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World Journal of Transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058231/incidence-of-kidney-stones-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Michael A Mao, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Insara J Jaffer Sathick, Tsering Dhondup, Stephen B Erickson
AIM: To evaluate the incidence and characteristics of kidney stones in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the inception of the databases through March 2016. Studies assessing the incidence of kidney stones in kidney transplant recipients were included. We applied a random-effects model to estimate the incidence of kidney stones. RESULTS: Twenty one studies with 64416 kidney transplant patients were included in the analyses to assess the incidence of kidney stones after kidney transplantation...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058230/outcomes-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-exercise-interventions-in-solid-organ-transplant
#2
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Sunita Mathur, Stacey Konidis, Catherine M Tansey, Cecile Beaurepaire
AIM: To identify the outcome measures that have been used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise training in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients and to link these outcomes to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: Electronic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were performed. We sought RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise training in SOT recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058229/systematic-review-of-the-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#3
Badri Man Shrestha
AIM: To review negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) as an important addition to the conventional methods of wound management. METHODS: A systematic review, performed by searching the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases, showed 11 case reports comprising a total of 22 kidney transplantation (KT) patients (range, 1 to 9), who were treated with NPWT. Application of NPWT was associated with successful healing of wounds, leg ulcer, lymphocele and urine leak from ileal conduit...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058228/corticosteroid-minimization-in-renal-transplantation-careful-patient-selection-enables-feasibility
#4
Georgios Vlachopanos, Julie M Bridson, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
AIM: To explore the benefits and harms of corticosteroid (CS) minimization following renal transplantation. METHODS: CS minimization attempts to improve cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia), to enhance growth in children, to ameliorate bone disease and to lead to better compliance with immunosuppressive agents. Nevertheless, any benefit must be carefully weighed against the reduction in net immunosuppression and the potential harm to renal allograft function and survival...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058227/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-transplanted-pediatric-heart-as-a-potential-predictor-of-rejection
#5
Steven C Greenway, Frederic Dallaire, Paul F Kantor, Anne I Dipchand, Rajiv R Chaturvedi, Monali Warade, Eugenie Riesenkampff, Shi-Joon Yoo, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
AIM: To evaluate cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) as a non-invasive tool to detect acute cellular rejection (ACR) in children after heart transplant (HT). METHODS: Thirty pediatric HT recipients underwent CMR at the time of surveillance endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) and results were compared to 14 non-transplant controls. Biventricular volumes, ejection fractions (EFs), T2-weighted signal intensities, native T1 times, extracellular volumes (ECVs) and presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) were compared between patients and controls and between patients with International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) grade ≥ 2R rejection and those with grade 0/1R...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058226/time-spent-in-hospital-after-liver-transplantation-effects-of-primary-liver-disease-and-comorbidity
#6
Chutwichai Tovikkai, Susan C Charman, Raaj K Praseedom, Alexander E Gimson, Jan van der Meulen
AIM: To explore the effect of primary liver disease and comorbidities on transplant length of stay (TLOS) and LOS in later admissions in the first two years after liver transplantation (LLOS). METHODS: A linked United Kingdom Liver Transplant Audit - Hospital Episode Statistics database of patients who received a first adult liver transplant between 1997 and 2010 in England was analysed. Patients who died within the first two years were excluded from the primary analysis, but a sensitivity analysis was also performed including all patients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058225/psychological-perspective-of-medication-adherence-in-transplantation
#7
Concetta De Pasquale, Massimiliano Veroux, Michele Fornaro, Nunzia Sinagra, Giusi Basile, Cecilia Gozzo, Roberta Santini, Alessandra Costa, Maria Luisa Pistorio
