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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry

Ramón Gómez-Meda, Vanessa Montoya-Salazar, Santiago Dalmau, Daniel Torres-Lagares
We present a case that describes a three-step clinical technique to provide guidelines to replace fractured teeth with immediate implant placement using the same dental structure as a temporary crown and a regenerative approach. This approach predictably maintains the interdental papilla and gingiva emergence profile to ensure a favorable cosmetic result. A 3-year follow-up has shown good clinical outcomes and stability in crestal bone levels. Consequently, this is an innovative way to do temporary crown and design restorations in everyday clinical practice...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Ramón Gómez-Meda, Carlos Torres-Sanchez, Santiago Mareque-Bueno, Juan Zufía-González, Daniel Torres-Lagares, José-Luis Gutierrez-Pérez
Purpose: Connective tissue grafts are widely documented as a predictable technique for treating Miller Class I and II recessions, as well as procedures in which soft tissue augmentation is required for aesthetic reasons. This article aims to explore the resolution of a clinical case with this type of problema. Clinical case: This case describes a technique for reconstructing a pontic area and adjacent papilla by means of two consecutive connective tissue grafts...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Muhammad Ruslin, Andi S Hajrah-Yusuf, Andi Tajrin, Lun-Jou Lo, Tymour Forouzanfar
Background: The buccal fat pad (BFP) is an encapsulated mass originated from a specific fat tissue in various volume throughout the life of each person and BFP has been used in various surgeries as a source of useful graft material due to its easy accessibility and rich vascularization. Case Report: This report describes fifteen patients who were treated with buccal fat pads (BFP) as a pedicled graft for lateral relaxing wound closure in primary cleft palate surgery...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Alessandra-Maria-Ceolin Milani, Carmen-Lúcia-Rodrigues Macedo, Mariana-De-Carlo Bello, Celso-Afonso Klein-Júnior, Rubem-Beraldo Dos Santos
The burning mouth syndrome (BMS) has no specific clinical and laboratory signs. Its etiology is yet to be elucidated, but it is considered to be affected by multifactorial, psychological, and local and systemic factors. This condition is considered of great morbidity, and the main complaint of patients maybe associated with xerostomia, thirst, and altered taste. The present study aims to report two cases of BMS and to evaluate the outcome of cognitive therapy (CT) plus phytotherapy in the control of BMS. The patients were female, Caucasian, and aged between 58 and 69 years...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Savvas Titsinides, Demos Kalyvas, Konstantinos Tosios
Mucoceles represent one of the most common lesions of the oral cavity, developing as a result of saliva accumulation. The most frequent affected area is the lower lip, followed by floor of mouth, ventral tongue and buccal mucosa. Despite numerous reports of mucoceles originating on the ventral surface of the tongue, only scarce cases of such a lesion identified on the dorsal tongue surface have been described. In this report a mucocele developed on the dorsal tongue of a 74-year-old woman is described. Additionally a review of previously published mucoceles of the dorsal surface of the tongue is provided and discussed...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Antonino Lo Giudice, Cosimo Galletti, Cosme Gay-Escoda, Rosalia Leonardi
Background: The present systematic review analyzed the current literature to investigate whether rapid maxillary expansion (RME) causes radicular resorption, assessed by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Eighteen electronic databases and reference lists of studies were searched up to November 2017. Grey literature was also screened. To be included, articles must be human studies on growing subjects with transversal maxillary deficiency treated with maxillary expansion protocol and with 3-D radiographic assessment of radicular volume by CBCT images...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Jordi Caballé-Serrano, Antonio Munar-Frau, Octavi Ortiz-Puigpelat, David Soto-Penaloza, Miguel Peñarrocha, Federico Hernández-Alfaro
Background: GBRs are essential procedures in implant dentistry and periodontology where barrier membranes play an important role by isolating soft tissue and allowing bone to grow. Not all membranes function the same way, as they differ from their origin and structure, it is important to understand how membranes behave and differ one from others in order to achieve a predictable treatment. Material and Methods: A systematic search on Medline by two independent reviewers was performed for articles published until July 2017 reporting the characteristics or properties of barrier membranes...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Fatima-Carmen Aguilar-Díaz, Ma Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, Socorro-Aída Borges-Yáñez
