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Iranian Journal of Child Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843472/sciatic-nerve-injection-palsy-in-children
#1
Viraat Harsh, Romy B Chengazhacherril, Kanika Sharma, Piyush Kalakoti, Utkarsh Gupta, Waqar Ahmad, Anil Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843471/brain-on-fires-super-refractory-seizure-in-a-7-yr-old-boy
#2
Alireza Tavasoli, Behdad Gharib, Houman Alizadeh, Hossein Farshadmoghaddam, Sara Memarian, Mahmoodreza Ashrafi, Meisam Sharifzade
We present a 7 yr old boy afflicted with super-refractory seizure that responded poorly to antiepileptic drugs and sustained a long course of hospitalization and complications of high doses of medications as well as longstanding stay in hospital. The differential diagnoses were, fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy (FIRES), and infectious and autoimmune encephalitis. However, work-ups had not revealed any evidence of any specific diagnosis, so we assumed that he was afflicted by viral infectious encephalitis as he had, fever, vomiting, and prodromal symptoms of infectious (most probably viral) disease prior to onset of the seizure attacks...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843470/childhood-neurogenic-stuttering-due-to-bilateral-congenital-abnormality-in-globus-pallidus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Mohammad Javad Saeedi, Ebrahim Esfandiary, Mostafa Almasi Dooghaee
Objective The basal ganglia are a group of structures that act as a cohesive functional unit. They are situated at the base of the forebrain and are strongly connected with the cerebral cortex and thalamus. Some speech disorders such as stuttering can resulted from disturbances in the circuits between the basal ganglia and the language motor area of the cerebral cortex. Stuttering consists of blocks, repetitive, prolongation or cessation of speech. We present a 7.5 -year-old male child with bilateral basal ganglia lesion in globus pallidus with unclear reason...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843469/moyamoya-syndrome-associated-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#4
Reza Shiari, Seyed Mohamad Hossein Tabatabaei Nodushan, Mohamad Mahdi Mohebbi, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Mohsen Javadzadeh
Some reports have shown the association between Moyamoya syndrome and autoimmune diseases. Herewith, we present a 3.5 yr old girl with Henoch- Schönleinpurpura (HSP) who was treated with steroids because of sever colicky abdominal pain. However, central nervous system manifestations such as headache, ataxia and vision impairment developed during 6 months of her outpatient follow-up. More evaluation using MRA revealed intracranial stenosis of internal carotid artery and arterial collaterals that were in favor of Moyamoya syndrome...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843468/chitotriosidase-activity-and-gene-polymorphism-in-iranian-patients-with-gaucher-disease-and-sibling-carriers
#5
Hadi Mozafari, Mohammad Taghikhani, Shohreh Khatami, Mohammad Reza Alaei, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Zohreh Rahimi
OBJECTIVE: Chitotriosidase (CT) activity is a useful biomarker for diagnosis and monitoring of Gaucher disease (GD). Its application is limited by some variants in the CT gene. Two main polymorphisms are 24 bp duplication and G102S led to reduce CT activity. The aim of this study was to determine these variants influencing on plasma CT activity. MATERIALS & METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 33 patients with GD, 15 sibling carriers and 105 healthy individuals serving as controls...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843467/comparison-of-relation-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-and-without-simple-febrile-seizure-admitted-in-arak-central-iran
#6
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Smira Safi Arian, Somaieh Ebrahimi, Mahdyieh Naziri
OBJECTIVE: Febrile seizure is one of the most prevalent childhood convulsions with the most common age of onset at 14-18 mo old. Fever decreases the brain threshold for seizure. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is also a neurologic-behavioral problem defined by attention deficit and hyperactivity according to DSM-IV criteria in which the child must have these signs in two different environments. There is controversy on the possible relation between febrile seizure and ADHD; while some studies approve a strong relation, some exclude any relation and some attribute ADHD to the side effects of other reasons...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843466/the-relationship-between-motor-function-and-behavioral-function-in-infants-with-low-birth-weight
#7
Malek Amini, Faranak Aliabadi, Mehdi Alizade, Majid Kalani, Mostafa Qorbani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the evaluation of all aspects of infant development is important. However, in practice, some of these assessments, especially those requiring more manipulation on high-risk infants, may impose additional stress on them. Therefore, sometimes it is essential to utilize the results of a developmental assessment for the prediction of some other aspects of development. This study evaluated the relationship between the scores of the behavioral tests and the motor function test...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843465/path-analysis-association-between-domestic-violence-anxiety-depression-and-perceived-stress-in-mothers-and-children-s-development
