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Current Health Sciences Journal

S Banicioiu-Covei, F A Vreju, P Ciurea
PURPOSE: The goal of this study is to identify the predictive factors involved in the evolution of the reactive arthritis to ankylosing spondylitis by following the presence and degree of sacroiliitis and also the appeareance of acute anterior uveitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed between 01.01.2011- 31.12.2014 on 112 patients, aged between 17 and 47 years old, in evidence of the Rheumatology Clinic of the Clinical Hospital Emergency Craiova. The patients were divided in 2 lots according to the radiological criteria: the first lot included 52 patients diagnosed with reactive arthritis, with the determination of the pathogen agent involved and the demonstration of sacroiliitis first degree by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (IRM)...
April 2015: Current Health Sciences Journal
R Mercuţ, Claudia Georgescu, Sanda Mihaela Popescu, M Ciurea, Monica Scrieciu, C C Georgescu
Face basosquamous or metatypical carcinoma is a rare and controversial form of skin cancer. It is characterized by increased incidence of recurrence and distant metastases. We present the case of a patient of 71 years with an ulcerative lesion of 3/4 cm in the nasal pyramid. The injury occurred due to trauma to the nasal pyramid, produced 13 years ago. After investigation, which included ORL examination, imaging and oncology exam, surgery was decided to completely ablate tumor formation. The resulted defect of 4/5 cm was covered by mobilizing a forehead flap based on right supratrohleare artery pedicle...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Iulia Tudorascu, Simona Neamtu, Liliana Stanca, Mirela Siminel, Lorena Dijmarescu, Magdalena Manolea, Liliana Novac, Elis Pirgaru, Suzana Danoiu
Haemoglobinopathies are hereditary conditions in which the fundamental lesion affects the synthesis rate or the structure of the globin in normal hemoglobin. The synthesis of the polypeptide chains in globin is genetically coded. Clinically, haemoglobinopathies manifest most commonly in the form of hemolytic anemia and, more rarely, cyanosis and polyglobulia. They differ from "acquired haemoglobinopathies", such as methemoglobinemia, in which hemoglobin is usually compromised due to the action of toxic substances...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
D Bondari, Simona Bondari, Ioana Gheonea, Andreea Andronache
UNLABELLED: Indicators of quality management are represented by: accounting hospitalization days (duration of stay); mortality rate; the rate of nosocomial infections; patients readmitted in 30 days; the percentage patients transferred; inconsistent diagnoses. The hospitalization period is a marker of evolution. The present study reflects comparative data between duration and the number of hospitalisations in patients with major psychiatric disorders. INTRODUCTION: Medical Psychiatry as a discipline has developed a specialized approach in the treatment of mental diseases, a phenomenon linked to the progress of knowledge ofpsychopathology and the increasing complexity of methods of diagnosis and treatment...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
B S Velescu, Valentina Uivarosi, Anca Buzescu, I Sarbu, Ecaterina Ionescu, Valentina Anuta
The present study was designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of di-μ-hydroxo-bis(quercetinatooxovanadium(IV) (HOBQOV) complex, with hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties, in rats after a single i.p. dose of 100 mg/kg b.w. The HOBQOV complex pharmacokinetics is described by a bicompartmental model and the plasma concentration decrease is described by two phases that might be correlated to the distribution and elimination processes. The obtained results suggest a PK profile of the complex suitable for a profound distribution in the animal organism with possibility of interaction with the cytosolic enzymes...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
M Novac, Alice Dragoescu, Andreea Stanculescu, Lucica Duca, Daniela Cernea
PURPOSE: Statistical evaluation of the prognosis of burned patients based on the analysis of prognostic scores as quickly and easily obtainable that track the evolution of burned patient in ICU. Material / Methods: The prospective study included 92 patients were performed with severe burns on 35-67% body surface large area, aiming to establish a cut-off score for each studied and statistically significant prognostic parameter for assessing the risk of mortality. The control group was represented by 20 patients with burns on the body surface of <10%...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
V Pădureanu, Ioana StreaȚă, M Ioana, V Șurlin, E F Georgescu, Cristina Mărginean, A Săftoiu
PURPOSE: To determine whether single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is involved in susceptibility for acute pancreatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples collected from cases of acute pancreatitis (n=110) and normal population controls frequency matched for age and sex (n=232). iNOS - 2087A>G polymorphism was genotyped using TaqMan allelic discrimination assays. The association of the genetic polymorphism with clinical and pathological data of the patients was evaluated...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Daniela Cernea, M Novac, P O Drăgoescu, Andreea Stănculescu, Lucica Duca, A A Al-Enezy, Nicoleta Alice Drăgoescu
