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Addiction & Health

Victoria Momenabadi, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh PhD, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Vahid Reza Borhaninejad
BACKGROUND: An increase in hookah smoking is considered to be a serious health problem in societies withdifferent cigarette smoking patterns. Thus, determinants of increase in this behavior are needed to beidentified. This study aimed to review the articles related to the causes of hookah smoking in the society. METHODS: This study reviewed the scientific references of authentic databases and journals, including Web ofScience, PubMed, Iranian Databases, Elsevier, Embase, Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, CDC, and WorldHealth Organization (WHO)...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Hoda Soltani, Abbas Pardakhty
Novel drug delivery systems for controlled-release of opioid agonists as a long time painkillers or opioid antagonists for opium, heroin, and alcohol addiction are under development or in clinical use today. In this article, the field of "new drug delivery systems" is momentarily reviewed from the viewpoint of the marketed opioid agonists/antagonists dosage forms today.
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Fatemeh Delavari, Vahid Sheibani, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Nouzar Nakhaee
Maternal separation (MS) is defined as the termination of the continuity of mother-child relationship after the relationship is established. Although MS and maternal deprivation are different in terms of their definitions, these two terms are usually used interchangeably. This review aims to investigate the effect of MS on drug intake in adulthood. It has been proved that animal models are helpful in evaluating the effects of MS on drug intake risk in adulthood. There are relatively acceptable studies in this field on some drugs such as morphine, ethanol, and cocaine...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Leili Panaghi, Zohreh Ahmadabadi, Najmeh Khosravi, Mansoureh Sadat Sadeghi, Ali Madanipour
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the moderating effect of personality traits on the relationship between living with an addicted man and codependency. METHODS: We selected 140 women (70 wives of addicted men and 70 wives of non-addicted men) through convenience sampling method and asked them to complete Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale and NEO-Five Factor Inventory. FINDINGS: Codependency score was significantly higher among addicted men's wives...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Zahra Alam-Mehrjerdi, Afsaneh Moradi, Fenglian Xu, Mehran Zarghami, Javad Salehi-Fadardi, Kate Dolan
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is common among people who inject drugs (PWID) on methadoneprogram in Iran (Persia). However, a few PWID on methadone program report willingness to receive HCVtreatment. This study aimed to assess the factors which were associated with willingness to receive HCVtreatment in a group of PWID on methadone program in Iran. METHODS: We surveyed 187 PWID at seven drops in centers in Tehran, Iran. Details of demographiccharacteristics, drug use, injection, HCV, and drug treatment history were collected using a 25-itemquestionnaire...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Habibolah Khazaie, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Atena Azami, Marzieh Nasouri, Masoud Tahmasian, Behnam Khaledi-Paveh
BACKGROUND: The relationship between substance use and sleep is bidirectional. Substance use directly causessleep disturbances, and sleep problems are a critical factor in substance-use relapse. METHODS: This study evaluated sleep disorders in 65 methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients, and61 opium-dependent patients who did not receive any treatment between September 2011 and July 2012 inKermanshah, Iran. Both groups filled out the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Global SleepAssessment Questionnaire (GSAQ)...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Omid Mehrpour, Ardeshir Sheikhazadi, Afsoon Barzegar, Afzal Husein, Claudia Malic, Elham Sheikhazadi, Seyed Hossein Saberi-Anary
BACKGROUND: Recreational drugs have a significant impact on the lives of drug users, their close families andfriends, as well as their society. Social, psychological, biological, and genetic factors could make a personmore prone to using recreational drugs. Finger and A-B ridges (dermatoglyphics) are formed during the firstand second trimesters of fetal development, under the influence of environmental and genetic factors. Theaim of our study was to investigate and evaluate a possible link between dermatoglyphics and opium usage...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Hamed Choopan, Seyed Mohammad Kalantarkousheh, Yousef Aazami, Younes Doostian, Ali Farhoudian, Omid Massah
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation appears to provide individuals with a doubled ability to avoid drug relapse and assists with the control of temptation to reuse, which is a type of tendency-avoidance conflict. The present study aims to investigate the effect of Gross model-based emotion regulation training on the reduction of craving beliefs in drug-addicted people. METHODS: The present study was a quasi-experimental design. This was a pre- and post-test design that consisted of control and experimental groups...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
Maryam Nasirian, Roohollah Zahmatkesh, Mehdi Shafiei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Addiction & Health
Ali Hosseininasab, Aliasghar Vahidi, Fatemeh Bagheri-Charouk
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a synthetic opioid that has been used to relieve severe pain in addiction withdrawal. Unfortunately, due to non-standard supply and storage, the incidence of poisoning and deaths caused by this drug is increasing daily. The purpose of this study was to determine the underlying causes of methadone poisoning in children admitted to Kerman Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, during 2012. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 105 children diagnosed with methadone poisoning and admitted to the pediatric emergency ward at Kerman Afzalipour Hospital...
