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Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119889/simple-x-ray-versus-ultrasonography-examination-in-blunt-chest-trauma-effective-tools-of-accurate-diagnosis-and-considerations-for-rib-fractures
#1
Eun Gu Hwang, Yunjung Lee
Simple radiography is the best diagnostic tool for rib fractures caused by chest trauma, but it has some limitations. Thus, other tools are also being used. The aims of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasonography (US) for identifying rib fractures and to identify influencing factors of its effectiveness. Between October 2003 and August 2007, 201 patients with blunt chest trauma were available to undergo chest radiographic and US examinations for diagnosis of rib fractures. The two modalities were compared in terms of effectiveness based on simple radiographic readings and US examination results...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119888/association-study-between-growth-hormone-receptor-ghr-gene-polymorphisms-and-obesity-in-korean-population
#2
Seung-Ae Yang
A main target of growth hormone (GH) is adipose tissue in human body. The GH secretion in obesity patients is impaired. It is needless to say that growth hormone receptor (GHR) is necessary in GH hormone signaling. The purpose of the present study is to examine the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the development of obesity. A total of 211 overweight/obese subjects with a body mass index (BMI) ≥23 kg/m(2) and 157 nonoverweight/obese controls with a BMI of 18.5-23.0 kg/m(2) were involved in this study...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119887/botulinum-toxin-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-with-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity
#3
Young Sam Cho, Khae Hawn Kim
Evidence for the efficacy and safety of intravesical onabotulinum toxin A (onabotA) injections has led to them being licensed in many countries, including Korea, for the treatment of patients with urinary incontinence due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) resulting from spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis who are refractory or intolerant to anticholinergic medications. OnabotA injections have an inhibitory effect on acetylcholine release for up to 10 months, with a recommended dose of 200 U. OnabotA treatment has a beneficial effect not only on urinary symptoms, but also on quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119886/influence-to-high-intensity-intermittent-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-exercise-on-indices-of-cardio-inflammatory-health-in-men
#4
Carolina C Santos, Tiego A Diniz, Daniela S Inoue, José Gerosa-Neto, Valéria L G Panissa, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel, Eduardo Z Campos, Peter Hofmann, Fábio S Lira
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence to acute exercises performed in different intensities with volume equalized (5 km) on indices of cardio-inflammatory health. Twelve physically active male subjects (age, 23.22±5.47 years; height, 174.75±5.80 m; weight, 75.13±6.61 kg; maximal oxygen uptake, 52.92 mL/kg/min), after determination of peak oxygen uptake (VO2Peak) and the speed associated with VO2Peak (sVO2Peak), completed two randomly experimental trials: high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE: 1:1 at 100% sVO2Peak) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE: 70% sVO2Peak)...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119885/vitamin-d-status-and-its-associations-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-korean-women-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2014
#5
Taeck-Hyun Lee, Woo Sung Jin, Juwon Park, Hyun-Hee Choi, Eun Jin Bae
In the present study, vitamin D status and its associations with rheumatoid arthritis in Korean women were investigated. Total 2,162 women's data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2008-2014 ware analyzed by complex sampling design logistic regression analysis and complex sampling design general linear model. Women who over 19 years old were included, and who has osteoporosis or abnormal parathyroid hormone or renal failure or liver cirrhosis or abnormal creatinine were excluded...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119884/effect-of-sports-vision-exercise-on-visual-perception-and-reading-performance-in-7-to-10-year-old-developmental-dyslexic-children
#6
Rokhsareh Badami, Sahar Mahmoudi, Bahman Baluch
The presented study was aimed at identifying for the first time the influence of sports vision exercises on fundamental motor skills and cognitive skills of 7- to 10-year-old developmental dyslexic Persian children. A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study was conducted. The statistical population of this study was 7- to 10-year-old dyslexic children referring to two centres of learning disorder in the city of Isfahan. Twenty two of these children were selected using available and purposive sampling from the statistical population and were randomly assigned into two groups of experimental and control...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119883/the-relationship-between-the-behavior-problems-and-motor-skills-of-students-with-intellectual-disability
#7
Yangchool Lee, Bogja Jeoung
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the motor skills and the behavior problems of students with intellectual disabilities. The study participants were 117 students with intellectual disabilities who were between 7 and 25 years old (male, n=79; female, n=38) and attending special education schools in South Korea. Motor skill abilities were assessed by using the second version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency, which includes subtests in fine motor control, manual coordination, body coordination, strength, and agility...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119882/responsibility-for-child-and-adolescent-s-psychosocial-support-associated-with-severe-sports-injuries
