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Global Spine Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443488/implant-prophylaxis-the-next-best-practice-toward-asepsis-in-spine-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Aakash Agarwal, Christian Schultz, Vijay K Goel, Anand Agarwal, Neel Anand, Steve R Garfin, Jeffrey C Wang
Study Design: A literature review. Objectives: An evaluation of the contaminants prevalent on implants used for surgery and the aseptic methods being employed against them. Methods: PubMed was searched for articles published between 2000 and 2017 for studies evaluating the contaminants present on spine implants, and associated pre- and intraoperative implant processing and handling methodology suggested to avoid them. Systematic reviews, observational studies, bench-top studies, and expert opinions were included...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443487/posterior-subaxial-cervical-spine-screw-fixation-a-review-of-techniques
#2
REVIEW
Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Marcelo Luis Mudo, Lee A Tan, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: A narrative literature review. Objectives: To review the surgical techniques of posterior screw fixation in the subaxial cervical spine. Methods: A broad literature review on the most common screw fixation techniques including lateral mass, pedicle, intralaminar and transfacet screws was performed on PubMed. The techniques and surgical nuances are summarized. Results: The following techniques were described in detail and presented with illustrative figures, including (1) lateral mass screw insertion: by Roy-Camille, Louis, Magerl, Anderson, An, Riew techniques and also a modified technique for C7 lateral mass fixation; (2) pedicle screw fixation technique as described by Abumi and also a freehand technique description; (3) intralaminar screw fixation; and finally, (4) transfacet screw fixation, as described by Takayasu, DalCanto, Klekamp, and Miyanji...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443486/radiological-fusion-criteria-of-postoperative-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Masahito Oshina, Yasushi Oshima, Sakae Tanaka, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Diagnosis of pseudarthrosis after anterior cervical fusion is difficult, and often depends on the surgeon's subjective assessment because recommended radiographic criteria are lacking. This review evaluated the available evidence for confirming fusion after anterior cervical surgery. Methods: Articles describing assessment of anterior cervical fusion were retrieved from MEDLINE and SCOPUS. The assessment methods and fusion rates at 1 and 2 years were evaluated to identify reliable radiographical criteria...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443485/surgical-outcomes-and-limitations-of-decompression-surgery-for-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#4
Tsuyoshi Sugiura, Shinya Okuda, Tomiya Matsumoto, Takafumi Maeno, Tomoya Yamashita, Takamitsu Haku, Motoki Iwasaki
Study Design: A retrospective study. Objectives: To investigate surgical outcomes and limitations of decompression surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Methods: One hundred patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis who underwent decompression surgery alone were included in this study. The average follow-up period was 3.7 years. Radiography and magnetic resonance imaging were used for radiological assessment. Patients with a recovery rate of >50% throughout the study period were classified as the control group (Group C), while those with a recovery rate of <50% throughout the study period were classified as the poor group (Group P)...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443484/patient-rated-trust-of-spine-surgeons-influencing-factors
#5
Jack M Haglin, Adam E M Eltorai, Saisanjana Kalagara, Brandon Kingrey, Wessley M Durand, Jessica P Aidlen, Alan H Daniels
Study Design: Descriptive analysis using publicly available data. Objectives: The purpose of this study was 2-fold: to assess patient-rated trustworthiness of spine surgeons as a whole and to assess if academic proclivity, region of practice, or physician sex affects ratings of patient perceived trust. Methods: Orthopedic spine surgeons were randomly selected from the North American Spine Society directory. Surgeon profiles on 3 online physician rating websites, HealthGrades, Vitals, and RateMDs were analyzed for patient-reported trustworthiness...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443483/adjacent-segment-disease-after-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-case-series-of-1000-patients
#6
Shinya Okuda, Tomoya Yamashita, Tomiya Matsumoto, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Tsuyoshi Sugiura, Yoshifumi Takahashi, Takafumi Maeno, Motoki Iwasaki
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objective: There have been few reports of adjacent segment disease (ASD) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with large numbers and long follow-up. The purpose of this study was to investigate (1) ASD incidence and time periods after primary PLIF, (2) repeat ASD incidence and time periods, and (3) ASD incidence and time periods by fusion length, age, and preoperative pathologies. Methods: A total of 1000 patients (average age 67 years, average follow-up 8...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443482/severe-lumbar-disability-is-associated-with-decreased-psoas-cross-sectional-area-in-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#7
