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Psychiatry Journal

Narges Beyraghi, Azadeh Mazaheri Meybodi, Reyhaneh Sadat Jafarian Bahri
Although the move to smoke-free mental health inpatient settings is an internationally common and popular trend, these policies are neither implemented nor supported by any national program in Iran. This study investigates the attitude of mental health staff and psychiatric patients toward smoking cessation in 2 psychiatric inpatient units (psychosomatic and adult general psychiatry) in the Taleghani general hospital in Tehran. One hundred and twenty participants of this cross-sectional study consist of 30 mental health staff and 90 psychiatric patients...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Ayele Mamo Abebe, Yilma Girma Kebede, Fikir Mengistu
Background: Stress is very common among medical students across the globe with the prevalence of 80%. In Ethiopia, the prevalence is 47.7% among college students. Unless it is managed early, it leads to deterioration of academic performance and overall dissatisfaction with life and different serious health problems including anxiety, depression, and suicide. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of academic related stress among Debre Birhan governmental and nongovernmental health science college regular students 2015/16...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mebrat Abera Woledesenbet, Shegaye Shumet Mekonen, Lamesa Melese Sori, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
Background: Depression in asthma patients can cause worsening of respiratory symptoms. Addressing mental illness in those with asthma improves asthma outcomes. This study aimed to assess the epidemiology of depression and associated factors among asthma patients attending government hospitals in Ethiopia. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with asthma at three governmental hospitals of Addis Ababa from June to July 2017...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mekdes Beze Demoze, Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Haregwoin Mulat
Background: Orphan adolescents are a special group of people who are generally deprived and prone to develop psychiatric disorder even if reared in a well-run institution. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among orphan adolescents living in Addis Ababa orphan centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 among 453 orphan adolescents in Ethiopia. All orphan adolescents who were living in the selected orphan centers were included in the study...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mina Timalsina, Mana Kafle, Rekha Timalsina
Background: Psychosocial problems refer to the difficulties faced by adolescents in different areas of personal and social functioning. Adolescents are vulnerable to psychosocial problems because of physical and physiological changes that occur in their body during this developmental stage. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify psychosocial problems among school going adolescents in Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was adopted. Nonprobability convenient sampling technique was used for selecting 287 adolescents...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Zakir Abdu, Teshome Kabeta, Lamessa Dube, Workinesh Tessema, Mubarek Abera
Background: Mental disorder is one of the greatest challenges that current and future generations will face. Currently among all people suffering from depression, 85% of them live in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies reported the global burden/prevalence of depression to be five to ten times higher among prisoners than the general population. However, the prevalence of depression among prisoners in our study area is not known. Objective: This study therefore aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among prisoners in Jimma town in 2017...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Tadele Amare, Solomon Meseret Woldeyhannes, Kelemua Haile, Tebikew Yeneabat
Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and is common among adolescents worldwide. The true extent of the problem in Ethiopia is difficult to ascertain as suicides and suicidal behavior are significantly underreported and understudied. Objective: We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation and suicide attempt among adolescent high school students in Dangila Town, Ethiopia. Methods: This school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2015 in Dangila Town...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sibtain M Moledina, Khadija M Bhimji, Karim P Manji
Depression is a common condition in developed countries and is a growing problem in developing countries like Tanzania. Various risk factors have been identified through different studies. This study aimed at finding the prevalence of depression in a predominantly migrant Asian community and the behavioral, familial, social, and medical factors influencing it. A cross-sectional study among adults in a closed Asian community was done. Interviews and self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain details of symptoms and factors related to depression...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Gebrekiros Gebremichael, Manaye Yihune, Dessalegn Ajema, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu
Background. Perinatal depression is a serious mental health problem that can negatively affect the lives of women and children. The adverse consequences of perinatal depression in high-income countries also occur in low-income countries. Objective. To assess the perinatal depression and associated factors among mothers in Southern Ethiopia. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among selected 728 study participants in Arba Minch Zuria HDSS. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sushma Dahal, Monica H Swahn, Matthew J Hayat
