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World Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713691/cognitive-correlates-of-neuroimaging-abnormalities-in-the-onset-of-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#1
Silvia Grassi, Giulia Orsenigo, Marta Serati, Elisabetta Caletti, Alfredo Carlo Altamura, Massimiliano Buoli
Increasing evidence shows that cognitive impairment and brain abnormalities can appear early in the first episodes of schizophrenia, but it is currently debated how brain changes can correlate with clinical presentation of schizophrenic patients. Of note, this report describes the case of a young schizophrenic male presenting parietal magnetic resonance/positron emission tomography abnormalities and cognitive impairment, documented by specific neuropsychological tests. In our knowledge only few studies have investigated if neuropsychological abnormalities could be concomitant with both structural and functional neuroimaging...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713690/three-dimensional-stereotactic-surface-projection-in-the-statistical-analysis-of-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-data-for-distinguishing-between-alzheimer-s-disease-and-depression
#2
Eiji Kirino
AIM: To evaluate usefulness of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP) in distinguishing between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and depression. METHODS: We studied 43 patients who presented with both depressive symptoms and memory disturbance. Each subject was evaluated using the following: (1) the Minimal Mental State Examination; (2) the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; (3) Clinical Global Impression-Severity scale (CGI-S); and (4) SPECT imaging with 3D-SSP...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#3
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713688/childhood-trauma-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-inpatients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Felipe José Nascimento Barreto, Frederico Duarte Garcia, Paulo Henrique Teixeira Prado, Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Nádia Souza Las Casas, Felipe Barbosa Vallt, Humberto Correa, Maila Castro Lourenço Neves
AIM: To identify factors associated with depressive symptoms among inpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed in a subsample of a large cross-sectional research that investigated affective disorders and suicide behaviour among inpatients hospitalized in non-surgical wards of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais from November 2013 to October 2015. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a structured interview and medical record review...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713687/group-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#5
Nusrat Husain, Nasim Chaudhry, Christine Furber, Hina Fayyaz, Tayyeba Kiran, Farah Lunat, Raza Ur Rahman, Saira Farhan, Batool Fatima
AIM: To understand the experience of maternal depression, the factors implicated in accessing health, and the acceptability of the psychosocial intervention. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the paediatrics outpatient department of Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. The study started in December 2009 and completed in December 2010. Women with maternal depression, aged 18-44 years with children aged 0-30 mo who had received nutritional supplements, and participated in the intervention programme [called Learning through Play (LTP) plus] were included in the study...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713686/development-of-an-instrument-to-measure-patients-attitudes-towards-involuntary-hospitalization
#6
Adel Gabriel
AIM: To construct and assess the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure patients' attitudes towards involuntary hospitalization. METHODS: This is a two phase study. In the first phase, based on comprehensive literature review, a twenty one item scale to measure patients' attitudes to involuntary admission was constructed. Forensic and inpatient Psychiatrists, patients' advocates and legal experts (n = 15) were invited to participate in the validation process of the written instrument, by formally rating each item of the instrument for its relevancy in measuring patients' attitudes to involuntary admission...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713685/understanding-the-pathophysiology-of-postpartum-psychosis-challenges-and-new-approaches
#7
REVIEW
William Davies
Postpartum psychosis is a severe psychiatric condition which affects 1-2 of every 1000 mothers shortly after childbirth. Whilst there is convincing evidence that the condition is precipitated by a complex combination of biological and environmental factors, as yet the pathophysiological mechanisms remain extremely poorly defined. Here, I critically review approaches that have been, or are being, employed to identify and characterise such mechanisms; I also review a recent animal model approach, and describe a novel biological risk model that it suggests...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401049/consequences-of-bullying-victimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Sophie E Moore, Rosana E Norman, Shuichi Suetani, Hannah J Thomas, Peter D Sly, James G Scott
