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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503301/is-there-a-role-for-ischaemic-conditioning-in-cardiac-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Luciano Candilio, Derek Hausenloy
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the revascularisation strategy of choice in patients with diabetes mellitus and complex CAD. Owing to a number of factors, including the ageing population, the increased complexity of CAD being treated, concomitant valve and aortic surgery, and multiple comorbidities, higher-risk patients are being operated on, the result of which is an increased risk of sustaining perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) and poorer clinical outcomes...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503300/how-to-decrease-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-your-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-today-and-tomorrow
#2
REVIEW
Leif D Nelin, Vineet Bhandari
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or BPD, is the most common chronic lung disease in infants. Genetic predisposition and developmental vulnerability secondary to antenatal and postnatal infections, compounded with exposure to hyperoxia and invasive mechanical ventilation to an immature lung, result in persistent inflammation, culminating in the characteristic pulmonary phenotype of BPD of impaired alveolarization and dysregulated vascularization. In this article, we highlight specific areas in current management, and speculate on therapeutic strategies that are on the horizon, that we believe will make an impact in decreasing the incidence of BPD in your neonatal intensive care units...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503299/dangertrack-a-scoring-system-to-detect-difficult-to-assess-regions
#3
Igor Dolgalev, Fritz Sedlazeck, Ben Busby
Over recent years, multiple groups have shown that a large number of structural variants, repeats, or problems with the underlying genome assembly have dramatic effects on the mapping, calling, and overall reliability of single nucleotide polymorphism calls. This project endeavored to develop an easy-to-use track for looking at structural variant and repeat regions. This track, DangerTrack, can be displayed alongside the existing Genome Reference Consortium assembly tracks to warn clinicians and biologists when variants of interest may be incorrectly called, of dubious quality, or on an insertion or copy number expansion...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503298/patterns-of-ocular-inflammation-in-patients-with-miliary-tuberculosis
#4
Salil Mehta
BACKGROUND: Ocular morbidity associated with systemic tuberculosis is common. The clinical picture varies from anterior uveitis, intermediate uveitis and posterior uveitis to even panuveitis. There is little data on the correlation between specific systemic presentations and the ocular inflammation. We conducted a retrospective review of the ocular findings in the case records of patients admitted with a diagnosis of miliary tuberculosis. These patients were then referred for a more detailed ophthalmic evaluation...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503297/cardiovascular-involvement-and-manifestations-of-systemic-chikungunya-virus-infection-a-systematic-review
#5
María Fernanda Alvarez, Adrián Bolívar-Mejía, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Eduardo Ramirez-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: In the last three years, chikungunya virus disease has been spreading, affecting particularly the Americas, producing more than two million cases. In this setting, not only new disease-related epidemiological patterns have been found, but also new clinical findings have been reported by different research groups. These include findings on the cardiovascular system, including clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic alterations. METHODS: We performed a systematic review looking for reports about cardiovascular compromise during chikungunya disease...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491293/what-s-new-in-the-management-of-adult-bronchiectasis
#6
REVIEW
Usma Koser, Adam Hill
Bronchiectasis is a heterogeneous, chronic condition with many aetiologies. It poses a significant burden on patients and healthcare practitioners and services. Clinical exacerbations often result in reduced quality of life, increased rate of lung function decline, increased hospitalisation, and mortality. Recent focus in respiratory research, guidelines, and future management options has improved this clinical field in evidence-based practice, but further work and phase III clinical trials are required. This article aims to summarise and explore advances in management strategies in recent years and highlight areas of research and future focus...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491292/looking-at-the-recent-advances-in-understanding-%C3%AE-synuclein-and-its-aggregation-through-the-proteoform-prism
#7
REVIEW
Vladimir N Uversky
Despite attracting the close attention of multiple researchers for the past 25 years, α-synuclein continues to be an enigma, hiding sacred truth related to its structure, function, and dysfunction, concealing mechanisms of its pathological spread within the affected brain during disease progression, and, above all, covering up the molecular mechanisms of its multipathogenicity, i.e. the ability to be associated with the pathogenesis of various diseases. The goal of this article is to present the most recent advances in understanding of this protein and its aggregation and to show that the remarkable structural, functional, and dysfunctional multifaceted nature of α-synuclein can be understood using the proteoform concept...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491291/recent-advances-in-the-management-and-understanding-of-macular-degeneration
#8
REVIEW
Sepehr Bahadorani, Michael Singer
Current management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is directed at intravitreal injection of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors for the treatment of wet AMD and supplementation with oral antioxidants for the treatment of dry AMD. In this article, we will review recent clinical trials for the treatment of dry and wet AMD.
