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Health Promotion Perspectives

Carlos K B Ferrari
The objective of this work was to update Brazilian experiences on implementation research (IR)regarding promotion of healthy lifestyles to decrease the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD). Some Brazilian governmental activities for promotion of healthy lifestyles have been adopted around the world such as the case of the "World Physical Activity Day" and the"Walking for health program". Following the example of many other developing and developed countries, Brazilian government has been sponsored leisure-time physical activity and healthy eating programs which still were not capable of promoting massive participation, especially from workers, elderly and people from the less privileged socioeconomic classes...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Kathy B Knight, Sydney A Devers, Meagan Maloney, Anne K Bomba, Heather Walker, Kathy Tucker, Scott S Knight
Background: The purpose was to determine if an 8-week nutrition education and exercise program for families could influence health and fitness parameters, and retention of nutrition knowledge. Methods: Eighteen children (mean age: 10.52 ± 1.26 year; 50% boys, 50% girls; 56% white, 25% black, 19% multiracial) participated in the Families in Transformation (FIT) program. Preand post-study anthropocentric, blood pressure, fitness, and nutrition knowledge data was collected. Results: Diastolic blood pressure decreased for the total group (66...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Masoumeh Anbarlouei, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Akbar Ghiasi, Maryam Ataieasl, Abbasali Dorosti, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl
Background: Tobacco smoking is one of the most important public health problems that may be prevented. There is limited information about its relationship with communication skills. Findings on the relationships between self-esteem and cigarette/hookah smoking are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between cigarette and hookah smoking,self-esteem and communication skills among a representative sample of high school students. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 1321 tenth-grade students (14-17 years) was selected through multi-stage proportionally cluster sampling in Tabriz, 2017...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Shahnaz Ashrafi, Nayyereh Aminisani, Somaieh Soltani, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Seyed Morteza Shamshirgaran, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi
Background: The present study aimed at assessing the validity of self-reported drug use in people aged 35 and older in a pilot phase of a population-based cohort study. Methods: A total of 1038 adults over 35 years old in Khamene city in East Azerbaijan province were recruited for the pilot phase of Azar cohort; a province-level of a nationwide PERSIAN cohort study completing a questionnaire and providing biological samples from October to December 2014. Information about the history and duration of smoking tobacco, using drug and medication were obtained by the physician...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Fariba Nikan, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Background: Utilizing multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) and genetic algorithm (GA) we aimed to design and test the psychometric properties of the short form Postpartum Quality of Life Questionnaire (PQOL). Methods: In this methodological study, 500 women aged 18 to 42 were enrolled through a multistage random sampling scheme in Tabriz, Iran. We used MIRT model and GA to identify a short form of the 40-item PQOL measure (SF-PQOL). Construct and criterion validity of the SF-PQOL was assessed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the correlation between SFPQOL scores with a 12-item short form of QOL (SF-12) and Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores, respectively...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Savanna Wingate, Lindsay Crawford, Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: Among other factors, including the decay theory, interfering stimuli (proactive and retroactive interference; PI and RI) may influence the encoding and consolidation of target information. Acute exercise can enhance episodic memory function, but no experiments have evaluated whether exercise can attenuate PI and RI effects on memory, which was the purpose of this experiment. Methods: Twenty young adults were randomized (via computer program) into one of 6 experimental groups (N=120, n=20 per group), including 3 PI (G1, G2, and G3) and 3 RI groups (G4, G5, and G6)...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Vida Imani, Chung-Ying Lin, Shabnam Jalilolgadr, Amir H Pakpour
Background: Given the high prevalence of excessive daytime disorder (EDS) among children and adolescents, daytime sleepiness should be effectively measured for them to design appropriate intervention program. However, the commonly used instrument Epworth Sleepiness Scale for Children and Adolescents (ESS-CHAD) has little information in its psychometric properties. This study aimed to apply 2 different test theories to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian ESS-CHAD among a large sample of Iranian adolescents and children...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Ahmad Bazazan, Iman Dianat, Leila Rastgoo, Hojat Zandi
Background: Fatigue and psychological distress are fairly common among nursing personnel,but their relationship is not clearly understood. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the relationships between dimensions of fatigue and psychological distress among 699 public hospital nurses in Iran. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) were used for evaluation of fatigue and psychological distress, respectively. Results: The total fatigue score of the MFI-20 was 52...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Alireza Moghisi, Yalda Soleiman Ekhtiari
Background: Overweight and obesity are considered as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) risk factors with increasing prevalence worldwide. This nationwide study aimed to determine the socio-demographic determinants of obesity indexes in Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on data from the sixth round of nationwide Stepwise approach to surveillance (STEPS) survey in the 31 provinces of Iran in 2011. A total of 9878 people aged ≥20 years were selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling method...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Hiroko Henker, Shivani Fox-Lewis, Navy Tep, Dary Vanna, Sreymom Pol, Claudia Turner
