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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry

Cosimo Galletti, Giovanni Cammaroto, Francesco Galletti, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, José-Javier Bara-Casaus
Oro-antral communications are frequent complications in oral surgery, and generally occur after molar extractions, maxillary sinus elevations or dental implant procedures. The presence of these defects may increase the morbidity and often need a surgical approach. The present report describes an oro-antral communication in a 52-year-old female who presented a 2 week-course of painless nasal obstruction and rhinorrea after a right maxillary sinus floor elevationwith simultaneous dental implant placement. Based on the anamnesis, clinical examination and a computed tomographyof the paranasal sinuses, a diagnosis of odontogenic rhinosinusitis associated with a 1...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Shigeo Ishikawa, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Shigemi Fuyama, Takehito Kobayashi, Takayoshi Waki, Yukio Taira, Mitsuyoshi Iino
Acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant tumor of the salivary glands. The majority of ACCs occur in the parotid gland, and ACCs of the minor salivary glands (MSGs) are relatively infrequent. We describe here a patient with ACC of the upper lip. The patient was a 31-year-old male who presented with a nodular mass on the left upper lip. The preoperative diagnosis was benign tumor or cyst, and the lesion was surgically excised. The histological diagnosis was ACC. The postoperative course was uneventful. No recurrence or metastasis was detected at 13 months postoperatively...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Blanca Serra-Pastor, Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Adult dentoalveolar trauma most often occurs in the context of sports activities and traffic accidents. Coronal fractures are the most common type of lesion, followed by tooth luxation. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who suffered alveolar bone damage and coronal fractures of the upper incisors, with extrusive luxation of the right central incisor, as the result of a fall. On the first visit, manual reduction of the buccal plate was carried out under local anesthesia, with repositioning of the right central incisor and splinting to the neighboring teeth...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Nikolaos Katsoulas, Evanthia Chrysomali, Evangelia Piperi, Georgia Levidou, Alexandra Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou
Methotrexate (MTX) is an established immunomodulating agent used in low doses (LDMTX) to treat several autoimmune diseases. Ulcerative stomatitis (US) may be observed as a long-term LDMTX adverse effect showing a wide histopathologic spectrum. A 73-year old female presented with painful oral ulcers of 5 days duration. The patient had been under treatment for rheumatoid arthritis with LDMTX, while one week before presentation she was prescribed ciprofloxacin for a urinary infection. Histopathologic examination of a lingual ulcer revealed a polymorphous lymphohistiocytic proliferation with scattered binucleated atypical lymphocytes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Jordi Borrás-Ferreres, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Cosme Gay-Escoda
The aim of this study was to systematically review scientific literature in orderto describe the characteristics and prognosis of malignant entities developing from odontogenic cysts. A search in Pubmed (MEDLINE) and Cochrane databases was conducted. The inclusion criteria were articles published in English related to the malignisation of odontogenic cysts in humans. The exclusion criteria were articles that do not specify the type of odontogenic cyst, malignisation of parakeratinised keratocysts, the presence of an ameloblastic carcinoma and metastasis from distant primary tumours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Bianca-Núbia Souza-Silva, José-Lucas-Sani-de Alcântara Rodrigues, Jefferson-Chaves Moreira, Felipe-de Souza Matos, Carla-Patrícia-Hernandez-Alves-Ribeiro Cesar, Carlos-Eduardo-Palanch Repeke, Luiz-Renato Paranhos
BACKGROUND: Teriparatide is a synthetic drug similar than PTH (parathyroid hormone), which is currently used as long-term treatment option for patients with bone chronic diseases, as osteoporosis; and this drug can interfere in a positive way in orthodontic movement. Objectives: The medical literature was assessed in the present systematic review in order to determine the level of scientific evidence supporting the influence of teriparatide in induced tooth movement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PRISMA Checklist was followed in this systematic review...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Adrian Curto, Alberto Albaladejo
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. Recently, new oral anticoagulants have been introduced as alternatives to warfarin and acenocoumarol. In Europe, the European Medicines Agency has approved dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life. However, they lack a specific reversal agent. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted through November 2015 for publications in the ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library using the keywords "apixaban", "rivaroxaban", "dabigatran", "new oral anticoagulants", "dental treatment" and "dental implications"...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Claudio Sicca, Elena Bobbio, Natale Quartuccio, Giovanni Nicolò, Angelina Cistaro
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to review medical and non medical treatments for prevention of caries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of the most relevant and updated published studies from 01/01/2002 through December 2015 in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and Scopus databases regarding the efficacy of strategies and treatments aiming to prevent the development of caries was performed selecting papers on the basis of the Evidence-based Medicine Criteria...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Sonia Egido-Moreno, Ana-Belén Lozano-Porras, Siddharth Mishra, Marcos Allegue-Allegue, Antonio Marí-Roig, José López-López
BACKGROUND: Lipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors composed of mature adipocytes. They are classified according to their histological pattern and their etiology remains unclear. Objectives: To present two cases and review the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was conducted in the Medline / PubMed and Scielo data bases of the last 10 years (2004-2014) with the keywords " intraoral lipoma OR oral cavity lipoma". RESULTS: 46 articles with 95 cases (56 women and 39 men) were reviewed...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Víctor-Manuel Paredes-Rodríguez, Gema Torrijos-Gómez, José González-Serrano, Rosa-María López-Pintor-Muñoz, Miguel-Ángel López-Bermejo, Gonzalo Hernández-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: We want to assess quality of life in elderly patients in relation to the number of remaining teeth, the number of ingested drugs and xerostomía and to determine the correlation between an increased intake of drugs and a greater feeling of dry mouth and to know the most commonly used measures to control xerostomia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 30 subjects aged between 65 and 95 years (14 males, 16 females) completed the OHIP questionnaire to determine quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Gonzalo Julián-Castellote, Verónica García-Sanz, José-María Montiel-Company, José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