Background: A 2-group randomized field trial was conducted to evaluate the impact of a fluorosis educational preventive program in mother´s knowledge and practices, and on the urine fluoride concentration of their preschool children. Material and Methods: A group of 139 mother-child pairs participated in the study. Randomly, children were assigned to an intervention group, their mothers were participants of an educational program, or a control group (CG); including 69 and 70 child-mother pairs, respectively, the follow-up period was six months...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Aida Esmaeeli, Mohamad Esmaeeli, Masoumeh Ebrahimi, Atefeh Nasehi
Background: Diagnosis of oral complications in the dialysis patients is important to prevent potential infections. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare oral findings in dialysis patients with healthy individuals and determination of the correlation of these findings and laboratory tests. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, DMFT, dmft, DI , CI , OHIS , PI, GI and enamel defects were evaluated in 25 hemodialysis patients, 30 peritoneal dialysis patients and 26 healthy individuals...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Carlos González, Leopoldo Forner, Carmen Llena, Adrián Lozano
Background: Chlorhexidine is an irrigant solution widely used in root canal treatment because of its good antimicrobial properties. However, its mixture with sodium hypochlorite results in the appearance of substance called p-chloroaniline, a cytotoxic substance. This is also found when chlorhexidine is heated. The use of passive ultrasonic irrigation is related to an irrigant thermal increase, which can cause the appearance of p-chloroaniline. Thus, the objective is to establish the influence of ultrasonic and sonic activation, with the use of different intensities, upon the temperature of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX)...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Keith R Dobrin, Prashanti Bollu, Kishore Chaudhry, Karthikeyan Subramani
Background: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of transillumination techniques to conventional light curing on shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) of orthodontic stainless steel brackets. Material and Methods: 240 extracted human maxillary incisors, canines and premolars were randomly separated into four control and four experimental groups, based on tooth type. Labio-lingual thickness was measured. Control groups were light cured from buccal surface and experimental groups from lingual surface (transillumination) from four directions (mesial-distal, incisal-direct, direct, mesial-distal-incisal)...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Dariush Hasheminia, Amirhossein Moaddabi, Saeid Moradi, Parisa Soltani, Mahsa Moannaei, Maryam Issazadeh
Background: Dry socket or alveolar osteitis is a delayed healing of alveolar bone after exodontia causing moderate to severe pain 2-4 days after extraction of teeth. Antibacterial agents such as antibiotics and chlorhexidine have been previously proved to prevent or reduce the incidence of dry socket. Betadine is a mixture of iodine and povidone which has bactericidal, antifungal and antiviral effects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of preoperative povidone iodine 1% mouthwash before surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molar, however age, gender and oral hygiene were also considered...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Carlos-Eduardo Datte, João-Paulo-Mendes Tribst, Amanda-Maria-de Oliveira Dal Piva, Renato-Sussumu Nishioka, Marco-Antonio Bottino, Alexandre-Duarte M Evangelhista, Fabrício M de M Monteiro, Alexandre-Luiz-Souto Borges
Background: To assist clinicians in deciding the most suitable restorative materials to be used in the crowns and abutment in implant rehabilitation. Material and Methods: For finite element analysis (FEA), a regular morse taper implant was created using a computer aided design software. The implant was inserted at the bone model with 3 mm of exposed threads. An anatomic prosthesis representing a first maxillary molar was modeled and cemented on the solid abutment...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Niloofar Jenabian, Mina Motallebnejad, Ehsan Zahedi, Nima D Sarmast, Nikola Angelov
Background: Several researchers have tried to improve the results of gingival recession treatment techniques. One of the methods is to use growth factors The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of CAF (coronally advanced flap) + CTG (connective tissue graft) + PRGF (plasma rich in growth factors) in the treatment of Miller Class I buccal gingival recession. Material and Methods: Twenty-two teeth with Miller Class I gingival recession in 6 patients 26 ‒ 47 years of age were included in a split-mouth designed randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Dina-Wahied El Assal, Ali-Mohamed Saafan, Dina-Hassan Moustafa, Marwa-Adel Al-Sayed
