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Journal of Surgical Case Reports

Alexander Kohler, Thilo Welsch, Anne-Kathrin Sturm, Gustavo B Baretton, Christoph Reissfelder, Jürgen Weitz, Carina Riediger
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/jscr/rjy068.].
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Haneen Al-Maghrabi, Abdelrazak Meliti
We report a rare case of 42-year-old female patient with bilateral primary ovarian Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Primary BLs are rare ovarian oncology neoplasms. Only few cases are reported in English literature, most of them are presented in pediatric and young adult age groups. Rare cases are reported in adult females. Although BL is a rare primary ovarian neoplasm, it is very important to establish an accurate diagnosis as early as possible for therapeutic purposes.
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Araya Zaesim, Viva Nguyen, Charles S Scarborough
Breast cancer in males represents a small proportion of all cancers diagnosed. Pure ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a low-grade form of breast cancer, is even more rare in male patients. We present a case of a 47-year-old male patient with a tender breast lump that was noted for 6 months. He was subsequently found to have a low grade, pure micropapillary and cribriform type DCIS with no evidence of invasive disease. Current literature does not provide distinct guidelines regarding management of male breast cancer, and it is currently managed in a similar fashion to female breast cancer...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Basmah A Rafie, Omar J AbuHamdan, Nawal S Trengganu, Badr H Althebyani, Bassam S Almatrafi
A wandering spleen is a condition characterized by excessive splenic mobility due to the mal-development or the laxity of its ligaments that leads to migration from its normal anatomical location. This condition renders its long mobile vascular pedicle liable to torsion and occasional infarction. Herein, we report a case of a 27-year-old nulliparous woman who presented with acute abdominal pain and a tender right-sided pelvi-abdominal mass. CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a torted, infarcted wandering spleen with portal hypertension and mesenteric varices that mandated an emergency splenectomy...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Rémy Liechti, Lana Fourie, Stefan Fischli, Jürg Metzger
Lymphangiomas (LAs) are rare benign tumors of the lymphatic vessels. In total, 95% of all reported LAs are located in the head, neck and the mediastinum. LAs of the adrenal gland are very rare and currently, only ~54 cases have been reported in literature. We present a case of a big left-sided adrenal LA. Abdominal imaging revealed a big cystic lesion in the left upper abdomen of unknown origin. For diagnostic and therapeutic reasons we performed explorative midline laparotomy. The left adrenal gland was found to be the origin of the cystic tumor...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Jordan W Greer, William C Beck, Avi Bhavaraju, Ben Davis, Mary K Kimbrough, Joseph Jensen, Anna Privratsky, Ronald Robertson, John R Taylor, Kevin W Sexton
A 30-year-old male presented to an outside facility with acute pancreatitis and triglycerides of 1594. He was transferred to our facility after becoming febrile, hypoxic and in acute renal failure with triglycerides of 4243. CT scan performed showed wall-off pancreatic necrosis. He underwent continuous renal replacement therapy and his acute renal failure resolved. He was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and discharged. He developed a fever to 101 a week later and was found to have a large infected pancreatic pseudocyst...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Rachel E Martin, Mark K Soliman
Colonoscopic polypectomy reduces the risk of colon cancer development by interrupting the adenoma to carcinoma progression. A variety of techniques are available to perform polypectomy including the use of forceps or snare device with or without electrocautery. While forceps polypectomy tends to be the procedure of choice for small polyps, snare polypectomy has been found to be the preferred method for removal of polyps 1 cm or greater in size. The two most common post-polypectomy complications are bleeding and perforation...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Adam Loutfy, Sugam Vasani
Locally advancement of right colon cancer to the surrounding organs requiring surgical intervention is an extensive procedure associated with numerous risks. There are not many cases of which this phenomenon may occur. En bloc pancreaticoduodenectomy and resection of involved viscera should be considered for patients who can appropriately undergo this exhaustive surgery. Our objective is to report the experience we had with this patient who underwent an en bloc pancreaticoduodenectomy and right hemicolectomy and review literature...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Enrico Coppola Bottazzi, Adele Noviello, Nicola Moles, Antonio Miro, Augusto Striano, Mario Baiamonte, Francesco Esposito, Francesco Crafa
Introduction: Merkel cell carcinomas (MCC) is an aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma originating from the Merkel cell in the dermo-epidermal junction. Only 10% of MCC occur on the skin of the trunk. Case report: We report a case of Merkel's abdominal carcinomas treated with extensive inguinal lymphadenectomy and reconstruction of the abdominal wall and inguinal canal using prosthesis GORE® BIO-A® . Discussion: Immunohistochemical analysis by tumor-specific markers is crucial for diagnosis and permits differentiation from other tumors of the skin...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Roy Hajjar, Frank Schwenter, Shih-Hann Su, Marie-Christine Gasse, Herawaty Sebajang
Raoultella ornithinolytica and Raoultella planticola are histamine-producing bacteria that are usually found in fish and water. They are associated with scombroid syndrome that presents with vomiting and flushing. A wide range of infections with these germs is reported, but mainly in fragile hospitalized patients with multiple comorbidities. We report the case of a 54-year-old healthy patient who presented with 24-hours abdominal pain, vomiting, flushing and shock. The abdominal examination showed guarding in the right lower quadrant (RLQ), and the abdominal CT scan images showed a thickened terminal ileum and a distended appendix...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Eleftheria Mavrigiannaki, Ioannis Fesatidis, Evgenia Kalogridaki, Ioannis-Petros Katralis, Dimitrios Filippou, Panagiotis Skandalakis, Dionisios Vrochides
