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PsyCh Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176699/comparison-of-privacy-consciousness-between-japanese-and-taiwanese
#1
Naoya Tabata, Hirotsune Sato, Katsumi Ninomiya, Chika Yamamoto
This study compared privacy consciousness between Japanese (n = 211) and Taiwanese (n = 308) high school students, who responded to the Privacy Consciousness Scale. Results indicated that Taiwanese students had higher privacy consciousness for the self and others than Japanese students.
September 3, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165728/the-effects-of-the-psychodrama-in-instilling-empathy-and-self-awareness-a-pilot-study
#2
Turkan Dogan
This pilot study investigated the effects of psychodrama on the counseling skills (mainly empathy) and on increasing the self-awareness of 23 counseling undergraduate students. Participants attended 12 psychodrama sessions over 3 months. Data were gathered by using the Empathic Tendency Scale and a personal information form. The study used the mixed method research design, which combines qualitative and quantitative methods. The quantitative aspect of the study involved the use of pretest-posttest experimental and control group design with random assignment, while the qualitative aspect utilized the methods of case study, observation, and interview...
August 30, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113133/the-effects-of-work-family-interface-on-domain-specific-satisfaction-and-well-being-across-nations-the-moderating-effects-of-individualistic-culture-and-economic-development
#3
REVIEW
Shan Xu, Yanling Wang, Ren Mu, Jiafei Jin, Feiyi Gao
Work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE) have been shown to be important predictors of employees' domain-specific satisfaction and well-being. In this meta-analysis, we consider how the effects of WFC/WFE on various outcomes differ across different national cultures and economic settings. We hypothesized that WFC would have stronger effects on employees' domain-specific satisfaction and well-being in high individualistic nations and economies with higher levels of economic development, whereas WFE would have stronger effects on employees' domain-specific satisfaction and well-being in low individualistic nations and economies with lower levels of economic development...
August 16, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028907/nonparametric-extraction-of-oscillations-in-short-time-series
#4
Xiang Li, Ernst Pöppel, Yan Bao
Oscillations are important for functional homeostasis. However, the oscillatory processes are sometimes masked by noise. A nonparametric method to extract oscillatory components does not assume stability in period or amplitude, it is resistant to linear components and phase insensitive, and it allows statistical inference.
July 20, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943899/light-exposure-via-a-head-mounted-device-suppresses-melatonin-and-improves-vigilant-attention-without-affecting-cortisol-and-comfort
#5
Christina Schmidt, Marine Xhrouet, Manon Hamacher, Eric Delloye, Caroline LeGoff, Etienne Cavalier, Fabienne Collette, Gilles Vandewalle
We aimed at assessing whether a head-mounted light therapy device, enriched in blue wavelengths, suppresses melatonin secretion and improves vigilant attention in the late evening hours. We also assessed whether using such light device is associated with discomfort and physiological stress. Seventeen healthy young participants (eight females) participated in a counterbalanced within-subject design during which they were exposed for 2 hr before habitual sleep time to a blue-enriched light (1500 lx) or to a lower intensity red-light (150 lx) control condition, using a new-generation light emitting diode (LED) head-mounted device...
June 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176698/erratum
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113134/heritability-estimates-of-spatial-working-memory-and-set-shifting-in-a-healthy-chinese-twin-sample-a-preliminary-study
#7
Han-Yu Zhou, Zhi Li, Dong-Jie Xie, Ting Xu, Eric E F Cheung, Huanhuan Li, Raymond C K Chan
Impairments in spatial working memory (SWM) and set-shifting abilities have both been consistently observed in individuals with schizophrenia and are considered to be potential endophenotypes of this illness. However, an endophenotype needs to fulfill a set of stringent criteria, including heritability. This study examined the heritability of these two functions in a healthy Chinese twin sample. Forty-five pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins and 35 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins completed the SWM task and the Intra-Extra Dimensional Set-Shifting (IED) task of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019859/the-greek-version-of-the-mcmaster-family-assessment-device
#8
Anastasia Tsamparli, Ioanna Petmeza, Geraldine McCarthy, Dimitrios Adamis
The Family Assessment Device (FAD) is a self-report questionnaire, developed to assess the six dimensions of the McMaster Model of Family Functioning. It has been translated into the Greek language but never validated. We aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the FAD in a nonclinical sample. In a sample of Greek families, the FAD was administered together with the already validated Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-III). In a subsample of 96 individual participants, the scales were administered again after 1 month...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015375/extraversion-and-happiness-the-mediating-role-of-social-support-and-hope
#9
Chee-Seng Tan, Sew-Kim Low, Glory Nancy Viapude
Studies have found that extraversion enhances happiness indirectly through social support. However, it is unclear how social support may be connected to happiness. On the basis of a literature review, we hypothesize that individual hope may play an important role in the relationship between social support and happiness. Using a serial mediation model, the present study attempted to investigate the hypothetical mediating role of hope in the relationship between extraversion and happiness and between social support and happiness...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974646/the-relationships-between-environmental-sensitivity-ecological-worldview-personal-norms-and-pro-environmental-behaviors-in-chinese-children-testing-the-value-belief-norm-model-with-environmental-sensitivity-as-an-emotional-basis
#10
Lingqiong Wu
This study addresses the relationships that ecological worldview, environmental sensitivity, and personal norms have with pro-environmental behaviors in a particular child population in urban China. The survey questionnaires were distributed to 410 Grade 6 students from eight Green Schools in Shenzhen, China. The sample included 223 (54.3%) boys and 187 (45.6%) girls with ages ranging from 10 to 13 years. The results from structural equation modelling reveal that environmental sensitivity and personal norms were two critical factors in determining students' pro-environmental behaviors...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939489/when-human-intelligence-meets-artificial-intelligence
#11
Jifan Zhou, Mowei Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932492/proactive-personality-and-mental-health-the-role-of-job-crafting
#12
Liqun Zhang, HaiRong Lu, Feng Li
In this study, we examined the relationships among proactive personality, job crafting, and mental health. A total of 1971 full-time Chinese employees completed the survey. The results of structural equation modeling analyses indicated that job crafting mediated the positive relationship between proactive personality and mental health.
