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World Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078209/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-co-occurring-with-psychosis-systematic-review-of-evidence
#1
Antonio Tundo, Roberta Necci
AIM: To review available evidence on the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for treating obsessive compulsive disorder co-occurring with psychosis. METHODS: In this paper we present a detailed and comprehensive review of the current literature focusing on CBT treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) co-occurring with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. We identified relevant literature published between 2001 and May 2016 through MEDLINE/PubMed search using as search string ("obsessive compulsive disorders" or "obsessive compulsive symptoms") and ("schizophrenia" or "schizoaffective disorder" or "psychosis") and ("cognitive behavioural therapy")...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078208/influence-of-different-second-generation-antipsychotics-on-the-qtc-interval-a-pragmatic-study
#2
Roy E Olsen, Rune A Kroken, Sigmund Bjørhovde, Kristina Aanesen, Hugo A Jørgensen, Else-Marie Løberg, Erik Johnsen
AIM: To investigate whether differential influence on the QTc interval exists among four second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in psychosis. METHODS: Data were drawn from a pragmatic, randomized head-to-head trial of the SGAs risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, and ziprasidone in acute admissions patients with psychosis, and with follow-up visits at discharge or maximally 6-9 wk, 3, 6, 12 and 24 mo. Electrocardiograms were recorded on all visits. To mimic clinical shared decision-making, the patients were randomized not to a single drug, but to a sequence of the SGAs under investigation...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078207/health-care-needs-of-remitted-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-comparison-with-schizophrenia
#3
Rajarshi Neogi, Subho Chakrabarti, Sandeep Grover
AIM: To investigate health-care needs and their correlates among patients with remitted bipolar disorder (BD) compared to patients with remitted schizophrenia. METHODS: Outpatients with BD (n = 150) and schizophrenia (n = 75) meeting clearly defined remission criteria were included in the study along with their relatives. Diagnostic ascertainment was carried out using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Demographic and clinical details were recorded using structured formats...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078206/infectious-atopic-and-inflammatory-diseases-childhood-adversities-and-familial-aggregation-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-for-mental-disorders-results-from-a-large-swiss-epidemiological-study
#4
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Aleksandra Aleksandrowicz, Stephanie Rodgers, Margot Mutsch, Anja Tesic, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler, Erich Seifritz, Enrique Castelao, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline Vandeleur, Roland von Känel, Rosa Paolicelli, Markus A Landolt, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Martin Preisig
AIM: To examine the associations between mental disorders and infectious, atopic, inflammatory diseases while adjusting for other risk factors. METHODS: We used data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (n = 3720; age range 35-66). Lifetime diagnoses of mental disorders were grouped into the following categories: Neurodevelopmental, anxiety (early and late onset), mood and substance disorders. They were regressed on infectious, atopic and other inflammatory diseases adjusting for sex, educational level, familial aggregation, childhood adversities and traumatic experiences in childhood...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078205/reasoning-and-rehabilitation-cognitive-skills-programme-for-mentally-disordered-offenders-predictors-of-outcome
#5
Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Gisli H Gudjonsson
AIM: To investigate factors predicting treatment completion and treatment outcome of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Mental Health Programme (R&R2MHP) cognitive skills programme for mentally disordered offenders. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data previously obtained from 97 male patients who were sectioned and detained under the United Kingdom Mental Health Act in low, medium and high security hospitals and who had completed R&R2MHP. Predictors of treatment completion included background variables and five outcome measures: Four self-reported measures of violent attitudes, social problem-solving skills, reactive anger and locus of control and an objective measure of behaviour on the ward that was completed by staff...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078204/treatment-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder-a-patient-centred-approach
#6
REVIEW
Subho Chakrabarti
About half of the patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) become non-adherent during long-term treatment, a rate largely similar to other chronic illnesses and one that has remained unchanged over the years. Non-adherence in BD is a complex phenomenon determined by a multitude of influences. However, there is considerable uncertainty about the key determinants of non-adherence in BD. Initial research on non-adherence in BD mostly limited itself to examining demographic, clinical and medication-related factors impacting adherence...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078203/catatonia-our-current-understanding-of-its-diagnosis-treatment-and-pathophysiology
#7
REVIEW
Sean A Rasmussen, Michael F Mazurek, Patricia I Rosebush
Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome that has been reported to occur in more than 10% of patients with acute psychiatric illnesses. Two subtypes of the syndrome have been identified. Catatonia of the retarded type is characterized by immobility, mutism, staring, rigidity, and a host of other clinical signs. Excited catatonia is a less common presentation in which patients develop prolonged periods of psychomotor agitation. Once thought to be a subtype of schizophrenia, catatonia is now recognized to occur with a broad spectrum of medical and psychiatric illnesses, particularly affective disorders...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679779/understanding-the-paranoid-psychosis-of-james-use-of-the-repertory-grid-technique-for-case-conceptualization
#8
Helena García-Mieres, Susana Ochoa, Marta Salla, Raquel López-Carrilero, Guillem Feixas
In this paper we illustrate the potential of the repertory grid technique as an instrument for case formulation and understanding of the personal perception and meanings of people with a diagnosis of psychotic disorders. For this purpose, the case of James is presented: A young man diagnosed with schizophrenia and personality disorder, with severe persecutory delusions and other positive symptoms that have not responded to antipsychotic medication, as well with depressive symptomatology. His case was selected because of the way his symptoms are reflected in his personal perception of self and others, including his main persecutory figure, in the different measures that result from the analysis of his repertory grid...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679778/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-auditory-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-a-review
#9
Maria Pontillo, Franco De Crescenzo, Stefano Vicari, Maria Laura Pucciarini, Roberto Averna, Ornella Santonastaso, Marco Armando
AIM: To provide an updated of recent findings about efficacy of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) in reduction of command hallucinations. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, ClinicalTrial.gov searches were performed using the keywords "hallucinations", "behavioural therapy" and " cognitive therapy" in order to identify relevant articles published during the years of 2011 to 2016. No language limits were used...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679777/comparative-effectiveness-of-quetiapine-and-haloperidol-in-delirium-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Sandeep Grover, Sudhir Mahajan, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of quetiapine and haloperidol in patients of delirium referred to psychiatry consultation liaison services. METHODS: The study followed a single blind randomised controlled trial design. Thirty-two patients in the haloperidol group and 31 patients in the quetiapine group were assessed at the baseline and 6 consecutive days. Flexible dosing regimen (haloperidol: 0.25-1.25 mg; quetiapine 12.5-75 mg/d) was used. Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98 (DRS-R-98) and mini mental status examination (MMSE) were the primary and secondary efficacy measures respectively...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679776/agreement-and-conversion-formula-between-mini-mental-state-examination-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-an-outpatient-sample
#11
Luqman Helmi, David Meagher, Edmond O'Mahony, Donagh O'Neill, Owen Mulligan, Sutha Murthy, Geraldine McCarthy, Dimitrios Adamis
AIM: To explore the agreement between the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) within community dwelling older patients attending an old age psychiatry service and to derive and test a conversion formula between the two scales. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive patients attending outpatient services. Both tests were administered by the same researcher on the same day in random order. RESULTS: The total sample (n = 135) was randomly divided into two groups...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679775/oral-but-not-written-test-anxiety-is-related-to-social-anxiety
#12
Lisa Laurin-Barantke, Jürgen Hoyer, Lydia Fehm, Susanne Knappe
AIM: To examine the associations of test anxiety (TA) in written vs oral exam situations with social anxiety (SA). METHODS: A convenience sample of 204 students was recruited at the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden, Germany) and contacted via e-mail asking to complete a cross-sectional online survey based on established questionnaires. The study protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the TU Dresden. Full data of n = 96 students were available for dependent t-tests and correlation analyses on the associations of SA and TA respectively with trigger events, cognitions, safety behaviors, physical symptoms and depersonalization...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679774/self-reported-and-behavioural-impulsivity-in-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Andrea Phillipou, Larry Allen Abel, David Jonathan Castle, Caroline Gurvich, Matthew Edward Hughes, Susan Lee Rossell
AIM: To examine how self-reported and behavioural impulsivity are related in anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Twenty-four females with AN and 25 healthy controls (HC) participant in the study. Self-reported impulsivity was assessed with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11). The scale yields three second-order factors: Attentional, motor and non-planning. Behavioural impulsivity was investigated with the continuous performance test (CPT), a computer-based task of sustained attention in which numbers are flashed briefly on screen and participants are required to click the mouse when the same number appears consecutively...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679773/chronic-pelvic-pain-psychiatric-disorders-and-early-emotional-traumas-results-of-a-cross-sectional-case-control-study
#14
Flávia L Osório, Ana Carolina F Carvalho, Mariana F Donadon, André L Moreno, Omero Polli-Neto
