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Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224285/real-world-diabetes-prevention-from-theory-to-practice
#1
Robert E J Ryder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224284/successful-treatment-of-prediabetes-in-clinical-practice-using-physiological-assessment-stop-diabetes
#2
John P Armato, Ralph A DeFronzo, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani, Ron J Ruby
BACKGROUND: Of the 84 million American adults with prediabetes, over 5 to 7 years, about 28 million progress to type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess whether a real-world, pathophysiology-based, therapeutic approach could prevent development of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals. METHODS: We did a retrospective observational study of people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes from a community practice in southern California, USA. Participants had an oral glucose tolerance test and were assigned a risk stratification on the basis of presence and severity of insulin resistance, impaired β-cell function, and glycaemia (ie, 1-h plasma glucose concentration of more than 8·6 mmol/L during an oral glucose tolerance test)...
September 13, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174213/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-causes-diagnosis-cardiometabolic-consequences-and-treatment-strategies
#3
REVIEW
Norbert Stefan, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Kenneth Cusi
The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing worldwide. In some patients with NAFLD, isolated steatosis can progress to advanced stages with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis, increasing the risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, NAFLD is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of common disorders such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In this Review, we highlight novel concepts related to diagnosis, risk prediction, and treatment of NAFLD...
August 30, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174212/correction-to-lancet-diabetes-endocrinol-2018-published-online-july-30-https-doi-org-10-1016-s2213-8587-18-30074-3
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170949/availability-and-affordability-of-essential-medicines-for-diabetes-across-high-income-middle-income-and-low-income-countries-a-prospective-epidemiological-study
#5
Clara K Chow, Chinthanie Ramasundarahettige, Weihong Hu, Khalid F AlHabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiaoru Cheng, Jephat Chifamba, Gilles Dagenais, Antonio Dans, Bonaventure A Egbujie, Rajeev Gupta, Romaina Iqbal, Noorhassim Ismail, Mirac V Keskinler, Rasha Khatib, Lanthé Kruger, Rajesh Kumar, Fernando Lanas, Scott Lear, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Martin McKee, Noushin Mohammadifard, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Andres Orlandini, Annika Rosengren, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, Li Wei, Karen Yeates, Khalid Yusoff, Rita Yusuf, Afzalhussein Yusufali, Katarzyna Zatonska, Yihong Zhou, Shariful Islam, Daniel Corsi, Sumathy Rangarajan, Koon Teo, Hertzel C Gerstein, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Data are scarce on the availability and affordability of essential medicines for diabetes. Our aim was to examine the availability and affordability of metformin, sulfonylureas, and insulin across multiple regions of the world and explore the effect of these on medicine use. METHODS: In the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, participants aged 35-70 years (n=156 625) were recruited from 110 803 households, in 604 communities and 22 countries; availability (presence of any dose of medication in the pharmacy on the day of audit) and medicine cost data were collected from pharmacies with the Environmental Profile of a Community's Health audit tool...
August 28, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170948/availability-and-affordability-of-medicines-towards-an-evidence-base-for-routine-assessment
#6
Alessandra Ferrario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146449/preoperative-hyperglycaemia-and-risk-of-myocardial-injury-after-non-cardiac-surgery
#7
Arnold C T Ng, Jeroen J Bax
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143437/craig-stubing-the-art-of-managing-type-1-diabetes
#8
Jules Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115599/glycaemic-variability-in-diabetes-clinical-and-therapeutic-implications
#9
REVIEW
Antonio Ceriello, Louis Monnier, David Owens
Glycaemic variability is an integral component of glucose homoeostasis. Although it has not yet been definitively confirmed as an independent risk factor for diabetes complications, glycaemic variability can represent the presence of excess glycaemic excursions and, consequently, the risk of hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia. Glycaemic variability is currently defined by a large and increasing number of metrics, representing either short-term (within-day and between-day variability) or long-term glycaemic variability, which is usually based on serial measurements of HbA1c or other measures of glycaemia over a longer period of time...
