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Iranian Journal of Child Neurology

PrastiyaIndra Gunawan, Lusiana Lusiana, Darto Saharso
Objective Proteus syndrome is a rare overgrowth disorder including bone, soft tissue, and skin. Central nervous system manifestations were reported in about 40% of the patients including hemimegalencephaly and the resultant hemicranial hyperplasia, convulsions and mental deficiency. We report a 1-month-old male baby referred to Pediatric Neurology Clinic Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia in 2014 presented recurrent seizures since birth with asymmetric dysmorphic face with the right side larger than the left, subcutaneous mass and linear nevi...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Ibrahim Ilker Oz, Evrim Bozay Oz, Ismail Şerifoğlu, Nurullah Kaya, Oktay Erdem
Objective Cerebellar ischemic infarction is a rare complication of minor head trauma. Vertebral artery dissection, vasospasm or systemic hypo perfusion can cause infarct. However, underlying causes of the ischemic infarct cannot be explained in nearly half of cases. The accurate diagnosis is essential to ensure appropriate treatment. Here we report a five yr old boy patient of cerebellar infraction after minor head trauma, admitted to emergency serves of BulentEcevit University, Turkey in 2013. We aimed to remind minor head trauma that causes cerebellar infarction during childhood, and to review the important points of the diagnosis, which should be keep in mind...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Narjes Jafari, Habibeh Nejad Biglari, Sayena Jabbehdari, Simin Khayat Zadeh, Farzad Ahmad Abadi, Azra Lotfi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the clinical and para clinical manifestations of neuro metabolic disorders, in patients who presented by neuro developmental delay in their neuro developmental milestones. MATERIALS & METHODS: The patients diagnosed as neuro developmental delay and regression with or without seizure at the Neurology Department of Mofid Children Hospital in Tehran, Iran between 2004 and 2014 were included in our study. These patients diagnosed as neuro developmental delay by pediatric neurologists in view of diagnostic /screening neuro developmental assessment tests...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Firoozeh Sajedi, Mahbobeh Ahmadi Doulabi, Roshanak Vameghi, Mohammad Ali Mazaheri, Alireza Akbarzadehbaghban
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of children's development and the role of psychological status of mothers in this regard, this study investigated the relationship of mothers' psychological status (stress, anxiety and depression) with the development of children aged 36-60 months. MATERIALS & METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 1036 mothers and their children, aged 36 to 60 months, in different kindergartens in Tehran City, Iran, in 2014-2015. Participants were selected through multi-stage random sampling...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Kokab Namakin, Mahmoud Zardast, Golamreza Sharifzadeh, Toktam Bidar, Samaneh Zargarian
OBJECTIVE: Febrile seizure (FS) is one of the most common neurological problems during childhood.Pathogenesis of febrile convulsion is unknown. This study investigated some trace elements among children admitted with FS compared with thoseof febrile without seizure attacks. MATERIALS & METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on48 children (6 months to 5 yrold) diagnosed with febrile seizure as the cases and 48 age-matched febrile children as the control group...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Prakash Poudel, Mohit Chitlangia, Rita Pokharel
OBJECTIVE: Various factors have been claimed to predict outcome of afebrile seizures in children. This study was aimed to find out the predictors of poor seizure control in children at a resource limited setting. MATERIALS & METHODS: This prospective study was done from July 1st, 2009 to January 31st, 2012 at B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal. Children (1 month-20 yr of age) with afebrile seizures presenting to pediatric neurology clinic were studied...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mahtab Poor Zamany Nejatkermany, Ehsan Modirian, Mohammadreza Soroush, Mehdi Masoumi, Maryam Hosseini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of phantom limb sensation (PLS) and phantom limb pain (PLP) in children and young adults suffering landmine-related amputation. MATERIALS & METHODS: All youths with amputation due to landmine explosions participated in this study. The proportions of patients with phantom limb sensation/pain, intensity and frequency of pain were reported. Chi square test was used to examine the relationship between variables. Comparison of PLP and PLS between upper and lower amputation was done by unpaired t-test...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Farshid Shamsaei, Fatemeh Cheraghi, Gholamreza Zamani
OBJECTIVE: Mental health problems frequently occur in children with epilepsy but the diagnosis is frequently missed and therapeutic opportunities are often lost. The aim of this study was to compare mental health statues between school-aged children with epilepsy and the healthy group. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this case, control study, 120 children aged 6 to 12 years with idiopathic epilepsy and 240 healthy control groups were followed up. Children with epilepsy were enrolled from Iranian Epilepsy Association in 2014...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Hooshang Dadgar, Mohammad Reza Hadian, Ortega Adriana Lira
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the presence of abnormal oral reflexes and speech sound production in children with severe cerebral palsy. MATERIALS & METHODS: Seven oral reflexes such as, rooting, mouth-opening, biting, chewing, lip, tongue, and suckling were examined in 52Persian-speaking monolingual children with spastic cerebral palsy (ages 5-10 yr).Phonetic information tests were administered to investigate their ability for articulation of the speech sounds...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Reza Dalirani, Abolfazl Mahyar, Parviz Ayazi, Ghazaleh Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: Renal diseases are one of the most common causes of referrals and admissions of children, hence it is important to know their neurological presentations. This study aimed to determine neurological presentations of renal diseases in children. MATERIAL & METHODS: A total of 634 children with renal diseases, admitted to Qazvin Pediatric Hospital, Qazvin, central Iran from 2011 to 2013 were studied. Neurological presentations of patients were established and the results were analyzed using statistical tests...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mohammad Reza Najafi, Mohammad Amin Najafi, Zahra Nasr
