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Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation

Joon-Hee Lee, Sang-Min Hong, Yun-A Shin
[This corrects the article on p. 267 in vol. 14, PMID: 29740562.].
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Jong-Hee Han, Che-Cheong Ryew
The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of knee positions on cardiac compression variables in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using the manikin. Adult with career of CPR instructor (n=9; mean age, 27.11±6.60 years; mean heights, 177.39±4.40 cm; mean weights, 69.45±14.85 kg) participated in the experiment, and each participant performed cardiac compression from two different knee positions. Cardiac compression was 30 times per minute for each position with order of position randomized. The results obtained from variables of cardiac compression force were composed of compression velocity, elapsed time, decay rate, and loading rate in maximum and minimum medial-lateral, anterior-posterior (AP), vertical direction respectively...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Eun-Ju Lee, Sang-Yeol Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of early-stage neurodevelopmental treatment on the growth of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. A total of 85 premature infants were included in this study. Infants with a birth weight of less than 2.5 kg and of 2.5 kg or higher were classified as premature infants with a high risk of growth delay and with a low risk of growth delay respectively. Of the 55 premature infants with a high risk of growth delay, 27 premature infants were placed in the intervention group and 28 were placed in the control group according to their hospitalization time...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Adesola Ojo Ojoawo, Elijah Oluwatobiloba Malomo, Emmanuel Olufemi Olusegun, B Matthew Olatokunbo Olaogun
The study examined the effect of pulsed therapeutic ultrasound in management of patients with incessant pain at lower region of the back (PWIPLB) in comparison with kneading massage (KM). Fifty PWIPLB recruited purposively were randomly assigned into ultrasound group (USG) and KM group (KMG) equally. Subjects received back extension exercises as baseline treatment. USG received pulse ultrasound (PUS) while KMG was treated using KM. The treatments were administered 2 times weekly for a 6-week period. Severity of pain (SP) and inability of patient (IoP) were evaluated at baseline, 3rd week and 6th week of treatment...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Farzin Farahbakhsh, Maryam Akbari-Fakhrabadi, Ardalan Shariat, Joshua A Cleland, Farbod Farahbakhsh, Tohid Seif-Barghi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohsen Rostami, Ramin Kordi
This population-based, cross-sectional study aimed to determine the frequency of neck pain, low back pain (LBP) and also the LBP related functional disability in five sport categories including football, volleyball, basketball, wrestling, and other sports in one of the Iranian sport Olympiads. The prevalence of neck pain and LBP in different time points was evaluated with the use of an interview questionnaire. A visual analogue scale was used to evaluate the athlete's current pain. Furthermore, the functional disability related to LBP was assessed by the Athletes Disability Index Questionnaire (ADI)...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Carolina S Nakada, Paula C Meningroni, Ana Claudia Silva Ferreira, Luciana Hata, Amanda C Fuzaro, Wilson Marques Júnior, João Eduardo de Araujo
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response of the tibialis anterior muscle (TAm) using surface electromyography in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT-IA), after ipsilateral proprioceptive neuromuscular patterns (PNF). Thirteen CMT-IA patients (both sexes) were treated twice a week, for 5 weeks, with bilateral PNF pattern, four times per treatment. During the execution of the patterns, we recorded the bilateral activation of the TAm in root mean square (RMS). We used the Student paired t -test for the first and last treatments, P -value set at <0...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Se-Yeon Park, Hyun-Seok Bang, Du-Jin Park
This study investigated potential for foot dysfunction and plantar fasciitis according to the shape of the foot arch in young adults. Fifty-two participants were required for the present study design to achieve 80% power, 0.8 effect size (η2), and an alpha level of 0.05. This study recruited 52 young adults (30 men and 22 women). All participants voluntarily agreed to participate in the study after hearing explanations about the purpose and process of the study. They were divided into two groups of 26 according to the shape of foot with and without flat foot using the navicular drop test...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Felipe Stigger, Silvia Barbosa, Marília Rossato Marques, Ethiane Segabinazi, Otávio Américo Augustin, Matilde Achaval, Simone Marcuzzo
The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether locomotor stimulation training could have beneficial effects on spinal cord plasticity consequent to sensorimotor restriction (SR). Male Wistar rats were exposed to SR from postnatal day 2 (P2) to P28. Control and experimental rats underwent locomotor stimulation training in a treadmill from P31 to P52. The intensity of the synaptophysin and caspase-3 immunoreaction was determined on ventral horn of spinal cord. The synaptophysin immunoreactivity was lower in the ventral horn of sensorimotor restricted rats compared to controls animals and was accompanied by an increased caspase-3 immunoreactivity...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Min-Jeong Kim, Tae-Young Kim, Yeon-A Choi, Ji-Hyoung Chin, Shin-Young Lee
This study intended to analyze the characteristics of standing posture and factors related to sarcopenia of elderly women in Korea to provide basic data for the development of rehabilitation programs designed to prevent and control of the sarcopenia of elderly women. A total of 194 elderly women, aged over 65 years old, living in Gyeonggi-do, were selected to diagnose the presence of sarcopenia through bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and muscle function test (gait speed and grip strength). The subjects were then distinguished into normal group (NG=92), presarcopenia group (PG=86), and sarcopenia group (SG=16); the standing posture of elderly women was captured with the three-dimensional (3D) imaging technique (PA200), and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out for the collected data through IBM SPSS Statistics ver...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Isaac Kwaku Acheampong, Monday Omoniyi Moses, Biggie Baffour-Awuah, Ebenezer Essaw, Winifred Mensah, Daniel Afrifa, Lemuel Owusu
Stroke is the topmost cause of mortality and disability in Ghana. Conventional exercise is mostly used aside pharmacological management technique but the complimentary effects of combined exercise training (CET) have not been reported. This study investigated the effectiveness of combined and conventional exercise trainings on lipid-cardiovascular profiles and body composition among stroke patients in Kumasi. Thirteen stroke survivors between ages 35-68 years (mean±standard deviation: age, 59.88±10.88 years; duration of illness, 18...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jun-Youl Cha, Yong-Seok Jee
