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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642723/impulsivity-traits-and-addiction-related-behaviors-in-youth
#1
Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Mette Buhl Callesen, Morten Hesse, Timo Lehmann Kvamme, Michael Mulbjerg Pedersen, Mads Uffe Pedersen, Valerie Voon
Background and aims Impulsivity is a risk factor for addictive behaviors. The UPPS-P impulsivity model has been associated with substance addiction and gambling disorder, but its role in other non-substance addiction-related behaviors is less understood. We sought to examine associations between UPPS-P impulsivity traits and indicators of multiple substance and non-substance addiction-related behaviors in youth with varying involvement in these behaviors. Methods Participants (N = 109, aged 16-26 years, 69% males) were selected from a national survey based on their level of externalizing problems to achieve a broad distribution of involvement in addiction-related behaviors...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642722/the-personality-motivational-and-need-based-background-of-problematic-tinder-use
#2
Gábor Orosz, Mária Benyó, Bernadett Berkes, Edina Nikoletti, Éva Gál, István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe
Background and aims Tinder is a geo-located online dating application, which is present in almost 200 countries and has 10 million daily users. The aim of the present research was to investigate the motivational, personality, and basic psychological need-related background of problematic Tinder use. Methods After qualitative pretest and item construction, in Study 1 (N = 414), confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to corroborate the different motivational factors behind Tinder use. In Study 2 (N = 346), the associations between Big Five traits, Tinder motivations, and problematic Tinder use were examined with structural equation modeling (SEM)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642721/placing-your-faith-on-the-betting-floor-religiosity-predicts-disordered-gambling-via-gambling-fallacies
#3
Hyoun S Kim, Alexandra Shifrin, Travis Sztainert, Michael J A Wohl
Background and aims We examined the potential role religious beliefs may play in disordered gambling. Specifically, we tested the idea that religiosity primes people to place their faith in good fortune or a higher power. In the context of gambling, however, this may lead to gambling fallacies (e.g., erroneous beliefs that one has control over a random outcome). People who are high in religiosity may be more at risk of developing gambling fallacies, as they may believe that a higher power can influence a game of chance...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529887/gray-matter-differences-in-the-anterior-cingulate-and-orbitofrontal-cortex-of-young-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder-surface-based-morphometry
#4
Deokjong Lee, Jinsick Park, Kee Namkoong, In Young Kim, Young-Chul Jung
Background and aims Altered risk/reward decision-making is suggested to predispose individuals with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) to pursue short-term pleasure, despite long-term negative consequences. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) play important roles in risk/reward decision-making. This study investigated gray matter differences in the ACC and OFC of young adults with and without IGD using surface-based morphometry (SBM). Methods We examined 45 young male adults with IGD and 35 age-matched male controls...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529886/a-weak-scientific-basis-for-gaming-disorder-let-us-err-on-the-side-of-caution
#5
Antonius J van Rooij, Christopher J Ferguson, Michelle Colder Carras, Daniel Kardefelt-Winther, Jing Shi, Espen Aarseth, Anthony M Bean, Karin Helmersson Bergmark, Anne Brus, Mark Coulson, Jory Deleuze, Pravin Dullur, Elza Dunkels, Johan Edman, Malte Elson, Peter J Etchells, Anne Fiskaali, Isabela Granic, Jeroen Jansz, Faltin Karlsen, Linda K Kaye, Bonnie Kirsh, Andreas Lieberoth, Patrick Markey, Kathryn L Mills, Rune Kristian Lundedal Nielsen, Amy Orben, Arne Poulsen, Nicole Prause, Patrick Prax, Thorsten Quandt, Adriano Schimmenti, Vladan Starcevic, Gabrielle Stutman, Nigel E Turner, Jan van Looy, Andrew K Przybylski
We greatly appreciate the care and thought that is evident in the 10 commentaries that discuss our debate paper, the majority of which argued in favor of a formalized ICD-11 gaming disorder. We agree that there are some people whose play of video games is related to life problems. We believe that understanding this population and the nature and severity of the problems they experience should be a focus area for future research. However, moving from research construct to formal disorder requires a much stronger evidence base than we currently have...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508623/does-the-uptake-of-wagering-inducements-predict-impulse-betting-on-sport
#6
Nerilee Hing, Alex M T Russell, En Li, Peter Vitartas
Background and aims Marketing inducements for addictive products, such as wagering, can prompt impulse purchasing by triggering consumption reminders, urges, and cravings. Wagering inducements incentivize betting by providing bonus bets, money-back guarantees, deposits into betting accounts, and discounts. Their promotion during sporting events, push marketing efforts directed at consumers, and ease of uptake at the point-of-sale, may trigger betting on impulse. This study examined whether the uptake of wagering inducements predicted impulse betting on sport...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486572/age-related-physical-and-psychological-vulnerability-as-pathways-to-problem-gambling-in-older-adults
