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Addiction & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657699/review-on-the-implementation-of-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-about-tobacco-control-based-on-mpower-in-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-by-the-world-health-organization
#1
REVIEW
Mahmood Alimohammadi, Hossein Jafari-Mansoorian, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Victoria Momenabadi, Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi, Kamaladdin Karimyan
Background: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death in the world, killing nearly 6 million people annually. This article is an investigation of measures implemented laws in the Iran to study the proposed strategy of control and reduce tobacco use based on the monitor, protect, offer, warn, enforce and raise (MPOWER) policy. Methods: All laws approved by the Parliament along with the instructions on tobacco control prepared by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade were collected and studied...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657698/the-effectiveness-of-the-harm-reduction-group-therapy-based-on-bandura-s-self-efficacy-theory-on-risky-behaviors-of-drug-dependent-sex-worker-women
#2
Marjan Rabani-Bavojdan, Mozhgan Rabani-Bavojdan, Ghodratollah Rajabizadeh, Nahid Kaviani, Ali Bahramnejad, Zohreh Ghaffari, Mehdi Shafiei-Bafti
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the harm reduction group therapy based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory on risky behaviors of sex workers in Kerman, Iran. Methods: A quasi-experimental two-group design (a random selection with pre-test and post-test) was used. A risky behaviors questionnaire was used to collect. The sample was selected among sex workers referring to drop-in centers in Kerman. Subjects were allocated to two groups and were randomly classified into two experimental and control groups...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657697/characterizing-mortality-from-substance-abuse-in-iran-an-epidemiological-study-during-march-2014-to-february-2015
#3
Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Abdolrazagh Barzegar
Background: Drug abuse is a severe and chronic disorder that leaves morbidity, disability and premature mortality in the society. The study of death due to substance abuse provides useful information for local, national and international administrators. Thus, by identifying the factors that have an impact on overdose-related mortality we can provide suitable intervention for vulnerable groups. The aim of this study was an investigation of mortality rate caused by consumption of narcotic and psychoactive substances in Iran...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657696/comparing-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-with-treatment-as-usual-on-impulsivity-and-relapse-for-methadone-treated-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Mehdi Yaghubi, Fatemeh Zargar, Hossein Akbari
Background: Impulsivity is one of the causes of relapse that can affect treatment outcomes. Studies have shown that addiction treatments can reduce impulsivity in drug-dependent individuals. Studies also have suggested that mindfulness is associated with impulsivity. However, no study has investigated the effectiveness of the mindfulness-based intervention on impulsivity in opioid-dependent individuals. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) with treatment as usual (TAU) in terms of impulsivity and relapse for methadone-treated patients...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657695/effectiveness-of-transactional-analysis-group-therapy-on-addiction-intensity-of-woman-patients-treated-with-methadone
#5
Niloofar Etemadi-Chardah, Bahman Matinpour, Rasoul Heshmati
Background: Addiction brings about severe and profound physical, psychological and social damages such as divorce, crime, and unemployment. The present study was to investigate the effectiveness of transactional analysis (TA) therapy on addiction intensity of woman patients treated with methadone. Methods: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all the addicted women who referred to any drug rehabilitation center of Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657694/pattern-of-alcohol-consumption-among-men-consumers-in-kerman-iran
#6
Saeed Samadi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Background: Alcohol consumption is a potential risk factor with acute and chronic health consequences and social impacts, which is more prominent among men. There is no precise statistics on the scope of alcohol consumption in Iran; however, there is some evidences showing an increasing trend, particularly among young generation. In order to evaluate the scope of this issue in Kerman, a large city in the south-east of Iran, this exploratory study was designed to approach a group of people having an experience of alcohol use in 2014...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657693/the-effects-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-on-man-smokers-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Mohammadreza Davoudi, Abdollah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Sepehrmanesh
Background: Besides physical problems, cigarette smoking is associated with a high prevalence of comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms. One of the reasons behind high post-cessation smoking lapse and relapse rates is inattentiveness to these symptoms during the process of cessation. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on male smokers' comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms and smoking cessation. Methods: This two-group pre-test-post-test randomized controlled trial was done on a random sample of seventy male smokers...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657692/effectiveness-of-positive-thinking-skills-training-on-the-hope-and-quality-of-life-of-drug-dependent-people
#8
Narges Mohammad-Najar, Elaheh Khoshnevis, Parinaz Banisi
Background: The increase of hope and quality of life (QOL) can play a significant role in improving the mental health of drug addicts. Accordingly, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of positive thinking skills training on hope and QOL of drug-dependent people. Methods: The present study is a quasi-experimental research with pre- and post-test design with the control group. The study population consisted of all men dependent on drugs who visited addiction treatment centers in Tehran, Iran, in 2016...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299215/impact-of-drug-abuse-on-family-quality-of-life
#9
Nader Navabi, Afshin Asadi, Nouzar Nakhaee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299214/intervention-of-the-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-type-b-receptors-of-the-amygdala-central-nucleus-on-the-sensitivity-of-the-morphine-induced-conditionally-preferred-location-in-wistar-female-rats
#10
Firoozeh Alavian, Saeedeh Ghiasvand, Hedayat Sahraei, Maryam Rafiei-Rad