#8
Roshanak Vameghi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Firoozeh Sajedi, Homeira Sajjadi, Hamid Alavi Majd
OBJECTIVE: Given that several factors involved in the incidence or exacerbation of developmental disorders in children, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between some of the risk factors affecting mothers' health and development in children using path analysis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The present cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 750 mothers and their children in health centers in Tehran, Iran in 2014 enrolled through multi-stage random sampling...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843464/molecular-genetic-analysis-of-survival-motor-neuron-gene-in-460-turkish-cases-with-suspicious-spinal-muscular-atrophy-disease
#9
Afrooz Rashnonejad, Huseyin Onay, Tahir Atik, Ozlem Atan Sahin, Sarenur Gokben, Hasan Tekgul, Ferda Ozkinay
OBJECTIVE: To describe 12 yr experience of molecular genetic diagnosis of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) in 460 cases of Turkish patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on data from 460 cases, referred to Medical Genetics Laboratory, Ege University's Hospital, Izmir, Turkey, prediagnosed as SMA or with family history of SMA between 2003 and 2014. The PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and the Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis were performed to detect the survival motor neuron (SMN)1 deletions and to estimate SMN1 and SMN2 gene copy numbers...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843463/the-comparison-between-effect-of-chloralhydrate-and-diphenhydramine-on-sedating-for-electroencephalography
#10
Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is the most effective diagnostic tool in distinguishing epileptic seizure. Chloral hydrate (CH) is a sedative hypnotic drug, commonly used as a method of sedation in children aged<3 yr. Furthermore, diphenhydramine (DH) is a first generation antihistaminic drug (H1 receptor blocker) with anti-cholinergic effect. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of CH and DH on sedating for EEG. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients' records of aged 15-72 months undergone an EEG and required sedation...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843462/scale-development-and-psychometrics-for-parents-satisfaction-with-developmental-care-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#11
Hassan Rafiey, Farin Soleimani, Shahnaz Torkzahrani, Mahyar Salavati, Malihe Nasiri
OBJECTIVE: Developmental care comprises a wide range of medical and nursing interventions used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to mitigate and reduce stressors affecting preterm or ill neonates. Because patient satisfaction survey is a valuable quality improvement tool, we aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of a tool for measuring parent satisfaction of developmental care in the NICU. MATERIALS &METHODS: In this psychometric methodological study, the item pool and initial questionnaire were designed based on a comprehensive literature review and exploring NICU parent satisfaction questionnaires...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843461/contra-lateral-auditory-brainstem-responses-in-dyslexia
#12
Mehdi Akbari, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Akram Noorbakht, Mohammad Sadegh Jenabi
OBJECTIVE: Developmental care comprises a wide range of medical and nursing interventions used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to mitigate and reduce stressors affecting preterm or ill neonates. Because patient satisfaction survey is a valuable quality improvement tool, we aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of a tool for measuring parent satisfaction of developmental care in the NICU. MATERIALS &METHODS: In this psychometric methodological study, the item pool and initial questionnaire were designed based on a comprehensive literature review and exploring NICU parent satisfaction questionnaires...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843460/the-relationship-between-zinc-levels-and-autism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Nasim Babaknejad, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Ashraf Mohamadkhani, Somaye Bahrami
OBJECTIVE: Autism is a complex behaviorally defined disorder.There is a relationship between zinc (Zn) levels in autistic patients and development of pathogenesis, but the conclusion is not permanent. MATERIALS & METHODS: The present study conducted to estimate this probability using meta-analysis method. In this study, Fixed Effect Model, twelve articles published from 1978 to 2012 were selected by searching Google scholar, PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus and information were analyzed...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375761/hemispherectomy-procedure-in-proteus-syndrome
#14
PrastiyaIndra Gunawan, Lusiana Lusiana, Darto Saharso
