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Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering

Mohammad Gheibi, Mohsen Karrabi, Mahyar Shakerian, Mehrdad Mirahmadi
Background: Through a new systematic perspective, the HSE-integrated management system attempts to examine the relationships between safety, health and environment. The purpose of this system is to provide a coordinated, comprehensive and precautionary assessment of the issues and incidents within concrete plants. Methods: In addition to a life cycle assessment (LCA) of concrete through air pollutant emissions in this study, the extraction and monitoring of pollutant from three concrete plants in the city of Mashhad are carried out via fieldwork...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Nazhmetdinova Aiman, Sarmanbetova Gulnaz, Magai Alena
Background: Environmental pollution is a problem in the most industrial cities, including Almaty. These cities are frequently overpopulated and hazardous industrial facilities often have a negative impact on public health. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of pollution in Almaty city and assess possible impact on a human by comparing obtained results with sanitary and hygienic standards. (Hygienic standards (HS) AAC of chemical substances in soil Russia)...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Isham Alzoubi, Mahmoud R Delavar, Farhad Mirzaei, Babak Nadjar Arrabi
Background: Land leveling is one of the most important steps in soil preparation and cultivation. Although land leveling with machines require considerable amount of energy, it delivers a suitable surface slope with minimal deterioration of the soil and damage to plants and other organisms in the soil. Notwithstanding, researchers during recent years have tried to reduce fossil fuel consumption and its deleterious side effects. The aim of this work was to determine best linear model using artificial neural network (ANN), imperialist competitive algorithm and ANN and regression and adaptive neural fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) in order to predict the environmental indicators for land leveling...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Amir Payan, Moslem Fattahi, Behrooz Roozbehani
Background: The aim of present work, was to synthesize the titanium nanoparticles (TNPs) and titanium nanotubes (TNTs) through the hydrothermal method with different precursors including the Titanium(IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) and Titanium(IV) bis(ammonium lactato)dihydroxide (TALH). Methods: TiO2 nanostructures from different titania precursors as heterogeneous photocatalysis via hydrothermal method were synthesized. The as-prepared photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra, surface area measurements, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Asghar Ebadifar, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Katayoun Falahat
Background: Knowledge production in environmental health promotion is one of the most important goals at the national level and establishing environmental health research centers (EHRCs) is one of the main strategies that will lead to achieving this goal. In this study, we are going to present the results of knowledge production and research performance evaluation of EHRCs in Iran. Methods: In this cross sectional study, a specific check list has been used to assess Knowledge production and utilization through annual evaluations undertaken by research centers in Iran...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Noushin Rastkari, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Masud Yunesian, Reza Ahmadkhaniha
Background: Acidic juices such as lemon juice, vinegar and Verjuice are popular beverages regularly consumed by both children and adults. Various brands of different acidic juices in Iran markets are packaged in disposable plastic bottles. Some evidence suggests that phthalates may immigrate from plastic bottles. Methods: In this research the influence of sunlight, type of container and storage time on the leaching of phthalates from packaging materials into selected juices was investigated, by analyzing the samples kept in different conditions, before and throughout 2, 4 and 6 months storage time...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Jun-Gyu Park, Beom Lee, Sang-Yeol Jo, Jun-Sang Lee, Hang-Bae Jun
Background: Volatile fatty acids (VFA) often accumulate in anaerobic digestion systems, decreasing pH levels and causing unstable operational performance and poor biogas production. The aim of this study is to improve anaerobic digestion efficiency by controlling/reducing the accumulation of VFAs in a continuous anaerobic digestion system. Methods: NO3 - -N was added to the digester and its effects on VFAs were investigated. When the system reached an unstable condition with the accumulation of VFAs, the digester was fed at an organic loading rate of 6 kg COD (chemical oxygen demand)/m3 ∙d and 0...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Zohreh Kheradpisheh, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Masoud Mirzaei, Mehdi Mokhtari, Reyhane Azizi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush
Background: Artificial neural networks (ANNs) and adaptive neural-fuzzy Inference system (ANFIS) are the best solutions to finding the correlation between some water parameters and human hormones. The correlation between thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and drinking water fluoride studied by ANNS and ANFIS models in Yazd city. Method: In this study, eighty people with thyroid gland disorder and 213 healthy people invited. Their thyroid hormones and fluoride drinking water analyzed...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mustafa Ece, İsmail Tosun, Kamil Ekinci, Nazlı S Yalçindağ
Background: Road traffic noise influencing directly public health in the modern cities is a growing problem in both developing and developed countries. The objective of this study was to model traffic-induced noise in Antalya province, validate the model with noise emission data, and to run the model for the noise preventive scenarios. Methods: In this study, modeling of traffic-induced noise was performed using SoundPLAN® software at Gazi Boulevard in the city of Antalya...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Jamshid Salamzadeh, Attaollah Shakoori, Vahideh Moradi
Background: Pesticides are a reason for popular concern due to their possible unfavorable results on human safety. Most pesticide residues are present in food owing to the direct application of a pesticide to a crop. The aims of this study were; development a multiresidue method for analysis of 81 pesticides in tomato using GC/MS, and detection and quantitation of the studied pesticides in tomato samples gathered from various stores of Iran. Methods: The pesticides were assessed concurrently in a single run applying GC/MS after extraction with QuEChERS method...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mohammad Ali Zazouli, Laleh R Kalankesh
Disinfection by-products (DBPs) have heterogeneous structures which are suspected carcinogens as a result of reactions between NOMs (Natural Organic Matter) and oxidants/disinfectants such as chlorine. Because of variability in DBPs characteristics, eliminate completely from drinking water by single technique is impossible. The current article reviews removal of the precursors and DBPs by different membrane filtration methods such as Microfiltration (MF), Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) techniques...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat, Masoud Hemehrezaee, Farahnaz Khajehnasiri