Background: There is increasing awareness of the need to implement quality assurance programs in developing countries. Healthcare staff are the primary drivers of improving the quality of care,but little is known about how they perceive quality assurance programs in resource-limited settings. This study aims to evaluate healthcare workers' perceptions of the organizational quality assurance program (OQA) at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC), Cambodia. The OQA involves regular data collection and monitoring of quality indicators, to assess whether agreed quality standards are being met...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: To examine the effects of an acute bout of aerobic exercise and meditation on mood state among young adults. Methods: Participants (N= 66, mean age = 21.3 years) were randomly assigned to walk,meditate, or sit (control) for 10 minutes. Participants' mood state was monitored before and after the intervention using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire. Results: Significant group x time interaction effects were observed for the POMS composite scores (P=0.05). When evaluating three POMS sub scales separately (depression/dejection,anger/hostility, and fatigue/inertia), only fatigue/inertia was found to have a significant group x time effect (P=0...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Ashley Clark, Charles E Basch
Background: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has decreased in recent years, due in large part to increased screening, particularly through colonoscopy. This study aimed to examine the level of readability of information on colonoscopy preparation written on 100 websites that were found via an internet search. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the content of the first 100 websites in English found via an internet search were analyzed using established readability scales. Websites were compared based on whether they had a commercial or non-commercial URL extension...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Carla R Marchira, Warih A Puspitosari, Ida Rochmawati, Siti Mulyani, Irwan Supriyanto
Background: Information gaps hinder the management of psychotic patients. Incorporating mental health services into primary care might solve the problem. Health workers can be trained to provide psycho-education for caregivers of psychotic patients. Methods: This study was a two stage experimental study. In the first stage, 43 health workers were trained to provide a psycho-education for caregivers of psychotic patients. Next, 10 health workers were selected to provide the psycho-education. Participants were family caregivers of psychotic patients (n = 113) randomly assigned to control and intervention groups...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Farid Gharibi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi
Background: Considering the lack of accreditation models for health education and promotion(HEP) activities in the Iranian primary health care (PHC) system we conducted the present study to develop a national accreditation model for HEP actions in the Iranian PHC system. Methods: After a comprehensive review on the accreditation models in PHC field, especially those concentrated on the HEP programs, an initial HEP accreditation model was developed.Then, applying the Delphi technique, 18 experts in the Iranian PHC system with field experience in HEP programs were invited to assess the initial model...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Nevin Hammam, Victor E Ezeugwu, Patricia J Manns, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart
Background: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a biomarker for cardiovascular disease(CVD). RDW is associated with sedentary behavior (SB) and physical activity (PA) in adults.To date, no study has evaluated this association in children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between RDW and SB and PA levels of children and adolescents. Methods: This observational study included data from participants aged 12-20 years in the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Maryamalsadat Kazemi Shishavan, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Nayyereh Aminisani, Mohammad Shahbazi, Mahasti Alizadeh
Background: Hypertension affects the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and self-care behaviors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among hypertensive people. Methods: All people aged 35 years and older with hypertension were invited to participate in this study. Information on self-care behavior for hypertension (H-scale), and health-related quality of life (WHOHRQOL-BRFF) were completed by trained interviewer. Data analysis was done using SPSS 16...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Amir Bagheri, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Mansour Rezaei, Mozhgan Moravridzade, Mahmoudreza Moradi, Michael Nelson
Background: Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer with a high mortality rate. The current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between dietary patterns and prostate cancer risk among Iranian men. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Kermanshah province in western Iran in November 2016. Fifty patients with prostate cancer were selected as cases and 150 healthy men matched for age and body mass index (BMI) were selected as controls. Dietary intake data were collected by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Esmatolsadat Hashemi, Mahdi Zangi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Joaquim Soares, Eija Viitasara, Reza Mohammadi
Background: Our aim in this survey was to explore descriptive epidemiology of injuries in Tehran in 2012 and to report the recalled estimates of injury incidence rates. Methods: A population survey was conducted in Tehran during 2012, within which a total of 8626 participants were enrolled. The cluster sampling was used to draw samples in 100 clusters with a pre-specified cluster size of 25 households per cluster. Data were collected on demographic features, accident and injury characteristics based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10)...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Meena Jain, Shourya Tandon, Ankur Sharma, Vishal Jain, Nisha Rani Yadav
Background: An appropriate scale to assess the dental anxiety of Hindi speaking population is lacking. This study, therefore, aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of Hindi version of one of the oldest dental anxiety scale, Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (CDAS) in Hindi speaking Indian adults. Methods: A total of 348 subjects from the outpatient department of a dental hospital in India participated in this cross-sectional study. The scale was cross-culturally adapted by forward and backward translation, committee review and pretesting method...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: We evaluated the differential influence of preferred versus imposed media selections on distinct hedonic responses to an acute bout of treadmill walking. Methods: Twenty university students were recruited for this [160 person-visit] laboratory experiment, which employed a within-subject, counter-balanced design. Participants were exposed to 8 experimental conditions, including (1) Exercise Only, (2) Texting Only, (3) Preferred Phone Call, (4) Imposed Phone Call, (5) Preferred Music Playlist, (6) Imposed Music Playlist, (7)Preferred Video and (8) Imposed Video...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
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