AIM: To identify health and psychosocial problems associated with bullying victimization and conduct a meta-analysis summarizing the causal evidence. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC and PsycINFO electronic databases up to 28 February 2015. The study included published longitudinal and cross-sectional articles that examined health and psychosocial consequences of bullying victimization. All meta-analyses were based on quality-effects models...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401048/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-suicide-a-systematic-review
#9
Judit Balazs, Agnes Kereszteny
AIM: To investigate suicidality and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this paper aims to systematically review the literature as an extension of previous reviews. METHODS: We searched five databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Psychinfo, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science) with two categories of search terms: (1) suicide; suicidal; suicide behavior; suicide attempt; suicidal thought; and (2) ADHD. RESULTS: The search resulted 26 articles. There is a positive association between ADHD and suicidality in both sexes and in all age groups...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401047/neuroimaging-studies-of-cognitive-remediation-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-and-critical-review
#10
Rafael Penadés, Alexandre González-Rodríguez, Rosa Catalán, Bàrbara Segura, Miquel Bernardo, Carme Junqué
AIM: To examine the effects of cognitive remediation therapies on brain functioning through neuroimaging procedures in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A systematic, computerised literature search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline and PsychInfo databases. The search was performed through February 2016 without any restrictions on language or publication date. The search was performed using the following search terms: [("cogniti*" and "remediation" or "training" or "enhancement") and ("fMRI" or "MRI" or "PET" or "SPECT") and (schizophrenia or schiz*)]...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401046/functional-neuroanatomy-in-panic-disorder-status-quo-of-the-research
#11
Thomas Sobanski, Gerd Wagner
AIM: To provide an overview of the current research in the functional neuroanatomy of panic disorder. METHODS: Panic disorder (PD) is a frequent psychiatric disease. Gorman et al (1989; 2000) proposed a comprehensive neuroanatomical model of PD, which suggested that fear- and anxiety-related responses are mediated by a so-called "fear network" which is centered in the amygdala and includes the hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, periaqueductal gray region, locus coeruleus and other brainstem sites...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401045/differences-between-british-and-japanese-perspectives-on-forensic-mental-health-systems-a-preliminary-study
#12
Akihiro Shiina, Aika Tomoto, Soichiro Omiya, Aiko Sato, Masaomi Iyo, Yoshito Igarashi
AIM: To clarify the differences in views on forensic mental health (FMH) systems between the United Kingdom and Japan. METHODS: We conducted a series of semi-structured interviews with six leading forensic psychiatrists. Based on a discussion by the research team, we created an interview form. After we finished conducting all the interviews, we qualitatively analyzed their content. RESULTS: In the United Kingdom the core domain of FMH was risk assessment and management; however, in Japan, the core domain of FMH was psychiatric testimony...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401044/identity-and-schizophrenia-who-do-i-want-to-be
#13
REVIEW
Mary V Seeman
Many individuals with schizophrenia have occasional difficulty defining both to themselves and to others who they truly are. Perhaps for this reason they make attempts to change core aspects of themselves. These attempts may be delusional, but are too often unjustly dismissed as delusional before the potential value of the change is considered. Instead of facilitation, obstacles are placed in the way of hoped-for body modifications or changes of name or of religious faith. This paper discusses the various changes of identity sometimes undertaken by individuals with schizophrenia who may or may not be deluded...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078209/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-co-occurring-with-psychosis-systematic-review-of-evidence
#14
Antonio Tundo, Roberta Necci
AIM: To review available evidence on the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for treating obsessive compulsive disorder co-occurring with psychosis. METHODS: In this paper we present a detailed and comprehensive review of the current literature focusing on CBT treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) co-occurring with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. We identified relevant literature published between 2001 and May 2016 through MEDLINE/PubMed search using as search string ("obsessive compulsive disorders" or "obsessive compulsive symptoms") and ("schizophrenia" or "schizoaffective disorder" or "psychosis") and ("cognitive behavioural therapy")...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078208/influence-of-different-second-generation-antipsychotics-on-the-qtc-interval-a-pragmatic-study
#15
