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Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255586/vaccination-of-hepatitis-a-to-do-or-not-to-do
#1
Seyed Farshad Allameh, Morteza Daraie, Reza Taslimi, Nader Roshan, Najmeh Aletaha, Mohsen Nasiri Toosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255585/chest-pain-and-alternate-dysphagia
#2
Mosayeb Moradniani, Zaker Salehi, Zia Obeidavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255584/non-parasitic-splenic-cyst
#3
Anahita Sadeghi, Zeinab Naderpour, Mahbube Ebrahimpur, Hiva Saffar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255583/pancreatic-tuberculosis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Mahsa Abbaszadeh, Jalal Rezai, Mehrdad Hasibi, Mehrdad Larry, Mohammad Reza Ostovaneh, Sanam Javidanbardan, Seyed Amir Mirbagheri
Pancreatic tuberculosis is extremely rare and its clinical and radiological findings are similar to those of pancreatic malignancy. The diagnosis of pancreatic tuberculosis is not usually made prior to surgery. Here, we report a case of pancreatic tuberculosis, presented with abdominal pain and weight loss. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 62 mm × 32 mm septate solid-cystic mass in the pancreatic head area with extension into the hilum of the liver. There was no evidence of inflammation or pancreatitis...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255582/ulcerative-colitis-following-orthotopic-cardiac-transplantation
#5
Anahita Sadeghi, Pouya Bastani, Mehdi Mohamadnejad
Inflammatory bowel disease following a solid organ transplantation while the patient is receiving immunosuppressive therapy is a rare phenomenon. Here we present a 48-year-old man who underwent cardiac transplantation 9 years earlier and was receiving cyclosporine as immunosuppressive therapy since then, presenting with complaints of rectorrhagia and diarrhea. In follow-up, he was diagnosed as having ulcerative colitis. We also reviewed the literature for similar cases, which yielded very few similar ones.
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255581/the-association-between-modulating-inflammatory-cytokines-and-constipation-of-geriatrics-in-iran
#6
Marjan Mokhtare, Rahele Alimoradzadeh, Shahram Agah, Hossein Mirmiranpour, Niloofar Khodabandehloo
BACKGROUND The effect of changes in intestinal microbiota on constipation is contraversial. Constipation is more prevalent in elderly. Therefore, the current study was designed to assess the role of modulating inflammatory cytokines in old age patients with constipation by evaluating the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-l), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). METHODS This case-control study was done on 100 participants, aged 65 years or higher, with and without functional constipation according to ROME III criteria (50 participants in each group)...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255580/comparison-of-intermittent-and-bolus-enteral-feeding-methods-on-enteral-feeding-intolerance-of-patients-with-sepsis-a-triple-blind-controlled-trial-in-intensive-care-units
#7
Morteza Nasiri, Zahra Farsi, Mojtaba Ahangari, Fahimeh Dadgari
BACKGROUND Recent trials have shown controversial results on which enteral feeding methods has a lower risk of enteral feeding intolerance. Therefore, we aimed to compare two methods of bolus and intermittent feeding on enteral feeding intolerance of patients with sepsis. METHODS This triple-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on 60 patients with sepsis, who were fed through tubes for at least 3 days. The patients were randomly assigned into bolus feeding, intermittent feeding, and control groups...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255579/bowel-preparation-for-a-better-colonoscopy-using-polyethylene-glycol-or-c-lax-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Rose Khorasanynejad, Alireza Norouzi, Gholamreza Roshandel, Sima Besharat
BACKGROUND Ideal bowel preparation regimen for a suitable colonoscopy should be safe, and well tolerated, and should rapidly clear gastrointestinal tract. Soluble polyethylene glycol (PEG) is the most common cleansing drug and Senna or C-Lax (Cassia angustifolia Vahl) is an alternative herbal one. This study was designed to compare the efficacy of PEG and C-lax in bowel preparation. METHODS In this randomized double blind trial (registry number in IRCT.ir: IRCT201601161264N7), 320 patients were randomly assigned in PEG or C-lax groups...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255578/impact-of-propranolol-on-preventing-renal-dysfunction-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#9
Kambiz Akhavan Rezayat, Abbas Ali Zeraati, Masoud Pezeshki Rad, Jalal Chogan, Najmeh Davoudian, Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Seyed Mousalreza Hoseini
BACKGROUND One of the earliest diagnostic signs of hepatorenal syndrome in patients suffering from liver cirrhosis is an increase in the renal vascular resistive index (RI). In this study, the impact of propranolol on decreasing this index and to postpone the probability of hepatorenal syndrome has been investigated. METHODS In the current research, 30 patients with liver cirrhosis with different age and sexes have been enrolled. Demographic data and complete medical history have been collected using a specific questionnaire...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255577/anatomical-variations-of-the-biliary-tree-found-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholagiopancreatography-in-a-referral-center-in-southern-iran
#10
Seyed Alireza Taghavi, Ramin Niknam, Seyed Ehsan Alavi, Fardad Ejtehadi, Gholam Reza Sivandzadeh, Ahad Eshraghian
BACKGROUND Anatomical variations in the biliary system have been proven to be of clinical importance. Awareness of the pattern of these variations in a specific population may help to prevent and manage biliary injuries during surgical and endoscopic procedures. Knowledge of the biliary anatomy will be also of great help in planning the drainage of adequate percentage of liver parenchyma in endoscopic or radiological procedures. METHODS All consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) from April 2013 to April 2015 at Nemazee Hospital, a referral center in the south of Iran, were included in this cross-sectional study...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255576/improving-quality-of-care-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#11
REVIEW
Mehdi Saberifiroozi
Liver cirrhosis is a major chronic disease in the field of digestive diseases. It causes more than one million deaths per year. Despite established evidence based guidelines, the adherence to standard of care or quality indicators are variable. Complete adherence to the recommendations of guidelines is less than 50%. To improve the quality of care in patients with cirrhosis, we need a more holistic view. Because of high rate of death due to cardiovascular disease and neoplasms, the care of comorbid conditions and risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, high blood sugar or cholesterol, would be important in addition to the management of primary liver disease...
