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Journal of Movement Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950688/patients-and-their-caregivers-burdens-for-parkinson-s-disease-in-korea
#1
Jong Sam Baik, Joong-Seok Kim, Seong-Beom Koh, Jin Whan Cho, Phil Hyu Lee, Hyeo-Il Ma, Yun Joong Kim, Tae-Beom Ahn, Sang Jin Kim, Yong Duk Kim, Seong-Min Choi, Ho-Won Lee, Hee Tae Kim
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) suffer from motor and non-motor symptoms. According to these variable symptoms of PD, patients or caregivers have a poorer quality of life than patients with other neurodegenerative diseases. Since the difficulties are varied for all patients, prioritizing their difficulties differs among all cases. The goal of this study was to investigate the burdens of PD among the caregivers as well as patients and to identify areas requiring aid from the government...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950687/oculodentodigital-dysplasia-presenting-as-spastic-paraparesis-the-first-genetically-confirmed-korean-case-and-a-literature-review
#2
Kye Won Park, Ho-Sung Ryu, Juyeon Kim, Sun Ju Chung
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by mutations of the human gap junction alpha 1 gene, which encodes the protein Connexin-43. Patients with ODDD may present with neurological deficits with a typical pleiotropic combination of characteristic craniofacial, ophthalmological, phalangeal, and dental anomalies. In this report, we describe the first genetically confirmed Korean ODDD patient, who presented with spastic paraparesis. We will also review the neurological aspects of ODDD as reported in the literature...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950686/sleepiness-and-depression-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-treated-with-ropinirole-and-levodopa
#3
Suk Yun Kang, Ho-Sung Ryu, Mun-Kyung Sunwoo, Sang-Jin Kim, Jong-Sam Baik, Mee-Young Park, Hyung-Eun Park, Joong-Seok Kim, Kyum-Yil Kwon, Seong-Beom Koh, Young-Eun Kim, Mi-Kyong Lee, Jong-Min Kim, Sun Ju Chung, Young-Ho Sohn
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of ropinirole on excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and depression in Parkinson's disease (PD) with a large population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study at nine hospitals in Korea between April 24, 2013, and April 22, 2015. We analyzed the demographic and clinical features, other medical history, history of antiparkinsonian medication within 6 months, Hoehn and Yahr stage (HY stage), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) part II and III, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30)...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950685/need-for-registration-and-reporting-of-acupuncture-trials-in-parkinson-s-disease-in-korea
#4
Timothy E Lee, Aryun Kim, Mihee Jang, Beomseok Jeon
OBJECTIVE: Many people dealing with Parkinson's disease (PD) turn to complementary and alternative medicine when searching for a cure or relief from symptoms. Acupuncture is widely used in the Korean PD population to alleviate symptoms and in hopes of curing the illness. However, acupuncture use for PD patients has only recently begun to be studied scientifically and is still considered an unproven treatment for PD. Therefore, there is an urgent need for acupuncture to be studied, validated and used for PD...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889721/spinal-myoclonus-responding-to-continuous-intrathecal-morphine-pump
#5
Jung-Eun Ahn, Dallah Yoo, Ki-Young Jung, Jong-Min Kim, Beomseok Jeon, Myung Chong Lee
Spinal myoclonus is a sudden, brief, and involuntary movement of segmental or propriospinal muscle groups. Spinal myoclonus has occasionally been reported in patients undergoing opioid therapy, but the pathophysiology of opioid-induced myoclonus has not been elucidated yet. Here, we present two patients with spinal segmental myoclonus secondary to ischemic and radiation myelopathy. Conventional medications did not help treat persistent myoclonus in both legs. Continuous intrathecal morphine infusion was implanted for pain control in one patient, which relieved spinal myoclonus entirely...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889720/presynaptic-dopaminergic-degeneration-in-a-patient-with-beta-propeller-protein-associated-neurodegeneration-documented-by-dopamine-transporter-positron-emission-tomography-images-a-case-report
#6
Min Ki Kim, Nan Young Kim, Sangkyoon Hong, Hyeo-Il Ma, Yun Joong Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851210/a-comparative-study-of-central-hemodynamics-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Joong Hyun Park, Sang Won Han, Jong Sam Baik
