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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895185/therapist-delivered-and-self-help-interventions-for-gambling-problems-a-review-of-contents
#1
Simone Rodda, Stephanie S Merkouris, Charles Abraham, David C Hodgins, Sean Cowlishaw, Nicki A Dowling
Background and aims To date, no systematic approach to identifying the content and characteristics of psychological interventions used to reduce gambling or problem gambling has been developed. This study aimed to develop a reliable classification system capable of identifying intervention characteristics that could, potentially, account for greater or lesser effectiveness. Methods Intervention descriptions were content analyzed to identify common and differentiating characteristics. A coder manual was developed and applied by three independent coders to identify the presence or absence of defined characteristics in 46 psychological and self-help gambling interventions...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895184/precise-estimates-of-gaming-related-harm-should-guide-regulation-of-gaming
#2
Vladan Starcevic, Joël Billieux
Regulation of gaming is largely based on the perception of gaming-related harm. This perception varies from one country to another and does not necessarily correspond to the real gaming-related harm. It is argued that there is a crucial need to define and assess domains of this harm in order to introduce policies that regulate gaming. Such policies would ideally be targeted at individuals at risk for problematic gaming and would be based more on educational efforts than on restrictive measures. The role of gaming industry in the regulation of gaming would depend on the more precise estimates of gaming-related harm...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895183/is-smartphone-addiction-really-an-addiction
#3
Tayana Panova, Xavier Carbonell
Aims In light of the rise in research on technological addictions and smartphone addiction in particular, the aim of this paper was to review the relevant literature on the topic of smartphone addiction and determine whether this disorder exists or if it does not adequately satisfy the criteria for addiction. Methods We reviewed quantitative and qualitative studies on smartphone addiction and analyzed their methods and conclusions to make a determination on the suitability of the diagnosis "addiction" to excessive and problematic smartphone use...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895182/promoting-educational-classification-treatment-and-policy-initiatives
#4
Mateusz Gola, Marc N Potenza
The letter by Kraus et al. (2018) published recently in World Psychiatry presents diagnostic criteria for compulsive sexual behaviors (CSBs). Here, we discuss the potential impact of including CSB disorder in ICD-11 for four areas: educational efforts related to CSB (for both clinicians and patients), investigation of underlying mechanisms and subtypes, development of personalized treatment frameworks, and answering socially important questions and advancing important prevention efforts and effective policies...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877725/ontological-addiction-theory-attachment-to-me-mine-and-i
#5
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Sofiane Diouri, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Yasuhiro Kotera, Mark D Griffiths
Background Ontological addiction theory (OAT) is a novel metaphysical model of psychopathology and posits that human beings are prone to forming implausible beliefs concerning the way they think they exist, and that these beliefs can become addictive leading to functional impairments and mental illness. The theoretical underpinnings of OAT derive from the Buddhist philosophical perspective that all phenomena, including the self, do not manifest inherently or independently. Aims and methods This paper outlines the theoretical foundations of OAT along with indicative supportive empirical evidence from studies evaluating meditation awareness training as well as studies investigating non-attachment, emptiness, compassion, and loving-kindness...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865868/-pornographic-binges-as-a-key-characteristic-of-males-seeking-treatment-for-compulsive-sexual-behaviors-qualitative-and-quantitative-10-week-long-diary-assessment
#6
Małgorzata Wordecha, Mateusz Wilk, Ewelina Kowalewska, Maciej Skorko, Adam Łapiński, Mateusz Gola
Background and aims Compulsive sexual behaviors (CSBs) are an important clinical and social issue. Despite the increasing number of studies, some of CSB's aspects remain under-investigated. Here, we explore the nature of CSB, such as binge pornography use and masturbation (PuM), and verify the correspondence between self-perceived factors leading to such behavior with its measures obtained in a diary assessment. Methods Semi-structuralized interviews with nine treatment-seeking males aged 22-37 years (M = 31...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865867/eeg-correlates-associated-with-the-severity-of-gambling-disorder-and-serum-bdnf-levels-in-patients-with-gambling-disorder
#7
Kyoung Min Kim, Sam-Wook Choi, Jaewon Lee, Jun Won Kim
Background and aims This study aimed to evaluate the association between the severity of pathological gambling, serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level, and the characteristics of quantitative electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with gambling disorder. Methods A total of 55 male patients aged 18-65 with gambling disorder participated. The severity of pathological gambling was assessed with the nine-item Problem Gambling Severity Index from the Canadian Problem Gambling Index (CPGI-PGSI). The Beck Depression Inventory and Lubben Social Network Scale were also assessed...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865866/prevalence-risk-factors-and-psychosocial-adjustment-of-problematic-gambling-in-adolescents-results-from-two-representative-german-samples