#7
Adrian Parke, Mark Griffiths, Julie Pattinson, David Keatley
Background To inform clinical treatment and preventative efforts, there is an important need to understand the pathways to late-life gambling disorder. Aims This study assesses the association between age-related physical health, social networks, and problem gambling in adults aged over 65 years and assesses the mediating role of affective disorders in this association. Methods The sample comprised 595 older adults (mean age: 74.4 years, range: 65-94 years; 77.1% female) who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to assess physical frailty, geriatric pain, loneliness, geriatric depression, geriatric anxiety, and problem gambling...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486571/internet-gaming-disorder-in-lebanon-relationships-with-age-sleep-habits-and-academic-achievement
#8
Nazir S Hawi, Maya Samaha, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims The latest (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders included Internet gaming disorder (IGD) as a disorder that needs further research among different general populations. In line with this recommendation, the primary objective of this was to explore the relationships between IGD, sleep habits, and academic achievement in Lebanese adolescents. Methods Lebanese high-school students (N = 524, 47.9% males) participated in a paper survey that included the Internet Gaming Disorder Test and demographic information...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464963/cognitive-inflexibility-in-a-young-woman-with-pyromania
#9
Austin W Blum, Brian L Odlaug, Jon E Grant
Background Pyromania is a rare disorder that is characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful fire-setting. It is typically associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems. Even so, little research has examined cognitive aspects of the disorder. Case presentation/study In this study, we compared a 24-year-old woman with pyromania with 19 age- and gender-matched healthy controls using a battery of computerized neurocognitive tasks. Our participant affected by pyromania showed impaired cognitive flexibility but intact functioning on measures of impulsive action and decision-making...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463098/both-active-and-sham-low-frequency-rtms-single-sessions-over-the-right-dlpfc-decrease-cue-induced-cravings-among-pathological-gamblers-seeking-treatment-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-crossover-trial
#10
Anne Sauvaget, Samuel Bulteau, Alice Guilleux, Juliette Leboucher, Anne Pichot, Pierre Valrivière, Jean-Marie Vanelle, Véronique Sébille-Rivain, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Background Craving is a core symptom of addictive disorders, such as pathological gambling for example. Over the last decade, several studies have assessed the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the addiction field, which triggers the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) to decrease craving. The STIMJEU study investigated whether a single session of low-frequency (LF, i.e., 1 Hz) rTMS applied to the right DLPFC reduced cue-induced gambling craving in a sample of treatment-seeking pathological gamblers...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463097/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-internet-gaming-disorder-among-community-dwelling-adults-in-macao-china
#11
Anise M S Wu, Juliet Honglei Chen, Kwok-Kit Tong, Shu Yu, Joseph T F Lau
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been mainly studied among adolescents, and no research to date has examined its prevalence in general Chinese adult populations. This study estimated the prevalence of probable IGD in community-dwelling adults in Macao, China. Associations between IGD and psychological distress (i.e., depression and anxiety) as well as IGD and character strength (i.e., psychological resilience and purpose in life) were also tested. Methods A random, representative sample of 1,000 Chinese residents (44% males; mean age = 40...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461086/instagram-addiction-and-the-big-five-of-personality-the-mediating-role-of-self-liking
#12
Kagan Kircaburun, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Recent research has suggested that social networking site use can be addictive. Although extensive research has been carried out on potential addiction to social networking sites, such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Tinder, only one very small study has previously examined potential addiction to Instagram. Consequently, the objectives of this study were to examine the relationships between personality, self-liking, daily Internet use, and Instagram addiction, as well as exploring the mediating role of self-liking between personality and Instagram addiction using path analysis...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444607/psychometric-evaluation-of-persian-nomophobia-questionnaire-differential-item-functioning-and-measurement-invariance-across-gender
#13
Chung-Ying Lin, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
Background and aims Research examining problematic mobile phone use has increased markedly over the past 5 years and has been related to "no mobile phone phobia" (so-called nomophobia). The 20-item Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q) is the only instrument that assesses nomophobia with an underlying theoretical structure and robust psychometric testing. This study aimed to confirm the construct validity of the Persian NMP-Q using Rasch and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models. Methods After ensuring the linguistic validity, Rasch models were used to examine the unidimensionality of each Persian NMP-Q factor among 3,216 Iranian adolescents and CFAs were used to confirm its four-factor structure...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444606/the-links-between-healthy-problematic-and-addicted-internet-use-regarding-comorbidities-and-self-concept-related-characteristics