OBJECTIVE: To explore the central aortic pressure in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We investigated central arterial stiffness by measurement of the augmentation index (AIx) in PD patients. Patients were eligible for the study if they were de novo PD and 45 years of age or older. The patients' demographics, vascular risk factors, and neurologic examinations were collected at baseline. The AIx was measured by applanation tonometry. RESULTS: A total of 147 subjects (77 in control and 70 in PD groups) were enrolled in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851209/quantitative-gait-analysis-in-patients-with-huntington-s-disease
#8
Seon Jong Pyo, Hanjun Kim, Il Soo Kim, Young-Min Park, Mi-Jung Kim, Hye Mi Lee, Seong-Beom Koh
OBJECTIVE: Gait disturbance is the main factor contributing to a negative impact on quality of life in patients with Huntington's disease (HD). Understanding gait features in patients with HD is essential for planning a successful gait strategy. The aim of this study was to investigate temporospatial gait parameters in patients with HD compared with healthy controls. METHODS: We investigated 7 patients with HD. Diagnosis was confirmed by genetic analysis, and patients were evaluated with the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS)...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782342/-hummingbird-sign-in-a-patient-with-guam-parkinsonism-dementia-complex
#9
Tianrong Yeo, Louis Cs Tan
We present a case of a 71-year-old male Chamorro patient from Guam who presented with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)-Richardson's syndrome. Considering his strong family history of parkinsonism and a PSP phenotype, he was clinically diagnosed with Guam parkinsonism-dementia complex (PDC). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed prominent midbrain atrophy with preserved pontine volume, forming the 'hummingbird' sign, which has not been described before in Guam PDC. Molecular analysis of the chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 gene (C9orf72) showed only 6 GGGGCC repeats...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782341/genetic-screening-for-spinocerebellar-ataxia-genes-in-a-japanese-single-hospital-cohort
#10
Ryuji Sakakibara, Fuyuki Tateno, Masahiko Kishi, Yohei Tsuyusaki, Yosuke Aiba, Hitoshi Terada, Tsutomu Inaoka, Setsu Sawai, Satoshi Kuwabara, Fumio Nomura
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of sporadic cerebellar ataxia is a challenge for neurologists. A wide range of potential causes exist, including chronic alcohol use, multiple system atrophy of cerebellar type (MSA-C), and sporadic late cortical cerebellar atrophy. Recently, an autosomal-dominant spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) mutation was identified in a cohort of patients with non-MSA-C sporadic cerebellar ataxia. The aim of this study is to genetically screen genes involved in SCA in a Japanese single-hospital cohort...
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704983/a-patient-with-recurrent-dyskinesia-and-hyperpyrexia-syndrome
#11
Min Seok Baek, Hyung Woo Lee, Chul Hyoung Lyoo
Dyskinesia hyperpyrexia syndrome is a rare medical emergency in Parkinson's disease. It is characterized by continuous dyskinesia associated with hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, and alteration of the mental state. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman who presented with recurrent dyskinesia hyperpyrexia syndrome. Although some provocation factors and clinical manifestations seem to be shared with parkinsonism hyperpyrexia syndrome, a clear distinction in management should be considered.
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704982/liquid-levodopa-carbidopa-old-solution-forgotten-complication
#12
Nirosen Vijiaratnam, Shuli Cheng, Kelly Lucinda Bertram, David Richard Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479587/structure-distribution-and-genetic-profile-of-%C3%AE-synuclein-and-their-potential-clinical-application-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Xiaoli Si, Jiali Pu, Baorong Zhang
Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease, is characterized by the loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons. PD leads to a series of clinical symptoms, including motor and non-motor disturbances. α-synuclein, the major component of Lewy bodies, is a hallmark lesion in PD. In this review, we concentrate on presenting the latest research on the structure, distribution, and function of α-synuclein, and its interactions with PD. We also summarize the clinic applications of α-synuclein, which suggest its use as a biomarker, and the latest progress in α-synuclein therapy...
