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Frontiers in Public Health

Shala Cunningham, Bini Litwin, Alicia Fernandez-Fernandez, Jennifer Canbek, Richard Jackson
Introduction: With the globalization of higher education through online training, opportunities exist for collaboration between institutions to promote ongoing advancement of healthcare professionals in resource-limited countries. The success of these programs is dependent on the ability of the program to meet the educational needs of the student and assist with implementation of the new information into practice. A post graduate residency program for physical therapists was introduced to Kenya to promote the development of the profession of physical therapy...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Pauline M Genin, Pascal Dessenne, Julien Finaud, Bruno Pereira, Frederic Dutheil, David Thivel, Martine Duclos
Objective: While public health strategies are developed to fight sedentary behaviors and promote physical activity, some professional activities, and especially tertiary ones, have been pointed out for their highly sedentary nature. Although workplace physical activity programs are increasingly proposed by companies to their employees in order to increase their physical activity levels, sitting and screen time remain extremely high. The main aim of this work was to compare health indicators between active and inactive tertiary employees with similar high levels of sedentariness...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Hiromitsu Kobayashi, Chorong Song, Harumi Ikei, Bum-Jin Park, Juyoung Lee, Takahide Kagawa, Yoshifumi Miyazaki
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of walking in forest environments on autonomic nervous activity with special reference to its distribution characteristics. Heart rate variability (HRV) of 485 male participants while walking for ~15 min in a forest and an urban area was analyzed. The experimental sites were 57 forests and 57 urban areas across Japan. Parasympathetic and sympathetic indicators [lnHF and ln(LF/HF), respectively] of HRV were calculated based on ~15-min heart rate recordings. Skewness and kurtosis of the distributions of lnHF and ln(LF/HF) were almost the same between the two environments, although the means and medians of the indicators differed significantly...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Liubov S Arbeeva, Heidi A Hanson, Konstantin G Arbeev, Alexander M Kulminski, Eric Stallard, Svetlana V Ukraintseva, Deqing Wu, Robert M Boudreau, Michael A Province, Ken R Smith, Anatoliy I Yashin
The Family Longevity Selection Score (FLoSS) was used to select families for the Long Life Family Study (LLFS) but has never been validated in other populations. The goal of this paper is to validate how well the FLoSS-based selection procedure works in an independent dataset. In this paper, we computed FLoSS using the lifespan data of 234,155 individuals from a large comprehensive genealogically-based resource, the Utah Population Database (UPDB), born between 1779 and 1910 with mortality follow-up through 2012-2013...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Christina Y N Niermann, Sarah Spengler, Jessica S Gubbels
Background: The co-occurrence of multiple health behaviors such as physical activity, diet, and sedentary behavior affects individuals' health. Co-occurence of different health behaviors has been shown in a large number of studies. This study extended this perspective by addressing the co-occurrence of multiple health behaviors in multiple persons. The objective was to examine familial health behavioral patterns by (1) identifying clusters of families with similar behavior patterns and (2) characterizing the clusters by analyzing their correlates...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Jen Jen Chen, Dan M Cooper, Fadia Haddad, Anna Sladkey, Eliezer Nussbaum, Shlomit Radom-Aizik
Introduction: Cross-infection risk from contact exposure limits exercise opportunities in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a new live-streamed platform which delivered supervised and interactive group exercise sessions to CF children via digital devices while avoiding contact exposure. Methods: Ten CF children participated in a 6-week tele-exercise program. The program consisted of three 30-min sessions per week for a total of 18 sessions and included aerobic, resistance, and flexibility exercises...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Gilat Grunau, Shai Linn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Amy L Nelson, Lauren Bradley, Pia D M MacDonald
Globally, public health practitioners are called upon to respond quickly and capably to mitigate a variety of immediate and incipient threats to the health of their communities, which often requires additional training in new or updated methodologies or epidemiologic phenomena. Competing public health priorities and limited training resources can present challenges in developed and developing countries alike. Training provided to front-line public health workers by ministries of health, donors and/or partner organizations should be delivered in a way that is effective, adaptable to local conditions and culture, and should be an experience perceived as a job benefit...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Y Alicia Hong, Zi Zhou
Background: The widely accessible Internet has boosted an enthusiasm for eHealth in China, but we know little about eHealth behaviors in the general population. Objective: To assess the prevalence of eHealth behaviors in general Chinese population and identify the predictors of digital divide. Methods: A nationally representative survey was administered in 2016-2017 with a sample size of 4,043. Five eHealth behaviors were assessed: search health information, communicate with healthcare providers, connect with patients of similar health conditions, buy medicine, and make doctor's appointment online...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Redempta Mbatia, Jessica Cohen, Martin Zuakulu, Appolinary Bukuku, Shikha Chandarana, Eliudi Eliakimu, Sisty Moshi, Elysia Larson
Background: Poor health system experiences negatively affect the lives of poor people throughout the world. In East Africa, there is a growing body of evidence of poor quality care that in some cases is so poor that it is disrespectful or abusive. This study will assess whether community feedback through report cards (with and without non-financial rewards) can improve patient experience, which includes aspects of patient dignity, autonomy, confidentiality, communication, timely attention, quality of basic amenities, and social support...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Elisa Mariani, Augusto Biasini, Lucia Marvulli, Silvia Martini, Arianna Aceti, Giacomo Faldella, Luigi Corvaglia, Alessandra Sansavini, Silvia Savini, Francesca Agostini, Marcello Stella, Erica Neri