#8
Sebastián Giralt, Kai W Müller, Manfred E Beutel, Michael Dreier, Eva Duven, Klaus Wölfling
Background and aims Gambling disorder is a significant public health concern. Especially, male minors have been shown to gamble in a problematic way, despite legal prohibitions. Methods We examined representative samples of students aged from 12 to 18 years (N = 9,309) in two German federal states to provide prevalence data and clinical description of risk factors for problematic gambling. Results We found that about 40% of the adolescents reported engaging in gambling activities within the past 12 months and found prevalence rates of 1...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865865/social-implications-of-children-s-smartphone-addiction-the-role-of-support-networks-and-social-engagement
#9
Jennifer Ihm
Background and aims Most studies have regarded smartphone addiction as a condition stemming from individuals' psychological issues, so research has rarely examined it in relation to a lack of social resources and its social impacts. However, this study reinterprets smartphone addiction as a social problem stemming from a lack of offline social networks and resulting in a decline of social engagement. Methods This study drew on a survey of 2,000 children in Korea consisting of 991 males and 1,009 females with an average age of 12 years old...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865864/at-risk-gambling-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-prevalence-and-associated-features
#10
Annalisa Bergamini, Cesare Turrina, Francesca Bettini, Anna Toccagni, Paolo Valsecchi, Emilio Sacchetti, Antonio Vita
Background and aims The primary objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of at-risk gambling in a large, unselected sample of outpatients attending two community mental health centers, to estimate rates according to the main diagnosis, and to evaluate risk factors for gambling. Methods All patients attending the centers were evaluated with the Canadian Problem Gambling Index and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Diagnoses were checked with the treating psychiatrists and after a chart review of the university hospital discharge diagnoses...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865863/oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-co-occurrence-increases-the-risk-of-internet-addiction-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Hatice Gunes, Canan Tanidir, Hilal Adaletli, Ali Guven Kilicoglu, Caner Mutlu, Mustafa Kayhan Bahali, Melike Topal, Nurullah Bolat, Ozden Sukran Uneri
Objectives The aims of this cross-sectional study were to assess the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a clinical sample of adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to detect the moderating effects of co-occurring oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) on the association between ADHD and IA. Methods The study group comprised 119 adolescent subjects who were consecutively referred to our outpatient clinic with a diagnosis of ADHD. The Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavioral Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S) was completed by parents, and subjects were asked to complete the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846096/associations-between-the-hexaco-model-of-personality-and-gambling-involvement-motivations-to-gamble-and-gambling-severity-in-young-adult-gamblers
#12
Daniel S McGrath, Tessa Neilson, Kibeom Lee, Christina L Rash, Mandana Rad
Background and aims Substantial research has examined the role of personality in disordered gambling. The predominant model in this work has been the five-factor model (FFM) of personality. In this study, we examined the personality correlates of gambling engagement and gambling severity using a six-dimensional framework known as the HEXACO model of personality, which incorporates FFM characteristics with the addition of honesty-humility. In addition, the potential mediating role of gambling motives in the personality and gambling severity relationship was explored...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846087/motives-to-use-facebook-and-problematic-facebook-use-in-adolescents
#13
Claudia Marino, Elena Mazzieri, Gabriele Caselli, Alessio Vieno, Marcantonio M Spada
Background and aims There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that problematic Facebook use (PFU) is an emerging problem, particularly among adolescents. Although a number of motivations explaining why people engage in frequent Facebook use have been identified, less is known about the specific psychological needs underlying PFU. The aim of this study is to test a model designed to assess the unique contribution of psychological motives for using Facebook to the different PFU dimensions in a sample of adolescents...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846083/explaining-the-relation-between-pathological-gambling-and-depression-rumination-as-an-underlying-common-cause
#14
Kristian Krause, Anja Bischof, Silvia Lewin, Diana Guertler, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Ulrich John, Christian Meyer