Scott C Wagner, Arjun S Sebastian, James C McKenzie, Joseph S Butler, Ian D Kaye, Patrick B Morrissey, Alexander R Vaccaro, Christopher K Kepler
Study Design: Retrospective cohort. Objectives: Alterations in lumbar paraspinal muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) may correlate with lumbar pathology. The purpose of this study was to compare paraspinal CSA in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis and severe lumbar disability to those with mild or moderate lumbar disability, as determined by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 101 patients undergoing lumbar fusion for degenerative spondylolisthesis...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443481/the-effect-of-aging-on-cervical-parameters-in-a-normative-north-american-population
#8
Justin Iorio, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Jensen K Henry, Dan Stein, Lawrence G Lenke, Munish Gupta, Michael P Kelly, Brenda Sides, Han Jo Kim
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: To investigate age-based changes in cervical alignment parameters in an asymptomatic population. Methods: Retrospective review of a prospective study of 118 asymptomatic subjects who underwent biplanar imaging with 3-dimensional capabilities. Demographic and health-related quality of life data was collected prior to imaging. Patients were stratified into 5 age groups: <35 years, 35-44 years, 45-54 years, 55-64 years, and ≥65 years...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443480/patient-reported-outcomes-and-patient-reported-satisfaction-after-surgical-treatment-for-cervical-radiculopathy
#9
Andreas Kiilerich Andresen, Rune Tendal Paulsen, Frederik Busch, Alexander Isenberg-Jørgensen, Leah Y Carreon, Mikkel Ø Andersen
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: It is estimated that 10 000 patients seek medical care due to cervical radiculopathy every year in Denmark. Although the natural course is usually favorable, around 20% undergo surgery for cervical degenerative disease every year in Denmark. We aim to evaluate the patient-reported results and satisfaction of anterior cervical decompression and fusion over a 5-year period from a single Danish center for spine surgery...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443479/role-of-frailty-scoring-in-the-assessment-of-perioperative-mortality-in-surgical-management-of-tuberculous-spondylodiscitis-in-the-elderly
#10
Kunal Shah, Manish Kothari, Abhay Nene
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: Treatment of spinal tuberculosis in the elderly involves consideration of compromised physiology, which often poses a clinical challenge to the surgeons to balance surgical safety versus deteriorating function. Frailty scoring has been reported as an effective tool to predict mortality and morbidity in cardiovascular surgery and recently in hip fractures. Its use in spinal surgery is scarcely reported. Methods: We included elderly patients operated for spinal tuberculosis...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443478/risk-factors-for-postoperative-coronal-balance-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#11
Stephen J Lewis, Sam G Keshen, So Kato, Taylor E Dear, Aaron M Gazendam
Study Design: A retrospective case-control study. Objectives: To determine factors influencing the ability to achieve coronal balance following spinal deformity surgery. Methods: Following institutional ethics approval, the radiographs of 47 patients treated for spinal deformity surgery with long fusions to the pelvis, were retrospectively reviewed. The postoperative measurements included coronal balance, L4 tilt, and L5 tilt, levels fused, apical vertebral translation and maximum Cobb angle...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443477/does-obesity-explain-the-effect-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-complications-following-elective-lumbar-fusion-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#12
Francis Lovecchio, Michael C Fu, Sravisht Iyer, Michael Steinhaus, Todd Albert
Study Design: Propensity score matched retrospective cohort study. Objectives: Obesity is a major confounder in determining the independent effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on complications after spinal surgery. The purpose of this study is to differentiate MetS from obesity as an independent influence on perioperative outcomes after elective lumbar spine fusion. Methods: One- to 3-level posterior spinal fusion cases were identified from the 2011-2014 American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443476/prediction-of-scoliosis-curve-correction-using-pedicle-screw-constructs-in-ais-a-comparison-of-fulcrum-bend-radiographs-and-traction-radiographs-under-general-anesthesia
#13
Devi Prakash Tokala, Ian W Nelson, Jwalant S Mehta, Roy Powell, Sean Grannum, M John Hutchinson
