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Maud Foissac, Maria Lekaditi, Bouchra Loutfi, Agnès Ehrhart, Frédéric-Antoine Dauchy
INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus hyicus is a coagulase-variable Staphylococcus spp. well-known by veterinarians since it is the major agent of a severe cutaneous infection in piglets called exudative epidermitis. In other species the symptoms of infection are quite different. Human cases are uncommon but seem to occur more frequently after repeated contacts with farm animals. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 58-year-old man suffering from debilitating subacute lumbar pain, in whom diagnosis of infectious spondylodiscitis was based on spine MRI and positive microbiological results...
September 2016: Germs
Mayda Tiholova, Kusuma Gopala, Magda Berberova, Margarita Strokova-Stoilova, Monica Tafalla
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) causes a high proportion of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) cases, especially among children under the age of five years old. This surveillance study was undertaken to study the incidence and severity of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in primary care settings in Bulgaria over a one-year period. METHODS: In this prospective, observational study of AGE cases in children under five years of age presenting in the primary care setting over a one year period, stool samples were collected and tested for RV using a rapid visual immunochromatographic test kit...
September 2016: Germs
Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Morteza Kavan Talkhabi, Leyla Aghaiyan, Zohre Salehipour
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas spp. cause various intestinal and extraintestinal diseases. These bacteria are usually isolated from fecal samples, especially in children under five years old. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Aeromonas spp. and their antimicrobial resistance profile in children with diarrhea referred to the Children Medical Center in Tehran, between 2013 and 2014. METHODS: A total number of 391 stool samples were collected from children with ages between 1 day and 14 years old, with diarrhea (acute or chronic), referred to the Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between 2013 and 2014...
September 2016: Germs
Olga Tsachouridou, Lemonia Skoura, Eirini Christaki, Panagiotis Kollaras, Eleni Sidiropoulou, Pantelis Zebekakis, Efstratios Vakirlis, Apostolia Margariti, Symeon Metallidis
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health issue in Europe. Numerous outbreaks of syphilis have been described recently and an increased prevalence of high-risk sexual practices has raised concern about the transmission of HIV and other STDs. Similarly, an increase in sexually transmitted infections has been recorded in Northern Greece. METHODS: This report describes a recent outbreak of syphilis in people living with HIV. The demographic, clinical, and serologic data of HIV patients diagnosed with syphilis were recorded and analyzed...
September 2016: Germs
Giovanni Guaraldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Germs
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Germs
Fariba Binesh, Hadi Jalali, Mohammad Reza Zare, Farhad Behravan, Arefeh Dehghani Tafti, Fatemah Behnaz, Mohammad Tabatabaee, Seyed Hossein Shahcheraghi
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is still a considerable health problem in many countries. Rapid diagnosis of this disease is important, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) has been used as a diagnostic test. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of ADA in the sputum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: The current study included 40 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (culture positive, smear ±) and 42 patients with non tuberculosis pulmonary diseases (culture negative)...
June 2016: Germs
Cristina-Emilia Chiţu-Tișu, Ecaterina-Constanţa Barbu, Mihai Lazăr, Daniela Adriana Ion, Ioana Anca Bădărău
BACKGROUND: Aging of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) resulted in high rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis. Multiple cohort studies have reported an increased prevalence of bone demineralization among HIV-infected individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and risk factors for osteopenia/osteoporosis among HIV-positive patients attending the National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Prof.Dr. Matei Balș", Bucharest, Romania. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study that enrolled 60 patients with HIV...
June 2016: Germs
Oana Săndulescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Germs
Hamid Vaez, Fahimeh Beigi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Germs
Augustine O Ebonyi, Stephen Oguche, Emeka U Ejeliogu, Oche O Agbaji, Nathan Y Shehu, Isaac O Abah, Atiene S Sagay, Placid O Ugoagwu, Prosper I Okonkwo, John A Idoko, Phyllis J Kanki
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce and in Nigeria there is paucity of reported data. We determined the prevalence of and risk factors for pulmonary TB (PTB) in newly diagnosed (treatment-naïve) HIV-1 infected children at the pediatric HIV clinic of the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) in Nigeria. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 876 children, aged 2 months - 13 years, diagnosed with HIV-1 infection between July 2005 and December 2012, of which 286 were diagnosed with PTB at presentation after TB screening...
