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African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582994/which-primary-care-model-a-qualitative-analysis-of-ward-based-outreach-teams-in-south-africa
#1
Tessa S Marcus, Jannie Hugo, Champak C Jinabhai
Globally, models of extending universal health coverage through primary care are influenced by country-specific systems of health care and disease management. In 2015 a rapid assessment of the ward-based outreach component of primary care reengineering was commissioned to understand implementation and rollout challenges. AIM: This article aims to describe middle- and lower-level managers' understanding of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs) and the problems of authority, jurisdiction and practical functioning that arise from the way the model is constructed and has been operationalised...
May 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582996/barriers-and-opportunities-to-implementation-of-sustainable-e-health-programmes-in-uganda-a-literature-review
#2
Vincent M Kiberu, Maurice Mars, Richard E Scott
BACKGROUND: Most developing countries, including Uganda, have embraced the use of e-Health and m-Health applications as a means to improve primary healthcare delivery and public health for their populace. In Uganda, the growth in the information and communications technology industry has benefited the rural communities and also created opportunities for new innovations, and their application into healthcare has reported positive results, especially in the areas of disease control and prevention through disease surveillance...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582995/palliative-care-needs-of-patients-living-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-not-treated-with-renal-replacement-therapy-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-from-blantyre-malawi
#3
Maya J Bates, Alex Chitani, Gavin Dreyer
BACKGROUND: The burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in sub-Saharan Africa is increasing rapidly but the palliative care needs of patients living with ESKD are not well described. Resource limitations at both health system and patient level act as major barriers to patients receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the form of dialysis. We undertook an exploratory qualitative study to describe the palliative care needs of patients with ESKD who were not receiving RRT, at a government teaching hospital in Blantyre, Malawi...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582993/mapping-evidence-of-interventions-and-strategies-to-bridge-the-gap-in-the-implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-programme-policy-in-sub-saharan-countries-a-scoping-review
#4
Wilbroda H Ngidi, Joanne R Naidoo, Busisiwe P Ncama, Zamasomi P B Luvuno, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson
BACKGROUND: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a life-saving public health intervention. Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries have made significant progress in the programme, but little is known about the strategies used by them to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV. AIM: To map evidence of strategies and interventions employed by SSA in bridging the implementation gap in the rapidly changing PMTCT of HIV programme policy. METHODS: Electronic search of the databases MEDLINE, PubMed and SABINET for articles published in English between 2001 and August 2016...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582992/the-perceived-role-of-ward-based-primary-healthcare-outreach-teams-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#5
Landiwe S Khuzwayo, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: The aim of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs) is to improve access to primary healthcare (PHC) services including health promotion and disease prevention in South Africa. Limited information is available in South Africa on user perceptions of services provided by WBOTs in rural households. AIM: The study aimed to explore community awareness and perception of WBOTs, as well people's motivation to engage and use WBOT services. SETTING: The study was conducted between July and September 2015 in iLembe district, KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582991/insights-into-health-care-seeking-behaviour-for-children-in-communities-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#6
Lyn Haskins, Merridy Grant, Sifiso Phakathi, Aurene Wilford, Ngcwalisa Jama, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: South African infant and child mortality remains high, with many deaths occurring outside the formal health services. Delayed health care seeking represents a large proportion of these deaths. AIM: To generate knowledge about the role of, and influences on, caregivers with regard to decision-making about when and where to seek care for sick children. SETTING: Two communities in KwaZulu-Natal. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory design employing participatory research techniques was used to undertake focus group discussions with community members...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582990/to-what-extent-does-access-to-improved-sanitation-explain-the-observed-differences-in-infant-mortality-in-africa
#7
Aye M Alemu
BACKGROUND: To my knowledge, there was no systematic study so far that analysed the extent of the impact of improved sanitation on infant mortality in the African context with long years of full-fledged longitudinal data. AIM: The aim of this study was to empirically examine the extent to which improved sanitation explains the observed differences in infant mortality under 5 years of age across African countries. SETTING: The study covered a panel of 33 countries from north, south, east, west and central Africa for the years 1994-2013...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582989/a-situation-analysis-of-psychiatrists-in-south-africa-s-rural-primary-healthcare-settings
#8
Johannes H De Kock, Basil J Pillay
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has been facing serious challenges in providing human resources for the delivery of essential mental health (MH) services. The majority of its prescribing MH specialists, psychiatrists, practise in private, urban and peri-urban areas. The findings of a situation analysis audit of psychiatrist human resources in the public rural primary healthcare (PRPHC) sector are presented in this paper. METHOD: This audit was based on both primary and secondary data...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582988/trust-of-community-health-workers-influences-the-acceptance-of-community-based-maternal-and-child-health-services
#9
Merridy Grant, Aurene Wilford, Lyn Haskins, Sifiso Phakathi, Ntokozo Mntambo, Christiane M Horwood
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) are a component of the health system in many countries, providing effective community-based services to mothers and infants. However, implementation of CHW programmes at scale has been challenging in many settings. AIM: To explore the acceptability of CHWs conducting household visits to mothers and infants during pregnancy and after delivery, from the perspective of community members, professional nurses and CHWs themselves...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582987/a-review-of-patients-presenting-to-accident-and-emergency-department-with-deliberate-self-harm-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Josephat O Ani, Andrew J Ross, Laura M Campbell
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has described deliberate self-harm (DSH) as a major global health challenge. Little is known about the profile of patients admitted following DSH at district and regional combo hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the profiles of patients and reasons for admission following DSH. SETTING: The study was conducted on data from a busy Accident and Emergency (A&E) department in a combination district and regional hospital situated in Empangeni in northern KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582986/reaching-national-consensus-on-the-core-clinical-skill-outcomes-for-family-medicine-postgraduate-training-programmes-in-south-africa
#11
Yusuf Akoojee, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Family physicians play a significant role in the district health system and need to be equipped with a broad range of clinical skills in order to meet the needs and expectations of the communities they serve. A previous study in 2007 reached national consensus on the clinical skills that should be taught in postgraduate family medicine training prior to the introduction of the new speciality. Since then, family physicians have been trained, employed and have gained experience of working in the district health services...
