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PsyCh Journal

Ze Zhang, Weitao Zhang, Xiaofei Wu, Tengteng Tan, Jing Luo
We tested the incubation effect on promoting problem-solving insight in a "test-incubation-retest" procedure in different groups receiving a reward notification (RN) before or after the incubation phase, or no RN. Only RN given before incubation significantly promoted creative performance, implying that incubation may help optimize the promoting effects of reward on creativity.
November 8, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Bin Zhou, Taoxi Yang, Yan Bao
While the abrupt onset of a peripheral visual cue usually leads to speeded responses to following targets at the cued relative to other positions, responses are slowed if targets lag behind the cue by more than ~200 ms. This response delay is termed inhibition of return (IOR) and has been considered as a mechanism to orient behavior toward novel areas. IOR has been found in both detection and discrimination tasks with later onset in discrimination tasks, probably due to a higher processing demand. Here we examined whether the processing demand of cues can modulate IOR in the detection task...
October 29, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Joseph Glicksohn, Aviva Berkovich-Ohana
Time production (TP) with or without chronometric counting both instantiates and reflects the working of an internal clock, as originally posited by Treisman. We exploit the fact that a number of experienced meditators, who had previously participated in a study wherein TP was assessed, and who had employed chronometric counting then, would be coming back to the lab to participate in a second study. We specifically requested that they should not employ chronometric counting this time, thus allowing us to contrast TP with and without counting...
October 24, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Youyun Xu, Jifeng Li, Qiaozhen Xie, Huihua Deng
Hair cortisol has been proposed as a temporally integrated measure of systemic cortisol suitable for studies of chronic stress. We compared hair cortisol and depressive and anxiety symptoms between two groups of healthy male adolescents differing in exposure to chronic stress, one attending regular high school (n = 33) and the other incarcerated for 11-867 days in juvenile detention (n = 29), and examined the association of hair cortisol and depressive and anxiety symptoms among all adolescents. Hair cortisol was determined by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured by the Self-Rating Depression and Anxiety Scales...
October 16, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Ho Wai Queenie Chan, Chui Fun Rachel Sun
University study has been considered to be one of the most stressful periods in a person's life. University students may have irrational beliefs that could play a significant role in causing emotional disturbance. Nevertheless, a suitable instrument for measuring irrational beliefs in college students in Chinese society has been lacking. The aim of this study was to construct a culturally relevant scale for measuring irrational beliefs among university students in the Hong Kong Chinese context. The construction of the Chinese Irrational Beliefs and Rational Attitude Scale (CIBRAS) for university students was based on (1) literature review and expert panel review for evaluation on content validity, (2) a pilot test of 200 local Hong Kong university students to determine the scale's psychometric properties and probe the exploratory factor analysis, and (3) confirmatory factor analysis to test for construct validity of the CIBRAS (conducted with a further 655 local Hong Kong university students)...
October 8, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Caroll-Ann Blanchette, Jamila Amirova, Veronique D Bohbot, Greg L West
People adopt two distinct learning strategies during navigation. "Spatial learners" navigate by building a cognitive map using environmental landmarks, and display more grey matter in the hippocampus. Conversely, "response learners" memorize a series of rigid turns to navigate and display more grey matter in the caudate nucleus of the striatum. Evidence has linked these two structures with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autistic traits in non-clinical populations. Both people with ASD and neurotypical people with higher levels of autistic traits have been shown to display more grey matter in the hippocampus and less functional activity in the caudate nucleus...
October 8, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Rui-Ting Zhang, Tian-Xiao Yang, Yi Wang, Yu-Xiu Sui, Jing-Jing Yao, Zhuo-Ya Yang, Simon S Y Lui, Eric F C Cheung, Raymond C K Chan
Future-oriented coping is a strategy for coping with events that may happen in the future, including efforts to ensure positive outcome and protection from potential threats. Appropriate future-oriented coping is essential for well-being and influences mental health and life satisfaction. However, little is known about the neural mechanism of future-oriented coping. We examined the neural basis of this coping strategy using resting-state functional connectivity analysis. Thirty healthy volunteers underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning and completed the Future-Oriented Coping Inventory...
September 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Naoya Tabata, Hirotsune Sato, Katsumi Ninomiya, Chika Yamamoto
This study compared privacy consciousness between Japanese (n = 211) and Taiwanese (n = 308) high school students, who responded to the Privacy Consciousness Scale. Results indicated that Taiwanese students had higher privacy consciousness for the self and others than Japanese students.
