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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876422/validation-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-igds9-sf-in-an-italian-speaking-sample
#1
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D Griffiths, Maria Sinatra
Background and aims The inclusion of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) in Section III of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has increased the interest of researchers in the development of new standardized psychometric tools for the assessment of such a disorder. To date, the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale - Short-Form (IGDS9-SF) has only been validated in English, Portuguese, and Slovenian languages. Therefore, the aim of this investigation was to examine the psychometric properties of the IGDS9-SF in an Italian-speaking sample...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842448/the-relationship-between-study-addiction-and-work-addiction-a-cross-cultural-longitudinal-study
#2
Paweł A Atroszko, Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D Griffiths, Ståle Pallesen
Aims Recent empirical studies investigating "study addiction" have conceptualized it as a behavioral addiction, defined within the framework of work addiction. This study is the first attempt to examine the longitudinal relationship between study addiction and work addiction. Methods The Bergen Study Addiction Scale (BStAS), the Bergen Work Addiction Scale (BWAS), and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory were administered online together with questions concerning demographics and study-related variables in two waves...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838919/proactive-coping-and-gambling-disorder-among-young-men
#3
Pawel Sleczka, Barbara Braun, Bettina Grüne, Gerhard Bühringer, Ludwig Kraus
Objectives Male sex, young age, and frequent gambling are considered as risk factors for gambling disorder (GD) and stress might be one of the triggers of gambling behavior among problem gamblers. Conversely, well-developed coping with stress might counteract gambling problems. The Proactive Coping Theory provides a promising approach for the further development of preventive and treatment measures. The objective of the study was to investigate different facets of proactive coping (PC) in young male gamblers...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829288/co-occurring-substance-related-and-behavioral-addiction-problems-a-person-centered-lay-epidemiology-approach
#4
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, David C Hodgins, T Cameron Wild
Background and aims The aims of this study were (a) to describe the prevalence of single versus multiple addiction problems in a large representative sample and (b) to identify distinct subgroups of people experiencing substance-related and behavioral addiction problems. Methods A random sample of 6,000 respondents from Alberta, Canada, completed survey items assessing self-attributed problems experienced in the past year with four substances (alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and cocaine) and six behaviors (gambling, eating, shopping, sex, video gaming, and work)...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826998/reward-and-punishment-sensitivity-in-women-with-gambling-disorder-or-compulsive-buying-implications-in-treatment-outcome
#5
Gemma Mestre-Bach, Roser Granero, Trevor Steward, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Marta Baño, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Zaida Agüera, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Laura Moragas, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Carles Soriano-Mas, Juan Francisco Navas, José C Perales, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Background and aims Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory has been widely applied to different clinical populations, but few studies have reported empirical evidence based on this theory for treatment outcomes in patients with gambling disorder (GD) and compulsive buying (CB). The aims of this study were to explore the association between clinical variables and personality traits with reward and punishment sensitivity (RPS) levels in women (n = 88) who met diagnostic criteria for GD (n = 61) and CB (n = 27), and to determine the predictive capacity of RPS for primary short-term outcomes in a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826991/targeted-exome-sequencing-for-the-identification-of-a-protective-variant-against-internet-gaming-disorder-at-rs2229910-of-neurotrophic-tyrosine-kinase-receptor-type-3-ntrk3-a-pilot-study
#6
Jeong-Yu Kim, Jo-Eun Jeong, Je-Keun Rhee, Hyun Cho, Ji-Won Chun, Tae-Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Jung-Seok Choi, Dai-Jin Kim
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has gained recognition as a potential new diagnosis in the fifth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, but genetic evidence supporting this disorder remains scarce. Methods In this study, targeted exome sequencing was conducted in 30 IGD patients and 30 control subjects with a focus on genes linked to various neurotransmitters associated with substance and non-substance addictions, depression, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784182/the-effects-of-sexually-explicit-material-use-on-romantic-relationship-dynamics
#7
Jenny Minarcik, Chad T Wetterneck, Mary B Short
Background and aims Pornography use has become increasingly common. Studies have shown that individuals who use sexually explicit materials (SEMs) report negative effects (Schneider, 2000b). However, Bridges (2008b) found that couples who use SEM together have higher relationship satisfaction than those who use SEM independently. A further investigation into various types of SEM use in relationships may highlight how SEM is related to various areas of couple satisfaction. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to examine the impact of SEM use related to different relationship dynamics...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784181/barriers-to-female-sex-addiction-treatment-in-the-uk