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479586/comparison-of-pallidal-and-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-therapeutic-and-adverse-effects
#14
Ho-Sung Ryu, Mi-Sun Kim, Sooyeoun You, Mi-Jung Kim, Young Jin Kim, Juyeon Kim, Kiju Kim, Sun Ju Chung
OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic and adverse effects of globus pallidus interna (GPi) and subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with PD who underwent GPi (n = 14) or STN (n = 28) DBS surgery between April 2002 and May 2014. The subjects were matched for age at surgery and disease duration. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores and levodopa equivalent dose (LED) at baseline and 12 months after surgery were used to assess the therapeutic effects of DBS...
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415166/holmes-tremor-with-shoulder-pain-treated-by-deep-brain-stimulation-of-unilateral-ventral-intermediate-thalamic-nucleus-and-globus-pallidus-internus
#15
Sabri Aydın, Huseyin Canaz, Ezgi Tuna Erdogan, Nazlı Durmaz, Barıs Topcular
A 21-year-old male was admitted with severe right arm and hand tremors after a thalamic hemorrhage caused by a traffic accident. He was also suffering from agonizing pain in his right shoulder that manifested after the tremor. Neurologic examination revealed a disabling, severe, and irregular kinetic and postural tremor in the right arm during target-directed movements. There was also an irregular ipsilateral rest tremor and dystonic movements in the distal part of the right arm. The amplitude was moderate at rest and extremely high during kinetic and intentional movements...
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415165/progressive-supranuclear-gaze-palsy-with-predominant-cerebellar-ataxia-a-case-series-with-videos
#16
Zheyu Xu, Tchoyoson C C Lim, Wing Lok Au, Louis C S Tan
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) with predominant cerebellar ataxia (PSP-C) is a rare phenotype of PSP. The clinical and radiological features of this disorder remain poorly characterized. Through a retrospective case series, we aim to characterize the clinical and radiological features of PSP-C. Four patients with PSP-C were identified: patients who presented with prominent cerebellar dysfunction that disappeared with the progression of the disease. Supranuclear gaze palsy occurred at a mean of 2.0 ± 2...
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415164/beyond-the-classic-segawa-disease-gch1-associated-neurodegenerative-parkinsonism-practical-considerations-for-physicians
#17
Jirat Chenbhanich, Jirada Sringean, Roongroj Bhidayasiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352057/paroxysmal-kinesigenic-dyskinesia-as-the-presenting-and-only-manifestation-of-multiple-sclerosis-after-eighteen-months-of-follow-up
#18
Marius Baguma, Michel Ossemann
Other than tremor, movement disorders are uncommon in multiple sclerosis. Among these uncommon clinical manifestations, paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia is the most frequently reported. It is characterized by episodic attacks of involuntary movements that are induced by repetitive or sudden movements, startling noise or hyperventilation. The diagnosis is essentially clinical and based on a good observation of the attacks. It is very easy to misdiagnose it. We describe the case of a young female patient who presented paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia as the first and only clinical manifestation of multiple sclerosis, with no recurrence of attacks nor any other neurologic symptom after eighteen months of follow-up...
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352056/isolated-neurological-manifestation-in-silent-celiac-disease
#19
Salma Tarabzouni, Thamer AlKhairallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352055/progressive-encephalomyelitis-with-rigidity-and-myoclonus-in-an-intellectually-disabled-patient-mimicking-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome
#20
Zheyu Xu, Kalpana Prasad, Tianrong Yeo
We present a case of 32-year-old male with profound mental retardation and autism spectrum disorder who had presented with seizures, rigidity and elevated creatine kinase and was initially diagnosed as neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). The patient subsequently had a complicated clinical course, developing refractory status epilepticus, which lead to the eventual diagnosis of progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM). We discuss the clinical similarities and differences between NMS and PERM, and highlight the need to consider alternative diagnoses when the clinical picture of NMS is atypical, particularly in this patient group where the history and clinical examination may be challenging...
May 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
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