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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316252/relationship-between-family-history-of-alcohol-addiction-parents-education-level-and-smartphone-problem-use-scale-scores
#1
Ashley Beison, David J Rademacher
Background and aims Smartphones are ubiquitous. As smartphones increased in popularity, researchers realized that people were becoming dependent on their smartphones. The purpose here was to provide a better understanding of the factors related to problematic smartphone use (PSPU). Methods The participants were 100 undergraduates (25 males, 75 females) whose ages ranged from 18 to 23 (mean age = 20 years). The participants completed questionnaires to assess gender, ethnicity, year in college, father's education level, mother's education level, family income, age, family history of alcoholism, and PSPU...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301969/the-internet-s-effect-on-personality-traits-an-important-casualty-of-the-internet-addiction-paradigm
#2
Elias Aboujaoude
Background and aims The "Internet addiction" paradigm has been criticized for several shortcomings, including inattention to specific online behaviors, not distinguishing the Internet from other media, insufficient focus on comorbidities, and definitions that do not take into account the constant access now possible. The paradigm's biggest casualty, however, may be that it has diverted attention away from subtle personality changes that seem to occur online, including in users who cannot be considered "addicted" under any definition...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301968/lost-in-the-chaos-flawed-literature-should-not-generate-new-disorders
#3
Antonius J Van Rooij, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther
The paper by Kuss, Griffiths, and Pontes (2016) titled "Chaos and confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder: Issues, concerns, and recommendations for clarity in the field" examines issues relating to the concept of Internet Gaming Disorder. We agree that there are serious issues and extend their arguments by suggesting that the field lacks basic theory, definitions, patient research, and properly validated and standardized assessment tools. As most studies derive data from survey research in functional populations, they exclude people with severe functional impairment and provide only limited information on the hypothesized disorder...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301967/stepping-back-to-advance-why-igd-needs-an-intensified-debate-instead-of-a-consensus
#4
Thorsten Quandt
Based on their analysis of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) criteria, Kuss, Griffiths, and Pontes (2017) come to the conclusion that the current situation can be described as "chaos and confusion." Their assessment is not an exaggeration. It can be argued that there are even more issues, on logical/definitional and political/social levels: (a) the IGD diagnosis is lacking a well-defined object, (b) the cause and effect cannot be differentiated outside lab conditions, (c) the social and political effects of declaring a social behavior as a disease are worrying, and (d) a rushed diagnosis may construct an addiction with potentially harmful effects on (formerly) healthy populations...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301966/under-the-umbrella
#5
Kai W Müller
The inclusion of Internet Gaming Disorder as a preliminary diagnosis subsumed in Section III of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) has provoked mixed reactions. On the one hand, it has been appreciated as an important sign stressing the negative health-related impact of that disorder. Likewise, the definition of diagnostic criteria helps scientists and clinicians to refer to mandatory indicators associated with a health problem. On the other hand, it has been objected that this new diagnosis bears the danger of pathologizing normal behaviors that are a feature of healthy recreational activity for many people...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301965/from-pong-to-pokemon-go-catching-the-essence-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-diagnosis
#6
Xavier Carbonell
Taking as a starting point, this commentary proposes some issues regarding the diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder discussed in Kuss et al. (2016). In our opinion, the confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis could be due to the weak starting point in building the criteria. The criteria such as functional impairment and stability of the dysfunctional behavior are considered. It is suggested that avatar identification, playing motivations, and types of video games should be considered for diagnosis. The diagnostic process is highly influenced by social context and the rapid development of video game industry...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301964/not-good-enough-further-comments-to-the-wording-meaning-and-the-conceptualization-of-internet-gaming-disorder
#7
Elfrid Krossbakken, Ståle Pallesen, Helge Molde, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Turi Reiten Finserås
In their commentary, Kuss, Griffiths, and Pontes (2016) criticize the use of the term "Internet" in the recently proposed diagnosis for Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and its use as one of the included diagnostic criteria. We agree with the exclusion of the term "Internet" in the diagnosis, but have some considerations to the comments regarding the nine criteria for IGD. Specifically, we discuss the meaning, the wording, and the importance of the criteria, as well as the importance of distress or functional impairment in the proposed diagnosis...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301963/internet-gaming-disorder-inadequate-diagnostic-criteria-wrapped-in-a-constraining-conceptual-model
