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Psychiatry Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491869/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-at-zewditu-memorial-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Etsay Hailu Gebremariam, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Zebiba Nasir, Fisseha Zewdu Amdie
Background. Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV/AIDS) continues to be an underrecognized risk for suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt, and completion of suicide. Suicidal ideation and attempt in HIV/AIDS is not only a predictor of future attempted suicide and completed suicide. Methods. An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV-positive patients attending HIV care at Zewditu Memorial Hospital. Systematic random sampling technique was used to recruit 423 participants from April to May 2014...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316973/dyslipidaemia-and-medical-outcome-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-taking-antipsychotics-in-enugu-nigeria
#2
Emmanuel Omamurhomu Olose, John Edet, Monday Nwite Igwe, Donald Chidozie Chukwujekwu, Miriam Chinyere Aguocha, Richard Uwakwe
Aim. Determine association between use (and type) of antipsychotics and dyslipidaemia in newly diagnosed schizophrenia patients attending Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Enugu. Methods. From sixty antipsychotic naive patients with schizophrenia and sixty first-degree relatives matched for gender and age, fasting blood lipid profiles were measured at baseline and after twelve weeks. Medical Outcome Study Short Form General Health Survey was administered to patients on both occasions. Fasting lipid profile changes of both groups were compared...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299314/high-magnitude-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-school-adolescents
#3
Kindie Mekuria, Haregwoin Mulat, Habtamu Derajew, Tesfa Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu, Amsalu Belete, Solomon Yimer, Getasew Legas, Melak Menberu, Asmamaw Getnet, Simegnew Kibret
Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293623/patients-experience-of-winter-depression-and-light-room-treatment
#4
Cecilia Rastad, Lennart Wetterberg, Cathrin Martin
Background. There is a need for more knowledge on the effects of light room treatment in patients with seasonal affective disorder and to explore patients' subjective experience of the disease and the treatment. Methods. This was a descriptive and explorative study applying qualitative content analysis. A purposeful sample of 18 psychiatric outpatients with a major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern and a pretreatment score ≥12 on the 9-item Montgomery-Åsberg Depression self-rating scale was included (10 women and 8 men, aged 24-65 years)...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251146/exploring-complexity-of-deliberate-self-poisoning-through-network-analysis
#5
Leila R Kalankesh, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Rebecca A Fein, Nazila Moftian, Zahra Nasiry
The purpose of this research was to examine the complexity of circumstances that result in deliberate self-poisoning cases. For the purposes of this paper, the cases were patients that presented for care and were admitted to the specialty hospital in Northwest of Iran. The research examined the problems preceding deliberate self-poisoning and the interrelations among them by applying network analysis methods. The network was scored for degrees of centrality and betweenness centrality. Structural analysis of network also was conducted using block modelling...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070501/clinical-profile-and-comorbidity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-observation-in-bangladesh
#6
Md Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, Mohammad S I Mullick, S M Yasir Arafat
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common disorder characterised by persistent and unwanted intrusive thoughts, images, and urges and repetitive behaviours or mental acts and can cause pervasive impairments. In Bangladesh, the prevalence of OCD among children is 2% which is higher than in previous reporting. This study was aimed at looking into the type, frequency, and severity of symptoms of OCD and comorbidity among children and adolescents. A consecutive 60 OCD cases from a child mental health service with age range of 5-18 years were recruited and divided into below and above 12 years of age group...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990420/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-undernutrition-among-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-northwest-ethiopia
#7
Edmialem Gezahegn, Melkie Edris, Berihun Assefa Dachew
Background. Undernutrition and major depressive disorder are frequently co-occurring. Patients with impaired mental health are strongly vulnerable to the risks of having involuntary weight loss or deficiency of essential nutrients. However, there is no study which assesses undernutrition among major depressive patients in Ethiopia. Method. A total of 422 clients were included in the study. Structured questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were used for collecting the data. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with undernutrition...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840817/community-perception-towards-mental-illness-among-residents-of-gimbi-town-western-ethiopia
