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International Journal of Fertility & Sterility

Ardeshir Bahmanimehr, Shahryar Zeighami, Bahia Namavar Jahromi, Zahra Anvar, Mohammad Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Maryam Davari, Somayeh Montazeri
Background: Y chromosome deletions (YCDs) in azoospermia factor (AZF) region are associated with abnormal spermatogenesis and may lead to azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) are commonly required for infertility management of patients carrying YCDs. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of YCDs, to find the most frequent variant in infertile men candidate for ART and to compare YCD distribution with a control fertile group...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Meysam Jangkhah, Faramarz Farrahi, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani, Seyed Jalil Hosseini, Farid Dadkhah, Reza Salmanyazdi, Mohammad Chehrazi
Background: The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of varicocelectomy on serum testosterone levels and semen quality in infertile men who suffer from varicocele. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 115 subjects with clinical varicocele grades II and III and 240 fertile men as the control group. Total volume of testosterone serum level (ng/dl) and semen quality were compared before and after microscopic varicocelectomy. We normalized testosterone serum levels for age, grade, and testis size basis...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Nafiye Yilmaz, Ebru Ersoy, Aytekin Tokmak, Ayla Sargin, A Seval Ozgu-Erdinc, Salim Erkaya, Halil Ibrahim Yakut
Background: Recent studies have shown that vitamin D has an essential role in the reproductive system. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D levels in patients undergoing ovulation induction (OI), and subsequent intrauterine insemination (IUI) procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and four infertile and one hundred and three fertile women were recruited in this cross-sectional study which was conducted in a tertiary level maternity hospital...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Saghar Saeedabadi, Amir Hossein Abazari-Kia, Hoda Rajabi, Kazem Parivar, Mohammad Salehi
Background: DNA methylation is one the epigenetic mechanisms, which is critically involved in gene expression. This phenomenon is mediated by DNA methyl-transferases and is affected by environmental stress, including in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes. Melatonin, as an antioxidant, may theoretically be involved in epigenetic regulation via reductions of reactive oxygen species. This study was performed to investigate DNA methylation and the possibility of goat oocyte development after treatment with different concentrations of melatonin...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Sahar Bagheri, Rasoul Roghanian, Naser Golbang, Pouran Golbang, Mohammad Hossein Nasr Esfahani
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world that can persist and also ascend in the genital tract. This intracellular and silent infection is related to some adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as miscarriage. The aims of this study were to explore the best CT screening tests using blood and vaginal samples and to investigate the correlation between CT infection and the incidence of miscarriage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was done in October 2013 through June 2014, using purposive sampling from 157 female participants with or without a history of miscarriage...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Zohreh Rahimi, Foroogh Chamaie-Nejad, Shohreh Saeidi, Ziba Rahimi, Ali Ebrahimi, Ebrahim Shakiba, Asad Vaisi-Raygani
Background: The aim of present study was to clarify the role of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ Pro12Ala and C161T polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and their influence on lipid and lipoprotein profiles of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study consisted of 50 women with PCOS, who referred to the Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences Clinic between April and October 2015, and 233 unrelated age-matched healthy women from the same region (West Iran)...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Abdelhafid Benksim, Noureddine Elkhoudri, Rachid Ait Addi, Abdellatif Baali, Mohamed Cherkaoui
Background: The main objective of this survey was to determine the difference between primary and secondary infertility in Morocco and the associated factors among women, who are referred to public and private health centers in Morocco. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 619 infertile women referring to public and private health centers in Marrakech-Safi region, were selected by simple random sampling method. This study was conducted between 1 October 2013 and 31 December 2015...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Mohammad Sahebalzamani, Zahra Mostaedi, Hojjatollah Farahani, Mobin Sokhanvar
Background: Health science and technology today is a rapidly growing field. Health is a multifaceted concept influenced by several factors, and health literacy is essential to deal properly with the current situation. In this study, the association between health literacy and sexual function and sexual satisfaction were investigated in 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted on 193 couples in the Royan Institute, Tehran...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Asma Tiyuri, Seyyed Abolfazl Vagharseyyedin, Marziyeh Torshizi, Najmeh Bahramian, Morteza Hajihosseini
Background: Infertility is a common clinical problem. Psychological adjustment to infertility refers to changing the viewpoint and attitude of an infertile person toward infertility problems, treatments and possible outcomes. The present study aims to prepare a valid and reliable scale for assessing the psychological adjustment to infertility, by determining the cultural adaptation, validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Fertility Adjustment Scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed to localize and validate the Fertility Adjustment Scale, in which 40 infertile women and 40 healthy subjects (fertile or having children) were detected by a gynecologist and the subjects who completed the Fertility Adjustment Scale (FAS) questionnaire were recruited...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Somayeh Alirezaei, Gity Ozgoli, Hamidreza Alavi Majd
Background: Infertility is a major and problem influencing different aspects of couples life, especially those of women. Sexual dysfunction is the silent partner of infertility. This study aimed to identify the above-mentioned factors to make necessary decisions and perform efficient interventions to improve the sexual health of infertile women. This study investigated the factors influencing sexual dysfunction in infertile women in Mashhad, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 85 infertile women visiting governmental Infertility Clinic and Research Center in Mashhad, Iran...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Behnaz Navid, Maryam Mohammadi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Payam Amini, Zahra Shirin, Reza Omani-Saman
