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African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine

Bobby Kgosiemang, Julia Blitz
BACKGROUND:  Unintended pregnancies are associated with unsafe abortions and maternal deaths, particularly in countries such as Botswana, where abortion is illegal. Many of these unwanted pregnancies could be avoided by using emergency contraception, which is widely available in Botswana. AIM:  To assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of female students with regard to emergency contraception at the University of Botswana. SETTING:  Students from University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana...
September 6, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Shapi Mukiapini, Graham Bresick, Abdul-Rauf Sayed, Cynthia Le Grange
BACKGROUND:  Research consistently demonstrates the importance of effective team work for improving the quality of health care. We conducted a baseline measure of primary health care (PHC) team effectiveness and overall PHC performance at a primary care facility. AIM:  To improve PHC team effectiveness and ultimately the quality and user experience of primary care at a community health centre (CHC). SETTING:  Du Noon CHC in the southern and western substructure of the Cape Town Metro district services (MDHS)...
September 5, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Radiance M Ogundipe, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Family Medicine training commenced in Botswana in 2011, and Maun was one of the two sites chosen as a training complex. If it is to be successful there has to be investment in the training programme by all stakeholders in healthcare delivery in the district. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the attitudes of stakeholders to initiation of Family Medicine training and their perspectives on the future roles of family physicians in Ngami district, Botswana...
August 31, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Gabisile P Ndlovu, Dudu G Sokhela, Maureen N Sibiya
BACKGROUND:  Malnutrition is a major public health challenge in developing countries. It has been identified as an important cause of child mortality and morbidity and leads to inadequate physical and cognitive development in children. The South African government implemented a strategy for malnutrition assessment in children under 5 years by community caregivers (CCGs), who would then refer children at risk or those having developed malnutrition to primary health care clinics. Irrespective of this strategy, children still present at clinics with severe malnutrition...
August 30, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Emily G Clark, Sarah Uwimbabazi
The Ugandan UK Health alliance (UUKHA) promotes collaboration between UK- and Uganda-based organisations working in health in order to further global learning and the sharing of best practice. On 22-23 March 2018, the UUKHA held the third East African Health Improvement and Investment Summit in Kampala, Uganda. This is the report of a dynamic workshop which was aimed at encouraging thought and discussion on an innovative approach to tackling common health problems such as family planning, alcohol and malnutrition...
August 8, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Egide Ndayishimiye, Andrew J Ross
 HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis (CCM) and related mortality may be prevented by the effective implementation of a screen-and-treat intervention. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the screen-and-treat intervention at a regional hospital in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Method: This was a descriptive study in which the records of patients seen in 2015 and 2016 with a CD4 count ≤ 100 cell/mm3 were retrieved from National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS) records and matched against patients admitted for HIV-associated CCM...
August 8, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
David P Ngilangwa, George S Mgomella
 Attrition of community health workers (CHWs) continues to threaten the full realisation and sustainability of community-based health programmes globally. Aim: This study aimed to understand factors associated with CHWs' recruitment and their retention. Setting: This study was conducted in five districts of the Simiyu Region, namely, Bariadi, Busega, Itilima, Maswa and Meatu in north-western Tanzania. Methods: In this cross-sectional study design, 341 CHWs who were working with the maternal health programme were randomly selected...
August 2, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Cecilia B Bello, Omolola Irinoye, Oluwaseyi A Akpor
 The family plays a central role in the provision and maintenance of health status of its members and all factors that contribute to achieving optimal health. Aim: To compare the health status of one-parent and two-parent families using the McMaster model of family functioning. Setting: Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design, using multi-stage simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using an adopted self-administered questionnaire from 250 purposely selected families from each sample group...
July 31, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Gertrude S Avortri, Lebitsi M Modiba
 Many policy makers at country level in both medium and low to middle-income countries still have great difficulty deciding which quality intervention would have the greatest impact on the health outcomes delivered by their health systems. Aim: To investigate women's perceptions about the factors that hinders or facilitates the provision of quality childbirth services in Ghana's health care services to guide improvement efforts. Setting: The study was conducted in the greater Accra region of Ghana in two primary level hospitals (district hospitals)...
July 9, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Ramprakash Kaswa, George F D Rupesinghe, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza
Antenatal care (ANC) services are the gateway for integrated management of several conditions that adversely affect the mother and foetus. More stillbirths than neonatal deaths in South Africa are a reflection of poor quality ANC services. Aim: The primary aim of this study was to explore the reasons for late booking, and also to determine pregnant women's knowledge, perceptions and attitude towards antenatal care services they receive in Mthatha area in Eastern Cape, South Africa. Setting: This was a qualitative study, conducted at Mbekweni Health Centre in the King Sabata Dalindyebo (KSD) subdistrict municipality of the Eastern Cape Province...
