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Frontiers in Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649565/increasing-regional-anesthesia-use-in-a-serbian-teaching-hospital-through-an-international-collaboration
#1
REVIEW
Curtis L Baysinger, Borislava Pujic, Ivan Velickovic, Medge D Owen, Joanna Serafin, Matthew S Shotwell, Ferne Braveman
Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) report low rates of regional anesthesia (RA) use for cesarean delivery (CD), despite its association with lower maternal major morbidity and mortality. Also, the prevalence of neuraxial analgesia for labor (NAL) is often low in LMICs. We report on the results of a collaboration in clinical education over a multi-year period between Kybele Inc., an international non-profit organization, and Klinicki Centar Vojvodine (CCV), a teaching hospital in Novi Sad, Serbia, to increase RA use for CD and NAL at CCV...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642861/reported-systems-changes-and-sustainability-perceptions-of-three-state-departments-of-health-implementing-multi-faceted-evidence-based-fall-prevention-efforts
#2
Matthew Lee Smith, Ellen C Schneider, Imani N Byers, Tiffany E Shubert, Ashley D Wilson, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory
Although the concepts of systems change and sustainability are not new, little is known about the factors associated with systems change sustaining multi-state, multi-level fall prevention efforts. This exploratory study focuses on three State Departments of Health (DOH) that were awarded 5-year funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to simultaneously implement four separate yet related evidence-based fall prevention initiatives at the clinical, community, and policy level. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in partnerships and collaborative activities that occurred to accomplish project goals (examining changes in the context of "before funding" and "after funding was received")...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642860/ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated-atm-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-lung-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Ajay A Myneni, Shen-Chih Chang, Rungui Niu, Li Liu, Baoxing Zhao, Jianping Shi, Xiaoyou Han, Jiawei Li, Jia Su, Shunzhang Yu, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Lina Mu
BACKGROUND: The ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) gene has a key role in DNA repair including activation and stabilization of p53, which implicates the importance of ATM polymorphisms in the development of cancer. This study aims to investigate the association of two ATM single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with lung cancer, as well as their potential interaction with p53 gene and other known risk factors of lung cancer. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted in Taiyuan city, China with 399 cases and 466 controls matched on the distribution of age and sex of cases...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638820/dementia-literacy-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-urban-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Haifeng Zhang, Samantha M Loi, Shu'aijun Zhou, Mei Zhao, Xiaozhen Lv, Jing Wang, Xiao Wang, Nicola Lautenschlager, Xin Yu, Huali Wang
OBJECTIVE: Delay in seeking diagnosis of dementia is common in China. Misinformation and poor knowledge about dementia may contribute to it. The study was designed to explore the nationwide dementia literacy among older adults in urban China and to investigate the factors associated with overall dementia literacy. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a convenience sample of 3,439 community-dwelling old adults aged 60 and over was recruited from 34 cities in 20 provinces between June 20 and August 20, 2014...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634581/commentary-surveillance-of-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-in-pakistan
#5
COMMENT
Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Yusra Habib Khan, Nida Tanveer, Amer Hayat Khan, Muhammad Imran Qadir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634580/tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-and-its-associated-factors-in-a-mountain-district-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#6
Ramesh Barakoti, Anup Ghimire, Achyut Raj Pandey, Dharani Dhar Baral, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Tobacco using among women is more prevalent in Nepal as compared to other South-East Asian countries. The effect of its use is seen not only on the pregnant women, but also health of the growing fetus is compromised. Currently, little is known about the tobacco use among women especially during pregnancy in Nepal. This study explored the tobacco use prevalence and its associated factors during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sankhuwasabha, a mountain district of eastern Nepal...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634579/precision-in-setting-cancer-prevention-priorities-synthesis-of-data-literature-and-expert-opinion
#7
Jennifer Girschik, Laura Jean Miller, Tony Addiscott, Mike Daube, Paul Katris, David Ransom, Terry Slevin, Tim Threlfall, Tarun Stephen Weeramanthri
