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Iranian Journal of Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201129/cerebral-vasculitis-in-a-case-of-meningitis
#1
Devdeep Mukherjee, Agnisekhar Saha
Cerebral vasculitis is a serious complication of meningitis with Streptococcus pneumoniae. We report a 5 yr old girl who was admitted in May 2015 at Fortis Hospital, Kolkata, India and was diagnosed to have pneumococcal meningitis with vasculitis on DWMRI within a week of onset of fever. She was given high dose of methyl-prednisolone simultaneously with antibiotics and successfully treated without any neuro-sequelae. Although vasculitis has been documented to develop as sequelae to bacterial meningitis usually in the second week, our patient had an early presentation...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201128/a-highlighted-case-for-emphasizing-on-clinical-diagnosis-for-rare-syndrome-in-third-world
#2
Fatemeh Owlia, Mohammad-Hassan Akhavan Karbassi, Roqayeh Hakimian, Mohammad Sadegh Alemrajabi
Premature tooth loss is a disastrous situation that affects deciduous or permanent teeth era with different causes. It may be attributed to some disorders like Papillon-Lefevre syndrome or coffin-lowry syndrome but because of ambiguous nature, precise diagnosis is not easily possible. Moreover, it has very low incidence and defines by few and limited case series, with vague characters to some extent, confusion in detecting the right diagnosis is a common possibility. Hence, it is expectable to have a wrong diagnosis for this case...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201127/another-limping-child-an-interesting-diagnosis-journey
#3
Mehrnoush Hassas Yeganeh, Khosro Rahmani, Shokuh Hashemi, Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni, Reza Sinae, Mohammad Reza Fathi, Reza Shiari
Limp is described as any deviation from a normal gait pattern for the child's age. Limping takes many forms and is one of the most enigmatic complaints in pediatric medicine. It is never normal, and both benign and life-threatening illnesses can present with limp. The provisional diagnosis can be a challenge to establish even after history, physical, and laboratory examinations.
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201126/neurological-crises-after-discontinuation-of-nitisinone-ntbc-treatment-in-tyrosinemia
#4
Naser Honar, Nader Shakibazad, Zahra Serati Shirazi, Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Soroor Inaloo
Objective: Tyrosinemia type 1 is a hereditary disorder with liver, kidney and nervous system involvement. Neurological crises can occur in tyrosinemic patients without treatment or when treatment stops. Here we report three children that developed diaphragmatic paralysis after discontinuation of nitisinone. In patients with tyrosinemia type 1, combined treatment with nitisinone and a low-tyrosine diet have prevented neurological crises. The purpose of this article was to express the importance of taking nitisinone (NTBC) for tyrosinemia diseases and risks of inadvertent discontinuation...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201125/glutaric-aciduriatype-1-clinical-and-molecular-study-in-iranian-patients-3-novel-mutations
#5
Zahra Pirzadeh, Massoud Houshmand, Jafar Nasiri, Mohsen Mollamohammadi, Mostafa Sedighi, Seyed Hassan Tonekaboni
Objective: Glutaricaciduria type 1 (GA1), is a rare, treatable neuro metabolic disease, due to glutaryl- CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) gene mutation.In regions without neonatal blood screening (NBS), patients are diagnosed in symptomatic period. This study was carried out to assess patients with GA1 for clinical, biochemical, neuroimaging findings and GCDH gene mutations analysis. Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, clinical manifestation, neuroimaging and metabolic findings of eleven Iranian GA1 patients of MofidChildren's Hospital, Tehran, Iranbetween 2001 and 2011,were evaluated...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201124/does-parent-report-gross-motor-function-level-of-cerebral-palsy-children-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-in-these-children
#6
Marzieh Pashmdarfard, Malek Amini, Reza Shervin Badv, Narges Ghaffarzade Namazi, Mehdi Rassafiani
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of parent report gross motor function level of cerebral palsy (CP) children on the parent report quality of life of CP children. Materials & Methods: Sampling of this cross-sectional study was done in occupational therapy clinics and CP children's schools in 2016 in Zanjan, Iran. Samples size was 60 CP children aged 6-12 yr and for sampling method, a non-probability convenience was used. For assessing the quality of life of CP children the cerebral palsy quality of life (CP QOL) questionnaire and for assessing the level of gross motor function of CP children the Gross Motor Function Classification System Family Report Questionnaire (GMFCSFRQ) were used...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201123/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-on-handgrip-and-active-range-of-motion-of-hand-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Zabih Allah RASTIl, Alireza Shamsoddini, Hamid Dalvand, Sina Labaf