#8
Charlotte Hallquist, Ulrika Tranaeus Fitzgerald, Marie Alricsson
The manner in which health professionals and coaches act and decide on treatment and prognosis can influence athletes in a way that not only strengthens them, but it can also reduce their confidence in their own ability. The purpose was to determine who has the responsibility for child and adolescent psychosocial support needed in connection with a severe sports injury as well as investigate whether coaches, physiotherapists and parents are aware of the support that is needed. Qualitative interviews with coaches, parents and physiotherapists with experience of serious sports injuries in young people aged 12 to 16 years old from different sports were analysed using content analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119881/relationships-among-exercise-capacity-dynamic-balance-and-gait-characteristics-of-nigerian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-an-indication-for-fall-prevention
#9
Taofeek O Awotidebe, Rita N Ativie, Kayode I Oke, Mukadas O Akindele, Rufus A Adedoyin, Mathew O B Olaogun, Temitope E Olubayode, Babatope A Kolawole
This study investigated the relationships among exercise capacity (EC), dynamic balance (DB), and gait characteristics (GCs) of patients with type-2 diabetes (T2D) and healthy controls (HCs). This observational controlled study involved 125 patients with T2D receiving treatment at a Nigerian university teaching hospital and 125 apparently healthy patients' relatives and hospital staff recruited as controls. EC maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) was estimated following a 6-min walk test. DB and GC were assessed using the Time Up to Go Test and an accelerometer (BTS G-Walk) assessing gait speed, step length, stride length, and cadence respectively during a self-selected walk...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119880/impact-of-long-term-high-intensity-interval-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-on-subclinical-inflammation-in-overweight-obese-adults
#10
José Gerosa-Neto, Barbara M M Antunes, Eduardo Z Campos, Jhennyfer Rodrigues, Gustavo D Ferrari, José C Rosa Neto, Carlos R Bueno, Fábio S Lira
Obesity is a risk factor able to trigger several inflammatory alterations and the imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine productions. Physical exercise is an important strategy for reduction of inflammatory established process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 16 weeks of three exercise training programs in the inflammatory profile and insulin resistance in overweight/obesity. Thirty two men and women (46.4±10.1 years; 162.0±9.1 cm; 82.0±13.6 kg) were divided into three groups for training on a treadmill: continuous at 70% maximum heart rate (HRmax) 5 times a week (CONT); 1×4 min (1-bout) and 4×4 min (high intensity interval training, HIIT) at 90% HRmax 3 times a week...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119879/influence-of-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-exercise-programs-on-idiopathic-scoliosis-patient-in-the-early-20s-in-terms-of-curves-and-balancing-abilities-single-case-study
#11
Byung-Ki Lee
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) exercise programs for idiopathic scoliosis with a female patient in the early 20s in terms of her spinal curve and balancing abilities. The study subject was selected among 21-year-old female college students. There were no particular activities that the subject could not perform, but patient complained of difficulty in maintaining the standing position for a prolonged time. Patient chest X-ray results showed S-shaped curves tilted towards the left or right in the lumbar spine, thoracic spine, and cervical spine areas...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119878/moderate-rest-intervals-are-superior-to-short-intervals-for-improving-pai-1-following-exhaustive-exercise-in-recreational-weightlifters
#12
Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Jose Gerosa-Neto, Tiego Aparecido Diniz, Ismael F Freitas, Fabio Santos Lira, Jason Michael Cholewa
This study investigated the influence of short and moderate recovery intervals on lipid profiles and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) following exhaustive strength exercise in recreational weightlifters. Seven subjects performed two conditions in a randomized order: short, 90% of one maximum repetition (1RM) and 30-sec rest allowed between sets; moderate, 90% of 1RM and 90-sec rest allowed between sets. Total cholesterol (Chol), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), triacylglycerol (TAG), Chol/HDL-c ratio and PAI-1 concentrations were assessed at baseline, immediately postexercise, and 15- and 30-min postexercise (post-15 and post-30)...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119877/effects-of-pilates-core-stability-exercises-on-the-balance-abilities-of-archers
#13
Jeong-Min Park, Gwang-Suk Hyun, Yong-Seok Jee
This study aimed to provide fundamental data contributing to archery performance improvement and stabilization of shooting posture in archers by examining the influence of Pilates core stability (PCS) exercises on dynamic and static balance. The study was conducted from December 2015 to March 2016 on high school archers who were registered as archers in the Korea Archery Association with 5 or more years of archery experience. Twenty voluntary subjects (exercise group n=10; control group n=10) with an understanding toward the aims of this study were selected and their body composition, static and dynamic balance abilities, before and after the PCS program, were measured...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119876/analysis-of-physical-fitness-and-technical-skills-of-youth-soccer-players-according-to-playing-position
