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PsyCh Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544739/factor-analysis-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-dark-triad-dirty-dozen
#1
Danilo Garcia, Shane MacDonald, Max Rapp-Ricciardi
The aim of this study was to test the proposed three-factor structure of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen measure. A confirmatory factor analysis showed mixed evidence for model fit. In contrast to expectations, men did not score significantly higher than women in Machiavellianism and narcissism. Nevertheless, men scored higher than women in psychopathy.
May 22, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514063/where-are-you-heading-flexible-integration-of-retinal-and-extra-retinal-cues-during-self-motion-perception
#2
Shenbing Kuang, Jinfu Shi, Yang Wang, Tao Zhang
As we move forward in the environment, we experience a radial expansion of the retinal image, wherein the center corresponds to the instantaneous direction of self-motion. Humans can precisely perceive their heading direction even when the retinal motion is distorted by gaze shifts due to eye/body rotations. Previous studies have suggested that both retinal and extra-retinal strategies can compensate for the retinal image distortion. However, the relative contributions of each strategy remain unclear. To address this issue, we devised a two-alternative-headings discrimination task, in which participants had either real or simulated pursuit eye movements...
May 17, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#3
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422439/does-touch-inhibit-visual-imagery-a-case-study-on-acquired-blindness
#4
Jana von Trott Zu Solz, Marco Paolini, Sarita Silveira
In a single-case study of acquired blindness, differential brain activation patterns for visual imagery of familiar objects with and without tactile exploration as well as of tactilely explored unfamiliar objects were observed. Results provide new insight into retrieval of visual images from episodic memory and point toward a potential tactile inhibition of visual imagery.
April 19, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422427/is-motor-imagery-different-in-catatonic-schizophrenia
#5
Yuliya Zaytseva, Alexandra Morozova, Marie Bendova, Zhanna Garakh
Catatonic schizophrenia, a rare subtype in this disease group, is characterized by motor disturbances. The current study investigated the reactivity of electroencephalographic mu rhythm in a motion imagery task in two single cases of first-episode catatonic schizophrenia, assuming they would show less mu rhythm reduction compared to paranoid schizophrenic patients and healthy controls.
April 19, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371556/the-influence-of-parenting-on-mexican-american-children-s-self-regulation
#6
Guadalupe Díaz, Megan M McClelland
Parental practices and beliefs have been recognized as having an important influence on the development of children's self-regulation. Using a mixed methods approach, the present study explored how parental practices and beliefs influence low-income Mexican American children's (N = 44) self-regulation during the fall of preschool. Quantitative results indicated that the family learning environment and parental control were significantly related to stronger self-regulation in Mexican American children from low-income families...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371555/delay-of-gratification-in-middle-childhood-extending-the-utility-and-sensitivity-of-the-standard-task
#7
Jennifer Wilson, Glenda Andrews, David H K Shum
The ability to delay gratification is an important aspect of the development of self-regulation and executive functioning. Standard tasks to assess delay of gratification are typically only useful up to age 5 years. A modified task was developed and administered to a sample of 126 (59 males and 67 females) typically developing Australian children aged 5-12 years. Results showed that 7-year-olds were significantly more likely to delay than 5-year-olds. A ceiling effect was observed from age 7 onwards. Performance on the modified task correlated significantly with other executive functioning tasks, demonstrating the convergent validity of the task...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371554/adapting-an-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-parent-training-intervention-to-different-cultural-contexts-the-experience-of-implementing-the-new-forest-parenting-programme-in-china-denmark-hong-kong-japan-and-the-united-kingdom
#8
Margaret J J Thompson, Alma Au, Cathy Laver-Bradbury, Anne-Mette Lange, Gail Tripp, Shizuka Shimabukuro, Jin S Zhang, Lan Shuai, Catherine E Thompson, David Daley, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
The New Forest Parenting Programme (NFPP) is a parenting program developed for parents who have a child with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a manualized program that is delivered in a parent's home over 8 weeks, or in a group format, or through a self-help manual. Three randomized controlled trials have been carried out in the United Kingdom. The NFPP group has adapted the program according to feedback from parents and therapists, and for use with different populations, both within the United Kingdom and internationally...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371553/measuring-executive-function-in-indian-mothers-and-their-4-year-old-daughters
#9
Antje von Suchodoletz, Pauline L Slot, Delshad M Shroff
Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371551/boys-have-caught-up-family-influences-still-continue-influences-on-executive-functioning-and-behavioral-self-regulation-in-elementary-students-in-germany
#10
Catherine Gunzenhauser, Henrik Saalbach, Antje von Suchodoletz
The development of self-regulation is influenced by various child-level and family-level characteristics. Previous research focusing on the preschool period has reported a female advantage in self-regulation and negative effects of various adverse features of the family environment on self-regulation. The present study aimed to investigate growth in self-regulation (i.e., executive functioning and behavioral self-regulation) over 1 school year during early elementary school and to explore the influences of child sex, the level of home chaos, and family educational resources on self-regulation...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371550/developing-minds-self-regulation-in-children-and-adolescents-across-the-globe
#11
EDITORIAL
Alma Au, Catherine Gunzenhauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371549/cognitive-self-regulation-and-social-functioning-among-french-children-a-longitudinal-study-from-kindergarten-to-first-grade
#12
Blandine Hubert, Philippe Guimard, Agnès Florin
