different classes of composites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A Silorane-based (Silorane) and a Methacrylate-based (Z250) composite were preheated to different temperatures (25, 37, and 68 °C) and afterwards were tested with the appropriate devices for each testing protocol...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703603/effectiveness-of-amlexanox-and-adcortyl-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-aphthous-ulcers
#18
Farid Abbasi, Maryam Raoof, Roya Khatami, Niloofar Shadman, Farnaz Borjian-Boroojeni, Farahnaz Nazari
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common condition that affects approximately 20% of the general population. The ulcers can interfere with speech and eating and cause significant pain and discomfort. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Amlexanox and Adcortyl in the treatment of aphthous ulcers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this randomized double blind clinical trial with sequential patient entry, a total of 40 patients who presented with aphthous ulcers were included...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703602/danger-zone-analysis-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-after-apical-enlargement-with-k3-and-k3xf-in-a-manikin-model
#19
Juan-Gonzalo Olivier, Marc García-Font, Jose-Antonio Gonzalez-Sanchez, Miguel Roig-Cayon, Fernando Durán-Sindreu
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate and compare how apical enlargement with K3 and K3XF nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments reduces the root thickness in the danger zone and affects canal transportation and centering ability in mandibular molar mesial canals in a manikin extracted tooth model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two mesial root canals of first mandibular molars were instrumented. Initial and post-instrumentation Cone Beam Computed Tomography scans were performed after root canal preparation up to size 25, 30, 35 and 40 files...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703601/in-vitro-evaluation-of-efficacy-of-different-rotary-instrument-systems-for-gutta-percha-removal-during-root-canal-retreatment
#20
Mercy Joseph, Jyoti Ahlawat, Amit Malhotra, Murali Rao, Abhimanyu Sharma, Sangeeta Talwar
BACKGROUND: Complete removal of old filling material during root canal retreatment is fundamental for predictable cleaning and shaping of canal anatomy. Most of the retreatment methods tested in earlier studies have shown inability to achieve complete removal of root canal filling. Therefore the aim of this investigation was to assess the efficacy of three different rotary nickel titanium retreatment systems and Hedstrom files in removing filling material from root canals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty extracted mandibular premolars were decoronated to leave 15 mm root...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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