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Case Reports in Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409033/aborted-sudden-cardiac-death-in-a-female-patient-presenting-with-takotsubo-like-cardiomyopathy-due-to-epicardial-coronary-vasospasm
#1
Sorin Giusca, Tom Eisele, Peter Nunninger, Benedikt Münz, Grigorios Korosoglou
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by apical ballooning of the left ventricle (LV) in the absence of relevant coronary artery stenosis, which typically occurs in elderly women after emotional stress. Catecholamine cardiotoxicity, metabolic disturbance, and coronary microvascular impairment have previously been proposed as underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms of takotsubo cardiomyopathy, whereas myocardial stunning resulting from epicardial coronary artery vasospasm is not generally accepted as a cause of takotsubo cardiomyopathy...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396806/ventricular-septal-dissection-complicating-inferior-wall-myocardial-infarction
#2
Lindsey Kalvin, Rayan Yousefzai, Bijoy K Khandheria, Timothy E Paterick, Khawaja Afzal Ammar
Postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect is an increasingly rare mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction. We present a case of acute myocardial infarction from right coronary artery occlusion that developed hypotension and systolic murmur 12 hours after successful percutaneous coronary intervention. Although preoperative imaging suggested a large ventricular septal defect and a pseudoaneurysm, intraoperative findings concluded a serpiginous dissection of the ventricular septum. The imaging technicalities are discussed...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396805/adult-onset-dysphagia-right-sided-aortic-arch-ductus-diverticulum-and-retroesophageal-ligamentum-arteriosum-comprising-an-obstructing-vascular-ring
#3
Ankur Sinha, Hitesh Raheja, Vinod Namana, Sunil Abrol, Stephan Kamholz, Vijay Shetty
A 49-year-old African American male patient with no past medical history was admitted because of 3 months of difficulty swallowing solid and liquid foods. He had constant retrosternal discomfort and appeared malnourished. The chest radiograph revealed a right sided aortic arch with tracheal deviation to the left. A swallow study confirmed a fixed esophageal narrowing at the level of T6. Contrast enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) angiogram of the chest and neck revealed a mirror image right aortic arch with a left sided cardiac apex and a prominent ductus diverticulum (measuring 1...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377824/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-with-undiscovered-sigmoid-colon-cancer
#4
Huang Po-Yen, Ku Po-Ming
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a stress-related cardiomyopathy that is characterized by reversible left systolic dysfunction, which appears to be precipitated by sudden emotional or physical stress in the absence of myocardial infarction. Here we present a rare case that clinically presented with intermittent abdominal pain, initially impressed as non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure but with a normal coronary angiogram. Her symptoms relieved spontaneously without returning...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367338/folfox-induced-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-treated-with-impella-assist-device
#5
Swethika Sundaravel, Abdulah Alrifai, Mohamad Kabach, Waqas Ghumman
Chemotherapy induced cardiotoxicity is becoming increasingly prevalent with several new agents being used recently. The incidence of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy due to 5-fluorouracil based chemotherapeutic regimens like FOLFOX is not uncommon. It is also seen with platinum based chemotherapy. Most of these patients have reversible cardiotoxicity and the cardiac function recovers within a short period with supportive treatment. Here we have a patient who presented with cardiogenic shock after 5 days of receiving FOLFOX regimen for colorectal adenocarcinoma...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367337/premature-ventricular-complex-causing-ice-pick-headache
#6
Selcuk Ozturk, Ertan Yetkin
Ice pick headache is a momentary, transient, repetitive headache disorder and manifests with the stabbing pains and jolts. The exact mechanism causing this disease is unknown. Premature ventricular contractions are early depolarization of the ventricular myocardium and in the absence of a structural heart disease, it is considered to be a benign disease. In this report, we describe a male patient presenting with the symptom of momentary headache attacks accompanied with instant chest pain which is associated with premature ventricular contraction...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352480/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-an-extremely-tortuous-s-shaped-aorta
#7
Shuangbo Liu, Olga Toleva, Amir Ravandi, Zlatko Pozeg, Alan Menkis, Malek Kass
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an alternative technique to treating aortic stenosis in patients with high surgical risk. We present a case of a successful transfemoral TAVI in a high-risk patient with an extremely tortuous iliofemoral system and a significant S-type bend in the descending aorta. With careful preprocedure planning and using all the techniques available, TAVI can be performed in the most challenging patients.