Roy E Olsen, Rune A Kroken, Sigmund Bjørhovde, Kristina Aanesen, Hugo A Jørgensen, Else-Marie Løberg, Erik Johnsen
AIM: To investigate whether differential influence on the QTc interval exists among four second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in psychosis. METHODS: Data were drawn from a pragmatic, randomized head-to-head trial of the SGAs risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, and ziprasidone in acute admissions patients with psychosis, and with follow-up visits at discharge or maximally 6-9 wk, 3, 6, 12 and 24 mo. Electrocardiograms were recorded on all visits. To mimic clinical shared decision-making, the patients were randomized not to a single drug, but to a sequence of the SGAs under investigation...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078207/health-care-needs-of-remitted-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-comparison-with-schizophrenia
#16
Rajarshi Neogi, Subho Chakrabarti, Sandeep Grover
AIM: To investigate health-care needs and their correlates among patients with remitted bipolar disorder (BD) compared to patients with remitted schizophrenia. METHODS: Outpatients with BD (n = 150) and schizophrenia (n = 75) meeting clearly defined remission criteria were included in the study along with their relatives. Diagnostic ascertainment was carried out using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Demographic and clinical details were recorded using structured formats...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078206/infectious-atopic-and-inflammatory-diseases-childhood-adversities-and-familial-aggregation-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-for-mental-disorders-results-from-a-large-swiss-epidemiological-study
#17
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Aleksandra Aleksandrowicz, Stephanie Rodgers, Margot Mutsch, Anja Tesic, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler, Erich Seifritz, Enrique Castelao, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline Vandeleur, Roland von Känel, Rosa Paolicelli, Markus A Landolt, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Martin Preisig
AIM: To examine the associations between mental disorders and infectious, atopic, inflammatory diseases while adjusting for other risk factors. METHODS: We used data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (n = 3720; age range 35-66). Lifetime diagnoses of mental disorders were grouped into the following categories: Neurodevelopmental, anxiety (early and late onset), mood and substance disorders. They were regressed on infectious, atopic and other inflammatory diseases adjusting for sex, educational level, familial aggregation, childhood adversities and traumatic experiences in childhood...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078205/reasoning-and-rehabilitation-cognitive-skills-programme-for-mentally-disordered-offenders-predictors-of-outcome
#18
Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Gisli H Gudjonsson
AIM: To investigate factors predicting treatment completion and treatment outcome of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Mental Health Programme (R&R2MHP) cognitive skills programme for mentally disordered offenders. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data previously obtained from 97 male patients who were sectioned and detained under the United Kingdom Mental Health Act in low, medium and high security hospitals and who had completed R&R2MHP. Predictors of treatment completion included background variables and five outcome measures: Four self-reported measures of violent attitudes, social problem-solving skills, reactive anger and locus of control and an objective measure of behaviour on the ward that was completed by staff...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078204/treatment-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder-a-patient-centred-approach
#19
REVIEW
Subho Chakrabarti
About half of the patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) become non-adherent during long-term treatment, a rate largely similar to other chronic illnesses and one that has remained unchanged over the years. Non-adherence in BD is a complex phenomenon determined by a multitude of influences. However, there is considerable uncertainty about the key determinants of non-adherence in BD. Initial research on non-adherence in BD mostly limited itself to examining demographic, clinical and medication-related factors impacting adherence...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078203/catatonia-our-current-understanding-of-its-diagnosis-treatment-and-pathophysiology
#20
REVIEW
Sean A Rasmussen, Michael F Mazurek, Patricia I Rosebush
Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome that has been reported to occur in more than 10% of patients with acute psychiatric illnesses. Two subtypes of the syndrome have been identified. Catatonia of the retarded type is characterized by immobility, mutism, staring, rigidity, and a host of other clinical signs. Excited catatonia is a less common presentation in which patients develop prolonged periods of psychomotor agitation. Once thought to be a subtype of schizophrenia, catatonia is now recognized to occur with a broad spectrum of medical and psychiatric illnesses, particularly affective disorders...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
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