Background: This study examines the association between mental disorders and neighborhood conditions in a nationally representative sample of US children. Methods: Data from US children aged 6-17 years ( N = 95,677) were obtained from the 2011/12 National Survey of Children's Health. Analysis examined neighborhood conditions and demographic and psychosocial characteristics including adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), parental mental health status, and the associations with any current diagnosed mental disorders (ACDMD)...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Yasodha Maheshi Rohanachandra, Shamini Prathapan, Swarna Wijetunge
Background: Maternal depression is known to be associated with anxiety, depression, oppositional and conduct disorders, neurocognitive deficits, ADHD, substance abuse, and personality disorder in the offspring. We aimed to describe the proportion of psychological problems among children of mothers with depression in Sri Lanka and to describe the associated sociodemographic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 100 children and adolescents between 4 and 16 years, whose mothers have a diagnosis of depression and are currently in remission...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Poorandokht Afsahri, Zahra Salehnejad, Khadijeh Hekmat, Parvin Abedi, Ahmad Fakhri, Mohammadhossein Haghighizadeh
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sleep quality and sexual function among Iranian women. Methods: This study was conducted on 277 married women of reproductive age. The inclusion criteria were as follows: married women aged 18-45 years, with at least basic literacy, and women married monogamously for at least one year. The following tools were used for gathering data: a demographic questionnaire; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); Insomnia Severity Index (ISI); Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS); and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Haile Tilahun, Nefsu Awoke, Biftu Geda, Firehiwot Mesfin
Introduction: Globally, depression is one of the three leading causes of disease and it will be the second leading cause of world disability by 2030. The prevalence of depression in Sub-Saharan Africa ranges from 15 to 30%. In Ethiopia, depression was found to be the seventh leading cause of disease burden and its prevalence has been increased in hospital compared to community setting because hospital environment itself is stressful. Yet, no study was done in Eastern Ethiopia, where substance use like Khat is very rampant...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sei Ogawa, Masaki Kondo, Keiko Ino, Risa Imai, Toshitaka Ii, Toshi A Furukawa, Tatsuo Akechi
Background: Many patients with panic disorder meet criteria for at least one other diagnosis, most commonly other anxiety or mood disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best empirically supported psychotherapy for panic disorder. There is now evidence indicating that cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder yields positive benefits upon comorbid disorders. Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the predictors of broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Tadesse Melaku Abegaz, Lamesa Melese Sori, Hussien Nurahmed Toleha
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/5812817.].
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mikiyas Tullu, Telake Azale, Dessie Abebaw, Haddis Solomon, Yodit Habtamu
Introduction: Cannabis users are at high risk of developing cannabis use disorder which is a problematic pattern of cannabis use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. Objective: To assess the magnitude of cannabis use disorder and associated factors among young adults using cannabis at Shashemene Town, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Shashemene Town, from May to June 2016. Young adults aged 18-25 who use cannabis and are permanent residents of Shashemene were included in the study...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Biksegn Asrat, Alem Eskeziya Ayenalem, Tenaw Yimer
Background: This study tried to reflect evidences regarding internalized stigma and assessed risk factors of internalized stigma. Objective: It aims to assess the magnitude, domains, and covariates of internalized stigma among patients with mental illness in southern Ethiopia. Methods: The study was carried out by using a cross-sectional study design at Dilla University Referral Hospital (DURH). A total of 317 patients with mental illness were involved...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sharon Ashong, Irene A Kretchy, Barima Afrane, Ama de-Graft Aikins
Background: Patients with schizophrenia are managed with antipsychotics and other psychotropic medications. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the commonly prescribed psychotropic medications for patients with schizophrenia, explore the types of therapeutic monitoring that were performed, and find out whether the side effects experienced by the patients played any role in their adherence behaviour. Methods: This hospital-based cross-sectional study enrolled 259 patients with schizophrenia from Accra Psychiatric Hospital and Pantang Psychiatric Hospital...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Tadesse Melaku Abegaz, Lamessa Melese Sori, Hussien Nurahmed Toleha
Background: There is paucity of data on prevalence of Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) and adherence and clinical outcomes of antidepressants. The present study determined the magnitude of ADRs of antidepressants and their impact on the level of adherence and clinical outcome. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among depression patients from September 2016 to January 2017 at Gondar University Hospital psychiatry clinic. The Naranjo ADR probability scale was employed to assess the ADRs...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
Christopher W T Miller
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/5491812.].
2017: Psychiatry Journal
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