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International Journal of Fertility & Sterility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043712/uterus-dysplasia-associated-with-cervico-vaginal-agenesis
#1
Ali Mahdavi, Hadi Mirfazaelian, Ladan Younesi Asl, Zeynab Hasani, Maryam Bahreini
Müllerian ducts can form upper parts of normal female reproductive system and any failure in ductal fusion may result in to müllerian duct anomalies (MDA). We present a case of MDA and a uterus dysplasia with no evidence of cervical or upper vaginal tissue. This case showes the role of magnetic resonace imaging (MRI) on MDA diagnosis and urges the need for a unified reliable and practical classification more compatible with clinical practice.
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043711/the-many-guises-of-endometriosis-giant-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-masquerading-as-an-incisional-hernia
#2
Chiara Petrosellini, Sala Abdalla, Tayo Oke
Endometriosis is defined by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Although it is a leading cause of chronic pelvic pain and infertility, its clinical presentation can vary, resulting in diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Extrapelvic endometriosis is particularly difficult to diagnose owing to its ability to mimic other conditions. Endometrial tissue in a surgical scar is uncommon and often misdiagnosed as a granuloma, abscess, or malignancy. Cyclical hemorrhagic ascites due to peritoneal endometriosis is exceptionally rare...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043710/pregnancy-in-non-communicating-rudimentary-horn-of-a-unicornuate-uterus
#3
Mania Kaveh, Abolfazl Mehdizadeh Kashi, Kambiz Sadegi, Forough Forghani
Diagnosis and management of pre-rupture stage of the pregnant horn are difficult and usually missed on a routine ultrasound scan. Also most cases are detected after rupture of pregnant horn. We presented a 28-year-oldG2 L1 woman with diagnosis of rudimentary horn pregnancy (RHP) at 14 weeks of gestation. We diagnosed her with a normal intrauterine pregnancy, whereas a pregnancy in a right-sided non-communicating rudimentary horn with massive hemoperitoneum was later discovered on laparotomy. RHP has a high risk of death for mother, so there must be a strong clinical suspicion for the diagnosis of RHP...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043709/estimation-of-day-specific-probabilities-of-conception-during-natural-cycle-in-women-from-babylon
#4
Hanan Al-Taee, Ban J Edan
Background: Identifying predictors of the probabilities of conception related to the timing and frequency of intercourse in the menstrual cycle is essential for couples attempting pregnancy, users of natural family planning methods, and clinicians diagnosing for possible causes of infertility. The aim of this study is to estimate the days in which the likelihood of conception happened by using first trimester ultrasound fetal biometry in natural cycles and spontaneous pregnancy, and to explore some factors that may affect them...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043708/comparison-of-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycle-outcome-in-patients-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-modified-poisson-regression-model
#5
Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Samira Vesali, Azadeh Ghaheri, Arezoo Esmailzadeh, Reza Omani-Samani
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a frequent condition in reproductive age women with a prevalence rate of 5-10%. This study intends to determine the relationship between PCOS and the outcome of assisted reproductive treatment (ART) in Tehran, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this historical cohort study, we included 996 infertile women who referred to Royan Institute (Tehran, Iran) between January 2012 and December 2013. PCOS, as the main variable, and other potential confounder variables were gathered...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043707/congenital-malformations-in-singleton-infants-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-singleton-infants-by-natural-conception-in-tehran-iran
#6
Ramin Mozafari Kermani, Mansoureh Farhangniya, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Pezhman Bagheri, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Ahmad Vosough Taqi Dizaj
Background: Multiple pregnancies occur more frequently in assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared to normal conception (NC). It is known that the risk of congenital malformations in a multiple pregnancy are higher than single pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare congenital malformations in singleton infants conceived by ART to singleton infants conceived naturally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this historical cohort study, we performed a historical cohort study of major congenital malformations (MCM) in 820 singleton births from January 2012 to December 2014...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043706/the-effects-of-exercise-on-expression-of-cyp19-and-star-mrna-in-steroid-induced-polycystic-ovaries-of-female-rats
#7
Fatemeh Aghaie, Homayoun Khazali, Mehdi Hedayati, Ali Akbarnejad
