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African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697621/undiagnosed-tuberculosis-in-patients-with-hiv-infection-who-present-with-severe-anaemia-at-a-district-hospital
#1
Mbulelo Mntonintshi, Don O'Mahony, Sikhumbuzo Mabunda, Kakia A F Namugenyi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of severe anaemia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in South Africa. However, TB can be difficult to diagnose as it may be extra pulmonary and paucibacillary. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate undiagnosed TB in patients with HIV infection and severe anaemia and to identify the optimal investigations for diagnosing TB. SETTING: Mthatha General Hospital, a district hospital...
June 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697620/is-it-just-religious-practice-exploring-patients-reasons-for-choosing-a-faith-based-primary-health-clinic-over-their-local-public-sector-primary-health-clinic
#2
James D Porter, Graham Bresick
BACKGROUND: Person-centred, re-engineered primary health care (PHC) is a national and global priority. Faith-based health care is a significant provider of PHC in sub-Saharan Africa, but there is limited published data on the reasons for patient choice of faith-based health care, particularly in South Africa. AIM: The primary objective was to determine and explore the reasons for patient choice of a faith-based primary care clinic over their local public sector primary care clinic, and secondarily to determine to what extent these reasons were influenced by demography...
June 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697619/investigating-the-accessibility-factors-that-influence-antenatal-care-services-utilisation-in-mangwe-district-zimbabwe
#3
Leoba Nyathi, Augustine K Tugli, Takalani G Tshitangano, Molyn Mpofu
BACKGROUND: Maternal and infant mortality remains a huge public health problem in developing countries. One of the strategies to minimise the risks of both maternal and infant mortality is access to and utilisation of antenatal care (ANC) services. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the accessibility factors that influence the use of ANC services in Mangwe district. METHODS: A qualitative approach using explorative design was adopted to target women who have babies under 1 year of age...
June 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697618/evaluation-of-a-zulu-translation-of-the-parents-evaluation-of-developmental-status
#4
Maria Van der Merwe, Marlé Cilliers, Celesté Maré, Jeannie Van der Linde, Mia Le Roux
BACKGROUND: One of the greatest challenges in early communication intervention in South Africa is developing and implementing successful identification strategies in primary health care (PHC). A shortage of trained PHC personnel is one of the barriers to providing adequate health services in South Africa. This dearth of services creates the need to substitute clinician-administered developmental screening tools with parent-administered tools. AIM: To determine the accuracy of the Zulu Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) in comparison with the outcome of the English PEDS...
June 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697617/dietary-habits-among-health-professionals-working-in-a-district-hospital-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#5
Siyabonga H Kunene, Nomathemba P Taukobong
INTRODUCTION: The burden of diseases associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviours continues to increase in the low- and middle-income countries including South Africa. Among the affected population are the health professionals who are assumed to be knowledgeable about healthy eating. AIM: This study aimed to determine the dietary habits of health professionals in a public district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2012 among 109 randomly selected health professionals...
June 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697616/perceptions-attitudes-and-challenges-about-obesity-and-adopting-a-healthy-lifestyle-among-health-workers-in-pietermaritzburg-kwazulu-natal-province
#6
Patrick Simfukwe, Brian Van Wyk, Charl Swart
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is reported to be high and increasing among health workers, in both high-income and low-income countries, which in turn is a common risk factor for all non-communicable diseases. This is alarming, as health workers not only serve the community's health needs but should also serve as role models for a healthy lifestyle. It is therefore important that obesity among health workers is addressed and prevented. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore perceptions and attitudes about obesity among health workers in three selected hospitals in Pietermaritzburg, and to identify the barriers to adopting a healthy lifestyle...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582994/which-primary-care-model-a-qualitative-analysis-of-ward-based-outreach-teams-in-south-africa
#7
Tessa S Marcus, Jannie Hugo, Champak C Jinabhai
Globally, models of extending universal health coverage through primary care are influenced by country-specific systems of health care and disease management. In 2015 a rapid assessment of the ward-based outreach component of primary care reengineering was commissioned to understand implementation and rollout challenges. AIM: This article aims to describe middle- and lower-level managers' understanding of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs) and the problems of authority, jurisdiction and practical functioning that arise from the way the model is constructed and has been operationalised...
