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PsyCh Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063704/way-finding-strategies-of-blind-persons-in-urban-scale
#1
Didem Kan-Kilic, Fehmi Dogan
The aim of this study was to determine whether urban environments with different prominent sensory inputs have an impact on the way-finding strategies of blind people and to identify these impacts, where applicable. We specifically investigated how blind people use their senses to compensate for the lack of visual information and how the priority of senses changes according to the urban context. The participants of the study consisted of nine congenitally blind individuals and the study took place in two urban settings: a dense urban district, Kemeralti district in İzmir; and an urban park, the İzmir Fair Park...
October 24, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063701/jealousy-and-relationship-satisfaction-among-indonesian-dating-adults
#2
Karel K Himawan
This study aimed to explore the link between jealousy and relationship satisfaction among dating adults in Indonesia. A survey of 150 adults showed that, while the overall level of jealousy was not significantly correlated with relationship satisfaction, correlations exist between relationship satisfaction and certain aspects of jealousy.
October 24, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035008/average-mid-sleep-time-as-a-proxy-for-circadian-phase
#3
Thomas Kantermann, Helen J Burgess
Assessments of circadian phase using melatonin are laborious. Sleep-time indices allow for less laborious phase calculations, but common indices weakly represent melatonin phase. We show how a single sleep-time assessment can represent melatonin phase by over 60%, improving the use of subjective sleep to mirror objective circadian phase.
October 16, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994267/pupillary-light-reflex-and-circadian-synchronization-in-the-elderly
#4
Philipp Novotny, Herbert Plischke
Most elderly lack a synchronized circadian rhythm and often cannot benefit from light therapy. Non-visual effects of light are mediated through intrinsic photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). With chromatic pupillometry, the functionality of ipRGCs and their functional circuit in the brain can be tested.
October 10, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994246/time-to-learn-how-chronotype-impacts-education
#5
REVIEW
Giulia Zerbini, Martha Merrow
A growing body of literature has linked chronotype and sleep to school performance. Chronotype is under the control of the circadian clock and refers to sleep timing and diurnal preferences. Chronotype changes with age and is latest during adolescence, giving rise to a mismatch between the (late) circadian clock and the (early) school clock. In general, evening (late) chronotypes obtain lower grades. School performance is influenced by many other factors, such as motivation, intelligence, and conscientiousness...
October 10, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914498/shared-temptations-an-fmri-study-of-dishonest-profit-maximization
#6
Fabian Simmank
A single case of a tempting-decision task involving financial gain is reported. The subject showed a prosocial Social Value Orientation and applied a profit-maximizing strategy. Differential brain activation patterns for self-serving and other-serving decisions were observed. Results provide new insight into the design of paradigms on bounded ethicality and self- and group-serving behavior.
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914495/acculturation-based-family-conflict-a-validation-of-asian-american-family-conflict-scale-among-chinese-americans
#7
Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Fuhua Zhai, Qin Gao
Acculturation-based family conflicts can influence parent-child relationships and children's development among immigrant families. The Asian American Family Conflict Scale (AAFCS) was developed to measure conflicting practices and values between parents and children in the context of acculturation. Given that considerable cultural and institutional changes have taken place in original countries for the Chinese immigrant population, it is important to investigate whether the factor structure of the AAFCS is appropriate for measuring the attitudes and practices of acculturation among the current Chinese immigrant population...
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884968/boys-have-not-caught-up-family-influences-still-continue-influences-on-executive-functioning-and-behavioral-self-regulation-in-elementary-students-in-germany
#8
Catherine Gunzenhauser, Henrik Saalbach, Antje von Suchodoletz
The development of self-regulation is influenced by various child-level and family-level characteristics. Previous research focusing on the preschool period reported a female advantage in self-regulation and negative effects of various adverse features of the family environment on self-regulation. The present study aimed to investigate growth in self-regulation (i.e., executive functioning and behavioral self-regulation) over 1 school year during early elementary school and to explore the influences of child sex, the level of home chaos, and family educational resources on self-regulation...
September 8, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952208/retraction-boys-have-caught-up-family-influences-still-continue-influences-on-executive-functioning-and-behavioral-self-regulation-in-elementary-students-in-germany-by-catherine-gunzenhauser-henrik-saalbach-and-antje-von-suchodoletz
#9
(no author information available yet)
The above article, published online on 29 March 2017 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editors-in-Chief, Ernst Pöppel and Jianxin Zhang, and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. The retraction has been agreed upon due to an error that may influence the result and accuracy of the content, which would have implications for how readers use the article. Reference Gunzenhauser, C., Saalbach, H., & von Suchodoletz, A. (2017). Boys have caught up, family influences still continue: Influences on executive functioning and behavioral self-regulation in elementary students in Germany...
September 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952207/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952206/would-more-social-partners-leads-to-enhanced-health-the-paradox-between-quantity-and-quality
#11
Cai Xing, Xin Zhang, Sheung-Tak Cheng
In the current investigation, we examined the association between social network composition (SNC) and mental health, as well as whether quantity and quality of social network could influence mental health differently. The social network quantity and quality of 345 middle-aged and older Chinese adults were measured by the Social Convoy Questionnaire. The Chinese version of the Medical Outcome Studies 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to assess mental health while controlling for physical health...