Growing evidence indicates the safety and well toleration of treatment by Disease-modifying in children suffering multiple sclerosis (MS). The treatment is not straight forward in a great number of patients, thus patients with pediatric MS must be managed by experienced specialized centers. Common treatments of multiple sclerosis for adults are first-line therapies. These therapies (firstline) are safe for children. Failure in treatment that leads to therapy alteration is almost prevalent in pediatric MS. Toleration against current second-line therapies has been shown in multiple sclerosis children...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Danesh Soltani, Majid Ghaffar Pour, Abbas Tafakhori, Payam Sarraf, Sama Bitarafan
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by interruption of normal neuronal functions that is manifested by behavioral disorders, changing of awareness level, and presence of some sensory, autonomic and motor symptoms or signs. It is resulted from many different causes. Many antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are considered to manage epileptic attacks. Some of them change metabolism and absorption of many nutrients. Therefore, epileptic patients may be in higher risk of nutrient deficiency and its unwelcome effects...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Reza Bidaki, Ehsan Zarepur, Maryam Akrami, Mohammad Mohammad
Objective Conversion disorder (CD) is a mental disorder in which patient displays neurological symptoms such as blindness, mutism, paralysis and seizure. It starts when our mind converts our mental stress into a physical symptom. A 15-year-old single white female with chronic cough, which had begun 5 months ago, was brought to our clinic. She had no history of hospitalization. His daily cough was without sputum production or fever, rhinorrhea and stopped during sleep. There was no recent exposure to tobacco smoke or a person with a chronic productive cough...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Farah Ashrafzadeh, Arianeh Sadrnabavi, Javad Akhondian, Mehran Beiraghi Toosi, Mohammadhassan Mohammadi, Kazem Hassanpour
Objective Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder presented by jerky movement, speech delay and cognitive disability epilepsy as well as dysmorphic features. It occurs due to an expression deletion in 15q11-q13 chromosome. In this article, we present an eight yr boy referred to Pediatrics Neurologic Clinic Mashhad, Iran for speech delay. He had abnormal behavior ataxia unusual laughing facial expression intellectual disability and mandibular prognathism. Metabolic screening tests and brain MRI were normal...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mohaddeseh Azadvari, Seyedeh Zahra Emami Razavi, Shahrbanoo Kazemi
Objective The Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic neuropathy (HSAN) is a rare group of neuropathies that affects the Sensory and Autonomic nervous system. The patients do not have the ability of sensing different sensations such as pain and temperature, which tends to lead to different injuries. In addition, due to autonomic involvement, the patients suffer from fluctuation in body temperature periodically and lack of precipitation. HSAN is divided into 5 types according to the age of onset, clinical features, and inheritance...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Reza Najafi, Mahin Hashemipour, Neda Mostofizadeh, Mohammadreza Ghazavi, Jafar Nasiri, Armindokht Shahsanai, Fatemeh Famori, Fatemeh Najafi, Mohammad Moafi
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic disorders, which involve many different organs, can be ascribed to enzyme deficiency or dysfunction and manifest with a wide range of clinical symptoms. This study evaluated some of the demographic and clinical findings in pediatric patients affected by organic acidemia. MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of a larger study conducted in patients with metabolic disorders during a period of 7 years from 2007 to 2014 in Isfahan Province, Iran...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Mansour Sadeghzadeh, Parisa Khoshnevisasl, Mehdi Parvaneh, Noreddin Mousavinasab
OBJECTIVE: Premature birth is an important factor for mortality and morbidity of neonates. This study was designed to evaluate the outcome of preterm neonates who needed neonatal intensive care (NICU) hospitalization after 6 yr at their entrance to the school. MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted on premature neonates consecutively hospitalized in NICU of Valie Asr Hospital (the Academic Pediatric Hospital, Zanjan, Northwestern Iran) from September 2001 to September 2003...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Razieh Fallah, Samaneh Habibian, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam
OBJECTIVE: Reduction of pain of invasive procedures in neonates can prevent pain side effects. The purpose of present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a single low dose of intravenous fentanyl in reducing of lumbar puncture (LP) pain in neonates. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, registered with code number of 2014022616761N150, admitted neonates to Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Yazd, Iran from August-April 2012 (45 cases) were randomly assigned into two groups to receive 2 μg/kg of intravenous fentanyl or 0...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Tahereh Najafi Fard, Masoume Pourmohamadrezatajrishi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Pouria Pouria, Hosein Delavar Kasmaei
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease. Evidence has indicated that epilepsy has an impact on mental and physical health of children. The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of attribution retraining on health enhancement of epileptic children. MATERIALS & METHODS: This was an experimental study with a pre-test and a post-test design with a control group. Thirty students with epilepsy (11 female and 19 male students) were selected in convenience from Iranian Epilepsy Association...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Maryam Rojhani Shirazi, Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni, Eznollah Azargashb, Mehdi Derakhshannia, Elham Aghdasta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and validate the psychometric properties of the Quality of Life Kindl questionnaire. MATERIALS & METHODS: Parents of 4-7 yr-old healthy and ill children referred to Mofid Children Hospital in Tehran in 2013, Iran were sampled randomly in two groups each of which 130 people. After translation, the questionnaie's validity and reliability was evaluated and was confirmed for face and content validity. Questionnaire was also completed by two (one healthy and one ill) groups for which inclusion criteria included consent of the parents, age of the children being beween 4 and 7 yr, and presence of the child in a nursery school, kindergarten, school or any class at least for one month...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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