Background: Many infertile couples experience psychological distress and suffer from impaired quality of life. Generally, when couples are dealing with uncontrolled events such as infertility, it is important to manage it well and to use the suitable coping style; so this can represent an example of attribution style. The purpose of this study is to investigate the quality of life, relationship beliefs and attribution style in infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 50 infertile couples, who were at least 18 years of age and could read and write in Persian...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Samira Vesali Vesali, Elaheh Karimi, Maryam Mohammadi, Reza Omani-Samani
Background: Among the young generation, medical and law students' attitude towards third party reproduction is very important because they will be directly involved in restricting or developing the programs that will support it in the future. The aim of this survey was to investigate attitude of law and medical students to oocyte donation and key aspects of this kind of third party. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In analytical cross-sectional study, 345 medical and law students were randomly selected using stratified sampling...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Payam Amini, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Farid Zayeri, Hossein Mahjub, Saman Maroufizadeh, Reza Omani-Samani
Background: Abnormalities in birth weight and gestational age cause several adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Our study aims to determine the potential factors that affect birth weight and gestational age, and their association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study of 4415 pregnant women in Tehran, Iran, from July 6-21, 2015. Joint multilevel multiple logistic regression was used in the analysis with demographic and obstetrical variables at the first level, and the hospitals at the second level...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Arezoo Shayan, Masumeh Taravati, Maryam Garousian, Narges Babakhani, Javad Faradmal, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi
Background: Marital quality reflects the individual's overall evaluation of marital relationship. The aim of study was examine the effect of cognitive behavioral counseling on marital quality among women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experimental study was a randomized clinical trial with two groups, on 198 qualified women who referred to selected health care centers in Hamadan, Iran in 2016. The intervention participants attended four 90-minute sessions of cognitive behavioral counseling...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Maryam Barekat, Shahnaz Ahmadi
Hypertensive disorders (HDs) as the most prevalent medical problem during pregnancy, predispose the patient to a lot of comorbidities and may even cause maternal or fetal death. The rate of infertility has been increasing in recent decades. So, we collected and summarized data about the co-existence of these two entities and found that HDs are somewhat more common in women receiving fertility treatments regardless of pathophysiologic correlation of infertility and hypertension or older age and chance of multiple pregnancies...
July 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Bahia Namavar Jahromi, Mahsa Mansouri, Sedighe Forouhari, Tahere Poordast, Alireza Salehi
In this article which was published in Int J Fertil Steril, Vol 11, No 4, Jan-Mar 2018, on pages 293-297, the "Duration of tducation (male)" was misspelled in Table 1. The corrected one is "Duration of education (male)". In the sentence "These differences might be related to the use of a fertility-specific instrument (FertiQoL) in the study by Huppelschoten et al. (23) and the current study compared to the general QoL assessment instrument by Chachamovich et al. (24) and Rashidi et al...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Sepideh Khodaverdi, Leila Nazari, Abolfazl Mehdizadeh-Kashi, Mansoureh Vahdat, Samaneh Rokhgireh, Ali Farbod, Banafsheh Tajbakhsh
Ovarian fibromas are the most common benign solid ovarian tumors, which are often difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Ovarian fibromas, especially in bilateral cases, may be cases of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS), a rare autosomal dominant disorder with predisposition to basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and other various benign and malignant tumors. This case report describes a 25 year-old female with GGS, bilateral ovarian fibroma, endometriosis and septated uterus, which was referred to the Gynecology Clinic of Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital in October 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Kamal Hosseini, Masoumeh Nejatifar, Ali Kabir
Background: This study aimed to compare the effects of three commonly used varicocelectomy techniques namely, open retroperitoneal ligation (Palomo), open inguinal ligation (Ivanissevich) and laparoscopy, in Iranian infertile men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 70 infertile men with palpable varicocele who underwent one of the varicocelectomy techniques namely, Palomo, Ivanissevich, or laparoscopy. Basic information about semen parameters were collected and registered prior to the surgery...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Poonam Sharma, Irshad Aslam Khan, Rambir Singh
Background: Dietary antioxidants protect tissues and organs against insecticides/xenobiotic-induced damage. In the present study, we evaluated the results of exposure to synthetic pyrethroid insecticides, cypermethrin (Cyp) and deltamethrin (Del) and possible protective effects of curcumin and quercetin on reproductive system in male Wistar rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this controlled experimental study, 42 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups of 6 animals...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Morteza Abouzaripour, Fardin Fathi, Erfan Daneshi, Keywan Mortezaee, Mohammad Jafar Rezaie, Mahdad Abdi
Background: In this experimental study, germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes obtained from two-months-old NMRI mice were randomly divided into control, sham and three experimental groups. The basic culture medium was α-MEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 50 mg/l streptomycin, 60 mg/l penicillin and 10 ng/ ml epidermal growth factors. Each of the experimental groups received one of the following treatments: RA (2 μM), bFGF (20 ng/ml) or combination of RA and bFGF with the indicated concentrations...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
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