Formation of tumor thrombus is an occasional manifestation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Intravascular invasion of the renal vein and thereafter the inferior vena cava (IVC) might in very rare cases extend into the cardiac chambers. The subtle course and symptoms of such cases alongside with the engagement of vital anatomical structures marks them as a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Aggressive surgical intervention has proven to be critical for survival rates in such cases; however total synchronous resection remains a challenge for the surgical team and a debate for the medical community...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Diganta Kakaty, Katharina Mueller, Falk Weippert, Roland Zengaffinen
About 2.8% of patients develop small bowel obstruction, mostly following an open approach appendectomy. CASE REPORT: we present an 18-year-old girl with acute abdomen 10 days following laparoscopic appendectomy. An emergency laparotomy was performed which revealed bowel necrosis and an impacted slipped clip on the mesenterial side of the bowel with signs of bowel strangulation and necrosis. Bowel resection was carried out with primary enteroenteric anastomosis. We suspect the sharp ends of the open clip allowed it to become lodged in the bowel segment resulting in bowel obstruction and subsequent necrosis...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Khuram Khan, Saqib Saeed, Amrita Persaud, Mohammad Sbeih, Sanjiv Gray, Leaque Ahmed
Adult intussusception is a rare complication after laparoscopic Roux-En-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Incidence of intussusception is on the rise as the demand of bariatric surgeries is increased to treat morbid obesity. Among the bariatric surgeries, LRYGB gastric bypass results in significantly higher weight loss with thinning of the mesentery resulting in increased risk for intussusception. Majority of intussusception cases after gastric bypass have been reported in non-pregnant patients. We report a case of retrograde jejunojejunal intussusception in 6 weeks pregnant female following laparoscopic gastric bypass, which was diagnosed with abdominal magnetic resonance imaging and managed successfully with resection and revision of the anastomosis...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Tatsuya Okamoto, Akane Sekiya, Tomoo Daifu, Ryuichiro Doi, Hisato Kobayashi
Gastrointestinal Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive malignancy in childhood, and early treatment is critical for its favorable prognosis. Ultrasonography is a widely accepted initial imaging workup; therefore, recognition of the sonographic features of BL should contribute to its early diagnosis and initiation of treatment. We present a 4-year-old boy with primary jejunal BL with intussusception mimicking presentation, in which initial abdominal US allowed sustainable detection and characterization of the intestinal lesion...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Anteneh Tadesse Kifle, Samuel Tesfaye
Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is one of the most common acute surgical conditions that needs immediate innervation to prevent the morbidity and mortality associated with it. The common causes of SBO are different in developed and developing nations. Well-versed knowledge of the rare causes of SBO including its option of management is necessary. In this article, we present a case of an acute SBO secondary to Appendico-ileal knotting. The diagnostic difficulty and the options of management are discussed.
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Noel Ramdwar, Daniel Cox, Thair Aldujaili
Ileostomy formation is a fundamental component in the surgical management of many gastrointestinal diseases and like all intra-abdominal surgeries, small bowel obstruction is a recognized complication. In this paper we discuss a case of a 44-year-old female who previously had a loop ileostomy for slow bowel transit in the presence of spinal bifida. She presented for subsequent total colectomy because of ongoing pain due to chronic colonic dilation. At surgery, the stoma was not revised and the efferent loop was divided at the peritoneal level of the anterior abdominal wall...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Paola Eiben, Sancho Rodriguez-Villar
Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis (PNF) is a severe suppurative infection of the subcutaneous tissue and underlying fascia of the periorbital region. Typically, the course of PNF is milder and has a better prognosis than that of necrotizing fasciitis in other parts of the body. As such, this disease is thought to be associated with a significantly smaller risk of morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, it is a rare and devastating condition that can lead to disfigurement, blindness and death. Early recognition is critical to improved patient outcomes...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Rauf Shahbazov, Michael Fox, Jennifer L Alejo, Malik A Anjum, Feredun Azari, Alden Doyle, Avinash Agarwal, Kenneth L Brayman
Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by muscle cell death which can result in acute kidney injury from pigment nephropathy. We present a patient who developed rhabdomyolysis immediately after deceased donor kidney transplantation surgery and was managed with continuous renal replacement therapy that resulted in successful salvage of the kidney allograft. Patients who develop acute kidney failure requiring renal replacement therapy generally have a poor prognosis. It is worth noting that while continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVHF) offers greater volume support and continuous clearance compared to hemodialysis (HD), recent studies have demonstrated no clinically significant improvement in clinical outcome between the two...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Deepak Samson, Matthew Jones, Andrew Mahon
Fractures of the trapezium are rare and easily missed. As these injuries are often imperceptible on plain radiographs, diagnosis in the ED setting is challenging. We report a case of an isolated fracture of the trapezium which was picked up as a non-union 5 months after the injury following persistence of symptoms.
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Athanasios Syllaios, Antonios Koutras, Prokopis A Zotos, Sofia Koura, Pavlos Machairoudias, Anastasia Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Bourganos, Aristotelis Liakos
Colovaginal and colo-ovarian fistulas are rare entities that could be attributed to diverticular disease after an episode of acute diverticulitis. Τhey could initially be manifested with symptoms that lead patients to the gynecologist. Gynecologists should consider them in the differential diagnosis, especially after recurrent episodes of sinusitis. We report the case of a 51-year-old woman with a colovaginal and a colo-ovarian fistula due to subclinical diverticular disease, which should be involved in the differential diagnosis in those complicated fistulas, even if the patient had never before a clinical episode of acute diverticulitis or known diverticular disease, and a successful surgical approach...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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