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Frontiers in Public Health

Alessandro G Campolina, Tania Y Yuba, Tassia C Decimoni, Roseli Leandro, Maria Del Pilar Estevez Diz, Hillegonda M D Novaes, Patrícia C de Soárez
Background: A large number of health economic evaluation (HEE) studies have been published in developed countries. However, Brazilian HEE literature in oncology has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the scientific literature has provided a set of HEE in oncology capable of supporting decision making in the Brazilian context. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify and characterize studies in this field. We searched multiple databases selecting partial and full HEE studies in oncology (1998-2013)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Milijana Miljkovic, Viktorija Dragojevic-Simic, Nemanja Rancic, Radoje Simic, Tanja Pekez-Pavlisko, Aleksandra Kovacevic, Dusica Stamenkovic
Background: Metamizole is a medication with analgesic, antipyretic, spasmolytic, and weak anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of our study was to evaluate a six-year trend in the utilization and expenditure of metamizole in comparison to other group of licensed non-opioid analgesics in Serbia and Croatia, in order to rationalize its use and prescribing in these countries. Methods: The data of metamizole vs. all other non-opioid analgesics utilization and expenditure in Serbia and Croatia was analyzed according to the WHO methodology and expressed as defined daily doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day (DDD/1,000 inhabitants/per day) and total costs, respectively, during the 6-year period from 2010 to 2015...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Shai S Klaitman, Evgeny Solomonov, Amir Yaloz, Seema Biswas
Background: Adolescent injuries and fatalities constitute a world health concern and present a major public health burden. Of all childhood injuries in Israel 61.8% occur during road traffic crashes. The risk of being injured or killed in a road traffic crash is especially high among individuals deemed to have a low socio-economic status, but, there also exist crucial risk factors for road traffic crashes that are intrinsic social determinants of health, including behavior, lifestyle, education and employment...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Guy Faulkner, Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Lauren White, Tanya R Berry, Mark S Tremblay
Background: The effects of messaging about physical activity and sedentary behavior purposefully integrated into children's TV programming on children's behavior is unknown. The Moblees is a Canadian childrens' show that explicitly promotes physical activity. Two studies were conducted to (1) examine whether children were more physically active when watching a Moblees episode, and (2) explore parental perceptions of the show. Methods: Study 1 was an experimental study with 21 families randomized to watch an episode of The Moblees vs...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Kathleen Howe, Jenny Bach, Myles DeCoito, Shari Frias, Rebecca Hatch, Susan Jarvi
A recent increase in serious cases of rat lungworm disease impacts Hawai'i's agriculture and human health. Slugs and snails, agricultural pests, are intermediate hosts of Angiostrongylus cantonensis the rat lungworm. Infection by this parasitic nematode is the leading cause of eosinophilic meningitis globally. Infection can result from ingestion of infected produce and has caused chronic neurological problems, disability, coma, and death. There are over 200 K-12 school and youth garden, and agriculture projects throughout the Hawaiian Islands...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Zdenko Tomić, Ana Tomas, Zuzana Benšova, Ljiljana Tomić, Olga Horvat, Ivan Varga, Milica Paut Kusturica, Ana Sabo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Obinna Onwujekwe, Chima Onoka, Ifeoma Nwakoby, Hyacinth Ichoku, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Hong Wang
Background: A special health fund was established in Nigeria in 2014 and is known as the Basic Health Care Provision Fund (BHCPF). The fund is equivalent to at least 1% of the Consolidated Revenue of the Federation. The BHCPF will provide additional revenue to fund primary healthcare services and help Nigeria to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). This fund is to be matched with counterpart funds from states and local government areas (LGAs), and is expected to provide at least a basic benefit health package that will cover maternal and child health (MCH) services for pregnant women and under-five children...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Xiaoyue Xu, Deborah Parker, Zumin Shi, Julie Byles, John Hall, Louise Hickman
Background: There is a paucity of studies that have explored the association between dietary pattern and cognitive function, and whether there is an interaction between dietary pattern and hypertension in relation to older people's cognitive functioning. Methods: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition (CHNS) survey. Dietary data have been collected since 1991, and cognitive function interview data were collected between 1997 and 2006. We analyzed ten years of data, including 4,847 participants with 10,658 observations (aged ≥55 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Genevieve F Dunton, Sydney G O'Connor, Britni R Belcher, Jaclyn P Maher, Susan M Schembre
Background: Research on the clustering of physical activity, sedentary, and dietary intake behaviors in children has relied on retrospective and parent-report measures, which may obscure true associations. The current study combined objectively-measured moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) data from waist-worn accelerometers, with multiple child-report 24-h dietary recalls to assess specific components of dietary intake (i.e., dietary fat, carbohydrates, protein; glycemic load, fruits and vegetables) in children...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Dana L Carthron, Ashley Phillips, Carmen C Cuthbertson, Katrina R Ellis, Mary Altpeter, Leigh F Callahan, Stephanie Bahorski, Christine Rini
Increases in physical activity can reduce joint pain among people with osteoarthritis (PWOA) who are insufficiently physically active. Because evidence suggests that social support from intimate partners may help PWOA become more active, researchers have been interested in recruiting couples to studies of physical activity interventions; however, little guidance exists describing efficient and effective strategies for engaging couples in research. We describe methods used to recruit couples and contrast methods in terms of the proportion of individuals enrolled, sample demographic composition, retention, and resources...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, Fiona Phillips, Terry Slevin, Vanessa Allom, Stacey Keightley, Sarah Beasley