This study examined the differences of heart rate (HR) and body composition in elementary students who practiced two different styles of Wushu: Nanquan (NQ) and Changquan (CQ). A total of 40 subjects between the ages of 8 and 12 participated in this study who were grouped into NQ (n=20) and CQ (n=17). The results showed that the decreased body weight, increased basal metabolic rate, and higher physical efficiency index were due to the higher real-time HRs of NQ training compared with those of CQ training from 25 to 40 sec...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Ji-Woon Kim, Yeong-Chan Ko, Tae-Beom Seo, Young-Pyo Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 12-week circuit training program on health-related physical fitness and metabolic syndrome risk factors in obese female college students. Twenty subjects with over 30% of accumulated body fat voluntarily participated and were randomly allocated to the control group (n=10) or circuit training group (n=10). The circuit training program consisted of 10 types of resistance and aerobic exercise and was performed 3 times per week for 12 weeks. Health-related physical fitness and metabolic syndrome risk factors were analyzed to elucidate the effect of the circuit training...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Ulysses Franco de Oliveira, Laís Caldas de Araújo, Palloma Rodrigues de Andrade, Heleodório Honorato Dos Santos, Danilo Gomes Moreira, Manuel Sillero-Quintana, José Jamacy de Almeida Ferreira
This study aimed to investigate the acute effects of stretching exercise on skin temperature, flexibility, passive muscle stiffness, and pain during hamstring stretching in healthy young subjects. Thirty-one participants (n=31) were randomly divided into 2 groups: an experimental group (EG, n=15), which was submitted to hamstring stretching exercise for 180 sec, and the control group (n=16), which was not exercised. Skin temperature (TsK) was collected in subjects' posterior thigh using a thermographic camera at 7 time points with intervals of 30 sec each: T0 (rest), T30, T60, T90, T120, T150, and T180...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Soo-Han Kim, Se-Yeon Park
Recent studies have indicated that applying different breathing pattern and changes of extremity positions could be a useful way of performing challenging exercises that include coactivation of the abdominal muscles. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of changes of breathing pattern and hip position on abdominal muscle activity during curl-up exercises. Surface electromyography responses of the rectus abdominis (RA), internal oblique (IO), external oblique (EO) muscles and rectus femoris (RF), and Borg rating of perceived exertion (Borg RPE) score were investigated during the curl up exercises...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Yun-A Shin, Won-Ho Choi
The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in the muscle activation of high school and college baseball pitchers during throwing of the ball with maximum effort (TBME) using a regular baseball (RB) subsequent to using a light baseball (LB), RB, and overweight baseball (OB) during warm-up (WU) and the resulting changes in the pitch velocity. The study aimed to use the findings in providing basic data for a training program designed to increase the pitch velocity of baseball pitchers. The study population consisted of 12 high school and college baseball players...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Osamu Yanagisawa, Hidenori Taniguchi
Compared to upper extremity function, the changes in lower extremity function with increasing numbers of pitches have not fully been investigated in baseball pitchers. In addition, little is known about the correlation between lower extremity function and pitching performance. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of fatigue on lower extremity function and pitching performance in a simulated baseball game. Eighteen collegiate baseball pitchers threw 117 pitches in 9 innings (13 pitches per inning) with 5-min rest between innings at an official pitching distance in a simulated game...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Sang-Jin Yoon, Kazunori Irie, Dae-Young Kim, Tae-Jin Park
To analyze changes in pitching motions in relation to pitching conditions during practice versus game comparatively, seven high school over-throwing pitchers served as subjects in this study, who then performed pitches in various conditions. Data were processed using the statistical analysis program SPSS 21.0, and the moving distances and angles of the joints at the point of ball release were analyzed using repeated measurements one-way analysis of variance, followed by Bonferroni post hoc tests. Statistical significance was determined at P <0...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Eun-Sook Sung, Jung-Hyun Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference effect of estrogen on muscle tone of medial and lateral thigh muscle during ovulation (OV). Twenty-eight untrained eumenorrheic healthy women tested muscle stiffness and frequency of vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, semitendinosus, and biceps femoris during menstrual cycle (MC). MC were divided into menses (MS), OV, and luteal phase (LP). The muscle frequency of vastus medialis and semitendinosus were significant higher in OV (13.83±1.58 Hz, 15...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Tuğba Kocahan, Bihter Akınoğlu
Muscle strength and core endurance are both factors contributing to athletes' performance and prevalence of injuries. There are no studies indicating the relationship between muscle strength around the shoulder and knee joints and core endurance. The aim of our study is to determine the relationship between core endurance and isokinetic muscle strength of knees and shoulders of elite athletes. Seventy-one elite athletes (weight lifting, boxing, taekwondo, biathlon, and ice skating) (age, 18.13±2.9 years) were included in the study...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Jong-Soon Kim, Hye-Sang Park, Sae-Sook Oh
The purpose of this study is to analyze exercise injury experiences of sports participants and the characteristics of sporting activities depending on whether they have injured or not. The subjects of this study included the 107 people who have experienced exercise injuries and the 103 people who have not have experienced exercise injuries with aged between the 20s and 40s. The questionnaire with household interviews was used for this research. The results of this study that the female participants who have experienced an injury while exercise was outnumbered by their male counterparts and it is found that sports participants in their 40s represented the highest ratio and that the two most popular sports the participants who have experienced injury did were body-building and golf...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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