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International Journal of Fertility & Sterility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367306/bull-fertility-and-its-relation-with-density-gradient-selected-sperm
#1
Lynda Allouche, Toufik Madani, Mohamed Mechmeche, Laetitia Clement, Allaoua Bouchemal
BACKGROUND: Sperm selection method is usually used to collect these cells for in vitro-assisted reproduction. Few studies reported the relationship of in vivo fertility and semen parameters after sperm selection; hence, the present study attempted to assess different semen parameters after post-thaw or sperm selection, using density gradient separation BoviPure®, to predict in vivo fertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, frozen semen quality of four Montbeliarde bulls were assessed after post-thaw (PT) or after sperm selection (SSp), using density gradient separation BoviPure®, to predict the fertility rate in vivo...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367305/changes-of-the-uterine-tissue-in-rats-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-induced-by-estradiol-valerate
#2
Ghadire Mirabolghasemi, Zahra Kamyab
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common hormonal disorders that can lead to irregular menstrual cycles and hyperandrogenism. Reduced levels of progesterone and increased estrogen in these women can perpetually stimulate the endometrial tissue of the uterus. In this study, we assess the effect of PCOS induction by estradiol valerate (EV) in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, adult female Wistar rats that weighed approximately 200 g were divided into control, sham, and experimental groups (n=6 per group)...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367304/age-as-a-predictor-of-embryo-quality-regardless-of-the-quantitative-ovarian-response
#3
Juliano Brum Scheffer, Bruno Brum Scheffer, Rafaela Friche de Carvalho, Joyce Rodrigues, Michael Grynberg, Daniel H Mendez Lozano
BACKGROUND: One determining factor of a successful in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle is embryo quality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate associations of embryo quality and reserve markers like age, FSH and AMH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 120 infertile women, aged 21-44 years, undergoing routine exploration during an unstimulated cycle preceding assisted reproductive technology (ART) at our center were studied prospectively, from February 2011 to December 2014...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367303/follicle-stimulating-hormone-and-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-among-fertile-and-infertile-women-in-ile-ife-nigeria-is-there-a-difference
#4
Temitope Okunola, Kayode Olusegun Ajenifuja, Olabisi Morebise Loto, Afolabi Salawu, Stephen Oluseyi Omitinde
BACKGROUND: Reduced ovarian reserve predicts poor ovarian response and poor suc- cess rates in infertile women who undergo assisted reproductive technology (ART). Ovarian reserve also decreases with age but the rate of decline varies from one woman to another. This study aims to detect differences in ovarian reserve as measured by basal serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) between a matched cohort of fertile and infertile regularly menstruating women, 18-45 years of age...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367302/the-frequency-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-endocervix-of-infertile-women-in-northwest-iran
#5
Mohammad Taghi Akhi, Aylin Esmailkhani, Javid Sadeghi, Behrooz Niknafs, Laya Farzadi, Aydin Akhi, Elmira Najafi Nasab
BACKGROUND: Infertility is one of the major social issues. Due to the asymptomatic cervical infection associated with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), the majority of patients remain undiagnosed. The present study intended to assess the frequency of S. aureus isolated from infertile women's endocervix in northwest Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive cross sectional study, specimens were randomly collected during vagina examination using a sterile speculum and swabbing...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367301/identification-of-reproductive-education-needs-of-infertile-clients-undergoing-assisted-reproduction-treatment-using-assessments-of-their-knowledge-and-attitude
#6
Zahra Ezabadi, Fahimeh Mollaahmadi, Maryam Mohammadi, Reza Omani Samani, Samira Vesali
BACKGROUND: In order to empower infertile individuals and provide high quality patient-centered infertility care, it is necessary to recognize and meet infertile individuals' educational needs. This study aims to examine infertility patients' knowledge and subsequently their education needs given their attitudinal approach to infertility education in terms of patients who undergo assisted reproduction treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study enrolled 150 subjects by conveni- ence sampling of all patients who received their first assisted reproductive treatment between July and September 2015 at a referral fertility clinic, Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367300/renal-and-hepatic-functions-after-a-week-of-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-during-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles
#7
Ilaria Romito, Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Attilio Tuscano, Gianluca Leanza, Giulia Musmeci, Vito Leanza, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Marco Antonio Palumbo
