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Frontiers in Public Health

Andrew E Springer, Alexandra E Evans, Jaquelin Ortuño, Deborah Salvo, Maria Teresa Varela Arévalo
The important influence of the environmental context on health and health behavior-which includes place, settings, and the multiple environments within place and settings-has directed health promotion planners from a focus solely on changing individuals, toward a focus on harnessing and changing context for individual and community health promotion. Health promotion planning frameworks such as Intervention Mapping provide helpful guidance in addressing various facets of the environmental context in health intervention design, including the environmental factors that influence a given health condition or behavior, environmental agents that can influence a population's health, and environmental change methods...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Ross Shegog, Charles E Begley
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder involving recurrent seizures. It affects approximately 5 million people in the U.S. To optimize their quality of life people with epilepsy are encouraged to engage in self-management (S-M) behaviors. These include managing their treatment (e.g., adhering to anti-seizure medication and clinical visit schedules), managing their seizures (e.g., responding to seizure episodes), managing their safety (e.g., monitoring and avoiding environmental seizure triggers), and managing their co-morbid conditions (e...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Olushayo Olu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Suguru Okami, Naohiko Kohtake
Due to the associated and substantial efforts of many stakeholders involved in malaria containment, the disease burden of malaria has dramatically decreased in many malaria-endemic countries in recent years. Some decades after the past efforts of the global malaria eradication program, malaria elimination has again featured on the global health agenda. While risk distribution modeling and a mapping approach are effective tools to assist with the efficient allocation of limited health-care resources, these methods need some adjustment and reexamination in accordance with changes occurring in relation to malaria elimination...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Yusra Habib Khan, Amer Hayat Khan, Nida Tanveer, Omaid Hayat Khan, Raja Ahsan Aftab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Kimberly R Urban, Wen-Jun Gao
Methylphenidate and other psychostimulants, originally developed to treat attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, are increasingly abused by healthy adolescents and adults seeking an advantage in scholastic performance and work productivity. However, how these drugs may affect cognitive performance, especially in the young brain, remains unclear. Here, we review recent literature and emphasize the risks of abuse of psychostimulants in healthy adolescents and young adults. We conclude that while the desire for cognitive enhancement, particularly with rising costs of education and increasingly competitive nature of scholarship programs, is unlikely to diminish in the near future, it is crucial for the scientific community to thoroughly examine the efficacy and safety of these stimulants in healthy populations across development...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Fred Shaffer, J P Ginsberg
Healthy biological systems exhibit complex patterns of variability that can be described by mathematical chaos. Heart rate variability (HRV) consists of changes in the time intervals between consecutive heartbeats called interbeat intervals (IBIs). A healthy heart is not a metronome. The oscillations of a healthy heart are complex and constantly changing, which allow the cardiovascular system to rapidly adjust to sudden physical and psychological challenges to homeostasis. This article briefly reviews current perspectives on the mechanisms that generate 24 h, short-term (~5 min), and ultra-short-term (<5 min) HRV, the importance of HRV, and its implications for health and performance...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Sanghamitra Pati, Rajeshwari Sinha, Meely Panda, Sandipana Pati, Anjali Sharma, Sanjay Zodpey
Today, health has transcended national boundaries and become more multifaceted. Global health has evolved as a new paradigm and is recently being identified as a thrust area now in India. Despite an existing need for a standardized global health curriculum, there is little information available on its education and curriculum in medical and health education space. In the Indian context, we are yet to have a fuller picture of the current status, including, content, structure, selection, teaching methods of global health, and how students are evaluated in India...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
J Todd Kuenstner, Saleh Naser, William Chamberlin, Thomas Borody, David Y Graham, Adrienne McNees, John Hermon-Taylor, Amy Hermon-Taylor, C Thomas Dow, Walter Thayer, James Biesecker, Michael T Collins, Leonardo A Sechi, Shoor Vir Singh, Peilin Zhang, Ira Shafran, Stuart Weg, Grzegorz Telega, Robert Rothstein, Harry Oken, Stephen Schimpff, Horacio Bach, Tim Bull, Irene Grant, Jay Ellingson, Heinrich Dahmen, Judith Lipton, Saurabh Gupta, Kundan Chaubey, Manju Singh, Prabhat Agarwal, Ashok Kumar, Jyoti Misri, Jagdip Sohal, Kuldeep Dhama, Zahra Hemati, William Davis, Michael Hier, John Aitken, Ellen Pierce, Nicole Parrish, Neil Goldberg, Maher Kali, Sachin Bendre, Gaurav Agrawal, Robert Baldassano, Preston Linn, Raymond W Sweeney, Marie Fecteau, Casey Hofstaedter, Raghava Potula, Olga Timofeeva, Steven Geier, Kuruvilla John, Najah Zayanni, Hoda M Malaty, Christopher Kahlenborn, Amanda Kravitz, Adriano Bulfon, George Daskalopoulos, Hazel Mitchell, Brett Neilan, Verlaine Timms, Davide Cossu, Giuseppe Mameli, Paul Angermeier, Tomislav Jelic, Ralph Goethe, Ramon A Juste, Lauren Kuenstner