AIM: To compare the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and early emotional traumas between women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and healthy women. METHODS: One hundred women in reproductive age, 50 of them had CPP (according to the criteria set by the International Association for Study of Pain), and 50 were considered healthy after the gynecological evaluation. The eligibility criteria were defined as follows: chronic or persistent pain perceived in the pelvis-related structures (digestive, urinary, genital, myofascial or neurological systems)...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679772/self-worth-and-psychological-adjustment-of-obese-children-an-analysis-through-the-draw-a-person
#15
Giuseppe Scimeca, Amelia Alborghetti, Antonio Bruno, Giulia Maria Troili, Gianluca Pandolfo, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Rocco Antonio Zoccali
AIM: To investigate psychopathological correlates of child obesity via the Draw-A-Person test (DAP). METHODS: The participants were 50 children with a mean age of 9.74 years. Body mass index (BMI) was used as a measure of body fat. Children were divided into normal (n = 17), overweight (n = 14) and obese (n = 19). Two qualitative methods of scoring the DAP based on an integrative approach were used to assess self-concept (ESW) and overall level of children's adjustment (EAC)...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679771/stressful-life-events-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-activity
#16
George Giannakopoulos, George Chouliaras, Daphne Margoni, Sophia Korlou, Vassiliki Hantzara, Ioanna Panayotou, Eleftheria Roma, Magda Liakopoulou, Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos
AIM: To investigate the association of psychiatric and psychosocial correlates with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) activity in children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 85 pediatric IBD patients (in remission or active state of the disease) and their parents completed a series of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews measuring life events, depression, anxiety, family dysfunction, and parent mental health. Differences between the remission and the IBD active group and the association of any significant variable with the disease activity state were examined...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679770/voxel-based-magnetic-resonance-imaging-investigation-of-poor-and-preserved-clinical-insight-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#17
Adegboyega Sapara, Dominic H Ffytche, Michael A Cooke, Steven Cr Williams, Veena Kumari
AIM: To define regional grey-matter abnormalities in schizophrenia patients with poor insight (Insight(-)), relative to patients with preserved clinical insight (Insight(+)), and healthy controls. METHODS: Forty stable schizophrenia outpatients (20 Insight(-) and 20 Insight(+)) and 20 healthy controls underwent whole brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Insight in all patients was assessed using the Birchwood Insight Scale (BIS; a self-report measure). The two patient groups were pre-selected to match on most clinical and demographic parameters but, by design, they had markedly distinct BIS scores...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679769/ecological-momentary-assessment-with-smartphones-for-measuring-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#18
Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Teresa Kirchner-Nebot, Maria Forns-Santacana, Caterina Calderón, Irina Planellas
AIM: To analyze the viability of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) for measuring the mental states associated with psychopathological problems in adolescents. METHODS: In a sample of 110 adolescents, a sociodemographic data survey and an EMA Smartphone application over a one-week period (five times each day), was developed to explore symptom profiles, everyday problems, coping strategies, and the contexts in which the events take place. RESULTS: The positive response was 68...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679768/gene-environment-interaction-in-periphery-and-brain-converge-to-modulate-behavioral-outcomes-insights-from-the-sp1-transient-early-in-life-interference-rat-model
#19
REVIEW
Eyal Asor, Dorit Ben-Shachar
It is generally assumed that behavior results from an interaction between susceptible genes and environmental stimuli during critical life stages. The present article reviews the main theoretical and practical concepts in the research of gene environment interaction, emphasizing the need for models simulating real life complexity. We review a novel approach to study gene environment interaction in which a brief post-natal interference with the expression of multiple genes, by hindering the activity of the ubiquitous transcription factor specificity protein 1 (Sp1) is followed by later-in-life exposure of rats to stress...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679767/neuroinflammation-and-cytokine-abnormality-in-major-depression-cause-or-consequence-in-that-illness
#20
REVIEW
Sang Won Jeon, Yong Ku Kim
Depression results from changes in the central nervous system (CNS) that may result from immunological abnormalities. The immune system affects the CNS through cytokines, which regulate brain activities and emotions. Cytokines affect two biological systems that are most associated with the pathophysiology of depression: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the catecholamine/sympathetic nervous system. Neuroinflammation and cytokines affect the brain signal patterns involved in the psychopathology of depression and the mechanisms of antidepressants, and they are associated with neurogenesis and neural plasticity...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
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