#14
Tagrid Leménager, Sabine Hoffmann, Julia Dieter, Iris Reinhard, Karl Mann, Falk Kiefer
Background Addicted Internet users present with higher rates of comorbidities, e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depressive, and anxiety disorders. In addition, deficits in self-concept-related characteristics were found in addicted Internet gamers and social network users. The aim of this study was to examine the links between healthy, problematic, and addicted Internet use regarding comorbidities and self-concept-related characteristics. The association between recently developed ADHD-like symptoms without an underlying diagnosis and addictive Internet use was also examined...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444605/anxious-attachment-and-excessive-acquisition-the-mediating-roles-of-anthropomorphism-and-distress-intolerance
#15
Melissa M Norberg, Cassandra Crone, Cathy Kwok, Jessica R Grisham
Background and aims Most individuals with hoarding disorder (HD) are prone to excessively acquiring new possessions. Understanding the factors that contribute to this collecting behavior will allow us to develop better treatment approaches for HD. The aim of this study was to test our assumption that an anxious attachment style is associated with a tendency to anthropomorphize comforting objects and an inability to tolerate distress, which in turn leads to excessive acquisition. Methods A total of 361 participants with subclinical to clinical acquisition problems (77...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415553/problematic-smartphone-use-nature-connectedness-and-anxiety
#16
Miles Richardson, Zaheer Hussain, Mark D Griffiths
Background Smartphone use has increased greatly at a time when concerns about society's disconnection from nature have also markedly increased. Recent research has also indicated that smartphone use can be problematic for a small minority of individuals. Methods In this study, associations between problematic smartphone use (PSU), nature connectedness, and anxiety were investigated using a cross-sectional design (n = 244). Results Associations between PSU and both nature connectedness and anxiety were confirmed...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415552/eveningness-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-and-negative-affect-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Péter Simor, András Harsányi, Kata Csigó, Gergely Miklós, Alpár Sándor Lázár, Gyula Demeter
Background Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors that severely encumber daily functioning. OCD patients seem to exhibit sleep disturbances, especially delayed bedtimes that reflect disrupted circadian rhythmicity. Morningness-eveningness is a fundamental factor reflecting individual variations in diurnal preferences related to sleep and waking activities. Eveningness reflecting a delayed sleep-wake timing has repeatedly been associated with sleep problems and negative affect (NA)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#18
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409339/ten-myths-about-work-addiction
#19
Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Paweł A Atroszko
Background and aims Research into work addiction has steadily grown over the past decade. However, the literature is far from unified and there has been much debate on many different issues. Aim and methods This paper comprises a narrative review and focuses on 10 myths about work addiction that have permeated the psychological literature and beyond. The 10 myths examined are (a) work addiction is a new behavioral addiction, (b) work addiction is similar to other behavioral addictions, (c) there are only psychosocial consequences of work addiction, (d) work addiction and workaholism are the same thing, (e) work addiction exclusively occurs as a consequence of individual personality factors, (f) work addiction only occurs in adulthood, (g) some types of work addiction are positive, (h) work addiction is a transient behavioral pattern related to situational factors, (i) work addiction is a function of the time spent engaging in work, and (j) work addiction is an example of overpathogizing everyday behavior and it will never be classed as a mental disorder in the DSM...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383940/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-hungarian-version-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-for-children
#20
Éva Erzsébet Magyar, Dalma Tényi, Ashley Gearhardt, Sára Jeges, Gallusz Abaligeti, Ákos Levente Tóth, József Janszky, Dénes Molnár, Tamás Tényi, Györgyi Csábi
Background Childhood obesity proves to be an important public health issue, since it serves as a potential risk factor for multiple diseases. Food addiction could also serve as an important etiological factor. As childhood obesity plays a serious issue also in Hungary, we aimed to adapt and validate the Hungarian version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (H-YFAS-C). Methods A total of 191 children were assessed with the H-YFAS-C and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). The following psychometric properties were analyzed: internal consistency, construct validity, convergent, and discriminant validity...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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