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Journal of Epilepsy Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090762/tonic-upward-eyeball-deviation-mimicking-non-convulsive-occipital-lobe-status-epilepticus-that-was-induced-by-hydrocephalus
#1
Min-Hee Woo, Jung-Won Shin, Seung-Hun Oh, Ok Joon Kim
Several seizure-like symptoms are difficult to differentiate from epileptic convulsion, and then if they were misdiagnosed, they could be led to grave prognosis. A 41-year-old man was referred to the emergency room due to unconsciousness. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed acute subdural hemorrhage along the left frontal lobe, and intraparenchymal hemorrhage in the left temporo-occipital lobe. After emergent decompressive craniectomy, he recovered an alert mental state but became progressively drowsy. Four days later, virtually continuous tonic upward eyeball deviation was observed...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090761/anti-nmdar-encephalitis-in-a-13-year-old-female-a-24-month-clinical-follow-up
#2
Eunsil Kim, Eu Gene Park, Jiwon Lee, Munhyang Lee, Jihye Kim, Jeehun Lee
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disorder manifesting as seizures, movement disorders, and psychiatric changes. However, there have been few case reports concerning this disorder in South Korean children. The current case report describes a pediatric patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. A 13-year-old female patient developed clonic movements of the right arm followed by aphasia, paresthesia, and right-sided hemiparesis. The electroencephalogram (EEG) results indicated electroclinical seizures arising from the left temporal area...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090760/seizure-related-cortical-volume-alterations-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#3
Jarang Hahm, Kwang Ki Kim, Dong Wook Kim
Background and Purpose: Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to cognitive dysfunction and neuronal loss, both of which can be exacerbated by seizures. For the treatment and diagnosis of AD, it is imperative to identify the cortical characteristics of comorbidities of AD such as seizures. The present study investigated the alterations in cortical volumes in patients with comorbid AD and seizures. Methods: In this retrospective study, magnetic resonance T1-weighted brain images were collected from six patients with early AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment without seizures (AD-No Seizure, age: 66...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090759/predictors-of-seizure-related-injuries-in-an-epilepsy-cohort-from-north-india
#4
Surekha Dabla, Inder Puri, Deepa Dash, Padma Madakasira Vasantha, Manjari Tripathi
Background and Purpose: To identify predictors of seizure-related injury (SRI) and death in people with epilepsy (PWE) in a North Indian cohort. Methods: This ambispective cohort study included PWE registered in an epilepsy clinic in Delhi between May 2010 and December 2011. Five hundred twenty-six patients were enrolled and followed for 25 months. Patients were categorized into two groups based on SRI/no SRI during the study period. We analyzed various factors to identify predictors of SRI and death...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090758/use-of-the-modified-atkins-diet-in-intractable-pediatric-epilepsy
#5
Eu Gene Park, Jiwon Lee, Jeehun Lee
Background and Purpose: The modified Atkins diet is a less restrictive alternative to the ketogenic diet (KD), allowing unlimited protein, fat, calories, and fluid intake. Moreover, it can be started on an outpatient basis without requiring a fast. This study evaluated the efficacy, tolerability, and compliance of the modified Atkins diet in intractable pediatric epilepsy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 26 pediatric patients (10 males and 16 females) with intractable epilepsy who were treated using the modified Atkins diet at Samsung Medical Center from January 2011 to March 2017...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090757/technical-implications-in-revision-surgery-for-deep-brain-stimulation-dbs-of-the-thalamus-for-refractory-epilepsy
#6
Byung-Chul Son, Young-Min Shon, Seong Hoon Kim, Jiyeon Kim, Hak-Cheol Ko, Jin-Gyu Choi
Background and Purpose: Implantation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes in the anterior nucleus of the thalamus (ANT) or the centromedian nucleus (CM), for the treatment of refractory epilepsy, is technically demanding. To enhance the accuracy of electrode placement within the ANT and CM, we analyzed our experience with electrode revision surgery in ANT and CM DBS and investigated the cause of misplacement and verifying methods for accurate placement. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the medical records of 23 patients who underwent DBS for refractory epilepsy during the period from 2013 to 2016 was performed...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090756/surgical-treatment-of-lesional-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#7
REVIEW
Sangjoon Chong, Ji Hoon Phi, Ji Yeoun Lee, Seung-Ki Kim
Lesional mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) concerns a lesion other than mesial hippocampal sclerosis present in the mesial temporal lobe and causing seizures. The lesions are usually composed of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) or are tumorous. These are good candidates for surgical treatment. Sometimes, it is difficult to distinguish between tumors and FCD and to determine the extent of required removal. 11 C-methionine positron emission tomography (PET) is helpful in differentiating lesions before surgery in lesional mTLE...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090755/hemispherotomy-and-functional-hemispherectomy-indications-and-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Ju-Seong Kim, Eun-Kyung Park, Kyu-Won Shim, Dong Seok Kim
Hemispherectomy constitutes an established surgical method in the management of patients with medically intractable epilepsy secondary to severe unilateral hemisphere damage. As opposed to focal resections, in hemispherotomies, the entire hemisphere is disconnected from the remaining nervous system, including the functional regions and fibers. Despite this, hemispherotomy is recommended for certain indications, and has good functional and epilepsy outcomes. Here we describe the indications, epilepsy outcomes, and surgical techniques for several hemispheric surgeries...