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348898/conventional-coronary-angiography-induced-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-complicated-with-cardiac-tamponade
#8
Min Gyu Kang, Kye-Hwan Kim, Jin-Sin Koh, Young-Hoon Jeong, Jin-Yong Hwang, Jeong Rang Park
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a transient left ventricular dysfunction that typically occurs after emotional or physical stress. TCM has a benign prognosis and serious complications are uncommon. However, though very rarely reported, cardiac tamponade has occurred on some occasions. We hereby report the case of a 70-year-old woman who underwent coronary angiography with an ergonovine provocation test to evaluate recurrent chest pain and was readmitted 7 days later presenting with TCM, followed by left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and cardiac tamponade...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348897/ace-inhibitor-induced-angioedema-following-cervical-spine-surgery
#9
Faris Hannoodi, Hussam Sabbagh
Angioedema is a well-known side effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi). However, ACE inhibitors induced angioedema after cervical surgery is a rare condition. They result in increased levels of circulating bradykinins. Rare cases of angioedema following local trauma in patients using ACE inhibitors have been published. We present such a case. A 54-year-old Caucasian female with a history significant for hypertension, controlled with lisinopril, was admitted for routine cervical spine surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337347/myocardial-infarction-after-endoscopic-removal-of-foreign-body
#10
Carola Maraboto, Florentino Lupercio, Ileana L Piña
The development of cardiac complications during or after endoscopic procedures is rare. However, mortality from myocardial ischemia, particularly in the elderly population, is elevated. We illustrate the rare case of a 79-year-old man with multiple cardiovascular risk factors who developed a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) after endoscopic removal of a foreign body. This case report summarizes a rare complication of a low-risk procedure and highlights the importance of considering this potential adverse event, particularly in patients with significant cardiovascular risk factors, to promote early diagnosis and proper treatment...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326201/hyperkalemia-induced-brugada-phenocopy-a-rare-ecg-manifestation
#11
Muhammad Ameen, Ghulam Akbar, Naeem Abbas, Ghazi Mirrani
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited disorder of cardiac ion channels characterized by peculiar ECG findings predisposing individuals to ventricular arrhythmias, syncope, and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Various electrolyte disturbances and ion channels blocking drugs could also provoke BrS ECG findings without genetic BrS. Clinical differentiation and recognition are essential for guiding the legitimate action. Hyperkalemia is well known to cause a wide variety of ECG manifestations. Severe hyperkalemia can even cause life threatening ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac conduction abnormalities...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321341/singleton-merten-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-early-onset-aortic-stenosis
#12
Harshavardhan Ghadiam, Sudhir Mungee
Singleton Merten syndrome (SMS) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder with variable expression. Its characteristic features include abnormal aortic calcification, abnormal ossification of extremities, and dental anomalies. We present a young man with dyspnea who was noted to have aortic stenosis in the background of glaucoma, psoriasis, dental anomalies, hand and foot deformities, Achilles tendinitis, osteopenia, and nephrolithiasis. The conglomeration of features led to the diagnosis of SMS. His mother had a very similar phenotype...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321340/right-ventricular-compression-mimicking-brugada-like-electrocardiogram-in-a-patient-with-recurrent-pectus-excavatum
#13
Jinhee Ahn, Jong-Il Choi, Jaemin Shim, Sung Ho Lee, Young-Hoon Kim
Pectus excavatum (PE), the most common skeletal anomaly of chest wall, sometimes requires a surgical correction but recurrent PE is not uncommon. PE usually has a benign course; however, this chest deformity may be associated with symptomatic tachyarrhythmias due to mechanical compression. We report a case of a patient with recurrent PE after surgical correction presenting with palpitation and electrocardiogram (ECG) showing ST-segment elevation on the right precordial leads, which could be mistaken for a Brugada syndrome (BrS)...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316844/aspergillus-pericarditis-with-tamponade-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#14
Sylvia Biso, Rapeepat Lekkham, Antoinette Climaco