Objective: Kinesio taping is a relatively new technique, which uses in rehabilitation of neurologic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Kinesio taping on hand grip and active range of motion of hand in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Materials and Methods: In this experimental study with pre-test and three post-tests, 32 children with CP randomly were placed in experimental (n=17) and control group (n=15).Kinesio taping was applied on dorsum of forearm and hand...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201122/quasi-experimental-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-reliving-migraine-headaches-in-migraine-sufferers
#8
Hosein Ebrahimi Moghadam, Ahoo Karimi, Kimia Seifi
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on relieving migraine headaches in migraine sufferers. Materials & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test method, the samples were outpatients of public hospitals in Ilam City, southwestern Iran since May-Jul 2010. They were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and divided into experimental and control groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201121/assessment-of-toxoplasma-seropositivity-in-children-suffering-from-anxiety-disorders
#9
Shahla Afsharpaiman, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi, Mojtaba Mahmoodinejad, Shahnaz Shirbazoo, Susan Amirsalari, Mohammad Torkaman, Shokoofeh Radfar
Objective: This study aimed to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in children with anxiety disorders. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between Sep 2012 and May 2013 in Pediatrics Clinic of Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Children were assessed clinically. Diagnosis of patients with anxiety disorders was based on DSM-4 system, performed by child psychiatrist. Then their anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were measured. A questionnaire was verbally administered to all individuals' parents including demographic information and questions about life style, family history, medical history, economic situation, residence, nutritional patterns and contact with animals...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201120/long-term-video-eeg-monitoring-findings-in-children-and-adolescents-with-intractable-epilepsy
#10
Yasaman Ghazavi, Ebrahim Asayesh Zarchi, Taher Taheri, Mahdi Safiabadi, Elham Rahimian, Susan Amirsalari
Objective: Long Term Video-EEG Monitoring (LTM) may give us important information in the preoperative assessment of these patients. We performed this study for the first time in pediatric age group in Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 43 children between 4 to 18 yr, with intractable epilepsy referred to Shefa Neuroscience Research Center, Tehran, Iranfrom2007-2012, were enrolled to study in order to evaluate their long-term video EEG findings...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201119/fordyce-happiness-program-and-performance-for-mothers-of-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-referring-healthcare-team-in-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2015
#11
Zeinab Hemati, Samira Abbasi, Parastoo Oujian, Davood Kiani
Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of happiness program on performance for mothers of children with cleft lip and palate. Materials & Methods: In this semi experimental study, 64 mothers of children with cleft lip and palate referring healthcare team in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran were enrolled by simple random sampling in 2015. They were divided to two groups of control and intervention. Then, the program of happiness training was implemented within 10 sessions of two hours each and performance questionnaire were filled out prior two months after the last session...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201118/duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-dmd-protein-protein-interaction-mapping
#12
Mostafa Rezaei Tavirani, Farshad OkHOVATIAN, Mona Zamanian Azodi, Majid Rezaei Tavirani
Objective: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the mortal diseases, subjected to study in terms of molecular investigation. In this study, the protein interaction map of this muscle-wasting condition was generated to gain a better knowledge of interactome profile of DMD. Materials & Methods: Applying Cytoscape and String Database, the protein-protein interaction network was constructed and the gene ontology of the constructed network was analyzed for biological process, molecular function, and cellular component annotations...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201117/the-effect-of-baby-walker-on-child-development-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Shervin Badihian, Negin Adihian, Omid Yaghini
Objective: Baby walkers are used all around the world as fun equipment without any dangers. In contrast with public beliefs, some researchers have claimed they can cause developmental delay. We aimed to investigate their effect on child development through a systematic review. Materials & Methods: We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Scopus for related articles in English and included all study designs. All articles, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria, were included without considering the year of publication...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883881/zinc-and-copper-metabolism-and-risk-of-autism-a-reply-to-sayehmiri-et-al
#14
Keith Fluegge Ba
