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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152232/recent-therapeutic-advances-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#1
REVIEW
Prithviraj Bose, Varsha Gandhi
The last several years have witnessed a paradigm shift in the management of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The course of this very heterogeneous disease, traditionally treated with chemotherapeutic agents usually in combination with rituximab, typically has been characterized by remissions and relapses, and survival times vary greatly, depending on intrinsic biological attributes of the leukemia. The developments of the last few years have been transformative, ushering in an era of novel, molecularly targeted therapies, made possible by extensive efforts to elucidate the biology of the disease that predated the new targeted drugs...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152231/does-penile-rehabilitation-have-a-role-in-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-following-radical-prostatectomy
#2
REVIEW
Gideon Blecher, Khaled Almekaty, Odunayo Kalejaiye, Suks Minhas
In men undergoing radical treatment for prostate cancer, erectile function is one of the most important health-related quality-of-life outcomes influencing patient choice in treatment. Penile rehabilitation has emerged as a therapeutic measure to prevent erectile dysfunction and expedite return of erectile function after radical prostatectomy. Penile rehabilitation involves a program designed to increase the likelihood of return to baseline-level erectile function, as opposed to treatment, which implies the therapeutic treatment of symptoms, a key component of post-radical prostatectomy management...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152230/rare-fungal-infectious-agents-a-lurking-enemy
#3
REVIEW
Anna Skiada, Ioannis Pavleas, Maria Drogari-Apiranthitou
In the expanding population of immunocompromised patients and those treated in intensive care units, rare fungal infectious agents have emerged as important pathogens, causing invasive infections associated with high morbidity and mortality. These infections may present either as de novo or as breakthrough invasive infections in high-risk patients with hematologic malignancies receiving prophylactic or empirical antifungal therapy or in patients with central venous catheters. Diagnosis and treatment are challenging...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152229/ticking-time-bombs-connections-between-circadian-clocks-and-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Katja A Lamia
Connections between mammalian circadian and cell division cycles have been postulated since the early 20th century, and epidemiological and genetic studies have linked disruption of circadian clock function to increased risk of several types of cancer. In the past decade, it has become clear that circadian clock components influence cell growth and transformation in a cell-autonomous manner. Furthermore, several molecular mechanistic connections have been described in which clock proteins participate in sensing DNA damage, modulating DNA repair, and influencing the ubiquitination and degradation of key players in oncogenesis (c-MYC) and tumor suppression (p53)...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152228/cd1-from-molecules-to-diseases
#5
REVIEW
D Branch Moody, Sara Suliman
The human cluster of differentiation (CD)1 system for antigen display is comprised of four types of antigen-presenting molecules, each with a distinct functional niche: CD1a, CD1b, CD1c, and CD1d. Whereas CD1 proteins were thought solely to influence T-cell responses through display of amphipathic lipids, recent studies emphasize the role of direct contacts between the T-cell receptor and CD1 itself. Moving from molecules to diseases, new research approaches emphasize human CD1-transgenic mouse models and the study of human polyclonal T cells in vivo or ex vivo in disease states...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152227/promising-neuroprotective-strategies-for-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-with-a-focus-on-the-differential-effects-among-anatomical-levels-of-injury
#6
REVIEW
Antigona Ulndreaj, Anna Badner, Michael G Fehlings
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition of motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunction. The significant cost associated with the management and lifetime care of patients with SCI also presents a major economic burden. For these reasons, there is a need to develop and translate strategies that can improve outcomes following SCI. Given the challenges in achieving regeneration of the injured spinal cord, neuroprotection has been at the forefront of clinical translation. Yet, despite many preclinical advances, there has been limited translation into the clinic apart from methylprednisolone (which remains controversial), hypertensive therapy to maintain spinal cord perfusion, and early decompressive surgery...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152226/an-overview-of-the-cutaneous-porphyrias
#7
REVIEW
Robert Dawe
This is an overview of the cutaneous porphyrias. It is a narrative review based on the published literature and my personal experience; it is not based on a formal systematic search of the literature. The cutaneous porphyrias are a diverse group of conditions due to inherited or acquired enzyme defects in the porphyrin-haem biosynthetic pathway. All the cutaneous porphyrias can have (either as a consequence of the porphyria or as part of the cause of the porphyria) involvement of other organs as well as the skin...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152225/leaders-in-collective-migration-are-front-cells-really-endowed-with-a-particular-set-of-skills
