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Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511667/effect-of-wearing-positions-of-load-on-the-dynamic-balance-during-gait
#1
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Che-Cheong Ryew
The study aim to analyze the influence on dynamic stability relative to positions carrying with weight during gait, for which experiment participated with healthful adult males (n=9), were performed under three-dimensional (3D) conditions of no load (NL), right of trunk (RT), and front of trunk (FT). The kinematic and kinetic conclusions obtained from 3D cinematography and ground reaction force system were as follows; 1-step time elapsed showed longest in NL of all, and maximum velocity of RT showed slower than NL and FT, which resulted in significant level at ( P <0...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511666/pre-and-postoperative-postural-regulation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#2
Thomas Bartels, Kay Brehme, Martin Pyschik, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Georg Fieseler, Kevin G Laudner, Souhail Hermassi, René Schwesig
There are currently no longitudinal data describing the pre- and postoperative postural regulation and stability of patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) damage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate postural regulation and stability prior to and during rehabilitation following surgery of the ACL. Fifty-four physically active subjects (age: 30.5±10.9 years, 29 male subjects) were examined with the Interactive Balance System pre-, 6, and at 12 weeks following surgical reconstruction of the ACL using a hamstring tendon graft...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511665/acute-effects-of-one-session-dry-needling-on-a-chronic-golfer-s-elbow-disability
#3
Ardalan Shariat, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Amir Hossein Memari, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Joshua A Cleland, Ramin Kordi
A 40-year-old retired male elite athlete with more than 20 years' experience in wrestling and bodybuilding with mild elbow pain and disability of 2 years presented to our clinic reporting an acute pain in medial aspect of the elbow. Physical examination revealed symptoms of left Golfer's elbow during target-directed movements. The results of sonography in left elbow showed low level of hypo echo irregularity and increased blood flow in color Doppler mode in the common flexor origin. The pain amplitude was moderate at rest and extremely high during kinetic and intentional movements...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511664/relationship-between-ankle-range-of-motion-and-biodex-balance-system-in-females-and-males
#4
Eun-Sook Sung, Jung-Hyun Kim
This study examined whether there are differences between range of motion (ROM) and balance in lower extremities according to gender. A total of 31 male and 28 female students measured plantar flexion (PF), dorsiflexion, inversion (IV), eversion (EV), hip flexion (HF), hip internal rotation (HIR), and hip external rotation (HER) and tested on the Biodex Balance System. ROM of PF and HF were significantly high the female group and ROMs of IV, EV, HIR, and HER were significantly higher the male group than in the female group...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511663/effects-of-ninety-minutes-per-week-of-continuous-aerobic-exercise-on-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-obese-humans
#5
Felipe Lovaglio Belozo, Carlos K Katashima, André V Cordeiro, Luciene Lenhare, Jean F Alves, Vagner Ramon Rodrigues Silva
The main objective of this study was to examine the effect of continuous aerobic training (CAT) in hypertensive, obese people. Seven patients of average age (45.3±3.9 years), height (1.63±0.1 m), body weight (89.09±22.0 kg), and body mass index (33.44±8.6 kg/m2) were subjected to the training. CAT was performed in thrice-weekly nonconsecutive sessions (90 min per week) with intervals of 48 hr between each session. The training sessions entailed 30 min of walking at an intensity of 70%-80% of the maximum heart rate (MHR) on a treadmill over a period of eight weeks, giving a total of 24 sessions...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511662/impact-of-a-12-week-high-intensity-interval-training-without-caloric-restriction-on-body-composition-and-lipid-profile-in-sedentary-healthy-overweight-obese-youth
#6
Marwa Khammassi, Nejmeddine Ouerghi, Sameh Hadj-Taieb, Moncef Feki, David Thivel, Anissa Bouassida
Although High-intensity interval training (HIIT) has shown its effectiveness in improving body composition, cardio-respiratory fitness and lipid profile in obese adults, evidences remain limited in overweight/obese youth. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of a 12-week HIIT program without caloric restriction on body composition and lipid profile among young overweight/obese men. Twenty healthy obese youth were randomly allocated into two groups; experimental group (HIIT) and control group. The HIIT program consisted in 3 exercises sessions per week (30 sec of work at 100% maximal aerobic velocity [MAV]) interspersed by 30 sec of active recovery at 50% MAV, starting by 15 repetitions to reach 27 by the end of the program...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511661/acute-effects-of-endurance-exercise-on-nocturnal-autonomic-functions-in-sedentary-subjects-a-pilot-study
#7
Emi Yuda, Yoshifumi Moriyama, Toshihiko Mori, Yutaka Yoshida, Makoto Kawahara, Junichiro Hayano
Nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) is thought to reflect healthy recovery function of the autonomic nervous system. Although exercise is recommended for health promotion, exercise itself decreases HRV. We studied acute effect of daytime exercise on nocturnal HRV in 5 healthy adults (age, 22-40 years; 2 female subjects) without regular exercise habit. Using a treadmill, they performed 30-min walking at 4 km/hr and 30-min running at 9 km/hr from 11 a.m. on different days at an interval of 2 weeks. On these days and a day without exercise (control), Holter electrocardiograms were recorded from 9 a...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511660/sprint-interval-training-on-the-vertical-treadmill-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-running-performance
#8
Alastair Ross Jordan, David Claxton, Alison Purvis, Andrew Barnes, Mary Fysh
The vertical treadmill (VertiRun) is an unresearched mode of exercise where users engage in a "running-like" action whilst body weight is supported by a recumbent bench and overhanging resistance cables are tethered to the user's ankles. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of training on a VertiRun and any cross-training effect on running performance. Thirty active males (age, 22±4 years; stature, 1.79±0.08 m; body mass, 78.5±12.6 kg) volunteered for this study. Participants' aerobic and anaerobic running performance were determined by incremental maximum rate of oxygen consumption (VO2max) treadmill test and a maximum anaerobic running test (MART), respectively...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511659/changes-of-gait-pattern-muscle-activity-and-perceived-comfort-in-response-to-variations-of-height-elevating-insoles-in-young-adults
#9
Se-Yeon Park, Du-Jin Park
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes of gait pattern, muscle activity, and perceived comfort in response to variations of height-elevating insoles (HEIs) in young adults. The subjects of this study were 30 young adults who voluntarily consented to participate in this experiment after listening to its purpose and method. They were divided into 3 groups who wore HEIs height (0, 3, and 7 cm). Each group consisted of 10 young adults and wore the HEIs for 4 hr a day. Electromyographic signals were collected from the tibialis anterior, the gastrocnemius, the hamstring, and the right and the left erector spinae (ES) before and after walking with the HEI...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511658/effect-of-official-judo-matches-on-handgrip-strength-and-perceptual-responses
#10
Rafael Lima Kons, Juliano Dal Pupo, Jonathan Ache-Dias, Thyago Garcia, Romário Rodrigues da Silva, Luiz Felipe Guarise Katicips, Daniele Detanico
This study aimed to verify the effect of judo matches on handgrip strength and perceptual responses during an official tournament in medalists and nonmedalists. Thirty-four male judo athletes participated in an official judo tournament. Before the first match and immediately after each match, maximum isometric handgrip strength and rate of perceived exertion overall and in specific areas were assessed. Analysis of variance for repeated measures was used to compare variables before the first match and after each match, and t -test was used to compare medalists and nonmedalists with the level of significance set at 5%...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511657/effect-of-rapid-weight-loss-and-glutamine-supplementation-on-immunosuppression-of-combat-athletes-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Aline C C Tritto, Mariane T Amano, Maria E De Cillo, Vinicius A Oliveira, Sandro H Mendes, Caroline Yoshioka, Hamilton Roschel, Niels Olsen S Camara, Bruno Gualano, Guilherme G Artioli
The role of plasma glutamine concentration and glutamine supplementation on immunosuppression was investigated in combat athletes. Twenty-three male athletes were randomly assigned to receive glutamine (21 g/day, n=12) or placebo (ovalbumin, n=11) for 10 days. Six athletes who did not lose weight served as controls. Athletes were assessed 21 days before (-21d), 1 day before (-1d) and 5 days after (+5d) a competition. Weight reduction was similar between glutamine (-8.2%± 4.1%) and placebo (-8.5%±2.4%) and negligible in control (-0...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511656/the-effect-of-warm-ups-with-stretching-on-the-isokinetic-moments-of-collegiate-men
#12
Hyoung-Kil Park, Min-Kyung Jung, Eunkyung Park, Chang-Young Lee, Yong-Seok Jee, Denny Eun, Jun-Youl Cha, Jaehyun Yoo
Performing warm-ups increases muscle temperature and blood flow, which contributes to improved exercise performance and reduced risk of injuries to muscles and tendons. Stretching increases the range of motion of the joints and is effective for the maintenance and enhancement of exercise performance and flexibility, as well as for injury prevention. However, stretching as a warm-up activity may temporarily decrease muscle strength, muscle power, and exercise performance. This study aimed to clarify the effect of stretching during warm-ups on muscle strength, muscle power, and muscle endurance in a nonathletic population...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511655/comparison-of-isokinetic-trunk-flexion-and-extension-torques-and-powers-between-athletes-and-nonathletes
#13
Amira Ben Moussa Zouita, Fatma Zohra Ben Salah, Catherine Dziri, Chris Beardsley
This study is aimed to perform and compare maximal concentric isokinetic trunk extension and flexion torques and powers between high-level athletes and a control population. In addition, the ratio of isokinetic trunk extension and flexion torques was measured, and compared between groups. Eighteen high-level male athletes and 15 male nonathletes without low back pain were recruited. Subjects performed isokinetic trunk extension and flexion at 60°/sec, 90°/sec, and 120°/sec through a maximal range of motion in a dynamometer...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511654/injury-survey-in-choi-kwang-do-ckd-martial-art-practitioners-around-the-world-ckd-is-a-safe-form-of-training-for-adults
#14
Yong-Seok Jee, Denny Eun
