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Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering

M Gooniband Shooshtari, M R Deevband, M R Kardan, N Fathabadi, A A Salehi, K Naddafi, M Yunesian, R Nabizadeh Nodehi, M Karimi, S S Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Ramsar, a city of Iran located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, has been considered to be enormously important due to its high natural radioactivity levels. People living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) have been exposed by several sources, one of which could be foodstuff. However, many studies have been carried out to measure the environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, but no survey has been conducted in all stapled consumed foods yet. This study was dedicated to determine (226)Ra activity concentration in the daily diets of Ramsar residents as a probable exposure...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Talaeipour, J Nouri, A H Hassani, A H Mahvi
BACKGROUND: As an appropriate tool, membrane process is used for desalination of brackish water, in the production of drinking water. The present study aims to investigate desalination processes of brackish water of Qom Province in Iran. METHODS: This study was carried out at the central laboratory of Water and Wastewater Company of the studied area. To this aim, membrane processes, including nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO), separately and also their hybrid process were applied...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution, is one of the most frequently stated environmental problems. Many epidemiological studies have documented adverse health effects for ambient air pollution. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions. METHODS: In this ecological time series study data about air pollutant concentrations including CO, NO2, O3, PM2.5, PM10 and SO2 and, respiratory hospital admissions in the urban population of Arak, from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2015; were inquired, from the Arak Department of Environment, and two major hospitals, respectively...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Parya Broomandi, Bahram Dabir, Babak Bonakdarpour, Yousef Rashidi
BACKGROUND: Deserts are the main sources of emitted dust, and are highly responsive to wind erosion. Low content of soil moisture and lack of vegetation cover lead to fine particle's release. One of the semi-arid bare lands in Iran, located in the South-West of Iran in Khoozestan province, was selected to investigate Sand and Dust storm potential. METHODS: This paper focused on the metrological parameters of the sampling site, their changes and the relationship between these changes and dust storm occurrence, estimation of Reconaissance Drought Index, the Atterberg limits of soil samples and their relation with soil erosion ability, the chemical composition, size distribution of soil and airborne dust samples, and estimation of vertical mass flux by COMSALT through considering the effect of saffman force and interparticle cohesion forces during warm period (April-September) in 2010...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Reza Ahmadkhaniha, Ramin Nabizadeh Nodehi, Noushin Rastkari, Hassan Mohammadi Aghamirloo
BACKGROUND: To date, despite the facts that pasteurized milk is the most consumed dairy product in Iran and its consumption has increased almost two fold during the last 10 years, no data are available concerning the concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in commercial cow milk in Iran market. METHODS: This study designed to determine the levels of PCBs in these products and to assess population exposure to PCBs by estimating the daily intakes. Pasteurized cows' milk samples (10 brands) were collected from local markets at two different seasons and analyzed using sensitive and reliable methods...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Alireza Asgari, Tahereh Ghorbanian, Nader Yousefi, Dariush Dadashzadeh, Fatemeh Khalili, Amin Bagheri, Mehdi Raei, Amir Hossein Mahvi
BACKGROUND: In recent years the generation rate of construction and demolition waste (C&D) has significantly augmented. The aim of this study was to assessed the quality and quantity of construction and demolition waste in Tehran (capital of Iran). METHODS: Questionnaire methods were used for estimating the amount of generated C&D wastes national statistical data and typical waste generation data. In order to defining the composition of C&D waste, trucks were randomly selected and their wastes were separated and weighted...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Alireza Asgari, Ramin Nabizadeh, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Simin Nasseri, Mohammad Hadi Dehghani, Shahrokh Nazmara, Kamyar Yaghmaeian
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40201-017-0267-1.].
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
S Eskandary, A Tahmourespour, M Hoodaji, A Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Biological methods of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) contamination elimination typically involve the transformation of contaminants to non-toxic materials by microorganisms and plants and appear to be the most effective methods available. METHODS: In this study, Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus mojavensis isolated from oil-contaminated soils were inoculated onto Festuca arundinacea seeds before planting in the pot and 3 weeks after planting by syringe injection into the rhizospheric zone in order to study the elimination of PAHs from Festuca's rhizosphere in the greenhouse...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Ali Asghar Najafpoor, Mojtaba Davoudi, Elham Rahmanpour Salmani
BACKGROUND: Annually, large quantities of dyes are produced and consumed in different industries. The discharge of highly colored textile effluents to the aquatic environments causes serious health problems in living organisms. This paper investigates the performance of each of the electro-oxidation and electro-reduction pathways in the removal of reactive red 120 (RR120) from synthetic textile effluents using a novel electrochemical reactor. METHODS: In the current study, a two-compartment reactor divided by cellulosic separator was applied in batch mode using graphite anodes and stainless steel cathodes...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Zaim Morteza, Seyed Behzad Mousavi, Mohammad Ali Baghestani, Antero Aitio
BACKGROUND: This is the first published assessment on agricultural pesticide use in Iran with the aim to identify pesticide products with a potential of causing acute or chronic hazard to human health. It also establishes a baseline for future comparisons and for trend assessments. METHODS: The amounts of imported technical materials for formulation by local manufacturers as well as imported final product formulations were extracted from the registration data of the Plant Protection Organization of Iran in 2012-2014...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Maryam Ziaabadi, Mohammad Malakootian, Mohammad Reza Zare Mehrjerdi, Seied Abdolmajid Jalaee, Hosein Mehrabi Boshrabadi
