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Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering

Jamshid Salamzadeh, Attaollah Shakoori, Vahideh Moradi
Background: Pesticides are a reason for popular concern due to their possible unfavorable results on human safety. Most pesticide residues are present in food owing to the direct application of a pesticide to a crop. The aims of this study were; development a multiresidue method for analysis of 81 pesticides in tomato using GC/MS, and detection and quantitation of the studied pesticides in tomato samples gathered from various stores of Iran. Methods: The pesticides were assessed concurrently in a single run applying GC/MS after extraction with QuEChERS method...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mohammad Ali Zazouli, Laleh R Kalankesh
Disinfection by-products (DBPs) have heterogeneous structures which are suspected carcinogens as a result of reactions between NOMs (Natural Organic Matter) and oxidants/disinfectants such as chlorine. Because of variability in DBPs characteristics, eliminate completely from drinking water by single technique is impossible. The current article reviews removal of the precursors and DBPs by different membrane filtration methods such as Microfiltration (MF), Ultrafiltration (UF), Nanofiltration (NF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) techniques...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat, Masoud Hemehrezaee, Farahnaz Khajehnasiri
Background: Thermal component of the atmospheric environment is an important issue which is related to human's health. Thermal environment includes both heat exchange conditions (stress) and the physiological response (strain). The aim of this study was to measure the association of heat indices (PSI, HSI, Humidex) especially subjective one (STI) with some physiological parameters (Blood pressure, pulse rate and skin temperature). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on 387 male farmers on Boukan, West Azerbaijan, Iran in 2016...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Elham Kazemi, Hamid Karyab, Mohammad-Mehdi Emamjome
Background: The presence of nitrate is one of the factors limiting the quality of groundwater resources, particularly in arid and semi-arid climates. Therefore, the knowledge about the distribution of nitrate in groundwater and its source has an effective role in protecting health. The study aimed to optimize an interpolation method to predict the nitrate concentration and assessment of aquifer vulnerability in Qazvin plain. Methods: One hundred sixty-two deep wells in Qazvin plain aquifer were randomly selected and nitrate concentration was analyzed in four different lands including agricultural, residential, steppe and mixed-use areas...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mehdi Ahmadi, Neamat Jaafarzadeh, Zeinab Ghaed Rahmat, Ali Akbar Babaei, Nadali Alavi, Zeinab Baboli, Mehdi Vosoughi Niri
Background: Phenols are chemical compounds which are included in the high priority of pollutants by environmental protection agency (USEPA). The presence of high concentrations of phenols in wastewaters like oil refineries, petrochemical plants, olive oil, pesticide production and oil field operations contain high soluble solids (TDS) and in an olive oil plant, wastewater is acidic, high salty and phenol concentrations are in the range of 0.1- 1%. Methods: Kinetic parameters were calculated according to Monod, Modified Stover- Kincannon, Hamoda and Haldane models...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Roya Mirzaei, Masoud Yunesian, Simin Nasseri, Mitra Gholami, Esfandiyar Jalilzadeh, Shahram Shoeibi, Hooshang Shafieyan Bidshahi, Alireza Mesdaghinia
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic residues are being constantly identified in environmental waters at low concentration. Growing concern has been expressed over the adverse environmental and human health effects even at low concentration. Hence, it is crucial to develop a multi-residues analytical method for antibiotics to generate a considerable dataset which are necessary in the assessment of aquatic toxicity of environmental waters for aquatic organisms and human health. This work aimed to develop a reliable and sensitive multi-residue method based on high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS-MS)...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Fatemeh Momeniha, Sasan Faridi, Heresh Amini, Mansour Shamsipour, Kazem Naddafi, Masud Yunesian, Sadegh Niazi, Kimiya Gohari, Farshad Farzadfar, Ramin Nabizadeh, Adel Mokammel, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Homa Kashani, Simin Nasseri, Akbar Gholampour, Reza Saeedi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand
