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PsyCh Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015375/extraversion-and-happiness-the-mediating-role-of-social-support-and-hope
#1
Chee-Seng Tan, Sew-Kim Low, Glory Nancy Viapude
Studies have found that extraversion enhances happiness indirectly through social support. However, it is unclear how social support may be connected to happiness. On the basis of a literature review, we hypothesize that individual hope may play an important role in the relationship between social support and happiness. Using a serial mediation model, the present study attempted to investigate the hypothetical mediating role of hope in the relationship between extraversion and happiness and between social support and happiness...
July 17, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974646/the-relationships-between-environmental-sensitivity-ecological-worldview-personal-norms-and-pro-environmental-behaviors-in-chinese-children-testing-the-value-belief-norm-model-with-environmental-sensitivity-as-an-emotional-basis
#2
Wu Lingqiong
This study addresses the relationships that ecological worldview, environmental sensitivity, and personal norms have with pro-environmental behaviors in a particular child population in urban China. The survey questionnaires were distributed to 410 Grade 6 students from eight Green Schools in Shenzhen, China. The sample included 223 (54.3%) boys and 187 (45.6%) girls with ages ranging from 10 to 13 years. The results from structural equation modelling reveal that environmental sensitivity and personal norms were two critical factors in determining students' pro-environmental behaviors...
July 5, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943899/light-exposure-via-a-head-mounted-device-suppresses-melatonin-and-improves-vigilant-attention-without-affecting-cortisol-and-comfort
#3
Christina Schmidt, Marine Xhrouet, Manon Hamacher, Eric Delloye, Caroline LeGoff, Etienne Cavalier, Fabienne Collette, Gilles Vandewalle
We aimed at assessing whether a head-mounted light therapy device, enriched in blue wavelengths, suppresses melatonin secretion and improves vigilant attention in the late evening hours. We also assessed whether using such light device is associated with discomfort and physiological stress. Seventeen healthy young participants (eight females) participated in a counterbalanced within-subject design during which they were exposed for 2 hr before habitual sleep time to a blue-enriched light (1500 lx) or to a lower intensity red-light (150 lx) control condition, using a new-generation light emitting diode (LED) head-mounted device...
June 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939489/when-human-intelligence-meets-artificial-intelligence
#4
Jifan Zhou, Mowei Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932492/proactive-personality-and-mental-health-the-role-of-job-crafting
#5
Liqun Zhang, HaiRong Lu, Feng Li
In this study, we examined the relationships among proactive personality, job crafting, and mental health. A total of 1971 full-time Chinese employees completed the survey. The results of structural equation modeling analyses indicated that job crafting mediated the positive relationship between proactive personality and mental health.
June 22, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719136/relations-between-scanning-and-recognition-of-own-and-other-race-faces-in-6-and-9-month-old-infants
#6
Shaoying Liu, Paul C Quinn, Naiqi G Xiao, Zhijun Wu, Guangxi Liu, Kang Lee
Infants typically see more own-race faces than other-race faces. Existing evidence shows that this difference in face race experience has profound consequences for face processing: as early as 6 months of age, infants scan own- and other-race faces differently and display superior recognition for own- relative to other-race faces. However, it is unclear whether scanning of own-race faces is related to the own-race recognition advantage in infants. To bridge this gap in the literature, the current study used eye tracking to investigate the relation between own-race face scanning and recognition in 6- and 9-month-old Asian infants (N = 82)...
May 2, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697207/self-descriptions-on-linkedin-recruitment-or-friendship-identity
#7
Danilo Garcia, Kevin M Cloninger, Alexandre Granjard, Kristian Molander-Söderholm, Clara Amato, Sverker Sikström
We used quantitative semantics to find clusters of words in LinkedIn users' self-descriptions to an employer or a friend. Some of these clusters discriminated between worker and friend conditions (e.g., flexible vs. caring) and between LinkedIn users with high and low education (e.g., analytical vs. messy).
April 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944782/when-money-meets-morality-human-universals-and-cultural-differences
#8
Xinyue Zhou, Qian Yang, Xiaomeng Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673116/intrinsic-spontaneous-brain-activity-predicts-individual-variability-in-associative-memory-in-older-adults
#9
Zhiwei Zheng, Rui Li, Fengqiu Xiao, Rongqiao He, Shouzi Zhang, Juan Li
Older adults demonstrate notable individual differences in associative memory. Here, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) was used to investigate whether intrinsic brain activity at rest could predict individual differences in associative memory among cognitively healthy older adults. Regional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) analysis and a correlation-based resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) approach were used to analyze data acquired from 102 cognitively normal elderly who completed the paired-associative learning test (PALT) and underwent fMRI scans...
April 19, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578314/aspiring-personality-patients-waiting-for-obesity-treatment
#10
Danilo Garcia, Henrik Forssell, Kevin M Cloninger
The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in temperament and character between patients (N = 70) waiting for obesity surgery and the general population. Patients waiting for obesity surgery scored higher in Harm-Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence, and Cooperativeness and also lower in Self-Directedness.
