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Psychiatry Journal

Eyasu H Tesfamariam, Medhane M Tekie, Amos Y Tesfa, Dawit H Hadgu, Eyob A Awalom, Eyob B Ghebremedhin, Nebay A Tquabo
Secondary School students (SSs) are important members of the community; hence their attitude towards mental illness can be highly influential. Mentally ill individuals are not only suffering from the illness but also suffering from the stigmatizing attitude generated by the community. The objectives of this study were to determine attitude of SSs towards mental illness and its associated factors. A cross-sectional study design employing stratified random sampling was applied to select a sample of 402 students...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Ojaswee Sherchand, Nidesh Sapkota, Rajendra Kumar Chaudhari, Seraj A Khan, Jouslin Kishor Baranwal, Apeksha Niraula, Madhab Lamsal
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression in the working population; to examine if any gender disparity prevails; and to determine the sociodemographic mediators of depression. Methods: Data from previous research was retrieved for this study. Only paid workers were selected (n=160). Sociodemographic variables including prevalence of moderate depression were compared between the genders using Chi square test. Significant variables were subject to logistic regression...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sandra N Ofori, Frances N Adiukwu
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of unrecognized depressive symptoms and its associated risk factors among patients with diabetes and/or hypertension attending medical outpatient clinics of a tertiary health centre in southern Nigeria. A cross-sectional study design was employed to assess 200 randomly selected patients attending the clinics. Questionnaires were administered to obtain sociodemographic and medical history data. The perceived stress scale (PSS) was used to determine the presence of subjective psychological stress and PHQ-9 was used to screen for depression...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Gemechu Shiferaw, Lemi Bacha, Dereje Tsegaye
Introduction: Orphans are the special group of children who are generally deprived and prone to develop psychiatric disorders even those reared in well-run institutions. These children and adolescents living as orphans or in stigmatized environments are vulnerable because of the loss of parent figures. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has contributed to a drastic increase in the number of orphans and vulnerable children and other causes in sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about the prevalence of depression and associated factors among orphanage children in areas such as Ethiopia...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mu-Lin Chiu, Chi-Fung Cheng, Wen-Miin Liang, Pen-Tang Lin, Trong-Neng Wu, Chiu-Ying Chen
Introduction. Previous studies have examined the association between specific mental disorders, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, and substance-related disorders; but the temporal link between them remains unclear. This study aimed to examine whether individuals with specific mental disorders, including affective psychoses, neurotic disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, and adjustment reaction, have higher risks for subsequently developing substance-related disorders compared to those without...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sofia Seid, Demeke Demilew, Solomon Yimer, Awoke Mihretu
Background: Caregiving to individuals with mental illness is a broad responsibility, including not only practical help and care but also emotional support. Cross-sectional studies in different localities suggested a significant burden of mental distress among caregivers of patients with epilepsy, but we are not aware about the condition in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to assess the prevalence and associated factors of mental distress among caregivers of patients with epilepsy in Ethiopia...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Getu Belay Ababu, Asmare Belete Yigzaw, Yihunbelay Dinku Besene, Wondale Getinet Alemu
Background: Being in a university for the first time is an unpleasant event and time of heavy pressure relating to social things and dissatisfaction for several new faculty students. Adjustment difficulties are the foremost common issues among freshman students; World Health Organization area unit researched a full-of-life adjustment innovation in universities. Despite this reality, there is a few literature that identifies prevalence and factors related to the adjustment downside among university/college students...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Narges Beyraghi, Azadeh Mazaheri Meybodi, Reyhaneh Sadat Jafarian Bahri
Although the move to smoke-free mental health inpatient settings is an internationally common and popular trend, these policies are neither implemented nor supported by any national program in Iran. This study investigates the attitude of mental health staff and psychiatric patients toward smoking cessation in 2 psychiatric inpatient units (psychosomatic and adult general psychiatry) in the Taleghani general hospital in Tehran. One hundred and twenty participants of this cross-sectional study consist of 30 mental health staff and 90 psychiatric patients...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Ayele Mamo Abebe, Yilma Girma Kebede, Fikir Mengistu
Background: Stress is very common among medical students across the globe with the prevalence of 80%. In Ethiopia, the prevalence is 47.7% among college students. Unless it is managed early, it leads to deterioration of academic performance and overall dissatisfaction with life and different serious health problems including anxiety, depression, and suicide. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of academic related stress among Debre Birhan governmental and nongovernmental health science college regular students 2015/16...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mebrat Abera Woledesenbet, Shegaye Shumet Mekonen, Lamesa Melese Sori, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
Background: Depression in asthma patients can cause worsening of respiratory symptoms. Addressing mental illness in those with asthma improves asthma outcomes. This study aimed to assess the epidemiology of depression and associated factors among asthma patients attending government hospitals in Ethiopia. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with asthma at three governmental hospitals of Addis Ababa from June to July 2017...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mekdes Beze Demoze, Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Haregwoin Mulat