Background: The amygdala is one of the nerve centers involved in drug reward. It is suggested that the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in morphine dependency. The CeA gamma-aminobutyric acid-ergic (GABAergic) system is a mediator of morphine rewarding effects. In this research, the effects of stimulation or inhibition of CeA GABA type B (GABAB) receptors on sensitization acquisition to morphine-induced reward was evaluated in Wistar female rats using conditioned place preferential (CPP) method...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299213/prevalence-of-substance-abuse-among-students-of-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#11
Rosanna Mozafarinia, Mehrdad Assarian, Ahmad Ziaaddini
Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of substance abuse among students of selected schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among students in five schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire which was designed by the researcher. Questionnaires were distributed among participants selected using stratified random sampling...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299212/risk-factors-of-mortality-due-to-acute-opium-poisoning-a-report-from-the-largest-intoxication-referral-center-in-iran
#12
Sahar Rismantab-Sani, Babak Soltani, Siamak Soltani, Azadeh Memarian
Background: Studies have shown that Iran has a high rate of opiate abuse and the most prevalently used is opium. This study was aimed to evaluate risk factors in patients with acute opium intoxication who referred to Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, in 2011. Methods: A total number of 383 patients with acute opium overdose, who were referred to the Emergency Department of Loghman Hakim Hospital in Tehran during 2011, were enrolled into this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299211/the-evaluation-of-relationship-between-sexual-self-concept-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-individuals-undergoing-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#13
Ghodratolah Rajabizadeh, Fatemeh Yazdanpanah, Mohammad Arash Ramezani
Background: The present study was conducted with the aim of designing a causal model for the evaluation of sexual dysfunctions based on the variables of methadone dosage and sexual self-concept among individuals undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Methods: The study population of the present study consisted of married men of 20 to 45 years of age with sexual ýrelations and undergoing MMT for a minimum of 8 weeks referring to all MMT clinics of Kerman, Iran, in ýý2015-2016...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299210/cost-effectiveness-of-methadone-maintenance-treatment-centers-in-prevention-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#14
Sirus Pourkhajoei, Mohsen Barouni, Alireza Noroozi, Ahmad Hajebi, Saeed Amini, Mohammad Karamouzian, Hamid Sharifi
Background: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is one of the greatest social health problems in many communities in the twenty-first century. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) could decrease HIV infection among injection drug users (IDU). The main aim of this paper was to determine the cost-effectiveness of the governmental MMT program to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among IDU. Methods: This analytical study was performed through a before-after assessment during a one-year period...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299209/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#15
Mina Danaei, Akram Jabbarinejad-Kermani, Elham Mohebbi, Mohsen Momeni
Background: Waterpipe smoking is a growing public health threat worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess waterpipe smoking prevalence and its associated factors among Iranian adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kerman, Iran, recruiting 1090 adult participants using multistage sampling in 2016. A self-reported researcher-designed questionnaire was used. The socio-demographic characteristics and waterpipe smoking behaviors such as pattern, duration, and the most common place of waterpipe use, the type of tobacco, and the concurrent use of alcohol and substances were assessed...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#16
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026504/loperamide-dependency-a-case-report
#17
Mehran Zarghami, Maryam Rezapour
BACKGROUND: Loperamide is used as an antidiarrheal drug and is available over-the-counter. It cannot pass the blood-brain barrier and it does not have a considerable abuse potential. It can lead to dangerous cardiac arrhythmia. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report a 35-year-old man with a 13-year history of abusing opioids who had undergone detoxification for four times during this period. He underwent detoxification for using 200 mg loperamide daily with anticholinergic agents, clonidine, non-steroidal analgesics, and diazepam...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026503/content-analysis-of-the-concept-of-addiction-in-high-school-textbooks-of-iran
#18
Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi, Sayedeh Zainab Mousavi, Omid Massah, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: This research sought to determine how well the causes of addiction, addiction harms, and prevention of addiction have been noticed in high school textbooks. METHODS: We used descriptive method to select the main related components of the addiction concept and content analysis method for analyzing the content of textbooks. The study population comprised 61 secondary school curriculum textbooks and study sample consisted of 14 secondary school textbooks selected by purposeful sampling method...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026502/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-condom-use-barriers-in-iranian-men-with-substance-use-disorders
#19
Effat Sadat Merghati-Khoei, Zahed Rezaei, Davood Shojaei-Zadeh, Nammam Ali Azadi, Shahnaz Rimaz, Alireza Bayat, Saeedeh Moayedi-Nia, Sanaz Omati, Farahnaz Salimi, Jeffrey Korte, Therese Killeen, Minoo Mohraz
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) and condom use barriers in Iranian men with substance use disorders (SUDs). METHODS: Of the total 1800 outpatient drug free (ODF) and methadone maintenance treatment program (MMTP) active centers in Tehran, Iran, six were selected to participate in the current study. Data were collected (n = 300 men) using three questionnaires including a demographic questionnaire, the Risky Sexual Behavior Questionnaire (RSBQ), and the Condom Barriers Scale (CBS)...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026501/typology-of-street-substance-users-communities-in-tehran-iran
#20
Masoomeh Maarefvand, Mohammad Sadegh Shirazi, Raha Peyravi, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: There are different street substance users' communities (SSUCs). Typology of SSUCs in Tehran, Iran was approached in this qualitative study. METHODS: Using content analysis and saturation principles, 22 street-outreach workers were recruited and interviewed. Data were analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding. FINDINGS: Three types of SSUCs were identified. SSUCs were different in geographic location, the community hierarchy, roles of residents and its function during a 24-hour period...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
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