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Frontiers in Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540287/it-s-a-process-reactions-to-hiv-diagnosis-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-high-risk-heterosexuals
#1
Alexandra H Kutnick, Marya Viorst Gwadz, Charles M Cleland, Noelle R Leonard, Robert Freeman, Amanda S Ritchie, Talaya McCright-Gill, Kathy Ha, Belkis Y Martinez
After HIV diagnosis, heterosexuals in high-poverty urban areas evidence delays in linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy initiation compared to other groups. Yet barriers to/facilitators of HIV care among these high-risk heterosexuals are understudied. Under the theory of triadic influence, putative barriers to HIV care engagement include individual/attitudinal-level (e.g., fear, medical distrust), social-level (e.g., stigma), and structural-level influences (e.g., poor access). Participants were African-American/Black and Hispanic adults found newly diagnosed with HIV (N = 25) as part of a community-based HIV testing study with heterosexuals in a high-poverty, high-HIV-incidence urban area...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534024/cancer-immunoprevention-and-public-health
#2
REVIEW
Sandeep K Singh, Mehmet Tevfik Dorak
The power of cancer immune surveillance has been documented beyond doubt, and the successful exploitation of immune response to cancer has started a new era in the war against cancer. Cancer biologists have recognized immunoevasion as an emerging hallmark in addition to the six hallmarks of cancer. Besides the natural connection between the immune system and cancer development, most established environmental risk factors are now known to interfere with immune surveillance mechanisms. Genetic variations regulating immunity may also modulate cancer susceptibility, but evidence for this is currently limited...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534023/sexting-prevalence-predictors-and-associated-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-postsecondary-school-young-people-in-ibadan-nigeria
#3
Oluwatoyin Olatunde, Folusho Balogun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sending and receiving sexually suggestive or explicit images or texts (sexting) have been shown to be associated with health risk behaviors but literature about this phenomenon is scarce in Nigeria. This study looked at the prevalence, predictors, and associated sexual risk behaviors of sexting among postsecondary school young persons in Ibadan, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were obtained for sociodemographic characteristics and sexual orientation, sexting behavior, personality assessment (using the International Personality Item Pool Big-Five factor markers), indicators for problematic phone use (using Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale), and sexual behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529937/portable-bio-chemosensoristic-devices-innovative-systems-for-environmental-health-and-food-safety-diagnostics
#4
REVIEW
Roberto Dragone, Gerardo Grasso, Michele Muccini, Stefano Toffanin
This mini-review covers the newly developed biosensoristic and chemosensoristic devices described in recent literature for detection of contaminants in both environmental and food real matrices. Current needs in environmental and food surveillance of contaminants require new simplified, sensitive systems, which are portable and allow for rapid and on-site monitoring and diagnostics. Here, we focus on optical and electrochemical bio/chemosensoristic devices as promising tools with interesting analytical features that can be potentially exploited for innovative on-site and real-time applications for diagnostics and monitoring of environmental and food matrices (e...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#5
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516084/editorial-health-disparities-an-important-public-health-policy-concern
#6
EDITORIAL
Haichang Xin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516083/how-to-study-chronic-diseases-implications-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-for-research-designs
#7
Sebastian von Peter, Patrick Bieler
BACKGROUND: The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) has been received considerable attention internationally. METHODS: The Convention's main arguments are conceptually analyzed. Implications for the development of research designs are elaborated upon. RESULTS: The Convention entails both a human rights and a sociopolitical dimension. Advancing a relational notion of disability, it enters a rather foreign terrain to medical sciences...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512629/a-modified-behavior-risk-factor-surveillance-system-to-assess-diabetes-self-management-behaviors-and-diabetes-care-in-monterrey-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Marylyn Morris McEwen, Rogelio Andrès Elizondo-Pereo, Alice E Pasvogel, Irene Meester, Javier Vargas-Villarreal, Francisco González-Salazar
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the leading causes of death from worldwide non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of diabetes in the Mexico (MX)-United States border states exceeds the national rate in both countries. The economic burden of diabetes, due to decreased productivity, disability, and medical costs, is staggering and increases significantly when T2DM-related complications occur. The purpose of this study was to use a modified behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) to describe the T2DM self-management behaviors, diabetes care, and health perception of a convenience sample of adults with T2DM in Monterrey, MX...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507984/immunoprevalence-to-six-waterborne-pathogens-in-beachgoers-at-boquer%C3%A3-n-beach-puerto-rico-application-of-a-microsphere-based-salivary-antibody-multiplex-immunoassay
#9
Swinburne A J Augustine, Kaneatra J Simmons, Tarsha N Eason, Clarissa L Curioso, Shannon M Griffin, Timothy J Wade, Alfred Dufour, G Shay Fout, Ann C Grimm, Kevin H Oshima, Elizabeth A Sams, Mary Jean See, Larry J Wymer
Waterborne infectious diseases are a major public health concern worldwide. Few methods have been established that are capable of measuring human exposure to multiple waterborne pathogens simultaneously using non-invasive samples such as saliva. Most current methods measure exposure to only one pathogen at a time, require large volumes of individual samples collected using invasive procedures, and are very labor intensive. In this article, we applied a multiplex bead-based immunoassay capable of measuring IgG antibody responses to six waterborne pathogens simultaneously in human saliva to estimate immunoprevalence in beachgoers at Boquerón Beach, Puerto Rico...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497035/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-married-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-danang-city-vietnam