September 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762676/human-vehicle-embodiment-when-predictability-is-violated
#12
Koji Tanida, Marco Paolini, Sarita Silveira
Embodiment in human-vehicle interaction is higher for perceived safety than for perceived risk. When operational anticipations are violated, experiencing a vehicle as body-extension is negatively correlated with operational effort as indicated by neural activation in the motor system.
August 1, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745453/conscious-awareness-and-time-perception
#13
Carlos Montemayor
This paper examines Zhou, Pöppel, and Bao's 2014 proposal ("In the Jungle of Time: The Concept of Identity as a Way Out," https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00844) to unify the psychology of time through a biological principle concerning identity and homeostasis. Although the present analysis largely agrees with their proposal, it argues that a Dual Model of time (see Montemayor's 2013 monograph, Minding Time: A Philosophical and Theoretical Approach to the Psychology of Time) is needed to account for two important roles in time cognition, one related to navigation and the other to conscious awareness...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745434/dark-personality-profiles-estimating-the-cluster-structure-of-the-dark-triad
#14
Danilo Garcia, Shane MacDonald
We estimated the number of possible dark personality profiles in a large population (N = 18,088) using a subtractive clustering method, which suggested three cluster or dark personality profiles: high malevolent, intermediate malevolent, and low malevolent or benevolent. While the three profiles differed significantly in each dark trait, there was a considerably large cluster overlap.
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745427/relationship-between-work-family-balance-and-job-satisfaction-among-employees-in-china-a-moderated-mediation-model
#15
Yue Yu, Yuchen Wang, Jianxin Zhang
Previous studies have revealed the association between work-family balance and job satisfaction. The present research further explored the underlying mechanism of this association and aimed to provide a moderated mediation model to explain if personality traits moderate the relationship between work-family balance and job satisfaction through work engagement. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 263 employees from a petrochemical enterprise in China completed self-report questionnaires including the Work-Family Balance Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Big Five Inventory-10, and the Job Satisfaction Scale...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708267/moderating-effect-of-age-on-the-association-between-future-time-perspective-and-preventive-coping
#16
Tao Chen, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Xing-Jie Chen, Hai-Song Shi, David L Neumann, David H K Shum, Ya Wang, Raymond C K Chan
The present study aimed to investigate the moderating effect of age on the relationship between future time perspective (FTP) and future-oriented coping. A total of 1,915 participants aged 9-84 years completed measures of FTP and future-oriented coping. Moderation analyses were conducted to examine whether age played a role in the association between FTP and future-oriented coping (proactive and preventive). Results showed that proactive and preventive coping were negatively correlated with age, and age moderated the association between FTP and preventive coping but not proactive coping...
July 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613018/a-pilot-study-on-the-chinese-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-in-detecting-feigned-mental-disorders-simulators-classified-by-using-the-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms
#17
Yi-Ting Chang, Wai-Cheong C Tam, Yung-Jong Shiah, Shih-Kuang Chiang
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is often used in forensic psychological/psychiatric assessment. This was a pilot study on the utility of the Chinese MMPI-2 in detecting feigned mental disorders. The sample consisted of 194 university students who were either simulators (informed or uninformed) or controls. All the participants were administered the Chinese MMPI-2 and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). The results of the SIRS-2 were utilized to classify the participants into the feigning or control groups...
June 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660744/reconceptualizing-mental-disorders-from-symptoms-to-organs
#18
Mario Bunge
Most mental pathologies are diagnosed on the sole basis of the symptoms reported by patients, such as "I'm feeling low." The thrust of this paper is the proposal to reconceptualize mental disorders as dysfunctions of brain subsystems. This shift from symptom to organ would bring psychiatry in line with the rest of medicine, and is analogous to the change in status of venereal infections from skin pathologies, such as chancres, to bacterial infections. The proposal in question is part of the reconceptualization of mental processes as brain processes, in line with the materialist conception of the mind as neural...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660743/single-case-studies-as-a-prime-example-for-exploratory-research
#19
EDITORIAL
Yan Bao, Ernst Pöppel, Yuliya Zaytseva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660742/the-third-abstraction-of-the-chinese-artist-laozhu-neural-and-behavioral-indicators-of-aesthetic-appreciation
#20
Yan Bao, Taoxi Yang, Jinfan Zhang, Jiyuan Zhang, Xiaoxiong Lin, Marco Paolini, Ernst Pöppel, Sarita Silveira
The eminent Chinese artist LaoZhu has created a homogeneous set of abstract pictures that are referred to as the "third abstraction." By definition, these pictures are meant to be representations of the artist's personal involvement and as such to create an internal point of view in the observer on an implicit level of processing. Aiming at investigating whether the artist's choice of a specific color is experienced in a specific way in the recipient, we assessed both explicit and implicit (i.e. neurocognitive) correlates in naive viewers of LaoZhu's pieces...
June 2017: PsyCh Journal
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