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Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326906/a-comparison-of-ground-reaction-force-components-according-to-the-foothold-heights-in-16-t-truck-during-downward-step
#1
Seung-Hyun Hyun, Che-Cheong Ryew
The aim of this study is to compare and analyze the components of ground reaction force (GRF) relative to the foothold heights during downward step of 16-t truck. Adult males (n= 10) jumped downward from each 1st, 2nd, 3rd foothold step and driver's seat orderly using hand rail. Sampling rate of force components of 3 axis (medial-lateral [ML] GRF, anterior-posterior [AP] GRF, peak vertical force [PVF]), variables (COPx, COPy, COP area) of center of pressure (COP), loading rate, and stability index (ML, AP, vertical, and dynamic postural stability index [DPSI]) processed from GRF system was cut off at 1,000 Hz...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326905/neuromuscular-features-in-sprinters-with-cerebral-palsy-case-studies-based-on-paralympic-classification
#2
Diego Antunes, Mateus Rossato, Rafael Lima Kons, Raphael Luiz Sakugawa, Gabriela Fischer
Despite the evolution of runner performance in athletes with cerebral palsy (CP), little is known about neuromuscular parameters of sprinters from different classes, especially related to power output, muscular imbalances and asymmetry indexes in lower limbs. The aim of this study was to assess muscle power, muscular imbalance and asymmetry in sprinters with CP. Four male sprinters with CP (age, 18 to 27 years; body mass, 58.5 to 72.8 kg; height, 161.5 to 174 cm) classified as T38, T37, T36, T35 according to International Paralympic Committee functional classification, performed vertical counter movement jump and squat jump on force plate and isokinetic torque evaluations in both limbs...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326904/effects-of-habitual-smoking-on-cardiopulmonary-function-in-taekwondo-athletes
#3
Dong-Jin Jang, Hee-Cheol Kim, Jae-Kyung Kim, Sun-Young Jung, Dae-Young Kim
This study aimed to verify habitual smoking effects on cardiopulmonary function in taekwondo athletes. Subjects were university taekwondo athletes aged 20-24 years in nonsmoker (n= 9) and smoker (n= 6) groups. Subjects underwent an exercise examination for their ventilation threshold, minute ventilation, oxygen uptake, maximum volume of minute oxygen consumption, heart rate, and oxygen pulse during exercise and 1, 3, and 5 min after maximum exercise. The time of reaching the ventilation threshold was significantly higher in nonsmokers than in smokers...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326903/inter-and-intrarater-reliability-of-goniometry-and-hand-held-dynamometry-for-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#4
Georg Fieseler, Kevin G Laudner, Lars Irlenbusch, Henrike Meyer, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Souhail Hermassi, Thomas Bartels, René Schwesig
The purpose of this study was to examine the intra- and interrater reliability of measuring shoulder range of motion (ROM) and strength among patients diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Twenty-five patients (14 female patients; mean age, 60.4± 7.84 years) diagnosed with SAIS were assessed to determine the intrarater reliability for glenohumeral ROM. Twenty-five patients (16 female patients; mean age, 60.4± 7.80 years) and 76 asymptomatic volunteers (52 female volunteers; mean age, 29...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326902/low-intensity-training-provokes-adaptive-extracellular-matrix-turnover-of-a-muscular-dystrophy-model
#5
Thaís P Gaiad, Murilo X Oliveira, Adalfredo R Lobo, Lívia R Libório, Priscilla A F Pinto, Danielle C Fernandes, Ana Paula Santos, Carlos Eduardo Ambrósio, Alex Sander D Machado
Recommendations of therapeutic exercise in Duchenne muscular dystrophy are still controversial. The hypothesis that a low-intensity training (LIT) protocol leads to muscle adaptations on mdx mice model was tested. Dystrophic male mice with 8 weeks old were separated in exercised (mdxE, n= 8) and sedentary (mdxC, n= 8) groups. Wild-type mice were used as control (WT, n= 8) group. Exercised group underwent a LIT protocol (9 m/min, 30 min, 3 days/wk, 60 days) on a horizontal treadmill. At day 60 all animals were analyzed regarding parameters of markers of muscle lesion and extracellular matrix turnover of muscle tissue by collagens fibers on tibial anterior muscle...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326901/short-term-effects-of-theracurmin-dose-and-exercise-type-on-pain-walking-ability-and-muscle-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