#8
REVIEW
Eric Theveneau, Claudia Linker
Collective cell migration is the coordinated movement emerging from the interaction of at least two cells. In multicellular organisms, collective cell migration is ubiquitous. During development, embryonic cells often travel in numbers, whereas in adults, epithelial cells close wounds collectively. There is often a division of labour and two categories of cells have been proposed: leaders and followers. These two terms imply that followers are subordinated to leaders whose proposed broad range of actions significantly biases the direction of the group of cells towards a specific target...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152224/recent-insights-into-perk-dependent-signaling-from-the-stressed-endoplasmic-reticulum
#9
REVIEW
Alexander McQuiston, J Alan Diehl
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an evolutionarily conserved stress response to intra- and extracellular conditions that disrupt endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein-folding capacity. The UPR is engaged by a variety of disease conditions, including most cancers as well as both metabolic and neurodegenerative disorders. Three transmembrane transducers-PERK, IRE1, and ATF6-are responsible for activating downstream signaling pathways that mediate the UPR and subsequent stress response pathways. PERK, an ER resident transmembrane protein kinase, initiates both pro-apoptotic and pro-survival signaling pathways...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152223/stage-1-registered-report-effect-of-deficient-phagocytosis-on-neuronal-survival-and-neurological-outcome-after-temporary-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-tmcao
#10
Julius V Emmrich, Jonas J Neher, Philipp Boehm-Sturm, Matthias Endres, Ulrich Dirnagl, Christoph Harms
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. In addition to neuronal death resulting directly from energy depletion due to lack of blood supply, inflammation and microglial activation following ischemic brain injury has been increasingly recognized to be a key contributor to the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular disease. However, our understanding of the cross talk between the ischemic brain and the immune system is limited. Recently, we demonstrated that following focal ischemia, death of mature viable neurons can be executed through phagocytosis by microglial cells or recruited macrophages, i...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152222/preprocessed-consortium-for-neuropsychiatric-phenomics-dataset
#11
Krzysztof J Gorgolewski, Joke Durnez, Russell A Poldrack
Here we present preprocessed MRI data of 265 participants from the Consortium for Neuropsychiatric Phenomics (CNP) dataset. The preprocessed dataset includes minimally preprocessed data in the native, MNI and surface spaces accompanied with potential confound regressors, tissue probability masks, brain masks and transformations. In addition the preprocessed dataset includes unthresholded group level and single subject statistical maps from all tasks included in the original dataset. We hope that availability of this dataset will greatly accelerate research...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152221/pubrunner-a-light-weight-framework-for-updating-text-mining-results
#12
Kishore R Anekalla, J P Courneya, Nicolas Fiorini, Jake Lever, Michael Muchow, Ben Busby
Biomedical text mining promises to assist biologists in quickly navigating the combined knowledge in their domain. This would allow improved understanding of the complex interactions within biological systems and faster hypothesis generation. New biomedical research articles are published daily and text mining tools are only as good as the corpus from which they work. Many text mining tools are underused because their results are static and do not reflect the constantly expanding knowledge in the field. In order for biomedical text mining to become an indispensable tool used by researchers, this problem must be addressed...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152220/preference-and-willingness-to-pay-for-nutritional-counseling-services-in-urban-hanoi
#13
Hai Viet Nguyen, Ngoc Bao Trinh, Huong Thi Le, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Huong Thi Le, Bach Xuan Tran, Thuc Thi Minh Vu
Background: Despite substantial achievement in reducing malnutrition rates in Vietnam, there has been an increasing rate of overweight individuals in urban areas, which may result in a high burden of non-communicable diseases. Nutritional counseling clinics have been introduced in several settings; however, little is known about the preference for this service among urban clients. This study aimed to assess the preference and willingness to pay (WTP) for nutritional counseling services among urban clients.  Methods: We interviewed 429 clients who attended Hanoi Medical University Nutritional Counseling Clinic (Hanoi, Vietnam)...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152218/recent-advances-in-understanding-managing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
REVIEW
Pablo Aschner
The treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus has evolved in the present century toward safer and maybe more effective drugs, which in some cases can also reduce the risk of cardiovascular and renal outcomes. Nevertheless, we still need better strategies to reduce excess body weight in order to achieve diabetes remission, which is now a feasible target, as has been demonstrated with bariatric surgery. This review focuses on the significant advances in the management of blood glucose in type 2 diabetes mellitus, including the current understanding of the mechanisms of drug action but keeping in mind that the treatment of the disease is multifactorial...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123653/chloride-in-intensive-care-units-a-key-electrolyte
#15
REVIEW
Ghassan Bandak, Kianoush B Kashani
Over the past few years, chloride has joined the league of essential electrolytes for critically ill patients. Dyschloremia can occur secondary to various etiologic factors before and during patient admission in the intensive care unit. Some cases are disease-related; others, treatment-related. Chloride abnormalities were shown in animal models to have adverse effects on arterial blood pressure, renal blood flow, and inflammatory markers, which have led to several clinical investigations. Hyperchloremia was studied in several settings and correlated to different outcomes, including death and acute kidney injury...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123652/autoimmune-lymphoproliferative-syndrome-more-than-a-fascinating-disease
#16
REVIEW
Karen Bride, David Teachey
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is an inherited syndrome characterized by abnormal lymphocyte survival caused by failure of apoptotic mechanisms to maintain lymphocyte homeostasis. This failure leads to the clinical manifestations of non-infectious and non-malignant lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and autoimmune pathology, most commonly, autoimmune cytopenias. Since ALPS was first characterized in the early 1990s, insights in disease biology have improved both diagnosis and management of this syndrome...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123651/recent-advances-in-managing-and-understanding-enuresis
#17
REVIEW
Charlotte Van Herzeele, Johan Vande Walle, Karlien Dhondt, Kristian Vinter Juul
Enuresis, particularly in children during sleep, can be a debilitating condition, affecting the quality of life of the child and his or her family. The pathophysiology of nocturnal enuresis, though not clear, revolves around the inter-related mechanisms of overactive bladder, excessive nocturnal urine production, and sleep fragmentation. The first mechanism is more related to isolated nocturnal voiding, whereas the latter two are more related to nocturnal enuresis, in which circadian variations in arginine vasopressin hormone play a key role...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123650/transcellular-communication-at-the-immunological-synapse-a-vesicular-traffic-mediated-mutual-exchange
#18
REVIEW
Francesca Finetti, Chiara Cassioli, Cosima T Baldari
The cell's ability to communicate with the extracellular environment, with other cells, and with itself is a crucial feature of eukaryotic organisms. In the immune system, T lymphocytes assemble a specialized structure upon contact with antigen-presenting cells bearing a peptide-major histocompatibility complex ligand, known as the immunological synapse (IS). The IS has been extensively characterized as a signaling platform essential for T-cell activation. Moreover, emerging evidence identifies the IS as a device for vesicular traffic-mediated cell-to-cell communication as well as an active release site of soluble molecules...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123649/the%C3%A2-%C3%AE-c%C3%A2-family-of-cytokines-fine-tuning-signals-from-il-2-and-il-21-in-the-regulation-of-the-immune-response
#19
REVIEW
Rosanne Spolski, Daniel Gromer, Warren J Leonard
Interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15, and IL-21 form a family of cytokines based on the sharing of a receptor component, the common cytokine receptor γ chain, γ c, which is encoded by the gene mutated in humans with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (XSCID). Together, these cytokines play critical roles in lymphoid development, differentiation, growth, and survival as well as mediating effector function. Here, we provide an overview of the main actions of members of this cytokine family but then primarily focus on IL-2 and IL-21, discussing their dynamic interplay and contributions to a fine-tuned immune response...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123648/novel-therapeutic-approaches-to-simultaneously-target-rhinovirus-infection-and-asthma-copd-pathogenesis
#20
REVIEW
Carmen Mirabelli, Els Scheers, Johan Neyts
Rhinoviruses are exclusive respiratory pathogens and the etiological agents of the common cold. These viruses are increasingly reported to cause exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, we review the role of rhinovirus infections in the pathogenesis of asthma and COPD and we discuss the current and potential future treatments. We propose that, in order to prevent exacerbations, the design of novel therapeutics should focus on directly acting antivirals but also include the design of drugs that simultaneously inhibit viral replication and alleviate symptoms of asthma and COPD...
2017: F1000Research
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