#10
Thang Van Vo, Thi Kim Duong Hoa, Tuyen Dinh Hoang
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) among women is a common mental health concern. It occurs at a time of major life change, coupled with the increased responsibilities associated with the care of a newborn infant. In Vietnam, the prevalence of depressive symptoms after giving birth has not been fully investigated. Research in the Northern provinces, in Ho Chi Minh City, and in Hue suggests postnatal depressive symptoms among women are common. This research aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of PPD symptoms among married women in one Vietnam city (Danang) and (2) identify the social and personal factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497034/comparison-of-fluoride-levels-in-tap-and-bottled-water-and-reported-use-of-fluoride-supplementation-in-a-united-states-mexico-border-community
#11
Kerton R Victory, Nolan L Cabrera, Daniela Larson, Kelly A Reynolds, Joyce Latura, Cynthia A Thomson, Paloma I Beamer
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general United States (U.S.) population, Arizona counties along the U.S.-Mexico border have a higher prevalence of dental caries, which can be reduced with adequate fluoride exposure. Because of concern regarding local tap water quality, fluoride-free bottled water consumption is common in this region, raising concern that families are not receiving adequate fluoride to promote dental health. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the levels of fluoride in tap and bottled water as well as the use of fluoride supplements in an Arizona border community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487852/the-case-for-heat-acclimatization-of-disaster-responders-an-australian-perspective
#12
Matt B Brearley, Ian N Norton, Abigail S Trewin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487851/commentary-development-and-validation-of-a-self-reported-questionnaire-for-measuring-internet-search-dependence
#13
COMMENT
Mark D Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487850/willingness-to-pay-for-social-health-insurance-in-central-vietnam
#14
Lan Hoang Nguyen, Anh Thuan Duc Hoang
BACKGROUND: A social health insurance (SHI) program was implemented in Vietnam in 1992. Participation is compulsory for some groups, such as formal-sector workers and voluntary for other groups. In 2013, 68% of the total population was covered by SHI, with most enrollees from compulsory groups. Enrollment has remained low among persons whose enrollment is voluntary. As a result, households face financial risk due to high out-of-pocket payments for health care. The goal of this study is to identify willingness to pay (WTP) for the SHI scheme among persons whose enrollment is voluntary and to examine factors that influence their choice...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484697/commentary-csf-and-plasma-testosterone-in-attempted-suicide
#15
COMMENT
Leo Sher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484696/collaborating-with-communities-and-higher-education-to-address-the-health-care-needs-of-individuals-with-disabilities-in-ecuador
#16
Donna J Cech, Zully J Alvarado
Individuals with disabilities experience inequities in access to health care, education, employment, and social inclusion. Causes for Change International (CCI), a non-governmental Organization (NGO), using a community-based rehabilitation approach has worked for 20 years to build self-sufficiency, improve health-care services, and education for women, children, and persons with disabilities in Ecuador. CCI initially addressed health; advocacy for individuals with disabilities; and promoted educational opportunities for children with disabilities, starting in one rural community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484695/online-information-on-antioxidants-information-quality-indicators-commercial-interests-and-ranking-by-google
#17
Romaan Aslam, Daniel Gibbons, Pietro Ghezzi
The idea that antioxidant supplements can prevent or cure many diseases is extremely popular. To study the public understanding of antioxidants on the Web, we searched the term "antioxidants" in http://Google.com and analyzed 200 websites in terms of typology (news, commercial, professional, health portal, no-profit or government organization, scientific journals), disease or biological process mentioned (aging, immunity, neurological disease, diabetes, arthritis, etc.), and stance toward antioxidants, whether neutral, positive, or negative...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484694/developing-a-sustainable-need-based-pediatric-acute-care-training-curriculum-in-solomon-islands
#18
Daniel Ta Yo Yu, Jason T Gillon, Raymond Dickson, Karen A Schneider, Martha W Stevens
BACKGROUND: The Johns Hopkins Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) was invited to collaborate with the National Referral Hospital (NRH), Solomon Islands, to establish an acute care pediatric education program for the country's inaugural class of national medical graduate trainees. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a sustainable, need-based post-graduate training curriculum in pediatric acute care, resuscitation, and point-of-care ultrasound. METHODS: A need-based training curriculum was developed utilizing the ADDIE model and was implemented and revised over the course of 2 years and two site visits...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484693/the-three-step-approach-for-mental-health-2017-and-beyond
#19
Yvain Rumalean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484692/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depression-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ayano Miura, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: The impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on postpartum depression (PPD) has been reported in various countries by many studies. However, the association between IPV and PPD in Japan has been scarce. In addition to the limited number of research on the relationship between IPV and PPD, the number of women seeking help from IPV support centers has been steadily increasing in Japan. Hence, it is of interest to explore the relationship between IPV during pregnancy and PPD in Japan...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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