Yun-A Shin, Min-Hwa Suk, Hee-Seung Jang, Hye-Jung Choi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term of Theracurmin dose and exercise type on pain, walking ability, and muscle function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Twenty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis randomly selected to Theracurmin intake (T) group and Theracurmin in combined with exercise (T+E) group. T group (n= 13) was taken orally a capsule of 700 mg, 3 times per day, (total 2,100 mg, 35 mg/kg-body weight). T+E group (n= 12) performed aerobic training of 30-min walking and weight training for increasing leg muscular strength...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326900/development-of-strategies-for-changing-in-physical-activity-behaviors-on-older-adults-with-disabilities
#7
Kyo-Man Koo, Chae-Hee Park, Chun-Jong Kim
The purpose of this study was to develop strategies for promoting physical activity for the disabled older adults who were in the transtheoretical model of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages about participating physical activities for promoting healthy life-styles. In order to achieve this goal, we developed a preliminary strategy for promoting physical activity for the elderly with disabilities based on the data gathered through the ground-work studies and the results of the research on the changes of the exercise behavior directly investigated from the elderly with disabilities...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326899/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-exercise-rehabilitation-program-on-walking-capacity-and-functionality-after-a-stroke
#8
Montserrat Grau Pellicer, Andrés Chamarro Lusar, Josep Medina Casanovas, Bernat-Carles Serdà Ferrer
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking ability and activities of daily living (ADLs) among people who had suffered a stroke. Thirty-one stroke survivors who had completed a conventional rehabilitation program voluntarily participated in the study. Twenty-six participants completed the multimodal exercise rehabilitation program (2 days/wk, 1 hr/session). Physical outcome measures were: walking speed (10-m walking test), walking ability (6-min walking test and functional ambulation classification) and ADLs (Barthel Index)...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326898/effect-of-10-weight-loss-on-simulated-taekwondo-match-performance-a-randomized-trial
#9
Leonardo de Sousa Fortes, Gustavo César de Vasconcelos, Bruna Daniella de Vasconcelos Costa, Pedro Pinheiro Paes, Emerson Franchini
The objective of the present study was to analyze the effect of 10% body mass reduction on simulated taekwondo match performance. Thirty-one male taekwondo athletes were randomly distributed in two groups: weight loss group (n= 15) - athletes in this group reduced 5% body mass per week during two successive weeks, totaling 10% body mass reduction; control group (n= 16) - athletes in this group kept their body mass constant during the 2-week period. Twenty-four hours before and after this period, athletes performed a simulated 3-round taekwondo match (6 min)...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326897/effect-of-vigorous-physical-activity-on-blood-lipid-and-glucose
#10
Hyoung-Jeong Kwon, Han-Joon Lee
The aim of the study is to investigate how the participation of vigorous physical activities in the health examination contributes to blood lipid and blood glucose. A total of 56,810 workers from the Ulsan University Hospital in Ulsan, Subjects were tested for health checkups from February to November in 2016. The subject is those who does not have medical history, current ailments, and medication histories, and selected those who conducted the study of subjects tested to research. And this study did not consider their drinking and smoking...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326896/relationship-between-sitting-volleyball-performance-and-field-fitness-of-sitting-volleyball-players-in-korea
#11
Bogja Jeoung
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sitting volleyball performance and the field fitness of sitting volleyball players. Forty-five elite sitting volleyball players participated in 10 field fitness tests. Additionally, the players' head coach and coach assessed their volleyball performance (receive and defense, block, attack, and serve). Data were analyzed with SPSS software version 21 by using correlation and regression analyses, and the significance level was set at P< 0.05...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326895/effects-of-walking-with-hand-held-weights-on-energy-expenditure-and-excess-postexercise-oxygen-consumption
#12
Catherine T Campaña, Pablo B Costa
