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Iranian Journal of Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277561/ataxia-oculomotor-apraxia-type-1-in-the-siblings-of-a-family-a-novel-mutation
#1
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Simin Khayatzadeh Kakhki, Shaghayegh Sadat Esmail Nejad, Masood Houshmand, Mohammad Ghofrani
Although AOA1 (ataxia oculomotor apraxia1) is one of the most common causes of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias in Japanese population, it is reported from all over the world. The clinical manifestations are similar to ataxia telangiectasia in which non-neurological manifestations are absent and include almost 10% of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias. Dysarthria and gait disorder are the most two common and typical manifestations. Oculomotor apraxia is usually seen a few years after the manifestations start...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277560/acute-necrotizing-encephalopathy-of-childhood-anec-a-case-report
#2
Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh
Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy of childhood (ANEC) is a specific type of encephalopathy. After viral infection, it can be diagnosed by bilateral symmetrical lesions predominantly observed in thalami & brainstem of infants & children. Although, it is commonly occurred in Japanese and Taiwanese population. The goal of this article is to report a rare case of ANEC in a 15 months old girl infant from Thaleghani Hospital, Ramian, Gorgan, northern Iran.
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277559/association-of-a-novel-nonsense-mutation-in-kiaa1279-with-goldberg-shprintzen-syndrome
#3
Shadab Salehpour, Feyzollah Hashemi-Gorji, Ziba Soltani, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Mohammad Miryounesi
Goldberg-Shprintzen syndrome (OMIM 609460) (GOSHS) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital anomaly syndrome distinguished by intellectual disability, microcephaly, and dysmorphic facial characteristics. Most affected individuals also have Hirschsprung disease and/or gyral abnormalities of the brain. This syndrome has been associated with KIAA1279 gene mutations at 10q22.1. Here we report a 16 yr old male patient referred to Center for Comprehensive Genetic Services, Tehran, Iran in 2015 with cardinal features of GOSHS in addition to refractory seizures...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277558/feasible-relation-between-glutathione-peroxidase-and-febrile-seizure
#4
Abolfazl Mahyar, Parviz Ayazi, Reza Dalirani, Behzad Mohammad Hoseini, Mohammad Reza Sarookhani, Amir Javadi, Shiva Esmaeily
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the relationship between serum glutathione peroxidase and febrile seizure. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this case-control study, 43 children with simple febrile seizure (case group) were compared with 43 febrile children without seizure (control group) in terms of serum glutathione peroxidase level, measured by ELISA method. This study was conducted in Qazvin Children Hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in Qazvin, Iran in 2012-2013...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277557/inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-10-meter-walk-test-in-the-community-dweller-adults-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#5
Fariba Bahrami, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Mehdi Dadgoo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigation the intra-rater and inter-raters reliability of the 10 meter walk test (10 MWT) in adults with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS & METHODS: Thirty ambulatory adults with spastic CP in the summer of 2014 participated (19 men, 11 women; mean age 28 ± 7 yr, range 18- 46 yr). Individuals were non-randomly selected by convenient sampling from the Ra'ad Rehabilitation Goodwill Complex in Tehran, Iran. They had GMFCS levels below IV (I, II, and III)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277556/a-psychometric-study-of-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-development-in-persian-language-children
#6
Nadia Azari, Farin Soleimani, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
OBJECTIVE: Bayley Scales of infant & toddler development is a well-known diagnostic developmental assessment tool for children aged 1-42 months. Our aim was investigating the validity & reliability of this scale in Persian speaking children. MATERIALS & METHODS: The method was descriptive-analytic. Translation- back translation and cultural adaptation was done. Content & face validity of translated scale was determined by experts' opinions. Overall, 403 children aged 1 to 42 months were recruited from health centers of Tehran, during years of 2013-2014 for developmental assessment in cognitive, communicative (receptive & expressive) and motor (fine & gross) domains...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277555/frequency-and-causes-of-hypotonia-in-neonatal-period-with-the-gestational-age-of-more-than-36-weeks-in-nicu-of-mofid-children-hospital-tehran-iran-during-2012-2014
#7
Nosratollah Seyed Shahabi, Hossain Fakhraee, Mohammad Kazemian, Abolfazl Afjeh, Minoo Fallahi, Maryam Shariati, Fatemeh Gorji
