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World Journal of Clinical Cases

Xiao Hu, Wei Cao, Min Zhao
Vasoactive intestinal peptide-producing tumors (VIPoma) usually originate in the pancreas and are characterized by diarrhea, hypokalemia, and achlorhydria (WDHA syndrome). In adults, nonpancreatic VIPoma is very rare. Herein, we report an unusual case of VIP-producing pheochromocytoma marked by persistent shock, flushing, and watery diarrhea and high sensitivity to octreotide. A 53-year-old woman was hospitalized for sudden-onset hypertension with convulsions, which then rapidly evolved to persistent shock, flushing, and watery diarrhea...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Fan Zhang, Xin-Yue Lin, Jian Chen, Shi-Qiao Peng, Zhong-Yan Shan, Wei-Ping Teng, Xiao-Hui Yu
Pretibial myxedema (PTM), an uncommon manifestation of Graves' disease (GD), is a local autoimmune reaction in the cutaneous tissue. The treatment of PTM is a clinical challenge. We herein report on a patient with PTM who achieved complete remission by multipoint subcutaneous injections of a long-acting glucocorticoid and topical glucocorticoid ointment application for a self-controlled study. A 53-year-old male presented with a history of GD for 3.5 years and a history of PTM for 1.5 years. Physical examination revealed slight exophthalmos, a diffusely enlarged thyroid gland, and PTM of both lower extremities...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Xiao-Bing Tang, Min-Yi Liao, Wei-Lin Wang, Yu-Zuo Bai
Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is a congenital anomaly defined as pancreatic tissue that has no contact with the orthotopic pancreas and its own duct system and vascular supply. The most common locations of HP are the upper gastrointestinal tract, specifically, the stomach, duodenum, and proximal jejunum. Involvement of the mesentery is rare. Here, we describe a rare case of mesenteric heterotopic pancreas (MHP) in a 12-year-old girl who presented with acute abdomen. The patient underwent emergency laparotomy, and the mass and adjacent small bowel were resected...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Jie Yang, Guang-Fa Xiao, Yi-Xiong Li
Choledochocele (also known as type III choledochal cyst according to Todani's classification) is a cystic dilation of the distal segment of the common bile duct protruding into the duodenal lumen. Cases are rare and the etiology remains unclear. It is usually misdiagnosed as peptic ulcer, as in the patient whose case is described here. Multislice spiral computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography may be comparable to endoscopic retrograde cholangiography for diagnosis of choledochocele...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Rui Wang, Yi Liu, Yi-Yi Zhou, Jia-Ying Wang, Zhu-Jie Xu, Sha-Yang Chen, Qi-Qi Wang, Peng Yuan
Pelvic osteotomy is commonly used to adjust acetabula dysplasia for congenital dislocation of the hip, whereas congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare hereditary disease that often has the characteristics of joint development deformity and easy fracture. This article reports the case involving a CIPA patient who was surgically treated by Chiari pelvic osteotomy and proximal femoral rotation osteotomy for congenital dislocation of the left hip joint and was provided long-term follow-up for redislocation and bilateral femoral head absorption...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yu-Bo Liu, Tian-Ming Zou
BACKGROUND: Osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD) is a developmental skeletal disorder, and cases with a giant affected area in the pelvis are rare. CASE SUMMARY: In this case report, a 48-year-old man presented with a large tumor in the right iliac region that turned out to be OFD. The patient had rebound tenderness in his right hip. After radiography examination, magnetic resonance imaging examinations and some physical examination, extensive bone destruction in the right ilium was confirmed...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Jun-Chen Chen, Dian-Hui Tan, Ze-Bin Xue, Sen-Yuan Yang, Yong Li, Run-Long Lai
The prevalence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is higher in southern China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan than in other areas in the world. Radiotherapy is an important part of treatment for NPC patients, especially those with stage III/IV disease. Subdural empyema is a rare but life-threatening complication in postradiotherapy NPC patients which should be paid more attention. Here, we present the case of a 64-year-old female postradiotherapy NPC patient with subdural empyema complicated with intracranial hemorrhage...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Hui Sun, Wei-Qi Sheng, Dan Huang
Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a rare benign condition, which can mimic many other diseases because of their similarities in clinical, endoscopic and histological features. Sessile serrated adenoma/polyp (SSA/p) is a premalignant lesion in the colon and rectum. The misdiagnosis of SSA/p in SRUS patients has been noted, but the case of SRUS arising secondarily to SSA/p has been rarely reported. We herein report the case of a 59-year-old man who presented with an ulcerative nodular lesion in the rectum, accompanied by the symptoms of blood and mucus in the feces, diarrhea and constipation...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Chen-Yang Zhao, Na Su, Yu-Xin Jiang, Meng Yang
Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a rare tumour that often occurs in soft tissues of the female genital tract. Eight cases of AAM are reported in this article, and the clinical features and ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results of the eight cases are reviewed and summarized. The main complaints of all the patients were palpable and painless masses in the vulva or scrotum. The lesions were mainly located in the vulva, pelvis, and perineal region, with a large scope of involvement. The sonographic features of AAM were characteristic...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Hong-Yu Chen, Li-Yuan Fu, Zhen-Jun Wang
We herein report a rare case of ileal bronchogenic cyst that was found in a 39-year-old Chinese man. He had no symptoms and the physical examination was normal. Tumor markers were within the normal range. Abdominopelvic enhanced computed tomography showed a mass in the lower abdominal cavity and the tumor had a complete capsule. Diagnostic laparoscopy was then performed, which showed that a spheroid mass with a complete capsule was located at the antimesenteric border of the distal ileum 20 cm from the ileocecal valve, measuring 6...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Shuang Li, Lian Duan, Feng-Dan Wang, Lin Lu, Zheng-Yu Jin
Carney complex (CNC) is an extremely rare genetic syndrome of pigmented skin lesions, endocrine hyperfunction and myxoma. Given its diverse clinical manifestations, CNC is often misdiagnosed. Recognition of some special clinical manifestations and imaging features may help with the diagnosis. Early diagnosis of CNC would alert ongoing surveillance of tumors and complications; the prognosis of CNC may thus be improved by early treatment. Herein, we report two cases of CNC with bone lesions.