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491290/dna-nanochannels
#9
REVIEW
Dianming Wang, Yiyang Zhang, Dongsheng Liu
Transmembrane proteins are mostly nanochannels playing a highly important role in metabolism. Understanding their structures and functions is vital for revealing life processes. It is of fundamental interest to develop chemical devices to mimic biological channels. Structural DNA nanotechnology has been proven to be a promising method for the preparation of fine DNA nanochannels as a result of the excellent properties of DNA molecules. This review presents the development history and current situation of three different types of DNA nanochannel: tile-based nanotube, DNA origami nanochannel, and DNA bundle nanochannel...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491289/recent-advances-in-preoperative-management-of-esophageal-adenocarcinoma
#10
REVIEW
Kazuto Harada, Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Hideo Baba, Jaffer A Ajani
Esophageal cancer is an aggressive malignancy with increasing incidence, and the prognosis of patients treated by surgery alone remains dismal. Preoperative treatment can modestly prolong overall survival. Preoperative chemotherapy or chemoradiation is the standard of care for resectable esophageal cancer (greater than clinical stage I and less than clinical stage IV). One of the challenges is to predict complete response in the surgical specimen from preoperative therapy and to avoid surgery in some patients but also predict ineffectiveness of preoperative therapy if the tumor is resistant and avoid such therapies altogether...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491288/selective-vulnerabilities-and-biomarkers-in-neurocognitive-aging
#11
REVIEW
Zachariah Reagh, Michael Yassa
As the world's population continues to age, an understanding of the aging brain becomes increasingly crucial. This review focuses on several recent ideas and findings in the study of neurocognitive aging, specifically focusing on episodic memory, and discusses how they can be considered and used to guide us moving forward. Topics include dysfunction in neural circuits, the roles of neurogenesis and inhibitory signaling, vulnerability in the entorhinal cortex, individual differences, and comorbidities. These avenues of study provide a brief overview of promising themes in the field and together provide a snapshot of what we believe will be important emerging topics in selective vulnerabilities in the aging brain...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491287/linking-cortical-microtubule-attachment-and-exocytosis
#12
REVIEW
Ivar Noordstra, Anna Akhmanova
Exocytosis is a fundamental cellular process whereby secreted molecules are packaged into vesicles that move along cytoskeletal filaments and fuse with the plasma membrane. To function optimally, cells are strongly dependent on precisely controlled delivery of exocytotic cargo. In mammalian cells, microtubules serve as major tracks for vesicle transport by motor proteins, and thus microtubule organization is important for targeted delivery of secretory carriers. Over the years, multiple microtubule-associated and cortical proteins have been discovered that facilitate the interaction between the microtubule plus ends and the cell cortex...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491286/unwinding-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Vasil Peev, Eunsil Hahm, Jochen Reiser
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) represents the most common primary glomerular disease responsible for the development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States (US). The disease progresses from podocyte injury to chronic kidney disease (CKD), ultimately leading to total nephron degeneration. Extensive basic science research has been conducted to unwind the mechanisms of FSGS and, with those insights, understand major contributors of CKD in general. As a result, several putative molecules and pathways have been studied, all implicated in the disease; some serve, in addition, as early biomarkers...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491285/midlife-interventions-are-critical-in-prevention-delay-or-improvement-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#14
Sam Gandy, Tamas Bartfai, Graham V Lees, Mary Sano
The basic strategy for focusing exclusively on genetically identified targets for intervening in late life dementias was formulated 30 years ago.  Three decades and billions of dollars later, all efforts at disease-modifying interventions have failed.  Over that same period, evidence has accrued pointing to dementias as late-life clinical phenotypes that begin as midlife pathologies.  Effective prevention therefore may need to begin in midlife, in order to succeed. No current interventions are sufficiently safe to justify their use in midlife dementia prevention trials...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491284/hermaphroditism-in-the-white-spot-grouper-epinephelus-coeruleopunctatus-pisces-serranidae-harvested-from-padang-city-waters-indonesia
#15
Usman Bulanin, Masrizal Masrizal, Zainal A Muchlisin