OBJECTIVE: Sayehmiri et al. recently conducted a meta-analysis to explore the relationship between zinc and copper metabolism and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Recent reports have elucidated a full behavioral profile of mice exposed to prenatal zinc deficiency and documented a phenotype similar to that found in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). These studies suggest that significant alterations in Zn metabolism may be an important nutritional component in the development of ASD. MATERIALS & METHODS: The idea that prenatal zinc deficiency may be to blame is cursorily challenged...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883880/semi-lobar-holoprosencephaly-with-vertebral-segmentation-defects
#15
Birendra Rai, Farhana Sharif
Holoprosencephaly is the most common embryonic brain defect. Foetuses who survive during intrauterine life are born with varying grades of brain and facial deformities. Extra craniofacial manifestations are common. Vertebral segmentation defects are rarely seen with holoprosencephaly, mainly in association with holoprosencephaly diencephalic hamartoblastoma (HDH) association. A female infant was born at term by normal delivery. Birth head circumference was below the 3rd percentile. Antenatal scan had showed microcephaly as the only abnormality...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883879/limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2e-due-to-a-novel-large-deletion-in-sgcb-gene
#16
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Feyzollah Hashemi-Gorji, Majid Fardaei, Mohammad Miryounesi
Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD type 2) are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases with the main characteristics of weakness and wasting of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Among them are sarcoglycanopathies caused by mutations in at least four genes named SGCA, SGCB, SGCG and SGCD. Here we report a consanguineous Iranian family with two children affected with LGMD type 2E. Mutation analysis revealed a novel homozygous exon 2 deletion of SGCB gene in the patients with the parents being heterozygous for this deletion...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883878/the-report-of-three-rare-cases-of-the-niemann-pick-disease-in-birjand-south-khorasan-eastern-iran
#17
Samaneh Noroozi Asl, Rahim Vakili, Nosrat Ghaemi, Peyman Eshraghi
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare neurovisceral and irreversible disease leading to premature death and disabling neurological signs. This autosomal recessive disease with incidence rate of 1:120000 is caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or the NPC2 gene, which leads to accumulation of cholesterol in body tissues especially brain and progressive neurological symptoms. NP-C is characterized by nonspecific visceral, neurological and psychiatric manifestations in infants. The neurological involvement is typically proceeded by systemic signs (cholestatic jaundice in the neonatal period or isolated spleno-or hepatosplenomegaly in infancy or childhood)...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883877/homocystinuria-with-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-excellent-recovery-with-intravenous-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator
#18
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Raghunath C Nanjundappa, Hima Pendharkar, Naveen Benakappa
Hyperhomocysteinemia can cause cerebral venous thrombosis. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is one of the treatment options for cerebral venous thrombosis in selected cases. We present here a 7-year-old boy with homocysteinuria with stroke. MRI of brain showed cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. We successfully treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. He recovered completely without any complications. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator can be considered one of the treatment options in cerebral venous thrombosis in homocystinura...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883876/metabolic-screening-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-delay-seizure-and-or-regression
#19
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Taghdiri, Ezatollah Abasi, Masoud Hassanvand Amouzadeh, Zhila Naghavi, Ahad Ghazavi, Mohammad Mahdi Nasehi, Abbas Alipour
OBJECTIVE: Neurometabolic disorder is one of the important groups of diseases that prominently has presentation early infantile period. In this study, we evaluated the result of metabolic screening of the patient with seizure, developmental delay and/or regression in development, demographic disease clinical and radiological findings on admitted and outpatient visited children. MATERIALS & METHODS: Two-year retrospective review of 187 children with seizure, developmental delay and/or regression in the Mofid Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran was performed...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883875/is-infantile-colic-an-early-life-expression-of-childhood-migraine
#20
Manijeh Tabrizi, Hamidreza Badeli, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh, Ali Shokuhifard
OBJECTIVE: Migraine is the mosyndrome and infantile colic is a common cause of infantile cry. The pathogenesis of migraine and colic has not been well established and different factors may cause them. There is an association between infantile colic and the occurrence of childhood migraine. We aimed to assess whether infantile colic could be noted as an early life expression of childhood migraine or not. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on 5-15-year-old childrenin Rasht, Iran during 2015-2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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