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697207/self-descriptions-on-linkedin-recruitment-or-friendship-identity
#13
Danilo Garcia, Kevin M Cloninger, Alexandre Granjard, Kristian Molander-Söderholm, Clara Amato, Sverker Sikström
We used quantitative semantics to find clusters of words in LinkedIn users' self-descriptions to an employer or a friend. Some of these clusters discriminated between worker and friend conditions (e.g., flexible vs. caring) and between LinkedIn users with high and low education (e.g., analytical vs. messy).
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944782/when-money-meets-morality-human-universals-and-cultural-differences
#14
Xinyue Zhou, Qian Yang, Xiaomeng Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719136/relations-between-scanning-and-recognition-of-own-and-other-race-faces-in-6-and-9-month-old-infants
#15
Shaoying Liu, Paul C Quinn, Naiqi G Xiao, Zhijun Wu, Guangxi Liu, Kang Lee
Infants typically see more own-race faces than other-race faces. Existing evidence shows that this difference in face race experience has profound consequences for face processing: as early as 6 months of age, infants scan own- and other-race faces differently and display superior recognition for own- relative to other-race faces. However, it is unclear whether scanning of own-race faces is related to the own-race recognition advantage in infants. To bridge this gap in the literature, the current study used eye tracking to investigate the relation between own-race face scanning and recognition in 6- and 9-month-old Asian infants (N = 82)...
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673116/intrinsic-spontaneous-brain-activity-predicts-individual-variability-in-associative-memory-in-older-adults
#16
Zhiwei Zheng, Rui Li, Fengqiu Xiao, Rongqiao He, Shouzi Zhang, Juan Li
Older adults demonstrate notable individual differences in associative memory. Here, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) was used to investigate whether intrinsic brain activity at rest could predict individual differences in associative memory among cognitively healthy older adults. Regional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) analysis and a correlation-based resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) approach were used to analyze data acquired from 102 cognitively normal elderly who completed the paired-associative learning test (PALT) and underwent fMRI scans...
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578314/aspiring-personality-patients-waiting-for-obesity-treatment
#17
Danilo Garcia, Henrik Forssell, Kevin M Cloninger
The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in temperament and character between patients (N = 70) waiting for obesity surgery and the general population. Patients waiting for obesity surgery scored higher in Harm-Avoidance, Reward Dependence, Persistence, and Cooperativeness and also lower in Self-Directedness.
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431282/the-structural-invariance-of-the-temporal-experience-of-pleasure-scale-across-time-and-culture
#18
Zhi Li, Hai-Song Shi, Ori Elis, Zhuo-Ya Yang, Ya Wang, Simon S Y Lui, Eric F C Cheung, Ann M Kring, Raymond C K Chan
The Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS) is a self-report instrument that assesses pleasure experience. Initial scale development and validation in the United States yielded a two-factor solution comprising anticipatory and consummatory pleasure. However, a four-factor model that further parsed anticipatory and consummatory pleasure experience into abstract and contextual components was a better model fit in China. In this study, we tested both models using confirmatory factor analysis in an American and a Chinese sample and examined the configural measurement invariance of both models across culture...
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431259/the-snow-tire-illusion-different-levels-of-perceptual-assimilation-across-a-single-stimulus-configuration
#19
Tanja Gulan, Pavle Valerjev, Marin Dujmović
While observing a specific traffic sign in the field, we noticed an apparent distortion of size and shape of the circle that contained the sign. This novel illusion manifests as a distortion of the horizontal compared to the vertical dimension of the sign. The illusion seems to be underlined by similar mechanisms to those in the Delboeuf illusion. The aim of our study was to determine the existence and magnitude of the snow tire illusion. We conducted two experiments using the method of constant stimuli. The first experiment was conducted on the standard sign, while in the second, the stimuli were rotated 90° counterclockwise...
June 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392847/treatment-of-premenstrual-syndrome-appraising-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-addition-to-calcium-supplement-plus-vitamin-d
#20
Zahra Karimi, Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi, Ahmad Alipour, Tayebeh Mohtashami
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) consists of repetitious physical and psychological symptoms. The symptoms occur during the luteal phase of the menstrual period and cease when the menstrual period starts. This study included pre-test and post-test experiments between a control group and a test group. The statistical population involved 40 females, chosen based on multistage cluster sampling. The participants were then divided into four groups to undergo treatment with calcium supplement plus vitamin D together with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and were screened with the Premenstrual Syndrome Screening Test (PSST)...
March 2018: PsyCh Journal
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