OBJECTIVE: Hypotonia is a serious neurologic problem in neonatal period. Although hypotonia is a nonspecific clinical finding but it is the most common motor disorder in the newborn. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of neonatal hypotonia then to ascertain of the most common causes. MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross -sectional prospective study was carried out on the 3281 term infants hospitalized in conventional and NICU of Mofid Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran during 2012-2014...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277554/morphological-changes-of-anterior-cerebral-artery-aca-in-hydrocephalic-pediatric-patients
#8
Sait Ozturk, Erdogan Ayan, Metin Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: The morphology of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) in patients with hydrocephalus (HCP) was analyzed, and its importance was discussed in maintaining cerebral perfusion. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 84 cases in 2 groups between 0 and 3 months, followed-up at Firat Universitesi Hastanesi, Beyin Cerrahisi Klinigi, Elazig, Turkiye due to in 2010-2013, were enrolled. Two groups were created for the study. Group 1; patients with HCP and Group 2; as control group without HCP...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277553/the-impact-of-dynamic-seating-on-classroom-behavior-of-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Nader Matin Sadr, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Sayyed Ali Samadi, Mehdi Rassafiani, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Hossein Hassanabadi
OBJECTIVE: Children with autism have sitting and on-task behavior problems in class. In this study, the effect of three alternative classroom-seating devices such as regular classroom chairs, therapy balls, and air cushions were examined on students' classroom behavior. MATERIALS & METHODS: 15 students with autism participated in this A1-B-A2-C multiple treatments study from Mashhad's Tabasom School, Mashhad, Iran in 2014. Students' behaviors were video recorded in three phases: sitting on their common chairs during phase A, air-sit cushioned in phase B, and ball chairs in phase C...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277552/childhood-epilepsy-prognostic-factors-in-predicting-the-treatment-failure
#10
Mohammad Mehdi Taghdiri, Mahmoud Omidbeigi, Sina Asaadi, Eznollah Azargashb, Mohammad Ghofrani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to find the prognostic factors to detect the patients who fail the treatment of epilepsy, in the early stages of the disease. MATERIALS &METHODS: This study was done on the epileptic patients attending the Neurology Clinic of Mofid Children's Hospital, Tehran, Iran from September 2013 to October 2014. After defining the criteria for exclusion and inclusion, the patients were divided to two groups based on responding to the medical treatment for their epilepsy and indices were recorded for all the patients to be used in the statistical analyses...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277551/comparison-of-diffuse-weighted-imaging-and-fluid-attenuation-inversion-recovery-sequences-of-mri-in-brain-multiple-sclerosis-plaques-detection
#11
Reza Nafisi-Moghadam, Abolghasem Rahimdel, Tahereh Shanbehzadeh, Razieh Fallah
OBJECTIVE: Suitable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques from conventional to new devices can help physicians in diagnosis and follow up of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of present research was to compare effectiveness of Fluid Attenuation Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) sequence of conventional MRI and Diffuse Weighted Imaging (DWI) sequence as a new technique in detection of brain MS plaques. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this analytic cross sectional study, sample size was assessed as 40 people to detect any significant difference between two sequences with a level of 0...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277550/participation-of-iranian-cerebral-palsy-children-in-life-areas-a-systematic-review-article
#12
REVIEW
Marzieh Pashmdarfard, Malek Amini, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of chronic disability that restricts participation in areas of occupations for children. The main aim of rehabilitation is enhancement of their clients for participation in occupations. The aim of this study was to overview of the factors influencing the participations of children with CP in Iran. MATERIALS & METHODS: A systematic, evidence-based process (Duffy 2005) was used. For data gathering electronic databases including Google scholar and Iranian and foreigner famous journals in the fields of pediatrics, were used...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843472/sciatic-nerve-injection-palsy-in-children
#13
Viraat Harsh, Romy B Chengazhacherril, Kanika Sharma, Piyush Kalakoti, Utkarsh Gupta, Waqar Ahmad, Anil Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843471/brain-on-fires-super-refractory-seizure-in-a-7-yr-old-boy
#14
Alireza Tavasoli, Behdad Gharib, Houman Alizadeh, Hossein Farshadmoghaddam, Sara Memarian, Mahmoodreza Ashrafi, Meisam Sharifzade
