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Journal of Behavioral Addictions

Cathy Kwok, Jessica R Grisham, Melissa M Norberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People who hoard form intense attachments to their possessions and save items for sentimental and instrumental reasons. Feeling socially excluded may encourage these individuals to anthropomorphize objects (i.e., perceive them as human-like) to fulfill unmet belonging needs, which may increase the sentimental and instrumental values of objects, and then lead to stronger object attachment. METHODS: We randomly assigned 331 participants with excessive acquisition tendencies to be excluded, included, or overincluded in an online ball-tossing game before presenting them with five objects that had human characteristics...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Damien Brevers, Jennifer Foucart, Ofir Turel, Anais Bertrand, Mikael Alaerts, Paul Verbanck, Charles Kornreich, Antoine Bechara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The "process-model" of self-control proposes that the ego-depletion effect is better explained by a switch between interest in "have-to" labor and cognitive "want-to" leisure, rather than being mainly due to a decrease in cognitive resources, as advanced by the "strength-model" of self-control. However, it is currently difficult to disentangle the "process-model" from the "strength-model" of self-control...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Daria J Kuss
In this commentary, I discuss the recent paper by Király et al. (2018), which provides a systematic review of current and potential policies addressing problematic gaming and suggesting current approaches include those (a) limiting video game availability, (b) reducing risk and harm, and (c) supporting gamers. This commentary uses a number of points raised by Király et al. (2018) to address the issue of policy context by discussing (a) the sociocultural environment and (b) the gamer and the game environment to (c) create the case for prevention to reduce risk and harm and to provide support for gamers and their families...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Jesús Castro-Calvo, Rafael Ballester-Arnal, Joel Billieux, Beatriz Gil-Juliá, María Dolores Gil-Llario
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sexual addiction is a pathological behavior characterized by a combination of excessive sexual desire and impaired ability to control it. Its incidence ranges between 1.2% and 32.2%, although this number may vary depending on the screening tool used. This wide variability is largely due to the use of non-validated instruments (e.g., structural validity relying on exploratory analyses, instruments translated without an additional validation process, or instruments validated in another format)...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Ina M Koning, Margot Peeters, Catrin Finkenauer, Regina J J M van den Eijnden
INTRODUCTION: This two-wave prospective study investigated the bidirectional relation between Internet-specific parenting (reactive restrictions, Internet-specific rules, and frequency and quality of communication about Internet) and adolescents' symptoms of social media disorder (SMD) and Internet gaming disorder (IGD). In addition, we investigated whether this relation was different for boys and girls. METHODS: A sample of 352 adolescents (48.9% boys, Mage  = 13...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Jeremiah Weinstock, David Ledgerwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Chung-Ying Lin, Maryam Ganji, Halley M Pontes, Vida Imani, Anders Broström, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the growing epidemiological research interest concerning Internet addiction, brief instruments with a robust theoretical basis are warranted. The Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) is one such instrument that can be used to quickly assess the Internet addiction in an individual. However, only two language versions of the IDS-15 have been developed. This study translated the IDS-15 into Persian and examined its psychometric properties using comprehensive psychometric testing...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Joseph T F Lau, Danielle L Walden, Anise M S Wu, Kit-Man Cheng, Mason C M Lau, Phoenix K H Mo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of the study is to investigate (a) whether probable depression status assessed at baseline prospectively predicted new incidence of Internet addiction (IA) at the 12-month follow-up and (b) whether IA status assessed at baseline prospectively predicted new incidence of probable depression at follow-up. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month cohort study (n = 8,286) among Hong Kong secondary students, and derived two subsamples. The first subsample (n = 6,954) included students who were non-IA at baseline, using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (≤63), and another included non-depressed cases at baseline (n = 3,589), using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (<16)...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Regina van den Eijnden, Ina Koning, Suzan Doornwaard, Femke van Gurp, Tom Ter Bogt
AIM: To extend the scholarly debate on (a) whether or not the compulsive use of games and social media should be regarded as behavioral addictions (Kardefelt-Winther et al., 2017) and (b) whether the nine DSM-5 criteria for Internet gaming disorder (IGD; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) are appropriate to distinguish highly engaged, non-disordered users of games and social media from disordered users, this study investigated the impact of engaged and disordered use of games and social media on the psychosocial well-being and school performances of adolescents...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Alexandra Torres-Rodríguez, Mark D Griffiths, Xavier Carbonell, Ursula Oberst
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has become a topic of increasing research interest since its inclusion in Section 3 of the DSM-5. Given the lack of clinical studies concerning IGD, exploring the characteristics of clinical samples with IGD will help to delineate the gaming disorder construct and inform future treatment studies. METHODS: Data collection consisted of clinical interviews comprising 31 male adolescents diagnosed with IGD. Alongside the clinical interviews, the participants were administered a battery of psychometric tests assessing the following: IGD, personality traits, comorbid symptomatology, emotional intelligence (EI), and family environment characteristics...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Giovanni Martinotti, Eleonora Chillemi, Matteo Lupi, Luisa De Risio, Mauro Pettorruso, Massimo Di Giannantonio