June 2018: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344473/intractable-epilepsy-with-solitary-cerebral-calcification
#9
Kyoung Jin Hwang, Jiyoung Kim, Eun Yeon Joo, Seung Bong Hong, Seung-Chyul Hong, Dae Won Seo
Cerebral calcification is a common incidental finding upon brain imaging and its epileptogenicity is often underestimated. Here, we report a case of intractable epilepsy arising in conjunction with a solitary cerebral calcification. A 42-year-old male with intractable epilepsy was admitted to the epilepsy clinic for invasive epilepsy surgery. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a slight high-intensity signal change in the right amygdala and a small, calcified lesion in the right lateral temporal region...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344472/status-epilepticus-as-an-unusual-manifestation-of-heat-stroke
#10
Won Gu Lee, So-Young Huh, Jin-Hyung Lee, Bong Goo Yoo, Meyung Kug Kim
Heat stroke (HS) is a medical emergency and life threatening condition, characterized by body temperature over 40°C. This can lead to dysfunction of multiple organs such as the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, blood coagulation system, and central nervous system. Neurological complications include change in consciousness, cerebellar dysfunction, convulsions, aphasia, muscular weakness, and parkinsonism. Cerebellar syndrome is the most common neurological finding in HS. We report a case of HS presenting with status epilepticus, without any other neurological manifestations...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344471/a-6-month-old-girl-with-incontinentia-pigmenti-presenting-as-status-epilepticus
#11
Moon Young Seo, Su Jeong You, Soung Hee Kim, Woo Ho Cho, Jong Hee Chae
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an uncommon neurocutaneous syndrome. Its initial diagnosis is based primarily on characteristic papulovesicular skin lesions and early-onset neonatal seizures. In contrast to typical early neurologic manifestations, we encountered a normally developed 6-month-old female patient with hyperpigmented whorls on her body. Following respiratory syncytial virus infection and fever, the patient exhibited status epilepticus. Brain magnetic resonance imaging studies of the patient were compatible with the findings of acute encephalopathy in IP...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344470/aphasic-status-epilepticus-associated-with-uremia
#12
Min-Surk Kye, Jung-Ju Lee, Byung-Kun Kim, Ohyun Kwon, Jong Moo Park, Kyusik Kang, Woong-Woo Lee
Aphasic status epilepticus (ASE) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent aphasia without impairment of other cognitive functions. A 76-year-old woman with chronic kidney disease developed ASE after neglecting peritoneal dialysis. Magnetic resonance imaging failed to demonstrate an appropriate lesion. Electroencephalography demonstrated ictal discharges in the left frontotemporal leads. ASE disappeared after intravenous valproic acid and correction of uremia. This is the first case report of ASE in a patient with acute aggravation of uremia...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344469/successful-use-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-for-refractory-nonconvulsive-status-epilepticus
#13
Do-Hyung Kim, Hye-Hoon Kang, Minjung Kim, Tae-Won Yang, Oh-Young Kwon, Jung Sook Yeom, Bong Su Kang, Yong Hwan Kim, Young-Soo Kim
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has rarely been utilized as an adjunct to anticonvulsants in treating patients with refractory convulsive status epilepticus (CSE). However, determining the effectiveness of TH in CSE is difficult due to the unavoidable use of sedative drugs to manage hypothermia. Additionally, the effectiveness of TH has not been studied in patients with refractory non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). Here, we report the successful use of TH without additional sedative drugs in a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy and refractory NCSE...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344468/levetiracetam-induced-skin-hyperpigmentation-an-extremely-rare-undesirable-side-effect
#14
Hussein Algahtani, Siham Marghalani, Mohamed Satti, Bader Shirah
Levetiracetam is one of the newer second-generation antiepileptic drugs with multiple mechanisms of action. Cutaneous side effects due to levetiracetam are rarely reported in the literature. In this article, we describe a patient with skin hyperpigmentation due to the treatment with levetiracetam with complete resolution after discontinuation of the medication. In addition, we review the topic and hypothesize the mechanism behind this rare complication. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of skin hyperpigmentation as a side effect of levetiracetam in the literature...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344467/longitudinal-change-in-thyroid-hormone-levels-in-children-with-epilepsy-on-a-ketogenic-diet-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#15
