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Iranian Journal of Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114373/coiled-distal-internal-carotid-artery-ica-aneurysm-in-transcranial-sonography
#1
Masoud Mehrpour, Fahimeh Haji-Akhoundi, Babak Zamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114372/churg-straus-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Safa Najmi, Armaghan Ghareaghaji-Zare, Saeed Ghazanfari-Amlashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114371/sarcoidosis-limbic-encephalitis-a-case-report
#3
Moussa Toudou-Daouda, Hamid Assadeck, Boubacar Efared
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114370/taming-alzheimer-s-disease-new-perspectives-newer-horizons
#4
REVIEW
Debraj Sen, Anusree Majumder, Vijinder Arora, Neha Yadu, Ritwik Chakrabarti
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia. However, current therapies do not prevent progression of the disease. New research into the pathogenesis of the disease has brought about a greater understanding of the "amyloid cascade" and associated receptor abnormalities, the role of genetic factors, and revealed that the disease process commences 10 to 20 years prior to the appearance of clinical signs. This greater understanding of the disease has prompted development of novel disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) which may prevent onset or delay progression of the disease...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114369/bimelic-symmetric-hirayama-disease-spectrum-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-and-comparative-evaluation-with-classical-monomelic-amyotrophy-and-other-motor-neuron-disease
#5
Deb Kumar Boruah, Shantiranjan Sanyal, Arjun Prakash, Sashidhar Achar, Dhabal D Dhingani, Binod Sarma
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in bilateral symmetrical Hirayama disease and find out MRI features which are probably more indicative of symmetrical Hirayama disease, thereby help in differentiating this entity from other motor neuron disease (MND). Methods: This prospective as well as retrospective study was carried out from December 2010 to September 2016 in a tertiary care center of northeast India on 92 patients with Hirayama disease. Only 19 patients having bilateral symmetric upper limb involvement at the time of presentation were included in this study sample...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114368/recurrent-isolated-optic-neuritis-a-study-on-22-patients
#6
Mahsa Arzani, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Hamed Rezaei, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi
Background: Isolated relapsing optic neuropathy is a recurrent painful optic nerve inflammation without any sign of other demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) or neuromyelitis optica (NMO) spectrum disorders, and the attacks are purely responsive to steroid therapy. Methods: Recurrent isolated optic neuritis (RION) was diagnosed in patients who presented with at least two disseminating episodes of optic neuritis, and negative clinical, para-clinical, and radiological features of the demyelinating, infiltrative and vasculitis disorders involving optic nerve...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114367/the-comparison-of-anti-seizure-and-tocolytic-effects-of-phenytoin-and-magnesium-sulphate-in-the-treatment-of-eclampsia-and-preeclampsia-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Maryam Khooshideh, Majid Ghaffarpour, Sama Bitarafan
Background: To date, magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is the treatment of choice for prevention of seizure in eclampsia and preeclampsia. However, there are some limitations in the administration of MgSO4 due to its tocolytic effects. The aim of this study was to compare the anticonvulsant and tocolytic effects of MgSO4 and another drug, phenytoin, in patients with eclampsia and preeclampsia. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on pregnant women hospitalised with eclampsia or preeclampsia, during 2014-2016...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114366/evaluation-of-non-motor-symptoms-and-their-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-isfahan-iran
#8
Mehri Salari, Ahmad Chitsaz, Masoud Etemadifar, Mohammad Reza Najafi, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Maryam Bemanalizadeh, Fatemeh Panahi, Hosna Mirzajani
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is diagnosed on the basis of motor symptoms, but non-motor symptoms (NMS) have high prevalence in PD and often antecede motor symptoms for years and cause severe disability. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of NMS in patients with PD. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Isfahan, Iran, on patients with PD. The prevalence of NMS was evaluated by the NMS questionnaire, the NMS scale, and Parkinson's disease questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39). The Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) was used for assessing cognition...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114365/stroke-subtypes-risk-factors-and-mortality-rate-in-northwest-of-iran
#9
Mehdi Farhoudi, Kaveh Mehrvar, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mazyar Hashemilar, Manouchehr Seyedi-Vafaee, Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabad, Reza Rikhtegar, Babak Saber-Maroof, Mohammad Abutalebi, Mahsa Rezaei, Sahar Vaferi, Alireza Aghili, Omid Ebrahimi
Background: Stroke is the second most common cause of death and first cause of disability in adults in the world. About 80% of all stroke deaths occur in developing countries. So far, the data on stroke epidemiology have been limited in Iran. Therefore, this study was focused on stroke demographic data, risk factors, types and mortality. Methods: A retrospective study was done in two university tertiary referral hospitals in Tabriz, northwest of Iran, from March 2008 to April 2013. Patients diagnosed with stroke were enrolled in the study...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114364/outcome-of-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-on-long-term-motor-function-of-patients-with-advanced-parkinson-disease
#10
Gholam Ali Shahidi, Mohammad Rohani, Mansour Parvaresh, Bahram Haghi-Ashtiani, Maryam Saeedi, Romina Rashedi, Zeynab Noori-Motlagh