INTRODUCTION: Gambling disorder (GD) is a major public health concern with currently no validated and efficacious treatments approved. In this single case study, we report the short- and long-term effect of bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on craving and impulse control in a subject with GD. METHODS: The patient is a 26-year-old Caucasian male with an 8-year history of GD as well as alcohol and cocaine misuse...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Bugeun Kim, Seul Lee, Young Yim Doh, Gahgene Gweon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Past research on the classification of problematic Internet use (PIU) has focused on symptom-based severity and usage motive in order to understand its mechanism. Recently, usage context, such as family or social relationships, has been identified as a key influencing factor of PIU. Therefore, we extended the classification of PIU to include usage context in addition to symptom-based severity and usage motive. METHODS: To classify PIU types, we conducted two studies...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Hibai Lopez-Gonzalez, Ana Estévez, Mark D Griffiths
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) is one of the most widely used screening tools for problem gambling (PG). However, to date, no empirically validated adaptation of the instrument to Spanish-speaking countries exists. METHODS: A sample of 659 sports bettors (Mage  = 35.1 years, SD = 10.12, 74.2% males) were recruited through an online research panel. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed to confirm its construct validity...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Simon Ching Lam, Zoe Sze-Long Chan, Andy Chun-Yin Chong, Wendy Wing-Chi Wong, Jiawen Ye
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Compulsive buying (CB) is a behavioral addiction that is conceptualized as an obsessive-compulsive and impulsive-control disorder. The Richmond Compulsive Buying Scale (RCBS), a six-item self-reporting instrument that has been validated worldwide, was developed based on this theoretical background. This study aimed to adapt RCBS to the Chinese population (RCBS-TC) to guide future national and international prevalence studies. METHODS: This methodological study was conducted in two phases...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Belle Gavriel-Fried
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concept of recovery capital (RC) describes the internal and external resources that individuals draw upon to initiate and sustain the processes of addiction recovery. This concept has been primarily applied to individuals recovering from substance addictions. In this study, the RC concept was applied to individuals with a gambling disorder (GD) to test its associations with the diagnosis and severity of GD and with levels of psychopathology as manifested in depression and anxiety...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Zixin Wang, Mason C M Lau
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Masculine role discrepancy (i.e., men perceiving themselves not living up to the ideal manhood and being less masculine than the typical "man") and related discrepancy stress were associated with some risk behaviors. No study has looked at their relationships with addictive use of social networking sites (SNSs), an emerging potential public health concern. The study constructed a moderated mediation model to test whether masculine role discrepancy would be positively associated with discrepancy stress, which would, in turn, be positively associated with addictive use of SNS, and whether self-esteem would buffer (moderate) the association between masculine role discrepancy and discrepancy stress...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Yu-Chuan Chiu, Yuan-Chien Pan, Yu-Hsuan Lin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is an increasingly important topic and has been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) research criteria. This study aims to validate the Chinese version of the Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10), a self-reported questionnaire based on DSM-5 IGD criteria, and to estimate the prevalence of IGD in adolescents. METHODS: The IGDT-10 was translated to Chinese as a 10-item questionnaire rated on a 3-point Likert scale to evaluate the symptoms of IGD...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Thomas Chung, Simmy Sum, Monique Chan
Problematic video gaming is a global problem. Policy and programs responses to the problem vary among countries, partly due to cultural differences in the east and the west, meaning that caution is needed in drawing comparisons. Promoting parental education and positive youth development would be a useful approach to curb problematic behavior among children and adolescents. We suggest using a public health approach, based on our experience in dealing with commodities, which are harmful to health.
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our goal was to examine the association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and gambling problems, and to identify potential mediating factors of this association. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional, community-based data from 7,403 people aged ≥16 years who participated in the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. ADHD symptoms were assessed using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener. Problem gambling was assessed using a questionnaire based on the 10 DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for pathological gambling...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Igor J Pietkiewicz, Szymon Nęcki, Anna Bańbura, Radosław Tomalski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Maladaptive daydreaming (MD) has many features of behavioral addiction, but research exploring this syndrome is limited. This case study provides a qualitative exploration of MD. METHODS: A structured clinical interview and mental state examination of a patient with MD were video-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were subjected to the interpretative phenomenological analysis. RESULTS: MD was developed as a strategy to cope with distress but led to uncontrollable absorption in fantasy, social withdrawal, and neglecting aspects of everyday life...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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