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Addiction & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026504/loperamide-dependency-a-case-report
#1
Mehran Zarghami, Maryam Rezapour
BACKGROUND: Loperamide is used as an antidiarrheal drug and is available over-the-counter. It cannot pass the blood-brain barrier and it does not have a considerable abuse potential. It can lead to dangerous cardiac arrhythmia. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report a 35-year-old man with a 13-year history of abusing opioids who had undergone detoxification for four times during this period. He underwent detoxification for using 200 mg loperamide daily with anticholinergic agents, clonidine, non-steroidal analgesics, and diazepam...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026503/content-analysis-of-the-concept-of-addiction-in-high-school-textbooks-of-iran
#2
Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi, Sayedeh Zainab Mousavi, Omid Massah, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: This research sought to determine how well the causes of addiction, addiction harms, and prevention of addiction have been noticed in high school textbooks. METHODS: We used descriptive method to select the main related components of the addiction concept and content analysis method for analyzing the content of textbooks. The study population comprised 61 secondary school curriculum textbooks and study sample consisted of 14 secondary school textbooks selected by purposeful sampling method...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026502/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-condom-use-barriers-in-iranian-men-with-substance-use-disorders
#3
Effat Sadat Merghati-Khoei, Zahed Rezaei, Davood Shojaei-Zadeh, Nammam Ali Azadi, Shahnaz Rimaz, Alireza Bayat, Saeedeh Moayedi-Nia, Sanaz Omati, Farahnaz Salimi, Jeffrey Korte, Therese Killeen, Minoo Mohraz
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) and condom use barriers in Iranian men with substance use disorders (SUDs). METHODS: Of the total 1800 outpatient drug free (ODF) and methadone maintenance treatment program (MMTP) active centers in Tehran, Iran, six were selected to participate in the current study. Data were collected (n = 300 men) using three questionnaires including a demographic questionnaire, the Risky Sexual Behavior Questionnaire (RSBQ), and the Condom Barriers Scale (CBS)...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026501/typology-of-street-substance-users-communities-in-tehran-iran
#4
Masoomeh Maarefvand, Mohammad Sadegh Shirazi, Raha Peyravi, Ali Farhoudian
BACKGROUND: There are different street substance users' communities (SSUCs). Typology of SSUCs in Tehran, Iran was approached in this qualitative study. METHODS: Using content analysis and saturation principles, 22 street-outreach workers were recruited and interviewed. Data were analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding. FINDINGS: Three types of SSUCs were identified. SSUCs were different in geographic location, the community hierarchy, roles of residents and its function during a 24-hour period...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026500/effectiveness-of-resilience-training-on-ego-control-and-hardiness-of-illicit-drug-users
#5
Amin Roustaei, Babollah Bakhshipoor, Younes Doostian, Ali Akbar Goodiny, Mansoureh Koohikar, Omid Massah
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of resilience training upon ego-control and hardiness of the addicted persons. METHODS: This was a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest control groups which was conducted in Sari, Iran, during 2014-2015. Thirty persons were selected among 240 illicit drug users who underwent screening. Resilience training was performed in ten sessions for the experimental group. The Kobasa hardiness questionnaire and self-restraint scale (SRS) were used for data collection and multivariate covariance test was performed for data analysis...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026499/comparison-between-homocysteine-fibrinogen-pt-ptt-inr-and-crp-in-male-smokers-with-without-addiction-to-opium
#6
Nahid Azdaki, Mahmood Zardast, Gholamreza Anani-Sarab, Hamid Abdorrazaghnaejad, Mohammad Reza Ghasemian, Amin Saburi
BACKGROUND: Regarding the limited studies about effects of addiction on coagulation factors as a risk factor for increasing coagulation, and its relation to coronary artery disease, we decided to investigate the effect of opium on inflammatory and coagulation factors in a controlled setting. METHODS: This case-control study was performed using two groups of smoking males addicted to opium (27 cases) and not addicted to opium (27 cases). After collecting demographic data, venous blood samples were gathered and sent to laboratory for measuring homocysteine, fibrinogen, prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), International Normalized Ratio (INR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) quantity...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026498/a-case-control-study-of-comparison-of-plasma-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-inhaled-opium-addicts-and-clinically-healthy-persons