On March 24 and 25, 2017 researchers and clinicians from around the world met at Temple University in Philadelphia to discuss the current knowledge of Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) and its relationship to human disease. The conference was held because of shared concern that MAP is a zoonotic bacterium that poses a threat not only to animal health but also human health. In order to further study this problem, the conferees discussed ways to improve MAP diagnostic tests and discussed potential future anti-MAP clinical trials...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Ankit Anand, Md Illias Kanchan Sk
BACKGROUND: In the past, studies have compared smokeless tobacco and non-tobacco users for the risk of various chronic diseases. The differences in the risk of chronic diseases between smokeless tobacco user and smokers have not been explored. The objective of this study is to estimate the risk of chronic diseases among smokeless tobacco users compared to smokers. METHODS: The data were used from the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) Wave-1, conducted in 2007-2008 in India...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Daniel Vujcich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Jeffrey M Taekman, Megan F Foureman, Fred Bulamba, Michael Steele, Emily Comstock, Andrew Kintu, Amy Mauritz, Adeyemi Olufolabi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains a global challenge, affecting thirteen million women each year. In addition, PPH is a leading cause of maternal mortality in Asia and Africa. In the U.S.A., care of critically ill patients is often practiced using mannequin-based simulation. Mannequin-based simulation presents challenges in global health, particularly in low- or middle-income countries. We developed a novel multiplayer screen-based simulation in a virtual world enabling the practice of team coordination with PPH...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Shaking and smothering in response to infant crying are forms of child abuse that often result in death. Unintended pregnancy and young motherhood are risk factors of such child maltreatment that are often comorbid, few studies have examined their synergistic effect on shaking and smothering of infants. We examined the synergistic effects of unintended pregnancy and young motherhood on shaking and smothering among caregivers of infants in Japan. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, a questionnaire was administered to caregivers enrolled for a health check for 3- to 4-month-old infants between October 2013 and February 2014 in Nagoya City, Japan...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Edward Ivor Broughton, Waqas Hameed, Xaher Gul, Shabnum Sarfraz, Imam Yar Baig, Monica Villanueva
INTRODUCTION: This study reports on the effectiveness and efficiency from the program funder's perspective of the Suraj Social Franchise (SSF) voucher program in which private health-care providers in remote rural areas were identified, trained, upgraded, and certified to deliver family planning services to underserved women of reproductive age in 29 districts of Sindh and 3 districts of Punjab province, Pakistan between October 2013 and June 2016. METHOD: A decision tree compared the cost of implementing SSF to the program funder and its effects of providing additional couple years of protection (CYPs) to targeted women, compared to business-as-usual...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Giuseppe Migliara, Valentina Baccolini, Annalisa Rosso, Elvira D'Andrea, Azzurra Massimi, Paolo Villari, Corrado De Vito
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal-dominant hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism that causes lifelong exposure to increased LDL levels resulting in premature coronary heart disease and, if untreated, death. Recent studies have shown its prevalence to be higher than previously considered, which has important implications for the mortality and morbidity of associated cardiovascular disease (CVD). Several clinical tools are used worldwide to help physicians diagnose FH, but nevertheless most patients remain undetected...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Angela J Grippo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Maureen A Wimsatt
Each American Indian tribe is unique in several ways, including in its relationships with local governments and risk for emergencies. Cross-jurisdictional sharing (CJS) arrangements are encouraged between tribes and counties for emergency management-related population health, but researchers have not yet explored CJS experiences of tribes and counties for emergency management. This investigation used collaboration theory and a CJS spectrum framework to assess the scope and prevalence of tribe-county CJS arrangements for emergency management in California as well as preconditions to CJS...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Alexis Descatha, Susanne Schunder-Tatzber, Jefferey Burgess, Pascal Cassan, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Sylvie Rotthier, Koji Wada, Michel Baer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Till Beiwinkel, Stefan Hey, Olaf Bock, Wulf Rössler
Mobile health (mHealth) could be widely used in the population to improve access to psychological treatment. In this paper, we describe the development of a mHealth intervention on the basis of supportive self-monitoring and describe the protocol for a randomized controlled trial to evaluate its effectiveness among smartphone users with psychological distress. Based on power analysis, a representative quota sample of N = 186 smartphone users will be recruited, with an over-sampling of persons with moderate to high distress...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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