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Global Spine Journal

Mark R J Junge, Joseph R Dettori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Jack Zigler, Matthew F Gornet, Nicole Ferko, Chris Cameron, Francine W Schranck, Leena Patel
Study Design: Meta-analysis. Objectives: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of total disc replacement (TDR) compared with fusion in patients with functionally disabling chronic low back pain due to single-level lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) at 5 years. Methods: PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched for randomized controlled trials reporting outcomes at 5 years for TDR compared with fusion in patients with single-level lumbar DDD...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Zorica Buser, Darrel S Brodke, Jim A Youssef, Elke Rometsch, Jong-Beom Park, S Tim Yoon, Jeffrey C Wang, Hans-Joerg Meisel
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: The aim was to determine the fusion efficacy of allograft and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) in lumbar instrumented and noninstrumented fusion procedures for degenerative lumbar disorders. Methods: A literature search was conducted using the PubMed and Cochrane databases. To be considered, publications had to meet 4 criteria: patients were treated for a degenerative lumbar disorder, a minimum group size of 10 patients, use of allograft or DBM, and at least a 2-year follow-up...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Wesley M Durand, Adam E M Eltorai, J Mason Depasse, JaeWon Yang, Alan H Daniels
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: Unplanned reoperation following lumbar spinal fusion is detrimental to patients, providers, and health systems. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with unplanned reoperation following elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion and assess the reasons for reoperation. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 22 151 patients from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data set between 2012 and 2015 was completed...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Joseph L Laratta, Hemant Reddy, Joseph M Lombardi, Jamal N Shillingford, Comron Saifi, Charla R Fischer, Ronald A Lehman, Lawrence G Lenke
Study Design: Retrospective database study. Objectives: Analysis of economic and demographic data concerning interspinous device (ID) placement throughout the United States to improve value-based care and health care utilization. Methods: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was queried for patients who underwent insertion of an interspinous process spinal stabilization device (ICD-9-CM 84.80) between 2008 and 2014 across 44 states...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Stina Brogård Andersen, Elisabeth Corydon Smith, Christian Støttrup, Leah Y Carreon, Mikkel O Andersen
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: The purpose of the present study is to determine if age, gender, smoking status, and body mass index (BMI) are significant risk factors of symptomatic recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH) leading to reoperation. Methods: A cohort of 1378 consecutive patients who underwent discectomy for LDH from June 2010 to January 2015 at our institution were included. Patients who underwent reoperation due to rLDH prior to August 2015 were identified...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Juan Pablo Guyot
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: The objective of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of 2 different pharmacological formulae in selective nerve root injections. Methods: We studied a series of 298 patients who received a selective nerve root injection and made a comparative study dividing them into 2 groups according to the drugs used. In group A, we used betamethasone 6 mg and lidocaine, while in group B, triamcinolone 60 mg and bupivacaine were used for the procedure...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Naresh Kumar, Aye Sandar Zaw, Nishant Kumar, Dhiraj Sonawane, Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Aravind Kumar
Study Design: Prospective analysis. Objectives: To evaluate 2-year clinical outcomes in patients undergoing Disc-FX for the management of low back pain (LBP) due to degenerate disc (DD) or contained lumbar disc herniation (CLDH). To study salient factors that can potentially influence the clinical outcomes. Methods: We analyzed the prospectively collected data of 51 patients who underwent Disc-FX procedure for DD or CLDH, nonresponsive to 6 months of nonoperative treatment...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Colby Oitment, Mohammed Aref, Saleh Almenawar, Kesava Reddy
Study Design: Questionnaire. Objectives: Iatrogenic dural tear is a complication of spinal surgery with significant morbidity and cost to the health care system. The optimal management is unclear, and therefore we aimed to survey current practices among Canadian practitioners. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to members of the Canadian Neurological Surgical Society designed to explore methods of closure of iatrogenic durotomy. Results: Spinal surgeons were surveyed anonymously with a 55% response rate (n = 91)...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Jason Beng Teck Lim, William Yeo, John Li Tat Chen
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: This study aims to determine the preoperative predictors of postoperative satisfaction in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) surgery in order to improve management of patient groups at high risk of dissatisfaction. We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data on patients who underwent open TLIF in a tertiary hospital between 2008 and 2012 with 2-year follow-up and performed multivariate analysis for their preoperative variables...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Nathaniel T Ondeck, Daniel D Bohl, Patawut Bovonratwet, Benjamin J Geddes, Jonathan J Cui, Ryan P McLynn, Andre M Samuel, Jonathan N Grauer
