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World Journal of Clinical Cases

Lei Shi, Qiu-Hong Jia, Fu-Jian Liu, Hang Guan, Zhi-Yong Jiang
According to Klein's classification system, the symptomatology of eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG), a rare disease, differs based on the affected tissue layer. Patients with subserosal EG often have peritoneal effusion. Hemorrhagic ascites due to EG is extremely rare and has not been reported in the literature. Here, we report a 57-year-old woman with EG and massive hemorrhagic ascites. Laboratory investigations showed elevated peripheral eosinophils with significant eosinophilia (65.6%). Ultrasonography showed massive abdominal ascites...
July 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Ning-Ning Yang, Fei Xiong, Qing He, Yong-Song Guan
Surgery is the first choice of treatment for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but few patients can be treated surgically because of either advanced disease or poor pulmonary function. Other therapies include radiotherapy and chemotherapy, as well as complementary and alternative therapies, usually with disappointing results. Bronchial artery infusion (BAI) is a manageable and effective method for treating advanced NSCLC. Outcome is good by BAI due to its repeatability and low toxicity. Icotinib hydrochloride is a newly developed and highly specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor and has been safely and efficiently used to treat advanced NSCLC...
July 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Xian-Qiang Wang, Shu-Juan Xu, Zheng Wang, Yuan-Hong Xiao, Jing Xu, Zhen-Dong Wang, Di-Xiang Chen
Our paper describes the key surgical points of pediatric choledochocystectomy performed completely by Da Vinci robotic system. A choledochocystectomy was safely carried out for a girl at our hospital, and without any complication. Then systematic literature review was done to discuss the methods of intestine surgery and intestinal anastomosis, the use of 3rd robotic arm, the surgical safety and advantages comparing open and laparoscopic surgery. We systematically reviewed choledochocystectomy for children performed by robotic surgery...
July 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Narongsak Rungsakulkij, Wikran Suragul, Somkit Mingphruedhi, Pongsatorn Tangtawee, Paramin Muangkaew, Suraida Aeesoa
AIM: To investigate whether the change in pre-/post-operation serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels is a predictive factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 334 HCC patients who underwent hepatic resection at our hospital between January 2006 and December 2016. The patients were classified into three groups according to their change in serum AFP levels: (1) the normal group, pre-AFP ≤ 20 ng/mL and post-AFP ≤ 20 ng/mL; (2) the response group, pre-AFP > 20 ng/mL and post-AFP decrease of ≥ 50% of pre-AFP; and (3) the non-response group, pre-AFP level > 20 ng/mL and post-AFP decrease of < 50% or higher than pre-AFP level, or any pre-AFP level < 20 ng/mL but post-AFP >20 ng/mL...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Roman Evgenyevich Kalinin, Igor Aleksandrovich Suchkov, Nina Dzhansugovna Mzhavanadze, Adelphina Felician Ncheye
We present a case of a 64-year-old woman with signs of debilitating condition including anginal chest pain, exertional dyspnea, and depression. The patient had previously suffered from a myocardial infarction after a loss of a close family member. Workup showed a posterobasal left ventricular aneurysm and moderate to severe mitral regurgitation in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis. Routine ultrasonography revealed abdominal aortic aneurysm and intraabdominal aortic deviation. The patient was immediately started on optimal medical treatment...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Chapman Wei, Chaplin Wei, Omar Alhalabi, Lei Chen
T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma is uncommon in children population. There were few cases reported in the literature with wide range clinical presentations including advanced stage, and more involvement of liver, spleen and bone marrow. Head and neck lymphadenopathy tends to present in younger children. We report a case of 10-year-old boy who initially presented intermittent fever, headaches and neck lymphadenopathy. Subsequently, he developed diffuse lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma was diagnosed on a cervical lymph node biopsy...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Irfan Siddiqui, Tin Nguyen, Assad Movahed, Deepa Kabirdas
Identification of left ventricular mural thrombus (LVT) may be challenging depending on the imaging modality used. We present a case of LVT which was incidentally identified on cine cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). A sixty-four years old female presented with worsening dyspnea on exertion with troponin elevation. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed a dilated left ventricle (LV) and ejection fraction (EF 30%) with thinning and akinesis of inferior/inferolateral wall was noted with basal and mid inferior wall aneurysm, and thrombus was not identified...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Ya-Fei Zhang, Hong Ji, Hong-Wei Lu, Le Lu, Lei Wang, Jin-Long Wang, Yi-Ming Li
