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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

Cristina Quinones
This commentary considers a recent debate paper which presents and counters 10 work addiction myths. I reflect upon the proposal to move the field forward by distinguishing between, work addiction, which denotes a clinical phenomenon; and workaholism, a term used by the occupational psychology literature with little agreement about its defining dimensions beyond working compulsively. Rather than choosing between these two terms, I argue that addiction experts should lead a transdisciplinary integration of findings from studies where participants report both working compulsively and experiencing significant conflict...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Steve Sussman
This commentary intends to provide constructive input into the "Ten myths about work addiction" by Griiffiths et al. (2018). I place the information into an appetitive motivation theoretical lens of addiction as well as outline the kernels of truth associated with each myth. Advancement of an understanding of the underlying mechanisms of addiction demands consideration that any number of appetitive-associated behaviors might become disrupted - including those at the workplace.
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Diana Malinowska
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Referring to Ten myths about work addiction reviewed by Griffiths, Demetrovics, and Atroszko in the Journal of Behavioral Addiction, three postulates were proposed to apply in future research on work addiction: (a) the clinical psychology perspective, (b) the systems approach, and (c) diversified and adequate methodologies. METHODS: In a narrative review, using theoretical assumptions and empirical data, postulates were discussed against myths...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Oren Lior, Reizer Abira, Weinstein Aviv
In their critical review, Griffiths et al. (2018) discussed 10 myths in the study of work addiction, and addressed the need to conceptualize and investigate this area of research more carefully. In this commentary, we expand their arguments, suggesting that indeed some of the popular myths have solid evidence-based results in the organizational literature. Yet, some of the arguments are only indirectly related to previous organizational findings. Therefore, we emphasize the need to resolve the ambiguities of work addiction, as well as to develop a comprehensive and interdisciplinary understanding of the well-known phenomenon of addictive work behavior...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Bernadette Kun
This commentary addresses a recent article by Griffiths et al. (2018) about myths in work addiction. In response to the narrative review, I reflect on all the myths that the authors highlighted and the argument on how they tried to counter them. In comparison to an earlier overview by Robinson (1998), it is clear which myths about work addiction are persistent and represent the most important issues about this problem. Most of the myths were countered by the authors, but some of them need more evidence to be unequivocally defeated...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Cornelia Sindermann, Rayna Sariyska, Bernd Lachmann, Matthias Brand, Christian Montag
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite indications that the dark triad of personality might be associated with Internet-use disorder (IUD), research about these associations is lacking. METHODS: Two studies were performed to grasp the links between these variables. In the first study, a sample consisting of N = 468 participants (n = 130 males) filled in the Short Dark Triad Questionnaire to assess scores in the dark triad of personality and the short Internet Addiction Test to assess tendencies toward unspecified IUD...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Yura Loscalzo, Marco Giannini
This commentary addresses Griffiths et al. (2018)'s sixth myth about work addiction. We agree that work addiction could also be spread in the school context, although we propose that problematic overstudying may be more similar to an obsession than to an addiction toward the study. We refer to the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria related to the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and the substance-use disorder, presenting some theoretical considerations related to the similarities and differences between problematic overstudying and these two diagnoses...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Magdalen G Schluter, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To date, no research has examined the viability of using behavioral tasks typical of cognitive and neuropsychology within addiction populations through online recruitment methods. Therefore, we examined the reliability and validity of three behavioral tasks of impulsivity common in addiction research in a sample of individuals with a current or past history of problem gambling recruited online. METHODS: Using a two-stage recruitment process, a final sample of 110 participants with a history of problem or disordered gambling were recruited through MTurk and completed self-report questionnaires of gambling involvement symptomology, a Delay Discounting Task (DDT), Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), Cued Go/No-Go Task, and the UPPS-P...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Lan Guo, Min Luo, Wan-Xin Wang, Guo-Liang Huang, Yan Xu, Xue Gao, Ci-Yong Lu, Wei-Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This large-scale study aimed to test (a) associations of problematic Internet use (PIU) and sleep disturbance with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among Chinese adolescents and (b) whether sleep disturbance mediates the association between PIU and suicidal behavior. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2017 National School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey. A total of 20,895 students' questionnaires were qualified for analysis. The Young's Internet Addiction Test was used to assess PIU, and level of sleep disturbance was measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Kai Wilhelm Müller
Internet gaming disorder has been widely recognized as a new health issue. At present, we are experiencing a rapid growth of knowledge on different aspects of this disorder, such as, for instance, prevalence rates, underlying neurobiological mechanisms, and treatment strategies. In contrast, preventing individuals from developing Internet gaming disorder is a matter that has not yet progressed sufficiently. Although we can basically refer to measures and techniques known to be effective in preventing other addictive behaviors, the special demands of preventing Internet gaming disorder remain largely obscured or disregarded...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Anna Karlsson, Anders Håkansson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder (GD) appears to be an independent risk factor for suicide, and all-cause mortality has been sparsely studied in patients with GD. This study aims to explore mortality and suicide rates in individuals with GD compared to the general population as well as explore risk factors associated with all-cause mortality and suicide mortality. METHODS: This is a nationwide register study on 2,099 individuals with a GD diagnosis in the Swedish inpatient and/or outpatient specialist health care system between the years of 2005-2016...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Alexandra Torres-Rodríguez, Mark D Griffiths, Xavier Carbonell, Ursula Oberst