October 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894523/correlation-between-cut-off-level-of-tissue-transglutaminase-antibody-and-marsh-classification
#12
Sumeet Kaur, Seema Gupta, Bela Goyal, Jasbinder Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894522/multilocular-cystic-mass-located-in-epigastric-region-and-right-area-of-the-abdomen-in-an-old-man
#13
Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Alireza Gharibpoor, Farahnaz Joukar, Sara Mavaddati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894521/a-large-intracolonic-mass-in-a-patient-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#14
Ran Wang, Xingshun Qi, Xiaodong Shao, Xiaozhong Guo
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is characterized by scattered black pigmentations on fingers and lips and multiple polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. Patients with PJS often have severe complications secondary to multiple large polyps. Herein, we present a young woman complicated with a large polyp in her colon without any clinical symptoms. We also emphasized the necessity of early diagnosis and treatment of multiple polyps in such patients.
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894520/cocoon-peritonitis-secondary-to-perforated-appendicitis
#15
Pezhman Alavinejad, Elena Lak, Masoumeh Khedri
A young man was admitted due to gastrointestinal obstruction and was diagnosed as having cocoon peritonitis secondary to perforated appendicitis. He suffered from small intestine partial obstruction because of multiple adhesion bands whose obstructive symptoms completely resolved after single balloon enteroscopy. So balloon enteroscopy could be offered as a therapeutic option for partial small intestine obstruction.
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894519/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-kermanshah-iran
#16
Mehdi Zobeiri, Homayoon Bashiri, Lotfollah Askari, Ali Asghar Keshavars, Ramin Tavvafzadeh, Kiomars Fatahi, Farid Najafi
BACKGROUND This study was done to define some epidemiological aspects of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and to describe its characteristics in west of Iran. METHODS In this descriptive study all patient with the diagnosis of IBD who were visited in universityaffiliated medical centers, between 2014 and 2015 were recruited. Their demographic characteristics, disease-related manifestations, complications, disease course and their chief complaints were analyzed. RESULTS Of 156 referred individuals, 153 patients had ulcerative colitis (UC) and 3 patients had Crohn's diseases (CD)...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894518/assessment-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-3-methylation-in-iranian-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#17
Massoud Houshmand, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan, Mohammad Amin Kerachian
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common cancer that results in outstanding morbidity and mortality worldwide. DNA methylation is one of the most important epigenetic events that is thought to occur during the early stages of oncogenic transformation especially in CRC. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hypermethylation of bone morphogenetic protein 3 (BMP3) in tissue samples is implicated in Iranian patients with CRC. METHODS From fresh frozen tissue samples of 30 patients with CRC, the DNA was isolated, treated with sodium bisulfite and analyzed by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction with primers specific for methylated or unmethylated promoter sequences of the BMP3 gene...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894517/effects-of-probiotic-and-prebiotic-supplementation-on-leptin-adiponectin-and-glycemic-parameters-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Vahideh Behrouz, Shima Jazayeri, Naheed Aryaeian, Mohamad Javad Zahedi, Fatemeh Hosseini
BACKGROUND According to previous studies, probiotic and prebiotic supplementation have desirable effects on glycemic parameters. Thus far, the effect of supplementation on the glycemic parameters and adipokines in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has not been assessed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of supplementation with probiotic and prebiotic on adiokines and glycemic parameters in the patients with NAFLD. METHODS In the present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 89 patients with NAFLD were randomly divided into three groups to receive one probiotic capsule + 16 g/d maltodextrin (probiotic group) or 16 g/d oligofructose powder + one placebo capsule (prebiotic group), and one placebo capsule + 16 g/d maltodextrin (control group) for 12 weeks...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894516/menstrual-and-reproductive-factors-and-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-women
#19
Sahar Masoudi, Zahra Momayez Sanat, Altun Mahmud Saleh, Neda Nozari, Neda Ghamarzad, Akram Pourshams
BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a deadly disease with a 5-year survival of less than 5%. Worldwide PC incidence rates are lower among women than men. While this suggests a protective role for steroid hormones in PC risk, results from epidemiological studies are not consistent. METHODS 153 new incident PC cases and 202 controls were recruited from a prospective case-control study, running in a referral center for endoscopic ultrasonography during 2011-2017. A structured valid and reliable questionnaire was used for data collection by a few trained interviewers...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894515/association-of-gastrointestinal-functional-disorders-and-migraine-headache-a-population-base-study
#20
Kamran B Lankarani, Maryam Akbari, Reza Tabrizi
BACKGROUND Migraine is one of the prevalent headaches. Many of patients with migraine, complain of gastrointestinal symptoms. There is limited studies on relation of gastrointestinal symptoms and migraine headache at population level. METHODS In this population-based study, 1038 subjects older than 15 year from a rural area in Fars province, south of Iran. were investigated for functional gastrointestinal disorders. By cluster random sampling, 160 of these persons invited to receive endoscopy along with histopathology samples of upper gastrointestinal tract...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
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