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Iranian Journal of Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883881/zinc-and-copper-metabolism-and-risk-of-autism-a-reply-to-sayehmiri-et-al
#1
Keith Fluegge Ba
OBJECTIVE: Sayehmiri et al. recently conducted a meta-analysis to explore the relationship between zinc and copper metabolism and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Recent reports have elucidated a full behavioral profile of mice exposed to prenatal zinc deficiency and documented a phenotype similar to that found in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). These studies suggest that significant alterations in Zn metabolism may be an important nutritional component in the development of ASD. MATERIALS & METHODS: The idea that prenatal zinc deficiency may be to blame is cursorily challenged...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883880/semi-lobar-holoprosencephaly-with-vertebral-segmentation-defects
#2
Birendra Rai, Farhana Sharif
Holoprosencephaly is the most common embryonic brain defect. Foetuses who survive during intrauterine life are born with varying grades of brain and facial deformities. Extra craniofacial manifestations are common. Vertebral segmentation defects are rarely seen with holoprosencephaly, mainly in association with holoprosencephaly diencephalic hamartoblastoma (HDH) association. A female infant was born at term by normal delivery. Birth head circumference was below the 3rd percentile. Antenatal scan had showed microcephaly as the only abnormality...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883879/limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2e-due-to-a-novel-large-deletion-in-sgcb-gene
#3
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Feyzollah Hashemi-Gorji, Majid Fardaei, Mohammad Miryounesi
Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD type 2) are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases with the main characteristics of weakness and wasting of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Among them are sarcoglycanopathies caused by mutations in at least four genes named SGCA, SGCB, SGCG and SGCD. Here we report a consanguineous Iranian family with two children affected with LGMD type 2E. Mutation analysis revealed a novel homozygous exon 2 deletion of SGCB gene in the patients with the parents being heterozygous for this deletion...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883878/the-report-of-three-rare-cases-of-the-niemann-pick-disease-in-birjand-south-khorasan-eastern-iran
#4
Samaneh Noroozi Asl, Rahim Vakili, Nosrat Ghaemi, Peyman Eshraghi
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare neurovisceral and irreversible disease leading to premature death and disabling neurological signs. This autosomal recessive disease with incidence rate of 1:120000 is caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or the NPC2 gene, which leads to accumulation of cholesterol in body tissues especially brain and progressive neurological symptoms. NP-C is characterized by nonspecific visceral, neurological and psychiatric manifestations in infants. The neurological involvement is typically proceeded by systemic signs (cholestatic jaundice in the neonatal period or isolated spleno-or hepatosplenomegaly in infancy or childhood)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883877/homocystinuria-with-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-excellent-recovery-with-intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#5
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Raghunath C Nanjundappa, Hima Pendharkar, Naveen Benakappa
Hyperhomocysteinemia can cause cerebral venous thrombosis. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is one of the treatment options for cerebral venous thrombosis in selected cases. We present here a 7-year-old boy with homocysteinuria with stroke. MRI of brain showed cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. We successfully treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. He recovered completely without any complications. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator can be considered one of the treatment options in cerebral venous thrombosis in homocystinura...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883876/metabolic-screening-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-delay-seizure-and-or-regression
#6
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Taghdiri, Ezatollah Abasi, Masoud Hassanvand Amouzadeh, Zhila Naghavi, Ahad Ghazavi, Mohammad Mahdi Nasehi, Abbas Alipour
OBJECTIVE: Neurometabolic disorder is one of the important groups of diseases that prominently has presentation early infantile period. In this study, we evaluated the result of metabolic screening of the patient with seizure, developmental delay and/or regression in development, demographic disease clinical and radiological findings on admitted and outpatient visited children. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two-year retrospective review of 187 children with seizure, developmental delay and/or regression in the Mofid Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran was performed...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883875/is-infantile-colic-an-early-life-expression-of-childhood-migraine
#7
Manijeh Tabrizi, Hamidreza Badeli, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh, Ali Shokuhifard
