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Mass Spectrometry

Tatsuya Higashi, Mai Yokota, Ayaka Goto, Kenji Komatsu, Takahiro Sugiura, Shoujiro Ogawa, Mamoru Satoh, Fumio Nomura
A method for the simultaneous determination of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] and its 3-sulfate [25(OH)D3S] in newborn plasma, which is expected to be helpful in the assessment of the vitamin D status, using stable isotope-dilution liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) has been developed and validated. The plasma was pretreated based on the deproteinization and solid-phase extraction, then subjected to derivatization with 4-(4-dimethylaminophenyl)-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (DAPTAD)...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Keishiro Nagoshi, Kazuma Inatomi, Issey Osaka, Mitsuo Takayama
The formation of monomeric and dimeric ions of seven different aminonaphthols (ANLs) has been studied by using laser desorption/ionization (LDI) with a nitrogen laser. The positive-ion data of all the ANLs merely showed molecular ion M(·+) without protonated molecule [M+H](+), while 1-amino-2-naphthol (1,2-ANL) and 2-amino-1-naphthol (2,1-ANL) showed an intense dimeric ion [2 M-2H2O+H](+). The negative-ion data showed deprotonated molecule [M-H](-) in common, while the spectra of 1,2-ANL, 2,1-ANL and 8-amino-2-naphthol (8,2-ANL) accompanied an intense peak corresponding to negative molecular ion M(·-) and the 8,2-ANL and 4-amino-1-naphthol (4,1-ANL) accompanied dehydrogenated anion [M-2H](·-)...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Miho Ozeki, Takenori Nozaki, Jun Aoki, Takeshi Bamba, Kirk R Jensen, Shinya Murakami, Michisato Toyoda
Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent threats to oral health as the most common cause of tooth loss. In order to perform effective treatment, a clinical test that detect sites where disease activity is high and predicts periodontal tissue destruction is strongly desired, however, it is still difficult to prognose the periodontal tissue breakdown on the basis of conventional methods. The aim of this study is to examine the usefulness of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), which could eventually be used for on-site analysis of metabolites in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in order to objectively diagnose periodontitis at a molecular level...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Yukari Izuchi, Tsuneo Takashima, Naoya Hatano
The demand for leather goods has grown globally in recent years. Industry revenue is forecast to reach $91.2 billion by 2018. There is an ongoing labelling problem in the leather items market, in that it is currently impossible to identify the species that a given piece of leather is derived from. To address this issue, we developed a rapid and simple method for the specific identification of leather derived from cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, goats, and deer by analysing peptides produced by the trypsin-digestion of proteins contained in leather goods using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Atsushi Yamamoto, Naoko Matsumoto, Hideya Kawasaki, Ryuichi Arakawa
A workflow based on liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC/HR-MS) was applied for the identification of compounds in urban environments. Substances extracted by solid-phase extraction from river water were wholly analyzed by LC/HR-MS without any purification. Fragmentation in collision-induced dissociation was manually studied for the 20 most intense ions in positive- and negative-ion electrospray ionization with accurate mass determination at a resolution of 100,000. Sixteen anthropogenic compounds in the extract were identified and confirmed using standard reference reagents...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Mitsuo Takayama
The in-source decay (ISD) phenomenon, the fragmentation at an N-Cα bond of a peptide backbone that occurs within several tens of nanoseconds in the ion-source in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS), is discussed from the standpoints of the discovery and early publications dealing with MALDI-ISD, the formation of c-ions in energy-sudden desorption/ionization methods, the formation of radical species in a MALDI, model construction for ISD, and matrix materials that are suitable for use in MALDI-ISD...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Shinya Nakashima, Yuzuru Hayashi
The aim of this paper is to propose a stochastic method for estimating the detection limits (DLs) and quantitation limits (QLs) of compounds registered in a database of a GC/MS system and prove its validity with experiments. The approach described in ISO 11843 Part 7 is adopted here as an estimation means of DL and QL, and the decafluorotriphenylphosphine (DFTPP) tuning and retention time locking are carried out for adjusting the system. Coupled with the data obtained from the system adjustment experiments, the information (noise and signal of chromatograms and calibration curves) stored in the database is used for the stochastic estimation, dispensing with the repetition measurements...