AIM: To compare the clinical outcomes of patients with portal hypertension (PH) who underwent treatment with splenectomy plus simplified pericardial devascularisation (SSPD) or splenectomy plus traditional pericardial devascularisation (STPD). METHODS: We conducted a single-centre retrospective study of 1045 PH patients treated with either SSPD (S Group, 357 patients) or STPD (T Group, 688 patients) between January 2002 and February 2017. In all, 37 clinical indicators were compared to evaluate the efficacy of SSPD...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Roberto Anaya-Prado, José V Pérez-Navarro, Ana Corona-Nakamura, Michelle M Anaya-Fernández, Roberto Anaya-Fernández, Marian Eliza Izaguirre-Pérez
Herpes zoster (HZ) infection occurs in approximately 10% to 30% of individuals. Visceral neuropathies secondary to HZ can cause cystitis and urinary retention. But colonic pseudo-obstruction can also occur. Peripheral neuropathy may reveal segmental motor paresis of either upper or lower limbs, the abdominal muscles or the diaphragm. We report the case of a 62-year-old male patient who presented with abdominal distention and cutaneous vesicular eruption on the left side of the abdominal wall. Plain X-rays and computed tomography scan showed distended small bowel...
June 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Kai Huang, Grey Giddins, Jian-Fang Zhang, Jian-Wei Lu, Jun-Ming Wan, Peng-Li Zhang, Shao-Yu Zhu
Simultaneous anterior and posterior traumatic dislocations of both hips are very rare. Only 33 cases have been previously reported in the English language literature. Although they were all due to high-energy injuries, they were hemodynamically stable and had a stable pelvic ring. We report a unique case of asymmetrical hip dislocations with an unstable pelvic ring and hemodynamic instability. A 40-year-old man was injured in a high-energy motor vehicle accident. He was hemodynamically unstable when he presented in the emergency department...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Xue-Liang Sun, Ke Wen, Zhi-Zhong Xu, Xiao-Peng Wang
Plexiform schwannoma is an extremely rare variant of schwannoma, accounting for approximately 5% of cases. Due to the rarity and lack of typical symptoms, signs and radiological images, a definite diagnosis of plexiform schwannoma may not be made by clinicians prior to biopsy. In the present study, we report the first case (to our knowledge) of perianal plexiform schwannoma arising from the overlapped skin of the ischioanal fossa, and we propose an intratumorally nonenhanced circumferential capsule dividing the tumour into multiple homogeneously enhanced nodules as a magnetic resonance imaging feature to aid in the differential diagnosis of plexiform schwannoma from ancient schwannoma, cavernous haemangioma, liposarcoma and plexiform neurofibroma...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Ken Goda
We report a case of remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) syndrome in a 71-year-old woman. She referred to our hospital with finger stiffness, edema of both hands and feet, pain of bilateral shoulder, wrist, metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and ankle joints. Rheumatoid factor was negative, human leukocyte antigen -B7 antigen was positive. Moreover, matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) was high. She was diagnosed with RS3PE syndrome, and treatment with prednisolone (15 mg/d) was started...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Xue-Fen Lei, Yang Ke, Tian-Hao Bao, Hao-Ran Tang, Xue-Song Wu, Zhi-Tian Shi, Jie Lin, Zhi-Xian Zhang, Hou Gu, Lin Wang
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of sorafenib plus transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatment for intermediate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with intermediate-stage [Barcelona Clinic liver cancer stage B (BCLC-B)] HCC who were treated with sorafenib plus TACE or TACE alone between 2009 and 2011 were included in the study. Follow-up was until 2014 or patient death. Two groups were defined in the experiment: The experimental group, treated with sorafenib plus TACE, and the control group, treated with standard TACE alone...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Farzam Vaziri, Samira Tarashi, Abolfazl Fateh, Seyed Davar Siadat
Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) is a model organism for understanding host-pathogen interactions and infection-mediated carcinogenesis. Gastric cancer and H. pylori colonization indicates the strong correlation. The progression and exacerbation of H. pylori infection are influenced by some factors of pathogen and host. Several virulence factors involved in the proper adherence and attenuation of immune defense to contribute the risk of emerging gastric cancer, therefore analysis of them is very important...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Lang Lin, Zai-Bo Wen, Dong-Jiao Lin, Jiang-Ting Dong, Jie Jin, Fei Meng
AIM: To analyze the bacterial community structure and distribution of intestinal microflora in people with and without metabolic syndrome and combined these data with clinical indicators to determine relationships between selected bacteria and metabolic diseases. METHODS: Faecal samples were collected from 20 patients with metabolic syndrome and 16 controls at Cangnan People's Hospital, Zhejiang Province, China. DNA was extracted and the V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA genes were amplified for high throughput sequencing...