BACKGROUND: Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are highly toxic persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which can cause various health outcomes, such as cancer. As a part of the National and Sub-national Burden of Disease Study (NASBOD), we aimed to estimate dioxins and furans national emissions, identify their main sources, estimate daily intake doses, and assess their trend from 1990-2010 in Iran. METHODS: The Toolkit for Identification and Quantification of Releases of Dioxins, Furans and Other Unintentional POPs, which is developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP 2013), was used to estimate the emissions of PCDD/PCDFs from several sources into the air, water, land, residue, and other products...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Gooniband Shooshtari, M R Deevband, M R Kardan, N Fathabadi, A A Salehi, K Naddafi, M Yunesian, R Nabizadeh Nodehi, M Karimi, S S Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Ramsar, a city of Iran located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, has been considered to be enormously important due to its high natural radioactivity levels. People living in High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) have been exposed by several sources, one of which could be foodstuff. However, many studies have been carried out to measure the environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, but no survey has been conducted in all stapled consumed foods yet. This study was dedicated to determine (226)Ra activity concentration in the daily diets of Ramsar residents as a probable exposure...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Talaeipour, J Nouri, A H Hassani, A H Mahvi
BACKGROUND: As an appropriate tool, membrane process is used for desalination of brackish water, in the production of drinking water. The present study aims to investigate desalination processes of brackish water of Qom Province in Iran. METHODS: This study was carried out at the central laboratory of Water and Wastewater Company of the studied area. To this aim, membrane processes, including nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO), separately and also their hybrid process were applied...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Mostafa Vahedian, Narges Khanjani, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Ali Koolivand
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution, is one of the most frequently stated environmental problems. Many epidemiological studies have documented adverse health effects for ambient air pollution. This study aimed to investigate the association between ambient air pollution and respiratory hospital admissions. METHODS: In this ecological time series study data about air pollutant concentrations including CO, NO2, O3, PM2.5, PM10 and SO2 and, respiratory hospital admissions in the urban population of Arak, from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2015; were inquired, from the Arak Department of Environment, and two major hospitals, respectively...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Parya Broomandi, Bahram Dabir, Babak Bonakdarpour, Yousef Rashidi
BACKGROUND: Deserts are the main sources of emitted dust, and are highly responsive to wind erosion. Low content of soil moisture and lack of vegetation cover lead to fine particle's release. One of the semi-arid bare lands in Iran, located in the South-West of Iran in Khoozestan province, was selected to investigate Sand and Dust storm potential. METHODS: This paper focused on the metrological parameters of the sampling site, their changes and the relationship between these changes and dust storm occurrence, estimation of Reconaissance Drought Index, the Atterberg limits of soil samples and their relation with soil erosion ability, the chemical composition, size distribution of soil and airborne dust samples, and estimation of vertical mass flux by COMSALT through considering the effect of saffman force and interparticle cohesion forces during warm period (April-September) in 2010...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Reza Ahmadkhaniha, Ramin Nabizadeh Nodehi, Noushin Rastkari, Hassan Mohammadi Aghamirloo
BACKGROUND: To date, despite the facts that pasteurized milk is the most consumed dairy product in Iran and its consumption has increased almost two fold during the last 10 years, no data are available concerning the concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in commercial cow milk in Iran market. METHODS: This study designed to determine the levels of PCBs in these products and to assess population exposure to PCBs by estimating the daily intakes. Pasteurized cows' milk samples (10 brands) were collected from local markets at two different seasons and analyzed using sensitive and reliable methods...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Alireza Asgari, Tahereh Ghorbanian, Nader Yousefi, Dariush Dadashzadeh, Fatemeh Khalili, Amin Bagheri, Mehdi Raei, Amir Hossein Mahvi
BACKGROUND: In recent years the generation rate of construction and demolition waste (C&D) has significantly augmented. The aim of this study was to assessed the quality and quantity of construction and demolition waste in Tehran (capital of Iran). METHODS: Questionnaire methods were used for estimating the amount of generated C&D wastes national statistical data and typical waste generation data. In order to defining the composition of C&D waste, trucks were randomly selected and their wastes were separated and weighted...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Alireza Asgari, Ramin Nabizadeh, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Simin Nasseri, Mohammad Hadi Dehghani, Shahrokh Nazmara, Kamyar Yaghmaeian
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40201-017-0267-1.].
