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Global Spine Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456921/editorial-perspective
#1
Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456920/evidence-based-analysis-of-adjacent-segment-degeneration-and-disease-after-lif-a-narrative-review
#2
Nikunj N Trivedi, Sean M Wilson, Luis A Puchi, Darren R Lebl
Study Design: Narrative review. Objectives: The etiology of adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and adjacent segment disease (ASDz) after lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) remains controversial. The aim of this narrative review was to provide an evidence-based analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on clinical studies of ASDeg and ASDz after LIF. Methods: A review was performed utilizing Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Two reviewers independently extracted relevant data from each included study...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456919/most-influential-literature-in-spinal-tuberculosis-a-global-disease-without-global-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Michael Held, Sophie Castelein, Marie-Fien Bruins, Maritz Laubscher, Robert Dunn, Marius Keel, Sufian Ahmad, Sven Hoppe
Study Design: Bibliometric review of the literature. Objective: This bibliometric analysis aims to give an overview of the most influential academic literature written on spinal tuberculosis. Methods: All databases included in the Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge were searched for the most influential publications in spinal tuberculosis. The most cited articles published between 1950 and 2015, with the main focus on orthopedic surgery, were identified using a multistep approach, and a total of 100 articles were included...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456918/cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-comprehensive-review-of-single-level-multilevel-and-hybrid-procedures
#4
REVIEW
Joseph L Laratta, Jamal N Shillingford, Comron Saifi, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Degenerative disc disease and spondylosis resulting in radiculopathy and retrodiscal myelopathy are among the most frequently encountered cervical spinal disorders. Traditionally, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has successfully achieved neural decompression and restored intradiscal height in these conditions. Unfortunately, nonunion and iatrogenic adjacent segment pathology associated with fusion procedures in the cervical spine has led to an interest in motion-preserving procedures...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456917/neuromonitoring-in-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-multimodality-approach
#5
REVIEW
Joseph L Laratta, Alex Ha, Jamal N Shillingford, Melvin C Makhni, Joseph M Lombardi, Earl Thuet, Ronald A Lehman, Lawrence G Lenke
Study Design: Literature review. Objective: The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the available intraoperative monitoring techniques and the evidence around their efficacy in vertebral column resection. Methods: The history of neuromonitoring and evolution of the modalities are reviewed and discussed. The authors' specific surgical techniques and preferred methods are outlined in detail. In addition, the authors' experience and the literature regarding vertebral column resection and surgical mitigation of neurologic alarms are discussed at length...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456916/spine-degenerative-conditions-and-their-treatments-national-trends-in-the-united-states-of-america
#6
Zorica Buser, Brandon Ortega, Anthony D'Oro, William Pannell, Jeremiah R Cohen, Justin Wang, Ray Golish, Michael Reed, Jeffrey C Wang
Study Design: Retrospective database study. Objective: Low back and neck pain are among the top leading causes of disability worldwide. The aim of our study was to report the current trends on spine degenerative disorders and their treatments. Methods: Patients diagnosed with lumbar or cervical spine conditions within the orthopedic subset of Medicare and Humana databases (PearlDiver). From the initial cohorts we identified subgroups based on the treatment: fusion or nonoperative within 1 year from diagnosis...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456915/short-term-complications-of-anterior-fixation-of-odontoid-fractures
#7
Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Dante M Leven, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objective: Anterior fixation of odontoid fracture has been associated with high morbidity and mortality in small, single institution series. Identifying risk factors may improve risk stratification and highlight factors that could be optimized preoperatively. The objective of this study was to determine the 30-day complication rate following anterior fixation of odontoid fractures and to identify associated risk factors among patients in a large national database...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456914/is-cervical-bracing-necessary-after-one-and-two-level-instrumented-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-prospective-randomized-study
#8
Samuel C Overley, Robert K Merrill, Evan O Baird, Joshua J Meaike, Samuel K Cho, Andrew C Hecht, Sheeraz A Qureshi
Study Design: Prospective randomized control trial. Objective: To investigate the role of cervical collars in postoperative care following 1- and 2-level instrumented anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Methods: The Cervical Spine Research Society Resident Fellow Grant funded this project. Fifty consecutive patients undergoing 1- or 2-level ACDF surgery were randomized into groups receiving either no brace or a cervical brace for 6 weeks postoperatively...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456913/investigating-the-7-year-cost-effectiveness-of-single-level-cervical-disc-replacement-compared-to-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#9
Steven J McAnany, Robert K Merrill, Samuel C Overley, Jun S Kim, Robert L Brochin, Sheeraz A Qureshi
Study Design: Cost-effectiveness analysis. Objectives: To determine the 7-year cost-effectiveness of cervical disc replacement (CDR) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Methods: We analyzed 7-year Short Form-36 Health Survey data collected from the Prestige Cervical Disc investigational device exemption study (IDE). The SF-6D algorithm was used to convert this data into health state utilities. Costs were calculated from the payer perspective, and quality adjusted life years (QALYs) were used to represent effectiveness...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456912/dural-tears-in-adult-deformity-surgery-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#10
Sravisht Iyer, Eric O Klineberg, Lukas P Zebala, Michael P Kelly, Robert A Hart, Munish C Gupta, D Kojo Hamilton, Gregory M Mundis, Daniel Sciubba, Christopher P Ames, Justin S Smith, Virginie Lafage, Douglas Burton, Han Jo Kim