BACKGROUND: Perception of malocclusion varies among individuals and among patients and practitioners. Although several indices that tend to coincide in many aspects and unify criteria, no single index has been recognised as the most suitable for assessing orthodontic treatment need. Moreover, orthodontists are not always aware of the differences in perception of malocclusion between patients and practitioners. OBJETIVES: To examine the perception of dental anaesthetics amongst dentists, orthodontists and the general population, study the relationship between the perception of dental aesthetics and the severity of the malocclusion, using the visual analogue scale and the IOTN-AC, and investigate relationships among the resulting data...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Iliana Diamanti, Haroula Koletsi-Kounari, Eleni Mamai-Homata
BACKGROUND: Fluoride toothpastes presumably offer some protection against acid erosion. However, uncertainty exists towards fluoride's efficacy relatively to the concentration and the type of chemical compound used. This in vitro study evaluated the relative efficacy of toothpastes containing sodium fluoride in different concentrations or a stabilized stannous fluoride/sodium fluoride system on root dentine erosion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bovine dentin specimens were allocated into four groups (n=10): control (no F), 1450ppm F (as NaF), 5000ppm F (as NaF) and 1450ppm F (1100ppm as stabilized SnF2 and 350ppm as NaF)/sodium hexamethaphosphate...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Laura Criado, Antonio de La Fuente, Margarita Heredia, Javier Montero, Alberto Albaladejo, José-María Criado
BACKGROUND: Due to the absence of agreement about an effective unified treatment for temporomandibular disorders, non-invasive therapies such as EMG-biofeedback generate a greater interest. Furthermore, most studies to the present show methodological deficiencies that must be solved in the future, which makes important to emphasize this line of studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen patients were selected for this case series study, and replied to a questionnaire concerning awareness of bruxism, painful muscles, and muscle tension...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Nagwa-Abdelhamid Othman, Olfat-Gamil Shaker, Hanaa-Mohamed Elshenawy, Wessam Abd-Elmoniem, Amany-Mohy Eldin, Mariam-Yehia Fakhr
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common chronic inflammatory mucosal disease with a multifactorial etiology. It is a T-cell mediated autoimmune disease in which the cytotoxic CD8+T cells trigger apoptosis of the basal cells of oral epithelium. Various treatment regimens have been employed for management of symptomatic OLP. This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of topical steroids as well as laser on the clinical signs and symptoms detected by reticular, atrophic, erosive score (RAE score) and tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) level in the serum of patients with symptomatic OLP...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Farnaz Jafari, Ehsan Sobhani, Hossein Samadi-Kafil, Ahmad Pirzadeh, Sanaz Jafari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the sealing ability of MTA Fillapex, Apatite Root Canal Sealer and AH26 sealers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present in vitro study was carried out on 142 extracted single-rooted human mature teeth. The teeth were randomly divided into three experimental groups (n=44) and two control groups (n=5). Three root canal sealers were MTA Fillapex, Apatite Root Canal Sealer and AH26. The teeth in the control groups were either filled with no sealer or made completely impermeable...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Masahiro Heima, Tanya Ranginwala, Sorin Teich
BACKGROUND: Parents receive diet recommendations for their children from dentists and dietitians, but a conflict of diet suggestions has been reported. This research was conducted to investigate dental caries experiences in children consuming snacks that were recommended by dentists and/or dietitians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 442 kindergarteners under went dental examinations, and their caregivers filled out questionnaires. Snacks were sorted by name. Three dentists and three dietitians determined whether they would recommend these snacks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Mahkameh Moshfeghi, Amirreza Beglou, Hamed Mortazavi, Nazanin Bahrololumi
BACKGROUND: Lip prints are verified to be unique to an individual and stable over time; hence they have potential for human identification purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the individuality and variability of lip prints in an Iranian population for the first time. We also sought to assess the possibility of sex determination via lip printing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lip prints of 96 individuals including 22 males and 74 females were recorded on a plain white paper using a dark-colored lipstick and 50 mm of Scotch tape...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Anna Akkus, Asya Akkus, Renato Roperto, Ozan Akkus, Thiago Porto, Sorin Teich, Lisa Lang
BACKGROUND: An understanding of tooth enamel mineral content using a clinically viable method is essential since variations in mineralization may serve as an early precursor of a dental health issues, and may predict progression and architecture of decay in addition to assessing the success and effectiveness of the remineralization strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty two human incisor teeth were obtained in compliance with the NIH guidelines and site specifically imaged with Raman microscope...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Paolo Cariati, Rocío Martínez, Ildefonso Martínez-Lara
BACKGROUND: Orthognathic surgery is a branch of maxillofacial surgery. It carries out the treatment of the facial skeleton asymmetries and deformities. The patients who ask for this surgery are often young people who usually refer symptoms related to dental malocclusion, difficulty eating and temporo-mandibular pain. These physical symptoms are often accompanied by psychological symptoms triggered by their physical appearance such as low self-esteem, self-confidence and negativism about their social and emotional future...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Stéphanie Jager, Rémy Balthazard, Marin Vincent, Abdessellam Dahoun, Eric Mortier
BACKGROUND: This study compared the storage modulus (E'), the loss modulus (E'') and the loss tangent (tan δ) of various flowable resin composites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Grandio Flow (GRF), GrandioSo Heavy Flow (GHF), Filtek Supreme XTE (XTE) and Filtek Bulk Fill (BUL) flowable resins and Clinpro Sealant (CLI) ultra-flowable pit and fissure sealant resin were used. 25 samples were tested using a dynamical mechanical thermal analysis system in bending mode. Measurements were taken within a temperature range of 10 to 55°C...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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