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequent female endocrine disorder that affects 5-10% of women. PCOS is characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo-/anovulation, and polycystic ovaries. The aim of the present research is to evaluate the expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and aromatase (CYP19) mRNA in the ovaries of an estradiol valerate (EV)-induced PCOS rat model, and the effect of treadmill and running wheel (voluntary) exercise on these parameters...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043705/quality-of-life-and-its-influencing-factors-of-couples-referred-to-an-infertility-center-in-shiraz-iran
#8
Bahia Namavar Jahromi, Mahsa Mansouri, Sedighe Forouhari, Tahere Poordast, Alireza Salehi
Background: Infertility adversely affects quality of life (QoL). The present study aims to evaluate QoL and its associated factors among infertile couples. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the Fertility QoL (FertiQoL) instrument was used to measure QoL among 501 volunteer couples who attended the Infertility Clinic at the Mother and Child Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. We used an additional questionnaire to assess participants' demographic and clinical characteristics...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043704/accuracy-of-two-dimensional-transvaginal-sonography-and-office-hysteroscopy-for-detection-of-uterine-abnormalities-in-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failures-or-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#9
Marzieh Shiva, Firouzeh Ahmadi, Arezoo Arabipoor, Mansoureh Oromiehchi, Mohammad Chehrazi
Background: We sought to compare diagnostic values of two-dimensional transvaginal sonography (2D TVS) and office hysteroscopy (OH) for evaluation of endometrial pathologies in cases with repeated implantation failure (RIF) or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed at Royan Institute from December 2013 to January 2015. TVS was performed before hysteroscopy as part of the routine diagnostic work-up in 789 patients with RIF or RPL...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043703/the-effects-of-dienogest-on-macrophage-and-natural-killer-cells-in-adenomyosis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Saowapak Prathoomthong, Yada Tingthanatikul, Srithean Lertvikool, Nittaya Rodratn, Wanwisa Waiyaput, Kanthanadon Dittharot, Morakot Sroyraya, Areepan Sophonsritsuk
Background: Progestin has been used for symptomatic treatment of adenomyosis, although its effect on the immune system has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of macrophage and natural killer (NK) cell infiltration in tissues obtained from women with adenomyosis who did or did not receive oral progestin dienogest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study, 24 patients with adenomyosis who required hysterectomy were enrolled...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043702/n-acetylcysteine-compared-to-metformin-improves-the-expression-profile-of-growth-differentiation-factor-9-and-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-c-kit-in-the-oocytes-of-patients-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#11
Ebrahim Cheraghi, Malek Soleimani Mehranjani, Seyed Mohammad Ali Shariatzadeh, Mohammad Hossein Nasr Esfahani, Behrang Alani
Background: Paracrine disruption of growth factors in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) results in production of low quality oocyte, especially following ovulation induction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of metformin (MET), N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and their combination on the hormonal levels and expression profile of GDF-9, BMP-15 and c-kit, as hallmarks of oocyte quality, in PCOS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial aims to study the effects of MET, NAC and their combination (MET+NAC) on expression of GDF-9, BMP-15 and c-kit mRNA in oocytes [10 at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage, 10 at the MI stage, and 10 at the MII stage from per group] derived following ovulation induction in PCOS...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043701/royal-jelly-promotes-ovarian-follicles-growth-and-increases-steroid-hormones-in-immature-rats
#12
Elham Ghanbari, Mohammad Rasool Khazaei, Mozafar Khazaei, Vahid Nejati
Background: Royal jelly (RJ) is a complementary diet widely prescribed by traditional medicine specialists for treatment of infertility. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of RJ on a set of reproductive parameters in immature female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, thirty two immature female rats (30-35 g) were divided into four groups (n=8/group): three experimental groups and one control. The experimental groups received 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg/body weight doses of RJ daily for 14 days, and the control group received 0...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043700/body-mass-index-effects-kruger-s-criteria-in-infertile-men
#13
Yaprak Engin-Ustun, Nafiye Yılmaz, Nilufer Akgun, Ayla Aktulay, Ahmet Deniz Tuzluoğlu, Batuhan Bakırarar
Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between sperm parameters and body mass index (BMI) in the male spouses with infertility complaints, who had reffered to our clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The male spouses from 159 couples reffering to our clinic because of infertility, during a six-month period, were included in the study. In this prospective case control study, the included men were categorized as non-obese (BMIP<25 kg/m(2)), overweight (BMI 25-29 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) according to their BMIs...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043699/multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-detecting-microdeletions-in-the-azoospermia-factor-region-of-y-chromosome-in-iranian-couples-with-non-obstructive-infertility-and-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#14
