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Journal of Bone Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259966/x-linked-hypophosphatemic-rickets-del-2-q37-1-q37-3-deletion-syndrome-and-mosaic-turner-syndrome-mos-45-x-46-x-del-2-q37-1-q37-3-in-a-3-year-old-female
#1
Alaina P Vidmar, Brian Miyazaki, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Pisit Pitukcheewanont
There are currently no published cases that report concomitant Turner syndrome (TS), 2q37 deletion syndrome and X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH). Interestingly, since the clinical phenotypes of TS and 2q37 deletion syndrome overlap, the correct diagnosis may be missed without a standardized approach to genetic testing consisting of both karyotype and microarray. Both chromosome anomalies have been associated with short stature and a variety of skeletal abnormalities however to date no reports have associated these syndromes in association with a phosphate regulating endopeptidase homolog, X-linked (PHEX) gene deletion resulting in XLH...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259965/clinical-characteristics-causes-and-survival-in-115-cancer-patients-with-parathyroid-hormone-related-protein-mediated-hypercalcemia
#2
Joon Jin, Jin Ook Chung, Min Young Chung, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung
Background: The aim of this study is to determine the proportion of cancers presenting with parathyroid hormone (PTH) related protein (PTHrP)-mediated hypercalcemia, examine the clinical and biochemical characteristics, identify predictive factors for survival. And we also compared those characteristics between solid organ and hematologic malignancy groups. Methods: Cancer patients with PTHrP-mediated hypercalcemia who were treated at Chonnam National University Hospital in Korea from January 2005 to January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259964/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-in-korean-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-their-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#3
Sang Hee Lee, Hye-Young Kwon
Background: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of osteoporosis, risk factors associated with osteoporosis, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinically stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Methods: A total of 1,081 COPD patients were recruited from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from July 2008 to May 2011. Bone mineral densities at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total proximal femur were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259963/comparison-of-bone-mineral-density-and-appendicular-lean-body-mass-between-osteoporotic-distal-radius-fracture-and-degenerative-rotator-cuff-tear-in-women-patients
#4
Jun-Ku Lee, Byung-Ho Yoon, Kyunghun Jung, Gotak Kim, Soo-Hong Han
Background: Authors assessed lean body mass (fat free tissue), upper and lower, and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients of osteoporotic bone distal radius fracture (DRF) and degenerative rotator cuff tear (RCT) patients of shoulder. We predict inferior muscle mass and osteoporosis are more frequent in DRF group than RCT group. Methods: Between January 2016 and June 2017, overall 38 of DRF and 30 of RCT were eligible for this retrospective comparison study after excluding of patients with compounding factors...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259962/serum-vitamin-d-level-related-to-coffee-consumption-in-korean-young-adults-using-the-5th-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Dong-Won Byun, Bora Lee, Temuulee Enkhbold, Tae-Hee Kim
Background: Even young adults are highly interested in their osteological health, yet their calcium intake does not match the level of such interest. Increase in bone loss is known to be associated with higher intake of caffeine and coffee consumption among the young Korean is rising steadily. This study was conducted to reveal the relationship between coffee consumption and serum vitamin D level in Korean young adults. Methods: This study analyzed potential difference in lifestyle and concentration of vitamin D in blood in relation to coffee intake frequency of 2,523 subjects on the basis of data from the 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259961/relationship-between-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentration-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-fatty-liver
#6
Hee-Sook Lim, Tae-Hee Kim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Soon-Kyung Kim, Bora Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park
Background: The vitamin D deficiency rate in Koreans is still high and dietary intake is insufficient. The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for the management of metabolic syndrome (MetS) by analyzing the effect of vitamin D levels on the MetS in patients with fatty liver. Methods: We analyzed the MetS ratio and serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration in 151 adults diagnosed with fatty liver by using obesity index and blood profiles. We collected data on demographic factors, nutrient intake, and lifestyle habits...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259960/factors-affecting-bone-mineral-density-measurement-after-fracture-in-south-korea
#7
Jin-Woo Kim, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee
Background: Prior osteoporotic fractures are strongly associated with the subsequent fractures. To prevent this, the diagnosis of osteoporosis following an osteoporotic fracture is important. The measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) is the first step for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis. Therefore, the purposes of this study are 1) to evaluate the rate of BMD measurement after osteoporotic fracture in Korean population; and 2) determine the associated factors with BMD measurement after fractures among Korean patients...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259959/fexaramine-inhibits-receptor-activator-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-ligand-induced-osteoclast-formation-via-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-cells-signaling-pathways
#8
Ting Zheng, Na-Young Kim, Mijung Yim
Background: Osteoclasts are bone resorbing cells and are responsible for bone erosion in diseases as diverse as osteoporosis, periodontitis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Fexaramine has been developed as an agonist for the farnesoid X receptor (FXR). This study investigated the effects of fexaramine on receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation and signaling pathways. Methods: Osteoclasts were formed by culturing mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and RANKL...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259958/bone-density-status-in-bleeding-disorders-where-are-we-and-what-needs-to-be-done
#9
REVIEW
Hassan Mansouritorghabeh, Zahra Rezaieyazdi
Bleeding disorders, including hemophilia, can be seen in every ethnic population in the world. Among various bleeding disorders, reduced bone density has been addressed in hemophilia A. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in addressing osteopenia and osteoporosis in hemophilia A. There is little or no study about the possible susceptibility of other individuals with bleeding disorders to reduced bone density. Questions have been raised about the role of blood coagulation factors in bone mineralization...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955696/atraumatic-bilateral-fracture-of-the-femoral-neck-in-young-male-patient-with-suspected-osteomalacia
#10
Byung-Ho Yoon, Min-Soo Kwon
In this report, we describe the case of a healthy 37-year-old male patient without a history of disease, who developed atraumatic bilateral fracture of the femoral neck. Radiological and blood investigations revealed osteopenia and severe vitamin D deficiency (7.42 ng/mL), respectively, but patient had no apparent risk factors for insufficiency fracture. Bilateral osteosynthesis was obtained using cannulated screws and laboratory findings improved after vitamin D supplementation. This case highlights the effect of vitamin D deficiency on demineralization in a young male patient...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955695/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#11
Ho Jin Jung, Ye-Soo Park, Hyoung-Yeon Seo, Jae-Chul Lee, Ki-Chan An, Jin-Hyok Kim, Byung-Joon Shin, Tae Wook Kang, Si Young Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate quality of life (QOL) using the EuroQOL-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) index and to examine factors affecting QOL in patients with an osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). METHODS: This ambispective study used a questionnaire interview. Patients over 50 years old with an OVCF at least 6 months previously were enrolled. Individual results were used to calculate the EQ-5D index. Statistical analysis was performed, and factors related to QOL were examined...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955694/change-of-bone-mineral-density-measurement-among-patients-with-osteoporotic-fractures-in-korean-population-using-national-claim-database
#12
Chan Ho Park, Young-Kyun Lee, Yong-Chan Ha
BACKGROUND: Prior osteoporotic fractures are strongly associated with subsequent fractures. To prevent this, the diagnosis of osteoporosis following an osteoporotic fracture is important. The measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) is the first step in the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis. Therefore, this study aimed 1) to evaluate the rate of BMD measurement after osteoporotic fracture in the Korean population, and 2) to determine whether the rate of BMD measurement after osteoporotic fracture changed between 2005 and 2010...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955693/olecranon-fractures-have-features-of-osteoporotic-fracture
#13
Seong Cheol Park, Hyun Sik Gong, Kahyun Kim, Seung Hoo Lee, Sehun Kim, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: To determine whether olecranon fractures have osteoporotic features such as age-dependent, low bone attenuation and low-energy trauma as a cause of injury. METHODS: Elbow computed tomography (CT) and medical record review were performed in 114 patients (53 males and 61 females) with acute olecranon fractures. The mean age was 57 years. Bone attenuation was measured on the central part of the olecranon on sagittal CT images avoiding the fracture, and on the distal humerus (distal metaphysis and medial and lateral condyles) on coronal CT images...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955692/association-between-hemoglobin-level-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-adults
#14
Yun Hwan Oh, Ji Hyun Moon, Belong Cho