September 3, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Turkan Dogan
This pilot study investigated the effects of psychodrama on the counseling skills (mainly empathy) and on increasing the self-awareness of 23 counseling undergraduate students. Participants attended 12 psychodrama sessions over 3 months. Data were gathered by using the Empathic Tendency Scale and a personal information form. The study used the mixed method research design, which combines qualitative and quantitative methods. The quantitative aspect of the study involved the use of pretest-posttest experimental and control group design with random assignment, while the qualitative aspect utilized the methods of case study, observation, and interview...
August 30, 2018: PsyCh Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Han-Yu Zhou, Zhi Li, Dong-Jie Xie, Ting Xu, Eric E F Cheung, Huanhuan Li, Raymond C K Chan
Impairments in spatial working memory (SWM) and set-shifting abilities have both been consistently observed in individuals with schizophrenia and are considered to be potential endophenotypes of this illness. However, an endophenotype needs to fulfill a set of stringent criteria, including heritability. This study examined the heritability of these two functions in a healthy Chinese twin sample. Forty-five pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins and 35 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins completed the SWM task and the Intra-Extra Dimensional Set-Shifting (IED) task of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB)...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Anastasia Tsamparli, Ioanna Petmeza, Geraldine McCarthy, Dimitrios Adamis
The Family Assessment Device (FAD) is a self-report questionnaire, developed to assess the six dimensions of the McMaster Model of Family Functioning. It has been translated into the Greek language but never validated. We aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the FAD in a nonclinical sample. In a sample of Greek families, the FAD was administered together with the already validated Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES-III). In a subsample of 96 individual participants, the scales were administered again after 1 month...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Chee-Seng Tan, Sew-Kim Low, Glory Nancy Viapude
Studies have found that extraversion enhances happiness indirectly through social support. However, it is unclear how social support may be connected to happiness. On the basis of a literature review, we hypothesize that individual hope may play an important role in the relationship between social support and happiness. Using a serial mediation model, the present study attempted to investigate the hypothetical mediating role of hope in the relationship between extraversion and happiness and between social support and happiness...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Lingqiong Wu
This study addresses the relationships that ecological worldview, environmental sensitivity, and personal norms have with pro-environmental behaviors in a particular child population in urban China. The survey questionnaires were distributed to 410 Grade 6 students from eight Green Schools in Shenzhen, China. The sample included 223 (54.3%) boys and 187 (45.6%) girls with ages ranging from 10 to 13 years. The results from structural equation modelling reveal that environmental sensitivity and personal norms were two critical factors in determining students' pro-environmental behaviors...
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Jifan Zhou, Mowei Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Liqun Zhang, HaiRong Lu, Feng Li
In this study, we examined the relationships among proactive personality, job crafting, and mental health. A total of 1971 full-time Chinese employees completed the survey. The results of structural equation modeling analyses indicated that job crafting mediated the positive relationship between proactive personality and mental health.
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Danilo Garcia, Kevin M Cloninger, Alexandre Granjard, Kristian Molander-Söderholm, Clara Amato, Sverker Sikström
We used quantitative semantics to find clusters of words in LinkedIn users' self-descriptions to an employer or a friend. Some of these clusters discriminated between worker and friend conditions (e.g., flexible vs. caring) and between LinkedIn users with high and low education (e.g., analytical vs. messy).
September 2018: PsyCh Journal
Shan Xu, Yanling Wang, Ren Mu, Jiafei Jin, Feiyi Gao
Work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE) have been shown to be important predictors of employees' domain-specific satisfaction and well-being. In this meta-analysis, we consider how the effects of WFC/WFE on various outcomes differ across different national cultures and economic settings. We hypothesized that WFC would have stronger effects on employees' domain-specific satisfaction and well-being in high individualistic nations and economies with higher levels of economic development, whereas WFE would have stronger effects on employees' domain-specific satisfaction and well-being in low individualistic nations and economies with lower levels of economic development...
August 16, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Xiang Li, Ernst Pöppel, Yan Bao
Oscillations are important for functional homeostasis. However, the oscillatory processes are sometimes masked by noise. A nonparametric method to extract oscillatory components does not assume stability in period or amplitude, it is resistant to linear components and phase insensitive, and it allows statistical inference.
July 20, 2018: PsyCh Journal
Christina Schmidt, Marine Xhrouet, Manon Hamacher, Eric Delloye, Caroline LeGoff, Etienne Cavalier, Fabienne Collette, Gilles Vandewalle
We aimed at assessing whether a head-mounted light therapy device, enriched in blue wavelengths, suppresses melatonin secretion and improves vigilant attention in the late evening hours. We also assessed whether using such light device is associated with discomfort and physiological stress. Seventeen healthy young participants (eight females) participated in a counterbalanced within-subject design during which they were exposed for 2 hr before habitual sleep time to a blue-enriched light (1500 lx) or to a lower intensity red-light (150 lx) control condition, using a new-generation light emitting diode (LED) head-mounted device...
June 26, 2018: PsyCh Journal
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