Among the many sports and activities to choose from, martial arts are becoming increasingly popular for health and fitness. Due to the different nature of the various styles of martial arts, injuries are not uncommon. Though there have been studies on the injury rates of several martial art styles, there have been none regarding Choi Kwang Do (CKD), a noncompetitive martial art with relaxed and fluid movements designed to promote health and fitness for people of all ages. The purpose of this study was to examine the rate of injury for adults training in CKD to find out whether this is a safe style of martial art for adults...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511653/feasibility-online-survey-to-estimate-physical-activity-level-among-the-students-studying-professional-courses-a-cross-sectional-online-survey
#15
Bhumika Sudha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
The aim of the study was to estimate the physical activity (PA) level among the professional college students in North India. One hundred three professional college students in the age group of 18-25 years were recruited by simple random sampling for this cross-sectional online survey. The survey was advertised on the social networking sites (Facebook, WhatsApp) through a link www.surveymonkey.com/r/MG-588BY. A Short Form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used for this survey study. The questionnaire included total 8 questions on the basis of previous 7 days...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511652/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-in-applying-to-human-body-based-from-graded-exercise-test
#16
Yong-Seok Jee
Recently, whole body-electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) has upgraded its functions and capabilities and has overcome limitations and inconveniences from past systems. Although the efficacy and safety of EMS have been examined in some studies, specific guidelines for applying WB-EMS are lacking. To determine the efficacy and safety of applying it in healthy men to improve cardiopulmonary and psychophysiological variables when applying WB-EMS. Sixty-four participants were randomly grouped into control group (without electrical stimuli) or WB-EMS group after a 6-week baseline period...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511651/effects-of-virtual-reality-exercise-for-korean-adults-with-schizophrenia-in-a-closed-ward
#17
Garam Jo, Brenda Rossow-Kimball, Gwitaek Park, Yongho Lee
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of virtual reality exercise (VRE) using Nintendo Wii-Fit on physical fitness of Korean adults with schizophrenia living in a mental health facility located in South Korea. Two male participants diagnosed with schizophrenia, ages 53 and 61, were recruited and selected for inclusion in this study. The intervention using the Nintendo Wii-Fit consisted of 35-min sessions, 3 times per week for 8 weeks and was facilitated by the primary researcher and two graduate students...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511650/effects-of-regular-moderate-exercise-on-high-fat-diet-induced-intramyocellular-lipid-accumulation-in-the-soleus-muscle-of-sprague-dawley-rats
#18
Kyung-Wan Baek, Hee-Jae Cha, Mee Sun Ock, Hong Soo Kim, Jeong-An Gim, Jung-Jun Park
Previously, we monitored the expression level of the pro-apoptotic proteins caspase-3 and cleaved poly-ADP-ribose polymerase in the skeletal muscle of high-fat diet-induced obese rats in order to assess muscle damage. In this study, we analyzed whether exercise or dietary adjustment was more effective at preventing high-fat diet-induced muscle damage. High-fat diet-induced obese rats were divided into three groups: the high-fat diet (HFD), the combined high-fat diet and exercise (HFD+EXE), and the dietary adjustment (DA) groups...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511649/association-of-sericin-and-swimming-on-the-phenotype-motor-plate-and-functionality-of-the-denervated-plantar-muscle-of-wistar-rats
#19
André Santana, Jean Carlos Debastiani, Regina Inês Kunz, Pamela Buratti, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Márcia Miranda Torrejais, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Physical exercise may help maintain muscle properties and functional improvement after peripheral nerve lesion, which may be enhanced by using biocompatible substances, such as sericin. The aim of this study was analyse the effect of sericin associated with swimming exercise on the phenotype, innervation, and functionality of the plantar muscle of Wistar rats. Forty randomly divided adult rats were used in five groups of eight animals: control, injury, sericin, exercise, exercise and sericin. The application of sericin was done on the spot, 100 μL, shortly after nerve compression...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511648/exercise-training-regulates-angiogenic-gene-expression-in-white-adipose-tissue
#20
Hyuek Jong Lee
White adipose tissue (WAT) expansion is associated with angiogenesis. Although, activation of lipolysis by exercise induces adipocyte hypotrophy and reduction of fat mass, it is poorly understood whether exercise regulates angiogenesis by altering angiogenic gene expression in WAT. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 weeks voluntary wheel running exercise on angiogenic gene expression in adipose tissues. Male C57BL/6J mice performed voluntary wheel running for 6 weeks. At 24 hr after the last exercise training, tibialis anterior (TA), soleus (Sol), epididymal WAT (eWAT), inguinal WAT (iWAT), and brown adipose tissue (BAT) were isolated and then the expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), angiopoietin1 (Ang1), Ang2, platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGF-B) and their corresponding receptors were analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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