2016: Addiction & Health
Parvaneh Taymoori, Tahereh Pashaei
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the correlation between risk-taking and relapse among methamphetamine (MA) abusers undergoing the Matrix Model of treatment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on male patients who were stimulant drug abusers undergoing the matrix treatment in the National Center for Addiction Research. A sampling was done using the availability method including 92 male patients. Demographic questionnaires and drug abuse related questionnaire were completed for each patient...
2016: Addiction & Health
Nooshin Parvaresh, Shahrzad Mazhari, Neda Mohamadi, Najmeh Mohamadi
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 5% of children. In addition to pharmacotherapy, non-drug treatments such as appropriate parenting are also very important in the treatment of these children. Diagnosis and treatment of parents with psychiatric disorders and substance abuse and evaluation of the frequency of these disorders in parents is critical. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 parents were studied. The target population included parents of 7 to 12 year-old children who referred to child and adolescent psychiatric clinics...
2016: Addiction & Health
Ali Shahabifar, Ataollah Movahedinia
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to compare time perception among drug addicts and controls. METHODS: 30 drug addicts were selected, and 30 non-addict individuals were selected as the control group. The two groups performed three tests of time reproduction, time estimation, and time discrimination. FINDINGS: There was a significant difference between the addicts group and the control group regarding the error of time reproduction and time estimation...
2016: Addiction & Health
Gaurav Sharma, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya
BACKGROUND: Smoking and other forms of tobacco use remain the most significant worldwide public health problem. The dental practice is being identified as potential location for smoking cessation activity. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) promotes the chances of tobacco cessation, however, evidence related to prescription of the NRT in dental settings is lacking. This study aimed to assess and compare the attitudes, practices, beliefs, and barriers in prescribing NRT for tobacco cessation among dental interns and post-graduates (PGs)...
2016: Addiction & Health
Hamideh Salimzadeh, Hamid Najafipour, Fatemeh Mirzaiepour, Soodabeh Navadeh, Mitra Shadkam-Farrokhi, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the major modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Our aim was to report the pattern of active and passive smoking using the data collected through a population-base household survey in Kerman, Iran [(KERCADRS) Kerman Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors Study]. METHODS: Using a cluster random sampling design, we recruited 5900 adult persons (15-75 years old) into our survey. After consenting, every participant was interviewed by a trained interviewer...
2016: Addiction & Health
Mohammad Reza Lashkarizadeh, Mohammad Garshasbi, Mohammad Shabani, Shahriar Dabiri, Hadi Hadavi, Hasan Manafi-Anari
BACKGROUND: Opium addiction alters immune responses to stresses such as an injury due to changing the secretion of cytokines. The present study assessed the effect of opium addiction on the cytokines [tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-10] before and after laparotomy. METHODS: Male rats were randomly divided into control and opium addicted (n = 20). Then, cytokines were measured before surgery, immediately after surgery (within 30-60 minutes) and 24 hours after surgery...
2016: Addiction & Health
Pougnet Richard, Heno Gilles, Zarrin Alavi, Lienau Christine, Le Bretonnic Maryline, Garlantézec Ronan, Pougnet Laurence, Perriot Jean, Dewitte Jean-Dominique
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to detect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among smokers seeking treatment for the first time in a smoking cessation clinic and to assess the predictors of positive screening. METHODS: This study was based on a multicenter survey with questionnaires (Richmond, Fagerstrom, clinical signs) and spirometry miniaturized. Data were analyzed with SAS® by Pearson chi-square test, the test of analysis of variance, Spearman correlation coefficient, and multivariate logistic regression step down...
2016: Addiction & Health
Samaneh Kouzehgaran, Amir Saber-Tanha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Abdollah Ghasempour, Mansour Mahmoodi-Aghdam
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at investigating the role of depression and attachment styles in predicting cell phone addiction. METHODS: In this descriptive correlational study, a sample including 100 students of Payame Noor University (PNU), Reyneh Center, Iran, in the academic year of 2013-2014 was selected using volunteer sampling. Participants were asked to complete the adult attachment inventory (AAI), Beck depression inventory-13 (BDI-13) and the cell phone overuse scale (COS)...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Fateme Arbabi-Kalati, Ebrahim Alijani, Hassan Tajdari
BACKGROUND: At present smoking is considered a great health-related problem. Smoking cigarettes and use of tobacco are on the rise in the Middle East countries; therefore, the number of people exposed to passive cigarette smoke is increasing, too. The aim of the present study was to determine and compare salivary cotinine levels in hookah smokers, individuals exposed to passive cigarette smoke and non-smoker (passive smokers). METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, unstimulated salivary samples were collected from 150 subjects, including 50 hookah smokers, 50 passive smokers, and 50 non-smokers...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
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