#8
Misael Benti, Jemal Ebrahim, Tadesse Awoke, Zegeye Yohannis, Asres Bedaso
Background. Despite the increased burden of mental health problem, little is known about knowledge and perception of the public towards mental health problems in Ethiopia. Methods. Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among selected 845 Gimbi town residents from May 28 to June 28, 2014. Results. Out of the total study participants, 304 (37.3%) were found to have poor perception (a score below mean five semantic differential scales for positive questions and above mean for negative questions) of mental illness...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752508/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-amongst-cancer-patients-in-a-hospital-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Anish Khalil, Muhammad Faheem, Ammad Fahim, Haran Innocent, Zainab Mansoor, Shehrbano Rizvi, Hizra Farrukh
Background. The biomedical care for cancer has not been complemented by psychosocial progressions in cancer care. Objectives. To find the prevalence of anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients in a hospital setting. Design and Setting. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the tertiary care hospitals Shifa International Hospital Islamabad and Nuclear Medicine, Oncology, and Radiotherapy Institute [NORI]. Patients and Methods. 300 patients were interviewed from both the outpatient and inpatient department using The Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS)...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699166/the-brief-symptom-inventory-and-the-outcome-questionnaire-45-in-the-assessment-of-the-outcome-quality-of-mental-health-interventions
#10
Aureliano Crameri, Christopher Schuetz, Andreas Andreae, Margit Koemeda, Peter Schulthess, Volker Tschuschke, Agnes von Wyl
Self-report questionnaires are economical instruments for routine outcome assessment. In this study, the performance of the German version of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45) and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) was evaluated when applied in analysis of the outcome quality of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic interventions. Pre-post data from two inpatient samples (N = 5711) and one outpatient sample (N = 239) were analyzed. Critical differences (reliable change index) and cut-off points between functional and dysfunctional populations were calculated using the Jacobson and Truax method of calculating clinical significance...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630999/common-mental-disorders-among-occupational-groups-contributions-of-the-latent-class-model
#11
Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Fernando Martins Carvalho, Tânia Maria de Araújo
Background. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) is widely used for evaluating common mental disorders. However, few studies have evaluated the SRQ-20 measurements performance in occupational groups. This study aimed to describe manifestation patterns of common mental disorders symptoms among workers populations, by using latent class analysis. Methods. Data derived from 9,959 Brazilian workers, obtained from four cross-sectional studies that used similar methodology, among groups of informal workers, teachers, healthcare workers, and urban workers...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597949/cognitive-function-before-and-during-treatment-with-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-in-patients-with-depression-or-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Mehdi Sayyah, Kaveh Eslami, Shabnam AlaiShehni, Leila Kouti
Objectives. Identification of adverse effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) is of great importance due to their extensive use in medicine. Some studies have reported the effects of SSRIs on cognitive functions, but the results are conflicting. This study was designed to assess the effect of these drugs on cognition of patients with depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Methods. Patients with depression or OCD, naïve to therapy, and candidates of receiving one drug from SSRI class, voluntarily, entered this study...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529063/forethought-in-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-fmri-study-of-sex-specific-differences
#13
H Poissant, L Rapin, S Chenail, A Mendrek
Objective. The majority of studies investigating neurocognitive processing in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been conducted on male participants. Few studies evaluated females or examined sex differences. Among various cognitive anomalies in ADHD, deficit in forethought seems particularly important as children with ADHD often fail to adequately use previous information in order to prepare for responses. The main goal of this study was to assess sex-specific differences in behavioral and neural correlates of forethought in youth with ADHD...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525258/enhanced-early-neuronal-processing-of-food-pictures-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-magnetoencephalography-study
#14
Lauren R Godier, Jessica C Scaife, Sven Braeutigam, Rebecca J Park