Walking is not only important to assist in performing daily tasks, but also to gain cardiovascular benefits. Further research on walking is needed to examine the physiological responses to improve health and reduce the risks of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the energy expenditure (EE) during and after walking exercise with versus without hand-held weights (HHW). Nineteen sedentary women (mean±standard deviation; age, 21±2.7 years, height, 163.1±6.3 cm; body mass, 66.6± 15...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326894/comparison-study-for-body-image-education-of-domestic-and-overseas-female-college-students
#13
Tae-Young Kim
The 2016 health education index showed such tendency as well including their raised obesity index, and reported that they are much interested in body images appearing externally. Accordingly, in this study, we conducted the self-reported questionnaire aimed at a total of 389 subjects composed of domestic (n= 226) and overseas (n= 163) female college students from Asia, Europe, and Latin America so as to investigate their body images for face, figure and health through questionnaires. In this context, a survey was conducted with the method of this study, consequently indicating that overseas subjects are more greatly positive and active to body images (face, figure, and health) by health level, exercise preferences, extent of body activities and body weight than domestic ones...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326893/treadmill-exercise-ameliorates-social-isolation-induced-depression-through-neuronal-generation-in-rat-pups
#14
Jung-Wan Cho, Sun-Young Jung, Sang-Won Lee, Sam-Jun Lee, Tae-Beom Seo, Young-Pyo Kim, Dae-Young Kim
Social isolation is known to induce emotional and behavioral changes in animals and humans. The effect of treadmill exercise on depression was investigated using social isolated rat pups. The rat pups in the social isolation groups were housed individually. The rat pups in the exercise groups were forced to run on treadmill for 30 min once a day from postnatal day 21 to postnatal day 34. In order to evaluate depression state of rat pups, forced swimming test was performed. Newly generated cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus were determined by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326892/role-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-in-muscle-damage-and-regeneration-focused-on-eccentric-muscle-contraction
#15
REVIEW
Jooyoung Kim, Joohyung Lee
High-intensity eccentric muscle contraction induces muscle damage. Damaged muscles recover through different processes, including degeneration, inflammation, regeneration, and fibrosis; some of these processes are mediated through the actions of cytokines. The transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) is one such cytokine involved in muscle recovery and repair. In this regard, TGF-β regulates the skeletal muscle inflammatory response, inhibits muscle regeneration, regulates extracellular matrix remodeling, and promotes fibrosis...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326891/role-of-exercise-on-molecular-mechanisms-in-the-regulation-of-antidepressant-effects
#16
REVIEW
Hyo-Jun Lee, Seung-Soo Baek
Regular exercise reduces depressive-like behavior activation. In this study, we look for exact roles of exercise on molecular and neuronal mechanisms for antidepressant action by studying the hippocampal neuroplasticity and proliferation. Increased hippocampal neurogenesis with exercise has potential significance for depression. Exercise promotes brain health in the molecular levels in the hippocampus and also affects behavior in a similar way to chronic antidepressant treatment. Wingless (Wnt) and frizzled signaling system plays an important role in cell proliferation, growth, and differentiation during development...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326890/how-can-we-reduce-injuries-and-illnesses-among-athletes-during-the-pyeongchang-2018-olympic-winter-games
#17
EDITORIAL
Sun Huh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326889/office-home-based-exercise-rehabilitation-is-useful-for-computer-based-workers-in-today-s-world
#18
EDITORIAL
Ardalan Shariat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326888/season-s-greetings
#19
EDITORIAL
Khae-Hawn Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114537/lack-of-association-between-glutathione-s-transferase-mu-1-gstm1-gene-polymorphisms-and-obesity
#20
Seung-Ae Yang
Recent researches suggested that personal individual's genetic background is contributed to the susceptibility to obesity. The present of this study is to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of glutathione s-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) gene are susceptibility to obesity in Korean population. In present study, two SNPs (rs1056806 [Asp142Asp], rs3815029 [promoter]) of GSTM1 gene were genotyped in 117 overweight/obese subjects with a body mass index (BMI)≥23 kg/m(2) and 125 nonoverweight/obese with a BMI of 18...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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