March 2016: Germs
Zohreh Borzooy, Adrian Streinu-Cercel, Abbass Mirshafiey, Azam Khamseh, Masoud Karkhaneh Mahmoudie, Shadi Sadat Navabi, Marjan Nosrati, Zahra Najafi, Mostafa Hosseini, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers constitute a population at high risk for HBV infection. Efficient vaccination options are available; however, the individual response to HBV vaccination may vary widely between subjects, potentially due to cytokine profiles and genetic variations. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between IL-17 and IL-22 gene polymorphisms versus non- and low-responsiveness to HBV vaccination in healthcare workers. METHODS: We selected the following IL-17 and IL-22 polymorphisms: rs4711998 (A/G) from IL-17 and rs2227501 (A/T), rs2227503 (A/G), rs1026786 (A/G) from IL-22 sequences genes...
March 2016: Germs
Dragoş Florea, Dan Oţelea, Ioana D Olaru, Adriana Hristea
BACKGROUND: The need to limit the spread of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis requires rapid detection of resistant strains. The present study aimed to evaluate a commercial assay using broad-range PCR coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) for the rapid detection of isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF) resistance in M. tuberculosis strains isolated from Romanian patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: PCR/ESI-MS was used to detect genotypic resistance to RIF and INH in a panel of 63 M...
March 2016: Germs
Lee W Riley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Germs
Richard B Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Germs
Zohreh Borzooy, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri, Abbass Mirshafiey, Azam Khamseh, Masoud Karkhaneh Mahmoudie, Pedram Azimzadeh, Babak Geravand, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Mina Afshar, Vahdat Poortahmasebi, Mostafa Hosseini, Adrian Streinu-Cercel
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, healthcare workers (HCWs) show different levels of response to hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine. One of the factors associated with vaccine unresponsiveness may be the existence of current or past HBV infection. Regardless of the presence of HBsAg (overt infection), occult HBV infection (OBI, defined as presence of HBV DNA in the absence of HBsAg) might also account for some non- or hypo-response cases. METHODS: Sera from 120 HBsAg-negative HCWs with low and moderate levels of anti-HBs, <10 IU/mL (group I) and <100 IU/mL (group II) respectively, were selected and were examined for OBI by sensitive real-time PCR regardless of HBV serological profiles...
December 2015: Germs
Martina O Chukwu, Rooyen Tinago Mavenyengwa, Charles M Monyama, John Y Bolukaoto, Sogolo L Lebelo, Motlatji Rb Maloba, Maphoshane Nchabeleng, Sylvester Rogers Moyo
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is globally recognised as one of the leading causes of neonatal sepsis and meningitis. It also causes adverse pregnancy outcomes such as stillbirth and miscarriages. Incidence of invasive disease is increasing in non-pregnant adults with underlying medical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus). Epidemiological studies of GBS infections are based on capsular serotyping. Genotyping of the surface anchored protein genes is also becoming an important tool for GBS studies...
December 2015: Germs
Ana Maria Tudor, Mariana Mărdărescu, Cristina Petre, Ruxandra Neagu Drăghicenoiu, Rodica Ungurianu, Cătălin Tilişcan, Dan Oţelea, Simona Claudia Cambrea, Doina Eugenia Tănase, Ana Maria Schweitzer, Simona Ruţă
BACKGROUND: The Romanian HIV epidemic is characterized by a high prevalence among children born in the late '80s, perinatally infected. The impact of long-term treatment on their offspring is unknown. We evaluated the influence of prenatal care on the rate of premature birth among the HIV-exposed children of heavily treated HIV-infected mothers in two Romanian centers. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data on all patients born by HIV-infected mothers between 2006 and 2012 followed up in two main regional centers...
December 2015: Germs
Mona Munteanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Germs
Manuela Arbune, Roxana Ciobotaru, Doina Carina Voinescu
INTRODUCTION: The risk of secondary endovascular infections after bacteremia with Salmonella spp. is augmented by preexisting atherosclerotic arterial lesions. Over the age of 50, the incidence varies between 25 and 35%. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old male, smoker, alcohol user, in poor social condition, was hospitalized for fever, malaise, left leg persistent thrombophlebitis, coxofemoral and back pain. His medical history was significant for recent sepsis with Salmonella group C, and a recent diagnosis of hepatitis C...
September 2015: Germs
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