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Obstetrics & Gynecology Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896263/complete-vaginal-outlet-stenosis-in-a-patient-with-sheehan-s-syndrome
#1
Minji Choo, Hana Park, Kyong Wook Yi
We present a case of complete vaginal stenosis in a woman diagnosed with Sheehan's syndrome. The patient delivered at full-term 5 months prior, and experienced massive postpartum bleeding at that time. During evaluation of persistent amenorrhea, we found that her vaginal orifice was completely adhesive and obstructed. Prior to corrective surgery, we managed the patient with an oral contraceptive to induce uterine bleeding into the vaginal outflow tract. After three cycles of an oral contraceptive, we could confirm that there was no stenotic lesion in the vaginal cavity as a hematocolpos was created...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896262/uterine-arteriovenous-malformation-with-positive-serum-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-embolization-of-both-uterine-arteries-and-extra-uterine-feeding-arteries
#2
Su Mi Kim, Hee Young Ahn, Min Jeong Choi, Yun Dan Kang, Jin Wan Park, Choong Hak Park, Jong Soo Kim
The incidence of uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare. However, it is clinically significant in that it can cause life-threatening vaginal bleeding. We report a case of a large uterine AVM with positive serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin. A presumptive diagnosis was made; a uterine AVM accompanied by, early pregnancy or retained product of conception. Because this uterine AVM was extensive, transcatheter arterial embolization of both uterine arteries and extra-uterine feeding arteries was performed...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896261/giant-invasive-mole-presenting-as-a-cause-of-abdominopelvic-mass-in-a-perimenopausal-woman-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-rare-pathology
#3
Alpaslan Akyol, Memet Şimşek, Özlem Üçer
Invasive mole is a benign gestational trophoblastic disease that arises from the myometrial invasion of any gestational event via direct extension through tissue or vascular structures. Invasive mole (and other gestational trophoblastic diseases) may present with life-threatening complications including uterine perforation, excessive bleeding, acute hemoperitoneum, and abdominal pain. We report a case of invasive mole presenting as abdominal distention in a 51-year-old perimenopausal woman (gravida 12, para 12, abortion 0)...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896260/a-case-of-prenatally-diagnosed-extrapulmonary-arteriovenous-malformation-associated-with-a-complex-heart-defect
#4
Ba-Da Jeong, Hye-Sung Won, Suah An, Ji Yeon Kim, Mi-Young Lee, Eun Na Kim, Jung-Sun Kim, Chong Jai Kim
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are rare vascular anomalies of the lung, only a few cases of which have been diagnosed prenatally. The diagnostic clue for prenatal diagnosis was cardiomegaly with a particularly enlarged left atrium. All previous cases of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations diagnosed prenatally have been reported as an isolated anomaly or in association with simple heart defects. We here describe the first case of a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation with a complex heart defect that was diagnosed prenatally at 21...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896259/prenatal-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-twin-anemia-polycythemia-sequence-and-postnatal-examination-of-placental-vascular-anastomoses
#5
Jin Young Bae, Jin Ju Oh, Seong Yeon Hong
Twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is characterized by a wide discrepancy of hemoglobin between two monochorionic fetuses without sign of twin oligo-polyhydramnios sequence. A primiparous woman with monochorionic diamniotic twin transferred for preterm labor. Ultrasonographic evaluation at 32+3 weeks of gestation revealed increased middle cerebral artery-peak systolic velocity (77.4 cm/sec, 1.69 multiples of median) in donor and decreased in recipient twin (36.4 cm/sec, 0.79 multiples of median), the twin was diagnosed with TAPS...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896258/secondary-abdominal-pregnancy-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-woman
#6
Myoung Chan Kim, Hudson Manyanga, Flora Lwakatare
We report on an abdominal pregnancy in human immunodeficiency virus-positive mother, currently on antiretroviral therapy, which was discovered incidentally while training the obstetric ultrasound capacity building program. Although abdominal pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, it may be more common in women with HIV infection because they tend to have a higher rate of sexually transmitted diseases than the general population. The positive diagnosis of abdominal pregnancy is difficult to establish and is usually missed during prenatal assessment particularly in settings that lack routine ultrasound examination as is the case in most developing countries...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896257/a-case-of-spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-by-uterine-vessel-rupture-in-pregnancy
#7
Jeong Hui Jang, Kyu-Sang Kyeong, Seolmin Lee, Seung-Hwa Hong, Ilwoon Ji, Eun-Hwan Jeong