BACKGROUND: One the main aspects of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle is to avoid any possible systemic damage on women undergoing a controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). The aim of this work is to evaluate renal and hepatic function blood tests in patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation during IVF cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort analysis. All patients re- ceived a long stimulation protocol with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues by daily administration, since the twenty-first day of the previous ovarian cycle followed by COH with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367299/low-dose-urinary-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-is-effective-for-oocyte-maturation-in-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycles-independent-of-body-mass-index
#8
Luis R Hoyos, Sana Khan, Jing Dai, Manvinder Singh, Michael P Diamond, Elizabeth E Puscheck, Awoniyi O Awonuga
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no agreement on the optimal urinary derived human chorionic gonadotropin (u-hCG) dose requirement for initiating final oocyte maturation prior to oocyte collection in in vitro fertilization (IVF), but doses that range from 2500- 15000 IU have been used. We intended to determine whether low dose u-hCG was effective for oocyte maturation in IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles independent of body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of 295 women who underwent their first IVF/ICSI cycles between January 2003 and December 2010 at the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367298/the-effect-of-coasting-on-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-outcome-in-antagonist-and-agonist-cycle
#9
Z Candan İltemir Duvan, Müberra Namlı Kalem, Yuksel Onaran, Esra Aktepe Keskin, Aylin Ayrım, Aslıhan Pekel, Hasan Kafalı, Nilgün Turhan
BACKGROUND: Coasting can reduce the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) risk in ovulation induction cycles before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This study aimed to investigate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and GnRH antagonist protocols to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) cycles with coasting on the parameters of ICSI cycles and the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, 117 ICSI cycles were per- formed and coasting was applied due to hyperresponse, between 2006 and 2011...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042420/screening-of-two-neighboring-cftr-mutations-in-iranian-infertile-men-with-non-obstructive-azoospermia
#10
Somayeh Heidari, Zohreh Hojati, Majid Motovali-Bashi
The genetic association between cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutations and male infertility due to congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD) is well established. Mutant CFTR, however may also be involved in the etiology of male infertility in non-CBAVD cases. The present study was conducted to estimate the frequency of ∆I507 and ∆F508 CFTR gene mutations in Iranian infertile males. We undertook the first study of association between these CFTR mutations and non-obstructive azoospermia in Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042419/permissibility-of-multifetal-pregnancy-reduction-from-the-shiite-point-of-view
#11
Atefeh Zabihi Bidgoli, Faezeh Azimzadeh Ardbili
BACKGROUND: Advancements in medical technology have significantly increased the possibility of successful infertility treatment. Medical interventions in the initial process of pregnancy that intend to increase the chances of pregnancy create the risk of multifetal pregnancies for both mothers and fetuses. Physicians attempt to reduce the numbers of fetuses in order to decrease this risk and guarantee the continuation of pregnancy. The aim of this paper is to understand the Shiite instruction in terms of the risks multifetal pregnancies have for fetuses and if it is permissible to reduce the numbers of fetuses...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042418/psychometric-properties-of-the-fertility-quality-of-life-instrument-in-infertile-iranian-women
#12
Saman Maroufizadeh, Azadeh Ghaheri, Payam Amini, Reza Omani Samani
BACKGROUND: Infertility and its treatment can have a considerable effect on a person's quality of life (QoL). The Fertility QoL (FertiQoL) questionnaire is currently the most frequently used instrument to measure QoL in people with fertility problems. This study aims to examine the reliability and validity of the FertiQoL in infertile Iranian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 155 women with fertility problems in a referral fertility clinic in Tehran, Iran from January to March 2014...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042417/the-efficacy-of-well-being-therapy-for-depression-in-infertile-women
#13
Majid Moeenizadeh, Haniyeh Zarif
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a major public health problem with physical, psychological and social dimensions. High prevalence of psychological problems has been reported in infertile women. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of well- being therapy (WBT) for depression in infertile women who were referred to an infertility center in Mashhad, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This preliminary trial was conducted at the Montasariya Infertility Center, Mashhad, Iran, between July and October 2011...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042416/which-stage-of-mouse-embryos-is-more-appropriate-for-vitrification