#8
Manpreet K Dhuffar, Mark D Griffiths
Background Over the last 20 years, behavioral addictions (e.g., addictions to gambling, playing video games, work, etc.) have become more accepted among both public and scientific communities. Addiction to sex is arguably a more controversial issue, but this does not take away from the fact that some individuals seek professional help for problematic excessive sex, irrespective of how the behavior is conceptualized. Empirical evidence suggests that among treatment seekers, men are more likely than women to seek help for sex addiction (SA)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784180/problem-gambling-worldwide-an-update-and-systematic-review-of-empirical-research-2000-2015
#9
Filipa Calado, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Problem gambling has been identified as an emergent public health issue, and there is a need to identify gambling trends and to regularly update worldwide gambling prevalence rates. This paper aims to review recent research on adult gambling and problem gambling (since 2000) and then, in the context of a growing liberalization of the gambling market in the European Union, intends to provide a more detailed analysis of adult gambling behavior across European countries. Methods A systematic literature search was carried out using academic databases, Internet, and governmental websites...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776420/using-two-web-based-addiction-stroops-to-measure-the-attentional-bias-in-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#10
Franziska Jeromin, Winfrief Rief, Antonia Barke
Background and aims People with substance abuse and pathological gamblers show an attentional bias. In a laboratory setting, we found an attentional bias using an addiction Stroop in adults with Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). We aimed at investigating this effect using two web-based experiments. Methods Study 1: Gamers with IGD, casual gamers, and non-gamers (N = 81, 28.1 ± 7.8 years) completed a web-based addiction Stroop with a fully randomized word order. They saw computer-related and neutral words in four colors and indicated the word color via keypress...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774813/cognitive-distortions-and-adhd-in-pathological-gambling-a-national-longitudinal-case-control-cohort-study
#11
Lucia Romo, Cindy Legauffre, Alice Guilleux, Marc Valleur, David Magalon, Mélina Fatséas, Isabelle Chéreau-Boudet, Amandine Luquiens, Jean-Luc Vénisse, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju
Introduction The primary outcome of our study was to assess the links between the level of cognitive distortions and the severity of gambling disorder. We also aimed at assessing the links between patient gambling trajectories and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Materials and methods The study population (n = 628) was comprised of problem and non-problem gamblers of both sexes between 18 and 65 years of age, who reported gambling on at least one occasion during the previous year. Data encompassed socio-demographic characteristics, gambling habits, the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Gambling Attitudes and Beliefs Survey - 23, the Wender Utah Rating Scale - Child, and the Adult ADHD Self-report Scale...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774812/characteristics-of-self-identified-sexual-addicts-in-a-behavioral-addiction-outpatient-clinic
#12
Aline Wéry, Kim Vogelaere, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, François-Xavier Poudat, Julie Caillon, Delphine Lever, Joël Billieux, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background and aims Research on sexual addiction flourished during the last decade, promoted by the development of an increased number of online sexual activities. Despite the accumulation of studies, however, evidence collected in clinical samples of treatment-seeking people remains scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics (socio-demographics, sexual habits, and comorbidities) of self-identified "sexual addicts." Methods The sample was composed of 72 patients who consulted an outpatient treatment center regarding their sexual behaviors...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599673/chaos-and-confusion-in-dsm-5-diagnosis-of-internet-gaming-disorder-issues-concerns-and-recommendations-for-clarity-in-the-field
#13
Daria J Kuss, Mark D Griffiths, Halley M Pontes
Background The umbrella term "Internet addiction" has been criticized for its lack of specificity given the heterogeneity of potentially problematic behaviors that can be engaged in online as well as different underlying etiological mechanisms. This has led to the naming of specific online addictions, the most notable being Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). Methods Using the contemporary literature concerning IGD and cognate topics, issues and concerns relating to the concept of IGD are examined. Results Internet addiction and IGD are not the same, and distinguishing between the two is conceptually meaningful...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677350/types-of-gambling-and-levels-of-harm-a-uk-study-to-assess-severity-of-presentation-in-a-treatment-seeking-population
#14
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Vittorio Lutri, Neil Smith, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