Aspergillus pericarditis is a rare and life-threatening infection in immunosuppressed patients. It has nonspecific clinical manifestations that often mimic other disease entities especially in patients who have extensive comorbidities. Diagnosis is oftentimes delayed and rarely done antemortem. A high degree of suspicion in immunocompromised patients is necessary for evaluation and timely diagnosis. This is a case of Aspergillus pericarditis with cardiac tamponade in a renal transplant patient with liver cirrhosis...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261505/augmenting-function-for-infarction-from-infection-impella-2-5-for-ischemic-cardiogenic-shock-complicating-sepsis
#15
Praveen George, Mukta C Srivastava, Jonathan Ludmir, Robert M Reed, Semhar Z Tewelde, Anuj Gupta, Michael T McCurdy
Cardiac dysfunction is a common complication of sepsis in individuals with preexisting coronary disease and portends a poor prognosis when progressing to ischemic cardiogenic shock. In this setting, maximal medical therapy in isolation is often inadequate to maintain cardiac output for patients who are poor candidates for immediate revascularization. Furthermore, the use of vasopressors and inotropes increases myocardial demand and may lead to further injury. Percutaneous ventricular assist devices provide a viable option for management of severe shock with multiorgan failure...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255467/type-1-kounis-syndrome-in-patient-with-idiopathic-anaphylaxis
#16
Tajda Keber, Jana Makuc, Gregor Sekavčnik
Kounis syndrome represents the concurrence of acute coronary syndromes or anginal pain with allergic, hypersensitivity, and anaphylactic reactions. It can be associated with normal coronary angiogram or preexistent coronary pathology. Idiopathic anaphylaxis is defined as anaphylaxis without any identifiable precipitating agent or event. We present a case of male who experienced attacks of dyspnoea, hypoxemia, hypotension, purple-red skin, and chest pain over several years. He was diagnosed with idiopathic anaphylaxis...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246560/saddle-pulmonary-embolism-with-thrombus-in-transit-across-a-patent-foramen-ovale
#17
Fitzgerald Shepherd, Ashley White-Stern, Oloruntobi Rahaman, Damian Kurian, Karen Simon
This is the case of a 25-year-old obese man who presented with acute shortness of breath, chest pain, and palpitations. Of note, he lives a sedentary lifestyle and was recently hospitalized for incision and drainage of a left foot abscess. On presentation he was tachypnoeic, tachycardiac, and hypoxic but blood pressure was stable. Laboratory studies were significant for elevated D-dimer and mildly increased troponin. On further investigation he was found to have a saddle pulmonary embolism with massive clot burden...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246559/ticagrelor-associated-heart-block-the-need-for-close-and-continued-monitoring
#18
Munish Sharma, Daniel A N Mascarenhas
Ticagrelor is an antiplatelet agent prescribed to prevent the development of adverse cardiac events after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). According to the PLATO trial, ticagrelor is associated with ventricular pauses in the first week of treatment; however, these episodes were felt to be asymptomatic and nonfatal to the patient. We present a case of ticagrelor related second-degree type II heart block causing severe dizziness and diaphoresis that resolved after discontinuation of the medication.
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203465/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-normal-coronary-arteries-after-consuming-energy-drinks
#19
S Michael Gharacholou, Nkechinyere Ijioma, Emma Banwart, Freddy Del Carpio Munoz
The use of energy drinks, which often contain stimulants, is common among young persons, yet there have been few reports of adverse cardiac events. We report the case of a 27-year-old man who was admitted to our facility with an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the setting of using energy drinks. Angiography revealed no obstructive coronary disease. The patient had elevation of cardiac troponin. Noninvasive testing with echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated both abnormalities in resting wall motion at the anterior apex along with late gadolinium enhancement of the anterior wall, respectively...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197345/ventricular-tachycardia-originating-from-moderator-band-new-perspective-on-catheter-ablation
#20
Jin-Yi Li, Jing-Bo Jiang, Yan He, Jian-Chun Luo, Guo-Qiang Zhong
A 59-year-old woman was referred to the institution with burdens of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (IVT). Electroanatomic mapping revealed a complex fractionated, high frequency potential with long duration preceding the QRS onset of the IVT. The real end point of ablation was the disappearance of the conduction block of Purkinje potential during the sinus rhythm besides the disappearance of the inducible tachycardia. Location of distal catheter was at the moderator band (MB) by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
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