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Global Spine Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238649/editorial-perspective
#1
EDITORIAL
Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238648/trends-in-spinal-surgery-for-pott-s-disease-2000-2016-an-overview-and-bibliometric-study
#2
Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Ghazwan A Hasan, R Shane Tubbs, Joseph R Dettori, Thomas A Schildhauer, Tarush Rustagi
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: (1) What are the surgical indications? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? (2) What is the current surgical approaches of choice? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? Do they vary by geographical region? (3) What are the most common outcome measures following surgery? Methods: Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched from database inception from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2016 to identify studies specifically evaluating surgical indications, current surgical approaches, and outcome measures for spinal tuberculosis...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238647/rsa-in-spine-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Ali Humadi, Sulaf Dawood, Klas Halldin, Brian Freeman
Study Design: Systematic review of literature. Objectives: This systematic review was conducted to investigate the accuracy of radiostereometric analysis (RSA), its assessment of spinal motion and disorders, and to investigate the limitations of this technique in spine assessment. Methods: Systematic review in all current literature to invesigate the role of RSA in spine. Results: The results of this review concluded that RSA is a very powerful tool to detect small changes between 2 rigid bodies such as a vertebral segment...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238646/stem-cells-in-spinal-fusion
#4
Michael A Robbins, Dominik R Haudenschild, Adam M Wegner, Eric O Klineberg
Study Design: Review of literature. Objectives: This review of literature investigates the application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in spinal fusion, highlights potential uses in the development of bone grafts, and discusses limitations based on both preclinical and clinical models. Methods: A review of literature was conducted looking at current studies using stem cells for augmentation of spinal fusion in both animal and human models...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238645/the-effectiveness-of-bioskills-training-for-simulated-open-lumbar-laminectomy
#5
Barrett S Boody, Brett D Rosenthal, Tyler J Jenkins, Alpesh A Patel, Jason W Savage, Wellington K Hsu
Study Design: Randomized, prospective study within an orthopedic surgery resident program at a large urban academic medical center. Objectives: To develop an inexpensive, user-friendly, and reproducible lumbar laminectomy bioskills training module and evaluation protocol that can be readily implemented into residency training programs to augment the clinical education of orthopedic and neurosurgical physicians-in-training. Methods: Twenty participants comprising senior medical students and orthopedic surgical residents...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238644/impact-of-preoperative-anemia-on-outcomes-in-adults-undergoing-elective-posterior-cervical-fusion
#6
Kevin Phan, Alexander E Dunn, Jun S Kim, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Parth Kothari, Nathan J Lee, Joshua Xu, James E Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Few studies have investigated the role of preoperative anemia on postoperative outcomes of posterior cervical fusion. This study looked to investigate the potential relationship between preoperative anemia and postoperative outcomes following posterior cervical spine fusion. Methods: Data from patients undergoing elective posterior cervical fusions between 2005 and 2012 was collected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database using inclusion/exclusion criteria...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238643/factors-associated-with-clinical-outcomes-after-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-a-porous-nitinol-implant
#7
Fahad H Abduljabbar, Asim M Makhdom, Mona Rajeh, Alisson R Tales, Jacob Mathew, Jean Ouellet, Michael Weber, Peter Jarzem
Study Design: A retrospective cohort study. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the association of demographic and perioperative factors with clinical outcomes of lumbar interbody fusion with a porous nitinol (TiNi) implant for degenerative disc disease. Methods: Forty-one patients with degenerative lumbar disease were prospectively followed for a mean of 4.8 years. All patients were instrumented with porous TiNi interbody fusion devices...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238642/effect-of-social-support-and-marital-status-on-perceived-surgical-effectiveness-and-30-day-hospital-readmission
#8
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Victoria D Vuong, Ankit I Mehta, Raul A Vasquez, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
Study Design: Retrospective cohort review. Objective: To determine whether higher levels of social support are associated with improved surgical outcomes after elective spine surgery. Methods: The medical records of 430 patients (married, n = 313; divorced/separated/widowed, n = 71; single, n = 46) undergoing elective spine surgery at a major academic medical center were reviewed. Patients were categorized by their marital status at the time of surgery...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238641/complication-rates-in-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-plif-surgery-with-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-medicare-population
#9
Raed Alobaidaan, Jeremiah R Cohen, Elizabeth L Lord, Zorica Buser, S Tim Yoon, Jim A Youssef, Jong-Beom Park, Darrel S Brodke, Jeffrey C Wang, Hans-Joerg Meisel
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study among Medicare beneficiaries who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery. Objective: To identify the complication rates associated with the use of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in PLIF. Human BMP2 is commonly used in the "off-label" manner for various types of spine fusion procedures, including PLIF. However, recent studies have reported potential complications associated with the recombinant human BMP2 (rhBMP2) use in the posterior approach...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238640/high-risk-subgroup-membership-is-a-predictor-of-30-day-morbidity-following-anterior-lumbar-fusion
#10
Rachel S Bronheim, Jun S Kim, John Di Capua, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Sulaiman Somani, Kevin Phan, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: To determine if membership in a high-risk subgroup is predictive of morbidity and mortality following anterior lumbar fusion (ALF). Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was utilized to identify patients undergoing ALF between 2010 and 2014. Multivariate analysis was utilized to identify high-risk subgroup membership as an independent predictor of postoperative complications...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238639/the-use-of-vacuum-dressings-for-dead-space-management-in-deep-surgical-site-infections-allows-implant-and-bone-graft-retention