Background and aims Symptoms of pathological gambling (SPG) and depression often co-occur. The nature of this relationship remains unclear. Rumination, which is well known to be associated with depression, might act as a common underlying factor explaining the frequent co-occurrence of both conditions. The aim of this study is to analyze associations between the rumination subfactors brooding and reflection and SPG. Methods Participants aged 14-64 years were recruited within an epidemiological study on pathological gambling in Germany...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788762/distinct-patterns-of-internet-and-smartphone-related-problems-among-adolescents-by-gender-latent-class-analysis
#15
Seung-Yup Lee, Donghwan Lee, Cho Rong Nam, Da Yea Kim, Sera Park, Jun-Gun Kwon, Yong-Sil Kweon, Youngjo Lee, Dai Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Background and objectives The ubiquitous Internet connections by smartphones weakened the traditional boundaries between computers and mobile phones. We sought to explore whether smartphone-related problems differ from those of computer use according to gender using latent class analysis (LCA). Methods After informed consents, 555 Korean middle-school students completed surveys on gaming, Internet use, and smartphone usage patterns. They also completed various psychosocial instruments. LCA was performed for the whole group and by gender...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788761/prevalence-of-gambling-related-harm-provides-evidence-for-the-prevention-paradox
#16
Matthew Browne, Matthew J Rockloff
Background The prevention paradox (PP) describes a situation in which a greater number of cases of a disease-state come from low-risk members of a population, because they are more prevalent than high-risk members. Past research has provided only tangential and disputed evidence to support the application of the PP to gambling-related harm. Aims To assess whether the PP applies to gambling, the prevalence of a large set (72) of diverse harmful consequences from gambling was examined across four risk categories for problem gambling, including no-risk, low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem-gambling...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788757/expression-of-nmda-receptor-subunits-in-human-blood-lymphocytes-a-peripheral-biomarker-in-online-computer-game-addiction
#17
Mitra-Sadat Sadat-Shirazi, Nasim Vousooghi, Bentolhoda Alizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Makki, Seyed Zeinolabedin Zarei, Shahrzad Nazari, Mohammad Reza Zarrindast
Background and aims Repeated performance of some behaviors such as playing computer games could result in addiction. The NMDA receptor is critically involved in the development of behavioral and drug addictions. It has been claimed that the expression level of neurotransmitter receptors in the brain may be reflected in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). Methods Here, using a real-time PCR method, we have investigated the mRNA expression of GluN2A, GluN2D, GluN3A, and GluN3B subunits of the NMDA receptor in PBLs of male online computer game addicts (n = 25) in comparison with normal subjects (n = 26)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788756/correlates-of-frequent-gambling-and-gambling-related-chasing-behaviors-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#18
Igor Yakovenko, Rebecca Fortgang, Jennifer Prentice, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims Published research on the relationship between disordered gambling and schizophrenia is limited. However, existing data suggest that individuals with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder may have a high prevalence of co-occurring disordered gambling. As such, effective strategies for screening and assessing gambling-related problems in individuals with psychosis are needed. The goal of this study was to explore the correlates of increased gambling frequency and chasing behavior, a hallmark feature of gambling disorder, in a sample of individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788755/gaming-under-the-influence-an-exploratory-study
#19
Kateřina Škařupová, Lukas Blinka, Adam Ťápal
Background and aims Association between substance use and excessive play of online games exists both in theory and research. However, no study to date examined playing online games under the influence of licit and illicit drugs. Methods We questioned a convenient online sample of 3,952 Czech online gamers on their experiences and motives of using caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, psychoactive pharmaceuticals, and illicit drugs while playing massive multiplayer online games (MMOGs). Results The results showed low prevalence of illicit drug use while playing online games...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788754/sleep-quality-as-a-mediator-of-problematic-smartphone-use-and-clinical-health-symptoms
#20
Xiaochun Xie, Yan Dong, Jinliang Wang
Background and aims Although smartphone use brings many benefits for adolescents, it is also associated with many serious health problems. This study examined the relationship between problematic smartphone use (PSU) and clinical health symptoms (e.g., body dysfunction) and the mediating effects of sleep quality on this relationship in adolescents. Methods Participants in this cross-sectional survey were 686 middle- and high-school students (girls = 55.7%, Mage  = 12.98 ± 1.38 years). Participants completed self-report measures of PSU, sleep quality, and physical symptoms...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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