OBJECTIVE: Migraine is the mosyndrome and infantile colic is a common cause of infantile cry. The pathogenesis of migraine and colic has not been well established and different factors may cause them. There is an association between infantile colic and the occurrence of childhood migraine. We aimed to assess whether infantile colic could be noted as an early life expression of childhood migraine or not. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on 5-15-year-old childrenin Rasht, Iran during 2015-2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883874/treatment-of-cystic-craniopharyngioma-with-intracystic-stereotactic-instillation-of-phosphorus-32
#8
Sohrab Shahzadi, Ahmad Soltani, Andia Shahzadi, Khosrow Parsa
OBJECTIVE: Cystic craniopharyngiomas are considered the most common intracranial nonglial tumor in children with the tendency for cyst formations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intracystic phosphorus 32 (P32) therapies on controlling the growth of the cystic component of craniopharyngioma. MATERIALS & METHODS: This clinical study was conducted on 47 patients with cystic craniopharyngioma from March 1998 to June 2012 at Shohada Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883873/circadian-rhythm-and-the-seasonal-variation-in-childhood-febrile-seizure
#9
Reza Sharafi, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the circadian rhythm and the seasonal variation in childhood febrile seizure (FS). MATERIALS & METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted retrospectively on patients' records. Investigators assessed the records of patients with simple FS aged 6 to 60 months referred to Emergency Department of 17-Shahrivar Hospital, Rasht northern Iran during Jan 2010 to Jan 2013. Data were gathered by a checklist including age, sex, temperature, duration of seizure, seasonal, months, diurnal variation, and level of consciousness...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883872/therapeutic-effects-of-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-acth-in-children-with-severely-intractable-seizure
#10
Jafar Nasiri, Azam Sarajan, Mehri Salari, Maryam Sedghi
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of intractable seizures other than spasms is difficult and controversial. There are few studies on efficacy of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in treatment of patients with intractable seizure. MATERIALS & METHODS: Twenty-five patients with intractable seizure other than spasm including 14 boys and 11 girls with median age of 58 months referred to university clinics of Pediatric Neurology in Isfahan, Iran, during 2014-2015 were prospectively investigated...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883871/drug-induced-apnea-in-children-admitted-to-loghman-hakim-hospital-tehran-iran
#11
Narges Gholami, Fathi Alwasabi, Fariba Farnaghi
OBJECTIVE: Environmental hazards, including poisons, can cause irreparable effects and even fatal for children. Poisoning in children is common and serious, but often is preventable and treatable. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of drugs and chemical toxicity leading to apnea. In addition, we detected type of drug that induced apnea among children. MATERIALS & METHODS: In a retrospective cross-sectional study from Apr 2012 to Apr 2013, data of all hospitalized drug-induced Apnea in children were collected through hospital records...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883870/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-gross-motor-development-in-children
#12
Sepideh Amouian, Zahra Abbasi Shaye, Sakineh Mohammadian, Matin Bakhtiari, Bahar Parsianmehr
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a growing epidemic and public health problem in children. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the gross motor development. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2012-13 in Gorgan, northern Iran, the gross motor development of 90 children 3-5 yr old in three groups of lean, normal and obese/overweight were evaluated by the ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ) and Denver 2 scale...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883869/ataxia-in-childhood-epidemiological-clinical-and-neuroradiologic-features-and-the-risk-of-recurrence
#13
REVIEW
Mohsen Javadzadeh, Masoud Hassanvand Amouzadeh, Shaghayegh Sadat Esmail Nejad, Ezatollah Abasi, Abbas Alipour, Mohsen Mollamohammadi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted on the demographic data, clinical characteristics, electroencephalography, neuroradiological findings, and their impact on the recurrence of ataxia. MATERIALS & METHODS: A 3-yr retrospective review of 49 children with ataxia in Mofid Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran was conducted from Apr 2013 to Apr 2016. The demographic, clinical and paraclinical data were recorded in pre-prepared questionnaires. The patients were also classified in two groups of with or without recurrence and the results were compared...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698733/chronic-renal-failure-secondary-to-unrecognized-neurogenic-bladder-in-a-child-with-myelodysplasia
#14
Shameem Ahmed, Siba Prosad Paul