BACKGROUND: The tourism industry which is one of the most dynamic economic activities in today's world plays a significant role in the sustainable development. Therefore, in addition to paying attention to tourism, sustainable tourism must be taken into huge account; otherwise, the environment and its health will be damaged irreparably. METHODS: To determine the level of sustainability in this study, indicators of sustainable tourism were first presented in three environmental health, economic and social aspects...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Maryam Mohammadi-Sichani, M Mazaheri Assadi, A Farazmand, M Kianirad, A M Ahadi, H Hadian Ghahderijani
BACKGROUND: One of the most important environmental problems is the decontamination of petroleum hydrocarbons polluted soil, particularly in the oil-rich country. Bioremediation is the most effective way to remove these pollutants in the soil. Spent mushroom compost has great ability to decompose lignin-like pollution. The purpose of this study was the bioremediation of soil contaminated with crude oil by an Agaricomycetes. METHODS: Soil sample amended with spent mushroom compost into 3%, 5% and 10% (w/w) with or without fertilizer...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Narges Shamsedini, Mansooreh Dehghani, Simin Nasseri, Mohammad Ali Baghapour
BACKGROUND: Atrazine is a herbicide that is widely used to control broadleaf and grassy weeds for growing many crops especially in maize production. It is a frequently detected herbicide in many groundwater resources. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of using ultraviolet radiation UV and fortified nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (TiO2) doped with trivalent iron to remove atrazine from aqueous phase and determin the removal efficiency under the optimal conditions. RESULTS: The results of this study demonstrated that the maximum atrazine removal rate was at pH = 11 in the presence of Fe(+ 3)-TiO2 catalyst =25 mg/L and the initial concentration of atrazine equal to 10 mg/L...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Vahid Noroozi Karbasdehi, Sina Dobaradaran, Iraj Nabipour, Afshin Ostovar, Hossein Arfaeinia, Amir Vazirizadeh, Roghayeh Mirahmadi, Mozhgan Keshtkar, Fatemeh Faraji Ghasemi, Farzaneh Khalifei
BACKGROUND: The aim of present work was to assess the concentration levels as well as vertical distribution of indicator bacteria including total coliform, fecal coliform, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Heterotrophic Plate Count (HPC) in the marine environment (seawater and coastal sediments) and evaluate the correlation between indicator bacteria and some physicochemical parameters of surface sediments as well as seawaters. METHODS: A total number of 48 seawater and sediment samples were taken from 8 stations (each site 6 times with an interval time of 2 weeks) between June and September 2014...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
A I Amouei, Z Yousefi, T Khosravi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the potential of produced compost from the sludge of wastewater treatment plant using earthworms and compare it with the vermicompost produced from household solid waste. METHODS: In the current study, three treatments with the same conditions in terms of organic wastes type were prepared to produce vermicompost from household solid waste and sewage sludges using earthworms. The standard methods were used to determine the physical and chemical parameters in the different produced vermicomposts...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Maryam Sarkhosh, AliAkbar Shamsipour, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Ramin Nabizadeh, Kazem Naddafi, Seyed Mohsen Mohseni
BACKGROUND: The waste transfer stations (WTSs) is one of the most important factors affecting on environment and human health. This research is aimed to evaluate health risk of VOCs among WTS personnel and provide a model for dispersion of VOCs. The Air Pollution Model (TAPM) is able to simulate WTS emissions dispersion over each town. RESULT: GC-MS was used to analysis collected gas samples to detect and estimate carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic VOCs health risks...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Alireza Asgari, Ramin Nabizadeh, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Simin Nasseri, Mohammad Hadi Dehghani, Shahrokh Nazmara, Kamyar Yaghmaeian
BACKGROUND: In Iran, re-refinery industry has been developed many years ago based on the acid-clay treatment. Acidic sludge with high concentration of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) is the final products of some facilities. In this study removal of TPH by aerated in-vessel composting was investigated. METHODS: In order to microorganisms seeding and nutrient providing, urban immature compost was added as an amendment to acidic sludge. The ratios of acidic sludge (AS) to compost were, 1:0 (as control), 1:5, 1:8, 1:10, 1:15, 1:20, 1:30, 1:40, 1:50, 1:75 and 1:100 (as dry basis) at a C: N: P ratio of 100:5:1 and 45-65% moisture content for 70 days...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Zohre Farahmandkia, Faramarz Moattar, Farid Zayeri, Mohamad Sadegh Sekhavatjou, Nabiollah Mansouri
BACKGROUND: The positive matrix factorization is a powerful environmental analysis technique which has been successfully utilized to assess air-born particulate matter source contribution. The new version of this model (PMF5) has two additional estimation error methods and some other useful advantages compared to the previous versions. In the present study, the capability of PMF5 for identification and contribution of small size particle source to the ambient particulate matter was evaluated...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mehdi Asghari, Parvin Nassiri, Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Farideh Golbabaei, Hossein Arabalibeik, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Armin Allahverdy
BACKGROUND: Heat stress as a physical harmful agent can increase the risk of health and safety problems in different workplaces such as mining. Although there are different indices to assess the heat stress imposed on workers, choosing the best index for a specific workplace is so important. Since various criteria affect an index applicability, extracting the most effective ones and determining their weights help to prioritize the existing indices and select the optimal index. METHODS: In order to achieve this aim, present study compared some heat stress indices using effective methods...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
S Ahmad Mokhtari, Mehdi Farzadkia, Ali Esrafili, Roshanak Rezaei Kalantari, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Majid Kermani, Mitra Gholami
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A is a high production volume chemical widely used in manufacturing polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins used in many industries. Due to its adverse effects on human health as an endocrine disruptor and many other effects on the various organs of the human body as well as aquatic organisms, it should be removed from the aquatic environments. This study aimed to mineralisation of BPA from aquatic environments by application of novel UV/SPS/H2O2/Cu system and optimization and modelling of its removal using central composite design (CCD) from response surface methodology (RSM)...
2016: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
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