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Acta Ortopedica Brasileira

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149196/transporting-children-in-cars-and-the-use-of-child-safety-restraint-systems
#1
Allan Quadros Garcês, Igor Bonifacio Andrade Coimbra, Diego Salvador Muniz DA Silva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the transport of children in automobiles and the use of child restraints systems (CRS). METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study which included 200 vehicle drivers who carried 0-10 year old children in the city of São Luis, MA, Brazil. The drivers' passengers' and children's features were properly identified. The children's transportation using CRS were analyzed according to the Resolution 277/8 of the Brazilian National Traffic Department...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149195/non-unions-after-fixation-of-humeral-fractures-using-hackethal-s-bundle-nailing-technique
#2
Petr Obruba, Stefan Rammelt, Lubomir Kopp, Karel Edelmann, Jakub Avenarius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify factors contributing to the development of non-union after fixation of diaphyseal humeral fractures using Hackethal's intramedullary nailing technique. METHODS: In the time period from 2001 to 2010 156 patients with diaphyseal humeral fractures were treated surgically using Hackethal's technique. Six of them (3.8%) developed non-union. This group included three women and two men aged 63-69 years and one woman aged 37 years...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149194/acetabular-component-orientation-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-the-role-of-acetabular-transverse-ligament
#3
Mohammed El Idrissi, Abdelhalim Elibrahimi, Mohammed Shimi, Abdelmajid Elmrini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to present the benefit of using the transvers acetabular ligament for intraoperative determination of the anteversion of acetabular component. METHODS: Twenty-one total hip arthroplasties were performed. The transverse acetabular ligament was identified and used as a guide to position the acetabular component. RESULTS: The mean anteversion angle was 16.9. None of the patients studied sustained a postoperative dislocation during this short follow-up period...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149193/sheep-as-an-experimental-model-for-biomaterial-implant-evaluation
#4
Suelen Cristina Sartoretto, Marcelo José Uzeda, Fúlvio Borges Miguel, Jhonathan Raphaell Nascimento, Fabio Ascoli, Mônica Diuana Calasans-Maia
OBJECTIVE: Based on a literature review and on our own experience, this study proposes sheep as an experimental model to evaluate the bioactive capacity of bone substitute biomaterials, dental implant systems and orthopedics devices. The literature review covered relevant databases available on the Internet from 1990 until to date, and was supplemented by our own experience. METHODS: For its resemblance in size and weight to humans, sheep are quite suitable for use as an experimental model...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149192/correlation-between-visual-gait-analysis-and-functional-aspects-in-cerebral-palsy
#5
Maira Rech Folle, Ana Paula Tedesco, Renata D Agostini Nicolini-Panisson
OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between visual gait analysis (VGA) by the Edinburgh visual gait score (EVGS) and functional aspects using the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Retrospective cross sectional study of 35 patients with CP. The mean age 12.61 years old, 94.3% were spastic; 34.4% hemiplegic, 54.3% diplegic, 11.4% triplegic; 45.7% were level II GMFCS, 42...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149191/simplified-calculation-for-corrective-osteotomies-of-long-bones
#6
Epitácio Leite Rolim, Marcelo Raul Cavalcanti Torres, Mauriston Renan Martins Silva, Filipe Ramos Lima, José Lamartine DE Andrade Aguiar
OBJECTIVES: To present a simplified calculation for the measurement of osteotomy wedges used for the correction of angular uniplanar deformities of long bones and to compare the simplified calculation proposed (circumferential calculation) with the classical trigonometric calculations, as well as with the exact calculation performed by computer software AutoCADtm. METHODS: The software AutoCADtm was used to calculate the bone wedges, for mathematical comparison of the three main groups, each one of them containing 18 hypothetical bone deformities which angles ranging from 5 to 90 degrees, with 5 degrees intervals between them...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149190/prefered-surgical-technique-used-by-orthopedists-in-acute-acromioclavicular-dislocation
#7
Alexandre Yukio Nishimi, Demetrio Simão Arbex, Diogo Lucas Campos Martins, Carlos Vinicius Buarque DE Gusmão, Roberto Rangel Bongiovanni, Luciano Pascarelli
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether training on shoulder and elbow surgery influences the orthopedist surgeons' preferred technique to address acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation (ACD). METHODS: A survey was conducted with shoulder and elbow specialists and general orthopedists on their preferred technique to address acute ACD. RESULTS: Thirty specialists and forty-five general orthopedists joined the study. Most specialists preferred the endobutton technique, while most general orthopedists preferred the modified Phemister procedure for coracoclavicular ligament repair using anchors...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149189/association-between-scapular-dyskinesia-and-shoulder-pain-in-young-adults