August 13, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097355/expression-of-concern-effect-of-a-high-fat-mediterranean-diet-on-bodyweight-and-waist-circumference-a-prespecified-secondary-outcomes-analysis-of-the-predimed-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075955/mental-health-and-sexual-function-in-cais-context-beyond-sex-hormones
#11
David E Sandberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075954/oestrogen-versus-androgen-in-hormone-replacement-therapy-for-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-a-multicentre-randomised-double-dummy-double-blind-crossover-trial
#12
Wiebke Birnbaum, Louise Marshall, Ralf Werner, Alexandra Kulle, Paul-Martin Holterhus, Katharina Rall, Birgit Köhler, Annette Richter-Unruh, Michaela F Hartmann, Stefan A Wudy, Matthias K Auer, Anke Lux, Siegfried Kropf, Olaf Hiort
BACKGROUND: Women with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) after gonadectomy have complained about reduced psychological wellbeing and sexual satisfaction. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of hormone-replacement therapy with either androgen or oestrogen in women with 46,XY karyotype and CAIS after gonadectomy. METHODS: This national, multicentre, double-blind, randomised crossover trial was performed at three university medical centres and three specialised treatment institutions in Germany...
July 31, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072234/blood-glucose-meters-and-test-strips-global-market-and-challenges-to-access-in-low-resource-settings
#13
REVIEW
Emma Louise Klatman, Alicia Josephine Jenkins, Muhammad Yakoob Ahmedani, Graham David Ogle
Blood glucose meters and test strips for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) are often inaccessible to, and infrequently used by, people with diabetes in countries with limited resources for health care. Supplies for measuring blood glucose can also be scarce in health facilities, despite being needed in a myriad of clinical settings at all levels of the health system. Numerous studies and international guidelines emphasise the value of SMBG in diabetes care, particularly in people with type 1 diabetes...
July 30, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057170/association-of-preoperative-glucose-concentration-with-myocardial-injury-and-death-after-non-cardiac-surgery-glucovision-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Zubin Punthakee, Pilar Paniagua Iglesias, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Ignasi Gich, Inmaculada India, Germán Malaga, Ruben Diaz Jover, Hertzel C Gerstein, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery (MINS) is the most common perioperative cardiovascular complication and is independently associated with 30-day mortality. We aimed to assess the association between preoperative glucose concentration and postoperative MINS and mortality. METHODS: The VISION study is a prospective cohort study done at 12 centres in eight countries. Patients aged 45 years or older who required at least one overnight hospital admission for non-cardiac surgery were enrolled from Aug 6, 2007, to Jan 11, 2011...
July 26, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033041/advances-in-the-medical-treatment-of-cushing-s-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Richard A Feelders, John Newell-Price, Rosario Pivonello, Lynnette K Nieman, Leo J Hofland, Andre Lacroix
Cushing's syndrome is associated with multisystem morbidity and, when suboptimally treated, increased mortality. Medical therapy is an option for patients if surgery is not successful and can be classified into pituitary-directed drugs, steroid synthesis inhibitors, and glucocorticoid receptor antagonists. In the last decade there have been new developments in each drug category. Targeting dopamine and somatostatin receptors on corticotroph adenomas with cabergoline or pasireotide, or both, controls cortisol production in up to 40% of patients...
July 19, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005958/incidence-and-progression-of-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Charumathi Sabanayagam, Riswana Banu, Miao Li Chee, Ryan Lee, Ya Xing Wang, Gavin Tan, Jost B Jonas, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Ching-Yu Cheng, Barbara E K Klein, Paul Mitchell, Ronald Klein, C M Gemmy Cheung, Tien Y Wong
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of vision impairment and blindness. We systematically reviewed studies published from Jan 1, 1980, to Jan 7, 2018, assessed the methodological quality, and described variations in incidence of diabetic retinopathy by region with a focus on population-based studies that were conducted after 2000 (n=8, including two unpublished studies). Of these eight studies, five were from Asia, and one each from the North America, Caribbean, and sub-Saharan Africa. The annual incidence of diabetic retinopathy ranged from 2·2% to 12·7% and progression from 3·4% to 12·3%...
July 10, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143191/correction-to-lancet-diabetes-endocrinol-2018-6-637-46
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143189/should-exceptional-medical-conditions-be-banned-in-sports
#18
LETTER
Pedro L Valenzuela, Javier S Morales, Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Alejandro Lucia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143188/radioactive-iodine-ablation-in-low-risk-thyroid-cancer-authors-reply
#19
LETTER
Sophie Leboulleux, Isabelle Borget, Martin Schlumberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143187/radioactive-iodine-ablation-in-low-risk-thyroid-cancer
#20
LETTER
Elif Hindié, David Taïeb, Anca M Avram, Luca Giovanella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
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