#7
Maryam Amizadeh, Shahryar Dabiri, Armin Javedan, Ali Eftekharian, Aliasghar Arabi-Mianroodi
BACKGROUND: Metalloproteinase-9 exists in the basement membrane of normal tissues and is a major factor in cancer invasion and lymphatic metastasis. Smoking has been reported to increase the metalloproteinase level, but the role of opium consumption in metalloproteinase level has not yet been examined. The current research intended to examine the impacts of opium consumption on the serum levels of metalloproteinase. METHODS: This case-control research was conducted in Kerman (in the southeast of Iran), after getting medical approve by the ethics committee...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026497/methadone-replacement-therapy-and-sexual-disorders-among-opium-dependent-iranian-men-a-meta-analysis-study
#8
Masoudeh Babakhanian, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mahdi Afshari, Fatemeh Taghizadeh, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of sexual disorders among persons receiving methadone replacement therapy is of great importance, because these problems may lead to non-compliance and relapse. This study aimed to estimate the effect of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) on sexual function among addicted Iranian men using met-analysis. METHODS: Investigating the available data banks, relevant studies were identified. After exclusion of duplicates, irrelevant papers and low quality articles, eligible papers were entered into the meta-analysis...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496960/erratum-willingness-to-receive-treatment-for-hepatitis-c-among-injecting-drug-users-on-methadone-program-implications-for-education-and-treatment
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 90 in vol. 2.].
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496959/is-pathological-trading-an-overlooked-form-of-addiction
#10
Riccardo Guglielmo, Lucia Ioime, Luigi Janiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496958/prevalence-of-hiv-aids-among-iranian-prisoners-a-review-article
#11
REVIEW
Morteza Akbari, Maryam Akbari, Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami, Hassan Joulaei, Maryam Nasiriyan, Maryam Hesampour, Kamran Bagheri-Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, prisoners are more at risk of being infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as well as hepatitis C and B in comparison with other risk groups. The combination of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), addiction and prison are factors that threaten the health of our society. Influence of risky behaviors is so common on transmission of AIDS into prisoners' bodies. This study used available information and reports to investigate the prevalence of HIV in Iranian prisons...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496957/injecting-and-sexual-networks-and-sociodemographic-factors-and-dual-hiv-risk-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kermanshah-province-iran
#12
Mehdi Noroozi, Ali Mirzazadeh, Alireza Noroozi, Hamid Sharifi, Peter Higgs, Zahra Jorjoran-Shushtari, Ali Farhoudian, Farbod Fadai, Farahnaz Mohhamadi-Shahboulaghi, Bahram Armoon, Ahmad Hajebi, Omid Massah
BACKGROUND: Few studies suggest that social network factors, including size of sexual network may associate with drug-related and sexual high-risk behaviors. The objective of this study is to investigate injecting and sexual networks and sociodemographic factors that might be associated with dual HIV risk (DHR) among people who inject drug (PWID). METHODS: The data from a cross-sectional study of 455 PWID that were recruited through peer-referral sampling were used in this study...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496956/effects-of-opium-addiction-and-cigarette-smoking-on-hematological-parameters
#13
Gholamabbas Shahabinejad, Majid Sirati-Sabet, Mohammad Kazemi-Arababadi, Saeideh Nabati, Gholamreza Asadikaram
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of opium addiction and cigarette smoking on the complete blood count (CBC). METHODS: Eighty-six male subjects, including 31 opium-addicted cigarette smokers (OACS), 19 opium-addicted non-cigarette smokers (OANCS), 17 non-opium-addicted cigarette smokers (NOACS), and 19 non-opium-addicted non-cigarette smokers (NOANCS) participated in this study. The CBC test was measured in all individuals. FINDINGS: The OACS had significantly higher white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte, and red blood cell (RBC) count but lower in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) compared to NOANCS...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496955/estimating-the-size-and-age-gender-distribution-of-women-s-active-social-networks
#14
Maryam Zamanian, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Tayebeh Mokhtari-Sorkhani, Fatemeh Amiri, Farzaneh Zolala