Objective Proteus syndrome is a rare overgrowth disorder including bone, soft tissue, and skin. Central nervous system manifestations were reported in about 40% of the patients including hemimegalencephaly and the resultant hemicranial hyperplasia, convulsions and mental deficiency. We report a 1-month-old male baby referred to Pediatric Neurology Clinic Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia in 2014 presented recurrent seizures since birth with asymmetric dysmorphic face with the right side larger than the left, subcutaneous mass and linear nevi...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375760/cerebellar-infarction-in-childhood-delayed-onset-complication-of-mild-head-trauma
#15
Ibrahim Ilker Oz, Evrim Bozay Oz, Ismail Şerifoğlu, Nurullah Kaya, Oktay Erdem
Objective Cerebellar ischemic infarction is a rare complication of minor head trauma. Vertebral artery dissection, vasospasm or systemic hypo perfusion can cause infarct. However, underlying causes of the ischemic infarct cannot be explained in nearly half of cases. The accurate diagnosis is essential to ensure appropriate treatment. Here we report a five yr old boy patient of cerebellar infraction after minor head trauma, admitted to emergency serves of BulentEcevit University, Turkey in 2013. We aimed to remind minor head trauma that causes cerebellar infarction during childhood, and to review the important points of the diagnosis, which should be keep in mind...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375759/neurometabolic-diagnosis-in-children-who-referred-as-neurodevelopmental-delay-a-practical-criteria-in-iranian-pediatric-patients
#16
Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Narjes Jafari, Habibeh Nejad Biglari, Sayena Jabbehdari, Simin Khayat Zadeh, Farzad Ahmad Abadi, Azra Lotfi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the clinical and para clinical manifestations of neuro metabolic disorders, in patients who presented by neuro developmental delay in their neuro developmental milestones. MATERIALS & METHODS: The patients diagnosed as neuro developmental delay and regression with or without seizure at the Neurology Department of Mofid Children Hospital in Tehran, Iran between 2004 and 2014 were included in our study. These patients diagnosed as neuro developmental delay by pediatric neurologists in view of diagnostic /screening neuro developmental assessment tests...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375758/relationship-of-mothers-psychological-status-with-development-of-kindergarten-children
#17
Firoozeh Sajedi, Mahbobeh Ahmadi Doulabi, Roshanak Vameghi, Mohammad Ali Mazaheri, Alireza Akbarzadehbaghban
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of children's development and the role of psychological status of mothers in this regard, this study investigated the relationship of mothers' psychological status (stress, anxiety and depression) with the development of children aged 36-60 months. MATERIALS & METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 1036 mothers and their children, aged 36 to 60 months, in different kindergartens in Tehran City, Iran, in 2014-2015. Participants were selected through multi-stage random sampling...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375757/serumtrace-elements-in-febrile-seizure-a-case-control-study
#18
Kokab Namakin, Mahmoud Zardast, Golamreza Sharifzadeh, Toktam Bidar, Samaneh Zargarian
OBJECTIVE: Febrile seizure (FS) is one of the most common neurological problems during childhood.Pathogenesis of febrile convulsion is unknown. This study investigated some trace elements among children admitted with FS compared with thoseof febrile without seizure attacks. MATERIALS & METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on48 children (6 months to 5 yrold) diagnosed with febrile seizure as the cases and 48 age-matched febrile children as the control group...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375756/predictors-of-poor-seizure-control-in-children-managed-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-nepal
#19
Prakash Poudel, Mohit Chitlangia, Rita Pokharel
OBJECTIVE: Various factors have been claimed to predict outcome of afebrile seizures in children. This study was aimed to find out the predictors of poor seizure control in children at a resource limited setting. MATERIALS & METHODS: This prospective study was done from July 1st, 2009 to January 31st, 2012 at B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal. Children (1 month-20 yr of age) with afebrile seizures presenting to pediatric neurology clinic were studied...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375755/phantom-limb-sensation-pls-and-phantom-limb-pain-plp-among-young-landmine-amputees
#20
Mahtab Poor Zamany Nejatkermany, Ehsan Modirian, Mohammadreza Soroush, Mehdi Masoumi, Maryam Hosseini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of phantom limb sensation (PLS) and phantom limb pain (PLP) in children and young adults suffering landmine-related amputation. MATERIALS & METHODS: All youths with amputation due to landmine explosions participated in this study. The proportions of patients with phantom limb sensation/pain, intensity and frequency of pain were reported. Chi square test was used to examine the relationship between variables. Comparison of PLP and PLS between upper and lower amputation was done by unpaired t-test...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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