2016: Mass Spectrometry
Kazuhiro Sumitomo, Hiroaki Akutsu, Syusei Fukuyama, Akiho Minoshima, Shin Kukita, Yuji Yamamura, Yoshiaki Sato, Taiki Hayasaka, Shinobu Osanai, Hiroshi Funakoshi, Naoyuki Hasebe, Masao Nakamura
Conifer and broadleaf trees emit volatile organic compounds in the summer. The major components of these emissions are volatile monoterpenes. Using solid phase microextraction fiber as the adsorbant, monoterpenes were successfully detected and identified in forest air samples. Gas chromatography/mass chromatogram of monoterpenes in the atmosphere of a conifer forest and that of serum from subjects who were walking in a forest were found to be similar each other. The amounts of α-pinene in the subjects became several folds higher after forest walking...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Lee Chuin Chen
In a tutorial paper on the application of free-jet technique for API-MS, John Fenn mentioned that "…for a number of years and a number of reasons, it has been found advantageous in many situations to carry out the ionization process in gas at pressures up to 1000 Torr or more" (Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 200: 459-478, 2000). In fact, the first ESI mass spectrometer constructed by Yamashita and Fenn had a counter-flow curtain gas source at 1050 Torr (ca. 1.4 atm) to sweep away the neutral (J. Phys. Chem. 88: 4451-4459, 1984)...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Yuki Sugiura, Kurara Honda, Makoto Suematsu
In vivo concentrations of cellular signaling mediators such as inflammatory mediators are normally maintained at very low levels due to their strong ability to induce a biological response. The production, diffusion, and decomposition of such mediators are spatio-temporally regulated. Therefore, in order to understand biochemical basis of disease progression and develop new therapeutic strategies, it is important to understand the spatiotemporal dynamics of the signaling mediators in vivo, during the progression of disorders, e...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Kazuki Yamamoto, Yoko Chikaoka, Gosuke Hayashi, Ryosuke Sakamoto, Ryuji Yamamoto, Akira Sugiyama, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Akimitsu Okamoto, Takeshi Kawamura
Mass spectrometric proteomics is an effective approach for identifying and quantifying histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) and their binding proteins, especially in the cases of methylation and acetylation. However, another vital PTM, phosphorylation, tends to be poorly quantified because it is easily lost and inefficiently ionized. In addition, PTM binding proteins for phosphorylation are sometimes resistant to identification because of their variable binding affinities. Here, we present our efforts to improve the sensitivity of detection of histone H4 tail peptide phosphorylated at serine 1 (H4S1ph) and our successful identification of an H4S1ph binder candidate by means of a chemical proteomics approach...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Shun Kumano, Masuyuki Sugiyama, Masuyoshi Yamada, Kazushige Nishimura, Hideki Hasegawa, Hidetoshi Morokuma, Hiroyuki Inoue, Yuichiro Hashimoto
We previously reported on the development of a portable mass spectrometer for the onsite screening of illicit drugs, but our previous sampling system could only be used for liquid samples. In this study, we report on an attempt to develop a probe heating method that also permits solid samples to be analyzed using a portable mass spectrometer. An aluminum rod is used as the sampling probe. The powdered sample is affixed to the sampling probe or a droplet of sample solution is placed on the tip of the probe and dried...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Yuko Fukuyama
Matrices are necessary materials for ionizing analytes in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). The choice of a matrix appropriate for each analyte controls the analyses. Thus, in some cases, development or improvement of matrices can become a tool for solving problems. This paper reviews MALDI matrix research that the author has conducted in the recent decade. It describes glycopeptide, carbohydrate, or phosphopeptide analyses using 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHB), 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidinium (TMG) salts of p-coumaric acid (CA) (G3CA), 3-aminoquinoline (3-AQ)/α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) (3-AQ/CHCA) or 3-AQ/CA and gengeral peptide, peptide containing disulfide bonds or hydrophobic peptide analyses using butylamine salt of CHCA (CHCAB), 1,5-diaminonaphthalene (1,5-DAN), octyl 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate (alkylated dihydroxybenzoate, ADHB), or 1-(2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)octan-1-one (alkylated trihydroxyacetophenone, ATHAP)...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Tairo Ogura, Takeshi Bamba, Akihiro Tai, Eiichiro Fukusaki
