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Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104975/antiepileptic-drugs-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-a-case-series
#1
Bhavi S Trivedi, Nishita H Darji, Supriya D Malhotra, Pankaj R Patel
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute life-threatening mucocutaneous reaction, characterized by extensive necrosis and detachment of the epidermis from the skin. The overall incidence of SJS is seen in five cases per million people per year. SJS is typically caused by drugs and is a kind of idiosyncratic reaction. Adverse drug reactions such an SJS have a remarkable effect on patient's safety issues. We encountered nine cases of antiepileptic drug (AED)-induced SJS, specifically with carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and phenytoin...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104974/rare-manifestation-of-digoxin-toxicity-right-bundle-branch-block
#2
Dalvir Gill, Samana Zaidi
A 76-year-old female, with medical history significant for systolic congestive heart failure, who presented to the emergency department with lethargy and abdominal pain with diarrhea for the past 3 weeks. Due to hypotension, the patient received multiple boluses of isotonic saline and was started on norepinephrine. Laboratories were significant for severe digoxin toxicity (29 ng/mL), in setting of acute kidney injury. Electrocardiogram (EKG) revealed a new right bundle branch block (RBBB). She was given Digibind and her repeat digoxin level was 20 ng/mL...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104973/unusual-case-of-an-alcoholic-with-liver-injury-from-sulfasalazine-use
#3
Umair Masood, Anuj Sharma, Sonny Nijjar, Barbara Krenzer
A 57-year-old male with a history of alcoholism presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain, jaundice, transaminitis, and hyperbilirubinemia. Due to the history of alcoholism, it was initially presumed that the patient had alcoholic hepatitis but further investigation revealed that he was recently started on sulfasalazine for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Upon cessation of the drug, the patient's liver function tests significantly improved over a few days and eventually normalized within weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104972/utilization-study-of-antihypertensives-in-a-south-indian-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-and-adherence-to-standard-treatment-guidelines
#4
Supratim Datta
AIM: Hypertension represents a major health problem primarily because of its role in contributing to the initiation and progression of major cardiovascular diseases. Concerns pertaining to hypertension and its sequelae can be substantially addressed and consequent burden of disease reduced by early detection and appropriate therapy of elevated blood pressure. This cross-sectional observational study aims at analyzing the utilization pattern of antihypertensives used for the treatment of hypertension at a tertiary care hospital in perspective of standard treatment guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104971/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-nociceptive-activities-of-stem-bark-extracts-and-fractions-of-carpolobia-lutea-polygalaceae
#5
Lucky Legbosi Nwidu, Blessing Airhihen, Augustine Ahmadu
BACKGROUND: In Niger Delta, ethnomedicine hydroalcoholic extract of Carpolobia lutea (CL) (Polygalaceae) is used to relieve inflammatory pains. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of ethanolic stem extract (ESE) and to fractionate the ESE for the elucidation of bioactive molecules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antinociceptive effects for ESE were tested against two noxious stimuli; chemical (acetic acid-induced writhing and formalin-induced pain) and thermal (hot plate) stimuli...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104970/geriatric-prescription-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#6
Nwani Paul Osemeke, Onwukwe Chikezie Hart, Nwosu Maduaburochukwu Cosmas, Isah Ambrose Ohumagho
OBJECTIVES: To assess the medications prescribed for elderly inpatients on specific days during hospital admission with a view to detecting areas of irrational prescription. METHODS: It was a prospective study of all patients aged 65 years and above admitted to the medical wards of a Nigerian tertiary hospital over a 12-month period. The World Health Organization/International Network of Rational Use of Drugs (WHO/INRUD) drug use indicators were used to assess drug prescriptions on various days of admission...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104969/assessment-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-activity-in-a-pediatric-inpatient-department-in-cote-d-ivoire
#7
Danho Pascal Abrogoua, César Pacôme Békégnran, Bi Marius Gro, Elisée Doffou, Madeleine Amorissani Folquet
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy activities in a pediatric inpatient department help to improve the management of patients clinically and economically. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relevance of pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) in a pediatric inpatient department in Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional, descriptive study from February to September 2014. The information collected was classified according to the classification of drug-related problems (DRPs) and PIs of the French Society of Clinical Pharmacy...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104968/effects-of-rosuvastatin-alone-or-in-combination-with-omega-3-fatty-acid-on-adiponectin-levels-and-cardiometabolic-profile