Background: An important criterion for health campaign media selection is the ability to achieve campaign awareness among target audiences. However, existing campaign exposure metrics cannot be applied across both traditional and digital media, which complicates decision making. The present study assessed the validity of using self-report as a measure of the extent to which different types of media achieve campaign awareness to assist in determining appropriate media budget allocations. Methods: A quasi-experiment involving varying combinations of television, online video, and online display smoking cessation advertisements was conducted to determine whether audience members were able to accurately report the source of their exposure to the campaign...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Lorna H McNeill, Lorraine R Reitzel, Kamisha H Escoto, Crystal L Roberson, Nga Nguyen, Jennifer I Vidrine, Larkin L Strong, David W Wetter
African Americans in the United States suffer disproportionately from cancer, having the highest mortality rate of any racial/ethnic group across all cancers for the past several decades. In addition, significant disparities exist in several cancer risk behaviors, including obesity, intake of fruits and vegetables, leisure time physical activity and cancer screening. Addressing these disparities require successful development of relationships with minority communities to partner in the research process, in order to understand areas of critical need and develop interventions that are compatible with this community...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Olympia Konstantakopoulou, Daphne Kaitelidou, Charalampos Economou, Giorgos Charalambous
Aim: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of information and administrative assistance regarding patient adherence to asthma guidelines and investigate the nature of the barriers in access to pharmaceutical care in Greece based on the case study of the out-of-hospital management of patients with acute asthma. Materials and Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 100 patients with acute asthma who visited the Emergency Department of a General Hospital of Athens. A comparative cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted during October 2014 and June 2015 regarding the adherence to the follow up...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Kyriakos Souliotis, Lily E Peppou, Eirini Agapidaki, Chara Tzavara
Introduction: Patient participation has emerged as a preponderant theme in contemporary health and healthcare; however there is a dearth of research on the degree and impact of collective patient participation on shaping health policy. In this frame, the current study endeavored to validate a scale for assessing patients' association (PA) participation in health policy processes. Furthermore, PAs' participation in health policy decision making in Greece was explored. Materials and Methods: The Health Democracy Index (HDI) is an eight-item scale enquiring about PAs' participation in important facets of health policy...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Fahad R Choudhry, Tahir M Khan, Miriam Sang-Ah Park, Karen J Golden
The Kalasha are a religious, ethnic, and linguistic minority community in Pakistan. They are indigenous people living in remote valleys of the Hindu Kush Mountains in northern Pakistan, neighboring Afghanistan. The Kalasha are pastoral, as well as agricultural people to some extent, although they are increasingly facing pressures from globalization and social change, which may be influencing youth and community development. Their traditional world view dichotomizes and emphasizes on the division of the pure ( Onjeshta ) and the impure ( Pragata )...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Roman Shrestha, Michael Copenhaver
Introduction: Despite unequivocal evidence supporting the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), its scale-up has been gradual overall, and nearly absent among people who use drugs (PWUD). In the present study, we implemented the use of PrEP, as a part of an integrated HIV prevention approach, and explored the experiences and attitudes related to PrEP use among PWUD. Methods: Between September 2016 and July 2017, we recruited 40 HIV-uninfected, methadone-maintained people, who reported HIV-risk behaviors, and were currently taking PrEP...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Saba M Sheikh, Tom Loney
Background: Universal education is a key strategy to enhance the well-being of individuals and improve the economic and social development of societies. A large proportion of school-aged girls in developing countries are not attending schools. Approximately one-third of South Asian girls do not attend school and in some regions only one in four girls attend primary school. Eliminating gender disparities in school attendance may lead to improvements in female education and reproductive health. Objectives: To conduct a systematic review of the available data from international organizations and regional registries to explore the association between female education and fertility choices in South Asia...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Keng-Yen Huang, Simona C Kwon, Sabrina Cheng, Dimitra Kamboukos, Donna Shelley, Laurie M Brotman, Sue A Kaplan, Ogedegbe Olugbenga, Kimberly Hoagwood
Background: Partnership, engagement, and collaboration (PEC) are critical factors in dissemination and implementation (D&I) research. Despite a growing recognition that incorporating PEC strategies in D&I research is likely to increase the relevance, feasibility, impacts, and of evidence-based interventions or practices (EBIs, EBPs), conceptual frameworks and methodologies to guide the development and testing of PEC strategies in D&I research are lacking. To address this methodological gap, a review was conducted to summarize what we know, what we think we know, and what we need to know about PEC to inform D&I research...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Angela L Carman, Margaret L McGladrey
Cross-jurisdictional sharing is accomplished through collaboration across jurisdictional boundaries to deliver essential public health services and solve problems that cannot be easily addressed by single organizations or jurisdictions. Partners across 10 counties and three public health jurisdictions of the Barren River Area Development District (BRADD) convened as Barren River Initiative to Get Healthy Together (BRIGHT), a community health improvement coalition. Focus groups and interviews with BRIGHT members indicate that the use of effective strategies to focus collaborative health improvement efforts fosters a cohesive coalition even when the group is populated by individuals from across public health jurisdictional boundaries...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Kelli L Barr, Erum Khan, Joveria Q Farooqi, Kehkashan Imtiaz, Dhani Prakoso, Faisal Malik, John A Lednicky, Maureen T Long
Several arboviruses are endemic to and co-circulate in Pakistan. In recent years, Pakistan has observed a rise in arboviral infections. A cross-sectional study for arboviral diseases, which included screening for Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), was initiated in 2015 to determine which pathogens were causing disease in patients presenting to health care services. Exposure to CHIKV was verified via detection of viral nucleic acids or virus-specific IgM with virus-specific neutralizing antibodies. Out of 997 enrolled patients presenting with clinical features suggestive of arboviral disease, 102 patients were positive for CHIKV IgM antibodies and 60 patients were positive for CHIKV nucleic acids or neutralizing antibodies...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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