#8
Vladan Starcevic
Background and aims The paper "Chaos and confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder: Issues, concerns, and recommendations for clarity in the field" by Kuss, Griffiths, and Pontes (in press) critically examines the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and addresses the issue of whether IGD should be reconceptualized as gaming disorder, regardless of whether video games are played online or offline. This commentary provides additional critical perspectives on the concept of IGD...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274137/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-pathological-gambling-potential-evidence-of-anti-reward-processes
#9
Cheryl L Green, Ramzi W Nahhas, Arielle A Scoglio, Igor Elman
Background Excessive gambling is considered to be a part of the addiction spectrum. Stress-like emotional states are a key feature both of pathological gambling (PG) and of substance addiction. In substance addiction, stress symptomatology has been attributed in part to "anti-reward" allostatic neuroadaptations, while a potential involvement of anti-reward processes in the course of PG has not yet been investigated. Methods To that end, individuals with PG (n = 22) and mentally healthy subjects (n = 13) were assessed for trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptomatology (PTSS) using the Life Events Checklist and the Civilian Mississippi Scale, respectively...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264590/motives-for-online-gaming-questionnaire-its-psychometric-properties-and-correlation-with-internet-gaming-disorder-symptoms-among-chinese-people
#10
Anise M S Wu, Mark H C Lai, Shu Yu, Joseph T F Lau, Man-Wai Lei
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) imposes a potential public health threat worldwide. Gaming motives are potentially salient factors of IGD, but research on Chinese gaming motives is scarce. This study empirically evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Motives for Online Gaming Questionnaire (C-MOGQ), the first inventory that measures seven different gaming motives applicable to all type of online games. We also investigated the associations between various gaming motives and IGD symptoms among Chinese gamers...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245678/abnormal-illness-behavior-and-internet-addiction-severity-the-role-of-disease-conviction-irritability-and-alexithymia
#11
Giuseppe Scimeca, Antonio Bruno, Manuela Crucitti, Claudio Conti, Diego Quattrone, Gianluca Pandolfo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
Background and aims While the association between health anxiety and maladaptive Internet use is a well-established finding, no studies have been performed to examine the possible effect of abnormal illness behavior (AIB). AIB is a maladaptive manner of experiencing, evaluating, or acting in response to health and illness that is disproportionate to evident pathology. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between AIB and Internet addiction (IA) severity in a sample of Italian University students...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245666/social-skills-deficits-and-their-association-with-internet-addiction-and-activities-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Wen-Jiun Chou, Mei-Feng Huang, Yu-Ping Chang, Yu-Min Chen, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
Background and aims The aims of this study were to examine the association between social skills deficits and Internet addiction and activities in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as the moderators for this association. Methods A total of 300 adolescents, aged between 11 and 18 years, who had been diagnosed with ADHD participated in this study. Their Internet addiction levels, social skills deficits, ADHD, parental characteristics, and comorbidities were assessed. The various Internet activities that the participants engaged in were also examined...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198639/factorial-validity-of-the-problematic-facebook-use-scale-for-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Claudia Marino, Alessio Vieno, Gianmarco Altoè, Marcantonio M Spada
Background and aims Recent research on problematic Facebook use has highlighted the need to develop a specific theory-driven measure to assess this potential behavioral addiction. The aim of the present study was to examine the factorial validity of the Problematic Facebook Use Scale (PFUS) adapted from Caplan's Generalized Problematic Internet Scale model. Methods A total of 1,460 Italian adolescents and young adults (aged 14-29 years) participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed in order to assess the factorial validity of the scale...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198637/video-gaming-and-gaming-addiction-in-transgender-people-an-exploratory-study
#14
Jon Arcelus, Walter Pierre Bouman, Bethany Alice Jones, Christina Richards, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Mark D Griffiths
