journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Addiction

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009080/tobacco-use-and-associated-factors-in-patients-presenting-to-a-psychiatric-emergency-room
#1
Ashely Collins, Oluwadamilare Ajayi, Savannah Diamond, William Diamond, Suzanne Holroyd
Background: Rates of cigarette smoking among the public and individuals with mental illness have been well documented. Studies have demonstrated that prevalence of smoking among individuals with mental illness remains elevated compared to the general population and as a distinct subgroup, individuals with mental illness consume more than a third of cigarettes sold in the U.S. However, information on rates of smoking among patients presenting to a psychiatric emergency room (ER) is lacking...
2018: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713559/substance-use-criminal-recidivism-and-mortality-in-criminal-justice-clients-a-comparison-between-men-and-women
#2
Caroline Mannerfelt, Anders Håkansson
Background. This study aimed to map differences between male and female offenders with substance abuse, with respect to descriptive characteristics and risk factors for mortality and criminal recidivism. Methods. Criminal justice clients with substance abuse problems ( n = 7085) were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index. Mortality and data on return to criminal justice were retrieved from national registers. Results. Female offenders reported heavier substance use patterns, more psychiatric symptoms, and more often a partner with substance abuse, but had lower mortality (2% versus 4%) and criminal recidivism (62% versus 71%) during follow-up...
2018: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682394/cancer-patients-enrolled-in-a-smoking-cessation-clinical-trial-characteristics-and-correlates-of-smoking-rate-and-nicotine-dependence
#3
Andrew Miele, Morgan Thompson, Nancy C Jao, Ravi Kalhan, Frank Leone, Lee Hogarth, Brian Hitsman, Robert Schnoll
Introduction: A substantial proportion of cancer patients continue to smoke after their diagnosis but few studies have evaluated correlates of nicotine dependence and smoking rate in this population, which could help guide smoking cessation interventions. Aim: This study evaluated correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence among 207 cancer patients. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis using multiple linear regression evaluated disease, demographic, affective, and tobacco-seeking correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence...
2018: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435382/high-rates-of-tramadol-use-among-treatment-seeking-adolescents-in-malm%C3%A3-sweden-a-study-of-hair-analysis-of-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use
#4
Martin O Olsson, Agneta Öjehagen, Louise Brådvik, Robert Kronstrand, Anders Håkansson
Background: Nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) is a growing problem and tramadol has been suggested as an emerging problem in young treatment-seeking individuals. The aim of the present study was to investigate, through hair analysis, NMPOU in this group and, specifically, tramadol use. Methods: In a study including 73 treatment-seeking adolescents and young adults at an outpatient facility for young substance users, hair specimens could be obtained from 59 subjects...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913001/methamphetamine-use-and-emergency-department-utilization-20-years-later
#5
John R Richards, Sheiva Hamidi, Connor D Grant, Colin G Wang, Nabil Tabish, Samuel D Turnipseed, Robert W Derlet
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MAP) users present to the emergency department (ED) for myriad reasons, including trauma, chest pain, and psychosis. The purpose of this study is to determine how their prevalence, demographics, and resource utilization have changed. METHODS: Retrospective review of MAP patients over 3 months in 2016. Demographics, mode of arrival, presenting complaints, disposition, and concomitant cocaine/ethanol use were compared to a 1996 study at the same ED...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900552/electronic-cigarette-use-among-mississippi-adults-2015
#6
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton, Enkhmaa Byambaa, Lei Zhang
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver nicotine in the form of aerosol. We identify differences and associations in e-cigarette use by sociodemographic characteristics and describe the reported reasons for initiating use among Mississippi adults. We used the 2015 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which collected information on e-cigarette use from 6,035 respondents. The prevalence of current e-cigarette use and having ever tried an e-cigarette was determined overall and by sociodemographic characteristics...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607798/caregiver-burden-in-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#7
Ramanujam Vaishnavi, Murugan Selvaraj Karthik, Ramasamy Balakrishnan, Ramanathan Sathianathan
BACKGROUND: Alcoholism is a major threat to the individual as well as the society and the maximum burden of the illness is borne by the family. AIM: The study is aimed at assessing the pattern of burden on the caregivers of alcohol dependent patients and at assessing the relationship between the severity of dependence and the burden on caregivers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458942/a-prototypical-first-generation-electronic-cigarette-does-not-reduce-reports-of-tobacco-urges-or-withdrawal-symptoms-among-cigarette-smokers