AIM: To identify the risk factors and the post-transplant psychological symptoms that affect adherence to therapy in a population of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: The study examined the psychological variables likely responsible for the non-adherent behavior using a psychological-psychiatric assessment, evaluation of the perception of patients' health status, and an interview regarding the anti-rejection drug therapy assumption. The study included 74 kidney transplant recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058224/persistent-epstein-barr-viral-load-in-epstein-barr-viral-na%C3%A3-ve-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients-risk-of-late-onset-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disease
#8
Bibhuti Das, Robert Morrow, Rong Huang, David Fixler
AIM: To examine the risk of late-onset post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) in the presence of persisting high Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in EBV naïve pediatric heart transplant (HT) recipients. METHODS: A retrospective review of the medical records of the 145 pediatric HT recipients who had serial EBV viral load monitoring at our center was performed. We defined EBV naive patients whose EBV serology either IgM or IgG in the blood were negative at the time of HT and excluded passive transmission from mother to child in subjects less than 6 mo of age...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058223/acute-antibody-mediated-rejection-after-intestinal-transplantation
#9
Guo-Sheng Wu, Ruy J Cruz, Jun-Chao Cai
AIM: To investigate the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcomes of acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) after intestinal transplantation (ITx). METHODS: A retrospective single-center analysis was performed to identify cases of acute ABMR after ITx, based on the presence of donor-specific antibody (DSA), acute tissue damage, C4d deposition, and allograft dysfunction. RESULTS: Acute ABMR was identified in 18 (10.3%) out of 175 intestinal allografts with an average occurrence of 10 d (range, 4-162) after ITx...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058222/stabilization-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-kidney-transplantation-from-deceased-donors-with-acute-kidney-injuries
#10
Punlop Wiwattanathum, Atiporn Ingsathit, Surasak Kantachuvesiri, Nuttapon Arpornsujaritkun, Wiwat Tirapanich, Vasant Sumethkul
AIM: To evaluate and compare the outcomes of kidney transplant (KT) from deceased donors among standard criteria, acute kidney injury (AKI) and expanded criteria donors (ECDs). METHODS: This retrospective study included 111 deceased donor kidney transplant recipients (DDKT). Deceased donors were classified as standard criteria donor (SCD), AKI donor and ECD. AKI was diagnosed and classified based on change of serum Cr by acute kidney injury network (AKIN) criteria...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058221/quality-of-life-10-years-after-liver-transplantation-the-impact-of-graft-histology
#11
Vincent Karam, Mylène Sebagh, Kinan Rifai, Funda Yilmaz, Prashant Bhangui, Colette Danet, Faouzi Saliba, Didier Samuel, Denis Castaing, René Adam, Cyrille Feray
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between the state of transplanted liver graft and the recipient quality of life (QOL) of histologically proven lesions in a 10-year post liver transplantation (LT) cohort of patients. METHODS: Seventy-two recipients with a functional first graft at 10 years post-LT underwent liver biopsy and completed a QOL questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore associations between histological, clinical and QOL criteria...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058220/tacrolimus-confers-lower-acute-rejection-rates-and-better-renal-allograft-survival-compared-to-cyclosporine
#12
Mahmoud Kamel, Manish Kadian, Titte Srinivas, David Taber, Maria Aurora Posadas Salas
AIM: To compare the impact of tacrolimus (FK) and cyclosporine (CYA) on acute rejection and graft survival and to assess the predominant causes of graft loss between patients receiving these two calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs). METHODS: Retrospective review of 1835 patients who received a kidney transplant (KTX) between 1999-2012. Patients were grouped based on initial CNI utilized: 1195 in FK group, 640 in CYA group. Data on baseline characteristics, clinical outcomes, and causes of graft loss in both groups were analyzed...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058219/impact-of-preformed-donor-specific-antibodies-against-hla-class-i-on-kidney-graft-outcomes-comparative-analysis-of-exclusively-anti-cw-vs-anti-a-and-or-b-antibodies
#13
Sofia Santos, Jorge Malheiro, Sandra Tafulo, Leonídio Dias, Rute Carmo, Susana Sampaio, Marta Costa, Andreia Campos, Sofia Pedroso, Manuela Almeida, La Salete Martins, Castro Henriques, António Cabrita
AIM: To analyze the clinical impact of preformed antiHLA-Cw vs antiHLA-A and/or -B donor-specific antibodies (DSA) in kidney transplantation. METHODS: Retrospective study, comparing 12 patients transplanted with DSA exclusively antiHLA-Cw with 23 patients with preformed DSA antiHLA-A and/or B. RESULTS: One year after transplantation there were no differences in terms of acute rejection between the two groups (3 and 6 cases, respectively in the DSA-Cw and the DSA-A-B groups; P = 1)...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058218/-contrast-nephropathy-in-renal-transplantation-is-it-real
#14
REVIEW
Fedaey Mohammed Abbas, Bridson M Julie, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
The risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in renal transplant recipients is increased in diabetics, patients with impaired basal kidney function, patients in shock, patients presenting with acute emergency and in old age recipients. Approximately one-third of all hospitalized patients with acute kidney injury is attributed to CIN. In the United States, it is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired renal failure. Therefore, efforts should be directed to minimize CIN-related morbidity and mortality as well as to shorten hospital stay...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058217/review-of-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-with-reduced-intensity-conditioning-in-solid-tumors-excluding-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Nuri Karadurmus, Ugur Sahin, Bilgin Bahadir Basgoz, Fikret Arpaci, Taner Demirer
Solid tumors in adults constitute a heterogeneous group of malignancy originating from various organ systems. Solid tumors are not completely curable by chemotherapy, even though some subgroups are very chemo-sensitive. Recently, oncologists have focused on the use of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) for the treatment of some refractory solid tumors. After the demonstration of allogeneic graft-versus-leukemia effect in patients with hematological malignancies who received allo-HSCT, investigators evaluated this effect in patients with refractory metastatic solid tumors...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058216/overview-of-the-progress-on-haploidentical-hematopoietic-transplantation
#16
REVIEW
Nosha Farhadfar, William J Hogan
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) remains the only potentially curative option for variety of hematologic disorders. Lack of a suitable fully HLA-matched donor limits this option for many patients. Without a suitable related or unrelated HLA-matched donor, umbilical cord blood and haploidentical family members provide a potential source of stem cells. Timely donor availability makes haploidentical donors an attractive alternative donor source. Initial attempts at haploidentical HSCT was associated with significantly increased mortality owing to high rates of graft rejection and severe graft-versus-host disease caused by major donor-recipient HLA-disparity...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058215/more-than-skin-deep-potential-nicotinamide-treatment-applications-in-chronic-kidney-transplant-recipients
#17
REVIEW
Andrew G Bostom, Basma Merhi, Joanna Walker, Leslie Robinson-Bostom
Non-melanoma cutaneous carcinomas, or skin cancers, predominantly squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), are the most common malignancies occurring in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Squamous cell carcinoma risk is dramatically elevated in KTRs, occurring at rates of up 45-250 times those reported in general populations. New non-melanoma skin cancers in KTRs with a prior non-melanoma skin cancer also develop at 3-times the rate reported in non-KTRs with the same clinical history. The unique aggressiveness of SCCs in KTRs increases patient morbidity, due to the high rate of new lesions requiring treatment, frequently surgical excision...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058214/older-candidates-for-kidney-transplantation-who-to-refer-and-what-to-expect
#18
REVIEW
Beatrice P Concepcion, Rachel C Forbes, Heidi M Schaefer
The number of older end-stage renal disease patients being referred for kidney transplantation continues to increase. This rise is occurring alongside the continually increasing prevalence of older end-stage renal disease patients. Although older kidney transplant recipients have decreased patient and graft survival compared to younger patients, transplantation in this patient population is pursued due to the survival advantage that it confers over remaining on the deceased donor waiting list. The upper limit of age and the extent of comorbidity and frailty at which transplantation ceases to be advantageous is not known...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058213/face-transplantation-anesthetic-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Aparna Dalal
Face transplantation is a complex vascular composite allotransplantation (VCA) surgery. It involves multiple types of tissue, such as bone, muscles, blood vessels, nerves to be transferred from the donor to the recipient as one unit. VCAs were added to the definition of organs covered by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network Final Rule and National Organ Transplant Act. Prior to harvest of the face from the donor, a tracheostomy is usually performed. The osteotomies and dissection of the midface bony skeleton may involve severe hemorrhagic blood loss often requiring transfusion of blood products...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058212/complement-related-kidney-diseases-recurrence-after-transplantation
#20
REVIEW
Maurizio Salvadori, Elisabetta Bertoni
The recurrence of renal disease after renal transplantation is becoming one of the main causes of graft loss after kidney transplantation. This principally concerns some of the original diseases as the atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), the membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), in particular the MPGN now called C3 glomerulopathy. Both this groups of renal diseases are characterized by congenital (genetic) or acquired (auto-antibodies) modifications of the alternative pathway of complement...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
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