Cancer will continue to be a leading cause of ill health and death unless we can capitalize on the potential for 30-40% of these cancers to be prevented. In this light, cancer prevention represents an enormous opportunity for public health, potentially saving much of the pain, anguish, and cost associated with treating cancer. However, there is a challenge for governments, and the wider community, in prioritizing cancer prevention activities, especially given increasing financial constraints. This paper describes a method for identifying cancer prevention priorities...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626747/risk-assessment-to-evaluate-if-crayons-complying-with-the-consumer-product-safety-improvement-act-of-2008-for-lead-also-comply-with-california-proposition-65
#8
Gulzar R Ahmad, Subodh Kumar, Dildar Ahmad, Masood A Shammas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620601/the-deaths-of-94-mental-health-care-users-in-gauteng-south-africa
#9
Catherine Govender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620600/biosafety-and-biosecurity-in-european-containment-level-3-laboratories-focus-on-french-recent-progress-and-essential-requirements
#10
REVIEW
Boris Pastorino, Xavier de Lamballerie, Rémi Charrel
Even if European Union (EU) Member States are obliged to implement EU Directives 2000/54/EC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work, national biosafety regulations and practices varied from country to country. In fact, EU legislation on biological agents and genetically modified microorganisms is often not specific enough to ensure harmonization leading to difficulties in implementation for most laboratories. In the same way, biosecurity is a relatively new concept and a few EU Member States are known to have introduced national laboratory biosecurity legislation...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611976/a-sustained-partnership-between-a-haitian-children-s-hospital-and-north-american-academic-medical-centers
#11
Michael P Koster, Jackson H Williams, Jacqueline Gautier, Renee Alce, Bernard E Trappey
Global health initiatives from academic medical centers have rapidly proliferated over the last decade. This paper endeavors to describe our 5-year experience as an academic medical collaborative supporting healthcare delivery, medical training, and research at Hôpital Saint Damien-Nos Petits Frères et Soeurs, the only freestanding children's hospital in Haiti. Descriptions of the history and current activities of our academic medical collaborative, its partnership and communication structure, its evolution to fill the expressed needs of our host site, its funding mechanisms, and its challenges and opportunities for the future are included...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611975/effect-of-promotional-initiatives-on-visits-to-a-dedicated-website-for-physical-activity-and-non-communicable-disease-in-luxembourg-an-event-study
#12
Alexis Lion, Jane S Thornton, Michel Vaillant, Juliette Pertuy, Eric Besenius, Cyrille Hardy, Charles Delagardelle, Romain Seil, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
The Sport-Santé project and its website (www.sport-sante.lu) promote physical activity for individuals with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Luxembourg. Our purpose was to perform an event study analysis to evaluate the effects of communication and promotional initiatives on the number of visits to the Sport-Santé website. Between September 2015 and May 2016, the Sport-Santé website was promoted during different initiatives, including participation in health-related events or publication of articles in local journals...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611974/internal-medicine-residency-program-in-guyana-a-collaborative-model-for-sustainable-graduate-medical-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#13
Dev Persaud, Joanna Cole, Ramdeo Jainarine, Zahira Khalid
The Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC) started the Internal Medicine/Infectious Diseases residency program in 2013. It was a collaborative initiative between GPHC and University of Maryland. Since that time the program has gone through many trials and developed new partnerships and collaboration and emerged as a young successful program with close international links that have worked and persevered in developing the successful academic and professional careers of its residents. International collaborations have resulted in applying innovative methods of teaching to deliver the curriculum in a sustainable manner in a resource-limited setting...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611973/quantifying-the-modern-city-emerging-technologies-and-big-data-for-active-living-research
#14
REVIEW
Deepti Adlakha
Opportunities and infrastructure for active living are an important aspect of a community's design, livability, and health. Features of the built environment influence active living and population levels of physical activity, but objective study of the built environment influence on active living behaviors is challenging. The use of emerging technologies for active living research affords new and promising means to obtain objective data on physical activity behaviors and improve the precision and accuracy of measurements...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611972/racial-discrimination-during-adolescence-predicts-mental-health-deterioration-in-adulthood-gender-differences-among-blacks