April 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Marc Girardin, Antoine Hadengue, Jean-Louis Frossard
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and causes of cholestasis in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases in the Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Cohort. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of all the patients in the Swiss Inflammatory bowel disease Cohort. Total bile acid was measured for all patients and cholestasis was defined as a concentration > 8 μmol/L. The characteristics of patients with or without cholestasis were compared. Bile acid profiles were then determined for 80 patients with high total bile acid and 80 matched patients with low total bile acid...
April 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Cheng-Xin Luo, Zhong-Hui Wen, Yu Zhen, Zhu-Jun Wang, Jing-Xi Mu, Min Zhu, Qin Ouyang, Hu Zhang
AIM: To investigate the current state of research output from Chinese studies into severe ulcerative colitis (SUC) using a bibliometric analysis of publications. METHODS: The contents of the Chinese periodical databases WANFANG, VIP, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for all papers regarding UC or SUC published in last the 15 years (from 2001 to 2015). The number of publications in each year was recorded to assess the temporal trends of research output...
March 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Buket Ayna, Emrah Ayna, Sema Çelenk, Emine Göncü Başaran, Berivan Dündar Yılmaz, İbrahim Halil Tacir, Mehmet Cudi Tuncer
AIM: To compare the efficacy of resin composite restorations, retained with either polyethylene or zirconia-rich glass fiber posts. METHODS: Sixty-two single rooted maxillary and mandibular central incisor teeth in forty-four patients (15 males and 29 females; age range 15-32 years) were restored either with an ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWP) fiber post (Bondable Reinforcement Ribbon, DENSE, Ribbond, Seattle, WA, United States) or a zircon-rich glass fiber post (Snowpost, Lot H 040; Carbotech, Ganges, France)...
March 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Arif Emre, Sami Akbulut, Mehmet Sertkaya, Muharrem Bitiren, Ilhami Taner Kale, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Cemil Colak
AIM: To evaluate whether there was any correlation between the clinical parameters and final pathological results among patients who underwent thyroid surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed parameters, including age, sex, complete blood cell count parameters, nodule diameter, nodule localization, thyroid function testing, and pathology reports, in patients who underwent thyroid surgery. The patients were divided into malignant ( n = 92) and benign ( n = 413) groups depending on the final pathological results...
March 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yoshihiro Yokoi, Takeshi Kaneko, Tomoki Sawayanagi, Yasuo Takano, Yoichi Watahiki
We present a case of a healthy 72-year-old man with herpes simplex hepatitis (HSVH) development soon after ordinary surgery for biliary stones. A sudden onset of hepatitis associated with high fever and leukopenia emerged on postoperative day 5, followed by a rapid and lethal course (died on day 9), despite an acyclovir therapy on day 8. Postmortem liver biopsy revealed positive immunostaining for herpes simplex virus (HSV) type-1. The serum tests (available after the death) were negative for anti-HSV immunogloblulins, but positive for HSV DNA...
February 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
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