#11
James P Watt, Robert N Dunn
Study Design: Retrospective, descriptive study. Objectives: Managing early surgical site infection following elective lumbar spine surgery remains a challenge with controversy regarding retention of instrumentation and bone graft. Wound closure may also pose considerable challenges. We aim to report on our method of managing deep surgical site infections complicating elective spine surgery with surgeon assembled deep vacuum dressings. Identification of causative organisms with their sensitivities was a secondary objective...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238638/efficacy-of-early-fusion-with-local-bone-graft-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-followed-over-10-years
#12
Shiro Imagama, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Hiroshi Nakamura, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Hiroaki Nakashima, Junki Takamatsu, Tadashi Matsushita, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Study Design: Prospective clinical study. Objective: Many oral surgeons use platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for bone defects, but the efficacy of PRP for spinal arthrodesis remains uncertain. The objective was to compare the efficacy of autologous local bone graft and PRP with local bone graft alone for promotion of bony union in posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) surgery, with investigation of the safety of PRP over 10 years. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in 29 consecutive patients who underwent one-level PLF at L4/5 for degenerative lumbar disease...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238637/spinal-instability-neoplastic-score-sins-reliability-among-spine-fellows-and-resident-physicians-in-orthopedic-surgery-and-neurosurgery
#13
Shandy Fox, Michael Spiess, Luke Hnenny, Daryl R Fourney
Study Design: Reliability analysis. Objectives: The Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) was developed for assessing patients with spinal neoplasia. It identifies patients who may benefit from surgical consultation or intervention. It also acts as a prognostic tool for surgical decision making. Reliability of SINS has been established for spine surgeons, radiologists, and radiation oncologists, but not yet among spine surgery trainees. The purpose of our study is to determine the reliability of SINS among spine residents and fellows, and its role as an educational tool...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238636/functional-outcome-of-neurologic-controlled-hal-exoskeletal-neurorehabilitation-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-with-one-year-treatment-and-variable-treatment-frequency
#14
Oliver Jansen, Thomas A Schildhauer, Renate C Meindl, Martin Tegenthoff, Peter Schwenkreis, Matthias Sczesny-Kaiser, Dennis Grasm├╝cke, Christian Fisahn, Mirko Aach
Study Design: Longitudinal prospective study. Objectives: Whether 1-year HAL-BWSTT of chronic spinal cord injured patients can improve independent ambulated mobility further as a function of training frequency, after an initial 3-month training period. Methods: Eight patients with chronic SCI were enrolled. They initially received full standard physical therapy and neurorehabilitation in the acute/subacute posttrauma phase. During this trial, all patients first underwent a daily (5 per week) HAL-BWSTT for 12 weeks...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238635/anesthesia-duration-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-early-postoperative-complications-in-adults-undergoing-elective-acdf
#15
Kevin Phan, Jun S Kim, Joung Heon Kim, Sulaiman Somani, John Di'Capua, James E Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objective: To determine the presence of any potential associations between anesthesia time with postoperative outcome and complications following elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Methods: Patients who underwent elective ACDF were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program database. Patient demographics, medical comorbidities, and perioperative and postoperative complications up to 30 days were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238634/asa-classification-as-a-risk-stratification-tool-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-study-of-5805-patients
#16
Sulaiman Somani, John Di Capua, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Joung-Heon Kim, James Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery is a highly complex procedure that has high complication rates. Risk stratification tools can improve patient management and may lower complication rates and associated costs. The goal of this study was to identify the independent association between American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class and postoperative outcomes following ASD surgery...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238633/editorial
#17
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey C Wang, Jens R Chapman, Karsten Wiechert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989852/editorial-perspective
#18
EDITORIAL
Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989851/is-there-a-patient-profile-that-characterizes-a-patient-with-adult-spinal-deformity-as-a-candidate-for-minimally-invasive-surgery
#19
Robert K Eastlack, Gregory M Mundis, Michael Wang, Praveen V Mummaneni, Juan Uribe, David Okonkwo, Behrooz A Akbarnia, Neel Anand, Adam Kanter, Paul Park, Virginie Lafage, Christopher Shaffrey, Richard Fessler, Vedat Deviren
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the baseline characteristics of patients chosen to undergo traditional open versus minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for adult spinal deformity (ASD). METHODS: A multicenter review of 2 databases including ASD patients treated with surgery. Inclusion criteria were age >45 years, Cobb angle minimum of 20┬░, and minimum 2-year follow-up. Preoperative radiographic parameters and disability outcome measures were reviewed...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989850/why-does-c5-palsy-occur-after-prophylactic-bilateral-c4-5-foraminotomy-in-open-door-cervical-laminoplasty-a-risk-factor-analysis
#20
Gabriel Liu, Ma Ramona Reyes, K Daniel Riew
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of bilateral C4-5 foraminotomy in preventing occurrence of postoperative C5 palsy and to identify possible risk factors for its development. METHODS: A total of 70 consecutive patients who underwent open-door laminoplasty with bilateral C4-5 foraminotomy were included. Clinical, radiographic, and operative data was reviewed. Development of postoperative C5 palsy was analyzed...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
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