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Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat

Issam Saliba, Valérie Sabbah, Jackie Bibeau Poirier
Objective: To compare audiometric results between the standard total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP-S) and a new fat interposition total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP-F) in pediatric and adult patients and to assess the complication and the undesirable outcome. Study design: This is a retrospective study. Methods: This study included 104 patients who had undergone titanium implants with TORP-F and 54 patients who had undergone the procedure with TORP-S between 2008 and 2013 in our tertiary care centers...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Pegah Saddat Hosseini, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Saeideh Moayedfar, Marzieh Golabbakhsh, Fatemeh Abnavi
Background: During speech, larynx is higher in the neck for high-pitched sounds and lower for low-pitched sounds. Patients with different problems in cervical and cervicothoracic spine use cervical orthosis to limit cervical motion. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Minerva orthosis on larynx height in young, healthy volunteers. Subjects and methods: This study included 18 subjects. Acoustic measurement of frequency variability has been assessed in 3 brace conditions: (1) without brace, (2) with brace, and (3) 30 minutes after wearing the brace...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Kenneth Rodriguez, Benjamin Gaston, Jay Wasman, Nadzeya Marozkina
Nasal nitric oxide (nNO) measurement is a diagnostic test for primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Here, we have shown the development of unilateral PCD-like symptoms associated with low nNO. A 60-year-old man had been previously healthy but developed unilateral, severe pansinusitis. He required surgical drainage of all left sinuses, and biopsies showed loss of the ciliated epithelium. At 4 weeks, he had unilateral (left-sided), profuse, clear rhinorrhea characteristic of PCD, and his surgical ostia were all patent endoscopically...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Omar Viswanath, Deanna C Menapace, Don B Headley
Thyroid storm is a rare, potentially lethal condition involving collapse of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid feedback loop. Thyroid storm carries a significant mortality rate, thus requiring prompt identification and treatment. A 47-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of palpitations, shortness of breath, and emesis for 24 hours after using methamphetamine. Past medical history was significant for untreated hyperthyroidism. Physical examination revealed a prominent, palpable thyroid...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Annett Szibor, Topi Jutila, Antti Mäkitie, Antti Aarnisalo
Objectives: The frequency of tinnitus in children and adults is practically the same. However, although adults reveal their symptoms and seek for medical aid, the suffering often remains unrecognized in the young. This is due to both the inability of children to properly describe their symptoms and the lack of recognition. Materials and methods: Among 5768 patients entering our department with complaints of tinnitus between 2010 and 2015, there were only 112 children...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Yu Hosokawa, Akihito Kuboki, Aya Mori, Hiroaki Kanaya, Tsuguhisa Nakayama, Shinichi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is a rare disease of unknown cause characterized by the triad of yellow nails, respiratory manifestations, and lymphedema. Although several therapies for YNS have been reported, there is no common consensus in the treatment. In this case report, we present a case of 56-year-old woman with YNS, whose nail manifestation was dramatically improved after endoscopic sinus surgery for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. METHODS: Endoscopic sinus surgery involving middle meatal antrostomy was performed for the case of YNS with chronic rhinosinusitis and bronchiectasis resistant to antibacterial drugs...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
YaLi Liu, Huaian Yang, Xiangguo Cui
Eagle syndrome is characterized by recurrent pain in the oropharynx and face due to an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. In this article, we experienced a case of an elongated styloid process which is very rare in size and detailed treatment process. The patient was a 53-year-old Chinese woman with a chief complaint of frequent episodes of radiating pain in left preauricular region for 2 years. An intraoral approach was chosen to shorten part of her styloid process, and the chief complaint disappeared immediately after the operation...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Dale Butler, Sarah Oltmann
Thyroidectomy is a common surgical procedure. Traditionally, surgeons have performed thyroidectomy on an inpatient basis. However, consistent with current trends in surgery, some practices are transitioning thyroidectomy to an outpatient setting. Although concerns for hypocalcemia and postoperative bleeding exist regardless of surgeon experience, multiple studies demonstrate that outpatient thyroidectomy is safe in the hands of high-volume surgeons. Indeed, experienced thyroid surgeons who perform thyroidectomy in an outpatient setting experience excellent patient outcomes and reduced costs...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Arielle Rubin, John Davis, Karim Jreije, Henry Wu, Randy Oppenheimer
There is a steady rise in incidence of malignant salivary gland tumors in the United States, with mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) the most frequent. Although 40% of MECs are found in the parotid gland, these lesions possess the capacity to develop anywhere along the aerodigestive tract. Here, we present a case of recurrent tongue MEC in a young adult female patient with history of lung malignancy and multiple brain metastases. Without a universally accepted management protocol for recurrent MECs, the current clinical practice uses tumor grade, location, and clinical progression to determine both prognosis and goals of care...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Teresa Franco, Serena Trapasso, Lidia Puzzo, Eugenia Allegra
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke has been identified as the main cause of oral cavity carcinoma. Recently, the electronic cigarette, a battery-operated device, was developed to help smokers stop their tobacco addiction. This study aimed to evaluate the safety of electronic cigarettes and to establish the possible role of such device in the primary prevention of oral cavity cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study included 65 subjects who were divided into three groups (smokers, e-cigarette smokers, and nonsmokers)...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Maria K Peltola, Joel S Lehikoinen, Lauri T Sippola, Kauko Saarilahti, Antti A Mäkitie
