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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053918/pulmonary-localization-of-mansonella-perstans-in-a-16-months-old-male-patient-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bukavu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#1
Landry Kabego, Joe Bwija Kasengi, Patrick Mirindi, Vurayai Ruhanya, David Lupande, André Bulabula, Patrick Ngoma
INTRODUCTION: Mansonella perstans is a human filarial parasite transmitted by biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) belonging to the genus Culicoides and it is widely spread in sub-Saharan Africa. While most cases are asymptomatic, mansonelliasis can be associated with angioedema, arthralgia, swellings, pain in the scrotum or in serous cavities such as the pleura, the peritoneum, the pericardium, etc. Mansonelliasis can be really hard to treat, but it has been shown that an intensive treatment using albendazole can clear the parasite...
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053917/mortality-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-hiv-1-co-infected-nigerian-children-being-treated-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Augustine O Ebonyi, Stephen Oguche, Oche O Agbaji, Atiene S Sagay, Prosper I Okonkwo, John A Idoko, Phyllis J Kanki
BACKGROUND: Mortality data, including the risk factors for mortality in HIV-infected children with pulmonary TB (PTB) being treated for PTB and who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART), are scarce in Nigeria. We determined the mortality rate and risk factors for mortality among such children, at the pediatric HIV clinic of the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) in Jos, Nigeria. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on 260 PTB-HIV-1 co-infected children, aged 2 months to 13 years, being treated for PTB and on ART from July 2005 to March 2013...
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053916/urinary-tract-infections-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-of-causative-organisms-and-antimicrobial-pattern-of-samples-received-for-culture-from-a-tertiary-care-setting
#3
Bhuvanesh Sukhlal Kalal, Savitha Nagaraj
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common infections encountered by physicians either on an outpatient or inpatient basis. These infections have taken center stage due to increasing resistance being reported for commonly used antibiotics. Understanding the distribution and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of uropathogens would facilitate appropriate therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the culture isolates obtained from urine samples received at the Department of Microbiology, St...
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053915/frequency-of-mutations-in-rifampicin-and-isoniazid-resistant-isolates-of-m-tuberculosis-an-analysis-from-central-india
#4
Prabha Desikan, Atul Kharate, Nikita Panwalkar, Jyoti Khurana, Shaina Beg Mirza, Aparna Chaturvedi, Reeta Varathe, Manju Chourey, Pradeep Kumar, Nitin Doshi, Manoj Pandey
BACKGROUND: The spread of drug-resistant tuberculosis has challenged tuberculosis control strategies globally. The present study aims to analyze the frequency of mutations in rpoB, katG and inhA genes in strains of M. tuberculosis complex (MTBC) circulating in Central India. It is anticipated that the findings may provide a starting point to understand the evolutionary success of drug-resistant strains of MTBC in this region. METHODS: Line probe assay was carried out on 720 consecutive sputum samples of MDR suspects from June 2012 to May 2013...
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053914/resistance-to-direct-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-impact-on-clinical-practice
#5
EDITORIAL
Ana Belén Pérez, Federico García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622163/spondylodiscitis-and-bacteremia-due-to-staphylococcus-hyicus-in-an-immunocompetent-man
#6
Maud Foissac, Maria Lekaditi, Bouchra Loutfi, Agnès Ehrhart, Frédéric-Antoine Dauchy
INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus hyicus is a coagulase-variable Staphylococcus spp. well-known by veterinarians since it is the major agent of a severe cutaneous infection in piglets called exudative epidermitis. In other species the symptoms of infection are quite different. Human cases are uncommon but seem to occur more frequently after repeated contacts with farm animals. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 58-year-old man suffering from debilitating subacute lumbar pain, in whom diagnosis of infectious spondylodiscitis was based on spine MRI and positive microbiological results...
September 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622162/rotavirus-gastroenteritis-in-children-less-than-five-years-of-age-in-primary-care-settings-in-bulgaria-an-observational-study
#7
Mayda Tiholova, Kusuma Gopala, Magda Berberova, Margarita Strokova-Stoilova, Monica Tafalla
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) causes a high proportion of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) cases, especially among children under the age of five years old. This surveillance study was undertaken to study the incidence and severity of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in primary care settings in Bulgaria over a one-year period. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study of AGE cases in children under five years of age presenting in the primary care setting over a one year period, stool samples were collected and tested for RV using a rapid visual immunochromatographic test kit...
September 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622161/prevalence-virulence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-aeromonas-spp-isolated-from-children-with-diarrhea
#8
Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Morteza Kavan Talkhabi, Leyla Aghaiyan, Zohre Salehipour
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas spp. cause various intestinal and extraintestinal diseases. These bacteria are usually isolated from fecal samples, especially in children under five years old. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Aeromonas spp. and their antimicrobial resistance profile in children with diarrhea referred to the Children Medical Center in Tehran, between 2013 and 2014. METHODS: A total number of 391 stool samples were collected from children with ages between 1 day and 14 years old, with diarrhea (acute or chronic), referred to the Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between 2013 and 2014...