Study Design: Retrospective radiographic review. Objectives: Our objectives were to (1) compare the ability of fulcrum bend radiographs and traction radiographs under general anesthesia to predict correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using pedicle screw only constructs and (2) compare the fulcrum bend correction index (FBCI) with a new measurement: the traction correction index (TCI). Methods: This is a retrospective radiographic review of 80 AIS patients (62 female and 18 male), who underwent scoliosis correction with pedicle screw only constructs...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443475/radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-from-the-use-of-s2-alar-screws-in-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#14
Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Gen Inoue, Takayuki Imura, Masayuki Miyagi, Wataru Saito, Eiki Shirasawa, Kentaro Uchida, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso
Study Design: Retrospective. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of S2 alar screws in surgery for correction of adult spinal deformity (ASD). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 23 patients (mean follow-up: 18.5 months, minimum 12 months) who underwent corrective surgery for ASD using S2 alar screws as anchors for instrumentation of lower vertebrae. The background of the patients and their spinopelvic parameters (pelvic incidence [PI], pelvic tilt [PT], lumbar lordosis [LL], thoracic kyphosis [TK], sagittal vertical axis [SVA], and PI-LL) were evaluated...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443474/preoperative-nutritional-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-major-postoperative-complications-following-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#15
Chierika O Ukogu, Samantha Jacobs, Willliam A Ranson, Sulaiman Somani, Luilly Vargas, Nathan J Lee, John Di Capua, Jun S Kim, Khushdeep S Vig, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: To determine rates of medical and surgical postoperative complications in adults with hypoalbuminemia undergoing anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF). Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database of patients (≥18 years old) undergoing ALIF procedures, identified by CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) code from 2011 to 2014...
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443473/the-global-dilemma-standardization-of-nonoperative-treatment
#16
EDITORIAL
Karsten Wiechert, Jeffrey C Wang, Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210964/treatment-of-atlas-fractures-recommendations-of-the-spine-section-of-the-german-society-for-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou
#17
Frank Kandziora, Matti Scholz, Andreas Pingel, Philipp Schleicher, Ulas Yildiz, Patrick Kluger, Matthias Pumberger, Andreas Korge, Klaus John Schnake
Study Design: Narrative review and expert recommendation. Objectives: To establish treatment recommendations for atlas fractures based on the knowledge of the experts of the Spine Section of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Trauma. Methods: Neither high-level evidence studies comparing conservative and operative management nor studies matching different operative treatment strategies exist. This recommendation summarizes the knowledge of the experts of the Spine Section of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Trauma with regard to the treatment of atlas fractures...
September 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210963/spine-fractures-in-ankylosing-diseases-recommendations-of-the-spine-section-of-the-german-society-for-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou
#18
Maximilian Reinhold, Christian Knop, Christian Kneitz, Alexander Disch
Study Design: Review of literature and case series. Objectives: Update and review of current treatment concepts for spine fractures in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders. Methods: Case presentation and description of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for unstable spinal injuries with an underlying ankylosing spinal disorder (ASD) of the cervical and thoracolumbar spine. Results: Nondisplaced fractures can be missed easily using conventional X-rays...
September 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210962/nonsurgical-and-surgical-management-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-body-fractures-recommendations-of-the-spine-section-of-the-german-society-for-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou
#19
Thomas R Blattert, Klaus J Schnake, Oliver Gonschorek, Erol Gercek, Frank Hartmann, Sebastian Katscher, Sven Mörk, Robert Morrison, Michael Müller, Axel Partenheimer, Stefan Piltz, Michael A Scherer, Bernhard W Ullrich, Akhil Verheyden, Volker Zimmermann
Study Design: Prospective clinical cohort study (data collection); expert opinion (recommendation development). Objectives: Treatment options for nonsurgical and surgical management of osteoporotic vertebral body fractures are widely differing. Based on current literature, the knowledge of the experts, and their classification for osteoporotic fractures (OF classification) the Spine Section of the German Society for Orthopaedics and Trauma has now introduced general treatment recommendations...
September 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210961/spine-trauma-treatment-recommendations-of-the-german-society-for-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou
#20
EDITORIAL
R Hoffmann, F Kandziora, A Korge, K Schnake, R Kothe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Global Spine Journal
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