Background There is anecdotal clinical evidence that transgender people use the online world - such as forums and online video gaming - for the purpose of experiencing their gender identity in a safe, non-threatening, non-alienating, non-stigmatizing, and non-critical environment. Aims To describe gaming behavior, degree of problematic gaming behavior and associated factors with problematic gaming in a comparatively large group of transgender people accessing transgender health services. Methods Every individual referred to a national transgender health service in the United Kingdom during a 12-month period was invited to complete a series of questionnaires to measure gaming behavior, interpersonal functioning, severity of autistic features, and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198636/gambling-disorder-related-illegal-acts-regression-model-of-associated-factors
#15
Mohamed Ali Gorsane, Michel Reynaud, Jean-Luc Vénisse, Cindy Legauffre, Marc Valleur, David Magalon, Mélina Fatséas, Isabelle Chéreau-Boudet, Alice Guilleux, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background and aims Gambling disorder-related illegal acts (GDRIA) are often crucial events for gamblers and/or their entourage. This study was designed to determine the predictive factors of GDRIA. Methods Participants were 372 gamblers reporting at least three DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) criteria. They were assessed on the basis of sociodemographic characteristics, gambling-related characteristics, their personality profile, and psychiatric comorbidities. A multiple logistic regression was performed to identify the relevant predictors of GDRIA and their relative contribution to the prediction of the presence of GDRIA...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118729/the-role-of-affect-driven-impulsivity-in-gambling-cognitions-a-convenience-sample-study-with-a-spanish-version-of-the-gambling-related-cognitions-scale
#16
Francesco Del Prete, Trevor Steward, Juan F Navas, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Tian P S Oei, José C Perales
Background and aims Abnormal cognitions are among the most salient domain-specific features of gambling disorder. The aims of this study were: (a) to examine and validate a Spanish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004) and (b) to examine associations between cognitive distortion levels, impulsivity, and gambling behavior. Methods This study first recruited a convenience sample of 500 adults who had gambled during the previous year. Participants were assessed using the Spanish version of GRCS (GRCS-S) questionnaire, the UPPS-P impulsivity questionnaire, measures of gambling behavior, and potentially relevant confounders...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033714/scholars-open-debate-paper-on-the-world-health-organization-icd-11-gaming-disorder-proposal
#17
Espen Aarseth, Anthony M Bean, Huub Boonen, Michelle Colder Carras, Mark Coulson, Dimitri Das, Jory Deleuze, Elza Dunkels, Johan Edman, Christopher J Ferguson, Maria C Haagsma, Karin Helmersson Bergmark, Zaheer Hussain, Jeroen Jansz, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Lawrence Kutner, Patrick Markey, Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen, Nicole Prause, Andrew Przybylski, Thorsten Quandt, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic, Gabrielle Stutman, Jan Van Looy, Antonius J Van Rooij
Concerns about problematic gaming behaviors deserve our full attention. However, we claim that it is far from clear that these problems can or should be attributed to a new disorder. The empirical basis for a Gaming Disorder proposal, such as in the new ICD-11, suffers from fundamental issues. Our main concerns are the low quality of the research base, the fact that the current operationalization leans too heavily on substance use and gambling criteria, and the lack of consensus on symptomatology and assessment of problematic gaming...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201926/4th-international-conference-on-behavioral-addictions-february-20-22-2017-haifa-israel
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005417/the-association-between-internet-addiction-and-personality-disorders-in-a-general-population-based-sample
#19
Sina Zadra, Gallus Bischof, Bettina Besser, Anja Bischof, Christian Meyer, Ulrich John, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf
Background and aims Data on Internet addiction (IA) and its association with personality disorder are rare. Previous studies are largely restricted to clinical samples and insufficient measurement of IA. Methods Cross-sectional analysis data are based on a German sub-sample (n = 168; 86 males; 71 meeting criteria for IA) with increased levels of excessive Internet use derived from a general population sample (n = 15,023). IA was assessed with a comprehensive standardized interview using the structure of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and the criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder as suggested in DSM-5...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998174/response-to-nature-fix-addiction-to-outdoor-activities-r-c-buckley-s-commentary-on-heirene-r-m-shearer-d-roderique-davies-g-mellalieu-s-d-2016-addiction-in-extreme-sports-an-exploration-of-withdrawal-states-in-rock-climbers-journal-of-behavioral-addictions
#20
Robert M Heirene, David Shearer, Stephen D Mellalieu, Gareth Roderique-Davies
Buckley's commentary on our study of rock climber's withdrawal experiences raises a number of important questions surrounding the concept of extreme or adventure sports addiction. Drawing on the few available investigations of this topic, we respond to Buckley's questions here, though emphasize the need for further studies of extreme sports addiction in order to provide more empirically informed answers.
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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