This study adds to the body of research examining the links between two components of cognitive self-regulation (inhibitory control and verbal working memory) and social functioning (social integration, social problem solving, and prosocial skills) and focuses on children's sex as a moderator of the association between cognitive self-regulation and social functioning. The participants (N = 131) were French schoolchildren followed from kindergarten (Mage = 68.36 months, SD = 3.33 months) through Grade 1. Using hierarchical regression analyses, three major findings were revealed: (1) inhibitory control was a better predictor than verbal working memory of prosocial skills assessed by peers using the sociometric technique as well as by teachers using questionnaires, after controlling for sex, mother's education, and verbal and non-verbal IQ; (2) the prosocial skills assessed by teachers in kindergarten contributed more to explaining the prosocial skills and peer acceptance assessed in Grade 1 than cognitive self-regulation; and (3) sex did not moderate the relationship between cognitive self-regulation and social functioning...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185430/the-development-of-mentoring-relationship-quality-future-planning-style-and-career-goal-setting-among-adolescents-from-a-disadvantaged-background
#13
Wendy S Y Lau, Xiao-Chun Zhou, Simon M K Lai
Our behaviors are regulated by our perception of the future based on past experiences and knowledge. Children from a disadvantaged background might encounter obstacles more frequently when they plan their future. It is possible that a good relationship with an adult volunteer who provides assistance and guidance in the disadvantaged youth's development may facilitate their future-planning style and career goal setting. The present study investigated the role of a good mentoring relationship in promoting a disadvantaged youth's future-planning style and goal-setting ability...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105766/sex-and-dark-times-strategy-the-dark-triad-and-time-perspective
#14
Fernando R G Moraga, Ali A Nima, Danilo Garcia
We investigated the effect of sex on associations between dark traits and time perspective dimensions. Responses by participants (N = 338) to the Short Dark Triad Inventory and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory showed that while sex was involved in different time perspective associations of Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism, it did not moderate the dark times' strategy.
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032477/abstracts
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032476/conflict-processing-among-multiple-frames-of-reference
#16
Weizhi Nan, Qi Li, Yanlong Sun, Hongbin Wang, Xun Liu
People rely on multiple frames of reference (FORs) to represent and update spatial relationships of different objects in a complex environment. According to the "Frame of Reference-based Map of Salience" theory (FORMS), FORs with high salience are processed in priority, and human performance is determined by the interaction of all relevant FOR-based representations. We conducted a modified two-cannon task manipulating conflicts among FORs (e.g., egocentric [FOR-EFOR], intrinsic [FOR-IFOR]) in order to explore how FORs interact with each other...
December 2016: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032475/sense-of-control-and-adolescents-aggression-the-role-of-aggressive-cues
#17
Xucheng Guo, Vincent Egan, Jianxin Zhang
The misperception of aggressive cues is considered a risk factor for inducing adolescent aggression. Poor coping with life stress is also considered a major influence on aggression. The current study examined the relationship between subjective sense of control and adolescent aggression, considering influences upon the perception of these aggressive cues. In Study 1, 60 participants took part in a 2 (sense of control: high sense of control vs. low sense of control) × 2 (aggressive cue: aggressive vs. neutral) between-subjects contextual experiment...
December 2016: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718341/developmental-trajectory-of-time-perspective-from-children-to-older-adults
#18
Tao Chen, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Xing-Jie Chen, Ya Wang
Time perspective is a fundamental dimension of the psychological time construct, with a pervasive and powerful influence on human behavior. However, the developmental trajectory of time perspective across a human lifespan remains unclear. The current study aimed to portray the developmental trajectory of all dimensions of time perspectives from children to older adults in a large sample. A total of 1,901 individuals (aged 9-84 years) completed measures of time perspective. They were then divided into five age groups: children, teenagers, young adults, middle-aged adults, and older adults...
December 2016: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718340/a-trend-toward-smaller-optical-angles-and-medial-ocular-distance-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-but-not-in-bipolar-and-major-depressive-disorders
#19
Yi Wang, Yi Deng, Zhi Li, Xu Li, Chen-Yuan Zhang, Zhen Jin, Ming-Xia Fan, Michael T Compton, Eric F C Cheung, Kelvin O Lim, Raymond C K Chan
Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle signs of fetal developmental abnormalities that have been considered to be among the most replicated risk markers for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. However, quantitative approaches are needed to measure craniofacial MPAs. The present study adopted an imaging-based quantitative approach to examine craniofacial MPAs across the spectrum of schizophrenia and affective disorders, to address their sensitivity and specificity. We sampled 31 patients with schizophrenia, 30 of their unaffected relatives, and 30 individuals with schizotypal personality traits, as well as 37 non-schizotypal controls...
December 2016: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667317/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-anticipatory-and-consummatory-interpersonal-pleasure-scale
#20
Raymond C K Chan, Zhuo-Ya Yang, Zhi Li, Dong-Jie Xie, Diane C Gooding
Social anhedonia, the reduced capacity for social and interpersonal pleasure, often accompanies several forms of psychopathology. The goal of the present study was to validate the Chinese translation of the Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale (ACIPS), a promising new tool for the assessment of individual differences in social pleasure. The Chinese versions of the ACIPS, the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS), and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) were administered to 389 nonclinical adults...
December 2016: PsyCh Journal
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