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Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226111/comparison-of-electronic-learning-versus-lecture-based-learning-in-improving-emergency-medicine-residents-knowledge-about-mild-induced-hypothermia-after-cardiac-arrest
#1
Maryam Soleimanpour, Farzad Rahmani, Mehrad Naghizadeh Golzari, Alireza Ala, Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi, Robab Mehdizadeh Esfanjani, Hassan Soleimanpour
Background: The process of medical education depends on several issues such as training materials, students, professors, educational fields, and the applied technologies. The current study aimed at comparing the impacts of e-learning and lecture-based learning of mild induced hypothermia (MIH) after cardiac arrest on the increase of knowledge among emergency medicine residents. Methods: In a pre- and post-intervention study, MIH after cardiac arrest was taught to 44 emergency medicine residents...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226110/comparison-effect-of-promethazine-dexamethasone-and-metoclopramide-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparascopic-gastric-placation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Mohammad Talebpour, Naser Ghiasnejad Omrani, Farsad Imani, Reza Shariat Moharari, Pejman Pourfakhr, Mohammad Reza Khajavi
Background: Laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) is a technique in the restrictive category of bariatric procedures that reduces the gastric volume and increases intragastric pressure. Nausea and vomiting are the most common complications after this procedure. The goal of this research is to compare the combined effect of promethazine/dexamethasone versus Metoclopramide/ dexamethasone on the prevention of nausea and vomiting after LGP. Methods: In recovery, the patients were divided into two groups, the Metoclopramide group which was given Metoclopramide 10 mg plus dexamethasone 4 mg/8 hours intravenous for 48 hours, and the promethazine group which was given promethazine 50 mg /12 hours, intramuscular for the first 24 hours and then promethazine 25 mg/12 hours for the next 24 hours plus dexamethasone 4 mg/8 hours intravenous for 48 hours...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181333/developing-cervical-hematoma-following-jaw-thrust-maneuver-triggered-diagnosis-of-neurofibromatosis-a-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#3
Behzad Nemati Honar, Alireza Mirkheshti, Elham Memary
A 25-year-old man underwent an excision of a thigh mass under general anesthesia without any complication. After the operation, he developed oxygen desaturation requiring a jaw thrust maneuver. A rapidly expanding hematoma on the right side of the neck was formed shortly after the application of the maneuver. The patient was returned to the operation room for a neck exploration. Damage to the facial artery and vein was noted. Further evaluations confirmed the diagnosis of Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). It is recommended that considering the probable risk of arising hematoma in NF-1 patients, application of jaw thrust maneuver should be performed meticulously...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181332/intravenous-midazolam-as-more-effective-than-propofol-for-preventing-pruritus-after-intrathecal-sufentanil-in-surgical-patients-a-randomized-blinded-trial
#4
Jalil Makarem, Seyed Mohammad Mireskandari, Afshin Jafarzadeh, Laya Rahbar Nikoukar, Sara Aghaii
Background: Pruritus is a troublesome side effect of intrathecal opioids. Midazolam can reinforce GABA-mediated inhibition of the medullary dorsal horn neurons, and thus theoretically has potential to suppress opioid-induced pruritus. Objectives: This prospective double-blinded randomized trial aimed at comparing the effects of propofol, midazolam, and a combination of the two on the prevention of pruritus induced by intrathecal sufentanil. Methods: Eighty-four patients undergoing spinal anesthesia with 3 mL hyperbaric bupivacaine 0...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181331/effect-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-on-postoperative-pain-in-vitrectomy-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#5
Seyed Hossein Sadrolsadat, Fardin Yousefshahi, Abbas Ostadalipour, Fatemeh Zahra Mohammadi, Jalil Makarem
Background: Nowadays, pain, nausea, and vomiting are regarded as important complications of anesthesia and surgery. The current study aimed at assessing the effect of preemptive intravenous acetaminophen on control of pain, nausea, vomiting, shivering, and drowsiness following the general anesthesia for retina and/or vitrectomy surgeries. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial, 83 candidates for retina or vitrectomy eye surgery under general anesthesia were distributed into 3 groups: A) 41 patients in the control group who received 100 mL of normal saline just before the surgery and 100 mL of normal saline 20 minutes before the end of surgery; B) 21 patients in the preemptive group who received acetaminophen 15 mg/kg in 100 mL normal saline just before the surgery and 100 mL normal saline 20 minutes before the end of surgery; C) 21 patients in the preventive group who received 100 mL normal saline just before the surgery and acetaminophen 15 mg/kg in 100 mL normal saline 20 minutes before the end of surgery...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181330/evaluation-of-admission-indications-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-center-a-five-year-retrospective-review
#6
Farnoush Farzi, Ali Mirmansouri, Zahra Atrkar Roshan, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Gelareh Biazar, Shima Yazdipaz