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has become health concern around the world, and specialized health services for the treatment of IGD are emerging. Despite the increase in such services, few studies have examined the efficacy of psychological treatments for IGD. The primary aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a specialized psychotherapy program for adolescents with IGD [i.e., the "Programa Individualizado Psicoterapéutico para la Adicción a las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación" (PIPATIC) program]...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Kagan Kircaburun, Mark D Griffiths
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Research has shown that personality traits play an important role in problematic internet use (PIU). However, the relationship between dark personality traits (i.e., Machiavellianism, psychopathy, narcissism, sadism, and spitefulness) and PIU has yet to be investigated. Consequently, the objectives of this study were to investigate the relationships of dark traits with specific online activities (i.e., social media, gaming, gambling, shopping, and sex) and PIU. METHODS: A total of 772 university students completed a self-report survey, including the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen Scale, Short Sadistic Impulse Scale, Spitefulness Scale, and an adapted version of the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Andrew Harris, Daria Kuss, Mark D Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is currently more commonly regarded as multifaceted, comprising both motor and cognitive subdomains. However, it is less clear how distinct these subdomains are, and the extent to which they interact and draw upon the same psychological resources. METHODS: The present experiment comprised 70 regular (non-problem) gamblers, and investigated the potential to induce impulsivity transfer effects within an electronic gambling context. Original and existing harm-minimization approaches were tested for their efficacy in inducing motor cautiousness during an electronic slot machine simulation...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Sang Hoon Lee, Jooyeon Jamie Im, Jin Kyoung Oh, Eun Kyoung Choi, Sujung Yoon, Marom Bikson, In-Uk Song, Hyeonseok Jeong, Yong-An Chung
AIM: Excessive use of online games can have negative influences on mental health and daily functioning. Although the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have been investigated for the treatment of addiction, it has not been evaluated for excessive online game use. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and tolerability of tDCS over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in online gamers. METHODS: A total of 15 online gamers received 12 active tDCS sessions over the DLPFC (anodal left/cathodal right, 2 mA for 30 min, 3 times per week for 4 weeks)...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Michael Auer, Niklas Hopfgartner, Mark D Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, problem gambling has become a public health issue and research from many countries indicates that a small but significant minority of individuals are problem gamblers. In Norway, the prevalence of problem gambling among adults is estimated to be just less than 1%. To help minimize the harm from gambling, the Norwegian government's gambling operator (Norsk Tipping) has introduced several responsible gambling initiatives to help protect players from developing gambling problems (e...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Yukun Lan, Jiao-Er Ding, Wei Li, Jiang Li, Yifei Zhang, Mingbo Liu, Hua Fu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) has been applied in behavioral addiction studies in recent years. However, few empirical studies using MBI have been conducted for smartphone addiction, which is prevalent among Chinese university students. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a group mindfulness-based cognitive-behavioral intervention (GMCI) on smartphone addiction in a sample of Chinese university students. METHODS: Students with smartphone addiction were divided into a control group (n = 29) and an intervention group (n = 41)...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Doug Hyun Han, Minkyoung Yoo, Perry F Renshaw, Nancy M Petry
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is included as a condition in the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, little is known about its nature or treatment response. This study is a follow-up of 755 patients who received professional treatment for IGD over a 5-year period. METHODS: The initial recommended treatment course lasted for 8 weeks, with additional care provided as needed. Treatment completion rates in the complete sample, as well as baseline predictors of treatment completion and long-term recovery among the 367 patients who completed the follow-up, are reported...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Tzu Tsun Luk, Man Ping Wang, Chen Shen, Alice Wan, Pui Hing Chau, John Oliffe, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Sophia Siu-Chee Chan, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Problematic smartphone use (PSU) is an emerging but understudied public health issue. Little is known about the epidemiology of PSU at the population level. We evaluated the psychometric properties of the Smartphone Addiction Scale - Short Version (SAS-SV) and examined its associated sociodemographic factors and health behaviors in Chinese adults in Hong Kong. METHODS: A random sample of 3,211 adults aged ≥18 years (mean ± SD: 43.3 ± 15...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Rebecca E Pullman, Marc N Potenza, Shane W Kraus
Psychiatric disorders frequently co-occur with gambling disorder. Although community and clinical samples show frequent co-occurrence between gambling and psychotic disorders, relatively little research has been conducted on this population. Here, we comment on a recent study conducted in Brazil on the clinical correlates of psychotic disorders in treatment-seeking individuals with gambling disorder, relate the findings to those from the northeastern region of the United States, and discuss implications with respect to promoting responsible gambling in the setting of the expansion of legalized gambling...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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