Background: Thermal component of the atmospheric environment is an important issue which is related to human's health. Thermal environment includes both heat exchange conditions (stress) and the physiological response (strain). The aim of this study was to measure the association of heat indices (PSI, HSI, Humidex) especially subjective one (STI) with some physiological parameters (Blood pressure, pulse rate and skin temperature). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 387 male farmers on Boukan, West Azerbaijan, Iran in 2016...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Elham Kazemi, Hamid Karyab, Mohammad-Mehdi Emamjome
Background: The presence of nitrate is one of the factors limiting the quality of groundwater resources, particularly in arid and semi-arid climates. Therefore, the knowledge about the distribution of nitrate in groundwater and its source has an effective role in protecting health. The study aimed to optimize an interpolation method to predict the nitrate concentration and assessment of aquifer vulnerability in Qazvin plain. Methods: One hundred sixty-two deep wells in Qazvin plain aquifer were randomly selected and nitrate concentration was analyzed in four different lands including agricultural, residential, steppe and mixed-use areas...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mehdi Ahmadi, Neamat Jaafarzadeh, Zeinab Ghaed Rahmat, Ali Akbar Babaei, Nadali Alavi, Zeinab Baboli, Mehdi Vosoughi Niri
Background: Phenols are chemical compounds which are included in the high priority of pollutants by environmental protection agency (USEPA). The presence of high concentrations of phenols in wastewaters like oil refineries, petrochemical plants, olive oil, pesticide production and oil field operations contain high soluble solids (TDS) and in an olive oil plant, wastewater is acidic, high salty and phenol concentrations are in the range of 0.1- 1%. Methods: Kinetic parameters were calculated according to Monod, Modified Stover- Kincannon, Hamoda and Haldane models...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Roya Mirzaei, Masoud Yunesian, Simin Nasseri, Mitra Gholami, Esfandiyar Jalilzadeh, Shahram Shoeibi, Hooshang Shafieyan Bidshahi, Alireza Mesdaghinia
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic residues are being constantly identified in environmental waters at low concentration. Growing concern has been expressed over the adverse environmental and human health effects even at low concentration. Hence, it is crucial to develop a multi-residues analytical method for antibiotics to generate a considerable dataset which are necessary in the assessment of aquatic toxicity of environmental waters for aquatic organisms and human health. This work aimed to develop a reliable and sensitive multi-residue method based on high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-MS)...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Fatemeh Momeniha, Sasan Faridi, Heresh Amini, Mansour Shamsipour, Kazem Naddafi, Masud Yunesian, Sadegh Niazi, Kimiya Gohari, Farshad Farzadfar, Ramin Nabizadeh, Adel Mokammel, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Homa Kashani, Simin Nasseri, Akbar Gholampour, Reza Saeedi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand
BACKGROUND: Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are highly toxic persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which can cause various health outcomes, such as cancer. As a part of the National and Sub-national Burden of Disease Study (NASBOD), we aimed to estimate dioxins and furans national emissions, identify their main sources, estimate daily intake doses, and assess their trend from 1990-2010 in Iran. METHODS: The Toolkit for Identification and Quantification of Releases of Dioxins, Furans and Other Unintentional POPs, which is developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP 2013), was used to estimate the emissions of PCDD/PCDFs from several sources into the air, water, land, residue, and other products...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Gooniband Shooshtari, M R Deevband, M R Kardan, N Fathabadi, A A Salehi, K Naddafi, M Yunesian, R Nabizadeh Nodehi, M Karimi, S S Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Ramsar, a city of Iran located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, has been considered to be enormously important due to its high natural radioactivity levels. People living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) have been exposed by several sources, one of which could be foodstuff. However, many studies have been carried out to measure the environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, but no survey has been conducted in all stapled consumed foods yet. This study was dedicated to determine (226)Ra activity concentration in the daily diets of Ramsar residents as a probable exposure...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Talaeipour, J Nouri, A H Hassani, A H Mahvi
BACKGROUND: As an appropriate tool, membrane process is used for desalination of brackish water, in the production of drinking water. The present study aims to investigate desalination processes of brackish water of Qom Province in Iran. METHODS: This study was carried out at the central laboratory of Water and Wastewater Company of the studied area. To this aim, membrane processes, including nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO), separately and also their hybrid process were applied...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution, is one of the most frequently stated environmental problems. Many epidemiological studies have documented adverse health effects for ambient air pollution. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions. METHODS: In this ecological time series study data about air pollutant concentrations including CO, NO2, O3, PM2.5, PM10 and SO2 and, respiratory hospital admissions in the urban population of Arak, from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2015; were inquired, from the Arak Department of Environment, and two major hospitals, respectively...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Parya Broomandi, Bahram Dabir, Babak Bonakdarpour, Yousef Rashidi
BACKGROUND: Deserts are the main sources of emitted dust, and are highly responsive to wind erosion. Low content of soil moisture and lack of vegetation cover lead to fine particle's release. One of the semi-arid bare lands in Iran, located in the South-West of Iran in Khoozestan province, was selected to investigate Sand and Dust storm potential. METHODS: This paper focused on the metrological parameters of the sampling site, their changes and the relationship between these changes and dust storm occurrence, estimation of Reconaissance Drought Index, the Atterberg limits of soil samples and their relation with soil erosion ability, the chemical composition, size distribution of soil and airborne dust samples, and estimation of vertical mass flux by COMSALT through considering the effect of saffman force and interparticle cohesion forces during warm period (April-September) in 2010...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
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