Afsaneh Mojtabanezhad Shariatpanahi, Hassan Ahmadnia, Adam Torkamanzehi, Mahnaz Mansouri Torshizi, Mohammad Amin Kerachian
Background: Approximately 15% of couples are infertile with the male factor explaining approximately 50% of the cases. One of the main genetic factors playing a role in male infertility is Y chromosomal microdeletions within the proximal long arm of the Y chromosome (Yq11), named the azoospermia factor (AZF) region. Recent studies have shown there is a potential connection between deletions of the AZF region and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). The aim of this study is to examine this association by characterizing AZF microdeletions in two infertile groups: in men with non-obstructive infertility and in men with wives displaying RPL...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043698/gene-polymorphism-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-asthenozoospermic-male-subjects
#15
Sina Mohagheghi, Iraj Khodadadi, Manoochehr Karami, Iraj Amiri, Heidar Tavilani
Background: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) play important roles in the structural and functional properties of reproductive organs. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of C-1562T MMP-9 (rs3918242) gene polymorphism in fertile and infertile men. In addition, we aim to determine the association between C-1562T MMP-9 and G-1575A MMP-2 gene polymorphisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 subjects, including 200 fertile and 200 infertile men, were recruited for this casecontrol study...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043697/revisiting-the-relationship-between-the-ejaculatory-abstinence-period-and-semen-characteristics
#16
Bashir M Ayad, Gerhard Van der Horst, Stefan S Du Plessis
Variation in the ejaculatory abstinence period suggested by different guidance bodies have resulted in a growing concern among researchers and clinicians over what the precise period of ejaculatory abstinence ought to be for an optimal semen sample. Several studies have thus been undertaken to examine the association between the length of sexual abstinence and semen characteristics. Not all studies, however, have arrived at the same conclusions. This study aims to review all existing literature published during the past few decades pertaining to the influence of ejaculatory abstinence on semen quality...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868847/fertility-preservation-in-iranian-cancer-patients-a-continuing-neglect
#17
Gholamreza Toogeh, Mohammadreza Razzaghof, Fariba Zarrabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868846/personhood-and-moral-status-of-the-embryo-it-s-effect-on-validity-of-surrogacy-contract-revocation-according-to-shia-jurisprudence-perspective
#18
Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli
Background: One of the most controversial issues related to the human embryo is the determination of the moment when an embryo is considered a human being and acquires a moral status. Although personhood and moral status are frequently mentioned in medical ethics, they are considered interdisciplinary as concepts that shape the debate in medical law (fiqh) since their consequences are influential in the way which the parents and other individuals behave towards the embryo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical-descriptive research gathered relevant data in a literature search...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868845/tehran-survey-of-potential-risk-factors-for-multiple-births
#19
Reza Omani Samani, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Samira Vesali, Fatemeh Shokri, Rezvaneh Cheraghi, Farahnaz Torkestani, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Background: The multiple pregnancy incidence is increasing worldwide. This increased incidence is concerning to the health care system. This study aims to determine the frequency of multiple pregnancy and identify factors that affect this frequency in Tehran, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 5170 mothers in labor between July 6-21, 2015 from 103 hospitals with Obstetrics and Gynecology Wards. The questionnaire used in this study consisted of five parts: demographic characteristics; information related to pregnancy; information related to the infant; information regarding the multiple pregnancy; and information associated with infertility...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868844/desired-numbers-of-children-fertility-preferences-and-related-factors-among-couples-who-referred-to-pre-marriage-counseling-in-alborz-province-iran
#20
Razieh Lotfi, Masoumeh Rajabi Naeeni Rajabi Naeeni, Nasrin Rezaei, Malihe Farid, Afsoon Tizvir
Background: The Islamic Republic of Iran has experienced a dramatic decrease in fertility rates in the past three decades. One of the main issues in the field of fertility is the couple's preferences and the desire to bear children. This study aimed to determine desired number of children, fertility preference, and related factors among people referring pre-marriage counseling to clarify their presumed behavior in case of fertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a descriptive analytic cross-sectional survey, conducted during 8 months...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
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