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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry

Rubén Agustín-Panadero, Daniel Ausina-Escrihuela, Lucía Fernández-Estevan, Juan-Luis Román-Rodríguez, Joan Faus-López, María-Fernanda Solá-Ruíz
Recent years have seen increasing demand for treatments aimed at improving dental esthetics. In this context, both patients and dentists prefer to preserve dental structures as far as possible; thanks to technological advances, especially in adhesive dentistry, new materials and minimally invasive techniques such as "no-prep" (no preparation) veneers have made this possible. Nevertheless, no-prep veneers have specific indications and suffer certain disadvantages. OBJECTIVES: This clinical case describes the rehabilitation of the upper anterior region by means of no-prep veneers, with BOPT (Biologically Oriented Preparation Technique) cervical margins...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Demos Kalyvas, Konstantinos I Tosios, Kostas Tsiklakis, Alexandra Sklavounou
Sinonasal mucosal melanoma is a rare tumor that develops slowly and may manifest with non specific signs and symptoms, causing significant delay in diagnosis. Local recurrence is common and usually occurs within the first two years after the initial treatment. Prognosis of recurrent lesions is poor and 5-year survival ranges between 10-47%. We report the clinical, radiographic, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings of a recurrent sinonasal mucosal melanoma which was diagnosed 10 years after the initial treatment, in a patient who presented with unilateral facial swelling and one-sided difficulty in breathing of two years duration...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Bruno-Augusto-Benevenuto de Andrade, Nelson-Alejandro Padron-Alvarado, Edgar-Manuel Muñoz-Campos, Thayná-Melo-de Lima Morais, Ricardo Martinez-Pedraza
The antimalarials are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for conditions such as lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, and the side effects, though infrequent, are well known. The antimalarial agent chloroquine diphosphate usually causes pigmentary changes in the oral mucosa characterized by a bluish-grey to black discolorations mainly in the hard palate. Considering only the hard palate hyperpigmentation caused by chloroquine, to the best of our knowledge, only 13 cases have been reported in the English language literature...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Mario Caicedo-Rubio, Elvira Ferrés-Amat, Eduard Ferrés-Padró
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder in wich, the bone quality and density is affected. OI includes some metabolic disorders and have a wide range of clinical presentations. In Osteogenesis Imperfecta bone has a very low density and it is a disorder currently treated with bisphosphonates. Quality and quantity of bone is important for establishment of osseointegration in dental implants. There are few reported cases in the literature. This is a case report of a 61 year-old man with grade IV OI, rehabilitated with implant-supported fixed prostheses in the posterior right and left mandible, whithout bone grafts...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
David Reininger, Carlos Cobo-Vázquez, Benjamin Rosenberg, Juan López-Quiles
Background: Provide a review of alternative intraoral donor sites to the chin and body-ramus of the mandible that bring fewer complications and that may be used to regenerate small and medium defects. Material and Methods: A review was conducted using the search engine PUBMED and looking manually into scientific journals. Results: From the 35 articles included, 6 corresponded to the coronoids, 3 corresponded to the zygomatic body, 5 corresponded to the anterior maxillary sinus wall, 3 corresponded to the zygomatic alveolar process, 2 corresponded to the incisive fossa, 2 corresponded to the anterior nasal spine, 2 corresponded to the palatal region, 5 corresponded to the tuberosity, and 7 corresponded to the palatal and mandibular tori...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Verónica San José, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, Beatriz Tarazona, Natalia Zamora, Manuel O Lagravère, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo
Background: To compare the reliability and accuracy of direct and indirect dental measurements derived from two types of 3D virtual models: generated by intraoral laser scanning (ILS) and segmented cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), comparing these with a 2D digital model. Material and Methods: One hundred patients were selected. All patients' records included initial plaster models, an intraoral scan and a CBCT. Patients´ dental arches were scanned with the iTero® intraoral scanner while the CBCTs were segmented to create three-dimensional models...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Talita Franco, Silas-Antonio-Juvencio de Freitas Filho, Laís-Borges Muniz, Paulo-Rogério de Faria, Adriano-Mota Loyola, Sérgio-Vitorino Cardoso