#8
Hugo Machado Sanchez, Eliane Gouveia DE Morais Sanchez, Larissa Ingreddy Tavares
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the position of the scapula and its influence on shoulder pain. METHODS: In this study, 30 sedentary young adults of both genders, aged 20-35 years were evaluated. The sample was divided into two groups with the same number of subjects, one group with shoulder pain and the other pain free. The analysis of the positioning of the scapula in six angles of shoulder abduction was taken 0º, 30º, 60º, 90º, 120º and 180º. RESULTS: Comparison the left and right scapular movements in males of the pain group, there was a significant difference at 30º (p = 0...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149188/frequency-and-risk-factors-of-clavicle-fractures-in-professional-cyclists
#9
Alexandre Yukio Nishimi, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Rafael DE Souza Mesquita, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Alberto DE Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of clavicle fractures in professional and amateur cyclists and evaluate the factors associated with its occurrence. METHOD: One hundred and forty professional and amateur athletes were interviewed through a questionnaire regarding age and time practicing bicycling, among others. RESULTS: Among the 140 evaluated cyclists, there were 19 (13.5%) clavicle fractures associated with this sports modality. CONCLUSION: There was a positive association between time practicing bicycling and frequency of clavicle fractures, as well as between hours of weekly training and clavicle fractures...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149187/biochemical-analysis-and-bone-remodeling-in-response-to-oophorectomy-and-aquatic-training
#10
Helena Ribeiro Souza, Ana Paula Girol, Adriana Paula Sanchez Schiaveto, Mairto Roberis Geromel, Melina Mizusaki Iyomasa, Maurício Ferraz DE Arruda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether swimming could prevent bone loss and could be indicated to assist in treatment of osteoporosis. METHODS: Female rats were divided into 4 groups (n=6), two of them were oophorectomized. Animals from two groups, one oophorectomized and another not oophorectomized, underwent aquatic training for eight weeks. After training, the animals were sacrificed and their blood was collected for calcium and alkaline phosphatase serum dosage; the femur was removed and subjected to radiological and histological densitometry analysis to assess bone loss and osteoclast counting on femoral head and neck...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243178/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-on-cost-of-orthopedic-implants-among-orthopedic-surgeons
#11
Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Rodrigo Guerra Sabongi, Alysson Ferreira Batista, Diego Costa Astur, Guilherme Guadagnini Falotico, Moises Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge of Brazilian Orthopedic Surgeons on the costs of orthopedic surgical devices used in surgical implants . METHODS: A questionnaire was applied to Brazilian Orthopedic Surgeons during the 46(th) Brazilian Congress on Orthopedics and Traumatology . RESULTS: Two hundred and one Orthopedic Surgeons completely filled out the questionnaire. The difference between the average prices estimated by the surgeons and the average prices provided by the supplier companies was 47...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243177/comorbidity-impact-on-social-functioning-after-hip-fracture-the-role-of-rehabilitation
#12
Natasa Radosavljevic, Dejan Nikolic, Milica Lazovic, Marija Hrkovic, Olivera Ilic-Stojanovic
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of rehabilitation treatment on social functioning in elderly patients after hip fracture during a rehabilitation program. METHODS: This study included 203 patients with hip fracture. Four groups were analyzed on rehabilitation: Group 1, at admission, Group 2, at discharge, Group 3, three months after discharge and Group 4, six months after discharge. The analyzed parameters included: musculoskeletal, neurological and cognitive impairments...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243176/prp-in-the-treatment-of-trochanteric-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#13
Arthur de Góes Ribeiro, Walter Ricioli, Alice Roxo Nobre Sousa E Silva, Giancarlo Cavalli Polesello, Rodrigo Pereira Guimarães
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of platelet rich plasma (PRP) against corticosteroid on the treatment of trochanteric pain syndrome . METHODS: From July 2011 to November 2012, eighteen patients (20 hips) with trochanter pain syndrome were randomized in two groups and treated with platelet rich plasma or triamcinolone infiltration guided by ultrasound. Pain and function were evaluated prior to the intervention and after 10, 30 and 60 days, through the Facial Expressions Scale for Pain and the Western Ontario McMaster and Harris Hip Score questionnaires...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243175/frequency-of-wrist-growth-plate-injury-in-young-gymnasts-at-a-training-center
#14