#8
Arit M Harvanko, Catherine A Martin, Richard J Kryscio, William W Stoops, Joshua A Lile, Thomas H Kelly
It is unknown whether first-generation electronic cigarettes reduce smoking urges and withdrawal symptoms following a 24 h deprivation period. This study tested whether a first-generation electronic cigarette reduces smoking urges and withdrawal symptoms in cigarette smokers. Following 24 h of tobacco deprivation, using a within-subjects design, eight nontreatment seeking tobacco cigarette smokers (3 females) administered 10 puffs from a conventional cigarette or a first-generation electronic cigarette containing liquid with 0, 8 or 16 mg/ml nicotine...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367351/predicting-inpatient-detoxification-outcome-of-alcohol-and-drug-dependent-patients-the-influence-of-sociodemographic-environment-motivation-impulsivity-and-medical-comorbidities
#9
Yvonne Sofin, Heidi Danker-Hopfe, Tina Gooren, Peter Neu
Aims. This prospective study aims to identify patient characteristics as predictors for treatment outcome during inpatient detoxification treatment for drug and alcohol dependent patients. Methods. A mixed gender sample of 832 consecutively admitted drug and alcohol dependent patients were interviewed by an experienced physician. The impact of a variety of factors concerning social environment, therapy motivation, impulsivity related variables, medical history, and addiction severity on treatment outcome was examined...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097037/nonmedical-use-of-antihistaminergic-anxiolytics-and-other-prescription-drugs-among-persons-with-opioid-dependence
#10
Disa Dahlman, Tove Abrahamsson, Alex H Kral, Anders Hakansson
Background. Nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) is an increasing problem, insufficiently studied among people in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT). This study investigates the prevalence of and factors associated with NMPDU for drug classes insufficiently described in opioid-dependent populations, including antihistaminergic anxiolytics and central stimulants. Methods. Study participants were recruited at two OMT clinics in Malmo, Sweden, between October 2014 and December 2015 (N = 73) and interviewed about their use, motivations for use, and acquisition and administration of prescription drugs...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044121/investigation-of-cognitive-improvement-in-alcohol-dependent-inpatients-using-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-score
#11
Stéphanie Pelletier, Bertrand Nalpas, Régis Alarcon, Hélène Rigole, Pascal Perney
Background. Cognitive dysfunction is a common feature in alcohol use disorders. Its persistence following alcohol detoxification may impair quality of life and increase the risk of relapse. We analyzed cognitive impairment changes using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score in a large sample of alcohol-dependent inpatients hospitalized for at least 4 weeks. Method. This was an observational longitudinal survey. Inclusion criteria were alcohol dependence (DSM-IV) and alcohol abstinence for at least one week...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994907/the-impact-of-social-structures-on-deviant-behaviors-the-study-of-402-high-risk-street-drug-users-in-iran
#12
Maryam Mehrabi, Sharareh Eskandarieh, Mahmoud Khodadost, Maneli Sadeghi, Ali Nikfarjam, Ahmad Hajebi
This study is a sociological analysis of the three dimensions of social structure including institutional, relational, and embodied structures that have an impact on the individuals' deviant behaviors in the society. The authors used a mix method to analyze the qualitative and quantitative data of 402 high risk abandoned substance users in 2008 in Tehran, capital city of Iran. The leading reasons of substance use were categorized into four fundamental themes as follows: stress, deviant social networks, and low social capital and weak social support sources...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891289/nor-bni-antagonism-of-kappa-opioid-agonist-induced-reinstatement-of-ethanol-seeking-behavior
#13
Erin Harshberger, Emily A Gilson, Kelli Gillett, Jasmine H Stone, Laila El Amrani, Glenn R Valdez
Recent work suggests that the dynorphin (DYN)/kappa opioid receptor (KOR) system may be a key mediator in the behavioral effects of alcohol. The objective of the present study was to examine the ability of the KOR antagonist norbinaltorphimine (nor-BNI) to attenuate relapse to ethanol seeking due to priming injections of the KOR agonist U50,488 at time points consistent with KOR selectivity. Male Wistar rats were trained to self-administer a 10% ethanol solution, and then responding was extinguished. Following extinction, rats were injected with U50,488 (0...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847671/heavy-alcohol-drinking-associated-akathisia-and-management-with-quetiapine-xr-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#14
Zimple Kurlawala, Vatsalya Vatsalya
