Read by QxMD icon Read

Addiction & Health

Maryam Nasirian, Roohollah Zahmatkesh, Mehdi Shafiei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Addiction & Health
Ali Hosseininasab, Aliasghar Vahidi, Fatemeh Bagheri-Charouk
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a synthetic opioid that has been used to relieve severe pain in addiction withdrawal. Unfortunately, due to non-standard supply and storage, the incidence of poisoning and deaths caused by this drug is increasing daily. The purpose of this study was to determine the underlying causes of methadone poisoning in children admitted to Kerman Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran, during 2012. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 105 children diagnosed with methadone poisoning and admitted to the pediatric emergency ward at Kerman Afzalipour Hospital...
2016: Addiction & Health
Parvaneh Taymoori, Tahereh Pashaei
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the correlation between risk-taking and relapse among methamphetamine (MA) abusers undergoing the Matrix Model of treatment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on male patients who were stimulant drug abusers undergoing the matrix treatment in the National Center for Addiction Research. A sampling was done using the availability method including 92 male patients. Demographic questionnaires and drug abuse related questionnaire were completed for each patient...
2016: Addiction & Health
Nooshin Parvaresh, Shahrzad Mazhari, Neda Mohamadi, Najmeh Mohamadi
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 5% of children. In addition to pharmacotherapy, non-drug treatments such as appropriate parenting are also very important in the treatment of these children. Diagnosis and treatment of parents with psychiatric disorders and substance abuse and evaluation of the frequency of these disorders in parents is critical. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 parents were studied. The target population included parents of 7 to 12 year-old children who referred to child and adolescent psychiatric clinics...
2016: Addiction & Health
Ali Shahabifar, Ataollah Movahedinia
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to compare time perception among drug addicts and controls. METHODS: 30 drug addicts were selected, and 30 non-addict individuals were selected as the control group. The two groups performed three tests of time reproduction, time estimation, and time discrimination. FINDINGS: There was a significant difference between the addicts group and the control group regarding the error of time reproduction and time estimation...
2016: Addiction & Health
Gaurav Sharma, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya
BACKGROUND: Smoking and other forms of tobacco use remain the most significant worldwide public health problem. The dental practice is being identified as potential location for smoking cessation activity. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) promotes the chances of tobacco cessation, however, evidence related to prescription of the NRT in dental settings is lacking. This study aimed to assess and compare the attitudes, practices, beliefs, and barriers in prescribing NRT for tobacco cessation among dental interns and post-graduates (PGs)...
2016: Addiction & Health
Hamideh Salimzadeh, Hamid Najafipour, Fatemeh Mirzaiepour, Soodabeh Navadeh, Mitra Shadkam-Farrokhi, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the major modifiable risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Our aim was to report the pattern of active and passive smoking using the data collected through a population-base household survey in Kerman, Iran [(KERCADRS) Kerman Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors Study]. METHODS: Using a cluster random sampling design, we recruited 5900 adult persons (15-75 years old) into our survey. After consenting, every participant was interviewed by a trained interviewer...
2016: Addiction & Health
Mohammad Reza Lashkarizadeh, Mohammad Garshasbi, Mohammad Shabani, Shahriar Dabiri, Hadi Hadavi, Hasan Manafi-Anari
BACKGROUND: Opium addiction alters immune responses to stresses such as an injury due to changing the secretion of cytokines. The present study assessed the effect of opium addiction on the cytokines [tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-10] before and after laparotomy. METHODS: Male rats were randomly divided into control and opium addicted (n = 20). Then, cytokines were measured before surgery, immediately after surgery (within 30-60 minutes) and 24 hours after surgery...
2016: Addiction & Health
Pougnet Richard, Heno Gilles, Zarrin Alavi, Lienau Christine, Le Bretonnic Maryline, Garlantézec Ronan, Pougnet Laurence, Perriot Jean, Dewitte Jean-Dominique
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to detect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among smokers seeking treatment for the first time in a smoking cessation clinic and to assess the predictors of positive screening. METHODS: This study was based on a multicenter survey with questionnaires (Richmond, Fagerstrom, clinical signs) and spirometry miniaturized. Data were analyzed with SAS® by Pearson chi-square test, the test of analysis of variance, Spearman correlation coefficient, and multivariate logistic regression step down...