María Roxana Viamont Guerra, Jose Renato Depari Estelles, Yussef Ali Abdouni, Diego Figueira Falcochio, Joao Roberto Polydoro Rosa, Liane Hulle Catani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of physeal injuries and wrist pain in young competitive gymnasts according to their training characteristics . METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study (January-June 2015) of a male gymnastics team in São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Nineteen gymnasts, mean age 13.3 years, were evaluated in three ways: a questionnaire, physical examination and radiographs . RESULTS: On average, they trained since 6 years-old and during hours per week...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243174/anatomic-study-of-the-nervous-communication-between-the-median-and-musculoucutaneous-nerve
#15
Edie Benedito Caetano, Luiz Ângelo Vieira, Cristina Schmitt Cavalheiro, Mauro Razuk, Marco Antonio Pires Almargo, Mauricio Ferreira Caetano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of nerve communication between the musculocutaneous and median nerve . METHODS: Anatomical dissection of 40 limbs from 20 fetal cadavers was performed at the Laboratory of Anatomy, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo . RESULTS: A communicating branch was found in 10 upper limbs. In nine limbs there was a musculocutaneous-median anastomosis (type I); and in one limb there was a median-musculocutaneous anastomosis (type II) ...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243173/serum-values-of-alkaline-phosphatase-and-lactate-dehydrogenase-in-ewing-s-sarcoma
#16
André Mathias Baptista, Juan Pablo Zumárraga, Renan Pires Negrão Dos Santos, Guilherme de Oliveira Haubert, Olavo Pires de Camargo
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (AP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the percentage of tumor necrosis (TN) in patients with Ewing´s Sarcoma (ES) . METHODS: This is a case series with retrospective evaluation of patients with diagnosis of ES divided into 2 groups: Group 1, patients whose serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were obtained in the staging phase before preoperative chemotherapy (CT), and Group 2, patients whose values were measured after completion of the preoperative CT...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243172/uncemented-arthroplasty-after-hip-metastatic-disease-and-multiple-myeloma
#17
André Mathias Baptista, Sergio Pinheiro de Souza Meirelles, Daniel César Seguel Rebolledo, Luiz Filipe Marques Correia, Olavo Pires de Camargo
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case series using a combination of narrative, graphical exploratory analysis and Bayesian Network modeling. METHODS: Case series with 34 patients undergoing uncemented and hybrid arthroplasty procedures secondary to hip pain or fracture secondary to metastatic disease or multiple myeloma. RESULTS: The most common tumors included gastrointestinal, multiple myeloma and breast cancer. Most devices were total arthroplasty (n = 16, 84...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243171/is-rdw-a-predictive-parameter-for-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-patients-requiring-surgery
#18
Hakan Sarman, Cengiz Isik, Mehmet Boz, Ismail Boyraz, Bunyamin Koc, Sule Aydin Turkoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether haemogram parameters are predictive factors for both the severity of the disease and a decision in favor of surgical treatment in patients with an established diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) . METHODS: The medical files of patients with a diagnosis of CuTS who were followed-up conservatively (n=92) or surgically treated (n=92) were retrospectively screened and the haemogram parameters were recorded ...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243170/elbow-ulnar-neuropathy-treatment-by-anterior-transposition-of-the-ulnar-nerve
#19
Antonio Tufi Neder, Regina de Azevedo Alves, Arlindo Gomes Pardini, Marcelo Riberto, Milton Mazer
OBJECTIVES: Retrospective clinical evaluation of 31 patients who underwent ulnar nerve decompression at the elbow and subcutaneous anterior transposition. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2013, 71 patients underwent subcutaneous anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve. Thirty-one patients returned for evaluation. The mean follow-up period was 60 months. Patients were evaluated for the degree of satisfaction after surgery, paresthesia, pain, Tinel sign, Froment test and sensitivity test by esthesiometer, muscle strength of the intrinsic muscles and deep flexor of the fifth digit, visual analogic pain scale (VAS) and were subjected to the QuickDash questionnaire...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243169/combined-inside-out-and-all-inside-technique-in-bucket-handle-meniscus-tears
#20
Serdar Yılmaz, Deniz Cankaya, Ahmet Fırat, Alper Devecı, Bulent Ozkurt, Murat Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes after combined inside-out and all-inside repair technique of bucket-handle meniscus tears. METHODS: A retrospective review was made of patients with bucket-handle meniscus tears repaired with combined techniques, using the all-inside technique in posterior meniscal tears and the inside-out technique in the middle part of the meniscal tears. Meniscal healing was assessed clinically using Barrett's criteria and MRI. RESULTS: The study comprised 52 patients with a mean age of 28...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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