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: Describe the rate of dural tears (DTs) in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. Describe the risk factors for DT and the impact of this complication on clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients with ASD undergoing surgery between 2008 and 2014 were separated into DT and non-DT cohorts; demographics, operative details, radiographic, and clinical outcomes were compared. Statistical analysis included t tests or χ2 tests as appropriate and a multivariate analysis...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456911/correlation-between-lumbopelvic-and-sagittal-parameters-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-lumbosacral-spondylolisthesis
#11
Yazeed Gussous, Alexander A Theologis, Joshua B Demb, Jennifer Tangtiphaiboontana, Sigurd Berven
Study Design: Secondary analysis of prospective, multicenter data. Objective: To evaluate impact of sagittal parameters on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Methods: Adults with unoperated lumbosacral spondylolisthesis were identified in the Spinal Deformity Study Group database. Pearson's correlations were calculated between SF-12 (Short Form-12)/Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) scores and radiographic parameters (C7 sagittal vertical axis [SVA] deviation, T1 pelvic angle, pelvic tilt [PT], pelvic incidence, sacral slope, slip angle, Meyerding slip grade, Labelle classification)...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456910/comparing-the-incidence-of-index-level-fusion-following-minimally-invasive-versus-open-lumbar-microdiscectomy
#12
Steven J McAnany, Samuel C Overley, Muhammad A Anwar, Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Jun S Kim, Robert K Merrill, Samuel K Cho, Andrew C Hecht, Sheeraz A Qureshi
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: To determine the incidence of index level fusion following open or minimally invasive lumbar microdiscectomy. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 174 patients with a symptomatic single-level lumbar herniated nucleus pulposus who underwent microdiscectomy via a mini-open approach (MIS; 39) or through a minimally invasive dilator tube (135). Outcomes of interest included revision microdiscectomy and the ultimate need for index level fusion...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456909/comparing-the-5-year-health-state-utility-value-of-cervical-disc-replacement-and-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#13
Steven J McAnany, Robert K Merrill, Robert L Brochin, Samuel C Overley, Jun S Kim, Sheeraz A Qureshi
Study Design: Health utility analysis. Objectives: To determine the health state utility (HSU) of 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical disc replacement (CDR). Methods: Data from the Medtronic Prestige Cervical Disc investigational device exemption studies was used. Four groups were defined: 1-level ACDF, 1-level CDR, 2-level ACDF, and 2-level CDR. The 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was collected at baseline, 12 months, 24 months, 36 months, and 60 months postoperatively and converted into utility scores for each time point...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456908/editorial
#14
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey C Wang, Karsten Wiechert, Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238649/editorial-perspective
#15
EDITORIAL
Jens R Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238648/trends-in-spinal-surgery-for-pott-s-disease-2000-2016-an-overview-and-bibliometric-study
#16
Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Ghazwan A Hasan, R Shane Tubbs, Joseph R Dettori, Thomas A Schildhauer, Tarush Rustagi
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: (1) What are the surgical indications? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? (2) What is the current surgical approaches of choice? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? Do they vary by geographical region? (3) What are the most common outcome measures following surgery? Methods: Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched from database inception from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2016 to identify studies specifically evaluating surgical indications, current surgical approaches, and outcome measures for spinal tuberculosis...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238647/rsa-in-spine-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Ali Humadi, Sulaf Dawood, Klas Halldin, Brian Freeman
Study Design: Systematic review of literature. Objectives: This systematic review was conducted to investigate the accuracy of radiostereometric analysis (RSA), its assessment of spinal motion and disorders, and to investigate the limitations of this technique in spine assessment. Methods: Systematic review in all current literature to invesigate the role of RSA in spine. Results: The results of this review concluded that RSA is a very powerful tool to detect small changes between 2 rigid bodies such as a vertebral segment...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238646/stem-cells-in-spinal-fusion
#18
Michael A Robbins, Dominik R Haudenschild, Adam M Wegner, Eric O Klineberg
Study Design: Review of literature. Objectives: This review of literature investigates the application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in spinal fusion, highlights potential uses in the development of bone grafts, and discusses limitations based on both preclinical and clinical models. Methods: A review of literature was conducted looking at current studies using stem cells for augmentation of spinal fusion in both animal and human models...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238645/the-effectiveness-of-bioskills-training-for-simulated-open-lumbar-laminectomy
#19
Barrett S Boody, Brett D Rosenthal, Tyler J Jenkins, Alpesh A Patel, Jason W Savage, Wellington K Hsu
Study Design: Randomized, prospective study within an orthopedic surgery resident program at a large urban academic medical center. Objectives: To develop an inexpensive, user-friendly, and reproducible lumbar laminectomy bioskills training module and evaluation protocol that can be readily implemented into residency training programs to augment the clinical education of orthopedic and neurosurgical physicians-in-training. Methods: Twenty participants comprising senior medical students and orthopedic surgical residents...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238644/impact-of-preoperative-anemia-on-outcomes-in-adults-undergoing-elective-posterior-cervical-fusion
#20
Kevin Phan, Alexander E Dunn, Jun S Kim, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Parth Kothari, Nathan J Lee, Joshua Xu, James E Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Few studies have investigated the role of preoperative anemia on postoperative outcomes of posterior cervical fusion. This study looked to investigate the potential relationship between preoperative anemia and postoperative outcomes following posterior cervical spine fusion. Methods: Data from patients undergoing elective posterior cervical fusions between 2005 and 2012 was collected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database using inclusion/exclusion criteria...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
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