The initial assessment and management of seriously injured patients is a challenging task and requires a rapid and systematic approach. Injuries causing this mortality occur in predictable patterns and recognition of these patterns led to the development of advanced trauma life support (ATLS) by the American College of Surgeons, and standardized protocol for trauma patient evaluation has been developed. Different systems of trauma scoring have been developed. This study was conducted out of the need for unified scale to assess polytrauma patients from the moment patient are admitted in, till when discharged from Intensive Care Unit (ICU), so we compared the accuracy of few scoring systems in predicting mortality rate in polytrauma patients, and then assessed the cost-effectiveness applying these methods, and how much are these applicable...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
J U Almazan
Diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of death in children under five years old, most people who die from this disease actually die from severe dehydration and fluid loss. Moreover, 88% of its global diarrheal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation, and hygiene. This investigation was developed to determine the effect of Participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) program in an isolated community of Mabini,Samar Province, Philippines. Longitudinal research design was used in order to determine the effect of the program one year was implemented in the community...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Anca Emanuela MuȘetescu, Paulina Ciurea, Anca RoȘu
Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease is extremely versatile. We present the case of a 52 years old patient referred for inflammatory pain of the left knee and ankle of recent onset with intense inflammatory syndrome that mimics rheumatoid arthritis. Musculoskeletal ultrasound was able to detect effusion, hyperechoic crystals within the cartilage and fibrocartilage, inside tendons, suggestive for CPPD disease and to guide fluid aspiration as well as in sustaining a rapid diagnosis corroborating images suggestive for CPPD disease to biological data - hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism in finding the predisposing condition, the parathyroid adenoma...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Diana Kamal, Rodica Trăistaru, C K Kamal, D O Alexandru, L Mogoantă, D C Grecu
Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head is a disease whose etiology is not completely elucidated and generally affects young adults aged between 30 and 50 years. In a significant number of patients bilateral disease occurs, which makes detection in its early stages constitute an important objective. We present the case of a male patient, aged 23 years, with the following risk factors: smoking and chronic alcohol consumption, who is diagnosed with aseptic necrosis of the left femoral head, ARCO stage IV, and in just six months after the diagnosis and hip arthroplasty, he suffers an injury which leads to the same diagnosis in the contralateral hip...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
A Lupu, C Tieranu, C L Constantinescu, M Diculescu
BACKGROUND: In patients with autoimmune diseases like inflammatory bowel diseases there has been reported a drug-induced lupus like syndrome secondary to TNFα inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: clinical case presentation and literature review of patients who develop lupus-like syndrome in relation to TNFα antagonists and their future therapeutic options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we report the case of a 27-year old woman with colonic Crohn's disease on combo-therapy (infliximab+azathioprine) for nearly two years who developed peripheral arthritis and malar rash in the context of TAILS...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Mimi Niţu, Emilia CriȘan, M Olteanu, Cristina Călăraşu, Mădălina Olteanu, M R Popescu
INTRODUCTION: Mutiple mieloma (MM) cells are rarely found in extramedullary sites. The sites of extramedullary dissemination reported in the literature are spleen, liver, lymph nodes, kidneys, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, ovary, tests, lung, pleura, pericardium, intestinal tract and skin. We report a case in which the myeloma was diagnosed after we discovered the presence of monoclonal plasma cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL). Matherial and method: a case in which diagnosis was established from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid demonstrating the presence of monoclonal plasma cells in Craiova Pneumology Departament...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Sanda Mihaela Popescu, Ionela Teodora Dascălu, Monica Scrieciu, Veronica Mercuţ, Iren Moraru, Mihaela Jana Ţuculină
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a condition that causes a decrease in population addressability to the dentist with adverse consequences for long-term oral health. Assessment of behavioral factors that correlate with dental anxiety is important for accurate evaluation of dental fear. Its diagnosis in childhood is important for establishing therapeutic management strategies to reduce anxiety and promote oral health. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in a group of Romanian schoolchildren, and assess its correlation with behavioral factors...