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Diego García-Compeán, Alan R Jiménez-Rodríguez, Ángel N Del Cueto-Aguilera, Gilberto Herrera-Quiñones, José A González-González, Héctor J Maldonado-Garza
BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) occurs predominantly in children and adolescents. It is rarely diagnosed in adults. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult due to low sensitivity of the radiological imaging studies. The role of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) in the diagnosis of MD is unknown, and the endoscopic patterns are not defined. We will describe four of our cases of MD evaluated with VCE and make a review of the literature focusing on the endoscopic characteristics. CASE SUMMARY: We present four cases of MD confirmed by surgery...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Neslihan Yildirim Saral, Fehime Benli Aksungar, Cigdem Aktuglu-Zeybek, Julide Coskun, Ozlem Demirelce, Mustafa Serteser
Glutaric acidemia type II (GAII), also known as multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, is an autosomal recessive inborn error of amino acid and fatty acid metabolism. We report a case of GAII with novel electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF)-A mutations in a 2-year-old female with thalassemia minor. The patient developed an episode of hypoglycemia and hypotonicity on the postnatal first day. Laboratory investigations revealed elevations of multiple acyl carnitines indicating glutaric acidemia type II in newborn screening analysis...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Makoto Saito, Reiki Ogasawara, Koh Izumiyama, Akio Mori, Takeshi Kondo, Masanori Tanaka, Masanobu Morioka, Masahiro Ieko
Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare, hemorrhagic autoimmune disease, whose pathogenesis involves reduced coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) activity related to the appearance of inhibitors against FVIII. Common etiological factors include autoimmune diseases, malignancy, and pregnancy. We report two cases of AHA in solid cancer. The first case is a 63-year-old man who developed peritoneal and intestinal bleeding after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. He was diagnosed with AHA, and was treated with prednisone, followed by cyclophosphamide...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Kazuya Miyaguchi, Minoru Yamaoka, Yoshikazu Tsuzuki, Keigo Ashitani, Hideki Ohgo, Yoshitaka Miyagawa, Keisuke Ishizawa, Hidekazu Kayano, Hidetomo Nakamoto, Hiroyuki Imaeda
A 19-year-old female was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis when she presented with persistent melena, and has been treated with 5-aminosalicylic acid for 4 years, with additional azathioprine for 2 years at our hospital. The patient experienced high-grade fevers, chills, and cough five d prior to presenting to the outpatient unit. At first, the patient was suspected to have developed neutropenic fever; however, she was diagnosed with Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (EB-VAHS) upon fulfilling the diagnostic criteria after bone marrow aspiration...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Takahisa Fujikawa, Kenji Ando
AIM: To elucidate the effect of antithrombotic therapy (ATT) on bleeding and thromboembolic complications during or after laparoscopic digestive surgery. METHODS: Published articles or internationally accepted abstracts between 2000 and 2017 were searched from PubMed, Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar, and studies involving laparoscopic digestive surgery and antiplatelet therapy (APT) and/or anticoagulation therapy (ACT) were included after careful review of each study...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Di-Yu Huang, Long Pan, Qi-Long Chen, Xiao-Yan Cai, Jie Fang
AIM: To retrospectively evaluate the safety and feasibility of a new modified laparoscopic Sugarbaker repair in patients with parastomal hernias. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to analyze eight patients who underwent parastomal hernia repair between June 2016 and January 2018. All of these patients received modified laparoscopic Sugarbaker hernia repair treatment. This modified technique included an innovative three-point anchoring and complete suturing technique to fix the mesh...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Sen Chang, Ming-Xian Lin, Chung-Hsin Chang, Chung-Wang Ko
AIM: To investigate the benefits of the Seattle protocol in the diagnosis of Chinese individuals with Barrett's esophagus. METHODS: Subjects enrolled were patients from one center with endoscopically-suspected esophageal metaplasia. These patients first received narrow-band imaging-targeted biopsy, and later, the Seattle protocol-guided biopsy, within a period from October 2012 to December 2014. Those cases without initial pathologic patterns of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and then appearance or loss of IM tissue were designated as Group A or B, respectively...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Sha Li, Long-Gui Ning, Xin-He Lou, Guo-Qiang Xu
For a long time, it was believed that apoptosis and necrosis were the main pathways for cell death, but a growing body of research has shown that there are other pathways. Among these, necroptosis, a regulatory caspase-independent, programmed cell death pathway, is supposed to be of importance in the pathogenesis of many diseases. The mechanism of regulating, inducing and blocking necroptosis is a complex process that involves expression and regulation of a series of molecules including receptor interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), RIPK3, and mixed lineage kinase like protein...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Per Hedenström, Riadh Sadik
Endosonography (EUS) has an estimated long learning curve including the acquisition of both technical and cognitive skills. Trainees in EUS must learn to master intraprocedural steps such as echoendoscope handling and ultrasonographic imaging with the interpretation of normal anatomy and any pathology. In addition, there is a need to understand the periprocedural parts of the EUS-examination such as the indications and contraindications for EUS and potential adverse events that could occur post-EUS. However, the learning process and progress vary widely among endosonographers in training...
November 26, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
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