The objective of the present study was to determine the length (mm) for sex transformation of hermaphroditism in white spot grouper Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus as a basis for developing breeding technology. Fish sampling was carried out between April and October 2013 in Padang City waters, Indonesia. A total of 56 white spot groupers were recorded during the study; of these 22 were male, 28 female and 6 samples were not recognized regarding sex preference. Sex differentiation was detected at a length of 183 mm, and at this size the fish are female...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491283/open-online-courses-in-public-health-experience-from-peoples-uni
#16
Richard F Heller, Robert Zurynski, Alan Barrett, Omo Oaiya, Rajan Madhok
Open Online Courses (OOCs) are offered by Peoples-uni at http://ooc.peoples-uni.org to complement the courses run on a separate site for academic credit at http://courses.peoples-uni.org. They provide a wide range of online learning resources beyond those usually found in credit bearing Public Health courses. They are self-paced, and students can enrol themselves at any time and utilise Open Educational Resources free of copyright restrictions.  In the two years that courses have been running, 1174 students from 100 countries have registered and among the 1597 enrollments in 15 courses, 15% gained a certificate of completion...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491282/cell-growth-inhibition-and-apoptotic-effects-of-a-specific-anti-rtfscfv-antibody-on-prostate-cancer-but-not-glioblastoma-cells
#17
Foroogh Nejatollahi, Payam Bayat, Bahareh Moazen
Background: Single chain antibody (scFv) has shown interesting results in cancer immunotargeting approaches, due to its advantages over monoclonal antibodies. Regeneration and tolerance factor (RTF) is one of the most important regulators of extracellular and intracellular pH in eukaryotic cells. In this study, the inhibitory effects of a specific anti-RTF scFv were investigated and compared between three types of prostate cancer and two types of glioblastoma cells.  Methods: A phage antibody display library of scFv was used to select specific scFvs against RTF using panning process...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491281/annotated-mitochondrial-genome-with-nanopore-r9-signal-for-nippostrongylus-brasiliensis
#18
Jodie Chandler, Mali Camberis, Tiffany Bouchery, Mark Blaxter, Graham Le Gros, David A Eccles
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, a nematode parasite of rodents, has a parasitic life cycle that is an extremely useful model for the study of human hookworm infection, particularly in regards to the induced immune response. The current reference genome for this parasite is highly fragmented with minimal annotation, but new advances in long-read sequencing suggest that a more complete and annotated assembly should be an achievable goal. We de-novo assembled a single contig mitochondrial genome from N. brasiliensis using MinION R9 nanopore data...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491280/ar2-a-novel-automatic-artifact-reduction-software-method-for-ictal-eeg-interpretation-validation-and-comparison-of-performance-with-commercially-available-software
#19
Shennan Aibel Weiss, Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Sitaram Vangala, Stephanie Moy, Dale H Wyeth, Iren Orosz, Michael Gibbs, Lara Schrader, Jason Lerner, Christopher K Cheng, Edward Chang, Rajsekar Rajaraman, Inna Keselman, Perdro Churchman, Christine Bower-Baca, Adam L Numis, Michael G Ho, Lekha Rao, Annapoorna Bhat, Joanna Suski, Marjan Asadollahi, Timothy Ambrose, Andres Fernandez, Maromi Nei, Christopher Skidmore, Scott Mintzer, Dawn S Eliashiv, Gary W Mathern, Marc R Nuwer, Michael Sperling, Jerome Engel, John M Stern
Objective: To develop a novel software method (AR2) for reducing muscle contamination of ictal scalp electroencephalogram (EEG), and validate this method on the basis of its performance in comparison to a commercially available software method (AR1) to accurately depict seizure-onset location. Methods: A blinded investigation used 23 EEG recordings of seizures from 8 patients. Each recording was uninterpretable with digital filtering because of muscle artifact and processed using AR1 and AR2 and reviewed by 26 EEG specialists...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491279/-mesenchymal-stem-cells-fact-or-fiction-and-implications-in-their-therapeutic-use
#20
REVIEW
Pamela Robey
The concept of a post-natal "mesenchymal stem cell" ("MSC") originated from studies focused on bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), which are non-hematopoietic adherent cells, a subset of which are skeletal stem cells (SSCs), able to form cartilage, bone, hematopoiesis-supportive stroma, and marrow adipocytes based on rigorous clonal and differentiation assays. Subsequently, it was speculated that BMSCs could form other mesodermal derivatives and even cell types from other germ layers. Based on BMSC surface markers, representative of fibroblastic cells, and imprecise differentiation assays, it was further imagined that "MSCs" are ubiquitous and equipotent...
2017: F1000Research
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