#8
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin is an important adipocyte-related protein that has been postulated to participate in prevention of the development of metabolic syndrome. The relationship between adiponectin serum levels and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) has been widely investigated and remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of rosuvastatin and/or omega-3 fatty acid on adiponectin serum levels in patients with insulin resistance (IR) and CAD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involved 87 patients with CADs and IR of different etiology, the patients were divided into three groups; 24 patients on treatment with rosuvastatin, 22 patients on treatment with omega-3 fatty acid, 23 patients on treatment with omega-3 fatty acid and rosuvastatin, 18 patients were not previously or currently treated with either rosuvastatin or omega-3 fatty acid, those regarded as control patients...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104967/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-consumers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-regarding-the-disposal-of-unused-medicines
#9
Supriya Sonowal, Chetna Desai, Jigar D Kapadia, Mira K Desai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of consumers in India about disposal of unused medicines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire comprising 11 questions evaluating the Knowledge (2), Attitude (3) and Practice (6) of unused medicines was prepared and pre validated before administering to 200 consumers of medicines attending the outpatient department of Civil Hospital Ahmedabad, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India. Requisite permissions from Institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent were obtained prior to recruiting them for the study...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104966/draft-national-health-policy-of-india-and-determining-cost-effectiveness-threshold
#10
EDITORIAL
Prashant Sakharkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999472/carbamazepine-induced-angioedema
#11
Ansha Subramanian, Mangaiarkkarasi Adhimoolam, Senthil Gopalakrishnan, Meher Ali Rajamohammed
Angioedema is a rare adverse reaction of carbamazepine, which causes localized tissue edema in submucosal and subcutaneous tissue mediated by histamine, serotonin, and kinins (bradykinin). We report a case of 34-year-old female who developed angioedema, 24 h after administration of carbamazepine for treating bipolar disorder. Patient's symptoms responded rapidly with antihistamine therapy and with the withdrawal of carbamazepine, the offending drug. Carbamazepine-induced angioedema is a life-threatening reaction which requires immediate treatment and monitoring in order to avoid morbidity and mortality...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999471/use-of-simulated-patient-approach-to-assess-the-community-pharmacists-knowledge-of-appropriate-use-of-metered-dose-inhaler
#12
Sunday O Nduka, Maureen U Anetoh, Kosisochi C Amorha, Okechukwu O Henry, Mathew J Okonta
RATIONALE: The pharmacist charged with the responsibility of drug administration and counseling should have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to demonstrate the use of metered dose inhalers (MDIs) to asthma patients for the maximization of treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the community pharmacists' knowledge of the appropriate use of MDIs in Anambra State, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was carried out in two major cities in Anambra State, Nigeria, using 41 registered community pharmacists...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999470/prevalence-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-and-prescription-cost-analysis-among-older-cardiac-patients-in-an-outpatient-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#13
Kartik Nitinbhai Shah, Harsh Manishbhai Joshi, Rohan Piyushkumar Christian, Kamlesh Prahaladbhai Patel, Supriya Dipak Malhotra
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in the elderly at cardiology outpatient department (OPD) of a tertiary care teaching hospital using Beers criteria and to find the direct cost burden of PIMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was an observational cross-sectional study. Prescriptions of the patients' aged ≥65 years were collected from the cardiology OPD and were analyzed. PIMs were identified with the help of Beers 2012 criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999469/evaluation-of-self-reported-medication-adherence-and-its-associated-factors-among-epilepsy-patients-in-hospital-kuala-lumpur
#14
Nagashekhara Molugulu, Kumar Shiva Gubbiyappa, C R Vasudeva Murthy, Lim Lumae, Anil Tumkur Mruthyunjaya