Background: Care of obstetric patients has always been a challenge for critical care physicians, because in addition to their complex pregnancy-related disease, fetal viability is considered. Objectives: The aim of this study was to review the admission indications, clinical characteristics and outcomes of obstetric patients, admitted to the intensive care unit of Alzzahra teaching hospital affiliated to Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on pregnant /post-partum (up to 6 weeks) patients admitted to the ICU over a 5-year period from April 2009 to April, 2014...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924561/cooled-radiofrequency-ablation-of-genicular-nerves-for-knee-osteoarthritis-pain-a-letter-to-editor
#7
Menno E Sluijter, Alexandre Teixeira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924560/the-effect-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-postoperative-pain-in-upper-limb-surgeries-by-supraclavicular-block-under-ultrasound-guidance
#8
Reza Akhondzade, Sholeh Nesioonpour, Mohammadreza Gousheh, Farhad Soltani, Mohsen Davarimoghadam
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of different adjuvants on brachial plexus block. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of adding magnesium sulfate to lidocaine on postoperative pain in upper limb surgeries by supraclavicular brachial plexus block under ultrasound guidance. METHODS: This study was carried out on patients who were candidate for upper limb surgeries. This was a controlled double-blind study conducted on a number of 52 patients aged 18 - 75 years with ASA class I or II...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856114/total-intravenous-anesthesia-for-neurosurgical-procedures-in-narcoleptic-patients-two-case-reports
#9
Sara Pedrosa, Nuno Lareiro, Pedro Amorim
INTRODUCTION: Narcoleptic patients may be at increased risk of prolonged emergence, postoperative hypersomnia, apneic episodes, and sleep paralysis after general anesthesia. Modafinil is the first-line treatment, however, the implication it has on general anesthesia is not clear. This report present 2 cases of narcoleptic patients medicated with modafinil that were submitted to total intravenous anesthesia for neurosurgical procedures. CASE PRESENTATION: Informed consent was obtained from both patients...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856113/a-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-oral-memantine-and-placebo-for-acute-postoperative-pain-in-patients-undergoing-dacryocystorhinostomy-dcr
#10
Poupak Rahimzadeh, Farnad Imani, Nasim Nikoubakht, Zahra Koleini, Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz, Azadeh Sayarifard
BACKGROUND: Memantine is an N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) antagonist. By transferring acute postoperative pain, the NMDA channels may lead to active excess and neuropathic pain. Objectives: This study attempted to investigate the effect of preoperative use of single oral dose of memantine in controlling Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) postoperative pain. METHODS: A double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients undergoing DCR. On arrival at the operating room, the memantine group received 20 mg of oral memantine and the control group received placebo...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856112/the-efficacy-of-systemic-lidocaine-in-the-management-of-chronic-pain-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Fardin Yousefshahi, Oana Predescu, Juan Francisco Asenjo
CONTEXT: Despite recent advances in the understanding of the chronic pain concept, its diagnosis and management remains a daily challenge for clinicians and patients. Based on the published literature, this review discusses and tries to organize the current knowledge and the up-to-date clinical experience about the efficacy and safety of the use of intravenous lidocaine in treatment and prevention of chronic pain. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: To prepare this narrative review, we performed an in depth literature review using the PubMed searching engine...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856111/adaptive-support-ventilation-reduces-the-incidence-of-atelectasis-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Seyed Tayeb Moradian, Yaser Saeid, Abbas Ebadi, Ali Hemmat, Mohammad Saeid Ghiasi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications are common following cardiac surgery and can lead to increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Atelectasis is the most common respiratory complication following cardiac surgery. One of the most important methods for reducing pulmonary complications is supportive care with protective ventilation strategies. In this study, we aimed to assess the effect of adaptive support ventilation (ASV) on atelectasis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856110/the-analgesic-efficiency-of-ultrasound-guided-rectus-sheath-analgesia-compared-with-low-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-after-elective-abdominal-surgery-with-a-midline-incision-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hany Mahmoud Yassin, Ahmed Tohamy Abd Elmoneim, Hatem El Moutaz
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided rectus sheath blockade has been described to provide analgesia for midline abdominal incisions. We aimed to compare thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and rectus sheath analgesia (RSA) with respect to safety and efficacy. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent elective laparotomies through a midline incision were assigned randomly to receive either continuous TEA (TEA group, n = 31) or intermittent RSA (RSA group, n = 29). The number of patients who required analgesia, the time to first request analgesia, the interval and the cumulative morphine doses consumption during 72 hours postoperatively, and pain intensity using visual analog score (VAS) at rest and upon coughing were reported in addition to any side effects related to both techniques or administered drugs...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824869/postoperative-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-primary-or-revision-knee-arthroplasty-with-adductor-canal-block
#14