Background: The objective of our study was to assess Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score in Parkinson disease (PD) patients who underwent subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) 6 years after their surgery and to compare their UPDRS score 6 years after DBS with their score before surgery and 6 months after their operation. Methods: In this cross sectional study which was carried out at Neurology Department of Rasool-e Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran, affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences between 2008 and 2014, 37 patients with advanced PD were enrolled using non-randomized sampling method...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761636/the-third-iranian-and-the-second-joint-french-iranian-neuromuscular-meeting
#11
Farnaz Sinaei, Farzad Fatehi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761635/a-huge-and-invasive-skull-metastasis-caused-by-renal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Ali Babashahi, Morteza Taheri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761634/acute-beriberi-neuropathy-mimicking-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-after-a-strict-vegetarian-diet
#13
Anis Riahi, Malek Mansour, Ines Bedoui, Hajer Derbali, Mariem Messelmani, Jamel Zaouali, Ridha Mrissa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761633/oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy-misdiagnosed-as-myasthenia-gravis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Omid Aryani, Mohammadreza Akbari, Masoud Aghsaei-Fard, Arash Mirmohammad-Sadeghi, Samira Yadegari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761632/the-unexpected-finding-of-a-hemangioblastoma-on-the-cerebellum-of-a-patient-undergoing-treatment-with-natalizumab-for-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Joseph Bruno Bidin Brooks, Mateus Reghin Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761631/prevalence-of-familial-multiple-sclerosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Ravanbakhsh Esmaeili, Mohammad Mehdi Nasehi, Ghasem Abedi, Mahdi Afshari, Fereshteh Farshidi, Motahareh Kheradmand
Background: Familial history of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been considered as one of the etiologic factors of MS by several studies. It is valuable to combine the results of these studies. The aim of this study is to estimate the pooled prevalence of familial MS in Iran using meta-analysis. Methods: Using relevant keywords, national and international databanks were searched. Considering the significant heterogeneity between the results, random effect model was utilized to estimate the pooled prevalence of familial MS using Stata software...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761630/s100-b-a-new-concept-in-neurocritical-care
#17
REVIEW
Omidvar Rezaei, Hossein Pakdaman, Kurosh Gharehgozli, Leila Simani, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Sina Asaadi, Zahra Sahraei, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili
After brain injuries, concentrations of some brain markers such as S100B protein in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are correlated with the severity and outcome of brain damage. To perform an updated review of S100B roles in human neurocritical care domain, an electronic literature search was carried among articles published in English prior to March 2017. They were retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, EMBSCO, CINAHL, ISC and the Cochrane Library using keywords including "brain", "neurobiochemical marker", "neurocritical care", and "S100B protein"...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761629/atherogenic-indices-in-stroke-patients-a-retrospective-study
#18
Rajaragupathy Sujatha, Subramanian Kavitha
Background: Stroke makes a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although derangements in the lipid profile have been suggested as a risk factor for the development of stroke, various studies show inconsistent results on the association between lipid profile and stroke. A very few studies have commented on the status of lipid indices in stroke patients. Methods: After obtaining ethical medical records of the study populations were analyzed, and data collected from patients admitted to the hospital with clinically diagnosed stroke and control group consisted of apparently healthy volunteers selected from the master health checkup department...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761628/modified-atkins-diet-in-adult-with-refractory-epilepsy-a-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Mohammad Zare, Ali Asghar Okhovat, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Jafar Mehvari, Mohammad Reza Najafi, Mohammad Saadatnia
Background: The usefulness of the modified Atkins diet (mAD) in refractory epilepsy in adults has been rarely investigated. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of mAD in adult with refractory epilepsy. Methods: In a controlled randomized clinical trial, we enrolled 66 refractory adult epileptic cases from February 2010 to December 2012. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, case groups (22 patients) used antiepileptic drugs and mAD and control group (32 patients) only use antiepileptic drugs. The primary outcome was at least 50% decrement in seizure frequency after 2 months of therapy...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761627/acute-management-of-stroke-in-iran-obstacles-and-solutions
#20
Shima Shahjouei, Reza Bavarsad-Shahripour, Farhad Assarzadegan, Reza Rikhtegar, Masoud Mehrpour, Babak Zamani, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Andrei Alexandrov, Anne Alexandrov, Ramin Zand
Background: Stroke is among the leading causes of mortality and permanent disability in the world. Iran is located in the stroke belt and has a high age-adjusted stroke incidence rate. In this multistep prospective qualitative study, we aimed at investigating the status and challenges of stroke management in Iran and explore possible solutions. Methods: In the first and second phase, we attempted to define the status of stroke management in Iran by searching the relevant literature and conducting semi-structured interviews with health-care providers in thirteen hospitals located in seven large cities in Iran...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
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