Heavy drinking contributes to involuntary body movements such as akathisia. Quetiapine has been shown to alleviate symptoms of akathisia; however, its efficacy in the alcohol dependent population is not well established. Thus, we aimed to identify efficacy of Quetiapine in treating akathisia in very heavy drinking alcohol dependent patients. 108 male and female heavy alcohol consuming study participants received 13 weeks of Quetiapine XR. Drinking history (Timeline Followback, TLFB), depression (Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, MADRS), and movement (Barnes Akathisia Scale, BARS) measures were collected at baseline (0 W), week 6 (6 W), and week 12 (12 W)...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840765/substance-use-disorders-in-elderly-admissions-to-an-academic-psychiatric-inpatient-service-over-a-10-year-period
#15
Dennis Dombrowski, Nelly Norrell, Suzanne Holroyd
Objective . There is a paucity of research on substance use disorders (SUDs) in the elderly psychiatric population. This study examines SUDs in a geriatric psychiatry inpatient service over a 10-year period. Methods . Data from 1788 elderly psychiatric inpatients from a ten-year period was collected. Variables collected included psychiatric diagnoses, SUD, number of psychiatric admissions, and length of stay. Those with and without a SUD were compared using Chi-Square or Student's t -test as appropriate using SPSS...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800208/family-based-intervention-program-for-parents-of-substance-abusing-youth-and-adolescents
#16
David Bisetto Pons, Remedios González Barrón, Álvaro Botella Guijarro
The use of drugs among adolescents/youth often results in a high degree of distress for the family members who live with them. This in turn can lead to a deterioration of mental (psychological) health, hindering any attempt to successfully cope with the situation. The goal of our research was to study the effect of the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) program on parents of adolescents/young adult drug users. Study volunteers (n = 50) were parents from Valencia (Spain) that were divided into two groups...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752388/the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-alcohol-related-problems-in-a-community-sample-of-african-american-women
#17
Hugh Klein, Claire E Sterk, Kirk W Elifson
Purpose. This study examines the prevalence of alcohol-related problems, the factors underlying these problems, and whether or not there is evidence of syndemic effects in a community population of southern, urban African American women. Methods. Questionnaire-based interviews were conducted with 817 women, all African American, from 80 targeted census block groups in Atlanta, Georgia. Results. Most of the alcohol users (67.8%) experienced at least one problem as a result of their alcohol (ab)use, with most women experiencing two or more such problems...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747130/cross-sectional-survey-on-quitting-attempts-among-adolescent-smokers-in-dharan-eastern-nepal
#18
Pranil Man Singh Pradhan, Kedar Marahatta
Background . Adolescents frequently attempt smoking cessation but are unable to maintain long term abstinence because they are dependent on nicotine and experience withdrawal symptoms. Objectives . This study aimed to explore the quitting attempts among adolescent smokers in Dharan Municipality of Eastern Nepal. Methods . A cross-sectional study was conducted using pretested self-administered questionnaire adapted from Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess current smokers and quitting attempts among 1312 adolescent students in middle (14-15 years) and late adolescence (16-19 years)...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722007/predictors-of-relapse-after-inpatient-opioid-detoxification-during-1-year-follow-up
#19
Harsh Chalana, Tanu Kundal, Varun Gupta, Amandeep Singh Malhari
Introduction. Relapse rate after opioid detoxification is very high. We studied the possibility that predetoxification patient characteristics might predict relapse at follow-up and thus conducted this 1-year follow-up study to assess the predictors of relapse after inpatient opioid detoxification. Materials and Methods. We conducted this study in our tertiary care institute in India over two-year time period (1 Jan 2014 to 31 Dec 2015). Out of 581 patients admitted, 466 patients were considered for study. Results and Discussion...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672475/effects-of-a-comprehensive-multiple-risky-behavior-prevention-program-on-high-school-students
#20
Crystal Collier, Anthony J Onwuegbuzie, Alicia LaChapelle, Jessica Davison
The purpose of this research study was to examine the effect of a multiple risky behaviors prevention program applied comprehensively throughout an entire school system involving universal, selective, and indicated levels of students at a local private high school during a 4-year period. The noncurriculum prevention program was created based upon the key elements of effective prevention programming and the need to address the growing variety of risky behaviors that the youth face today. Results (n = 469 to 614) indicated that 7 out of 15 risky behaviors statistically significantly decreased throughout the 4-year study, with 6 behaviors involving alcohol and drugs...
2016: Journal of Addiction
journal
journal
48186
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"