#15
Shervin Assari, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing knowledge regarding the negative mental health consequences of perceived racial discrimination, very few researchers have used a longitudinal design with long-term follow-up periods to explore gender differences in this association over time. OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study aimed to investigate gender differences in predictive role of an increase in perceived racial discrimination during adolescence for mental health deterioration a decade later when they are transitioning to young adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603710/use-of-non-prescription-remedies-by-ghanaian-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-persons-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#16
Amos K Laar, Awewura Kwara, Priscillia A Nortey, Augustine K Ankomah, Michael P K Okyerefo, Margaret Y Lartey
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate use of non-prescription remedies by persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) may result in adverse events or potentiate non-adherence to prescribed medications. This study investigated the use of non-prescription remedies among PLHIV receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) from four treatment centers in southern Ghana. METHODS: A mixed method design using quantitative and qualitative methods was used. This article focuses on the quantitative survey of 540 respondents...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596954/assessment-of-health-needs-in-children-with-congenital-upper-limb-differences-in-nicaragua-community-case-study
#17
Maria F Canizares, Jairo J Rios Roque, Gabriel Ramos Zelaya, Michelle A James
Congenital anomalies are prevalent in Nicaragua, and disability is estimated to be 10% in the general population. We studied children with congenital upper limb differences, as they are vulnerable to disability. This case study documents a collaborative effort between American and Nicaraguan orthopedic surgeons to determine unmet health needs of children with congenital upper limb differences at Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera ("La Mascota" Hospital) in Nicaragua, with the goal of developing programs that successfully address these needs within the context of the priorities of the community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596953/tuberculosis-treatment-completion-in-a-united-states-mexico-binational-context
#18
Celina I Valencia, Kacey Ernst, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a salient public health issue along the U.S./Mexico border. This study seeks to identify the social and structural factors, which are associated with TB disease burden in the binational geographic region. Identification of barriers of treatment completion provides the necessary framework for developing evidence-based interventions that are culturally relevant and context specific for the U.S./Mexico border region. METHODS: Retrospective study of data extracted from medical charts (n = 439) from Yuma County Health Department (YCHD) (n = 160) and Centro de Salud San Luis Río Colorado (n = 279)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589120/a-crispr-new-world-attitudes-in-the-public-toward-innovations-in-human-genetic-modification
#19
Steven M Weisberg, Daniel Badgio, Anjan Chatterjee
The potential to genetically modify human germlines has reached a critical tipping point with recent applications of CRISPR-Cas9. Even as researchers, clinicians, and ethicists weigh the scientific and ethical repercussions of these advances, we know virtually nothing about public attitudes on the topic. Understanding such attitudes will be critical to determining the degree of broad support there might be for any public policy or regulation developed for genetic modification research. To fill this gap, we gave an online survey to a large (2,493 subjects) and diverse sample of Americans...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589119/a-light-bulb-moment-in-understanding-public-health-for-undergraduate-students-evaluation-of-the-experiential-this-is-public-health-photo-essay-task
#20
Kate Joanne Dundas, Vibeke Hansen, Suzanne Outram, Erica L James
A lack of understanding of the importance of public health both within the community and in the tertiary education setting is a significant impediment to improvement in population health. The international campaign "This is Public Health" (TIPH) has been promoted widely as a strategy to increase community awareness and attract and inspire the next generation of public health professionals. This paper describes and evaluates student perceptions of a TIPH photo essay and reflective task in order to explore the pedagogical and learning outcomes related to undergraduate students' public health knowledge...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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