INTRODUCTION: The patient's role in toxicity reporting is increasingly acknowledged. There is also a need for developing modern communication methods between the patient and the medical personnel. Furthermore, the increasing number of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients is reflected in the volume of treatment follow-up visits, which remains a challenge for the health care. Electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) measures may provide a cost-efficient way to organize follow-up for cancer patients...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Cinzia L Marchica, Issam Saliba
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether measurement of the prosthesis length is mandatory in patients requiring otosclerosis surgeries and to assess their postoperative audiometric outcomes. In addition, evaluation of prosthesis length used in revision compared to primary stapedectomy was carried out. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. METHODS: Chart review of 393 patients undergoing primary (321) versus revision stapedectomy (72) was performed in a tertiary referral center...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Catherine Wanjiru Irungu, Herbert O Oburra, Betha Ochola
We assessed the prevalence and predictors of malnutrition in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Sixty cases and 123 controls matched for age and gender were included. Bio-data, dietary history, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), ideal body weight, and serum albumin levels were recorded. Pretreatment weight loss of >5% was present in 35% of subjects (P < 0.0001). A BMI of < 18.5 kg/m(2) was present in 13.3% (P < 0.001), percent ideal body weight of <90% was present in 30% (P < 0.001), and serum albumin levels <30 g/dL was present in 23...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Karin Blomgren, Lotta Eliander, Maija Hytönen, Suvi Ylinen, Mirja Laitio, Paula Virkkula
BACKGROUND: Antral irrigation earlier had an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of rhinosinusitis. Nowadays, it is often considered too unpleasant. However, the experience of patients of this procedure has been very seldom evaluated. Nor has the effect on pain in rhinosinusitis been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' experience of discomfort and pain during antral irrigation. We also assessed facial pain caused by rhinosinusitis before the procedure and pain soon after the procedure...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Paula Virkkula, Antti A Mäkitie, Seija I Vento
AIMS: Surgical treatment of nasal septal perforation remains a challenging field of rhinology. A large variety of techniques and grafts with promising results have been introduced for perforation repair. However, the use of fascia or fascia with periosteum has not been previously evaluated for a large sample of patients. METHODS: During the years 2007-2014, 105 operations were performed and 98 patients were treated for nasal septal perforation at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Ismail Zohdi, Louay S El Sharkawy, Mahmoud F El Bestar, Hazem M Abdel Tawab, Mo'men Aa Hamela, Amal A Hareedy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of selective neck dissection of sublevel IIa and level III in cases of glottis and supraglottic laryngeal carcinoma in the absence of lymph node metastasis and to show if there is value in dissecting the sublevel IIb or level IV in these cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with N0 glottic or supraglottic cancer were subjected to unilateral or bilateral selective neck dissection according to the site and the extent of the tumor, and the specimens were histopathologically examined for metastasis...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Patorn Piromchai, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is an uncommon disease with high mortality rates. There is currently no consensus on the best treatment timing. We studied the impact of the treatment timing on the survival of patients experiencing invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients suffering from invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. The duration of symptoms, clinical presentations, clinical signs, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes were collected...
2014: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Harri Keski-Säntti, Timo Mustonen, Jukka Schildt, Kauko Saarilahti, Antti A Mäkitie
BACKGROUND: In many centers, (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) is used to monitor treatment response after definitive (chemo)radiotherapy [(C)RT] for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), but its usefulness remains somewhat controversial. We aimed at assessing the accuracy of FDG-PET/CT in detecting residual disease after (C)RT. METHOD: All HNSCC patients with FDG-PET/CT performed to assess treatment response 10-18 weeks after definitive (C)RT at our institution during 2008-2010 were included...
2014: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Hazem Mohammed Abdel Tawab, Fadi Mahmoud Gharib, Tareq M Algarf, Louay S ElSharkawy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome and success of repair of uncomplicated tympanic membrane perforations with myringoplasty alone and when combined with mastoidectomy. METHODS: A prospective study where 40 patients with non-cholesteatomatous chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) were recruited during the period of June 2013 to December 2013 from the outpatient clinic of Otorhinolaryngology department, Faculty of medicine, Cairo University. Patients were managed medically and after dryness of their perforations they were operated upon...
2014: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Mahmoud A Khalil, Hazem M Abdel Tawab
BACKGROUND: Bilateral abductor vocal fold paralysis can lead to respiratory distress and dyspnea. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of CO2 laser unilateral posterior cordotomy in cases with bilateral abductor paralysis as regards improvement of dyspnea with preservation of satisfactory voice and swallowing after the operation. METHODS: A prospective study was done on 18 patients with bilateral abductor vocal fold paralysis (10 females and 8 males) from November 2010 to December 2012 with their ages ranging from 32 to 64 years...
2014: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
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