Background: Oral peripheral nerve sheath tumors (OPNSTs) are reactive or neoplastic diseases that develop from proliferation of the nerve itself or their limiting sheaths. Here we describe the clinicopathologic data of OPNSTs observed in a sample of the Brazilian population and evaluate the expression of molecules associated with neural biology to determine their usefulness in the diagnosis. Material and Methods: Descriptive study of cases diagnosed as OPNSTs, from the Pathology Laboratory at the School of Dentistry/ Federal University of Uberlandia, followed by an immunohistochemical study of S-100, CD57, neurofilament protein (NFP) and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA)...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Alina Venete, Eva Trillo-Lumbreras, Vicente-Javier Prado-Gascó, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, José-María Montiel-Company
Background: Awareness of the influence of personality traits such as self-esteem and perfectionism on the aesthetic self-image can help clinicians to improve their patients' satisfaction and quality of life. The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between self-esteem, perfectionism and the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics, and their association with gender. Material and Methods: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 301 students of the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Valencia, aged between 18 and 30 years...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Antonio Gracco
Background: The styloid process is a projecton of the temporal bone, its lenght is between 20 to 30 mm, when it is longer than 30 mm it is defined elongated styloid process. The aim of this study is an epidemiological evaluation of 1003 digital panoramic radiographs in an Italian population between 5 and 90 years old. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis and the radiographs were selected from the Complex Operating Unit of Dentistry of Padua University Hospital database...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Luis-Antonio Aguirre-Zorzano, Ana M García-De La Fuente, Ruth Estefanía-Fresco, Xabier Marichalar-Mendía
Background: Connective tissue graft (CTG) is considered as the gold standard for the treatment of gingival recessions (GR). There are few studies assessing the complications that can arise in the donor site when harvesting a connective tissue graft (CTG) and how the harvesting technique can influence those complications. Material and Methods: A retrospective clinical study was carried out in order to compare the complications observed in 40 patients with Miller class I, II and III GR ≥ 3 mm, after using the trap-door technique (TD) in the control group and a newly described technique, the "UPV/EHU technique", in the test group...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Pedro J Almiñana-Pastor, Marta Segarra-Vidal, Andrés López-Roldán, Francisco M Alpiste-Illueca
Background: According to the Spanish Society of Cardiology, 700,000 patients receive oral anticoagulants, and in these cases bleeding on probing (BOP) could be altered. However, no studies have analyzed the periodontal status of these patients and the effects anticoagulants may have upon BOP. A study was made of the possible relationship between plaque index, probing depth, INR (International Normalized Ratio) and acenocoumarol dose versus the clinical signs of BOP in a sample of anticoagulated patients...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Domenico Ciavarella, Michele Tepedino, Crescenzio Gallo, Graziano Montaruli, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Ludovica Coppola, Giuseppe Troiano, Claudio Chimenti, Michele Laurenziello, Lucio Lo Russo
Background: To evaluate if changes in lower incisor position following orthodontic treatment are correlated with development of gingival recessions. Material and Methods: Pre- and post-treatment digital models and lateral cephalograms of 22 subjects were collected retrospectively. The clinical crown length, gingival scallop, and papilla height of the central lower incisor were measured along with the cephalometric incisor's inclination, the distance from the mandibular plane, and the distance between the Infradentale and Menton points...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Deepa A G, Bindu Janardanan-Nair, Varun B R
Background: Podoplanin is a type I transmembrane sialomucin-like glycoprotein that is specifically expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells. Studies have shown that assessment of podoplanin expression in the epithelial cells can be used to predict the malignant transformation of potentially malignant disorders and the metastatic tendency of primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of our study was to compare the expression of podoplanin in oral leukoplakia, oral submucous fibrosis and oral squamous cell carcinoma with that in normal buccal mucosa by immunohistochemical methods...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Enas Mangoush, Eija Säilynoja, Roosa Prinssi, Lippo Lassila, Pekka K Vallittu, Sufyan Garoushi
