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PsyCh Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914498/shared-temptations-an-fmri-study-of-dishonest-profit-maximization
#1
Fabian Simmank
A single case of a tempting-decision task involving financial gain is reported. The subject showed a prosocial Social Value Orientation and applied a profit-maximizing strategy. Differential brain activation patterns for self-serving and other-serving decisions were observed. Results provide new insight into the design of paradigms on bounded ethicality and self- and group-serving behavior.
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914495/acculturation-based-family-conflict-a-validation-of-asian-american-family-conflict-scale-among-chinese-americans
#2
Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Fuhua Zhai, Qin Gao
Acculturation-based family conflicts can influence parent-child relationships and children's development among immigrant families. The Asian American Family Conflict Scale (AAFCS) was developed to measure conflicting practices and values between parents and children in the context of acculturation. Given that considerable cultural and institutional changes have taken place in original countries for the Chinese immigrant population, it is important to investigate whether the factor structure of the AAFCS is appropriate for measuring the attitudes and practices of acculturation among the current Chinese immigrant population...
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884968/boys-have-not-caught-up-family-influences-still-continue-influences-on-executive-functioning-and-behavioral-self-regulation-in-elementary-students-in-germany
#3
Catherine Gunzenhauser, Henrik Saalbach, Antje von Suchodoletz
The development of self-regulation is influenced by various child-level and family-level characteristics. Previous research focusing on the preschool period reported a female advantage in self-regulation and negative effects of various adverse features of the family environment on self-regulation. The present study aimed to investigate growth in self-regulation (i.e., executive functioning and behavioral self-regulation) over 1 school year during early elementary school and to explore the influences of child sex, the level of home chaos, and family educational resources on self-regulation...
September 8, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762676/human-vehicle-embodiment-when-predictability-is-violated
#4
Koji Tanida, Marco Paolini, Sarita Silveira
Embodiment in human-vehicle interaction is higher for perceived safety than for perceived risk. When operational anticipations are violated, experiencing a vehicle as body-extension is negatively correlated with operational effort as indicated by neural activation in the motor system.
August 1, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745453/conscious-awareness-and-time-perception
#5
Carlos Montemayor
This paper examines Zhou, Pöppel, and Bao's 2014 proposal ("In the Jungle of Time: The Concept of Identity as a Way Out," https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00844) to unify the psychology of time through a biological principle concerning identity and homeostasis. Although the present analysis largely agrees with their proposal, it argues that a Dual Model of time (see Montemayor's 2013 monograph, Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time) is needed to account for two important roles in time cognition, one related to navigation and the other to conscious awareness...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745434/dark-personality-profiles-estimating-the-cluster-structure-of-the-dark-triad
#6
Danilo Garcia, Shane MacDonald
We estimated the number of possible dark personality profiles in a large population (N = 18,088) using a subtractive clustering method, which suggested three cluster or dark personality profiles: high malevolent, intermediate malevolent, and low malevolent or benevolent. While the three profiles differed significantly in each dark trait, there was a considerably large cluster overlap.
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745427/relationship-between-work-family-balance-and-job-satisfaction-among-employees-in-china-a-moderated-mediation-model
#7
Yue Yu, Yuchen Wang, Jianxin Zhang
Previous studies have revealed the association between work-family balance and job satisfaction. The present research further explored the underlying mechanism of this association and aimed to provide a moderated mediation model to explain if personality traits moderate the relationship between work-family balance and job satisfaction through work engagement. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 263 employees from a petrochemical enterprise in China completed self-report questionnaires including the Work-Family Balance Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Big Five Inventory-10, and the Job Satisfaction Scale...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708267/moderating-effect-of-age-on-the-association-between-future-time-perspective-and-preventive-coping
#8
Tao Chen, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Xing-Jie Chen, Hai-Song Shi, David L Neumann, David H K Shum, Ya Wang, Raymond C K Chan
The present study aimed to investigate the moderating effect of age on the relationship between future time perspective (FTP) and future-oriented coping. A total of 1,915 participants aged 9-84 years completed measures of FTP and future-oriented coping. Moderation analyses were conducted to examine whether age played a role in the association between FTP and future-oriented coping (proactive and preventive). Results showed that proactive and preventive coping were negatively correlated with age, and age moderated the association between FTP and preventive coping but not proactive coping...
July 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613018/a-pilot-study-on-the-chinese-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-in-detecting-feigned-mental-disorders-simulators-classified-by-using-the-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms
#9
Yi-Ting Chang, Wai-Cheong C Tam, Yung-Jong Shiah, Shih-Kuang Chiang
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is often used in forensic psychological/psychiatric assessment. This was a pilot study on the utility of the Chinese MMPI-2 in detecting feigned mental disorders. The sample consisted of 194 university students who were either simulators (informed or uninformed) or controls. All the participants were administered the Chinese MMPI-2 and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). The results of the SIRS-2 were utilized to classify the participants into the feigning or control groups...