#14
Nasibeh Ghandy, Abbas Ali Karimpur Malekshah
BACKGROUND: Vitrification has been shown as one of the most effective methods of cryopreservation for mammalian embryos. However, there is no consensus which stage of embryonic development is the most appropriate for vitrification with subsequent maximal development after thawing. This study was carried out to explore and compare the effect(s) of vitrification on mouse 2-cell, 4-cell, 8-cell, morula and blastocyst stage embryos and subsequent blast formation and hatching after thawing...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042415/chances-to-have-a-boy-after-gender-selection-by-pre-implantation-genetic-screening-are-reduced-in-couples-with-only-girls-and-without-a-boy-sired-by-the-male-partner
#15
Soryya Panahi, Fariba Fahami, Mohammad Reza Deemeh, Marziyeh Tavalaee, Hamid Gourabi, Mohammad Hossain Nasr-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Gender selection and family planning have their roots in human history. Despite great interest in these fields, very few scientific propositions exist which could explain why some family do not attain the desired sex. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether sex of previous child or children could affect the outcomes of pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study including 218 PGS cases referring to Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center (IFIC)...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042414/lack-of-association-between-cu-t-380a-intrauterine-device-and-secondary-infertility-in-iran
#16
Mahnaz Abdinasab, Razieh Dehghani Firouzabadi, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Ali Mohammad Abdoli
BACKGROUND: The appropriate choice of a contraceptive method has been a major issue in reproductive health research. Cu T intrauterine device (Cu T IUD) has been introduced as one of the most effective contraceptive methods in the world, however, the relationship between prior use of Cu T IUD and secondary infertility has not been evaluated in Iran. To examine the association of Cu T-380A IUD and secondary infertility in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from December 2010 to September 2011 in the Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042413/association-between-nutritional-status-with-spontaneous-abortion
#17
Rahimeh Ahmadi, Saeideh Ziaei, Sosan Parsay
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042412/molecular-detection-and-genotypic-characterization-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-paraffin-embedded-fetoplacental-tissues-of-women-with-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#18
Amir Abdoli, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Haleh Soltanghoraee, Fatemeh Ghaffarifar
BACKGROUND: Congenital toxoplasmosis is an important cause of spontaneous abortion worldwide. However, there is limited information on detection and genotypic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). The aim of this study is the molecular detection and genotypic characterization of T. gondii in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded fetoplacental tissues (FFPTs) of women with RSA that have referred to the Avicenna Research Institute in Tehran, Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042411/clomiphene-citrate-treatment-cycle-outcomes-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients-based-on-basal-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-levels-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Serkan Kahyaoglu, Omer Hamid Yumuşak, Sebnem Ozyer, Meryem Kuru Pekcan, Merve Erel, Mahmut Nedim Cicek, Salim Erkaya, Yasemin Tasci
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is highly associated with an ovulatory infertility, features of the metabolic syndrome, including obesity, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Serum concentrations of high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were significantly higher in obese than in non-obese PCOS patients at baseline, suggesting a relationship between elevated hs-CRP levels and obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether cycle day 3 hs-CRP levels before clomiphene citrate (CC) treatment would predict cycle outcomes in women with PCOS...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695614/expression-profile-of-developmentally-important-genes-in-preand-peri-implantation-goat-embryos-produced-in-vitro
#20
Pouria HosseinNia, Mehdi Hajian, Mojtaba Tahmoorespur, Sayyed Morteza Hosseini, Somayyeh Ostadhosseini, Mohammad Reza Nasiri, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the regulation of gene expression during early goat embryo development. This study investigated the expression profile of 19 genes, known to be critical for early embryo development in mouse and human, at five different stages of goat in vitro embryo development (oocyte, 8-16 cell, morula, day-7 blastocyst, and day 14 blastocyst). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, stage-specific profiling using real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) revealed robust and dynamic patterns of stage-specific gene activity that fall into four major clusters depending on their respective mRNA profiles...
October 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
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