Alexander E Grant, Eric S Schwenk, Marc C Torjman, Richard Hillesheim, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: Multimodal analgesia featuring peripheral nerve blocks decreases postoperative pain for patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Many anesthesiologists and surgeons advocate for the use of adductor canal blocks (ACBs) for analgesia, which result in less weakness compared to femoral nerve blocks. Few data exist to guide analgesic management in total knee revision (TKR), considered to be more painful than primary TKA. We hypothesized that TKR patients with a continuous ACB would use more opioids than primary TKA patients who received the same analgesic regimen...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824868/is-corticosteroid-of-no-use-for-pediatric-patients-with-common-cold-undergoing-anesthesia-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#15
Mohammadreza Kamranmanesh, Babak Gharaei
BACKGROUND: Use of laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) has been advocated for children with upper respiratory tract infection (URI). However, no randomized trial has yet compared intravenous corticosteroids versus placebo in these patients. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized the lower incidence of postoperative cough (as the primary outcome) with intravenous corticosteroid versus placebo in pediatric patients with mild URI, who were anesthetized with LMA. METHODS: A total of 210 patients with mild URI, aged 1 - 6 years, were included...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824867/the-contribution-of-nmda-receptors-in-antinociceptive-effect-of-pregabalin-comparison-of-two-models-of-pain-assessment
#16
Manzumeh Shamsi Meymandi, Fariborz Keyhanfar, Gholam Reza Sepehri, Gioia Heravi, Omid Yazdanpanah
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin has shown remarkable antinociceptive effects in neuropathic pain; however, its efficacy against acute and visceral pain remained controversial. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at investigating the involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the antinociceptive effect of pregabalin in both acute and visceral pain using and comparing hot plate test and writhing test in male mice. METHODS: NMDA (15 and 30 mg/kg), as an agonist or MK801 (0...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824866/comparison-between-pendant-position-and-traditional-sitting-position-for-successful-spinal-puncture-in-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section
#17
Pryambodho Pryambodho, Alfan Mahdi Nugroho, Desy Januarrifianto
BACKGROUND: Success of spinal anesthesia in pregnant females is strongly influenced by the position of the patient at the time of spinal insertion. Pendant position is a new position introduced to increase the intervertebral spaces. The current study aimed at comparing successful spinal puncture among the patients with pendant position in comparison with the ones with traditional sitting position for the elective caesarean section. METHODS: The current study was a non-blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT) (registration code: NCT02753660 (ClinicalTrial...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920052/the-effect-of-intravenous-magnesium-sulfate-versus-intravenous-sufentanil-on-the-duration-of-analgesia-and-postoperative-pain-in-patients-with-tibia-fracture
#18
Ali Reza Olapour, Ahmad Reza Mohtadi, Mansour Soltanzadeh, Ali Ghomeishi, Reza Akhondzadeh, Maryam Jafari
BACKGROUND: In the recent decades controlling postoperative pain has become a popular topic as it leads to the patients' wellbeing and improved life quality, while it reduces the costs for both patients and medical facilities. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at comparing intravenous magnesium sulfate versus intravenous sufentanil on the duration of analgesia and postoperative pain in patients undergoing tibia fracture surgery. METHODS: This double blind clinical trial study was performed on 70 candidates of tibia fractures between the ages of 18 and 55 years with American society of anesthesiologists (ASA) class I and II...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920051/comparison-of-1-and-2-minute-sitting-positions-versus-immediately-lying-down-on-hemodynamic-variables-after-spinal-anesthesia-with-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-in-elective-cesarean-section
#19
Pooran Hajian, Mahshid Nikooseresht, Tayebe Lotfi
BACKGROUND: Hypotension is one of the most common complications of spinal anesthesia in parturients undergoing cesarean section. In this regard, the patient's position may affect the incidence of hypotension. OBJECTIVES: In this clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of 1- and 2-minute sitting positions versus immediately lying down after spinal anesthesia on hypotension and vasopressor requirements. METHODS: A total of 72 parturients, scheduled for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia, were randomly divided into 3 groups (24 subjects per group)...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920050/management-of-chronic-daily-headache-and-psychiatric-co-morbidities-by-lifestyle-modification-participatory-action-research-combining-new-communication-media
#20
Fakhrudin Faizi, Abbas Tavallaee, Abolfazl Rahimi, Masoud Saghafinia
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modification has a significant role in chronic daily headache (CDH) management. Participatory action research (PAR) can play an important role in managing chronic medical conditions. However, it has been scarcely used in CDH management. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to empower patients with CDH to modify their lifestyle in order to reduce both their headache and related psychiatric co-morbidities in a multidisciplinary headache clinic at Baqiyatallah hospital, Tehran, IR Iran...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
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