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of combining fractional CO2 LASER and nanohydroxy apatite on surface microhardness and color of enamel with initial defects. Material and Methods: Two types of nano hydroxylapatite (nHAP) was prepared; Pure hydroxyapatite (nHA) and Fluoro hydroxyapatite (nFHA), Sixty extracted premolar teeth without visible caries or structural defects on enamel surface were used, immersed in 10 ml of a demineralizing solution for 2 weeks to create artificial white spot lesions, they were randomly allocated into two groups; Group 1: nHA, Group 2: nFHA, each group is then subdivided into 2 subgroups (A and B) where two different in vitro remineralization procedures have been performed, the first procedure utilizes a 10 wt% nHA aqueous slurries only, the second was first exposed to irradiation from a fractional CO2 laser then (nHAP) was applied...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Preethesh Shetty, Mithra N Hegde, Sunil M Eraly
Background: Renal failure is a process that expresses a loss of functional capacity of the nephrons, independently of its etiology. The most widely used technique to combat renal failure is hemodialysis. Renal failure causes various systemic alterations including oral complications such as variations in the flow and composition of the saliva. Caries is a multifactorial disease and impaired stimulated salivary flow rate and buffering capacity are the best-known risk factors. The present study aims to evaluate the salivary pH, buffering capacity and the flow rate of saliva to the DMFT status in adult hemodialysis patients among the Indian population...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Fereshteh Shafiei, Maryam Saadat, Zahra Jowkar
Background: This study evaluated the effect of three different silanes and post-silanization treatments on the retentive strength of fiber posts luted with an etch-and-rinse resin cement. Material and Methods: One hundred intact maxillary central incisors were randomly divided into 10 groups after endodontic treatment and post space preparation (n=10). The fiber posts were etched using 24% hydrogen peroxide. Posts of the control group did not receive silane. In nine experimental groups, each of the three silanes used, Scotchbond Universal adhesive, Bis-Silane and Porcelain Primer, was subjected to three treatments: air-drying at 25°C, warm air-drying and CO2 laser heat treatment...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Ana Jorques-Zafrilla, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
Excessive gingival display is an esthetic concern for patients. It is a condition in which an overexposure of the maxillary gingiva (>3mm) is present during smiling. There are different etiologies of a gummy smile, such as vertical maxillary excess, short and hyperactive upper lip, altered passive eruption, anterior dentoalveolar extrusion, or a combination of these causes. The correct diagnosis of all etiologic factors is imperative for its appropriate management. Many techniques have been used to restore the dentogingival relation for the management of gummy smile...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Fernando-Cesar Torres, Claudio-Fróes de Freitas, Diego-Vianez Pereira, Tarcila Triviño, Acácio Fuziy, Fernando-Akio Maeda
Background: Clinical cases involving agenesis of all four maxillary incisors are rare, with no previous reports in the literature. Case report: The present case report describes an orthodontic treatment combined with esthetic dentistry in a 10-year-old girl with agenesis of all four permanent maxillary incisors, anterior crossbite, permanence of deciduous maxillary canines and transmigration of permanent maxillary canines into the region of the maxillary central incisors...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Natasha Azhar, Maheen Sohail, Fareeha Ahmad, Shaheen Fareeha, Soofia Jamil, Nouman Mughal, Hira Salam
Background: Oral cancer is a highly prevalent malignancy in Pakistan. Among various risk factors associated with this neoplasm, habits such as smoked and smokeless tobacco usage, betel quid, and betel nut consumption are the major culprits in our society. In the present study, we aimed to ascertain prevalent risk factors for OC in our population and to compare our findings with healthy controls to establish their significance. Material and Methods: A hospital-based case control study was conducted at Dow University of Health Sciences, Pakistan from January 2015 - September 2016...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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