May 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582996/barriers-and-opportunities-to-implementation-of-sustainable-e-health-programmes-in-uganda-a-literature-review
#8
Vincent M Kiberu, Maurice Mars, Richard E Scott
BACKGROUND: Most developing countries, including Uganda, have embraced the use of e-Health and m-Health applications as a means to improve primary healthcare delivery and public health for their populace. In Uganda, the growth in the information and communications technology industry has benefited the rural communities and also created opportunities for new innovations, and their application into healthcare has reported positive results, especially in the areas of disease control and prevention through disease surveillance...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582995/palliative-care-needs-of-patients-living-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-not-treated-with-renal-replacement-therapy-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-from-blantyre-malawi
#9
Maya J Bates, Alex Chitani, Gavin Dreyer
BACKGROUND: The burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in sub-Saharan Africa is increasing rapidly but the palliative care needs of patients living with ESKD are not well described. Resource limitations at both health system and patient level act as major barriers to patients receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the form of dialysis. We undertook an exploratory qualitative study to describe the palliative care needs of patients with ESKD who were not receiving RRT, at a government teaching hospital in Blantyre, Malawi...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582993/mapping-evidence-of-interventions-and-strategies-to-bridge-the-gap-in-the-implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-policy-in-sub-saharan-countries-a-scoping-review
#10
Wilbroda H Ngidi, Joanne R Naidoo, Busisiwe P Ncama, Zamasomi P B Luvuno, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson
BACKGROUND: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a life-saving public health intervention. Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries have made significant progress in the programme, but little is known about the strategies used by them to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV. AIM: To map evidence of strategies and interventions employed by SSA in bridging the implementation gap in the rapidly changing PMTCT of HIV programme policy. METHODS: Electronic search of the databases MEDLINE, PubMed and SABINET for articles published in English between 2001 and August 2016...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582992/the-perceived-role-of-ward-based-primary-healthcare-outreach-teams-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#11
Landiwe S Khuzwayo, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: The aim of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs) is to improve access to primary healthcare (PHC) services including health promotion and disease prevention in South Africa. Limited information is available in South Africa on user perceptions of services provided by WBOTs in rural households. AIM: The study aimed to explore community awareness and perception of WBOTs, as well people's motivation to engage and use WBOT services. SETTING: The study was conducted between July and September 2015 in iLembe district, KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582991/insights-into-health-care-seeking-behaviour-for-children-in-communities-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#12
Lyn Haskins, Merridy Grant, Sifiso Phakathi, Aurene Wilford, Ngcwalisa Jama, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: South African infant and child mortality remains high, with many deaths occurring outside the formal health services. Delayed health care seeking represents a large proportion of these deaths. AIM: To generate knowledge about the role of, and influences on, caregivers with regard to decision-making about when and where to seek care for sick children. SETTING: Two communities in KwaZulu-Natal. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory design employing participatory research techniques was used to undertake focus group discussions with community members...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582990/to-what-extent-does-access-to-improved-sanitation-explain-the-observed-differences-in-infant-mortality-in-africa
#13
Aye M Alemu
BACKGROUND: To my knowledge, there was no systematic study so far that analysed the extent of the impact of improved sanitation on infant mortality in the African context with long years of full-fledged longitudinal data. AIM: The aim of this study was to empirically examine the extent to which improved sanitation explains the observed differences in infant mortality under 5 years of age across African countries. SETTING: The study covered a panel of 33 countries from north, south, east, west and central Africa for the years 1994-2013...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582989/a-situation-analysis-of-psychiatrists-in-south-africa-s-rural-primary-healthcare-settings
#14
Johannes H De Kock, Basil J Pillay