Owing to biotransformation, xenobiotics are often found in conjugated form in biological samples such as urine and plasma. Liquid chromatography coupled with accurate mass spectrometry with multistage collision-induced dissociation provides spectral information concerning these metabolites in complex materials. Unfortunately, compound databases typically do not contain a sufficient number of records for such conjugates. We report here on the development of a novel protocol, referred to as ChemProphet, to annotate compounds, including conjugates, using compound databases such as PubChem and ChemSpider...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Kanae Teramoto, Mitsuo Suga, Takafumi Sato, Takayuki Wada, Atsushi Yamamoto, Nagatoshi Fujiwara
Mycolic acids (MAs) are characteristic components of bacteria in the suborder Corynebacterineae, such as Mycobacterium. MAs are categorized into subclasses based on their functional bases (cyclopropane ring, methoxy, keto, and epoxy group). Since MAs have heterogeneity among bacterial species, analyzing of MAs are required in the chemotaxonomic field. However, their structural analysis is not easy because of their long carbon-chain lengths and several functional groups. In this study, total fatty acid (FA) methyl ester (ME) fraction of M...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Shoji Kakuta, Toshiyuki Yamashita, Shin Nishiumi, Masaru Yoshida, Eiichiro Fukusaki, Takeshi Bamba
A dynamic headspace extraction method (DHS) with high-pressure injection is described. This dynamic extraction method has superior sensitivity to solid phase micro extraction, SPME and is capable of extracting the entire gas phase by purging the headspace of a vial. Optimization of the DHS parameters resulted in a highly sensitive volatile profiling system with the ability to detect various volatile components including alcohols at nanogram levels. The average LOD for a standard volatile mixture was 0.50 ng mL(-1), and the average LOD for alcohols was 0...
2015: Mass Spectrometry
Chia-Hsien Chang, Tsung-Yi Chen, Yu-Chie Chen
Microfluidic chips have been used as platforms for a diversity of research purposes such as for separation and micro-reaction. One of the suitable detectors for microfluidic chip is mass spectrometry. Because microfluidic chips are generally operated in an open air condition, mass spectrometry coupled with atmospheric pressure ion sources can suit the requirement with minimum compromise. In this study, we develop a new interface to couple a microfluidic chip with mass spectrometry. A capillary tip coated with a layer of graphite, capable of absorbing energy of near-infrared (NIR) light is used to interface microfluidic chip with mass spectrometry...
2014: Mass Spectrometry
Kent J Gillig, Chung-Hsuan Chen
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) as a stand-alone technique has become increasingly important for applications in security, defense, and environmental monitoring, and also in biological applications such as molecular structure and -omic analysis when combined with mass spectrometry. Yet, the majority of these devices are drift cell based and limited by low duty cycles because of ion gating. Differential Mobility Analyzers (DMAs) are attractive alternatives due to their continuous ion transmission and success in analyzing aerosol particles in real time environmental tests...
2014: Mass Spectrometry
Xianglei Kong, Zhaiyi Huo, Wei Zhai
Chiral recognition of d- and l-amino acids is achieved by a method combining electrospray ionization (ESI) and in-source collision-induced dissociation (CID) mass spectrometry (MS). Trimeric cluster ions [Cu(II)(A)(ref)2-H](+) are formed by ESI of mixtures of d- or l-analyte amino acid (A), chiral reference (ref) and CuSO4. By increasing the applied voltage in the ESI source region, the trimeric ions become unstable and dissociate progressively. Thus chiral differentiation of the analyte can be achieved by comparing the dependence of their relative intensities to a reference ion on applied voltages...
2014: Mass Spectrometry
Eddy Wing Yin Ng, Hugh Simon Lam, Pak Cheung Ng, Terence Chuen Wai Poon
Parallel Fragmentation Monitoring (PFM), which is an analogue of selected reaction monitoring (SRM), is a recently developed method for quantification of small molecules by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry (MS). It is well known that isobaric interference substances can be occasionally present in complex biological samples, and affect the accuracy of measurement by SRM. Unfortunately, by design it is not possible to assess whether isobaric interference happens in a SRM analysis. In contrast, the unique design of PFM should allow quick inspection for isobaric interference and subsequent correction...
2014: Mass Spectrometry
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