October 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Ilir Ahmetgjekaj, Serbeze Kabashi-Muçaj, Luana Corina Lascu, Simona Bondari, A Bondari
Intracranial brain parenchymal tuberculomas may form paradoxically, days to months after starting antituberculous drug therapy. They may develop in and around optic chiasm and optic nerves after antituberculous treatment as a quite rare occurrence in tuberculous meningitis (TBM) this may lead to severe visual loss if not treated properly. We describe a 5 year-old child with documented TBM being treated with first line antituberculous drugs which developed visual impairment 3 months after starting the treatment...
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
A Ştefănescu, T Sas, C Bătăiosu
Clinical study on a group of 48 patients over 3 months: 27 patients were recruited from ophtalmology and 21 recruited from cardiology, 25 % of these patients coming for routine check. Patients were investigated by ophthalmic, cardiologic examination, imaging and laboratory tests. The study demonstrated the need for interdisciplinary consultation for patients with vascular complaints in carotid territory and a close correlation between the vascular pathology and ophthalmology at this level.
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Dana Albulescu, C Constantin, Constantin Constantin
Uterine artery embolization as a therapeutic method in fibromyoma requires a good knowledge of the origin of the uterine artery to the success of this procedure involving selective catheterization. This study presents a classification of anatomical variants of uterine artery as a retrospective review of consecutive arteriogram, complete with various aspects of the origin of the uterine artery in cadaver dissection, in the Department of Anatomy.
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Florentina Nechita, C T Streba, C C Vere, D Nechita, I Rogoveanu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the stress of the students from the nursing department within the Medical Midwife and Nurse School from our University. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For this purpose a questionnaire, comprising the factors the students consider important for their academic preparation during the first year, was elaborated and applied to 100 students. RESULTS: The result analysis revealed no significant differences as far as the genders of the subjects were concerned...
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Adriana Hurezeanu, Ileana Prejbeanu, Marcelina Mihai
Social and family factors significantly influence somatic and psychical development of children and young people, differentiated by social gradient. Their behavior externalizes their capacities to adapt to family and social environment. It is the result of positive or negative influences of actions of factors in these environments. In adolescence, the social motivation of these behaviors is determined by their social relations (family, school, friends, entourage). By our conducted study we aimed to identify such behaviors, which, under various influences may gain risk or impact on health condition...
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Anne-Marie Rauten, Camelia Maglaviceanu, M R Popescu, Ioana Martu, Dora Popescu, Petra Surlin, M Suciu, Maria Bogdan
Purpose. Craniofacial morphology is usualy described by the head (cephalic index) and face form (prosopic index). The aim of this study was to establish the existence of correlations between the cranial and facial types and the dento-maxillary anomalies. Material and Methods. Data were collected from two groups of patients (a control group of 42 patients without dental anomalies and a test group of 76 patients with dento-maxillary anomalies) of both sexes and age range 11-16 years. Results. Both in the control and test groups, 50% of patients were classified in mesocephalic type and mesoprosopic type...
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
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