A 27-year-old pregnant woman, para 1, was transferred to our hospital at 29+3 weeks of gestation complaining of abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with hemoperitoneum based on ultrasonography. An emergency laparotomy was performed, and the bleeding was confirmed to be caused by ruptured surface blood vessels on the uterine fundus. Hemostasis with compression was successfully performed to sustain the pregnancy, and the patient delivered a full-term baby. Spontaneous hemoperitoneum during pregnancy caused by rupture of uterine blood vessels is very rare...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896256/comparative-analysis-of-outcome-between-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgical-repair-for-vesico-vaginal-fistula
#8
Bastab Ghosh, Varun Wats, Dilip Kumar Pal
OBJECTIVE: Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) causes detrimental psychosomatic effects on a woman. It is repaired using open abdominal as well as laparoscopic approach. Here we compare a series of open versus laparoscopic VVF repairs done at a single centre. METHODS: Retrospectively data of patients undergoing VVF repair in our department between January 2011 to December 2014 was analyzed. Patients who had a single, primary, simple VVF following a gynaecological surgery were included in the study...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896255/recent-trends-in-contraceptive-use-among-korean-adolescents-results-from-a-nationwide-survey-from-year-2013-to-2015
#9
Soo Hyun Lim, Hae In Jang, Dong-Yun Lee, Byung-Koo Yoon, Doo-Seok Choi
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the recent trends in contraceptive use among Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data reviewed were from the 2013-2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which is a stratified, multistage-sampling designed online-based research project performed annually by the Korean government to ensure a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescence. Eight questions related to the topic of contraception were reviewed for the outcome variables...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896254/laparoscopic-tube-preserving-surgical-procedures-for-ectopic-tubal-pregnancy
#10
Taejong Song, Dong Hee Lee, Hwa Cheung Kim, Seok Ju Seong
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with laparoscopic tube-preserving surgery for ectopic tubal pregnancy and evaluate its feasibility and efficacy. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 57 consecutive patients with ectopic tubal pregnancies undergoing laparoscopic tube-preserving procedures including salpingotomy, salpingostomy, segmental resection and reanastomosis, and fimbrial milking. The outcome measures were treatment success rates and homolateral patency rates...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896253/study-of-dienogest-for-dysmenorrhea-and-pelvic-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#11
Soo Ah Kim, Mi Jung Um, Han Kyoung Kim, Suk Jin Kim, Seo Ju Moon, Hyuk Jung
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of orally administered dienogest (DNG) for dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain associated with endometriosis. METHODS: For this study we recruited 89 patients with dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain associated with endometriosis diagnosed by laparoscopy. All patients complained of persistent dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain despite surgical treatment 6 months previously. After 6 months of DNG treatment, we used a 0 to 3 point verbal rating scale to measure the severity of disability in daily life due to dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain, and the use of analgesics...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896252/association-between-serum-gonadotropin-level-and-insulin-resistance-related-parameters-in-korean-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#12
Chan-Hong Park, Sungwook Chun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between serum gonadotropin level and parameters related to insulin resistance in Korean women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This retrospective study included 138 women aged 18 to 35 years who were newly diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam consensus. Participants were divided into three groups based on the serum luteinizing hormone to follicle-stimulating hormone (LH/FSH) ratio in the early follicular phase: group 1 (LH/FSH <1), group 2 (1...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896251/combined-sybr-green-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-microarray-method-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-human-papillomavirus-loads-and-genotypes
#13
Hyun Hee Seo, Young Jun Kim, Mi Seon Jeong, Sung Ran Hong, In Ho Lee, Kyeong A So, Mi-Kyung Kim, Yoo Kyung Lee, Ki Heon Lee, Juree Kim, Sung Jae Kim, Tae Jin Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the principle of the Cheil HPV DNA Chip assay and evaluate its accuracy. In order to quantify the human papillomavirus (HPV) load and identify HPV genotypes simultaneously, this assay combined the two methods: SYBR Green quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA microarray. METHODS: We designed novel consensus primer sets that target the conserved region of the HPV L1 gene for quantifying and detecting a broad range of HPV types by quantitative real-time PCR...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896250/clinical-efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy
#14
Ye-Kyu Park, Choong-Hak Park
OBJECTIVE: The management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and early invasive cancer of the uterine cervix is very difficult to approach, especially in case of young woman who wants to preserve her fertility. Conization of the cervix may have various kinds of disadvantage. The objective of this clinical retrospective study is to investigate the therapeutic effects and clinical efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) including combined chemo-photodynamic therapy in patients with pre-malignant CIN and malignant invasive cervical cancer...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896249/glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-and-cyclin-d1-expression-in-cervical-carcinogenesis