Background and aim Previous international research emphasized that some forms of gambling are more "addictive" than others. More recently, research has shown that we should shift our attention from the type of gambling activity to the level of involvement in a number of different gambling activities. The aim of our study was to verify whether a higher Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) score was associated with particular gambling activities and evaluate the impact of involvement on gambling behavior. Methods A total of 736 treatment-seeking individuals with gambling disorder were assessed at the National Problem Gambling Clinic in London...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677325/response-to-cognitive-impulsivity-and-the-behavioral-addiction-model-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-abramovitch-and-mckay-2016
#15
Giacomo Grassi, Martjin Figee, Paolo Stratta, Alessandro Rossi, Stefano Pallanti
In our recently published article, we investigated the behavioral addiction model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), by assessing three core dimensions of addiction in patients with OCD healthy participants. Similar to the common findings in addiction, OCD patients demonstrated increased impulsivity, risky decision-making, and biased probabilistic reasoning compared to healthy controls. Thus, we concluded that these results support the conceptualization of OCD as a disorder of behavioral addiction. Here, we answer to Abramovitch and McKay (2016) commentary on our paper and we support our conclusions by explaining how cognitive impulsivity is also a typical feature of addiction and how our results on decision-making and probabilistic reasoning tasks reflect cognitive impulsivity facets that are consistently replicated in OCD and addiction...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670713/observable-indicators-and-behaviors-for-the-identification-of-problem-gamblers-in-venue-environments
#16
Paul Delfabbro, Anna Thomas, Andrew Armstrong
Background and aims In many jurisdictions, where gambling services are provided, regulatory codes require gambling operators to apply a duty of care toward patrons. A common feature of these provisions is some expectation that venue staff identify and assist patrons who might be experiencing problems with their gambling. The effectiveness of such measures is, however, predicated on the assumption that there are reliable and observable indicators that might be used to allow problem gamblers to be distinguished from other gamblers...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648744/gambling-disorders-gambling-type-preferences-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-among-the-thai-general-population-results-of-the-2013-national-mental-health-survey
#17
Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Edward B McNeil, Nopporn Tantirangsee, Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon
Background and aims To estimate the prevalence of problem and pathological gambling, gender and age-group differences in gambling types, and comorbidities with other psychiatric disorders among the Thai general population. Methods Analysis was conducted on 4,727 participants of Thailand's 2013 National Mental Health Survey, a multistage stratified cluster survey, using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Diagnoses of problem and pathological gambling and other psychiatric disorders were based on the DSM-IV-TR criteria with the following additional criteria for gamblers: more than 10 lifetime gambling episodes and a single year loss of at least 365 USD from gambling...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648743/the-cost-of-virtual-wins-an-examination-of-gambling-related-risks-in-youth-who-spend-money-on-social-casino-games
#18
Daniel L King, Alex Russell, Sally Gainsbury, Paul H Delfabbro, Nerilee Hing
Background and aims Social casino games (SCGs) are not technically considered a form of gambling but they do enable players to spend money in a game that is gambling themed or structurally approximate to gambling. It has been theorized that SCGs could be a gateway to gambling activities or otherwise normalize the experience of gambling for young people, particularly when money becomes involved. The aim of this study was to investigate whether adolescents' financial expenditure in SCGs was associated with broader gambling activity, including level of participation, expenditure, and problem gambling symptoms...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640529/treatments-for-compulsive-buying-a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-effectiveness-and-progression-of-the-outcome-evidence
#19
Ben Hague, Jo Hall, Stephen Kellett
Background and aims This review appraises the progression and status of the evidence base for the treatment of compulsive buying disorder (CBD), in order to highlight what currently works and to prompt useful future research. Methods Online databases ISI Web of Knowledge, PsycINFO, and PubMed via Ovid were searched at two time points. Two quality checklists and an established model of therapy evaluation (hourglass model) evaluated the quality and progression of both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy treatments for CBD...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599674/smartphone-use-can-be-addictive-a-case-report
#20
Attila Körmendi, Zita Brutóczki, Bianka Petra Végh, Rita Székely
Background and aims The use of mobile phones has become an integral part of everyday life. Young people in particular can be observed using their smartphones constantly, and they not only make or receive calls but also use different applications or just tap touch screens for several minutes at a time. The opportunities provided by smartphones are attractive, and the cumulative time of using smartphones per day is very high for many people, so the question arises whether we can really speak of a mobile phone addiction? In this study, our aim is to describe and analyze a possible case of smartphone addiction...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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