BACKGROUND: Network Scale-up (NSU) method is an indirect method for the estimation of hidden behaviors. In NSU, respondents are asked about the number of members they know from a subpopulation of interest (e.g., injecting drug user) and assume that the prevalence of risky behavior in the networks of a random sample of respondents is similar to that of the population. However, first, we need to identify the total number of people each respondent knows [the social network size (C)]; Moreover, certain risky behaviors happen in particular age and gender groups...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496954/sexual-risk-behaviors-constructed-in-iranian-women-s-life-with-substance-use-disorders-a-new-implication-of-human-ecological-theory
#15
Mansoureh Jamshidimanesh, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Afsaneh Keramat
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse is one of the important variables influencing protective sexual behavior. The objective of this study was to explore how risky sexual behaviors develop in drug abusing women using human ecological theory. METHODS: In this study, we used a descriptive exploratory approach. The participants were 32 drug abusing women from two of the selected drop-in centers (DICs) in south Tehran, Iran, where we could have access to a vast number of female drug users...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496953/estrogen-and-progesterone-replacement-therapy-prevent-methamphetamine-induced-synaptic-plasticity-impairment-in-ovariectomized-rats
#16
Hamed Ghazvini, Mohammad Shabani, Majid Asadi-Shekaari, Solmaz Khalifeh, Khadijeh Esmaeilpour, Mehdi Khodamoradi, Vahid Sheibani
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (METH) is one of the most popular psychostimulants which produce long lasting learning and memory impairment. Previous studies have indicated that estrogen and progesterone replacement therapy attenuate cognitive impairment against a wide array of neurodegenerative diseases. Present study was designed to figure out the effects of estrogen, progesterone alone or in combination, on early long-term potentiation (E-LTP) at the cornu ammonis (CA1) area of the hippocampus in METH-exposed ovariectomized (OVX) rat...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496952/hiv-programs-in-iran-persia-iraq-and-saudi-arabia-a-brief-review-of-current-evidence-in-west-and-southwest-asia
#17
Omid Massah, Afsaneh Moradi, Ali Farhoudian, Mahmood Amini-Lari, Hassan Joulaei, Reza Daneshmand
BACKGROUND: In Western and Southwest Asia, literature is not documented on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programs in Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The present study is the first brief review that describes HIV programs in these three neighboring countries. METHODS: Data regarding the evidence of HIV programs were gathered through a systematic literature searching. English publications were retrieved through searching online scientific databases. Grey literature was also searched online...
July 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882210/factors-affecting-hookah-smoking-trend-in-the-society-a-review-article
#18
REVIEW
Victoria Momenabadi, Mohammad Hossein Kaveh PhD, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Vahid Reza Borhaninejad
BACKGROUND: An increase in hookah smoking is considered to be a serious health problem in societies withdifferent cigarette smoking patterns. Thus, determinants of increase in this behavior are needed to beidentified. This study aimed to review the articles related to the causes of hookah smoking in the society. METHODS: This study reviewed the scientific references of authentic databases and journals, including Web ofScience, PubMed, Iranian Databases, Elsevier, Embase, Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, CDC, and WorldHealth Organization (WHO)...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882209/marketed-new-drug-delivery-systems-for-opioid-agonists-antagonists-administration-a-rapid-overview
#19
REVIEW
Hoda Soltani, Abbas Pardakhty
Novel drug delivery systems for controlled-release of opioid agonists as a long time painkillers or opioid antagonists for opium, heroin, and alcohol addiction are under development or in clinical use today. In this article, the field of "new drug delivery systems" is momentarily reviewed from the viewpoint of the marketed opioid agonists/antagonists dosage forms today.
April 2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882208/maternal-separation-and-the-risk-of-drug-abuse-in-later-life
#20
REVIEW
Fatemeh Delavari, Vahid Sheibani, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Nouzar Nakhaee
Maternal separation (MS) is defined as the termination of the continuity of mother-child relationship after the relationship is established. Although MS and maternal deprivation are different in terms of their definitions, these two terms are usually used interchangeably. This review aims to investigate the effect of MS on drug intake in adulthood. It has been proved that animal models are helpful in evaluating the effects of MS on drug intake risk in adulthood. There are relatively acceptable studies in this field on some drugs such as morphine, ethanol, and cocaine...
April 2016: Addiction & Health
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