Yun-Jin Lee, Sang Ook Nam, Kyung-Min Kim, Young Mi Kim, Gyu Min Yeon
Background and Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of hypothyroidism and the change of thyroid hormone level in the children with epilepsy on a ketogenic diet (KD). Methods: The levels of serum free thyroxine (fT4) and thyroid-stimulation hormone (TSH) were measured at the start of the KD and at 6- to 12-month intervals in children with intractable epilepsy. Hypothyroidism was defined as fT4 level < 0.8 ng/dL and TSH level > 6.0 μIU/mL...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344466/comparison-of-autonomic-function-before-and-after-surgical-intervention-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#16
Navita Choudhary, Kishore K Deepak, Poodipedi S Chandra, Shalini Bhatia, Rajesh Sagar, Ashok K Jaryal, Ravindra M Pandey, Manjari Tripathi
Background and Purpose: Refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is commonly associated with imbalances in cardiovascular (CV) parasympathetic and sympathetic functions, which are treated using TLE surgery. We investigated the effect of hemispheric lateralization of seizure foci on autonomic CV functions before and after TLE surgery. Methods: The study was conducted on patients with left TLE (LTLE, n = 23) and right TLE (RTLE, n = 30) undergoing unilateral TLE surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344465/grey-and-white-matter-alterations-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-a-comprehensive-review
#17
REVIEW
Ji Hyun Kim
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) has been classified as a syndrome of idiopathic generalized epilepsy and is characterized by a strong genetic basis, age-specific onset of seizures, specific types of seizures, generalized spike-wave discharges on electroencephalography, and a lack of focal abnormality on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Recently, a wide range of advanced neuroimaging techniques have been utilized to elucidate the neuroanatomical substrates and pathophysiological mechanisms underlying JME...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344464/cannabinoids-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-hard-evidence-at-last
#18
REVIEW
Emilio Perucca
The interest in cannabis-based products for the treatment of refractory epilepsy has skyrocketed in recent years. Marijuana and other cannabis products with high content in Δ(9) - tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), utilized primarily for recreational purposes, are generally unsuitable for this indication, primarily because THC is associated with many undesired effects. Compared with THC, cannabidiol (CBD) shows a better defined anticonvulsant profile in animal models and is largely devoid of adverse psychoactive effects and abuse liability...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101484/cadasil-initially-presented-with-a-seizure
#19
Jung-Hwan Oh, Bong Su Kang, Jay Chol Choi
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary disease of the cerebral small blood vessels characterized by recurrent ischemic strokes, migraine, and progressive cognitive impairment. In patients with CADASIL, in whom subcortical white matter structures are typically involved, epileptic seizures have been rarely reported as an initial clinical symptom. We describe a patient genetically confirmed as having CADASIL who initially presented with a seizure...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101483/intermittent-theta-slowings-in-contralateral-side-of-weakness-after-sleep-deprivation-on-spot-eeg-in-sporadic-hemiplegic-migraine
#20
Chan-Hyuk Lee, Man-Wook Seo, Byoung-Soo Shin, Tae-Ho Yang, Hyun-June Shin, Han Uk Ryu
Hemiplegic migraine (HM) is an uncommon type of migraine which is classified into sporadic and familial subtype. The noticed electroencephalogram (EEG) findings during HM attack are diffuse slowing contralateral to the weakened limb, but are usually normal in asymptomatic states. A 52-year-old woman who suffered from headache accompanying right arm weakness and aphasic symptoms admitted to our hospital. She underwent total five times of EEG including 2 times before admission. Only the last EEG exam after 24 hours of sleep deprivation (SD) showed intermittent slowing and higher amplitude of positive occipital sharp transients (POSTs) on the left parieto-occipital area...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
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