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has been facing serious challenges in providing human resources for the delivery of essential mental health (MH) services. The majority of its prescribing MH specialists, psychiatrists, practise in private, urban and peri-urban areas. The findings of a situation analysis audit of psychiatrist human resources in the public rural primary healthcare (PRPHC) sector are presented in this paper. METHOD: This audit was based on both primary and secondary data...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582988/trust-of-community-health-workers-influences-the-acceptance-of-community-based-maternal-and-child-health-services
#15
Merridy Grant, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Sifiso Phakathi, Ntokozo Mntambo, Christiane M Horwood
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are a component of the health system in many countries, providing effective community-based services to mothers and infants. However, implementation of CHW programmes at scale has been challenging in many settings. AIM: To explore the acceptability of CHWs conducting household visits to mothers and infants during pregnancy and after delivery, from the perspective of community members, professional nurses and CHWs themselves...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582987/a-review-of-patients-presenting-to-accident-and-emergency-department-with-deliberate-self-harm-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#16
Josephat O Ani, Andrew J Ross, Laura M Campbell
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has described deliberate self-harm (DSH) as a major global health challenge. Little is known about the profile of patients admitted following DSH at district and regional combo hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the profiles of patients and reasons for admission following DSH. SETTING: The study was conducted on data from a busy Accident and Emergency (A&E) department in a combination district and regional hospital situated in Empangeni in northern KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582986/reaching-national-consensus-on-the-core-clinical-skill-outcomes-for-family-medicine-postgraduate-training-programmes-in-south-africa
#17
Yusuf Akoojee, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Family physicians play a significant role in the district health system and need to be equipped with a broad range of clinical skills in order to meet the needs and expectations of the communities they serve. A previous study in 2007 reached national consensus on the clinical skills that should be taught in postgraduate family medicine training prior to the introduction of the new speciality. Since then, family physicians have been trained, employed and have gained experience of working in the district health services...
May 26, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470076/examining-the-influence-of-family-physician-supply-on-district-health-system-performance-in-south-africa-an-ecological-analysis-of-key-health-indicators
#18
Klaus B Von Pressentin, Bob J Mash, Tonya M Esterhuizen
BACKGROUND: The supply of appropriate health workers is a key building block in the World Health Organization's model of effective health systems. Primary care teams are stronger if they contain doctors with postgraduate training in family medicine. The contribution of such family physicians to the performance of primary care systems has not been evaluated in the African context. Family physicians with postgraduate training entered the South African district health system (DHS) from 2011...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470075/factors-influencing-choice-of-site-for-rural-clinical-placements-by-final-year-medical-students-in-a-south-african-university
#19
Nontsikelelo O Mapukata, Rainy Dube, Ian Couper, Motlatso Mlambo
BACKGROUND: Most of South Africa's citizens who live in rural or underserved communities rely on the public health care sector to access quality health care. The value of rural exposure through clinical placements is well documented. Medical schools in South Africa have a responsibility to provide solutions that address the prevailing human resources challenges. Despite this commitment, medical students do not necessarily appreciate their role in resolving South Africa's human resources challenges...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470074/patient-satisfaction-with-nurse-delivery-primary-health-care-services-in-free-state-and-gauteng-provinces-south-africa-a-comparative-study
#20
Wilfred N Nunu, Pascalia O Munyewende
BACKGROUND: The majority of health care users in South Africa utilise primary health care (PHC) services where these services are free at the point of entry. There is a dearth of knowledge on the factors influencing patient satisfaction with PHC clinic services. AIM: This study compared patient satisfaction with PHC services in the Free State (FS) and Gauteng (GP) provincesSetting: Secondary data analysis was conducted on a cross-sectional survey obtained from the Research on the State of Nursing Project run by the Centre for Health Policy in 2012...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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