#14
Chang Hwa Joo, Dong-Il Seo
The purpose of this study was to compare performance factors of youth soccer players according to position. A total of 101 high school soccer players were selected and were classified into goalkeeper (n=7), defense (n=37), midfield (n=39), and forward (n=18) positions. All subjects were subjected to the Wingate test for anaerobic capacity, shuttle run test for aerobic capacity, and pass, kick, dribble, and shooting tests for soccer skills. There was no significant difference in aerobic capacity according to position...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119875/effects-of-vojta-method-on-trunk-stability-in-healthy-individuals
#15
Sun-Young Ha, Yun-Hee Sung
Vojta reflex locomotion is important to main upright posture through stimulation of breast zone to patient with cerebral palsy. However, application in other diseases is no investigated. So, we determined the effects of stimulation of the breast zone on trunk stability in healthy individuals. Fourteen young healthy adults (7 males and 7 females) voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects were randomly divided into an experimental group (breast zone) and control group (arbitrary point). All groups were stimulated for 5 min on the left and right sides, respectively, for a total 10 times...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119874/performance-and-energy-systems-contributions-during-upper-body-sprint-interval-exercise
#16
Emerson Franchini, Monica Yuri Takito, Maria Augusta Peduti Dal'Molin Kiss
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the performance and energy systems contribution during four upper-body Wingate tests interspersed by 3-min intervals. Fourteen well-trained male adult Judo athletes voluntarily took part in the present study. These athletes were from state to national level, were in their competitive period, but not engaged in any weight loss procedure. Energy systems contributions were estimated using oxygen uptake and blood lactate measurements. The main results indicated that there was higher glycolytic contribution compared to oxidative (P<0...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119873/treadmill-exercise-ameliorates-symptoms-of-alzheimer-disease-through-suppressing-microglial-activation-induced-apoptosis-in-rats
#17
Seung-Soo Baek, Sang-Hoon Kim
Alzheimer disease (AD) is a most common form of dementia and eventually causes impairments of learning ability and memory function. In the present study, we investigated the effects of treadmill exercise on the symptoms of AD focusing on the microglial activation-induced apoptosis. AD was made by bilateral intracerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin. The rats in the exercise groups were made to run on a treadmill once a day for 30 min during 4 weeks. The distance and latency in the Morris water maze task and the latency in the step-down avoidance task were increased in the AD rats, in contrast, treadmill exercise shortened these parameters...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119872/comparison-of-the-behavioral-effects-of-exercise-and-high-fat-diet-on-cognitive-function-in-adolescent-rats
#18
Jae-Min Lee, Jong-Min Park, Min Kyung Song, Yoon Ju Kim, Youn-Jung Kim
Adolescence is a critical period for neurodevelopment, neuronal plasticity, and cognitive function. Experiences of adolescence can be exerted positive and negative effects on brain development. Physical exercise has a positive effect on brain function, which is characterized by improving memory function and increased neural plasticity. High fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity has a negative effect on brain function, which is characterized by insulin resistance and neuroinflammation and reduced microvessel constructure...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119871/why-is-digit-ratio-correlated-to-sports-performance
#19
REVIEW
Tae Beom Kim, Khae Hawn Kim
Second to fourth digit ratio is the ratio of second to fourth digit length. It has been known that digit ratio is sexually dimorphic in humans, such that males tend to have lower digit ratio (longer fourth digits relative to second digits) than females. Digit ratio is thought to be a biomarker of the balance between fetal testosterone (FT) and fetal estrogen (FE) in a relatively narrow developmental window at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy. On the contrary, the relationships between digit ratio and levels of sex steroids in adults are not clear...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119870/promotion-of-the-journal-of-exercise-rehabilitation-to-the-international-level-based-on-journal-metrics
#20
Sun Huh
The aim of this study was to use journal metrics to confirm that the Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation has been promoted to the international level after changing its language to English-only in April 2013. Journal metrics, including the number of articles per year, countries of authors, countries of the editorial board members, impact factor, total citations, and the Hirsch index, were counted or calculated based on the journal homepage and the Web of Science Core Collection in December 2016. The number of citable articles was 52, 62, 59, and 74 in 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016, respectively...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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