Background: Orphan adolescents are a special group of people who are generally deprived and prone to develop psychiatric disorder even if reared in a well-run institution. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among orphan adolescents living in Addis Ababa orphan centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 among 453 orphan adolescents in Ethiopia. All orphan adolescents who were living in the selected orphan centers were included in the study...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Mina Timalsina, Mana Kafle, Rekha Timalsina
Background: Psychosocial problems refer to the difficulties faced by adolescents in different areas of personal and social functioning. Adolescents are vulnerable to psychosocial problems because of physical and physiological changes that occur in their body during this developmental stage. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify psychosocial problems among school going adolescents in Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was adopted. Nonprobability convenient sampling technique was used for selecting 287 adolescents...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Zakir Abdu, Teshome Kabeta, Lamessa Dube, Workinesh Tessema, Mubarek Abera
Background: Mental disorder is one of the greatest challenges that current and future generations will face. Currently among all people suffering from depression, 85% of them live in low- and middle-income countries. Previous studies reported the global burden/prevalence of depression to be five to ten times higher among prisoners than the general population. However, the prevalence of depression among prisoners in our study area is not known. Objective: This study therefore aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among prisoners in Jimma town in 2017...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Tadele Amare, Solomon Meseret Woldeyhannes, Kelemua Haile, Tebikew Yeneabat
Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and is common among adolescents worldwide. The true extent of the problem in Ethiopia is difficult to ascertain as suicides and suicidal behavior are significantly underreported and understudied. Objective: We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation and suicide attempt among adolescent high school students in Dangila Town, Ethiopia. Methods: This school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2015 in Dangila Town...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sibtain M Moledina, Khadija M Bhimji, Karim P Manji
Depression is a common condition in developed countries and is a growing problem in developing countries like Tanzania. Various risk factors have been identified through different studies. This study aimed at finding the prevalence of depression in a predominantly migrant Asian community and the behavioral, familial, social, and medical factors influencing it. A cross-sectional study among adults in a closed Asian community was done. Interviews and self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain details of symptoms and factors related to depression...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Gebrekiros Gebremichael, Manaye Yihune, Dessalegn Ajema, Desta Haftu, Genet Gedamu
Background. Perinatal depression is a serious mental health problem that can negatively affect the lives of women and children. The adverse consequences of perinatal depression in high-income countries also occur in low-income countries. Objective. To assess the perinatal depression and associated factors among mothers in Southern Ethiopia. Methods. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among selected 728 study participants in Arba Minch Zuria HDSS. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Sushma Dahal, Monica H Swahn, Matthew J Hayat
Background: This study examines the association between mental disorders and neighborhood conditions in a nationally representative sample of US children. Methods: Data from US children aged 6-17 years ( N = 95,677) were obtained from the 2011/12 National Survey of Children's Health. Analysis examined neighborhood conditions and demographic and psychosocial characteristics including adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), parental mental health status, and the associations with any current diagnosed mental disorders (ACDMD)...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Yasodha Maheshi Rohanachandra, Shamini Prathapan, Swarna Wijetunge
Background: Maternal depression is known to be associated with anxiety, depression, oppositional and conduct disorders, neurocognitive deficits, ADHD, substance abuse, and personality disorder in the offspring. We aimed to describe the proportion of psychological problems among children of mothers with depression in Sri Lanka and to describe the associated sociodemographic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 100 children and adolescents between 4 and 16 years, whose mothers have a diagnosis of depression and are currently in remission...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Poorandokht Afsahri, Zahra Salehnejad, Khadijeh Hekmat, Parvin Abedi, Ahmad Fakhri, Mohammadhossein Haghighizadeh
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sleep quality and sexual function among Iranian women. Methods: This study was conducted on 277 married women of reproductive age. The inclusion criteria were as follows: married women aged 18-45 years, with at least basic literacy, and women married monogamously for at least one year. The following tools were used for gathering data: a demographic questionnaire; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); Insomnia Severity Index (ISI); Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS); and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
Haile Tilahun, Nefsu Awoke, Biftu Geda, Firehiwot Mesfin
Introduction: Globally, depression is one of the three leading causes of disease and it will be the second leading cause of world disability by 2030. The prevalence of depression in Sub-Saharan Africa ranges from 15 to 30%. In Ethiopia, depression was found to be the seventh leading cause of disease burden and its prevalence has been increased in hospital compared to community setting because hospital environment itself is stressful. Yet, no study was done in Eastern Ethiopia, where substance use like Khat is very rampant...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
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