September 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622160/syphilis-on-the-rise-a-prolonged-syphilis-outbreak-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-northern-greece
#9
Olga Tsachouridou, Lemonia Skoura, Eirini Christaki, Panagiotis Kollaras, Eleni Sidiropoulou, Pantelis Zebekakis, Efstratios Vakirlis, Apostolia Margariti, Symeon Metallidis
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health issue in Europe. Numerous outbreaks of syphilis have been described recently and an increased prevalence of high-risk sexual practices has raised concern about the transmission of HIV and other STDs. Similarly, an increase in sexually transmitted infections has been recorded in Northern Greece. METHODS: This report describes a recent outbreak of syphilis in people living with HIV. The demographic, clinical, and serologic data of HIV patients diagnosed with syphilis were recorded and analyzed...
September 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622159/the-transition-from-co-morbidities-to-geriatric-syndromes-in-hiv
#10
EDITORIAL
Giovanni Guaraldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482516/nearing-elimination-of-meningitis-a-from-the-african-meningitis-belt-using-meningococcal-a-conjugate-vaccine
#11
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482515/diagnostic-value-of-sputum-adenosine-deaminase-ada-level-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#12
Fariba Binesh, Hadi Jalali, Mohammad Reza Zare, Farhad Behravan, Arefeh Dehghani Tafti, Fatemah Behnaz, Mohammad Tabatabaee, Seyed Hossein Shahcheraghi
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is still a considerable health problem in many countries. Rapid diagnosis of this disease is important, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) has been used as a diagnostic test. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of ADA in the sputum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: The current study included 40 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (culture positive, smear ±) and 42 patients with non tuberculosis pulmonary diseases (culture negative)...
June 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482514/low-bone-mineral-density-and-associated-risk-factors-in-hiv-infected-patients
#13
Cristina-Emilia Chiţu-Tișu, Ecaterina-Constanţa Barbu, Mihai Lazăr, Daniela Adriana Ion, Ioana Anca Bădărău
BACKGROUND: Aging of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) resulted in high rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis. Multiple cohort studies have reported an increased prevalence of bone demineralization among HIV-infected individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and risk factors for osteopenia/osteoporosis among HIV-positive patients attending the National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Prof.Dr. Matei Balș", Bucharest, Romania. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study that enrolled 60 patients with HIV...
June 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482513/managing-sticky-situations-anti-biofilm-agents
#14
Oana Săndulescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019830/antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-aerobic-bacterial-strains-isolated-from-patients-with-burn-wound-infections
#15
Hamid Vaez, Fahimeh Beigi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019829/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-1-infected-nigerian-children
#16
Augustine O Ebonyi, Stephen Oguche, Emeka U Ejeliogu, Oche O Agbaji, Nathan Y Shehu, Isaac O Abah, Atiene S Sagay, Placid O Ugoagwu, Prosper I Okonkwo, John A Idoko, Phyllis J Kanki
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce and in Nigeria there is paucity of reported data. We determined the prevalence of and risk factors for pulmonary TB (PTB) in newly diagnosed (treatment-naïve) HIV-1 infected children at the pediatric HIV clinic of the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) in Nigeria. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 876 children, aged 2 months - 13 years, diagnosed with HIV-1 infection between July 2005 and December 2012, of which 286 were diagnosed with PTB at presentation after TB screening...
March 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019828/il-17-and-il-22-genetic-polymorphisms-in-hbv-vaccine-non-and-low-responders-among-healthcare-workers
#17
Zohreh Borzooy, Adrian Streinu-Cercel, Abbass Mirshafiey, Azam Khamseh, Masoud Karkhaneh Mahmoudie, Shadi Sadat Navabi, Marjan Nosrati, Zahra Najafi, Mostafa Hosseini, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers constitute a population at high risk for HBV infection. Efficient vaccination options are available; however, the individual response to HBV vaccination may vary widely between subjects, potentially due to cytokine profiles and genetic variations. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between IL-17 and IL-22 gene polymorphisms versus non- and low-responsiveness to HBV vaccination in healthcare workers. METHODS: We selected the following IL-17 and IL-22 polymorphisms: rs4711998 (A/G) from IL-17 and rs2227501 (A/T), rs2227503 (A/G), rs1026786 (A/G) from IL-22 sequences genes...
March 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019827/broad-range-pcr-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry-for-the-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-drug-resistance
#18
Dragoş Florea, Dan Oţelea, Ioana D Olaru, Adriana Hristea
BACKGROUND: The need to limit the spread of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis requires rapid detection of resistant strains. The present study aimed to evaluate a commercial assay using broad-range PCR coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) for the rapid detection of isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF) resistance in M. tuberculosis strains isolated from Romanian patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: PCR/ESI-MS was used to detect genotypic resistance to RIF and INH in a panel of 63 M...
March 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019278/detection-of-drug-resistance-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#19
Lee W Riley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27018338/the-salzburg-cornell-infectious-diseases-seminars-the-first-fourteen-years-1996-2010
#20
Richard B Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Germs
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