Myelodysplasia includes a group of developmental anomalies resulting from defects that occur during neural tube closure. Urological morbidity in patients with myelodysplasia is significant and if not treated appropriately in a timely manner can potentially lead to progressive renal failure, requiring dialysis or transplantation. We report the case of a 13-year old girl with neurogenic bladder who presented chronic renal failure secondary to lipomyelomeningocele with retethering of cord. She was managed with urinary indwelling catheterization until optimization of renal function and then underwent detethering of cord with excision and repair of residual lipomeningomyelocele...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698732/tumefactive-multiple-sclerosis-variants-report-of-two-cases-of-schilder-and-balo-diseases
#15
Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Ali Reza Tavasoli, Houman Alizadeh, Javad Zare Noghabi, Nima Parvaneh
A tumefactive lesion of central nervous system (CNS) is defined as a mass-like lesion with a size greater than 2 cm in brain detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Neuroimaging may help to distinguish the nature of a tumefactive lesion and therefore, can prevent an unnecessary brain biopsy. Here we emphasized on determining the nature of a CNS tumefactive lesions with the help of MRI and more explanations about demyelinating lesions with focus on Schilder and Balo diseases as two multiple sclerosis variants...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698731/intermittent-hemiplegia-in-a-boy-with-primary-moyamoya-disease-a-case-report-from-iran
#16
Reza Bidaki, Ehsan Zarepur
Moyamoya is a rare chronic progressive occlusive cerebrovascular disease. Its manifestation varies from stroke, progressive learning impairment and transient ischemic attack to headache and seizure. There is no accepted medical treatment and surgery usually, is needed. We report here a case of 8 yr old boy referred to psychiatrist outpatient. An eight yr old boy with intermittent hemiplegia was brought to Imam Ali Clinic, Yazd, Iran in 2015 because his headache and medical problem began from 6 yr old. Stress and excitement exacerbated his condition...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698730/neurobrucellosis-presenting-with-unilateral-abducens-nerve-palsy
#17
Mohsen Andisheh, Susan Amirsalari, Mohammad Torkaman, Marzieh Sabzechian, Shahla Afsharpaiman
One of the rare complications of brucellosis is neurobrucellosis. There have been numerous reports showing clinical forms of brucellosis affecting CNS, such as cranial nerve involvement, myelitis, vascular disease, radiculoneuritis, meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and demyelinating disease. In this case report, we introduce a 2.5 yr old girl with unilateral abducens nerve palsy referred to Baghiyatallah Hospital Outpatient Clinic, Tehran, Iran in June 2015.
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698729/neurological-and-vascular-manifestations-of-ethylmalonic-encephalopathy
#18
Ali Reza Tavasoli, Parastoo Rostami, Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Parvaneh Karimzadeh
Objective Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a severe mitochondrial disease of early infancy clinically characterized by a combination of developmental delay, progressive pyramidal signs, and vascular lesions including petechial purpura, orthostatic acrocyanosis, and chronic hemorrhagic diarrhea. Biochemical hallmarks of the disease are persistently high level of lactate, and C4-C5-acylcarnitines in blood, markedly elevated urinary excretion of methylsuccinic and ethylmalonic (EMA) acids. Here we report two patients with EE as a 16-months-old male infant and a 2-yr-old boy referred to Pediatric Neurology Clinic in Children's Medical Center, Tehran-Iran that in one patient genetic analysis revealed a homozygous mutation of the ETHE1 gene in favor of ethylmalonic acidemia...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698728/association-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-epileptic-patients
#19
Jaydip Ray Chaudhuri, Kandadai Rukmini Mridula, Chakrala Rathnakishore, Banda Balaraju, Vcs Srinivasarao Bandaru
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder requiring long-term therapy using antiepileptic medications. Reports have incriminated long-term antiepileptic drugs use in deficiency of vitamin D and bone diseases in all age groups. We aimed to investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and pediatric epilepsy in Indian patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: We prospectively recruited 100 pediatric epilepsy patients, on monotherapy for minimum one-year duration, and 50 age and sex matched controls...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698727/differences-in-mean-platelet-volume-and-platelet-count-between-children-with-simple-and-complex-febrile-seizures
#20
Ali Nikkhah, Mohammad Reza Salehiomran, Seyedeh Samane Asefi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to find the relationship of MPV (Mean Platelet Volume) levels and platelet counts as markers of inflammation between simple and complex febrile seizures. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this retrospective comparative study, we investigated the recordings of 356 children between 5 months and 6 yr with diagnosis of simple and complex febrile seizure (SFS&CFS) in Amircola's Children's Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran between Mar 2011 and Dec 2015...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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