Neuroimaging studies in Anorexia Nervosa (AN) have shown increased activation in reward and cognitive control regions in response to food, and a behavioral attentional bias (AB) towards food stimuli is reported. This study aimed to further investigate the neural processing of food using magnetoencephalography (MEG). Participants were 13 females with restricting-type AN, 14 females recovered from restricting-type AN, and 15 female healthy controls. MEG data was acquired whilst participants viewed high- and low-calorie food pictures...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314005/towards-a-standard-psychometric-diagnostic-interview-for-subjects-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-caarms-versus-sips
#15
P Fusar-Poli, M Cappucciati, G Rutigliano, T Y Lee, Q Beverly, I Bonoldi, J Lelli, S J Kaar, E Gago, M Rocchetti, R Patel, V Bhavsar, S Tognin, S Badger, M Calem, K Lim, J S Kwon, J Perez, P McGuire
Background. Several psychometric instruments are available for the diagnostic interview of subjects at ultra high risk (UHR) of psychosis. Their diagnostic comparability is unknown. Methods. All referrals to the OASIS (London) or CAMEO (Cambridgeshire) UHR services from May 13 to Dec 14 were interviewed for a UHR state using both the CAARMS 12/2006 and the SIPS 5.0. Percent overall agreement, kappa, the McNemar-Bowker χ (2) test, equipercentile methods, and residual analyses were used to investigate diagnostic outcomes and symptoms severity or frequency...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294105/arabic-translation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-depression-literacy-questionnaire-among-adolescents
#16
Hussain Ahmed Darraj, Mohamed Salih Mahfouz, Rashad Mohamed Al Sanosi, Mohammed Badedi, Abdullah Sabai, Abdulrahman Al Refaei, Hussain Mutawm
Background. Depression is a serious mental health disease. Globally, it is estimated that almost 350 million people suffer from depression. It is important to assess depression literacy including knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders among adolescents. Objective. This study was conducted to validate the Arabic version of the Depression Literacy Questionnaire (D-Lit) among adolescents. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample size of 120 adolescents. Statistical analysis included face validation, confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability testing...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294104/mass-psychogenic-illness-demography-and-symptom-profile-of-an-episode
#17
Binoy Krishna Tarafder, Mohammad Ashik Imran Khan, Md Tanvir Islam, Sheikh Abdullah Al Mahmud, Md Humayun Kabir Sarker, Imtiaz Faruq, Md Titu Miah, S M Yasir Arafat
Background. Mass psychogenic illness has been a recurrent phenomenon in Bangladesh over recent times. Objectives. This study was aimed at investigating the demographic characteristics and symptom profile of an outbreak of mass psychogenic illness occurring in a girls' high school. Methods and Materials. In 14 April 2013, a total of 93 students of a girls' high school suddenly developed various symptoms following intake of tiffin cake which resulted in panic and hospital admission. A descriptive, cross-sectional observational survey was done to define various characteristics of the outbreak...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247932/depression-among-ethiopian-adults-cross-sectional-study
#18
Getasew Legas Molla, Haregwoin Mulat Sebhat, Zebiba Nasir Hussen, Amsalu Belete Mekonen, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha, Tesfa Mekonen Yimer
Background. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders worldwide and is the second leading cause of disability and major contributor to suicide. Methods. Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 779 adults residing in Northwest Ethiopia. Multistage cluster sampling technique was used to select study participants. Depression was measured by Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Bivariate as well as multivariate logistic regressions were used to identify associated factors. p value of < 0...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190984/comparison-of-sexual-experience-and-behavior-between-bipolar-outpatients-and-outpatients-without-mood-disorders
#19
Jennifer Downey, Richard C Friedman, Elizabeth Haase, David Goldenberg, Robinette Bell, Sidney Edsall
Sexual behavior over the past year of 32 outpatients with Bipolar disorder is compared to that of 44 Comparison patients that had never had an episode of affective illness. Subjects were outpatients treated with drugs and psychotherapy in routine office practice. Differences in sexual behavior between the two groups as a whole were minimal, but meaningful differences emerged when subgroups were compared. Compared to control men, Bipolar men had had more partners in the last year and were more likely to have had sex without condoms...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144156/canadian-physicians-attitudes-towards-accessing-mental-health-resources
#20
Tariq M Hassan, M Selim Asmer, Nadeem Mazhar, Tariq Munshi, Tanya Tran, Dianne L Groll
Despite their rigorous training, studies have shown that physicians experience higher rates of mental illness, substance abuse, and suicide compared to the general population. An online questionnaire was sent to a random sample of physicians across Canada to assess physicians' knowledge of the incidence of mental illness among physicians and their attitudes towards disclosure and treatment in a hypothetical situation where one developed a mental illness. We received 139 responses reflecting mostly primary care physicians and nonsurgical specialists...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
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