2016: Addiction & Health
Samaneh Kouzehgaran, Amir Saber-Tanha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Abdollah Ghasempour, Mansour Mahmoodi-Aghdam
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed at investigating the role of depression and attachment styles in predicting cell phone addiction. METHODS: In this descriptive correlational study, a sample including 100 students of Payame Noor University (PNU), Reyneh Center, Iran, in the academic year of 2013-2014 was selected using volunteer sampling. Participants were asked to complete the adult attachment inventory (AAI), Beck depression inventory-13 (BDI-13) and the cell phone overuse scale (COS)...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Tahereh Nosratzehi, Fateme Arbabi-Kalati, Ebrahim Alijani, Hassan Tajdari
BACKGROUND: At present smoking is considered a great health-related problem. Smoking cigarettes and use of tobacco are on the rise in the Middle East countries; therefore, the number of people exposed to passive cigarette smoke is increasing, too. The aim of the present study was to determine and compare salivary cotinine levels in hookah smokers, individuals exposed to passive cigarette smoke and non-smoker (passive smokers). METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, unstimulated salivary samples were collected from 150 subjects, including 50 hookah smokers, 50 passive smokers, and 50 non-smokers...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Sajjad Bashapoor, Seyyedeh Tayebeh Hosseini-Kiasari, Somayeh Daneshvar, Zeinab Kazemi-Taskooh
BACKGROUND: Sensory information processing and alexithymia are two important factors in determining behavioral reactions. Some studies explain the effect of the sensitivity of sensory processing and alexithymia in the tendency to substance abuse. Giving that, the aim of the current study was to compare the styles of sensory information processing and alexithymia between substance-dependent people and normal ones. METHODS: The research method was cross-sectional and the statistical population of the current study comprised of all substance-dependent men who are present in substance quitting camps of Masal, Iran, in October 2013 (n = 78)...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Mehdi Noroozi, Ali Mirzazadeh, Alireza Noroozi, Yadoallah Mehrabi, Ahmad Hajebi, Saman Zamani, Hamid Sharifi, Peter Higgs, Hamid Soori
BACKGROUND: Needle-syringe programs (NSP) have been running in Iran since 2002. However, the coverage of such program among the NSP clients at the individual level was not studies yet. This study aimed to determine the client coverage of NSP and its correlation with high injection-related risk behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Kermanshah province, Iran, in 2014. 230 people who inject drugs (PWID) recruited from two drop-in centers (DICs) from April to September 2014, participated in a face-to-face interview to provide information related individual coverage of NSP, demographic characteristics, and injecting behaviors 30 days prior to the interview...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Ali Bahramnejad, Marjan Rabani-Bavojdan, Mozhgan Rabani-Bavojdan, Nahid Kaviani
BACKGROUND: Positive perfectionism helps the individual to experience fewer worries and less anxiety. The aim of the present study was to assess the value of coping strategies to predict perfectionism in drug-user women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 361 consecutive drug-user women who were randomly selected from a total of 6237 women referring to the Drug Abuse Centers of Kerman, Iran, in 2013. Data were gathered using the positive and negative perfectionism scale, and coping responses questionnaire...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Mohammad Masoomi, Nahid Azdaki, Beydolah Shahouzehi
BACKGROUND: Although the triggering role of both opium use and elevated plasma homocysteine level for progressing atherosclerosis and, therefore, appearing coronary heart disease has been clearly determined, no study are available with respect to the relation between these to risk profiles. In the present study and for the first time, we hypothesized that the opium addiction can be potentially correlated with elevated homocysteine concentration. METHODS: 217 persons (103 opium-addicted and 114 non-addicted) were randomly selected from the Kerman Coronary Artery Disease Risk Study (KERCADRS), Iran, as a population-based, epidemiological prospective study...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Noushin Parvaresh, Shahrzad Mazhari, Maryam Nazari-Noghabi
BACKGROUND: Addiction is one of the main problems of human societies, which is more common in developing countries. In addition, it causes to personal and social problems and family problem. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children 5-15 years old of opioid or methamphetamine dependence patients. METHODS: For this study, three groups including: (1) children of parents addicted to opium, (2) children of parents addicted to methamphetamine, and (3) control group were examined...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Mohadeseh Chahkandi, Nayerreh Askari, Gholamreza Asadikaram
BACKGROUND: Opiates affect blood factors as well as pain and inflammation in a gender-dependent manner. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of morphine on serum glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and urea in gonadectomized and inflammation conditions. METHODS: Animals were divided as follows: control group, carrageenan and chronic morphine recipients, acute morphine recipients, chronic morphine recipients, carrageenan recipients, acute morphine and carrageenan recipients, gonadectomized group, gonadectomized recipients of carrageenan, gonadectomized recipients of morphine, gonadectomized recipients of chronic morphine, gonadectomized recipients of carrageenan and chronic morphine, gonadectomized recipients of acute morphine and carrageenan...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Abedin Iranpour, Ensiyeh Jamshidi, Nouzar Nakhaee, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Mehrdad Eftekhar-Ardabili, Hassan Eftekhar-Ardabili Mph
BACKGROUND: Substance use is a growing public health problem among adolescents. In the lack of a valid and reliable instrument based on social development model (SDM), this study aimed to develop risk and protective factors of substance use scale based on SDM to determine risk and protective factors influencing substance use among adolescents. METHODS: A total of 235 male students from 9th and 10th grade (14-18 years old) of public high schools in Kerman, Iran, selected through multistage cluster sampling...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Shahrzad Mazhari, Zeinab Keshvari, Abdolreza Sabahi, Shirin Mottaghian
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance has received little scientific attention regarding neurocognitive effects. This study is aimed to assess the neuropsychological performance of methadone maintenance patients (MMP) compared to those healthy controls. METHODS: Thirty-five MMP and 35 healthy controls, matched for age, gender, education and employment status, examined on a battery of tests aimed at assessing verbal fluency, executive functions, verbal memory, and working memory, using controlled oral word association test (COWAT), trial making test (TMT) Part A and B, Rey auditory verbal learning test (RAVLT), and backward digit span...
July 2015: Addiction & Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"