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) increases fracture risk. Anemia is highly prevalent. Some studies suggested that anemia is an independent risk factor for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hemoglobin (Hb) level and BMD in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008 to 2011. Propensity score-matching was performed to establish a dataset for analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955691/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-fetal-growth-and-vitamin-d
#15
REVIEW
Hyun Koo Yoon
Vitamin D is an important secosteroid hormone in skeletal and non-skeletal systems. Vitamin D has relevance to muscle and immune function, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cancer, and pregnancy because vitamin D receptors (VDR) are present in many non-skeletal tissues. Vitamin D acts on target tissues via the binding of its active form to VDR. As vitamin D affects not only bone metabolism but also glucose metabolism, vitamin D deficiency may affect the development of gestational diabetes mellitus and fetal growth...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955690/regulation-of-cartilage-development-and-diseases-by-transcription-factors
#16
REVIEW
Riko Nishimura, Kenji Hata, Yoshifumi Takahata, Tomohiko Murakami, Eriko Nakamura, Hiroko Yagi
Genetic studies and molecular cloning approaches have been successfully used to identify several transcription factors that regulate the numerous stages of cartilage development. Sex-determining region Y (SRY)-box 9 (Sox9) is an essential transcription factor for the initial stage of cartilage development. Sox5 and Sox6 play an important role in the chondrogenic action of Sox9, presumably by defining its cartilage specificity. Several transcription factors have been identified as transcriptional partners for Sox9 during cartilage development...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955689/korean-society-for-bone-and-mineral-research-task-force-report-perspectives-on-intermittent-high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation
#17
REVIEW
Han Seok Choi, Yong-Ki Min, Dong Won Byun, Myung Hoon Hahn, Kyoung Min Kim, Beom Jun Kim, Ki-Won Oh
An adequate supply of vitamin D is considered necessary for osteoporosis management and fracture prevention. Intermittent high-dose vitamin D supplementation is an effective and convenient way to achieve and maintain sufficient vitamin D status. However, the long-term effectiveness of supplementation for preventing falls and fractures is unclear, and some deleterious effects of such treatments have been reported. Concerning these issues, the Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research task force team reviewed previous clinical trials and provided the following perspectives based on current evidence: 1) An adequate supply of vitamin D is necessary for preventing falls and fractures in postmenopausal women and men older than 50 years...
August 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642858/pathological-fracture-of-femoral-neck-leading-to-a-diagnosis-of-wilson-s-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Nishit Bhatnagar, Purushotham Lingaiah, Jeetendra Singh Lodhi, Yugal Karkhur
Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism. It chiefly has hepatic, neurological and ophthalmic manifestations. Although osteoporosis, rickets and early arthritis are common features of WD, they are under-recognized. Musculoskeletal manifestations very rarely lead to diagnosis of the disease. Here we present a case of a 12-year-old girl who presented with a 3-month-old pathological fracture of neck of femur. WD was diagnosed on investigating the cause of the pathological fracture, which was managed by performing a conventional McMurray's intertrochanteric osteotomy...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642857/healthcare-costs-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-korea-information-from-the-national-health-insurance-claims-database-2008-2011
#19
Ha Young Kim, Yong-Chan Ha, Tae-Young Kim, Hyemin Cho, Young-Kyun Lee, Ji-Yeon Baek, Sunmee Jang
BACKGROUND: The present study estimated healthcare costs of osteoporotic fractures including spine, hip, distal radius and humerus in Koreans over 50 years of age using national claims data. METHODS: Korea National Health Insurance data between 2008 and 2011 was searched for all claims records of outpatient visits or hospital admissions of patients ≥50-year-of-age. Osteoporosis-related fractures were identified using certain the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes and site-specific physician claims for procedures in a patient age cut-off value of 50 years...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642856/longitudinal-change-in-trabecular-bone-score-during-and-after-treatment-of-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-korean-women
#20
Mi-Seon Shin, Eun-Hee Cho, Ha Young Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the longitudinal changes of trabecular bone score (TBS) during and after bisphosphonate (BP) treatment in postmenopausal Korean women with osteoporosis. METHODS: We analyzed 191 patients who took BP and underwent bone mineral density (BMD) test for the period from January 2010 to December 2015. The mean follow up period during treatment and after treatment was 22.8 months and 18 months, respectively. The TBS and BMD values were evaluated by the percent changes relative to the baseline...
May 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
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