Objective: The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the effects of two different protein intake regimes on feeding tolerance, in-hospital growth, anthropometric data and psychomotor outcome up to 24 months corrected age (CA) in extremely low birth-weight (ELBW; birth weight <1000 g) infants. Methods: During the period 2008-2013, 52 ELBW infants admitted at birth to two Neonatal Intensive Care Units of Emilia Romagna (Italy) were fed according to different protocols of protein fortification of human milk: an estimated protein intakes at maximum fortification levels of 3...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Wendell C Taylor, Richard R Suminski, Bhibha M Das, Raheem J Paxton, Derek W Craig
Background: Time spent in sedentary behaviors is an independent risk factor for several chronic diseases (e.g., cardiometabolic diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension). Recently, interventions to reduce sitting time at work (a prominent sedentary behavior) have been developed and tested. Organizational culture plays a critical role in the success of workplace interventions. However, there are a limited number of studies that have examined the role of organizational culture in reducing sitting time in the workplace...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Heli M Parviainen, Heli Halava, Esa V J Leinonen, Elise Kosunen, Pasi-Heikki Rannisto
In Finland, the specialization programs in Medicine and Dentistry can be undertaken at all five university medical faculties in 50 specialization programs and in five programs for Dentistry. The specialist training requires 5 or 6 years (300-360 ECTS credits) of medical practice including 9 months of service in primary health care centers, theoretical substance specific education, management studies, and passing a national written exam. The renovation of the national curriculum for the specialization programs was implemented, first in 2008 and officially in August 2009, when theoretical multi-professional social, health management and leadership studies (10-30 ECTS credits) were added to the curriculum...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Brendan J Houston, Brett Nixon, Bruce V King, R John Aitken, Geoffry N De Iuliis
As the use of mobile phone devices is now highly prevalent, many studies have sought to evaluate the effects of the radiofrequency-electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) on both human health and biology. While several such studies have shown RF-EMR is capable of inducing cellular stress, the physicobiological origin of this stress remains largely unresolved. To explore the effect of RF-EMR on the male reproductive system, we exposed cultured mouse spermatogonial GC1 and spermatocyte GC2 cell lines, as well as cauda epididymal spermatozoa to a waveguide generating continuous wave RF-EMR (1...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Emily E Whitgob, Irene Marilyn Loe
Objective: Children in the Child Welfare System (CWS) are at high risk for multiple adverse outcomes. Since involvement in CWS and having a chronic medical condition are both risk factors for poor academic achievement, a logical view is that the combination is additive, increasing the odds of poor performance. However, several factors may complicate such an association. This study explores negative and positive factors that could affect academic achievement in children in CWS with chronic medical conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Robin Mesnage, Gilles-Eric Séralini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Wangeci Gatei, Tura Galgalo, Ahmed Abade, Alden Henderson, Mark Rayfield, David McAlister, Joel M Montgomery, Leonard F Peruski, Adilya A Albetkova
Background: Modifications of the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) curricula to include a laboratory track (L-Track), to become Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP), began in 2004 in Kenya. The L-Track offered candidates training on laboratory competencies in management, policy, quality systems, and diagnostic methods as well as epidemiology, disease surveillance and outbreak response. Since then several FELTPs have discontinued the L-Track and instead offer all candidates, epidemiologists and laboratorians, a single FETP curriculum...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Anna Chapman, Colette J Browning, Joanne C Enticott, Hui Yang, Shuo Liu, Tuohong Zhang, Shane A Thomas
Aim: To determine the effect of a health coach intervention for the management of glycemic control, as well as physiological, psychological and self-care outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), compared with usual care. Methods: This pragmatic cluster RCT was conducted in the Fengtai district of Beijing from August 2011 to December 2013. Forty-one community health stations (CHSs) were cluster randomized (stratified geographically, 1:1 ratio) and eligible, randomly selected T2DM patients were sequentially contacted by CHSs...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Ivy N Defoe, Judith Semon Dubas, Marcel A G van Aken
Social learning theories assume that delinquent peer norms and/or peer pressure are the components of delinquent peer socialization that lead to subsequent adolescent delinquency. However, these specific peer influences are rarely investigated. Moreover, social learning theories such as coercion theory posit that parenting behaviors also play an important role in the development or prevention of delinquency. However, surprisingly, little research has investigated whether parent behaviors could moderate the link between the above-described peer influences and adolescent delinquency...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Rebekah R Jacob, Kathleen Duggan, Peg Allen, Paul C Erwin, Kristelle Aisaka, Samuel C Yang, Ross C Brownson
Background: Evidence-based decision making (EBDM) in health programs and policies can reduce population disease burden. Training in EBDM for the public health workforce is necessary to continue capacity building efforts. While in-person training for EBDM is established and effective, gaps in skills for practicing EBDM remain. Distance and blended learning (a combination of distance and in-person) have the potential to increase reach and reduce costs for training in EBDM. However, evaluations to-date have focused primarily on in-person training...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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