Background: Fiber reinforced composite (FRC) is a promising class of material that gives clinicians alternative treatment options. There are many FRC products available in the market based on either glass or polyethylene fiber type. The aim of this study was to present a comparison between glass and polyethylene fiber reinforced composites based on available literature review. Material and Methods: A thorough literature search, with no limitation, was done up to June 2017...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Matias-Ferrán Escobedo, Luis García-Consuegra, Silvia Gay, Lorena Álvarez, Sonsoles Olay, Giuliano Ascani, Luis Junquera
Background: This study aims to evaluate the influence of changes in the teaching contents on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw may have on the knowledge and the capacity for practical case resolution about this pathology. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted through a survey divided into four sections: degree of means of knowledge acquisition, habitual practice and ability to solve clinical cases. The total number of respondents (n = 225) was divided into two groups: Group A (Year 2015-2016) and Group B (Year 2016-2017)...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Amin Salem-Milani, Saeede Ghasemi, Saeed Rahimi, Amir Ardalan-Abdollahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the discoloration induced by CEM cement, Portland cement (PC) and MTA mixed with propylene glycol (MTA-PG) in comparison to White MTA. Material and Methods: Ninety extracted premolar and canine teeth were resected 2 mm below the CEJ. The coronal part of crown was prepared with peeso reamer and Gates-Glidden drills, and the specimens were randomly divided into 4 experimental (n=20) and one control (n=10) groups. The tooth crowns in experimental groups 1 to 4 were filled with White MTA, PC, CEM cement and MTA-PG, respectively; and in group 5, the teeth were kept empty...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Horieh Moosavi, Narjes Hakimi
Background: This study investigated the effect of post bleaching treatments to the change of enamel elastic modulus and microhardness after dental bleaching in- vitro. Material and Methods: Fifty bovine incisor slab were randomly assigned into five groups (n=10). The samples were bleached for three times; 20 minutes each time, by 40% hydrogen peroxide. Next it was applied fractional CO2 laser for two minutes, Nano- hydroxy apatite (N-HA) and MI-paste for 7 days and 2 minutes per day...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
David Peñarrocha-Oltra, Blanca Serra-Pastor, José-Carlos Balaguer-Martí, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Background: Immediate loading protocols for the rehabilitation of edentulous or partially edentulous patients have become very popular, due to the conveniences they afford in comparison with conventional loading techniques. Material and Methods: A preliminary study was carried out with 8 patients subjected to dental implant treatment with an immediate loading protocol involving a novel system of abutments with flexible screws. Implant survival was analyzed, together with marginal bone loss and patient and dentist satisfaction...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Esther Ruiz-Bell, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
The treatment of severe tetracycline discoloration is a challenge for the dentist. There are several treatment options and one of the most effective is the use of feldspathic veneers. The aim of this clinical case was to carry out the replacement with conventional feldspathic ceramic veneers on a patient with highly stained teeth (grade IV tetracycline) by a minimally invasive approach. Clinical examination revealed gingival retraction, color change of the veneers, ceramic cracked of 1.1 and 1.3 and incisal wear in lower anterior teeth...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Ana Jorques-Zafrilla, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
Tooth wear is defined as the progressive loss of a tooth's surface due to actions other than those which cause tooth decay or dental trauma. It is a pathological condition with an increasing prevalence among young people. The aim of this article is to describe an alternative treatment modality to rehabilitate the anterior guidance by a minimally invasive interdisciplinary ortho-restorative treatment. Two patients came to the dental clinic for restorative treatment in order to rehabilitate the worn anterior dentition...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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