INTRODUCTION: Reports on medication adherence and its associated factors in patients with epilepsy in South East Asian countries are lacking. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the degree of medication adherence and its relationship with patient's satisfaction, psychosocial factors, quality of life and mental health in a sample of Malaysian epilepsy patients. METHODOLOGY: It is a cross-sectional study and was carried out in the outpatient Neurology Department of Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (n=272)...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999468/evaluation-of-anxiolytic-effects-of-aripiprazole-and-hydroxyzine-as-a-combination-in-mice
#15
Nikita Shekhar Sawantdesai, Pravin Popatrao Kale, Jay Savai
CONTEXT: Anxiety disorders are chronic, common, and often comorbid. There is an unmet need in its treatment. Aripiprazole and hydroxyzine are well-known therapeutic options used as monotherapy in clinics. They have different mechanisms and site of actions. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the anxiolytic effect of aripiprazole and hydroxyzine in combination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Swiss albino mice (male) received treatment of 5% of Tween 80 in 0...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330262/antibacterial-synergy-of-curcumin-with-antibiotics-against-biofilm-producing-clinical-bacterial-isolates
#16
Arunava Kali, Devaraj Bhuvaneshwar, Pravin M V Charles, Kunigal Srinivasaiah Seetha
INTRODUCTION: The role of natural bioactive substances in treating infections has been rediscovered as bacterial resistance become common to most of the antibiotics. Curcumin is a bioactive substance from turmeric. Owing to antimicrobial properties, its prospect as an antibacterial agent is currently under focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have evaluated the in vitro synergy of curcumin with antibiotics against sixty biofilm producing bacterial isolates. Congo red agar method was used to identify the biofilm producing isolates...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330261/knowledge-of-healthcare-professionals-about-medication-errors-in-hospitals
#17
Mohamed M M Abdel-Latif
CONTEXT: Medication errors are the most common types of medical errors in hospitals and leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge of healthcare professionals about medication errors in hospitals. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected healthcare professionals in eight hospitals in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An 18-item survey was designed and comprised questions on demographic data, knowledge of medication errors, availability of reporting systems in hospitals, attitudes toward error reporting, causes of medication errors...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330260/monitoring-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-psychiatry-outpatient-department-of-a-secondary-care-hospital-of-ras-al-khaimah-uae
#18
Sathvik Belagodu Sridhar, Sura Saad Faris Al-Thamer, Riadh Jabbar
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, resulting in increased healthcare cost. Association of psychotropic medications with ADRs is common. Pharmacovigilance can play a vital role in alerting the healthcare providers from the possible ADRs and thus protecting the patients receiving psychotropic medications. AIM: To monitor and report the incidence and nature of ADRs in psychiatry outpatient department (OPD)...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330259/antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-properties-of-indian-sunderban-mangrove-bruguiera-gymnorrhiza-l-leave
#19
Tapas Kumar Sur, Avijit Hazra, Alok Kumar Hazra, Dipankar Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza L. (family Rhizophoraceae) is a true mangrove habitat in Indian Sunderban and traditionally uses for liver disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate antioxidant and hepatoprotective actions of leave extract of B. gymnorrhiza L. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hydro-methanolic extract of mangrove leaves (BR) was standardized using spectrophotometric and high-performance thin layer chromatography methods. Radical scavenging activities were assessed in different in vitro methods, like 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethyl benzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (+), superoxides, nitric oxides and hydroxyl radicals...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330258/prevalence-and-assessment-of-biochemical-parameters-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-children-in-bangladesh
#20
Chowdhury Mohammad Monirul Hasan, Mohammad Monirul Islam, Muhammad Mamunur Rashid Mahib, Mahmud Ahmed Chowdhury Arju
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate some new biochemical parameters that help ensuring the early and precise diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in blood plasma. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A prospective study conducted with patients scheduled for some new biochemical parameters that help ensuring the early and precise diagnosis of ADHD in blood plasma in a Child Development Center of the Chittagong, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at two levels...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
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