We present a 7 yr old boy afflicted with super-refractory seizure that responded poorly to antiepileptic drugs and sustained a long course of hospitalization and complications of high doses of medications as well as longstanding stay in hospital. The differential diagnoses were, fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy (FIRES), and infectious and autoimmune encephalitis. However, work-ups had not revealed any evidence of any specific diagnosis, so we assumed that he was afflicted by viral infectious encephalitis as he had, fever, vomiting, and prodromal symptoms of infectious (most probably viral) disease prior to onset of the seizure attacks...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843470/childhood-neurogenic-stuttering-due-to-bilateral-congenital-abnormality-in-globus-pallidus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Mohammad Javad Saeedi, Ebrahim Esfandiary, Mostafa Almasi Dooghaee
Objective The basal ganglia are a group of structures that act as a cohesive functional unit. They are situated at the base of the forebrain and are strongly connected with the cerebral cortex and thalamus. Some speech disorders such as stuttering can resulted from disturbances in the circuits between the basal ganglia and the language motor area of the cerebral cortex. Stuttering consists of blocks, repetitive, prolongation or cessation of speech. We present a 7.5 -year-old male child with bilateral basal ganglia lesion in globus pallidus with unclear reason...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843469/moyamoya-syndrome-associated-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#16
Reza Shiari, Seyed Mohamad Hossein Tabatabaei Nodushan, Mohamad Mahdi Mohebbi, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohsen Javadzadeh
Some reports have shown the association between Moyamoya syndrome and autoimmune diseases. Herewith, we present a 3.5 yr old girl with Henoch- Schönleinpurpura (HSP) who was treated with steroids because of sever colicky abdominal pain. However, central nervous system manifestations such as headache, ataxia and vision impairment developed during 6 months of her outpatient follow-up. More evaluation using MRA revealed intracranial stenosis of internal carotid artery and arterial collaterals that were in favor of Moyamoya syndrome...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843468/chitotriosidase-activity-and-gene-polymorphism-in-iranian-patients-with-gaucher-disease-and-sibling-carriers
#17
Hadi Mozafari, Mohammad Taghikhani, Shohreh Khatami, Mohammad Reza Alaei, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Zohreh Rahimi
OBJECTIVE: Chitotriosidase (CT) activity is a useful biomarker for diagnosis and monitoring of Gaucher disease (GD). Its application is limited by some variants in the CT gene. Two main polymorphisms are 24 bp duplication and G102S led to reduce CT activity. The aim of this study was to determine these variants influencing on plasma CT activity. MATERIALS & METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 33 patients with GD, 15 sibling carriers and 105 healthy individuals serving as controls...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843467/comparison-of-relation-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-and-without-simple-febrile-seizure-admitted-in-arak-central-iran
#18
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Smira Safi Arian, Somaieh Ebrahimi, Mahdyieh Naziri
OBJECTIVE: Febrile seizure is one of the most prevalent childhood convulsions with the most common age of onset at 14-18 mo old. Fever decreases the brain threshold for seizure. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is also a neurologic-behavioral problem defined by attention deficit and hyperactivity according to DSM-IV criteria in which the child must have these signs in two different environments. There is controversy on the possible relation between febrile seizure and ADHD; while some studies approve a strong relation, some exclude any relation and some attribute ADHD to the side effects of other reasons...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843466/the-relationship-between-motor-function-and-behavioral-function-in-infants-with-low-birth-weight
#19
Malek Amini, Faranak Aliabadi, Mehdi Alizade, Majid Kalani, Mostafa Qorbani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the evaluation of all aspects of infant development is important. However, in practice, some of these assessments, especially those requiring more manipulation on high-risk infants, may impose additional stress on them. Therefore, sometimes it is essential to utilize the results of a developmental assessment for the prediction of some other aspects of development. This study evaluated the relationship between the scores of the behavioral tests and the motor function test...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843465/path-analysis-association-between-domestic-violence-anxiety-depression-and-perceived-stress-in-mothers-and-children-s-development
#20
Roshanak Vameghi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Firoozeh Sajedi, Homeira Sajjadi, Hamid Alavi Majd
OBJECTIVE: Given that several factors involved in the incidence or exacerbation of developmental disorders in children, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between some of the risk factors affecting mothers' health and development in children using path analysis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The present cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 750 mothers and their children in health centers in Tehran, Iran in 2014 enrolled through multi-stage random sampling...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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