May 26, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470076/examining-the-influence-of-family-physician-supply-on-district-health-system-performance-in-south-africa-an-ecological-analysis-of-key-health-indicators
#12
Klaus B Von Pressentin, Bob J Mash, Tonya M Esterhuizen
BACKGROUND: The supply of appropriate health workers is a key building block in the World Health Organization's model of effective health systems. Primary care teams are stronger if they contain doctors with postgraduate training in family medicine. The contribution of such family physicians to the performance of primary care systems has not been evaluated in the African context. Family physicians with postgraduate training entered the South African district health system (DHS) from 2011...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470075/factors-influencing-choice-of-site-for-rural-clinical-placements-by-final-year-medical-students-in-a-south-african-university
#13
Nontsikelelo O Mapukata, Rainy Dube, Ian Couper, Motlatso Mlambo
BACKGROUND: Most of South Africa's citizens who live in rural or underserved communities rely on the public health care sector to access quality health care. The value of rural exposure through clinical placements is well documented. Medical schools in South Africa have a responsibility to provide solutions that address the prevailing human resources challenges. Despite this commitment, medical students do not necessarily appreciate their role in resolving South Africa's human resources challenges...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470074/patient-satisfaction-with-nurse-delivery-primary-health-care-services-in-free-state-and-gauteng-provinces-south-africa-a-comparative-study
#14
Wilfred N Nunu, Pascalia O Munyewende
BACKGROUND: The majority of health care users in South Africa utilise primary health care (PHC) services where these services are free at the point of entry. There is a dearth of knowledge on the factors influencing patient satisfaction with PHC clinic services. AIM: This study compared patient satisfaction with PHC services in the Free State (FS) and Gauteng (GP) provincesSetting: Secondary data analysis was conducted on a cross-sectional survey obtained from the Research on the State of Nursing Project run by the Centre for Health Policy in 2012...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470077/allopathic-and-traditional-health-practitioners-a-reply-to-nemutandani-hendricks-and-mulaudzi
#15
Rudi W De Lange
An earlier paper in this journal reported on the perception and experience of 77 allopathic health practitioners (AHPs) and health managers about working together with South African traditional health practitioners (THPs). The paper stated that the abolishment of the Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 and the introduction of the Traditional Health Practitioners Act No. 22 of 2007 is a milestone in the development of traditional health knowledge, and for the eventual incorporation thereof into modern health care practices...
April 26, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470073/the-effect-of-phlebotomy-training-on-blood-sample-rejection-and-phlebotomy-knowledge-of-primary-health-care-providers-in-cape-town-a-quasi-experimental-study
#16
Mumtaz Abbas, Fidele K Mukinda, Mosedi Namane
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing amount of blood sample rejection at primary health care facilities (PHCFs), impacting negatively the staff, facility, patient and laboratory costs. AIM: The primary objective was to determine the rejection rate and reasons for blood sample rejection at four PHCFs before and after a phlebotomy training programme. The secondary objective was to determine whether phlebotomy training improved knowledge among primary health care providers (HCPs) and to develop a tool for blood sample acceptability...
April 13, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397523/psychosocial-challenges-affecting-the-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-epilepsy-and-their-carers-in-africa-a-review-of-published-evidence-between-1994-and-2014
#17
Mpoe J Keikelame, Tamzyn Suliaman, Marleen Hendriksz, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: Little attention has been paid to the psychosocial challenges of adult patients with epilepsy and their carers in Africa in published studies conducted between 1994 and 2014 - yet these psychosocial challenges have been reported to have a major impact on the quality of life (QOL) of people living with the illness and those who care for them. AIM: This review aimed to examine the literature on published studies conducted in Africa between 1994 and 2014 that examined psychosocial challenges of adult people with epilepsy and their carers...
March 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397522/an-evaluation-of-the-emergency-care-training-workshops-in-the-province-of-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#18
Mergan Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Emergency care in South Africa is both complex and complicated which is further compromised by inadequately trained healthcare workers. Academic disciplines at the University of KwaZulu-Natal have run emergency care workshops for doctors and nurses providing primary emergency care, in the province for the last 14 years. This delivery of such training has evolved over time. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feedback and knowledge of participants attending the last nine workshops...
March 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397521/improving-access-to-health-care-in-a-rural-regional-hospital-in-south-africa-why-do-patients-miss-their-appointments
#19
Lucy Frost, Louis S Jenkins, Benjamin Emmink
BACKGROUND: Access to health services is one of the Batho Pele ('people first') values and principles of the South African government since 1997. This necessitated some changes around public service systems, procedures, attitudes and behaviour. The challenges of providing health care to rural geographically spread populations include variations in socio-economic status, transport opportunities, access to appointment information and patient perceptions of costs and benefits of seeking health care...
March 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235324/you-can-treat-my-hiv-but-can-you-treat-my-blood-pressure-availability-of-integrated-hiv-and-non-communicable-disease-care-in-northern-malawi
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Colin Pfaff, Vera Scott, Risa Hoffman, Beatrice Mwagomba
BACKGROUND: Many patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi have or will develop non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The current capacity of ART sites to provide care for NCDs is not known. AIM: This study aimed to assess the capacity of ART sites to provide care for hypertension and diabetes in rural Malawi. SETTING: Twenty-five health centres and five hospitals in two rural districts in northern Malawi. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed between March and May 2014 at all facilities...
February 15, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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