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
S Eskandary, A Tahmourespour, M Hoodaji, A Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Biological methods of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) contamination elimination typically involve the transformation of contaminants to non-toxic materials by microorganisms and plants and appear to be the most effective methods available. METHODS: In this study, Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus mojavensis isolated from oil-contaminated soils were inoculated onto Festuca arundinacea seeds before planting in the pot and 3 weeks after planting by syringe injection into the rhizospheric zone in order to study the elimination of PAHs from Festuca's rhizosphere in the greenhouse...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Ali Asghar Najafpoor, Mojtaba Davoudi, Elham Rahmanpour Salmani
BACKGROUND: Annually, large quantities of dyes are produced and consumed in different industries. The discharge of highly colored textile effluents to the aquatic environments causes serious health problems in living organisms. This paper investigates the performance of each of the electro-oxidation and electro-reduction pathways in the removal of reactive red 120 (RR120) from synthetic textile effluents using a novel electrochemical reactor. METHODS: In the current study, a two-compartment reactor divided by cellulosic separator was applied in batch mode using graphite anodes and stainless steel cathodes...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Zaim Morteza, Seyed Behzad Mousavi, Mohammad Ali Baghestani, Antero Aitio
BACKGROUND: This is the first published assessment on agricultural pesticide use in Iran with the aim to identify pesticide products with a potential of causing acute or chronic hazard to human health. It also establishes a baseline for future comparisons and for trend assessments. METHODS: The amounts of imported technical materials for formulation by local manufacturers as well as imported final product formulations were extracted from the registration data of the Plant Protection Organization of Iran in 2012-2014...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Maryam Ziaabadi, Mohammad Malakootian, Mohammad Reza Zare Mehrjerdi, Seied Abdolmajid Jalaee, Hosein Mehrabi Boshrabadi
BACKGROUND: The tourism industry which is one of the most dynamic economic activities in today's world plays a significant role in the sustainable development. Therefore, in addition to paying attention to tourism, sustainable tourism must be taken into huge account; otherwise, the environment and its health will be damaged irreparably. METHODS: To determine the level of sustainability in this study, indicators of sustainable tourism were first presented in three environmental health, economic and social aspects...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
M Maryam Mohammadi-Sichani, M Mazaheri Assadi, A Farazmand, M Kianirad, A M Ahadi, H Hadian Ghahderijani
BACKGROUND: One of the most important environmental problems is the decontamination of petroleum hydrocarbons polluted soil, particularly in the oil-rich country. Bioremediation is the most effective way to remove these pollutants in the soil. Spent mushroom compost has great ability to decompose lignin-like pollution. The purpose of this study was the bioremediation of soil contaminated with crude oil by an Agaricomycetes. METHODS: Soil sample amended with spent mushroom compost into 3%, 5% and 10% (w/w) with or without fertilizer...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
Narges Shamsedini, Mansooreh Dehghani, Simin Nasseri, Mohammad Ali Baghapour
BACKGROUND: Atrazine is a herbicide that is widely used to control broadleaf and grassy weeds for growing many crops especially in maize production. It is a frequently detected herbicide in many groundwater resources. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of using ultraviolet radiation UV and fortified nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (TiO2) doped with trivalent iron to remove atrazine from aqueous phase and determin the removal efficiency under the optimal conditions. RESULTS: The results of this study demonstrated that the maximum atrazine removal rate was at pH = 11 in the presence of Fe(+ 3)-TiO2 catalyst =25 mg/L and the initial concentration of atrazine equal to 10 mg/L...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
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