July 2, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Henry O Owuor, Patrick M Chege, Jeremiah Laktabai
 A short inter-pregnancy interval increases the risk for maternal and neonatal deaths in addition to other pregnancy complications including: preterm delivery, low birth weight, anaemia and premature rupture of membranes. However, only one half of Kenyan women, who have no desire to conceive immediately after birth, are using contraception one year after delivery. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of uptake of post-partum family planning (PPFP). Setting: The study was conducted among post-partum women accompanying their children for their first measles vaccination at Webuye County Hospital (WCH), in western Kenya...
June 21, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Ellenore D Meyer, Johannes F M Hugo, Tessa S Marcus, Rebaone Molebatsi, Kabelo Komana
 Integrated care through community-oriented primary care (COPC) deployed through municipal teams of community health workers (CHWs) has been part of health reform in South Africa since 2011. The role of COPC and integration of information and communication technology (ICT) information to improve patient health and access to care, require a better understanding of patient social behaviour. Aim: The study sought to understand how COPC with CHWs visiting households offering health education can support antenatal follow-up and what the barriers for access to care would be...
June 21, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Martha T Makwero
Malawi is a landlocked country with a population of 17 million. The delivery of the health care system is based on primary health care (PHC). The PHC structures are acceptable; however, the system is marked by maldistribution of resources, fragmentation of services and shortage of staff. This hampers the function of the set, well-meaning PHC frameworks. Family medicine offers training and retention of the PHC and rural workforce, harnessing clinical governance and capacity building. Family medicine's role extends to involve advocacy for the PHC to improve its performance...
June 21, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Tanya N Augustine, Carel J Cairns, Sean Chetty, Lisa G Dannatt, Nadine Gravett, Glenda Grey, Gerhard Grobler, Zukiswa Jafta, Peter Kamerman, John Lopes, Motlalepula G Matsabisa, Pierre Mugabo, Michelle Mulder, Charles Parry, Solomon Rataemane, Nandi Siegfried, Vanessa Steenkamp, Eileen Thomas, Richard Van Zyl-Smit
No abstract available.
June 21, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Hellen Myezwa, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Nikolas Pautz
The average lifespan of people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has increased because of the enhanced access to anti-retroviral treatment. This increased longevity has led to a heightened focus on the comorbidities which may arise, allowing a clearer understanding of the contextual, personal, psychological and functional problems and their interrelations. Disability (functional limitations) and insufficient nutritional intake may interact cyclically with HIV and/or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); however, no research to date has investigated this interaction...
June 20, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Zimbini Ogle, Liezl Koen, Dana J H Niehaus
 There is a lack of screening tools for common mental disorders that can be applied across cultures, languages and levels of education in people with diabetes and hypertension. Aim: To develop a visual screening tool for depression and anxiety disorders that is applicable across cultures and levels of education. Setting: Participants were purposively recruited from two not-for-profit organisations and two public health facilities - a maternal mental health unit and a primary health care centre. Method: This was a qualitative cross-sectional study...
June 19, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Desiree Govender, Saloshni Naidoo, Myra Taylor
BACKGROUND: Adolescent repeat pregnancy is of importance in public health because the birth of a second child to an adolescent mother compounds the adverse medical, educational, socioeconomic and parenting outcomes. Repeat pregnancy in adolescence is not only an international phenomenon but also a local concern as it also occurs in South Africa. The prevalence of adolescent repeat pregnancy in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, was reported as 17.6% in 2013. AIM: This review aimed to gather relevant information from national and international sources to inform practice and to provide an understanding of what is known about the risk factors of and the interventions for adolescent repeat pregnancy...
June 19, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Elsie Breet, Jason Bantjes, Ian Lewis
BACKGROUND: Chronic substance use (CSU) is associated with health problems, including selfharm, placing a significant burden on health care resources and emergency departments (EDs). This is problematic in low- and middle-income countries like South Africa (SA), where primary care facilitates and emergency departments (EDs) are often poorly resourced. AIM: To investigate the epidemiology of CSU and self-harm and to consider the implications for primary health care service delivery and suicide prevention in SA...
June 19, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Lillian Artz, Talia Meer, Gray Aschman
BACKGROUND: Since 2013, approximately 4400 women have been murdered by their partners in South Africa. This is five times higher than the per capita global average. Domestic violence is known to be cyclical, endemic and frequently involves multiple victims. It also becomes progressively more dangerous over time and may lead to fatalities. In 2012, the Health Professions Council of South Africa released a domestic violence protocol for emergency service providers. This protocol, or screening guidelines, includes assessing future risk to domestic violence, providing physical and psychosocial care, documentation of evidence of abuse and informing patients of their rights and the services available to them...
June 18, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Karen M Galloway, Romy Parker
BACKGROUND: Expert clinicians and researchers in the field of spinal tuberculosis (STB) advocate for early identification and diagnosis as a key to reducing disability, severity of disease, expensive surgery and death, especially in tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries like South Africa. South Africa has the highest incidence per capita of tuberculosis in the world, and a conservative estimate of the incidence of STB in South Africa is 8-16:100 000. People living with STB may initially present to primary health care (PHC) centres, where the opportunity exists for early identification...
June 18, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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