June 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660744/reconceptualizing-mental-disorders-from-symptoms-to-organs
#10
Mario Bunge
Most mental pathologies are diagnosed on the sole basis of the symptoms reported by patients, such as "I'm feeling low." The thrust of this paper is the proposal to reconceptualize mental disorders as dysfunctions of brain subsystems. This shift from symptom to organ would bring psychiatry in line with the rest of medicine, and is analogous to the change in status of venereal infections from skin pathologies, such as chancres, to bacterial infections. The proposal in question is part of the reconceptualization of mental processes as brain processes, in line with the materialist conception of the mind as neural...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660743/single-case-studies-as-a-prime-example-for-exploratory-research
#11
EDITORIAL
Yan Bao, Ernst Pöppel, Yuliya Zaytseva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660742/the-third-abstraction-of-the-chinese-artist-laozhu-neural-and-behavioral-indicators-of-aesthetic-appreciation
#12
Yan Bao, Taoxi Yang, Jinfan Zhang, Jiyuan Zhang, Xiaoxiong Lin, Marco Paolini, Ernst Pöppel, Sarita Silveira
The eminent Chinese artist LaoZhu has created a homogeneous set of abstract pictures that are referred to as the "third abstraction." By definition, these pictures are meant to be representations of the artist's personal involvement and as such to create an internal point of view in the observer on an implicit level of processing. Aiming at investigating whether the artist's choice of a specific color is experienced in a specific way in the recipient, we assessed both explicit and implicit (i.e. neurocognitive) correlates in naive viewers of LaoZhu's pieces...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660741/split-brain-phenomena-in-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-rupture-a-case-report
#13
Natalya Korsakova, Elizabeth Liebson, Lena Moskovich
In 1976, a patient with an anterior communicating artery aneurysm (ACoAA) rupture (diagnosed on angiography) and sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) underwent serial neuropsychological testing revealing a classical anterior cerebral artery (ACA) spasm picture with severe anterograde amnesia of Korsakoff's type and dysexecutive syndrome. In addition, the patient demonstrated impaired hemispheric interaction with alien hand syndrome, dyscopia-dysgraphia, complete left ear neglect, and other, more complex, split-brain phenomena...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514063/where-are-you-heading-flexible-integration-of-retinal-and-extra-retinal-cues-during-self-motion-perception
#14
Shenbing Kuang, Jinfu Shi, Yang Wang, Tao Zhang
As we move forward in the environment, we experience a radial expansion of the retinal image, wherein the center corresponds to the instantaneous direction of self-motion. Humans can precisely perceive their heading direction even when the retinal motion is distorted by gaze shifts due to eye/body rotations. Previous studies have suggested that both retinal and extra-retinal strategies can compensate for the retinal image distortion. However, the relative contributions of each strategy remain unclear. To address this issue, we devised a two-alternative-headings discrimination task, in which participants had either real or simulated pursuit eye movements...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561997/defining-moments-for-conscious-time-and-content
#15
Virginie van Wassenhove
The spatiotemporal scales of natural phenomena define the observational granularity needed for scientific characterization. In cognitive neurosciences, neural oscillations delineate temporal scales that may naturally provide the computational resolution for information processing in the brain. Do neural oscillations define moments for the perception of time?
May 31, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544739/factor-analysis-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-dark-triad-dirty-dozen
#16
Danilo Garcia, Shane MacDonald, Max Rapp-Ricciardi
The aim of this study was to test the proposed three-factor structure of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen measure. A confirmatory factor analysis showed mixed evidence for model fit. In contrast to expectations, men did not score significantly higher than women in Machiavellianism and narcissism. Nevertheless, men scored higher than women in psychopathy.
May 22, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#17
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422439/does-touch-inhibit-visual-imagery-a-case-study-on-acquired-blindness
#18
Jana von Trott Zu Solz, Marco Paolini, Sarita Silveira
In a single-case study of acquired blindness, differential brain activation patterns for visual imagery of familiar objects with and without tactile exploration as well as of tactilely explored unfamiliar objects were observed. Results provide new insight into retrieval of visual images from episodic memory and point toward a potential tactile inhibition of visual imagery.
April 19, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422427/is-motor-imagery-different-in-catatonic-schizophrenia
#19
Yuliya Zaytseva, Alexandra Morozova, Marie Bendova, Zhanna Garakh
Catatonic schizophrenia, a rare subtype in this disease group, is characterized by motor disturbances. The current study investigated the reactivity of electroencephalographic mu rhythm in a motion imagery task in two single cases of first-episode catatonic schizophrenia, assuming they would show less mu rhythm reduction compared to paranoid schizophrenic patients and healthy controls.
April 19, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371556/the-influence-of-parenting-on-mexican-american-children-s-self-regulation
#20
Guadalupe Díaz, Megan M McClelland
Parental practices and beliefs have been recognized as having an important influence on the development of children's self-regulation. Using a mixed methods approach, the present study explored how parental practices and beliefs influence low-income Mexican American children's (N = 44) self-regulation during the fall of preschool. Quantitative results indicated that the family learning environment and parental control were significantly related to stronger self-regulation in Mexican American children from low-income families...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
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