March 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392847/treatment-of-premenstrual-syndrome-appraising-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-addition-to-calcium-supplement-plus-vitamin-d
#11
Zahra Karimi, Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi, Ahmad Alipour, Tayebeh Mohtashami
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) consists of repetitious physical and psychological symptoms. The symptoms occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual period and cease when the menstrual period starts. This study included pre-test and post-test experiments between a control group and a test group. The statistical population involved 40 females, chosen based on multistage cluster sampling. The participants were then divided into four groups to undergo treatment with calcium supplement plus vitamin D together with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and were screened with the Premenstrual Syndrome Screening Test (PSST)...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297992/emotional-context-modulates-micro-expression-processing-as-reflected-in-event-related-potentials
#12
Ming Zhang, Qiufang Fu, Yu-Hsin Chen, Xiaolan Fu
Micro-expression recognition is influenced by emotional contexts at the behavioral level. It is found that the recognition for micro-expressions is poorer following a negative context compared to the recognition following a neutral context. However, it remains unclear whether the modulation takes place in the early or later stage of the processing of micro-expressions as reflected in event-related potentials (ERPs). Using synthesized micro-expressions in this study, we investigated how emotional context modulates the ERP components that are elicited by micro-expressions...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297988/body-image-attitude-among-chinese-college-students
#13
Kui Wang, Rui Liang, Zhen-Ling Ma, Jue Chen, Eric F C Cheung, David R Roalf, Ruben C Gur, Raymond C K Chan
The present study aimed to examine body image attitude in Chinese college students and related psychological consequences. A silhouette-matching test was administered to 425 college students in mainland China. Self-esteem, negative emotions, subjective well-being, and eating-disorder-related weight-controlling behaviors were also measured. Only 12.9% of the participants were satisfied with their figure and the extent of body image dissatisfaction was comparable for both sexes. The majority of the female participants indicated a preference to be more slender...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297984/well-being-and-moral-identity
#14
Danilo Garcia, Saleh Moradi, Clara Amato, Alexandre Granjard, Kevin Cloninger
The good life is the result of flourishing and resilience, but also of being a morally good person. We found that moral identity was associated with engagement, meaning, the identification and acceptance of others (i.e., cooperativeness), and the sense of being part of something bigger than the self (i.e., self-transcendence).
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297978/a-time-window-of-3-s-in-the-aesthetic-appreciation-of-poems
#15
Chen Zhao, Dongxue Zhang, Yan Bao
We studied the effect of time windows of a few seconds on the aesthetic appreciation of poems. Both Chinese and German subjects rated traditional Chinese poetic verses more beautiful in a time window of approximately 3 s, irrespective of understanding the poetic content. This observation suggests a common temporal preference for poetry appreciation across a different language background.
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235253/an-attempt-at-revisiting-the-factor-structure-of-the-dysexecutive-questionnaire-in-the-chinese-setting
#16
Zhuo-Ya Yang, Sai-Fei Sun, Simon S Y Lui, Hai-Song Shi, Dong-Jie Xie, Wen-Lan Xie, Ya Wang, Eric F C Cheung, David H K Shum, Raymond C K Chan
This study examined the factor structure of the Chinese version of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) in a large nonclinical sample of college students (n = 1,586). All participants completed the self-report version of the DEX. An exploratory factor analysis was first performed on a sub-sample (randomly split, n = 766) and produced a four-factor model (Volition, Intentionality, Inhibition, and Abstract Problem-Solving), which was similar to previous models reported in Western samples. In addition, a series of confirmatory factor analyses was conducted on the remaining sample (n = 820)...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171689/the-moderating-role-of-regulatory-emotional-self-efficacy-on-smoking-craving-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#17
Ming Yuan, Xucheng Guo, Xi Li, Xijing Chen, Chunguang Wang, Yonghui Li
Emotion is presumed as a major reason for smoking, but this hypothesis needs support from data with high ecological validity. Regulatory emotional self-efficacy (RESE) is key for emotion regulation, therefore RESE is likely to moderate the relationship between emotional states and smoking. The present study used the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to record the levels of pleasure, arousal, and smoking craving in 33 male current smokers' daily lives, and examined the moderating effect of RESE in the prediction relationship between emotion and craving...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431282/the-structural-invariance-of-the-temporal-experience-of-pleasure-scale-across-time-and-culture
#18
Zhi Li, Hai-Song Shi, Ori Elis, Zhuo-Ya Yang, Ya Wang, Simon S Y Lui, Eric F C Cheung, Ann M Kring, Raymond C K Chan
The Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS) is a self-report instrument that assesses pleasure experience. Initial scale development and validation in the United States yielded a two-factor solution comprising anticipatory and consummatory pleasure. However, a four-factor model that further parsed anticipatory and consummatory pleasure experience into abstract and contextual components was a better model fit in China. In this study, we tested both models using confirmatory factor analysis in an American and a Chinese sample and examined the configural measurement invariance of both models across culture...
February 12, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431259/the-snow-tire-illusion-different-levels-of-perceptual-assimilation-across-a-single-stimulus-configuration
#19
Tanja Gulan, Pavle Valerjev, Marin Dujmović
While observing a specific traffic sign in the field, we noticed an apparent distortion of size and shape of the circle that contained the sign. This novel illusion manifests as a distortion of the horizontal compared to the vertical dimension of the sign. The illusion seems to be underlined by similar mechanisms to those in the Delboeuf illusion. The aim of our study was to determine the existence and magnitude of the snow tire illusion. We conducted two experiments using the method of constant stimuli. The first experiment was conducted on the standard sign, while in the second, the stimuli were rotated 90° counterclockwise...
February 12, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278314/temporal-segmentation-of-cognitive-processes-in-the-domain-of-a-few-seconds
#20
Yan Bao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: PsyCh Journal
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