Study Design: Survey study and retrospective review of prospective data. Objectives: To contrast surgeons' perceptions and reported national data regarding the rates of postoperative adverse events following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and to assess the accuracy of surgeons in predicting the impact of patient factors on such outcomes. Methods: A survey investigating perceived rates of perioperative complications and the perceived effect of patient risk factors on the occurrence of complications following ACDF was distributed to spine surgeons at the Cervical Spine Research Society (CSRS) 2015 Annual Meeting...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
William Ryan Spiker, Darrel S Brodke, Vadim Goz, Brandon Lawrence, Craig C Teerlink, Lisa A Cannon-Albright
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: To determine familial clustering of primary spinal cord tumors using a statewide genealogy database. Methods: The Utah Population Database (UPDB) was queried using ICD-Oncology (International Classification of Diseases for Oncology) codes for primary spinal cord tumors. The hypothesis of disproportionate familial clustering was tested using the Genealogical Index of Familiality (GIF). The relative risks (RRs) in relatives were calculated using the ratio of observed spinal cord tumors to expected spinal cord tumors in relatives using estimated rates from the UPDB...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Ramakanth Yakkanti, Ikemefuna Onyekwelu, Leah Y Carreon, John R Dimar
Study Design: Case series and literature review. Objective: There is a growing body of literature supporting that osteochondroma of the spine may not be as rare as previously documented. The purpose of this study was to perform an updated review and present our experience with 4 cases of solitary osteochondroma of the spine, including surgical treatment and subsequent outcomes. Methods: A review of 4 cases and an updated literature review...
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Dino Samartzis, Mauro Alini, Howard S An, Jaro Karppinen, S Rajasekaran, Luiz Vialle, Jeffrey C Wang, Marinus de Kleuver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Global Spine Journal
Joseph R Dettori, Daniel C Norvell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Global Spine Journal
Asdrubal Falavigna, Francine W Quadros, Alisson R Teles, Chung Chek Wong, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Darrel Brodke, Abdulaziz Al-Mutair, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Objectives: To continue the line of a previous publication using steroid for acute spinal cord injury (SCI) by spine surgeons from Latin America (LA) and assess the current status of methylprednisolone (MP) prescription in Europe (EU), Asia Pacific (AP), North America (NA), and Middle East (ME) to determine targets for educational activities suitable for each region. Methods: The English version of a previously published questionnaire was used to evaluate opinions about MP administration in acute SCI in LA, EU, AP, NA, and ME...
May 2018: Global Spine Journal
Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Seyed Behnam Jazayeri, Aidin Abedi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Alexander R Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Anterior cervical approach is associated with complications such as dysphagia and airway compromise. In this study, we aimed to systematically review the literature on the efficacy and safety of corticosteroid administration as a preventive measure of such complications in anterior cervical spine surgery with fusion. Methods: Following a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases in July 2016, all comparative human studies that evaluated the effect of steroids for prevention of complications in anterior cervical spine surgery with fusion were included, irrespective of number of levels and language...
May 2018: Global Spine Journal
Alexandra Stratton, Peter Faris, Kenneth Thomas
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: To test the external validity of the 2 published prediction criteria for failure of medical management in patients with spinal epidural abscess (SEA). Methods: Patients with SEA over a 10-year period at a tertiary care center were identified using ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision) diagnostic codes; electronic and paper charts were reviewed. The incidence of SEA and the proportion of patients with SEA that were treated medically were calculated...
May 2018: Global Spine Journal
Brandon Raudenbush, Chelsea Frost, Richard Okafor, Chongshu Chen, Xing Qui, Addisu Mesfin
Study Design: Observational study. Objectives: To determine the publication rate of podium presentations from the North American Spine Society (NASS) annual meetings from the years 2009 to 2011. Methods: In April 2015, a PubMed search was conducted using titles from the paper presentations as well as the authors. Of the search results that were found, the specific scientific journal in which the article was published was recorded. We analyzed further the top 4 destination journals and trends in publications in these journals over the study period...
May 2018: Global Spine Journal
John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Nahyr Lugo-Fagundo, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, John Shin, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery encompasses a wide variety of spinal disorders and is associated with a morbidity rate between 20% and 80%. The utilization of spinal surgery has increased and this trend is expected to continue. To effectively deal with an increasing patient volume, identifying variables associated with patient discharge destination can expedite placement and reduce length of stay. Methods: The 2013-2014 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried using Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision diagnosis codes relevant to ASD...
May 2018: Global Spine Journal
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