#15
Hyunsoo Park, Myunghwa Lee, Dae Woon Kim, Seo Yoo Hong, Hojung Lee
OBJECTIVE: Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) is a pluripotent protein kinase involved in the development of cancers through regulation of numerous oncogenic molecules. Cyclin D1, an important regulator of G1 to S phase transition in various cells, is one of target proteins that GSK3β regulate. Our objective was to assess the expression of GSK3β and cyclin D1 in cervical neoplasm of different histologic grades and to identify their correlation in cervical carcinogenesis. METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis of GSK3β and cyclin D1 was performed in a total of 137 patients with 12 normal, 62 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) (31 CIN1 and 31 CIN3) and 63 invasive cancers including 56 squamous cell carcinomas and 7 adenocarcinomas...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896248/uterine-artery-pulsatility-index-in-hypertensive-pregnancies-when-does-the-index-normalize-in-the-puerperium
#16
Seung Mi Lee, Jong Kwan Jun, Su Jin Sung, Sung Il Choo, Jeong Yeon Cho, Hye Jin Yang, Chan-Wook Park, Joong Shin Park, Hee Chul Syn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA PI) of hypertensive pregnancies is higher than that of normal pregnancies in the puerperium, as well as in the antepartum period. METHODS: The UtA PI was measured in hypertensive (group 1) and normal pregnancies (group 2) during antepartum, immediate postpartum or late postpartum periods. Using the transvaginal approach, the bilateral uterine artery indices were measured. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two women were enrolled: group 1, hypertensive disease in pregnancy (11 cases in antepartum, 13 cases in immediate postpartum and 10 cases in late postpartum period); group 2, normal pregnancies (32 cases in antepartum, 29 cases in immediate postpartum and 27 cases in late postpartum)...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896247/uterine-rupture-in-pregnancies-following-myomectomy-a-multicenter-case-series
#17
Hee-Sun Kim, Soo-Young Oh, Suk-Joo Choi, Hyun-Soo Park, Geum-Joon Cho, Jin-Hoon Chung, Yong-Soo Seo, Sun-Young Jung, Jung-Eun Kim, Su-Hyun Chae, Han-Sung Hwang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case series was to retrospectively examine records of cases with uterine rupture in pregnancies following myomectomy and to describe the clinical features and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This study was conducted as a multicenter case series. The patient databases at 7 tertiary hospitals were queried. Records of patients with a diagnosis of uterine rupture in the pregnancy following myomectomy between January 2012 and December 2014 were retrospectively collected...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896246/quantitative-fluorescent-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-rapid-prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-aneuploidies-in-chorionic-villus-sampling-in-a-single-institution
#18
You Jung Shin, Jin Hoon Chung, Do Jin Kim, Hyun Mee Ryu, Moon Young Kim, Jung Yeol Han, June Seek Choi
OBJECTIVE: To validate quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) via chorionic villus sampling (CVS) for the diagnosis of fetal aneuploidies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of consecutive pregnant women who had undergone CVS at Cheil General Hospital between December 2009 and June 2014. Only cases with reported QF-PCR before long-term culture (LTC) for conventional cytogenetic analysis were included, and the results of these two methods were compared...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896245/differences-in-clinical-presentation-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-antepartum-preeclampsia-and-new-onset-postpartum-preeclampsia-are-these-the-same-disorder
#19
Gustavo Vilchez, Luis R Hoyos, Jocelyn Leon-Peters, Moraima Lagos, Pedro Argoti
OBJECTIVE: New-onset postpartum preeclampsia is a poorly defined condition that accounts for a significant percentage of eclampsia cases. It is unclear whether new-onset postpartum preeclampsia is a different disorder from or belongs to the same spectrum of classic antepartum preeclampsia. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical presentation and pregnancy outcomes of antepartum preeclampsia and new-onset postpartum preeclampsia. METHODS: A retrospective study including 92 patients with antepartum preeclampsia and 92 patients with new-onset postpartum preeclampsia was performed...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896244/adaptive-responses-of-cardiac-function-to-fetal-postural-change-as-gestational-age-increases
#20
Woo Jin Kim, Hye Jin Choi, Sun Young Yang, Boo Hae Koo, Ki Hoon Ahn, Geum Joon Cho, Soon Cheol Hong, Min-Jeong Oh, Hai-Joong Kim
OBJECTIVE: The cardiovascular system maintains homeostasis through a series of adaptive responses to physiological requirements. However, little is known about the adaptation of fetal cardiac function to gravity, according to gestational age. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the adaptive responses of cardiac function to postural changes, using Tei index measurements. METHODS: Fetal echocardiography and Doppler examination were performed on 114 women with vertex singleton pregnancies at 19 to 40 weeks' gestation...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
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